一、关于宾语 1.动作的承受者，一般放在及物动词后面。 如：Our team beat all the others. 2.有时为了强调，宾语也可以放在句首， 如：Two weeks you shall have . 3.名词作宾语 Face the facts! 4.代词作宾语 They won’t hurt us. 5. 数词作宾语 If you add
5 to 5, you get 10 二、用法 宾语是句子的一个重要成分，它可以由名词、代词、名词短语或句子充当。当 一个句子充当宾语时，这个句子就叫做宾语从句。 三、结构 1、主句+ that（无词义，可省略）+从句（陈述句语序） 2、主句+ whether / if （是否）+从句（陈述句语序） 3、主句+疑问词+从句（陈述句语序） 四、引导词 引导宾语从句的引导词按所引导的句子结构特点可以分为三类。 1、that 原句如果是陈述句，变宾语从句时要用 that 引导，that 无实义，只起到引 导的作用。在口语和非正式文体中常可省略。 如:(1)I think (that) I can sell newspapers. (2) I know (that) he is a Canadian athlete. (3) Do you think (that) the children need to write. (4)Maria says (that) she doesn’t like the uniforms. 2、whether/if 原句若是一般疑问句，变宾语从句时用 whether /if 引导，whether /if 意为“是否”。 如： (1)I want to know whether / if people will leave as soon as they finish eating in western countries. (2)Could you tell me if /whether it’s polite to speak loudly at the table ? (3) I don’t know if/whether you are right. 注意：whether/if 引导的宾语从句用法区别——用 whether /if “是否”引导的宾语从 句，通常情况下 whether /if 可以互换。 但以下情况 whether 不能 用 if 换：
（1）后面紧跟有 or not 时。如： I don’t know whether or not it rains. I wonder whether we stay or whether wego． （2）在介词之后用 whether。如： I'm interested in whether he likes English． I worry about whether I hurt her feelings． （3）在不定式前用 whether。如： He hasn't decided whether to visit the old man． I don't know whether to go． 。 He hasn't decided whether to go by bus or by train． （4）whether 引导主语从句位于句首首时。如： Whether they will go by air or by train hasn’t decided. （5）有些动词 (如：discuss) 后面只能跟 whether，不能跟 if。 如： We discussed whether we should let him join our team. 。 （6）whether 可以与虚词 it 连用，并可引导不定式，但 if 不能这样用。 如： It’s not clear whether he will be able to come。 （7）引导主语从句和表语从句时宜用 whether。如： Whether she will come or not is still a question． The question is whether we can catch the bus． （8）若用 if 会引起歧义时，则用 whether。如： Please let me know if you like the book．可理解为： a．Please let me know whether you like the book． b．If you like the book，please let me know． 3、疑问词引导的宾语从句 原句如果是特殊疑问句，变宾语从句时要用特殊疑问词引导。疑问词包括疑问代词 （what, which, who, whose) 和疑问副词（when, how, where, why)。 如： Do you know who that man is over there ? You may ask what North American people wear on special days. I ask Tom which Chinese dish is his favorite. I don’t know who will come to the English corner. Can you tell me how you deal with the problem ? Can you tell me where they are ? I ask him why his hot dogs are so popular. 五、语序
使用陈述句语序。 四种： （1）连接词＋谓语。 连接词在从句中作主语。常见的连接词有： who，what，which 等。如： Could you tell me who knows the answer，please？ The small children don't know what is in their stockings． （2）连接词＋名词＋谓语。 连接词在从句中作主语的定语。常见的连接词有：whose，what，which，how many， how much 等。如： He asked whose handwriting was the best in our class. The teacher asked us how many people there were in the room． （3）连接词＋主语＋谓语。连接词在从句中作宾语、状语或表语。 常见的连接词有：who（m） ，what，which，how many，how much， when，why， how，where，if ／whether（在句中不充当任何成分）等。如： He hasn't decided if he'll go on a trip to Wuxi． Could you tell me what I should do with the money ？ （4）连接词＋名词＋主语＋谓语。连接词在从句中作宾语或表语的定语。常见的连 接词有：what，which，how many，how much，how 等。如： Do you know which class he is in ？ She asked me if I knew whose pen it was 六、时态一致的问题 （1）如果主句是一般现在时，从句可根据需要选用相应的任何时态。如： I don't know when he will come back． He tells me that his sister came back yesterday． （2）如果主句是过去时，宾语从句只可根据需要选用过去时态即一般过 去时、过去进行时、过去将来时或过去完成时的某一种形式。如： The children didn't know who he was． He asked his father how it happened． （3）如果宾语从句所表示的是客观事实、普遍真理、自然现象或习惯性动作等，不 管主句用什么时态，从句时态都用一般现在时。如： The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun．
高中宾语从句练习题及答案详解 1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. Which B. where C. what D. in which 2.Do you know the man _______? A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke 3.This is the hotel _______last month.
A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed 4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? A. which B. that C. when D. on which 5.That is the day ______I'll never forget. A. which B. on which C. in which D. when 6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here. A. where B. to which C. which D. in which 7.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working. A. where B. that C. which D. there 8.This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked 9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day? A. about which you talked B. which you talked C. about that you talked D. that you talked 10.The pen ______he is writing is mine. A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which 11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy. A. whom B. who C. which D. that 12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. A. to whom B. on whom C. with which D. with whom 13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? A. who B. who's C. which D. whose 14.I'm interested in ______you have said. A. all that B. all what C. that D. which 15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. A. which B. who C. what D. as 16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be. A. who B. whom C. that D. as 17.He is good at English, ______we all know. A. that B. as C. whom D. what 18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much.
A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him 19.I don't like ______ as you read. A. the novels B. the such novels C. such novels D. same novels 20.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school. A. which B. that C. whom D. what 21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. A. which B. that C. whom D. who 22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women. A. them B. which C. whom D. who 23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D./; who 24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now. A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that 25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what 26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. A. that B. which C. as D. it 27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together. A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when 28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. A. which B. whose C. what D./ 29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which 30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly. A. after which I have looked B. which I have looked after C. that I have looked after D. I have looked after 31.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. A. why; that B.that;why C. for that;that D.for which;what 32.He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam. A.that B.which C.for which D.who 33.That is not the way ______I do it. A./ B.which C. for which D. with which
34.I have two grammars, ______are of great use. A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which 35.I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago. A. as was B. which was C. as were D. which 36.My neighbors used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them. A. who B. which C. that D. it 37.This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph. A. that B. which C. from that D. from which 38.He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done. A. that B. which C. who D. as 39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes. A. / B. why C. when D. whose 40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular. A. that B. which C. it D. though 41. --- Did you ask the guard _______ happened? --- Yes, he told me all _______ he knew. A. what; that B. what; what C. which; which D. that; that 42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which 43. The number of the people who _______ cars _______ increasing. A. owns; are B. owns; is C. own; is D. own; are 44. During the days ________, he worked as a servant at the Browns. A. followed B. following C. to follow D. that followed 45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it 46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside house. A. which; what B. through which; what C. through that; what D. what; that 47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week? A. this school B. this the school C. this school one D. this school where 48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected. A. as B. that C. what D. who