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高中英语必修1-5重点词组和句子归纳总结


高 中 英 语 必 修 一 重 点 词 组 和 句 子 归 纳 总 结
新课标必修 1 Unit1 Friendship 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: be good to 对….友好 add up 合计 another time 改时间 get sth done 使…被做 calm down 镇定下来 have got to 不得不 walk the dog 遛狗

make a list of 列出 hide away 躲藏;隐藏 be concerned about 关心;挂念 share sth with sb 和某人分享某物 go through 经历;仔细检查 set down 放下;记下 a series of 一系列;一套 be crazy about 对…着迷 on purpose 故意 in order to/ so as to 为了 face to face 面对面地 get along with 与…相处 pack up 收拾,打理行装 according to 按照;根据…所说 have trouble with sb/sth 同某人闹意见;做…有困难 communicate with sb 和…交际 throw away the friendship 放弃/终止友谊 try out 试验;试用 join in 参加(活动) far and wide 到处 look to sth 注意,留心某事 fall in love 相爱 ignorant of 无知的 cheat sb (out) of sth 骗取某人某物 have the/a habit of doing sth 有做…的习惯 1 Unit2 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: in…ways 在…方面 such as 例如 believe it or not 信不信由你 come up with 提出 come up to a place 参观某地 ever before 从前 even if/ though 即使 at the end of 在…末期 be based on 在...基础上 close to 距离…近 change…into 把…变成 in the early days 在早期 take…with…随身携带 the same…as 与…相同的 at present 目前 be absent from 缺席 be present at 在席;出席 carry out a rule 执行规则 be a native of 是…人 at sb’s request 应某人的要求 have a command of 掌握 make a request 请求 request that …(should)+v 原形 in one direction 朝一个方向 give commands 命令 be different from 与…不同 i n the 1600’s = in the 1600s as a rule 通常;照例 be native to 是…的土产动物/植物 as we know 正如我们所知 an international language 一门国际语言 an international organization 一个国际组织 play a role/ part (in) 在…中担任角色;在…中起作用;扮演一个角色;参与 play an important role/ part 在…中起重要作用 because of 因为;由于 come up (vi) 走进;上来;发生;被讨论 make (good/ full) use of (好好/充分)利用 from one place to another 从一处到另一处 present sth to sb / present sb with sth 新课 标必修 1 Unit3 Travel Journal 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: one-way fare 单程票 round-trip fare 往返票 graduate from 从…毕业 care about 忧虑,关心 care for 喜欢,照顾 care to do 愿意/同意做某事 give in (vt) 上 交 give in (to) 投降;屈服;让步 give up 放弃 give up doing/sth as usual 像往常一样 at midnight 午夜 at an altitude of 在…海拔上 attitude to/ toward(s) 对…态度 change one’s mind 改变主意 to my mind = in my opinion make camp 野营,宿营 make up one’s mind to do 决心干某事 put up one’s tents 搭起帐篷 sth be familiar to sb 某事为某人所熟悉
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dream of/ about doing sth 梦想做某事 go for long bike rides 做长途自行车旅行 persuade sb to do sth= persuade sb into doing sth 说服某人做某事 persuade sb not to do sth= persuade sb out of doing sth 说服某人不做某事 determine to do sth ( 动作) / be determined to do sth (心理) 决心干某事 get sb interested in 使某人对..感兴趣 insist on (one’s) sth/ doing sth 一定要;坚持要 the best way of doing sth/ the best way to do sth 干某事的最好办法 sb be familiar with sth 某人熟悉某事 can’t wait/ can hardly wait to do sth 迫不及待想干某事 for one thing… for another (用来引出某事的理由)一则… 二则… take one’s breath away 使某人大吃一惊新课标必修 1 Unit4 Earthquakes 重点词组句子 归纳总结 重点词组: have time to do 有时间做某事 happen to do 碰巧做某事 shake hands with sb 握手 burst into tears/ laughter in ruins 成为废墟 cut across 穿过、横穿 blow away 吹走、刮走 fall down 倒塌 rescue workers 救援人员 be pleased to do 乐意做某事 make/ give a speech 发表演说 judging….from 根据……来判断 tens of thousands of 成千上万 dig out 挖掘 burst out crying/laughing 突然哭/笑起来 think little of 对……评价低 be proud of / take pride in 以……而自豪 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 invite sb for/ to sth think highly of 对……评价高 one-third 1/3 two-thirds 2/3 seventy-five percent 75% agree with sb give out 发出(气味等) ;分发;耗尽 a great/ large number of =a great many/good 大量的 be trapped in/ under 陷入……/ 陷在……下面 the high school speaking competition 高中演讲比赛 have sb do sth= make sb do sth= let sb do sth 让某人做某事 come to an end (vi) = put/ bring sth to an end = put/ bring an end to sth 结束某事 agree to sth give off 发出(气味等) give back 归还 give away 赠送;泄露 agree on sth 达成一致意见 agree to do sth right away= right now= at once= immediately 立刻 as you know 正如你所知道的 be known as 作为……而知名 as is known to all 众所周知 be known for 因……而出名 as could be expected 正如可以预料到的 it is useless doing sth 干某事是无用的 happen= take place= come about= break out 偶发 有计划 偶发 战争等爆发新课 标必修 1 Unit5 Nelson Mandela 重点词组句子归纳总结 重点词组: lose heart 丧失勇气 worry about 担心 lose one’s heart to sb/sth 爱上,喜欢上 be worried about 担心(状态) in trouble 处于不幸中 be sentenced to 被判处 be out of work = lose one’s job 失业 be equal to 相等的,平等的 be proud of / take pride in 以……而自豪 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 invite sb for/ to sth think highly of 对……评价高 one-third 1/3 two-thirds 2/3
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seventy-five percent 75% agree with sb give out 发出(气味等) ;分发;耗尽 as a matter of fact = in fact = actually 事实上 blow up 充气 爆炸 beg for 乞讨 set up 建立,创立;设置,竖起 send up 发射,使上涨 set about 着手做某事 (set about doing sth) go up 上升,增长;被兴建 set off 出发,动身 set up 设立,建立;设置,竖起 set out 陈列,摆出;开始(set out to do sth) stop sb (from) doing sth be active in = take an active part in 积极参与,在……活跃 keep sb from doing sth 阻止某人做某事 die for 为……而死 die from 死于(外因)prevent sb (from) doing sth die of 死于(内因 如:饥饿,寒冷,疾病等)be proud of / take pride in 以……而自豪 invite sb to do sth 邀请某人做某事 invite sb for/ to sth agree with sb think highly of 对…评价高 one-third 1/3 two-thirds 2/3 seventy-five percent 75% give out 发出(气味等) ;分发;耗尽 put sb in prison= throw sb into prison= send sb to prison 把……投入监狱 advise sb to do sth 建议某人做某事 advice 不可数 a piece of advice advise doing sth fight for 为争取……而斗争 advise sb on sth fight against 为反对……而斗争 advise that (should)+ v 原 fight with 同……并肩作战/ 同……斗争 have problems/ difficulty/ trouble with sth work out 算出 have a go= have a try break the law 违反法律 have problems/ difficulty/ trouble (in) doing sth be willing to do sth 乐于做某事 realize one’s dream of 实现…… 的梦想 answer violence with violence 以暴制暴 come to power 当权,上台 social activities 社会活动 equal (adj)--- equally (adv)--- equality (n) violence (n)------violent (adj) cruelty (n)--- cruel (adj)--- cruelly (adv) educated (adj)------education (n) willing----unwilling 不愿意的 active----inactive 不活跃的

