当前位置:首页 >> 机械/仪表 >>

DIN 1685-1 1998 球墨铸铁毛坯铸件 一般公差及机加工余量 不适用于新设计 EN


D EUTSCHE NORM

August 1998

Rough castings of spheroidal graphite cast iron
General tolerances and machining allowances (For replacement purposes only)

{

1685-1
Supersedes October 1980 edition.

ICS 77.140.80 Descriptors: General tolerances, machining allowances, castings, spheroidal graphite cast iron. Gu?rohteile aus Gu?eisen mit Kugelgraphit – Allgemeintoleranzen, Bearbeitungszugaben (Nicht für Neukonstruktionen)

In keeping with current practice in standards published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), a comma has been used throughout as the decimal marker. Dimensions in mm

1

Scope and field of application

This standard specifies general tolerances and machining allowances for rough castings of spheroidal graphite cast iron which are subject to the technical delivery conditions laid down in DIN 1693-1. Users of this standard should note that it now only applies to castings used for repair and replacement purposes. New designs are covered by ISO 8062 : 1994. Owing to the lack of empirical data, general tolerances have not been specified here for angular dimensions. If angles are to meet accuracy requirements, these shall be indicated as individual tolerances.

2

Normative references

This standard incorporates, by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the titles of the publications are listed below. For dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this standard only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references, the latest edition of the publication referred to applies. DIN DIN DIN ISO 1680-1 1693-1 7182-1 8062 : 1994 Rough castings – General tolerances and machining allowances – General Spheroidal graphite cast iron – Unalloyed and low alloy grades Sizes, deviations, tolerances and fits – Basic concepts Castings – System of dimensional tolerances and machining allowances

Normen-Download-Beuth-LEWA Herbert Ott GmbH & Co.-KdNr.4102765-LfNr.2292669001-2004-02-10 09:07

3

Concepts

See DIN 7182-1 and DIN 1680-1 for the terms ‘general tolerances’ and ‘tolerance grade’, and DIN 1680-1 for a definition of ‘machining allowance’.

4
4.1

Tolerance grades
Dimensional deviations

For castings of spheroidal graphite cast iron, dimensional deviations are largely dependent on a) the dimensional accuracy of the pattern, the degree of shrinkage dependent on the material type and casting configuration, the care taken during moulding and casting, and the moulding and casting equipment used based on the batch size; b) the nominal sizes.

4.2

Application of tolerance grades

Limit deviations shall be specified on the basis of the tolerance grades given in tables 1 and 2. Linear dimensions and thickness shall be specified for the same grade; for exceptions see DIN 1680-1.

Continued on pages 2 to 4.

Translation by DIN-Sprachendienst.
In case of doubt, the German-language original should be consulted as the authoritative text.

? No part of this translation may be reproduced without the prior permission of DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e. V., Berlin. Beuth Verlag GmbH, D-10772 Berlin, has the exclusive right of sale for German Standards (DIN-Normen).

Ref. No. DIN 1685-1 : 1998-08
English price group 06 Sales No. 0106 11.98

Page 2 DIN 1685-1 : 1998-08

4.3

Nominal size ranges

The nominal size ranges shown in the tables for each tolerance grade have been selected on the basis of reliable measurement data. For sizes outside the range for a given grade, the next coarsest grade applies.

5

Machining allowances

The machining allowance, BZ, is a function of the largest external dimension of the casting and is the same for all tolerance grades (cf. table 3); see DIN 1680-1 for exceptions. For sizes up to 500 mm, machining allowances may be reduced to approximately half the values specified in table 3 if the pattern equipment, casting procedure and machining procedure with regard to clamping surfaces and datum surfaces have been optimized, for example, for series production, as agreed between the customer and the foundry. These reduced values are shown in table 4. For castings with a mass greater than 1 000 kg or a wall thickness greater than 50 mm, the machining allowances shall be agreed between the manufacturer and client.

