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英语:unit4 earthquakes单元同步测试(新人教版必修1)


Unit4

Earthquakes 单元同步测试

I. 单项选择 1. When he learned that his brother had returned from abroad, he set off to his home _____. Which of the following is not OK? A. immedia

tely B. right away C. right then D. right now E. at once 2. With income going down and prices ______, it is very hard to make a living nowadays. A. rising up B. rising C. rise D. rise up 3. You could hear water pipes cracking _____ they _____ because of the cold. A. when; burst B. before; were burst C. when; were burst D. before; burst 4. You can hardly imagine the once clear canal _____ so seriously polluted that no fish can live in it. A. have become B. having become C. to have become D. to become 5. There on the shore you can see a steam powered ship covered with dirt _____, waiting to be taken apart. A. lay in ruins B. lie in ruin C. laid in ruins D. lie in ruins 6. It is reported that five passengers got killed and _____ got _____ in the traffic accident. A. much more; injured B. many more; wounded C. many more; injured D. much more; hurt 7. Steel, brick and cement are all necessary building materials _____ . A. with which to build a dam B. which to build a dam with C. building a dam with D. to build a dam 8. It came to the world _____ that more than 10 prisoners were buried _____ by the terrorists. . A. as shocking; alive B. a shock; living C. shocked; live D. as a shock; alive 9. When the earthquake, a destructive natural disaster, happened, ninety-nine coal miners were trapped in the coal mine _____the ruins, waiting _____. A. in; to be rescued B. under; for being rescued C. in; to rescue D. under; to be rescued 10. Electricity plays _____ part in our life that it is unimaginable to live without it. A. such important B. so important C. such important a D. so important a 11. We should have ourselves _____ if we want to get the work _____ in the given time. A. organize well; finished B. well organized; done C. well organized; to be finished D. to be organized well; to be done 12. The story that happened 30 years ago still remains _____ in my mind as if it _____ yesterday. A. clean; happened B. fresh; happened C. clear; was happened D. clearly; happened 13. ---Will you please help me _____ the exercise books to the students? ----Sorry I have been in a race and my strength has completely _____. A. give out; given out B. give off; given up C. give out; given in D. give up; given up 14. Seventy percent of the students _____ taken part in the work and seventy percent of the work _____been finished. A. has, has B. had , had C. has, have D. have, has 15. He was honored _____ an outstanding scientist _____ his contribution to the economic reform. A. as; because B. after; for C. as; for D. for; for 16. People can make silly mistakes about a person if they judge him ____ the clothes he wears.

A. by B. with C. accordingly to D. through 17. Remember never to ask a European and an American personal questions. It is almost certain that they ______ for it . A. are not prepared B. don’t prepare C. haven’t prepared D. are not preparing 18. It will at least take five months to repair the ship that was seriously _____ by the hurricane. A. destructed B. ruined C. damaged D. broken 19. Thousands and thousands of people lost their homes in the earthquake and it was impossible to provide them _____ enough food, clothing and _____at that time. A. with; shelter B. for; houses C. by; housing D. with; shelter 20. It is reported that a large number of people _____ been killed and the number ____ added up to nearly 70,000 A. has; has B. have; have C. has; have D. have; has 21. The president was _____ a speech to senators _____ a group of armed young people burst into the hall A. giving; as B. making; when C. delivering; while D. speaking; when 22. A party was held _____ the heroes who had helped saved thousands and thousands of lives in the big earthquake in Sichuan. A. in time of B. in honor of C. in name of D. in place of 23. The soldiers have been trying hard to search for anyone alive buried in the ruins and _____them out if found. A. find B. make C. dig D. let 24. Many people thought it useless ______ again but the captain insisted on trying _____second time, which turned out to be a success. A. to try; the B. trying; a C. trying; the D. to try; a 25. We don’t need to do extra work this evening. The day’s work was almost ______ now. A. at the end B. at an end C. at one end D. at our end II. 完形填空 Mobile phones are everywhere in big cities. It seems that 26 ___ can survive without one. Mobile phones are a great 27 ____ to stay connected with friends and family.28 ____, it is important to remember that there are certain times 29____ you should not be using your phone, especially as a student, during school. 30____ you are in class, you should not be sending your friends text messages 31____ taking phone calls. Your classmates and teacher should not have to deal with this rude 32____ . Aren’t you at school to learn? In the United States, students would never be allowed to 33____ their mobile phones during class. If you were to send or 34_____ a text message you would probably be kicked 35____ class. It is very disturbing to hear a lot of tones and ringing during 36____. There are many more rules for mobile phone use in America and it is to 37_____ respect for those around you. As a teacher in China, I have to 38_____ students using mobile phones every day. I have told my class to 39_____ their phones, but many students do not listen. The 40_____ to be connected all the time seems to be more 41_____ than the desire to learn. It’s easy to understand 42_____ it is so tempting(诱惑人的) to have your phone on during class. It seems so easy just to send a short text message; it’s not hurting anyone, is it? But you may