必修 2

above all 首先, 尤其 be absorbed in 专心于 by accident 偶然

account

for 说明 on account of 因为,由于 take…into account 考虑 be accustomed to 习惯于 add up to 合计,总计 in addition 另外 in addition to 除……之外 in advance 提前,预先 take advantage of 利用 ahead of 在……前面,先于 in the air 在流行中,在传播中 after all 终于,毕竟 all but 几乎,差一点,除……之外其余都 all over 遍及,到处 at all 完全,根本 in all 总共,共计 make allowances for 考虑,顾及,体谅 in alliance with 与……联盟 leave…alone 听其自然,不要去管 let alone 更不用说 along with 与……一起 one after another 一个接一个 one another 互相 apart from 除去 as for 至于,就……方面说 as if 好象,仿佛 as though 好象,仿佛 as to 至于,关于 as well 也,一样 aside from 除……以外 ask for 请求,要求 pay attention to 注意 on the average 平均,一般说来 right away 立即,马上 bake and forth 来回,往返,来来往往 bake off 放,让步,退却 bake up 支持,援助 on the basis of 根据,在……的基础上 because of 由于,因为 on behalf of 代表,为了 at the best 充其量,至多 do/try one‘s best 尽力,努力 get the best of 胜过 make the best of 充分利用,妥善处理 for the better 好转,改善
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get the better of 打败,智胜 had better 最好还是,应该 on board 在(船、车、飞机等)上 be bound to 必定,一定 break away 脱离,逃跑 break down 损坏,分解,瓦解 break in 强行进入,闯入,打断 break into 闯入 break off 断绝,结束 break out 突发,爆发 break through 突破 break up 终止,结束,打碎 catch one‘s breath 屏息 out of breath 喘不过气来 in brief 简儿言之 bring about 带来,造成 bring down 打倒,挫伤 bring forth 产生,提出 bring forward 提出 bring out 使出现,公布 bring to 使恢复知觉 bring up 教育,培养,使成长 build up 积累,树立,逐步建立 in bulk 散装,大批 burn out 烧掉 burn up 烧完,烧尽 call for 邀请,要求,需要 call forth 唤起,引起 call off 放弃,取消 call on/upon 访问,拜访 call up 召集,动员 care for 照顾,关心 take care 小心,当心 and so forth 等等 set free 释放 make friends 交朋友 be friends with 对……友好 to and fro 来来回回 in front of 在什么前面 make fun of 取消,嘲弄 in the future 今后,将来 in general 通常,大体上 get along with 进展,相处融洽 get away 逃脱,离开 get down to 开始,着手 get in 进入,收获,收集 get into 进入,陷入 get off 离开,动身,开始 get out of 逃避,改掉 get over 克服 get the better of 占上风,胜过 get through 结束,完成 get together 集合,聚集 get up 起床,增加 give away 泄露,分送 give back 送还,恢复 give in 投降,屈服 give off 放出,释放 give out 分发,放出 give up 停止,放弃 give way to 给……让路,被……替代 go after 追求 go ahead 开始,前进 go along with 陪同前往,随行 go by 过去 go for 支持,拥护 go into 进入,研究,调查 go off 爆炸;发射;动身,离开 go on 继续,发生 go over 检查,复习,重温 go through 经历,经受,详细检查 go with 伴随,与……协调 as good as 和……几乎一样,实际上等于 for good 永久的 good for 有效,适用 take …for granted 想当然,认为理所当然 on guard 警惕,防范 in half 一半 at hand 在附近,即将到来 hand down 流传下来,传给 hand in 交上,递交 hand in hand 手拉着手,联合 hand on 传下来,依次传递 hand out 分发,散发 hand over 交出,移交 in hand 在控制中 on the other hand 另一方面 hand about 闲荡,徘徊 hand on 继续下去,等一下 hand up 挂断() happen to 碰巧,偶然 hardly any 几乎没有,几乎什么也不 hardly …when 刚一……就 in haste 急忙的,草率的 have on 穿着,戴着 head for 驶向,走向 lose one‘s head 不知所措 at heart 实质上 learn by heart 记住,背诵 heart and soul 全心全意 lose heart 丧失勇气,失去信心 can‘t help 禁不住,不得不 help oneself 自取所需 get hold of 抓住,掌握 hold back 踌躇,退缩,阻止,抑制 hold on 继续,紧握不放 hold on to 紧紧抓住,坚持 hold up 举起,承载,阻挡 at home 在家,在国内,自在自如 home and aboard 国内外 in honor of 为纪念,向……表示敬意 on one‘s honor 以名誉担保 how about 如何,怎样 hundreds of 数以百计,许多 hunger for 渴望 hunger up 赶快,迅速完成 in a hurry 急忙的,急于 if only 要是……多好 improve on 改进 for instance 例如 instead of 代替,而不是 at intervals 不时,时时 by oneself 独自,单身 in itself 本身 keep back 阻止阻挡,隐瞒 keep down 控制,压制,镇压,压低
