语态、功能 形式 不定式 动名词 现在分词 过去分词 主动语态 一般式 to do doing doing 进行式 to be doing 完成式 to have done having done having done done 以上非谓语动词所有
形式的否定式都是在最前面加 “not” 被动语态 一般式 to be done being done being done 完成式 to have been done having been done having been done 主 √ √ 句法功能 宾 √ √ 表 √ √ √ √ 定 √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 补 √ 状 √
考点二、不定式、动名词作宾语的区别： 1. 有些动词只能用不定式作宾语。 决心学会想希望 (determine/decide, learn, want, hope/wish/expect)设法拒绝别假装 (refuse, manage, pretend) 主动许诺选计划 (offer, promise, choose, plan/intend) 同意请求碰巧帮 (agree, ask/demand/beg, happen, help) 2. 有些动词只用动名词作宾语。 避免错过少延期（avoid, miss，delay/postpone/put off）建议完成多练习（suggest/advise, finish, practice） 喜欢想象禁不住（enjoy, imagine, can’t help）承认否定和嫉妒（admit, deny, envy） 逃脱冒险莫原谅（escape, risk, excuse）忍受欣赏别介意（stand, appreciate, mind） 记住动词+ing, 坚持反复不放弃。 （insist, insist on, keep, stick to, give up） 3. 有些动词后跟不定式和动名词都可以，但有差别。 remember/forget/regret ; stop/go on ; try/mean ; can’t help ; need/want/require/deserve 考题印证： ①【2012 届河北省邯郸市高三第一次模拟考试】24. I appreciated the opportunity to study abroad two years ago. A. to have given B. to have been given C. having given D. having been given ②【2012届贵州师大附中高三年级检测】17. When the customer caught the shop owner ______ him, she stopped ______ things there and started dealing with another shop. A. cheating; to buy B. to cheat; buying C. cheating; buying D. to cheat; to buy ③-- Robert is indeed a wise man. -- Oh, yes. How often I have regretted ____ his advice! A. to take B. taking C. not to take D. not taking 考点三、不定式、现在分词、过去分词作宾补的区别： 特别注意下列动词的宾补形式；六使五视两听一感觉 （make, let, have, get, keep, leave; look at, watch, see, notice, observe; listen to, hear; feel）和 with 的宾补。 考题印证：①【2012 届吉林省吉林市高三第二次模拟】34. Mary had to go to a meeting，so she left her children _________ at home. A. playing B. played C. to play D. having played ②(2011 重庆) Michael put up a picture of Yao Ming beside the bed to keep himself of his own dreams. A. reminding B. to remind C. reminded D. remind ③(2011 陕西) Claire had her luggage an hour before her plane left.
A. check B. checking C. to check D. checked 考点四、不定式、现在分词、过去分词作定语的区别： 考题印证： ① 【2012 届河北省普通高考模拟】 30． The 30th Olympic Games， officially ______ as “London 2012 Olympic Games”，will take place from July 27 to August 12． A. know B. to know C. known D. knowing ② 【2012 届四川省成都石室中学高三二诊模拟】 18． It's reported that 289 more trains were added ___ passengers on Sunday to meet the needs of those ___ home for the Spring Festival． A．to take; returning B．taking; returning C．taken; to return D．take: returned ③Friends are like leaves, ___ everywhere, but true friends are like diamonds, precious and rare． A．to find B．finding C．found D．being found ④【2012 届河南省郑州市高三第二次质量预测】31. Shanghai Disneyland Park, _______ in 2015 , will attract tourists from all over China then. A. to have been completed B. being completed C. completed D. to be completed ⑤【2012 届广西桂林市、崇左市、百色市、防城港市高考联合调研】31．Don’t you think the 29th Olympic Games in Beijing in 2008 was a great success? A．hold B．holding C．held D．to be held ⑥ (2011 山东) Look over there—there’s a very long, winding path up to the house. A. leading B. leads C. led D. to lead 考点五、不定式、现在分词、过去分词作状语的区别： ※ 特别提示：非谓语动词作状语，其逻辑主语都是句子主语，两者逻辑上存在主谓或动宾关系。 1.不定式作状语常表示：目的、出乎意料的结果(常和 only 连用)；现在分词也可作结果状语，表 自然而然的结果。 2. 分词作状语形式的选择：看两个关系：① 非谓语动词与逻辑主语的关系：主动/被动 ②非谓语动词与谓语动词的时间先后 考题印证：①【2012 届保定市高三第一次模拟】29. Prices began to climb noticeably last year， ___________a historical high in November. A. hit B. to hit C. hitting D. being hit ②【2012 届北京海淀区高三一模】26. Some seemingly harmless blogs might become harmful when _____ on the Internet by millions of people. A. to rea d B. reading C. read D. being read ③【2012 届山西太原五中 4 月月考】 26. ---Where is Mom? --- She is downstairs ______ prepared for the tea party. A. to get B. getting C. to be getting D. having got ④(2011 天津) into English, the sentence was found to have an entirely different word order. A. Translating B. Translated C. To translate D. Having translated ⑤（山东省潍坊市三县市 2012 届高三上学期联合考试英语）______ 2010 in China, the number of
students ______ to study art is rising a lot. A．Compared with; choosing B．Comparing to; choose C．Comparing with; chosen D．Compared to; chosen 考点五、谓语动词与独立主格结构： 构成 特点 作用 名词/代词 + 分词/不定式/名词/形容词/副词/介词短语等。 ① 逻辑主语与句子主语不同，独立存在 ② 一般有逗号与句子隔开。 在句中作状语（时间、原因、条件、方式、伴随） 、定语、同位语
