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高一英语必修1 Unit4 Reading PPT课件


高一人教新课标版必修一

Unit 4

Earthquake
Reading

Pre-reading
1. Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away. You have time to take only



one thing. What will you take?

personal washing things torch food and sweets

money

You will take:

blanket

mobile phone
medicine

a bottle of water

2. What strange things would happen before an earthquake?

Bright lights flash in the sky

Animals are too nervous to sleep, such as cats, dogs, chickens, horses, ducks and rabbits, etc.

What do you think may happen before an earthquake?

The water in the wells ____and____. And some rose fell deep cracks ______could be seen in the well walls. A ______ smelly gas came out the cracks.

What do you think may happen before an earthquake?
Mice ran out of the looking for fields___________ places to hide. jumped Fish _________out of bows and ponds.

What do you think may happen before an earthquake?
The chickens and
even pigs were______ too nervous _____eat. to

The dog was ________ barking
loudly again and again.

What do you think may happen before an earthquake?

People could see _______ lights in the sky. bright

Reading
A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP

Look at the each part and write down its main idea. Part 1 Paragraph 1
Before the earthquake strange things began to happen but no one took any notice of them.

Part 2

Paragraph 2 Paragraph 3

The earthquake destroyed the city of Tangshan and shocked the people very much.

Part 3

Paragraph 4

The army came to help the survivors, bringing hope for a new life.

Join the correct parts of the sentences.
1 The chickens didn’t eat because C they were nervous. E they didn’t know what the strange events meant.

2 The people didn’t worry because

3 Such a great number of people died because

4 Water was needed because 5 The people did not lose hope because

B the quake happened while they were sleeping. D dams and wells were useless. A the army came to help them.

Make a timeline
Time For three days At 3:42 am Later that afternoon Soon after the quakes Event

For three days
In the well well water smelly gas cracks rose and fall came out of In the farmyard chickens, pigs: mice: too nervous run out to eat to hide

fish: jump

At about 3:00 am on July 28, 1976
In the sky bright light were in the sky the sound of planes could be heard

In the city

water pipes: cracked and burst

At 3:42 am Later that afternoon
House, roads and canals Steam Hills of rock The large city

had a huge crack

burst from hole in the ground.
became rivers of dirt

lay in ruins

Fill in the blanks.
At 3:42 am, everything began to s_____. It hake seemed that the world was a__ ___ ____. t an end O________(1/3) of the nation f____ it. A ne-third elt uge h_____ crack cut across the city. The city lay i__ ruins Two-thirds of the people d____ or n _____. ied were i_______. Then later that afternoon, njured another big quake s______ Tang Shan, which hook t_______ many r______workers and doctors. rapped escue People began to wonder how long the d______ isaster would l_____. ast

Soon after the quakes
The army: ---sent soldiers to Tangshan. organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. Workers: ---built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. Result: The city began to breathe again.

True ( T )or false( F )?
One-third 1. Two-thirds of the nation felt the earthquake. ( F) Two-thirds 2. All the people in Tangshan were dead or injured during the earthquake. ( F ) 75% 75% 3. All of the city’s hospitals, factories, buildings and homes were damaged in the earthquake. (F ) 90%

4. Later that afternoon, a terrible
earthquake shook Tangshan again. ( T ) 5. People slept outdoors after the earthquake. ( T )

6. Not only the people but also the
animals were shocked greatly. T 7. Many rescue workers and doctors

were trapped under the ruins during
the aftershock. T

Read the text carefully and answer these questions. 1. What is the passage mainly about? An earthquake happened in Tangshan in 1976.

2. What did people in Tangshan see in the sky before the earthquake? They saw bright lights in the sky. 3. What did people hear? They heard the sound of planes outside Tangshan even when no planes were in the sky.

4. What did people notice in the wells? People noticed the well walls had
deep cracks, and a smelly gas came

out of the cracks. 5. Did people pay any attention to these abnormal phenomena? No. They went to the bed as
usual that night.