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keep from 使……不做 keep off 不接近,避开 keep on 继续,保持 keep out of 躲开,置身之外 keep to 坚持,保持 keep up 保持,维持,坚持 keep up with 跟上 knock down 撞倒,击倒 knock out 击倒,击昏 known as 被认为是,被称为 at large 一般,大体上 at last 最终,终于 lay aside 把……搁置一边 lay down 放下,制定 lay off 解雇 lay out 安排,布置,陈列,展示 at least 至于,最低限度 in the least 一点,丝毫 leave behind 留下,忘了带 leave out 遗漏,略去 at leisure 从容的,有空 at length 最后;详细地 no less than 不少于,不亚于,和……一样 let down 放下,降低;使失望 let go 放开,松手 let in 让……进去,放……近来 let off 放(炮,烟火) ;开枪;免除 let out 放掉,发出 lie in 在于 cast light on/upon 使明白,阐明 in the light of 按照,依据 in line 成一直线,排 成一行 in line with 和……成直线,与……一致 line up 排队,使排成一行 a little 一点,也许 little by little 逐渐地 quite a little 相当多,不少 live on/by 靠……生活 live through 度过,经受过 live up to 做到,不辜负 as long as /so long as 只要,如果 before long 不久以后 for long 长久的 no longer 不再 look after 照管,照料 look at 看望,注视 ook back 回顾,回头看 look down on 看不起,轻视 look for 寻找,寻求 look forward to 盼望,期待 look into 调查,观察 look on 旁观,观看 look out 留神,注意,警惕 look over 检查,察看,调查 look through 仔细察看,浏览,温习 look up to 尊敬,敬仰 at a loss 困惑,不知所措 at lot of 大量的,很多的 lost of 大量,很多 fall in love with 相爱,爱上 be made up of 由……构成,由……组成 make for 走向,驶向;有利于 make up 构成,组成 make up for 补偿,弥补 a great/good many 许多,大量 many a 许多的 a matter of 关于……的问题 no matter how/what/when 无论怎样 by all means 无论如何,必定 by means of 借助于 by no means 决不 in memory of at the mercy of 在……支配下 keep in mind 记住 have in mind 记住;考虑到 make up one‘s mind 下决心 never mind 不要紧,没关系 by mistake 错误的 mix up 混合,混淆 at the moment 现在,此刻 for a moment 片刻,一会儿 fur the moment 现在,暂时 in a moment 立刻,马上 more and more 越来越 more or less 或多或少,几乎 no more 不再 no more than 不过,仅仅 at most 最多,至多 make the most of 充分利用 by nature 天生,就其本性而言 in nature 本质上 neither …nor 既不……也不 nothing but 只有,仅仅 every now and then 有时,时时,偶尔 just now 刚才,一会儿 just that 既然,由于 on occasion 有时,不时 at odds with 与……不一致,差异,争执 off and on 断断续续,不时地 and so on 等等 all at once 突然 at once 立刻,马上 once for all 一劳永逸 once more 再一次,又一次 once another 相互 come/go into operation 开始运转 put/bring into operation 使生效,使运转 in order 秩序井然,整齐 in order to 为了 in order that 以便 out of order 发生故障,混乱 put in order 修理,检修 every other 每隔一个 other than 除了 over and over 一再,再三 owing to 由于 on one ‘ s own 独自的,独立的 keep pace with 跟上,与……同步 take pains 尽力,煞费苦心 play a role 起作用 take part in 参加 in particular 特别的,尤其 pass away 去世,逝世
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pass off 终止,停止 pass out 失去知觉,昏倒 in the past 在过去 pay back 偿还,回报 pay off 使……得益,有报偿 pay up 全部付清 pick out 选出,挑出 pick up 拣起;搭人;获得 in place 在适当的位置 in place of 代替 in the first place 起初,首先 in the last place 最后 take place 发生 take the place of 代替 play with 以……为消遣,玩弄 come to the point 说到要点 on the point of 即将……的时候 point out 指出 to the point 切中要害,切题 bring/put…into practice 实施,实行 in practice 在实践中,实际上 out of practice 久不练习,荒疏 at present 目前,现在 for the present 目前,暂时 prey on 捕食;杀害;折磨 make progress 进步,进展 in proportion to 成比例 in public 公开的,当众 pull down 拆毁,拉倒;降低 pull off 脱衣帽等 pull out 拔出,取出 put away 放好,收好,储存 put down 记下,放下;镇压,平定 put forward 提出 put off 推迟,推延 put on 穿上,戴上;增加(体重) put out 熄灭,消灭 put up 举起,升起;建造,搭起;张贴 put up with 容忍,忍受 in question 正在考虑 at random 随机的,任意的 at any rate 无论如何 would rather…than 宁愿 rather than 而不是 by reason of 由于 refer to 参考,查阅;提到;把……提交 as regards 关于,至于 with regard to 对于,就……而论 in relation