actually be hurting 43_____ when you do this. Your teacher knows when you use your phone and may give you a 44_____ grade. Sending a text message also takes your attention away from what’s going on in class, you may 45_____ something important. 26.A. one B. somebody C. someone D. no one 27.A. way B. road C. method D. path 28.A. But B. However C. So D. Therefore 29.A. which B. that C. when D. where 30.A. After B. Before C. Because D. If 31.A. or B. and C. as well as D. instead of 32.A. act B. action C. habit D. behavior 33.A. have B. take C. use D. send 34.A. receive B. accept C. make D. get 35.A. of B. off C. out D. out of 36.A. school B. class C. office D. home 37.A. ask B. suggest C. show D. answer 38.A.do B. deal C. do with D. deal with 39.A.turn on B. turn down C. turn off D. turn in 40.A.desire B. wish C. hope D. expect 41.A.possible B. important C. necessary D. interesting 42.A. why B. what C. that D. whether 43.A. himself B. herself C. ourselves D. yourself 44A. lower B. higher C. better D. upper 45.A.forget B. remember C. miss D. leave III. 阅读理解 A Reading is very important to help you learn English. To learn as much as you can from reading, you need to read different kinds of English. This book provides not only different kinds of English but also a good way to check your reading ability. There are four parts in the book: Part 1 is Messages: In this part somebody wants to wad information in writing to somebody else. There is a test on timetables and a test on text messages. Part 2 is People: In this part all the tests are about people. For example, there is an informal letter between friends. There is formal ( 正式的) English in biography ( 传记). There is a job application as a model to help with your writing, as welt as testing your reading. Part 3 is Places: In this part, too many different kinds of English are shown, some informal and some formal. There is the informal English of a holiday postcard. There is also the formal English in a letter of complaint. Part 4 is Things: You will find some descriptive writing in this part. There are descriptions of clothes and of a computer. You can do these tests in any order you like, or you can do alt the tests with a formal or informal text. I enjoyed writing this book and I hope you enjoy using it, 46. We can find the introduction to a product in ______, A. Part 1 B. Part 2 C. Part 3 D.Part 4 47. Which of the following is most probably written in informal English?

A. A letter of complaint. B. A computer handbook. C. A letter to a friend. D. A story of a president. 48. The passage is most probably written for _____. A. test designers B. students C. test-takers D. teachers 49. What is the best title of the book? A. Test Your Reading B. Help with Your Writing C. Learn Different Kinds a/English D. Practise English in Different Ways B Pet owners are being encouraged to take their animals to work , a move scientists say can be good for productivity , workplace morale (士气), and the well-being of animals . A study found that 25% of Australian women would like to keep an office pet . Sue Chaseling of Petcare Information Service said the practice of keeping office pets was good both for the people and the pets . “On the pets’ side , they are not left on their own and won’t feel lonely and unhappy,” she said . A study of major US companies showed that 73% found office pets beneficial (有益的) , while 27% experienced a drop in absenteeism (缺勤). Xarni Riggs has two cats walking around her Global Hair Salon in Paddington . “My customers love them. They are their favorites ,” she said . “They are not troublesome . They know when to go and have a sleep in the sun .” Little black BJ has spent nearly all his two years “working” at Punch Gallery in Balmain . Owner Iain Powell said he had had cats at the gallery for 15 years . “BJ often lies in the shop window and people walking past tap on the glass ,” he said . Ms Chaseling said cats were popular in service industries because they enabled a point of conversation . But she said owners had to make sure both their co-workers and the cats were comfortable . 50. The percentage of American companies that are in favor of keeping office pets is ______ A.73% B.27% C.25% D.15% 51.We know from the text that “BJ” A.works in the Global Hair Salon B.often greets the passers-by C.likes to sleep in the sun D.is a two-year-old cat 52.The best title for this text would be . A.Pets Help Attract Customers B.Your Favorite Office Pets C.Pets Join the Workforce D.Busy Life for Pets C When I was small and my grandmother died, I couldn’t understand why I had no tears. But that night when my dad tried to cheer me up, my laugh turned into crying. . So it came as no surprise to learn that researchers believe crying and laughing come from the same part of the brain. Just as laughing has many health advantages, scientists are discovering that so, too, does crying. Whatever it takes for us to reduce pressure is important to our emotional (情感的) health, and crying seems to study found that 85 percent of women and 73 percent of men report feeling better after crying. Besides, tears attract help from other people. Researchers agree that when we cry, people around us become kinder and friendly and they are more ready to provide support and comfort. Tears also enable us to understand our emotions better; sometimes we don't even know we' re very