6. When did the earthquake begin? At 3:42 in the morning of July 28. 7. How many people were killed or injured in the earthquake? More than 400, 000 people. 8. Could the injured people go to hospital? No, they couldn’t because all of the city’s hospitals were gone in the quake.

Choose the best answer.
1. How do you understand the real meaning of the idiom “It is always calm before a storm”? A A. It is unusually quiet before a thunderstorm or hurricane hit. B. One should not trust situations that seem peaceful since bad things may happen. C. The weather is fine before a storm comes. D. You should stay calm before a storm.

2. What can be inferred from the passage? D A. If the pigs were too nervous to eat, there must be an earthquake. B. If some natural signs had not been ignored, all the people in Tangshan city might have had a chance to survive. C. There wouldn’t have been such a great quake if people had paid enough attention to some natural signs. D. If some natural signs had not been ignored, people might have had a chance to survive.

3. Which of the following is the main reason

for the heavy loss of life in the quake? A
A. The earthquake happened in the deep night when people were sleeping deeply. B. There weren’t enough rescue workers. C. The building were poorly constructed and most of them were destroyed in the quake. D. People were not careful enough to notice some natural signs before the earthquake.

Read the text again and fill in the blanks with words or numbers. 1. ___ of the nation felt the earthquake. 1/3 2. A huge crack that was __ kilometres 8 long and ____ metres wide cut across 30 houses. 3. In ____ terrible seconds a large city 15 lay in ruins.

4. ____ of the people died or were injured 2/3

during the earthquake.
5. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than _______. 400,000

6. All of the city’s hospitals, _____ of its 75%
factories and buildings and _____ of its 90%

homes were gone.

Tang shan’s new look

How can we protect ourselves
(自我保护)in an earthquake?

B

A

Hide under the hard furniture ( 家具 ).

Put out the fire and turn off the gas.

C

Use something hard (硬的) to protect your head.
D

Never try to use the lift.

Life is so beautiful. We must love our lives. In an earthquake SPEED IS LIFE.

Language Points
1. Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away. 1) shake : vi /vt (shook, shaken) cause to move to and fro shake hands with sb shake one’s head over /at sth e.g. The whole house shook during the explosion. The explosion shook the house.

2) right away : at once ; in no time ; immediately e.g. He is ill; you should send him to the doctor right away.

right now : at this very moment right now Make up your mind ___________. I’ll return the book ___________. right away

2. For three days the water in the village

wells rose and fell, rose and fell.
rise (rose, risen) vi go up; get higher; (of the sun, moon, stars,etc.) come above the horizon; stand up , get out of bed The flood has risen two feet. She usually rises early in the morning.

rise: 升起; 上升; 上涨 (不能用于被动语态) raise: 举起; 使升起; 提高 (可用于被动语态) He _____from his chair when the door rose

bell rang.
Her job is _______ chickens. raising

Her temperature is still ______. rising
He ________ in rank recently. has risen

3. A smelly gas came out of the cracks. smelly adj. 发臭的 smell + y = adj. wind----windy dream----dreamy ice----icy health ---- healthy wealth ---- wealthy wind ---- windy smell n./v (smelt/ smelled) They were all hungry and the food ______ good. smelt I can ______something burning in the smell kitchen. smelly Please throw the _______ fish away.

4. … the water pipes in some buildings cracked and _____. burst burst : to come open or fly apart suddenly The balloon suddenly burst. burst into + n. Some robbers burst into that house. burst out burst out + doing They burst out laughing.

burst into+ n. burst out + doing……

He burst into laughter. = He burst out laughing. He burst into tears. = He burst out crying.