to 关于 as a result 结果,因此 in return 作为回报,作为报答 get rid of 摆脱,除去 ring off 挂断 give rise to 引起,使发生,造成 all round 周围,处处 as a rule 通常,照例 run for 竞选 run into 撞上,偶然碰见 run out of 用完,用尽,耗尽 run over 浏览,复习 in the long run 从长远来看 for the sake of 看在……的份上 on sale all the same 仍然,照样地 the same as 与……一致,与……相同 on a large scale 大规模的 on a small scale 小规模的 ahead of schedule 提前 behind schedule 晚点 on schedule 按预定时间 in secret 秘密的,私下的 see through 看穿,识破 in a sense 从某种意义上说 make sense 有意义,言之有理 in sequence 依次,逐一 a series of 一系列,一连串 serve as 作为,用作 set about 开始,着手 set aside 挑出,留出 set back 推迟,延缓;阻碍 set down 卸下,放下;记下 set forth 阐明,陈述 set off 出发,动身;引起,使发生 set out 陈列,显示;动身,起程;制定 set up 创立,建立,树立 settle down 定居,过安定的生活 run short 用完,耗尽 for short 简称,缩写 in short 简而言之,总之 show in 领入 show off 炫耀,卖弄 show up 使呈现;出席,到场 sick of 厌烦 side by side 肩并肩,一个挨一个 at first sight 乍一看,初看起来 in sight 被见到 catch sight of 发现,突然发现 out of sight 看不见,在视野之外 ever since 从那时起,自那时以来 sit for 参加 sit in on 列席;旁听 ever so 非常,极其 or so 大约,左右 so…as to 结果是,如此……以至于 so far 迄今为止 so that 以便,为的是,结 果是 so …that 如此……以致 as soon as 一……就 no sooner …than 一……就 sooner or latter 迟早,早晚 speed up 加速 in spite of 不管,尽管 on the spot 当场,在现场 at stake 在危险中 stand by 站在一边,袖手旁观 stand for 代表,意味着 stand out 突出,显眼 stand up 站起来 stand up for 为……辩护,维护 sand up to 勇敢面对,坚持抵抗,经得起 in step 同步,合拍
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step by step 逐步 step up 提高;加快;加紧 out of step 步调不一致,不协调 step in 插入,介入 stick out 伸出,突然;坚持到底 stick to 坚持,忠于,信守 in stock 备有 in succession 连续地 such as 诸如,例如 such…that 如此……以至 all of a sudden 突然 in sum 总而言之 sum up 总结,概括 make sure 查明,确信,确定 take … as 把……作为 take after 与……相象 take apart 拆卸 take away 消除,消耗 take down 记下,写下 take…for 把……认为是,把……看成是 take in 接受,吸收;了解;理解;欺骗 take off 脱下;起飞 take on 呈现;承担;从事 take over 接管,接办 take to 喜欢,亲近 tall back 回嘴,顶嘴 talk into 说服 in tears 流着泪,含泪 lose one‘s temper 发怒,发脾气 in terms of 依据,按照;……措词 thanks to 由于,幸亏 and then 而且,其次,然后 for one thing 首先,一则 think of 想起,想到 think of…as 把……看做是,以为……是 think over 仔细考虑 as though 好象 thousands of 许多,无数 all the time 一直,始终 at a time 每次,一次 at no time 从不,决不 at one time 曾经,从前曾 at times 有时 for the time being 目前,暂时 from time to time 有时,不时 in no time 立即,马上 in time 及时,适时 on time 准时 once upon a time 从前 take one‘s time 不急不忙,从容进行 by the same token 由于同样的原因,同样地 keep in touch 保持联系 out of touch 失去联系 touch on 关系到,涉及 keep track 注意动向 lose track 失去联系 in truth 实际上,的确 try out 试验 try on 试穿 by turns 轮流 in turn 依次,轮流 turn down 关小,低调;拒绝 turn in 交出 turn into 变成 turn off 关掉,断开 turn on 接通,打开 turn out 结果是 turn over 翻过来;转移;转交 turn to 求助于,借助于 turn up 出现 take turns 轮流 up to 直到;胜任;适于 make use of 利用 put into use 使用,利用 use up 用完 as usual 像往常一样。照例 a variety of 种种,各种 on the verge of 接近于,濒于 by virtue of 由于 by the way 顺便提一下 by way of 经由,通过……方式 give way 让路,让步 in a way 从某点上看,在某种程度上 in no way 决不 in one‘s way /in the way 妨碍,阻碍 make one‘s way 前进,行进 make way 开路,让路 what if 如果……将会怎样 whether… or 是……还是 for a while 暂时,一时 once in a while 偶尔,有时 after a while 过了一会,不久 on the whole 总的来说 wipe out 擦去,除去,消灭 in a word 总而言之 in other words 换句话说,也就是说 keep one‘s word 守信用 word for word 逐字地 at work 在工作,忙于 out of work 失业 work out 决;算出;制定出 work up 引起;逐渐上升 in the word 到底,究竟 at worst 在最坏的情况下 write off 报废;勾销,注销 go wrong 发生故障,出毛病 as yet 到目前为止;到那时为止