sad until we cry. We learn about our emotions through Crying, and then we can deal with them. Just as crying can be healthy, not crying — holding back tears of anger, pain or suffering — can be bad for physical (身体的) health, Studies have shown that too much control of emotions can lead to high blood pressure, heart problems and some other illnesses. If you have a health problem, doctors will certainly not ask you to cry. But when you feel like crying, don't fight it. It's a natural — and healthy — emotional response (反应). 53. Why didn't the author cry when her grandmother died? A. Because her father did not --ant her to feel too sad. B. Because she did not love her grandmother. C. Because she was too shy to cry at that time. D. Tie author doesn’t give the explanation. 54. According to the author, which of the following statements is true? A. Crying is the best way to get help from others. B. Fighting back tears may cause some health problems. C. We will never know our deep feelings unless we cry. D. We must cry if we want to reduce pressure. 55. What might be the most suitable title for the text? A. Power of Tears B. How to Keep Healthy C. Why We Cry D. A New Scientific Discovery V. 改错 (共 10 小题;每题 1 分,共计 10 分) Dear student, Congratulations! We are pleased to telling you that 56. ________ you have beaten the high school speaking competition 57.________ about new Tangshan. Your speech was heard by a 58. ________ group of five judges, all of who agreed that it was the 59.________ best one in this year. Your family should be proud of 60. ________ you! Our office would like to have you to speak in the 61. ________ new park, which will honor those that died in the terrible 62.________ disaster. What you know, this is the day the quake 63._________ happened thirty years before. We invite you to bring 64._________ your family and friends in that special day. 65._________ V.阅读与词汇再现

A A letter to a pen friend
Dear Mike, It is 3 months since I last heard from you! in the letter you asked me something about the earthquake happening in my hometown and wanted to offer me some help. Thank you from the deepest bottom of my heart! The earthquake occurred at night. We just felt the earth shook fiercely and it rose and fell sharply. Thousands of people came out of their house to find shelters! The walls of many buildings cracked and collapsed! When the earthquake was at an end, it ruined all the fortunes of the town, cutting off the supply of water and electricity! A great number of people got injured; some even were buried under the ruins! Luckily, the government called in the army and organized a lots of

people to rescue the people, they sent the injured to hospital and dug out the buried, sending them to hospital too. Though the disaster causes huge damage, but after a storm comes a calm, everything here is now returning to normal, the government are preparing something to predict earthquake. By the way, I am rewarded with the honor of Brave Citizen for having helped the injured people to hospital I am excited though I was fresh at that! How are you going? Hope to hear from you again! May everything of you go well!

B The earthquake that happened in Tangshan on July 28,1976 was recorded the greatest earthquake in the 20th century. The power of the quake was so great that two-thirds of the nation felt it and it produced an eight-kilometer-long and thirty-meter-wide crack that ran across the city, destroying everything in its course. Within fifteen minutes, the city fell into ruins. Steam could be seen rising from holes in the ground; fires were burning here and there and buildings lay in pieces. All the city’s hospitals, seventy percent of its factories and buildings and ninety percent of its homes were ruined, railways and bridges went out of use and the livestock suffered heavy losses. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000. Many wives became widowers, husbands became bachelors and children became orphans. It was one of the most destructive natural disasters that we humans ever experienced. Earthquakes can’t be prevented or stopped but it can be predicted. People can tell the coming of an earthquake, especially big ones, 16 through scientific equipment or by careful observation. As was the case in Tangshan, just three days before the earthquake, there were already signs that something was about to happen. The water in the village wells rose and fell for no obvious reasons and there were cracks in the walls of the village wells, out of which came smelly gases. Chickens, ducks and even pigs were too nervous to eat; fish jumped out of ponds; mice which usually stayed hidden in the fields ran out to look for places to hide. People at that time didn’t take these signs seriously just because they didn’t know what they really meant. It is very important to educate people to be careful observers. It not only helps people to make discoveries, but also save lives sometimes. VI.书面表达 (满分 25 分) 北京市将举办主题为“Protecting Mother Earth”的中学生英语作文竞赛。你准备根据下列 四幅图画写一篇“Story of a Tree”的英语小故事参赛。 (2003 北京高考) 注意:1.词数:100 左右;2.开头已为你好。 Story of a Tree Once there was a family living in a cabin (小

Unit 4 Earthquakes 答案: I. 单 项 选 择 :1-5 CBDBD

6-10CADDD

11-15 BBADC

16-20 AACDD

21-25BBCBB
II.完形填空:26—30 DABCD 31—35 ADCAD 36—40 BCDCA 41—45 BADAC III.阅读理解:46--50 DCBAA 51--55 DCDBA IV. 改错 76. telling→tell 77. beathen→won 78. √ 79. who→whom 80. 去掉 in 81. 去掉 to 82. that→who 83. What→As 84. before→ago 85.in→on
VI.书面表达(满分 25 分)

One possible Version: Story of a Tree Once there was a family living in a cabin under a huge tree. Its strong branches and thick leaves kept the family safe from the wind and rain. Sometime later, they fell down the tree with an ax, as they were building another cabin. They needed the wood for its walls and the branches and leaves for its roof. But before the completion of the new cabin, a storm came. And strong winds blew away the roofs of both the old and new cabins, because the tree was no longer there to protect the place from the wind. The people are too astonished to do anything.


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