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Book2 Unit3 Words and expressions 学案


Book2 Unit3 Words and expressions 学案
制作人:郗广俊 【教学目标】熟记词汇的音、形、意,学会适当运用重点单词和短语。 【教学重点、难点】活学活用重点词汇、短语。 【课时安排】2 课时 StepⅠ 课前预习 1、预习并熟记本单元词汇的音、形、意。 2、预习并完成学案中预设的题目,以达到课堂上有的放矢、高效学习的目的。 (一)预习基本单词

1.____________ adj.人造的;假的 2.____________ vt.解决;解答 3.____________ adv.(也作 anyway)无论如何;即使如此 4.____________ n.目标;目的;球门;(进球)得分 5.____________ vi.& vt.发信号(n.)信号 6.____________ n.类型 vt.& vi.打字 7.____________ vi.出现;发生 8.____________ n.性格;特点 (二) 预习派生单词 9.____________ vt.简化→____________adj.简单的 10.____________ n.智力;聪明;智能→____________adj.智能的;聪明的 11 . ____________ adj. 私 人 的 ; 个 人 的 ; 亲 自 的 →__________adv. 就 个 人 而 言 ; 亲 →____________n.个性;人格;人物;名人 12. ____________ adj.总的; 整个的 n. 总数; 合计 vt.共计; 总计; 加起来→____________adv. 完全地;整个地 13 . ____________ n . 应 用 ; 用 途 ; 申 请 →____________v . 应 用 ; 涉 及 ; 申 请 →____________n.申请人;求职人 14.____________ n.金融;财经→____________adj.财政的;金融的;资金的 15 . ____________ vt.& vi. 探 索 ; 探 测 ; 探 究 →____________n . 探 险 家 ; 勘 探 者 →____________n.探索 (三)预习短语 1.从……时起 from then________ 2.结果________a result 3.时光流逝;顺便拜访 go________ 4.在某种程度上________a way 5.弥补;打扮;编造;构成 make________ 6.毕竟________all 7.在……的帮助下________ the help of 8.处理;安排;对付 deal________ 9.看守;监视 watch ________ StepⅡ.课堂研讨与展示: 重点单词 1.solve vt.解决;解答 In 1936 my real father,Alan Turning,wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a

“universal machine” to solve any difficult mathematical problem.(P18) 1936 年,我真正的父亲,艾伦· 图灵写了一本书,讲述了怎样使我成为一台“通用机器” 来解决任何数学难题。 Charlie thinks money will solve all his problems. 查理认为金钱会解决他所有的问题。(朗文) Have you solved all the problems in the examination? 你答对所有的考试题了吗? 【归纳拓展】① solve a difficulty 解决困难 ② solve a problem in maths 解答数学问题 ③ solution to the problem 问题的解决方案/法 a 【即时应用】完成句子 (1)He is trying to ____________________(解决一个数学难题). (2)There are no simple ____________(解决方案)the problem of overpopulation. 2.total adj.总的;整个的 n. 总数;合计 v. 总数为;总共达 The plan was a total failure. 那项计划完全失败了。 They were jailed for a total of thirty years. 他们在牢里共被关了 30 年。 The losses totalled $ 3 million. 损失总计达 300 万美元。 【归纳拓展】① total of 总共…… a ② total 加起来 in ③ totally adv.完全地;整个地 ④ total=add up to=come to=amount to (数字总计)达到…… I totally agree with you. 我完全同意你的看法。 3.anyhow adv.(也作 anyway)无论如何;即使如此 Anyhow,my goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality.(P18) 不管怎么说,我的目标是给人类提供高质量的生活。 The shop is closed now,anyhow. 不管怎么说,那家商店现在关门了。 Martin's not feeling too well but he's going to come over anyhow. 马丁觉得不太舒服,但他无论如何要来。 【归纳拓展】anyhow 的用法: ① “无论如何,不管怎样”。作此意讲时,anyhow 和 anyway 一样,都用作让步状语,一般置 于句中(其前常有连词 but)或句末。 ② “况且,更何况,再说,至少”。作此意讲时,可用来作状语,对前面的话作补充,给出一 个令人信服的理由,此时 anyhow 常出现在句首或最后的分句之首,而不出现在句末。 ③ “胡乱地,随意地”。作此意讲时,anyhow 不可与 anyway 互换。 【温馨提醒】 somehow 意为“以某种方式;不知怎么地”,与 anyhow 的意义不同。如: Somehow,I don't feel I can trust him. 不知怎么地,我觉得不能信任他。 【即时应用】 用 anyhow/anyway/somehow 填空 (1)There is little chance that we will win the game.______________, are still in very high we spirits. (2)He could have finished the task on time,but __________ he fell behind this time. 4.goal n.目标,目的;球门;(进球)得分