必修 3

Unit 1

1.mean doing sth. 意味着; mean to do sth. 打算或企图做某事; mean sb. to do sth. 打算让某人做某事 be meant for 打算作……用; 为…而有 2.take place 发生;举行 3.of all kinds 各种各样的 4.starve to death 饿死 be starved of 缺乏, starve for sth, starve to do,渴望
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5.plenty of 大量; 充足 6.be satisfied with 感到满意 to one’s satisfaction 感到满意是 7.do harm to sb.=do sb. harm 伤害某人 8.in the shape of 呈…的形状,以…的形式 9.in memory of/ to the memory of sb.纪念某人 10.dress up 穿上最好的衣服;打扮,化装 11.award sth.(to sb.)和 award sb.sth.(for sth.) 给予、颁奖 reward sb. for sth. 因 …奖赏某人; reward sb. with sth. 用某物酬劳某人 12. admire sb. for sth 在某方面钦佩某人 13.look forward to 期望,期待,盼望 14,have fun with(与某人)玩得开心;过得快乐 ( have a good time, enjoy oneself.) 15. turn up.来;出现;把(收音机等)音量开大些 turn down 拒绝; turn off 关掉; turn on 打开; turn out 结果是...... turn to sb. for help 向某人求助 16.keep one’s word 守信用; break one’s word, 失信 17.It be obvious that-clause 显而易见;一目了然 18.set off 动身, 出发; 使(地雷、炸弹)爆炸; set in 开始; set up 建立,创立 ; set out to do = set about doing sth.着手做 set down 写 下 , 记 下 19 . remind sb. of sth. 提 醒 , 使 想 起

Unit 2
1.a healthy diet 健康饮食; a balanced diet 平衡的饮食 2.in different way 用另外方式 3.most often 最经常 4.feel frustrated 感到沮丧 5.by lunchtime 到午餐时间 6.must have happened 一定发生过 7.at the end of the street 在街道的尽头 8.be tired of 厌倦 9.be amazed at sth. 对...感到惊奇 10.throw away 扔掉 11.get away with 逃脱 12.tell lies 说谎 13.energy-giving food 提供热量的食物 body-building foods 提供营养的食物 14feel fit 保持精力旺盛 15.the weakness of the diet 饮食的弱点 the strength of the diet 饮食的优点 16.do some research into 做一些...方面的 研究 17.earn one’s living 谋生 18.be in debt 负债 19.glare at 怒视 20.move round 绕过 21.spy on 在暗中侦察;打探 22.upset sb.使......不安 23.look ill 感到不舒服 feel sick 感到恶心 24.heavy food 不易消化的食物 25.chat(ting) about 聊起关于...... 26.serve with 用......配 27.rather than 而不是 28.cut down 减少 29.before long 不久

Unit 3
know about 了解关于…事 make a bet 打赌 win or lose the bet 在打赌中赢或输 have bad luck 运气不好 step inside 走进里面 lead the way 带路 I wonder if 我想知道是否… go right ahead 说下去 as a matter of fact 事实上 by accident 偶然 sail out of the bay 驶出海湾 stare at 盯着 towards nightfall 到夜幕降临时 carry … out to sea 把…带到了大海 give oneself up for lost 因为迷路而绝望 work as an unpaid hand 免费劳动 account for 导致 to be honest 坦白地说 your idea of some kind of joke 你认为的一种笑话
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be on my way 上路 show sb. out 把某人带出去 be confident about 对… 自信 the cost of a journey 旅行费用 give sb. a ride 让某人搭车 lose one’s patience 失去耐心 do fifty jumps without stopping 不间断地连续跳五十下 fall over 跌到 account for your behaviour 对你的行为做出解释 be jealous of the others’ success 嫉妒别人的成功 show a willingness to do sth. 表示乐意做谋事 stay out of jail 免坐牢 be reserved 被预定了 (That’s one reserved.) take the gentleman’s order 让那位绅士点菜 the look on the waiter ’s face 服务员脸上的表情 take a chance 碰碰运气 read the bill 看帐单 in a rude manner 用粗鲁的方式 for a while 一会儿