5. event 名词, 意为“(重要的、不同寻常
的)事件”。如:

Leaving home was a major event in his life.
This is one of the most important events

in the history of mankind.
event 意思还有“(事先安排好的)演出, 赛事, 聚会”, “(体育比赛的)运动项目”等。如: The meeting was an important social event. The 800 metres is not his best event.

event构成的常用短语有: in any/either event = at all events 不管怎样, 无论如何; in the event 结果, 到头来; in the event of sth/in the event that … 万一, 假如发生……的情况; field event 田赛项目 track event 径赛项目 three-day event 三日马术赛。如:

In any event, the worst that she can

do is say “NO”.
In the event of rain, the party will

be held indoors.
Lily didn’t like Tom, but in the

event she married him.
He leaves a letter for me to read in the event that he will die.

6. It seemed as if the world was at an end.

1) as if ①as if 在表语从句中相当于that: It seemed as if the meeting would never end. 看起来会议没完没了。 It seemed as if the world was at an
end!= It seemed that the world was

at an end!

② as if 似乎, 好像 = as though

She spoke to me as if she knew me.
她和我说话的神情, 好像她早就 认识我似的。

③ as if后还可跟名词、形容词、不定式

等。如:
He acts as if (he was) a fool. She left the room hurriedly as if (she was) angry. Tom raised his hands as if (he was

going) to say something.

用动词的适当形式填空。

It looks as if it ______ (be) going to rain. is/were
He talks as if he knows (know) where she is. _____ The girl listened as if she

_______________ (turn) to stone. had been turned

2) at an end 意为“结束”。如: The war was at an end. I must warn you that my patience is almost at an end. end用作名词构成的短语: at the end (of) 在……末尾 by the end of 到……为止 in the end 最后, 终于 come to an end 完结

at the end of 用于表示具体事物或场所
的场合, 它也可以用来表示比喻意; by the end of 用于表示时间的场合到

……结束的时候, 用语过去完成时态;
in the end 意思“最后、终于”。

用end构成的短语填空。 The cold weather at last stopped ____________ March. at the end of Our hunt for a cheaper but larger house is at last ________. at an end If you go on with work, you’ll succeed _________. in the end How many English words had you by the end of learned ____________ last term?

7. In fifteen terrible seconds a large

city lay in ruins.
ruin 在此为名词, 意为“废墟”,

常和介词in搭配, in ruins意为“成废
墟, 垮掉, 毁灭”。如:

This earthquake left the whole
town in ruins. His future is/lies in ruins.

ruin用作名词, 构成的常见短语有: be on the road to ruin 正在走向毁灭、 be the ruin of 使……破产、身体垮掉、 名誉扫地 be/lie in ruins 变成废墟 go to ruin = fall into ruin 衰落, 败落 如: The company cannot pay its bills and is on the road to ruin. Drinking was the ruin of him. He had let the farm go to ruin.

ruin还可作动词, 意为“毁坏, 毁掉”,
ruined作形容词时, 只用在名词前,

意为“毁坏的, 破败不堪的”。如:
This illness has ruined his life.

The rain ruined my painting.
When we got there, we saw a ruined

castle.

辨析: damage, ruin, destroy

①damage指部分“损坏”、“损害”、“破坏” 或指使用价值有所降低。它可以用作动词, 也可以用作名词, 用作名词时常与to something 连用。如: The accident did a lot of damage to his car. ②destroy 只能用作动词,指彻底破坏, 以致 不可能修复,常作“破坏”、“毁灭”解,也可以 指希望、计划等打破。 The earthquake destroyed almost the whole town.

③ruin则表示破坏严重,以致不能修复,但这种 破坏不像destroy那样毁灭某物,而是强调致 使该物的使用价值发生了问题。用作动词时, 它作 “使毁灭”、 “使崩溃”、 “弄糟”解;用作 名词时,它表示 “毁灭”、 “瓦解”、 “废墟”等 抽象概念。ruin也有借喻的用法。 The fire ruined the castle. The house has fallen into ruin. The company is facing ruin.