6

Designation

Where both the tolerance grade and the machining allowance have been selected on the basis of the present standard, the designation of a grade GTB 17 tolerance (GTB 17) in conjunction with a machining allowance of 2,5 for bottom and side surfaces in the die and of 3 for top surfaces (BZ 2,5/3), for example, shall be designated as follows:

Tolerance and machining allowance DIN 1685 – GTB 17 – BZ 2,5/3
See DIN 1680-1 for other examples of designations. Table 1: Limit deviations for linear dimensions (length, width, height, centreline distance, diameter, radius)*)
Nominal size range Tolerance grade Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Over Up to

18

up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to up to

Normen-Download-Beuth-LEWA Herbert Ott GmbH & Co.-KdNr.4102765-LfNr.2292669001-2004-02-10 09:07

*) Irrespective of the values given in this table, the actual deviation of the linear dimensions of a casting shall in no case be greater than t 25 % of the nominal size, rounded to one decimal place. This restriction is of particular relevance when applying the deviations in the boxes enclosed by thick lines.

Table 2: Limit deviations for thicknesses (wall, web and rib thicknesses)*), **)
Nominal size range Tolerance grade Over Up to 6 up to Over up to Over up to Over up to Over up to Over up to Over up to

*) Irrespective of the values given in this table, the actual deviation of the linear dimensions of a casting shall in no case be greater than t 25 % of the nominal size, rounded to one decimal place. This restriction is of particular relevance when applying the deviations in the boxes enclosed by thick lines. **) The values specified here are taken from the deviations specified for one full grade coarser in table 1.

Page 3 DIN 1685-1 : 1998-08 Table 3: Machining allowances
Position of surface in mould Nominal size range (based on the largest overall dimension of casting) Machining allowance, BZ
Over up to Over up to Over up to Over up to Over up to

Up to 50

Bottom, side Top

Table 4: Reduced machining allowances, BZ (see clause 5)
Position of surface in die Nominal size range (based on the largest overall dimension of casting) Machining allowance, BZ
Over up to Over up to Over up to

Up to 50

Bottom, side Top

7

Indicating general tolerances on existing drawings

If an existing drawing does NOT refer to the tolerance groups specified in the 1962 edition of this standard (which is no longer valid), then the tolerance grades given in tables 1 and 2 do not apply. It is recommended that a grade suitable for the casting in question be indicated on such drawings. If an existing drawing DOES refer to the previously valid tolerance groups, it is recommended that these be converted to the tolerance grades specified in tables 1 and 2 of the present standard. If this is not possible, the permissible limit deviations are to be taken from tables 5 and 6 below. Tables 5 and 6 do NOT apply to new drawings. Table 5: Limit deviations for linear dimensions on existing drawings
Nominal size range
Normen-Download-Beuth-LEWA Herbert Ott GmbH & Co.-KdNr.4102765-LfNr.2292669001-2004-02-10 09:07

Tolerance group

Over Up to

Over up to

Over up to

Over up to

18

up to

External dimensions Internal dimensions External dimensions Internal dimensions For centreline distances, the limit deviations specified for internal dimensions shall be used.

Table 6: Limit deviations for thicknesses on existing drawings
Nominal size range Tolerance group Over Up to Over up to Over up to

6

up to

Page 4 DIN 1685-1 : 1998-08

8

Indicating machining allowances on existing drawings

The machining allowances specified in this standard only apply to drawings on which general tolerances in accordance with clause 4 and tables 1 and 2 of this standard are indicated.

Previous editions
DIN 1685-1: 1962-04, 1974-08, 1978-07, 1980-10.

Amendments
As compared with the October 1980 edition, the standard now applies only to castings used for replacement purposes.

Other relevant standards
DIN 1680-2 Rough castings – General tolerances DIN 1690-1 Technical delivery conditions for castings of metallic materials – General

Normen-Download-Beuth-LEWA Herbert Ott GmbH & Co.-KdNr.4102765-LfNr.2292669001-2004-02-10 09:07


相关文章:
防盗球墨铸铁排水检查井盖技术指引
2、引用、参考标准 2.1 引用标准 CJ/T3012-93 铸铁检查井盖 GB1348 球墨铸铁件 GB6414—99 铸件 尺寸公差与机械加工余量 2.2 参考标准 EN124-94 车用及行...
15607_与WPS和WPQR有关的一般规则
德国标准 DIN EN ISO 15607 替代 DIN EN 288-1, 1997 年九月版 ___ ICS25.160.10 金属材料焊接程序规范和鉴定 总则 (ISO15607:2003) DIN EN ISO 15607 ...
更多相关标签: