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必修四Unit1知识点


必修四 Unit 1 Women of achievement 知识点导学案
一、重点短语汉译英
Warming up and reading 把…献给;把…用在… 与其;而非 意味着干某事 ( 打算、想要去做某事) 为……辩护 ( 与……争论; 争辩……) 离开,启程,出发 过着…的生活 藐视;瞧不起 制定出 (想法,问题等)涌上心头 关心,关怀 与…交流

建立 肢体语言 对自己说,自言自语 短语:devote … to; rather than; man doing; mean to do; argue for; argue with; argue against; move off; lead a … life look down upon/on; work out; crowd in; concern oneself with; communicate with; set up; body language; say to oneself Using language 吸引某人的目光 接生 为……准备 碰巧,凑巧 (偶然)遇见;碰见 继续,坚持 迫不及待做某事 参考,谈到,查阅 catch one’s eyes; deliver a baby; be intended for; by chance; come across; can’t wait to do sth; refer to

carry on;

二、重点单词短语解析
1. behave vt.&vi. 举动;(举止或行为)表现 behavio(u)r n. 行为;举止;习惯 [典例] 1). Behave yourself; don’ t make a fool of yourself.

注意你的举止, 别闹出笑话来。
2). How is your new car behaving?

你的新车性能如何?
[重点用法] behave oneself 使某人自己举止规矩 behaviour towards/to... 对……的态度/行为 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 1). It’ s hard to train children to _______ _______ (举止得体) at the table. 2). She is always _______ _______ (举止得体) at school. 3). Their _______ (behave) _______ (介词) me shows that they do not like me. Keys: 1). behave well 2). well behaved 3). behaviour towards

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2. achievement n.[c]成就,功绩 achieve vt. 取得,完成 [典例] 1). He received the Nobel Prize for his scientific achievements.

他因科学上取得的成就而获得诺贝尔奖。
2). Flying across the Atlantic for the first time was a great achievement.

首次飞越大西洋是一个伟大的功绩。
[重点用法] achieve an aim / goal 达到目标 achieve success 获得成功 [练习] 根据句子的意思在括号里填入适当的词。 1). Without the support of the people we can _______ _______. 2). I have achieved only half of _______ I hope to do. 3). Congratulations to you Keys: 1). achieve nothing (介词) _______ such a complete victory. 2). what 3). on; achieving

3. observe vt. 观察;观测;遵守 observation n.[u] 观察;观测;监视 [典例] 1). The police observed the man entering/enter the bank.

警方监视着那男子进入银行的情况。
2). The woman was observed to follow him closely.

有人看到那女子紧跟着他。
[重点用法] observe sb. do sth. 观察某人做某事(已做完) observe sb. doing sth. 观察某人正在做某事 under observation 被监视 [练习] 用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空或翻译。 1). They were observed ______ (enter) the bank then. 2). Keynes _______ _______ (观察到) humans fall into two classes. Keys: 1). entering 2). observed that 4. respect vt.&n. 尊敬;尊重;重视 [典例] 1). If you don’ t respect yourself, how can you expect others to respect you? 自己不自重, 又怎能受到别人尊重呢? 2). I have the greatest respect for you.

我非常尊敬您。
[重点用法] respect sb. for sth. 因某事而尊敬某人 have / show respect for sb./sth. 尊敬某人/事 gain/get/earn/win the respect of sb. 赢得某人的尊敬 out of respect 出于尊敬 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 1). The new officer soon ________ (赢得) the respect of his men. 2). I ________ you ________ (因某事而尊敬) your honesty. 3). I have great respect _______ (介词) his ideas, although I don’ t agree with them.
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Keys: 1). won/earned

2). respect; for

3). for

5. argue vt.&vi. 讨论;辩论;争论 argument n.[c]争论;争辩;争吵 [典例] 1). Don’ t argue with your mother.

不要和母亲争辩。
2). I argued that we needed a larger office.

我据理力争我们需要大些的办公室。
[重点用法] argue for (sb./sth.)为(某人/某事)而辩护 argue against (sb./sth.) 反对某人/某事)而辩护 argue with sb. ( about/over sth.) 与某人(为某事)而争吵 argue that... 主张…… argue sb. into/out of doing sth. 通过争论使某人做/不做某事 have an argument about/over sth. 辩论某事 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的介词或翻译。 1). We ______ ______ ______ ______ (说服她加入) us. 2). We argued _______ the waiter _______ the price ______ the meal. Keys: 1). argued her into joining 2). with; about; of 6. support vt.&n. 支持;拥护;支撑;赡养;给予帮助﹑ 同情等的人 [典例] 1). Is this bridge strong enough to support heavy lorries?

这座桥禁得住重型卡车通行吗?
2). He was weak with hunger, so I had to support him.

