with 复合结构的作用 with 复合结构在句子中作状语，表示原因、时间、条件、伴随、方式等。请阅读下面的 句子。 1）We sat on the dry grass with our backs to the wall.（作伴随状语） 2）She could not leave with her painful duty unfulfille
d.（作原因状语） 3）He lay in bed with his head covered.（作方式状语） 4）Jack soon fell asleep with the light still burning.（作伴随状语） 5）I won't be able to go on holiday with my mother being ill.（作原因状语） 6）He sat with his arms clasped around his knees.（作方式状语） 注：with 复合结构在句子中还可以作定语，阅读下面的句子。 1）There was a letter for Lanny with a Swiss stamp on it.（作定语修饰 letter） 2）It was a vast stretch of country with cities in the distance.（作定语修饰 a stretch of country） 1）With nothing_______to burn，the fire became weak and finally died out. A.leaving B.left C.leave D.toleave
2）The girl sat there quite silent and still with her eyes_______on the wall. A.fixing B.fixed C.to be fixing D.to be fixed
3）I live in the house with its door_________to the south.（这里 with 结构作定语） A.facing B.faces C.faced D.being faced
4）They pretended to be working hard all night with their lights____. A.burn B.burnt C.burning D.to burn
练习 2：用 with 复合结构完成下列句子 1）_____________（有很多工作要做），I couldn't go to see the doctor. 2）She sat__________（低着头）。 3）The day was bright_____.（微风吹拂） 4）_________________________，（心存梦想）he went to Hollywood. 练习 3：把下列句子中的划线部分改写成 with 复合结构。 1）Because our lessons were over，we went to play football. _____________________________. 2）The children came running towards us and held some flowers in their hands. _____________________________. 3）My mother is ill，so I won't be able to go on holiday. _____________________________. 4）An exam will be held tomorrow，so I couldn't go to the cinema tonight. _____________________________. With 复合结构历年高考题： 1. _________ production up by 60 % , the company has had another excellent year. A. As B. For C. With D. Through 2. With two exams ______, I have to work really hard this weekend. A. worry about B.to worry about C. worried about D. worrying about 3. ________our food ________, we had to walk to a village for help. A. Since; runs out B. Because; run out C. With; running out D. For; running out 4.When mother went into the house, she found her baby was sleeping in bed,with his lips ______. A. moving B. moved C. to move D. move 5.---You should have prepared your speech for the meeting , Mrs Smith . ---Yes, I know .But how could I with the meeting date_______ so soon . A. fixed B.being fixed C. to be fixed D. fixing 6.With more and more forests______ ,some animals and plants are facing the danger of dying out . A. damaged B. being damaged C. to be damaged D. damaging 7.With the door ______, the noise of the machines is almost deafening.
A. open B. opened C. opening D. to open 8. _______ his mother out, he had to stay at home alone. A. As B.For C. Because D. With 9.With all things______, her proposal is of greater than his A. considered B.to be considered C.being considered D. considering 10.with time_____, we will visit the Summer Palace. A. permitting, B. is permitting, C.to permitted D. permits