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2012广州二模(理科)


2012 年 广 州 市 普 通 高 中 毕 业 班 综 合 测 试 ( 二 ) 语 文
本试卷共 8 页,24 小题,满分为 150 分。考试用时 150 分钟。 注意事项: 1.答卷前,考生务必用 2B 铅笔在“考生号”处填涂考生号。用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己所在的市、县/区、 学校以及自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(B)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。 2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑;如需改动,用橡皮擦干净 后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域内的相应位置上;如需 改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4.作答选做题时,请先用 2B 铅笔填涂选做题的题组号对应的信息点,再作答。漏涂、错涂、多涂的,答案无 效。 5.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。

一、本大题 4 小题,每题 3 分,共 12 分。
1.下列词语中加点的字,读音全都正确的一组是 A.狡黠(xiá) 盥洗(huàn) 肖像(xiào) 铩羽而归(shā) . . . . B.木讷(nà) 收讫(qì) 塞责(s?) 栉风沐雨(zhì) . . . . C.桎梏(kù) 整饬(chì) 辟邪(bì) 岿然不动(ɡuī) . . . . D.哂笑(shěn) 聒噪(ɡuō) 挑灯(tiǎo) 怏怏不乐(yànɡ) . . . . 2.依次填入下列句中横线处的词语,最恰当的一组是 ①各级政府机关要按照国务院的决策 , 大力推进资源节约和循环利用工作, 进一步传播节约理念, 促进全社会转变生产方式和消费方式。 ②美国罔顾钓鱼岛是中国固有领土的历史事实, 抛出“《日美安保条约》适用于钓鱼岛”的言论, 这一言论彻底暴露了其霸权主义的本质。 ③南沙区地理位置独特,享有粤港澳合作先行先试的政策,可以大力促进高新技术产业的发展, 这种发展优势令其它新建的经济区 。 A.部署 公然 望尘莫及 B.部署 竟然 望其项背 C.布置 竟然 望其项背 D.布置 公然 望尘莫及 3.下列各句中,没有语病的一项是 A. 河源市紫金县响水路一带发现有多例感染丙肝的病人, 有人怀疑自己是因为镇卫生所未按规定 采用一次性针筒而造成交叉感染的原因。 B.发达国家的大企业在信息技术革命的推动下,集中产业优势,逐步在全球形成了寡头垄断者, 这对于全球经济的正常发展是不利的。 C.新闻出版总署发布相关规定,要求新闻机构建立健全内部防范虚假新闻的管理制度,将虚假报 道的责任追究制度付诸于具体的行动中。 D.有专家认为,政府出钱来办元宵灯展,既弘扬了传统的节日文化,又顺应了市民元宵赏花灯的 习俗,是花钱不多而社会影响好的事情。 4.下面的电子邮件中,加点词运用不得体的一项是 李老师: 您好!上周四您光临寒舍,真是蓬荜生辉。老师作画相赠,我感激不已。我定会惠存老师的墨宝, .... .. 铭记老师的恩情。我今天已将近日付梓的拙作邮寄给您,请您教正。 .. 敬祝 教安 .. 学生:黄少明 9月8日 A.蓬荜生辉 B.惠存 C.教正 D.教安
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二、本大题 7 小题,共 35 分。
阅读下面的文言文,完成 5~9 题。 名捕传 姚伯祥 ① 金坛王伯弢孝廉,自言丙午偕计 ,至德州,见道旁有捕贼勾当,与州解相噪。问之,云:“马贼昼 . 劫上供银若干,追之则死贼手,不追则死坐累。”各相向呼天,泣数行下。然贼马尘起处,犹目力可望也。 忽有夫妇两骑从他道来。诸捕咸相庆曰:“保定名捕至矣!当无忧也。”诸捕控名捕马,问从何来。言夫 . 妇泰山进香耳。然名捕病甚,俯首鞍上。其妻亦短小好妇人,以皂罗覆面,手抱一婴儿。诸捕告之故,哀 . . . 乞相助。名捕曰:“贼几人?”曰:“五人。”曰:“余病甚,吾妇往足矣。”妇摇手:“我不耐烦!” 名捕嗔骂曰:“懒媳妇!”妇面发红,乃下马抱儿与夫,更束马肚,结缚裙靴,攘臂,袖一刀,长三尺许, . 光若镜也。夫言:“将我箭去。”妻曰:“吾弹固自胜。”言未讫,身已在马上,绝尘而去。诸捕皆奔马 随之。 须臾,追及贼骑。妇人发声清亮,顺风呼贼曰:“我保定名捕某妻,为此官钱,故来相索。宜急置, . . 毋尝我丸也!”贼言:“丈夫平平,牝猪敢尔!”贼发五弓射妇。妇从马上以弹弓拨箭,箭悉落地。急发 . 一弹,杀一人。四人拔刀拟妇妇接战挥斥如意复斫杀一人三人惧少却妇更言曰急置银舁两尸去俱死无益也 三人下马乞命置银以二尸缚马上而逸。 顷之,诸捕至,舁银而还。此妇犹旖旎寻常,善刀藏之,下马遍拜诸捕,曰:“妮子着力不健,纵此 . 三寇,要是裙襦伎俩耳。”州守为治酒,宴劳五日,乃去。 . . 姚伯祥曰:此皆伯弢口授于予,予为之记,所谓舌端有写生手也。 (选自张潮《虞初新志》,有改动) [注]①偕计:指举人赴京会试。 5.对下列句子中加点词的解释,不正确的一项是 (3 分) A.与州解相噪 解差 . B.诸捕控名捕马,问从何来 . C.其妻亦短小好妇人 . 勒住 温顺

