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高中英语宾语从句详解


宾语从句
一、关于宾语 1.动作的承受者,一般放在及物动词后面。 如:Our team beat all the others. 2.有时为了强调,宾语也可以放在句首, 如:Two weeks you shall have . 3.名词作宾语 Face the facts! 4.代词作宾语 They won’t hurt us. 5. 数词作宾语 If you add

5 to 5, you get 10 二、用法 宾语是句子的一个重要成分,它可以由名词、代词、名词短语或句子充当。当 一个句子充当宾语时,这个句子就叫做宾语从句。 三、结构 1、主句+ that(无词义,可省略)+从句(陈述句语序) 2、主句+ whether / if (是否)+从句(陈述句语序) 3、主句+疑问词+从句(陈述句语序) 四、引导词 引导宾语从句的引导词按所引导的句子结构特点可以分为三类。 1、that 原句如果是陈述句,变宾语从句时要用 that 引导,that 无实义,只起到引 导的作用。在口语和非正式文体中常可省略。 如:(1)I think (that) I can sell newspapers. (2) I know (that) he is a Canadian athlete. (3) Do you think (that) the children need to write. (4)Maria says (that) she doesn’t like the uniforms. 2、whether/if 原句若是一般疑问句,变宾语从句时用 whether /if 引导,whether /if 意为“是否”。 如: (1)I want to know whether / if people will leave as soon as they finish eating in western countries. (2)Could you tell me if /whether it’s polite to speak loudly at the table ? (3) I don’t know if/whether you are right. 注意:whether/if 引导的宾语从句用法区别——用 whether /if “是否”引导的宾语从 句,通常情况下 whether /if 可以互换。 但以下情况 whether 不能 用 if 换:

(1)后面紧跟有 or not 时。如: I don’t know whether or not it rains. I wonder whether we stay or whether wego. (2)在介词之后用 whether。如: I'm interested in whether he likes English. I worry about whether I hurt her feelings. (3)在不定式前用 whether。如: He hasn't decided whether to visit the old man. I don't know whether to go. 。 He hasn't decided whether to go by bus or by train. (4)whether 引导主语从句位于句首首时。如: Whether they will go by air or by train hasn’t decided. (5)有些动词 (如:discuss) 后面只能跟 whether,不能跟 if。 如: We discussed whether we should let him join our team. 。 (6)whether 可以与虚词 it 连用,并可引导不定式,但 if 不能这样用。 如: It’s not clear whether he will be able to come。 (7)引导主语从句和表语从句时宜用 whether。如: Whether she will come or not is still a question. The question is whether we can catch the bus. (8)若用 if 会引起歧义时,则用 whether。如: Please let me know if you like the book.可理解为: a.Please let me know whether you like the book. b.If you like the book,please let me know. 3、疑问词引导的宾语从句 原句如果是特殊疑问句,变宾语从句时要用特殊疑问词引导。疑问词包括疑问代词 (what, which, who, whose) 和疑问副词(when, how, where, why)。 如: Do you know who that man is over there ? You may ask what North American people wear on special days. I ask Tom which Chinese dish is his favorite. I don’t know who will come to the English corner. Can you tell me how you deal with the problem ? Can you tell me where they are ? I ask him why his hot dogs are so popular. 五、语序