The village ___ in ruins after the war. lay These machines have ____ idle since the lain factory closed. An earthquake left the whole town_______. in ruins His career is ________. in ruins Everywhere they looked nearly everything was _________. destroyed He ______ his girl friend’s prospects ruined Soft wood ________ easily. damages

8. Two-thirds of the people died or were _______ during the earthquake. injured More than 61% of the surface of the earth ____covered by water. is Seventy percent of the workers in this factory ____ young. are injure: to hurt oneself/ sb. / sth. physically

n. injury

adj. injured

the injured 伤者, 伤员
an injured look/expression 委屈的样子/表情

injured pride/feelings 受到伤害的自尊、
情感 如:

He suffered serious injuries to the arms
and legs.

Many of the injured are still in a serious
condition.

Compare: injure;

hurt;
wound
Their criticisms _________ him deeply. have hurt Smoking will ________ his health. injured

He was slightly ________ in the car accident. injured
He got _________ in the fighting. wounded

What you said _____ my feeling. hurt

9. People were shocked. shock: n. 打击; 震惊, 震动 vt. 使震惊, 使惊愕 shocking: adj. 使人震惊的 The news of his wife’s death was a terrible shock to him. You will get a shock if you touch the live wire. I was shocked by his rudeness. His failure in the exam was shocking to his parents.

10. Such a great number of people died because the quake happened while they were sleeping. a number of 几个, 若干 a great/good number of 许多, 大量 如: A number of students are planting trees on the hill. A great number of volunteers are helping those people living in the earthquake-hit area.

a number of修饰可数名词的复数,
number 前可用large, small, good, certain, great等修饰词。当它修饰 主语时, 谓语动词用复数。注意: the number of 意为“……的数量, 数目”,

当它与后面的名词连用时, 中心词是
the number, 做主语时谓语用单数。

用a number of和the number of填空。
A number of ____________ students are watching the games on the playground. The number of ______________ trees planted in our village is never under 200 every year.

辨析: a (great) number of; a great deal of; a lot of; plenty of a (great) number of 修饰可数名词, 跟复数形式; a great deal of 修饰不可数名词; a lot of 后面既可以加可数名词, 也可以加不可数名词; plenty of 后面既可以加可数名词, 也可以加不可数名词。

11. Some of the rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. trap 1) 做动词 ① 困住, 使陷于困境 如: Dozens of people were trapped in the building when the fire took place. There’s no way out! We’re trapped! Julia felt trapped in her role of wife and mother. ② 诱骗, 诱使(trap sb into doing sth)”; 夹住, 压扁; 把……储存 如:

I was trapped into telling a lie. Take care not to trap your fingers in the door. How can you trap the sun’s heat? 2) trap还可作名词, 意为“圈套; 陷阱; 计谋”, 构成的常见短语有: set a trap 设置陷阱 fall/walk into a trap 落入圈套

lay a trap for 为……设下圈套 fall into the trap of doing sth 做某事不明智 keep your trap shut 不把……说出去, 不泄密 如: She felt that marriage was a trap. The police set a trap to catch the thief. Don’t fall into the trap of investing all your money in one place. Just keep your trap shut, and we won’t get into trouble.

12. People began to ________ how long the wonder disaster would last. wonder : v. 1) to have a feeling of surprise. 2) to be filled with curiosity or doubt. n. one that arouses astonishment, surprise ; admiration It is no wonder (that)= No wonder (that)

---Tom often works deep into the night every day. ---No wonder he always gets first in the examinations.

13. All hope was not lost.
all…not … = not all…; some… but not all
Not all the children are left.

(= Only some of them left early.) Not all the children are noisy. (= Some of the children are not noisy.) ? none of ….. None of us were allowed to go there. None of these reports is very helpful.

14. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. dig out 挖掘; 发现 bury : A. to place in the ground B. to occupy (oneself) with deep concentration; absorb

The dog buried the bone in the ground.
I buried myself in my studies.
bury oneself in= be buried in

devote oneself to= be devoted to

Homework
1. Finish Exercise 1-4 on page 28.

2. Underline the important phrases
and sentences in the text.


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