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牛津高中英语 模块3 module3 unit3 reading Lost civilizations


The Statue of Zeus

The Hanging Gardens—the Lost Paradise

Taj Mahal (India)

Potala Palace

1. Can you name some buildings that could represent a

ncient civilizations in China?

The Great Wall, the Summer Palace, the Temple of Heaven, the Thirteen Tombs of the Ming Dynasty and so on.
2. What does the title Lost Civilizations mean? It means ancient buildings, cultures and countries that no longer existed.

Now, enjoy some more pictures

Pompeii--- the grief of prosperity

Loulan--- the beautiful ghost of Luobupo

Pompeii

Loulan

?Where are the places in the pictures? ?What have you known about them?

1. What is one main similarity between Pompeii and Loulan? Both of them became lost civilizations long ago. 2. What was Loulan buried beneath? It was buried beneath the sand.

Date Day1-15th July Day2-16th July Day3-17th July

Arrangements/Plan s in Italy went to a lecture about Pompeii saw the ancient city of Pompeii arrived in Loulan

Day10-24th July

Day11-25th July

knew some information from an archaeologist, Professor Zhang

1. When was the city Pompeii founded? It was founded in the 8th century BC.

2. What happened to Pompeii in August AD 79? The Mountain erupted and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside. Many people in Pompeii were buried alive, and so was the city.

3. How was the buried city discovered? It was discovered in the 18th century when a farmer discovered a stone with writing on it. People started to dig in the area for treasure, which caused much damage. Thus in 1860, the was put under the government protection so it could be preserved and studied.

4. What were the stepping stones
along the road in Pompeii used

for?
With the stones, people did not have to step in the mud in the streets on rainy days.

6. Who discovered the ruins of Loulan
Kingdom first? What did he find?

Sven Hedin, the European explorer. He
discovered the ruins of buildings

buried beneath the sand, together with
a lot of treasures, including …

5. Why was Loulan an important city about 2,000 years ago? Because it was a stopping point on the famous Silk Road between the East and the West.

7. According to the last sentence, how did the author feel about the loss of Loulan? She felt that it was a pity!

Date Day1-15th July Day2-16th July Day3-17th July

Arrangements/Plan s in Italy went to a lecture about Pompeii saw the ancient city of Pompeii arrived in Loulan

Day10-24th July

Day11-25th July

knew some information from an archaeologist, Professor Zhang

Find the historical information about Pompeii.
Time in the 8th century in 89 BC on 24th Aug. AD 79 Events

It was founded. It was taken over by the Romans. The volcano erupted. It was discovered.
The area was put under government protection

in the 18th century

in 1860

streets with stepping stones

houses decorated with wall paintings

Day10-24th July & Day 11-25th July

—— the lost civilization of ancient China 1. When was it founded? About 2,000 years ago. 2. What kind of city was it? A busy and wealthy commercial city. 3. Who is Professor Zhang? An archaeologist from the local cultural institute.

the Silk Road

a small, wealthy commercial city

— a stopping point on the famous Silk Road

Day11-25th July

1. How was Loulan discovered? 100 years ago, the Swedish explorer Sven Hedin discovered the ruins of it as well as a lot of treasures. 2. What can you see about the city now? The city walls, palaces, temples, workshops and towers; an ancient water system that ran through the middle of the city.

the ruins of Loulan

the remains of buildings

Find the historical information about Loulan.

2000 years ago from AD 200 to AD 500 100 years ago

It existed as a commercial city. It was covered over gradually by sand storms.

It was discovered by an European explorer.

Fill in the blanks with proper words.
Italy Both Pompeii in ________and Loulan in China lost civilizations became ____ ________ about 2000 years ago. Pompeii was ________ founded in the 8th century BC and was _____ taken _______ over by the Romans in 89BC. On erupted and the 24th Aug. AD79, the mountain _________ buried __________. alive city were _______ Loulan was a stopping _________ _________ on the Silk Road. It point disappeared under the ________. There are just a sand few _________ left. Some _________, treasures such as coins ruins and painted pots, was found.


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