Unit 4
1. think of…as 把……看作是 2.a cloud of energetic dust 具有能量的尘埃 3. combine into…合成…… 4. move around the sun 环绕太阳运转 5. become violent 变得激烈 6. the solid surface 固体表面 7. explode loudly 猛烈爆炸 8. in time 及时,最终 9. produce the water vapor 产生水蒸汽 10. make the earth’s atmosphere 构成了地球的大气层 11.cool down 冷却 12. on the surface 在表面 13. be different from…与……不同 14.go round the sun 环绕太阳运转 15. disappear from…从……消失 16. stay on…存留在…… 17. show one’s quality 显现某人的特性, 18.dissolve harmful gases 分解,溶解有害气体, 19. become part of…变成……的一部分, 20. develop life 发展生命, 21.grow in the water 在水里生长, 22. encourage the development of… 鼓励……的发展, 23 millions of years later 几万年以后, 24.live on land 在陆地上生活, 25. live in the sea 在海里生存, 26. grow into forests 长成森林, 27. produce young 生出幼仔, 28. lay eggs 下蛋, 29.animals with hands and feet 长着手脚的动物, 30.spread all over the earth 遍布全世界, 31.develop new methods 发展了新的方法, 32.. move around 迁徙, 33. go by 过去,推移, 34.prevent…from…防止……做……, 35.escape from… into…从……逃离到……, 36.depend on….依靠,依赖,取决与……, 37. solve a problem 解决 38 be lucky enough 足够幸运, 39. make a trip 去旅行, 40. visit the moon 参观月球, 41. in the spaceship 在太空飞船中, 42. explain to… that…向……解释……, 43. on the journey 在旅程中, 44 be off 启程, 45 rise into the air 升人太空, 46. feel the pull of the earth 感觉到地球的拉力, 47call…gravity 称……为地球引力, 48. push…into the seat 把……推向座位, 49. say…to each other 向彼此说……, 50.fall back to…朝……落下去, 51.fall from a tree 从树上掉下来, 52. fall to the ground 朝地上落下去,
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53. get close to…接近……, 54 cheer up 高兴起来, 55 float weightlessly around 失重飘来飘去, 56 in the spaceship cabin 太空船舱, 57. watch…do 看着……做, 58. move freely 自由的活动, 59. climb down the steps 从梯级上爬下来, 60. step forward 向前迈步, 61.fall over 摔倒, 62. need practice 需要练习 63..get the hang of…掌握了……的诀窍, 64. enjoy oneself 感到自如, 65. leave the moon’ s gravity 摆脱月球引力 66. come back to…回到……

Unit 5
frost on the ground 地上覆盖了一层薄霜 around noon 中午时分, the most wealthy and biggest city in Canada 加拿大最大最富有的城市 leave for…离开去…… go on a tour of the city 继续在市内游览一番 go up the tower 登上塔顶 look across the lake 俯瞰湖面 flow into…流人…… flow over…流经…… on one’s way to…在去……的路上 a covered stadium 加顶的运动场 walk north 向北走 phone… from a telephone booth 到电话亭给……打电话 have dinner in downtown Chinatown 在市内的中国城吃晚饭 move to…移居到…… meet… at…在……迎接…… get good Cantonese food 吃到好吃的广东菜 come from South China 来自中国南方 go as far as Ottawa 去到远至渥太华 about four hundred kilometers northeast of Toronto 距多伦多东北大约有 400 公里 take too long 花费的时间长 at dawn 黎明 at the train station 在火车站 have English words in small letters 有小字体的英文标注 go downtown 到市区去 be close to…,接近…… spend the afternoon in the lovely shops 整个下午在可爱的商店 visit… in…在……拜访…… sit in a café坐在咖啡馆 look over…眺望…… sit down with…和……坐在一起 on a train trip across…坐着火车上横穿…… have a French culture 具有法国 文化 speed along the river toward…沿着河流驶向…… dream of…梦想…… on a trip 在旅途中) on the Atlantic coast 在大西洋海岸 take the aeroplane 乘飞机 fly from… to…从……飞行到…… take the train from… to…乘火车从……到…… from west to east 从西到东 across Canada 横穿加拿大 cross the whole country 横贯整个国家 at the airport 在机场 take…to…把……带到…… catch the train 乘坐火车 on the way to…在去……的路上 see great scenery 看美丽壮观的风景 on the trip 在旅途中 go eastward 向东行驶 pass cities 经过城市 in less than five days 在不五天的时间里 from coast to coast 从一个海岸到另一个海岸 in the warmest part of…在最热的地方 be surrounded by…被……所包围 on the north 在北边 ski in the mountains 在山上滑雪 sail in the harbour 在港湾了扬帆行船 north of………的北边 settle down in the seat 落座, look out of the window at the wild scenery 从窗口看到了自然风光 a mountain goat 野山羊 a grizzly bear 大灰熊
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a famous Western festival 有名的西方节日 come from all over…全来自…… compete in ~ing 比赛做…… ride wild horses 驾驭野马 have a gift for sth/doing sth 有天资/天分做…… work with…与……共处, win…prizes 赢得……奖金, live within 320 kilometres of the USA border 居住在靠近美国 320 公里以内的边境 地带 go through…穿过…… a wheat-growing province 种植小麦的省份 thousands of square kilometers in size 面积有数千平方米 at the top end of…在……的最上首 a busy port 繁忙的港口 rush through…穿行过…Unit 1