使用陈述句语序。 四种: (1)连接词+谓语。 连接词在从句中作主语。常见的连接词有: who,what,which 等。如: Could you tell me who knows the answer,please? The small children don't know what is in their stockings. (2)连接词+名词+谓语。 连接词在从句中作主语的定语。常见的连接词有:whose,what,which,how many, how much 等。如: He asked whose handwriting was the best in our class. The teacher asked us how many people there were in the room. (3)连接词+主语+谓语。连接词在从句中作宾语、状语或表语。 常见的连接词有:who(m) ,what,which,how many,how much, when,why, how,where,if /whether(在句中不充当任何成分)等。如: He hasn't decided if he'll go on a trip to Wuxi. Could you tell me what I should do with the money ? (4)连接词+名词+主语+谓语。连接词在从句中作宾语或表语的定语。常见的连 接词有:what,which,how many,how much,how 等。如: Do you know which class he is in ? She asked me if I knew whose pen it was 六、时态一致的问题 (1)如果主句是一般现在时,从句可根据需要选用相应的任何时态。如: I don't know when he will come back. He tells me that his sister came back yesterday. (2)如果主句是过去时,宾语从句只可根据需要选用过去时态即一般过 去时、过去进行时、过去将来时或过去完成时的某一种形式。如: The children didn't know who he was. He asked his father how it happened. (3)如果宾语从句所表示的是客观事实、普遍真理、自然现象或习惯性动作等,不 管主句用什么时态,从句时态都用一般现在时。如: The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.
高中宾语从句练习题及答案详解 1.The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. Which B. where C. what D. in which 2.Do you know the man _______? A. whom I spoke B. to who spoke C. I spoke to D. that I spoke 3.This is the hotel _______last month.

A. which they stayed B. at that they stayed C. where they stayed at D. where they stayed 4.Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? A. which B. that C. when D. on which 5.That is the day ______I'll never forget. A. which B. on which C. in which D. when 6.The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here. A. where B. to which C. which D. in which 7.Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working. A. where B. that C. which D. there 8.This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked 9.Can you lend me the book ______the other day? A. about which you talked B. which you talked C. about that you talked D. that you talked 10.The pen ______he is writing is mine. A. with which B. in which C. on which D. by which 11.They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy. A. whom B. who C. which D. that 12.The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. A. to whom B. on whom C. with which D. with whom 13.It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? A. who B. who's C. which D. whose 14.I'm interested in ______you have said. A. all that B. all what C. that D. which 15.I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. A. which B. who C. what D. as 16.He isn't such a man ______he used to be. A. who B. whom C. that D. as 17.He is good at English, ______we all know. A. that B. as C. whom D. what 18.Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much.

A. I went with B. with whom I went C. with who I went D.I went with him 19.I don't like ______ as you read. A. the novels B. the such novels C. such novels D. same novels 20.He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school. A. which B. that C. whom D. what 21.The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. A. which B. that C. whom D. who 22.In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women. A. them B. which C. whom D. who 23.You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. A. who;/ B./; whom C. whom;/ D./; who 24.I lost a book, ______I can't remember now. A. whose title B. its title C. the title of it D. the title of that 25.Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. A. for which B. for that C. in which D. what 26.I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. A. that B. which C. as D. it 27.I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together. A. when; which B. which; when C. what; that D. on which; when 28.The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. A. which B. whose C. what D./ 29.This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. A. in which B. with which C. that D. for which 30.This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly. A. after which I have looked B. which I have looked after C. that I have looked after D. I have looked after 31.The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. A. why; that B.that;why C. for that;that D.for which;what 32.He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam. A.that B.which C.for which D.who 33.That is not the way ______I do it. A./ B.which C. for which D. with which

34.I have two grammars, ______are of great use. A. all of which B. either of which C. both of that D. both of which 35.I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago. A. as was B. which was C. as were D. which 36.My neighbors used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them. A. who B. which C. that D. it 37.This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph. A. that B. which C. from that D. from which 38.He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done. A. that B. which C. who D. as 39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes. A. / B. why C. when D. whose 40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular. A. that B. which C. it D. though 41. --- Did you ask the guard _______ happened? --- Yes, he told me all _______ he knew. A. what; that B. what; what C. which; which D. that; that 42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which 43. The number of the people who _______ cars _______ increasing. A. owns; are B. owns; is C. own; is D. own; are 44. During the days ________, he worked as a servant at the Browns. A. followed B. following C. to follow D. that followed 45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it 46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside house. A. which; what B. through which; what C. through that; what D. what; that 47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week? A. this school B. this the school C. this school one D. this school where 48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected. A. as B. that C. what D. who


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