他饿得没有力气, 我得搀着他。
[重点用法] support sb./ a family 支持某人/ 赡养家庭 support sb. in (doing) sth. 在(做)某事方面支持某人 support sb. by (doing) sth. 通过做某事支持某人 in support of sb/sth 支持或支援某人/事物 support oneself 自力更生 give support to sb. 支持、支援某人 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 1). Will you support me _______ (介词) my campaign for election? 2). Jim was a great support _______ (介词) them when their father died. 3). 我求学期间由父母供养。 ___________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). in 2). to 3). I was supported by my parents when I was studying. 7. live/lead a... life 过着……的生活 [典例] 他们过着快乐的生活。 They live a happy life.
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[短语归纳] “v. + 同源宾语”结构: smile a... smile 露出……微笑 dream a... dream 做了个……的梦 sleep a... sleep 睡个……觉 sing a... song 唱……的歌 die a... death ……怎样地死去 fight a... battle 打……的仗 laugh a... laugh 发出……方式的笑声 [练习] 根据句子的要求在括号里填入适当的词或翻译。 1). We are living happily. = We are living _______ _______ _______. 2). _______ _______ _______ _______ (多么艰辛的生活) they lived! 3). I _______ _______ _______ _______ (做了个美梦) last night. Keys: 1). living a happy life 2). What a hard life 3). dreamed/had a beautiful dream

三、重点句子解析
1. Watching a family of chimps wake up is our….. 观察黑猩猩一家如何醒来是我们...... 动名词做主语往往表示经常性、习惯性的动作,谓语动词采用______(单数/复数)。 Working with you___is___ pleasant. Seeing __is____believing. 2.Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project. 在她母亲头几个月来帮忙后,她才得以开始自己的计划。 将以“only+状语(通常是副词、介词短语或从句)”开头的句子要用部分倒装,即将 be 动词、 助动词或情态动词放在主语之前。 (1) only+状语“+部分倒装 1.只有这样,我们才能学好英语。 Only in this way_______________________. 2.到那时我才意识到我的错误。 Only then _______________________. 3.只有当你明白我的意思了, 你才能认识到你的错误。 Only when you understand what I mean, . 4. 只有当战争结束之后, 他才重新回来工作。 Only after the war was over . 5.只有用这种方法, 我们才能按时完成任务。Only in this way . 注意:如果以“only+主语”开头的句子不用倒装,如: 1). Only we can help ourselves. 只有我们能帮自己。 2). Only Tom failed in the exam. 只有汤姆考试不及格。 [拓展] ①具有否定含义的词或短语如 never, nor, neither, seldom, rarely, hardly, not until 等位 于句首时,句子全部或部分倒装。如:Never will I forget the day. ② 由 not only ... but also 连接的并列句,前句需部分倒装。 如:他不仅喜欢音乐而且喜欢跳舞 Not only does he like music, but also he likes dancing. ③ 以 here, there, now, then, down, up 等引起的句子中,谓语动词常为 be, come, go 等,句子
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需全部倒装。 如:火车来了 Down came the rain. [仿写] _____________________________________ (只有当孩子长大时,才会理解父母的意图。 )

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[真题再现] 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 ①______ you eat the correct foods ______ be able to keep fit and stay healthy. A. Only if; will you B. Only if; you will C. Unless; will you D. Unless; you will ②Only when I left my parents for Italy ______ how much I loved them. (重庆 2008) A. I realized B. I had realized C. had I realized D. did I realize can we learn English well; did I realize my mistakes; can you realize your mistake; did he come back to work; can we finish the task in time; Only when a child grows up does he understand his parents’ intentions. A D 3. She also worked hard to make as many countries as possible agree not to use them. 她努力劝说尽可能多的国家同意不使用它们(地雷) 。 [解释] as...as possible = as... as one can “尽可能”, 第一个 as 可接 adj./adv. 或 many/few + n.(pl.) 或 much/little + n.[u],如: 1). Be as kind to her as possible / you can.

对她尽可能和蔼些。
2). Do your homework as carefully as possible / you can.

做作业尽可能地细心。
3). Read as many useful books as possible / you can.

看尽可能多的书。
[练习] 翻译句子。 1). 在写作中,你应该尽量少犯错误。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 2). 为了养活一大家人,他卖力工作尽力多挣钱。 ____________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). You should make as few mistakes as you can in your writing. 2). In order to support a large family, he worked hard to earn as much money as possible.

1.—A naughty boy kept talking in class. —Are you ___D__ Mike? It’s just like him to be so rude! A. coming across C. looking forward to B. looking down on D. referring to

2.My cousin Jim didn’t ___A__ himself at the party and thus left a very bad impression on the guests. A. behave C. support B. observe D. respect
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3.—If __C___ I’m not in when Mary calls, can you take a message? —Of course. A. in return C. by chance B. on purpose D. in time

4. Don’t wake Doctor Thompson up unless it is a real __B___; he is too tired and needs a good rest. A. campaign C. argument B. emergency D. connection

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