①【2012 全国新课程】28. The party will be held in the garden, weather . A. permitting B. to permit C. permitted D. permit ②(2011 浙江) Bats are surprisingly long-lived creatures, some a life span of around 20 years. A. having B. had C. have D. to have 【2012 真题放送】 1.【2012 全国卷 II】⒑Tony lent me the money, ___ that I’d do as much for him. A. hoping B. to hope C. hoped D. having hoped 2. 【2012 全国卷 II】 ⒖The old man sat in front of the television every evening, happy ___ anything that happened to be on. A. to watch B. watching C. watched D. to have watched 3.【2012 安徽】24. I remembered the door before I left the office, but forgot to turn off the lights. A. locking B. to lock C. having locked D. to have locked 4.【2012 安徽】30. When for his views about his teaching job, Philip said he found it very interesting and rewarding. A. asking B. asked C. having asked D. to be asked 5.【2012 重庆】23. ______to work overtime that evening, I missed a wonderful film. A. Having been asked B. To ask C. Having asked D. To be asked 6. 【2012 重庆】28. We’re having a meeting in half an hour. The decision ______at the meeting will influence the future of our company. A. to be made B. being made C. made D. having been made 7.【2012 全国】28. The party will be held in the garden, weather . A. permitting B. to permit C. permitted D. permit 8. 【2012 全国】 32. Film has a much shorter history, especially when_ such art forms as music and painting. A. having compared to B. comparing to C. compare to D. compared to 9.【2012 北京】23. One learns a language by making mistakes and ______ them. A. corrects B. correct C. to correct D. correcting 10.【2012 北京】27. _______ with care, one tin will last for six weeks. A. Use B. Using C. Used D. To use 11.【2012 北京】31. ______ at the door before you enter my room, please. A. Knock B. Knocking C. Knocked D. To knock 12.【2012 福建】28. China recently tightened its waters controls near the Huangyan Island to prevent Chinese fishing boats from ________ in the South China Sea. A. attacking B. having attacking C. being attacked D. having been attacked
13.【2012 福建】34. Pressed from his parents, and ____ that he has wasted too much time, the boy is determined to stop playing video games. A. realizing B. realized C. to realize D. being realized 14.【2012 陕西】15. _______ in a long queue, we waited for the store to open to buy a New iPad. A. Standing B. To stand C. Stood D. Stand 15. 【2012 陕西】 22. If he takes on this work, he will have no choice but _____ an even greater challenge. A. meets B. meeting C. meet D. to meet 16.【2012 山东】26. George returned after the war, only _______ that his wife had left him. A. to be told B. telling C. being told D. told 17. 【2012 山东】 35. After completing and signing it, please return the form to us in the envelope _____. A. providing B. provided C. having provided D. provide 18. 【2012 湖南】 21. We’ve had a good start, but next, more work needs ____ to achieve the final success. A. being done B. do C. to be done D. to do 19. 【2012 湖南】 23. Time, ______ correctly, is money in the bank. A. to use B. used C. using D. use 20.【2012 湖南】31. The lecture, _____ at 7:00 pm last night, was followed by an observation of the moon with telescopes. A. starting B. being starting C. to start D. to be started 21.【2012 天津】11. He got up late and hurried to his office, ______ the breakfast untouched. A. left B. to leave C. leaving D. having left 22.【2012 江西】33. Having finished her project, she was invited by the school _____ to the new students. A. speaking B. having spoken C. to speak D. to have spoken 23.【2012 江西】35. John has really got the job because he showed me the official letter _____ him it. A. offered B. offering C. to offer D. to be offered 24.【2012 辽宁】25. The old couple often take a walk after super in the park with their pet dog ____. A. to follow B. following C. followed D. follows 25.【2012 辽宁】29. This machine is very easy ______. Anybody can learn to use it in a few minutes. A. operating B. to be operating C. operated D. to operate 26.【2012 四川】6. Tom took a taxi to the airport, only _____ his plane high up in the sky. A. finding B. to find C. being found D. to have found 27.【2012 四川】8. I looked up and noticed a snake ______ its way up the tree to catch its breakfast. A. to wind B. wind C. winding D. wound 28.【2012 四川】12. Before driving into the city, you are required to get your car ____. A. washed B. wash C. washing D. to wash 29.【2012 浙江】3. No matter how bright a talker you are, there are times when it’s better ____ silent. A. remain B. be remaining C. having remained D. to remain 30.【2012 浙江】8. I think Tom, as the head of a big department, should either study regularly or ____ his job. A. quits B. to quit C. quitting D. quit 31.【2012 浙江】11. “It’s such a nice place,” Mother said as she sat at the table _____ for customers. A. to be reserved B. having reserved C. reserving D. reserved 32.【2012 江苏】31. ______ an important decision more on emotion than on reason, you will regret it soon or later. A. Based B. Basing C. Base D. To base
Key: 1-5 AABBA 6-10 AADDC 11-15. ACAAD 16-20 ABCBA 21-25. CCBBD 26-32 BCADD DB 4