D.宜急置,毋尝我丸也 放下 . 6.下列各组句子中,加点词的意义和用法都相同的一组是 A..... 以皂罗覆面 B.妇从马上以弹弓拨箭 . C.乃下马抱儿与夫 D.宴劳五日,乃去 诸捕告之故 顷之,诸捕至 . 为此官钱,故来相索 州守为治酒

(3 分)

7.下列各句编为四组,都能表现名捕妻“武艺高超”的一组是 ①更束马肚,结缚裙靴 ②吾弹固自胜 ③须臾,追及贼骑 ⑤急发一弹,杀一人 ④以弹弓拨箭,箭悉落地 ⑥纵此三寇,要是裙襦伎俩耳

(3 分)

A.①③④ B.①⑤⑥ C.②③⑥ D.②④⑤ 8.下列对原文有关内容的分析和概括,不正确的一项是 祥,姚伯祥把事件如实地记录下来。 B.面对马贼光天化日抢劫官府钱银,众差役毫无办法,焦急万分,看到保定名捕出现,他们转忧 为喜,相信名捕一定能替他们解困。
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(3 分)

A.王伯弢进京应考,途经德州,遇到了名捕夫妇帮助州里差役夺回官银的事,他将此事告诉姚伯

C.名捕病重,不能亲自去擒拿马贼,但是他镇定自若,指挥从容,让外表娇小的妻子前往擒贼, 妻子爽快答应并迅速夺回了官银。 D.名捕的妻子夺回官银后没有全力歼灭马贼,在众差役面前不逞强自诩;州守得知名捕夫妇的义 举后,专门设宴款待他们以表谢意。 9.断句和翻译。(10 分) (1)用“/”给下面的文字断句。(4 分) 四人拔刀拟妇妇接战挥斥如意复斫杀一人三人惧少却妇更言曰急置银舁两尸 去俱死无益也三人下马乞命置银以二尸缚马上而逸 (2)翻译下面的句子。(6 分) ①追之则死贼手,不追则死坐累。 ②此妇犹旖旎寻常,善刀藏之。 10.阅读下面的宋诗,然后回答问题。(7 分) 登快阁 黄庭坚 痴儿 了却公家事,快阁东西倚晚晴。 落木千山天远大,澄江一道月分明。 朱弦已为佳人 绝,青眼 聊因美酒横。 万里归船弄长笛, 此心吾与白鸥盟。 [注]①痴儿:作者自称。②佳人:指知音。③青眼:表示有好感。 (1)颔联描绘了一幅怎样的画面?请作简要分析。(4 分) (2)简析尾联所表达的思想感情。(3 分) 11.补写出下列名篇名句中的空缺部分。(任选 3 题,多选只按前 3 题计分)(6 分) (1)士不可以不弘毅, 。 ,不亦重乎?(《论语》十则) (2) , 。冰泉冷涩弦凝绝,凝绝不通声暂歇。(白居易《琵琶行》) (3) , 。晓镜但愁云鬓改,夜吟应觉月光寒。(李商隐《无题》) (4)马作的卢飞快,弓如霹雳弦惊。 , 。(辛弃疾《破阵子》) 三、本大题 4 小题,共 16 分。 阅读下面的文字,完成 12~15 题。 解一解中国人的谜 我们说中国不及西洋,然中国的开化固远在近世的西洋人以前。当近世的西洋人在森林中度其野蛮生 活之时,中国已有高明的学术美盛的文化开出来千余年了。四千年前,中国已有文化;与其并时而开放过 文化之花的民族,无不零落消亡;只有他一条老命直活到今日,文化未曾中断,民族未曾灭亡,他在这三 四千年中,不但活着而已,中间且不断有文化的盛彩。历史上只见他一次再次同化了外族,而没有谁从文 化上能征服他的事。 在第四世纪北方侵入来的所谓五胡蛮族,不久就被同化了,这些蛮族,在北方建立了十六个几乎 完全与中国文明相融合的国家,在晋朝灭亡后,约有一世纪半南北朝时代的战乱之间,与南方诸国相竞争 相混合。到了第六世纪末叶,中国又渐渐统一于隋朝了。 其后三百余年间隋唐两朝的治世,使中国成为当时世界上最安定的文明国,达到繁荣的绝顶。那破坏 于秦而复兴于汉的儒学,在这期间大力发达,产出绚烂流丽的诗文;又发明木版印刷术,因之唐朝的宫廷 有了藏着几万册典籍的图书馆。幽雅庄严的佛画佛像,把当时美术的显著的进步流传于今日。然而就社会 全体来说,并没有产生什么本质的进步和根本的变化。他们的经济生活,依旧一点没有脱离古代以来的旧 套,在丰饶肥沃的大平原里保守着那祖先传来的农业生产力所生的社会制度,中国人便安然地在这种静稳
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② ③ ①