We've achieved our goal of building a shelter for the homeless.我们已经实现了为无家可归 者建庇护所的目标。 It's in—we've got a goal.球进了,我们射门得分。 The new player headed the ball into the open goal and helped the team win the match. 新队员用头把球顶入空球门,帮助球队赢了比赛 【归纳拓展】① achieve one's goal 实现某人的目标 ② longterm goal 长期目标 ③ shortterm goal 短期目标 【即时应用】 完成句子 (1)Liverpool won by ________(以二比一). (2)As a student,________(你的目标是上大学). 5.signal vi.& vt.发信号 n.信号 For example,I have learned to signal to my teammates in computer language to give me the ball when I am open and have a good shot for a goal.(P23) 例如,当我启动的时候,我可以用计算机语言向队友示意把球传给我,这样可以有一个 漂亮的射门。 The policeman signalled the traffic to move forward slowly. 警察用信号指示车辆缓慢前进。 A red flag is often used as a danger signal. 红色的旗子常被用作危险的信号。 【归纳拓展】① signal (to) sb.to do sth.发信号要某人做某事 ② signal to sb.that...用信号通知某人…… ③ signal for help 发出求救信号 ④ traffic signals 交通信号 ⑤ signal 以信号 by 词语辨析:symbol/signal/sign/mark ① symbol 指符号,象征,标志等。 ② signal 指信号,暗号或警告等。 ③ sign 表示“记号、符号”时,同“symbol”;表示“告示、牌示”时,侧重指用图画、文字表达 的告示、图示,此外还可以理解为“迹象、征兆”。 ④ mark 普通用词,含义广泛。既可指为便于辨认而有意做的标记,又可指自然形成的标记 或有别于其他事物的特征。 【即时应用】 用 symbol/sign/signal/mark 的适当形式填空 (1)Look out for a ________ to the motorway. (2)Who makes these dirty ________ on my new book? (3)She made a ________ with her arm for a left turn. (4)The dove is a ________ of peace. 6.arise vi.出现;发生;起身;起床 Then she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation arises.(P23) 接着她准备好了可行的步骤来应对新情况的出现。 How did the quarrel arise?吵架是怎么发生的? Accidents often arise from carelessness. 事故往往是由疏忽大意而引起的。 ① arise 作 “ 呈 现 ; 出 现 ; 发 生 ” 之 意 时 , 主 语 多 为 抽 象 名 词 argument/problem/quarrel/question/movement 等。 ② arise from/out_of 由……而引起,由……而产生;从……中产生 词语辨析:arise/arouse/rise/raise

原形 arise vi.出现,发生,起因于 arouse vt.唤醒,激起 rise vi.升起,起身,增长,上升 raise vt.举起,唤起,提高,饲养

过去式 arose aroused rose raised

过去分词 arisen aroused risen raised

【即时应用】 用 arise/arouse/rise/raise 的适当形式填空 (1)I thought it would be easy,but a lot of problems have ________. (2)We were watching the children ________ the national flag, saw it ________ slowly in and the wind,which ______ our patriotic(爱国的)minds. 重点短语: 1.as a result 结果 As a result I totally changed my shape.(P18) 结果我的外形完全改变了。 They didn't get enough money.As a result,they had to give up the plan. 他们没有弄到足够的钱,因此,只好放弃那项计划。 The highway will be closed and delays are likely as a result. 公路将被封闭,因此会造成一些延误。 【归纳拓展】① a result of 由于;作为……的结果 ② as without result 毫无结果地 ③ result from...由……产生 ④ result in...导致;结果;以……为结局 【即时应用】 用 as a result/as a result of/result in/result from 填空 (1)The flight was delayed ______________ fog. (2)His injuries ____________ a serious fall. (3)He works hard.____________,he is praised by all. 2.in a way 从某一角度看;在某种程度上 In a way our programmer is like our coach.(P23) 从某种程度上讲,我们的程序员就好比是我们的教练。 In a way,he has made great progress this term. 从某种程度上来说,这学期他有很大进步。 【归纳拓展】① the way 一路上;一直;完全 ② way of 经由;途经 all by ③ the way 顺便说 ④ the way 妨碍;挡路 ⑤ this way 以这种方法 by in in ⑥ no way 决不;无论如何都不 ⑦ the way 在途中 in on ⑧ one's way to...在某人去……的途中;即将成为…… on 【即时应用】 用 way 的短语完成句子 (1)He reads English every morning,and________________(以这种方式)he has had his English greatly improved. (2)______________________(在某种程度上)I can see what you mean,but I can't share your point of view. 3.deal with 处理;安排;对付;论述;谈论 This means that it should clean the house,mop the floors,cook the dinner and deal with telephone calls.(P24) 这就意味着它应该打扫房子、拖地、做饭以及接电话。 Who's dealing with the account?是谁在负责账目?

His report briefly deals with this subject. 他的报告简要地涉及到这个主题。 【归纳拓展】① deal with 在句中和 how 连用,表示怎样处理;但如果后面没有接宾语,就 只能与 what 连用,表示处理什么事。 ② with 在句中多和 what 连用,意为“处理,安排”。 do 【即时应用】用 deal with/do with 填空 (1)Children must learn how to ____________ all the situations in their life. (2)I wonder what they will ____________the used car. (3)How do you ____________ it and what should I ____________it? 4.watch over 看守;监视;照顾 It should also watch over my naughty niece,who comes to my house very often.(P24) 它还应该看护我顽皮的侄女,她经常到我家里来。 The dog watches over his master's house while the master is away. 主人不在时这条狗为它的主人看家。 【归纳拓展】① watch out (for) 当心;注意 ② on the watch for 留神;注意…… be ③ keep watch 值班;放哨 ④ keep (a) watch on...监视…… 【即时应用】用 watch out/watch over 的适当形式完成句子 (1)We are reminded to ________________________ (提防任何可能的危险)such as injuries,animal bites. (2)Speciallytrained dogs _______________________ (经常被用来照看残疾人)in big cities in Canada.

3.—What did our teacher do? —He raised his arm as a(n)________for us to stop. A.signal B.reality C.application D.goal 解析:选 A。考查名词辨析。答句句意:他抬起手臂示意我们停下。signal 意为“信号,手 势”。 1.—Do you know how many students took part in the sports meet? —About 400________. A.all together B.after all C.in total D.at total 解析:选 C。表达“总共,完全”可以使用下列短语:altogether,in all 或 in total。 4.(2010 年龙岩一检)The door and the windows were all closed and there was no________of forced entry. A.scene B.signal C.sign D.sight 解析:选 C。考查名词辨析。句意表示“门窗都关闭着,没有强行侵入的迹象”。这里 sign 表示“迹象”;scene 表示“场景,景色”;signal 表示“信号”;sight 则表示“视野”。根据句意, 选 C 项。 5.—I think he is taking an active part in social work. —I agree with you ________.

A.in a way B.on the way C.by the way D.in the way 解析:选 A。此题考查介词短语的含义。in a way 在某种程度上;on the way 在……路上, 即将成为……;by the way 在主要话题或交谈中用以插入题外的话或问题,常译为“顺便问 一下”;in the way 阻碍。 6.He is on his way to ________ a doctor after having finished his four years’ study in the university. A.become B.becoming C.became D.having become 解析:选 B。on one’s way to sth./doing sth.即将成为……,其中 to 为介词。 7.(2009 年高考全国卷Ⅱ)Jenny nearly missed the flight________doing too much shopping. A.as a result of B.on top of C.in front of D.in need of 解析:选 A。句意:由于购物花费时间太多,珍妮差点错过航班。as a result of 作为……的 结果,由于;on top of 在……之上;in front of 在……前面;in need of 需要……。 8.My friend Martin was very sick with a high fever;________,he could neither eat nor sleep. A.as a result B.after all C.anyway D.otherwise 解析:选 A。因生病而导致了后面的结果,所以选 as a result。 9.—You look so worried.What’s the matter? —I don’t know________these boring problems. A.what to deal with B.how to do with C.what can I do with D.how to deal with 解析:选 D。考查短语的用法。deal with 通常与 how 搭配,而 do with 通常与 what 搭配, C 项语序不对。故选 D。 10.With the world changing fast,we have something new________with all by ourselves every day. A.deal B.dealt C.to deal D.dealing 解析:选 C。该句为“have something to do”结构,动词不定式短语作定语。

【答案】 (1)solve a mathematical problem (2)solution to 【答案】 (1)Anyway/Anyhow (2)somehow 【答案】 (1)two goals to one (2)your goal is to go to college 【答案】 (1)sign (2)marks (3)signal (4)symbol 【答案】 (1)arisen (2)raising;rising;aroused 【答案】 (1)as a result of (2)resulted from (3)As a result 【答案】 (1)in this way (2)In a way 【答案】 (1)deal with (2)do with (3)deal with;do with 【答案】 (1)watch out for any possible danger (2)are often used to watch over the disabled


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