必修 4
wake up 醒来 wander off 漫步 most of the time 大部分时间 either…or… 或……或…… each other 互相 spend…(in)doing sth 花费时间做某事 be determined to do 决定做…… think about 看法 for example 举例子 work out 得出;解决 argue for 为……辩护 argue with 与……争论/争辩 argue against 争辩…… set up (具体)设置;安装/(抽象)建立 do some research 做研究 choose to do sth. 宁愿、偏要、决定做某事 catch one’s eye 引起某人的注意 care for 照顾 be intended for/to do 为……而准备、预定 reach a doctor 找到医生 must have done 一定是;想必是 get a training 得到训练 as well as ……也 second to 次于 get sb. into 使某人进入/陷入 story after story 一个故事接着一个 day after day 一天又一天 deliver a baby 给……接生 make sure 确保 by the time 这时候 carry on 继续 be concerned about 对……关心 put…to death 处死 devote…to…把……专注 于…… rather than 不是……而是…… mean doing 意味着 mean to do 打算做…… settle down 安顿下来 apply to 应用到…… be prepared to 已经做好准备去做…… prepare to do 准备要做……

Unit2
if so 如果有…… if not 如果没有…… know about 了解 call him a farmer 称呼他为农民 in many ways 在许多方面 struggle for 为……斗争 the past five decades 过去的五十年 be born in poverty 出生贫困 graduate from 毕业于…… since then 从那以后 thanks to 由于 rid…of…使……摆脱…… be satisfied with 对……满足 lead a … life 过着……生活 care about 在意…… used to 过去常常 be used to 被用来做;习惯于 get used to 习惯于 prefer to do sth. 更喜欢做某事 wish for 欲得到、愿得到 no matter 无论 in need of 需要 refer to 谈及;提到 be rich in 富含 insist on doing 坚持做…… ready to do sth 准备好要做没某事 be against 反对 pay attention to 注意;留心 that is to say 换句说 be certain/sure to do 确信会做某事 persuade sb to do sth 说服某人干某事-结果成功 advise sb to do sth 劝说某人干某事-结果失败

Unit3
bump into 撞上(=knock into);碰见 be content with 对……满足 worse off 境况差
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astonish sb. with sth. 用某事物使某人震惊 be famous for 由于……而著名 in poverty 贫困 be well known 闻名 be set in 以……为背景 in search of 寻找 pick up 捡起 be caught in 被困在…… pick out (用个人喜好或希望进行)挑选 cut off 切下 star in 表演 turn into 变为 ask for 要求…… no more than 不超过 come across 走过来;偶然碰到 break down 把……分解/弄碎;损坏 fall over 摔翻 fall down 倒塌 do well in ……(方面)做得好 make a cup of tea 泡茶 bring out 取出;阐明 bring in 引入 a sense of ……观念

Unit4
be interested in 对……感兴趣 look around 四周张望 send sb. to do 派遣某人…… even if 尽管 meet with(=come into)偶然碰到 may have done 某事可能已经做了(或发生) reach out…for… 伸出……去…… not all 不是所有 spoken language 口语 close to 靠近 be likely to 有可能…… introduce sth. to sb. 向某人介绍…… not…nor…既不……也不…… shake hands with(=shake one’s hand)与某人握手 all kinds of 多种多样的…… be similar to 与……相似 at ease 安逸 up and down 上下 protect sb from V-ing/sth 从……保护某人 with your hands a little open 手微微张开 be willing to 愿意去做…… look sb. in the eye 正视/直视某人 take action 采取行动 watch out 小心 Unit5 provide sb. with…提供…… a bit 一会儿;一点儿 such as 如…… a variety of 各种各样的…… charge…for…向……收费 be based on 以……为基础 not just 不仅仅 along with 连同……;伴随…… come to life 活跃起来 have sth done 使得……;让……被做 be named after 以……命名 be different from 与……不同 get close to 靠近 learn about(=learn of)学习;得知;听到 take an active part in 积极参与 face to face 面对面 try out 试验 large amounts of/a large amount of 大量(不可数) point out 指出 at least 至少

高中英语必修 5 短语

Unit 1 Great scientists
1. put forward 提出 2. draw a conclusion 得出结论 3. be/get under control 在……控制下 be/get out of control 失去控制,不能操纵 4. be absorbed in 专心 5. be to blame 应该受责备(用主动形式表示被动) blame sb. for sth. 因某事责备某人 6. in addition 也,另外,此外 7. link...to... 将…和…连接或联系起来 8. die of 因…而死亡(内因) die from 因…而死亡(外因) 9. lead to 导致,通向 10. make sense 有意义,说得通 11. apart from 除…之外,此外 12. contribute to 为…作贡献或捐款,导致,有助于 13. be enthusiastic about 对…热情 14. be curious about 对…好奇 15. cure sb. of illness 治好某人…病 16. point of view 态度,观点,看法 17.(be)strict with sb. 对某人要求严格 Unit 2 The United Kingdom 1. consist of 由……组成 2. divide…into… 把……分成 3. at war (with…) (与……)交战中 4. break away ( from… ) 挣托(束缚);脱离
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5. educational / legal system 教育 / 立法制度 6. have a good / bad influence on … 对……有好/ 坏影响 7. take the place of 代替 8. break down (机器)破坏,损坏;(人)身体出毛病;(计 划等)受挫,失败 9. make an error 出错 10. leave out 省去;遗漏;不考虑 11. puzzle over / about 为…烦恼,困扰 12. debate sth. with sb. 与某人讨论、争辩 13. at your convenience 在你方便的时候 14. in / with relation to (介)关于……;和……相关 15. under construction 在建设中

Unit 3

Life in the Future

1. make a deep/strong impression on sb. 给某人留下深刻印象 impress sb. with sth.= impress sth. on sb.使人记住某事 2. take up 拿起/占用/接受/开始/从事/继续/选修 speed up 加速 sweep up 打扫 / 横扫 /掠过 use up 用光 come up 过来 eat up 吃光 sit up 熬夜 / 坐正 turn up 出现 / 开大(音/水量) remind sb. of sth. 使某人回想起某事 /提醒某人某事 remind sb. to do sth. 提醒某人去做某事 remind sb. that … 提醒某人…… 4. as a result (of…) 结果 5. suffer from 遭受 6. be similar to 和…相似 7. keep doing sth. 一直做某事 8. the six of us 我们六人(共六人) 9. by/ for /through +( the / a ) lack of… 由于……的缺乏 be lacking in 缺乏(品质 /特点) lack for …(否定句) 缺乏…… 10. in no time 很快,立刻 11. on one’s feet (从病痛或挫折中)复原 12. in all directions 四面八方 13. Sb. lose / catch sight of …. 看不见 / 看见 Sb. / Sth. be in / out of sight 看得见 / 看不见 at first sight 第一眼 at the sight of… 一看见……就…… 14. provided A with B 向 A 提供 B 15. plenty of + [u] / [c] 许多 16. be previous to … 早于…… 17. compare A with B compare A to B 把 A 与 B 作比较,把 A 比喻作 B 18. for health reasons 出于健康原因 19. bend the rules 变通,放宽 20. on earth 究竟,到底 21. be under repair 在维修中 22. search for … 寻找

Unit 4

Making the News

I. Phrases 1. be curious about 对……感到好奇 2.be to do 必将 / 将要 / 应该 3.go out on a story 外出采访 4. on one’s own 独自,*自己 of one’s own 自己的…… 5. concentrate on 集中精力于…… 6. be of interest = be interesting 有趣的 7. bring …with … 随身携带 8. have a nose for… 对……非常敏感 9. depend on 依赖 10. a trick of the trade 职业诀窍 11. accuse sb. of sth.= charge sb. with sth. 指控某人做某事 12. so as to do sth.(句中) 为了…… 13. be supposed to have done 理应当 / 被认为做过某事 14. look forward to (doing) sth. 盼望做某事 15. be eager to do sth. /for sth. 渴望做……/…… 16. get the wrong end of the stick 完全搞错了 17. tell the whole truth 说出全部真相
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18. ahead of 在……前头 19. set (out)to do/ set about doing 着手做某事 20. pass… on to… 把……传递给…… 21. make an appointment with sb. 与某人约会,预约 22. polish the style 润色语言风格 23. be / get absorbed in 专心于,集中精力于 24. in turn 依次,逐个地 25. defend…against… 为某人辩护 26. note down 记下 27.cover sth. / interview sb.报道某事 / 采访某人 28. do some research on… 对……做调查 29. work on 从事 30. last of all 最后 31. on purpose / by accident 故意地 / 偶然,意外地 32. arrange an interview (with sb. )安排采访 33. stick to 坚持 34. A rather than B A 而不是 B 35. account for 解释 36. through sb.’s analysis 通过某人的分析

Unit 5 First aid
1. give / offer / do first aid to sb perform / carry out first aid on sb. 对某人实施急救 2. fall ill 生病 3. get injured / infected / burned 受伤 / 感染 / 烧伤 4. save one’s life 挽救某人的生命 5. sense of touch 触觉 6. electric shock 触电;电休克 7. take off 脱下;(飞机)起飞 8. squeeze out 榨出;挤出 9. over and over again 反复;多次 10. in place 在适当的位置;适当 11. put one’s hands on 找到 12. present sb. with sth. present sth. to sb. 赠予/ 给予某人某物 13. a piece of jewellery 一件珠宝 14. cause / do damage to…. 使……受到危害/ 损害 15. a number of +n. (pl. ) 若干;许多 16. stick sth. to… 贴在…….上 17. make a difference 区别 18. assist sb. in /with sth. = assist sb. in doing sth. = assist sb. to do sth. 帮忙,协助某人去做某事 19. go soft 变软 20. speak in whisper 低声地说 21. be optimistic about … 对……乐观 22. switch on / off the power 开 /关电源 23.explain to sb. sth.= explain sth. to sb. 向某人解释某事 24. give off 发出(光/热等) 25. get / be caught in … 被困在……中 26. require sb. to do sth. =require that sb. (should ) do sth.要求某人做某事 Sth. require doing / to be done 某物需要被 27. be supposed to do 应该 28. be equipped with … 装备有……

29. be essential for / to … 对……是必要的

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