和幸福的范围内过活。商业与货币,虽然已经有了相当的发展,但绝没有像古代希腊那样在社会内获得重 要的地位。市场上物物交换,还流行得很广。万物宽裕而且悠长的这个巨大的社会,却妨碍了那奔放不羁 的冒险的活跃和独创的发展。 长期的安逸和倦怠,在支配者的宫廷里,产生了阴谋、紊乱和虐政。一般民众,只是糊里糊涂地 期待“真命天子”的出世,即欢迎新的较善的支配者出来代替。但这只是改变支配地位和国号的政治上的 大事件,绝不是像上述那种生产力发展阶段相异的社会集团间的阶级或民族战争一样,引起社会的本质的 变革。 中国民族在今日好比七十老翁,而西洋人只是十七八岁小伙。如果简单地说,中国社会中国文化 不及西洋进步,那就如说七十老翁身体心理的发育开展太慢,慢至不及十七八岁的孩子阶段!社会生命或 不可以个体生命相拟,然而这一类“进步太慢,落后不及”的流俗浅见,则非纠正不可。 普通人总以为人类文化可以看作一条路线,西洋人进步得快,路走出去得远;而中国人迟钝不进化, 比人家少走一大半路。所以说“产业落后”,“文化落后”,落后!落后!一切落后!然而我早说过了: “??我可以断言,假使西洋文化不同我们接触,中国是完全闭关与外间不通风的,就是再走三百年五百 年一千年,亦断不会有这些轮船火车、飞行艇、科学方法和德谟克拉西 产生出来。”——他将长此终古, 岂止落后而已!质言之,他非是慢慢落后,他是停滞在某一状态而不能进。束缚经济进步的土地封建制度, 欧洲直存在到十七、十八世纪,在中国则西历纪元前二百多年已被破坏了,而却是迄今二千多年亦不见中 国产业发达起来。这明明是停滞在一特殊状态,万万不能说作进行迟慢。大概许多有眼光的学者都看出是 停滞问题,而不是迟慢的问题。但一般人模糊无辨别力,多将停滞与迟慢混说不分,这于学术上可以贻误 很大。 现在我请求读者赐予十二分的注意!我们在前面指出西洋文化是以如飞的进步,于很短期间开发出来 的;现在我们又知道中国文化是入于停滞状态既千余年。我们就应当怪问:他为什么飞?而他为什么停? 这一飞一停,岂是偶然的么? (选自梁漱溟、徐复观等著《致中国人的演讲(一):伟大传统》,有删改) [注]德谟克拉西:英语“民主”(democracy)的音译。 12~13 题为选择题,请在答题卡“选择题答题区”作答。(12 题选对两项给5分,选对一项给2分, 多选不给分。) 12.根据文意,下列说法不正确的两项是 (5 分) A.中国的开化远在近世的西洋人之前,但即使是达到繁荣绝顶的历史时期,我们仍然会说:中 国不及西洋。 B.虽然中国民族历经外族的入侵,但是中国文化不但没有因此被征服,相反地,她却一再同化 了外来的民族。 C.隋唐治世,中国成为当时世界上最安定、最繁荣的文明国度,其间所创造的不少文明成果一 直流传至今。 D.时至近代,中国经济生活依然沿袭古代以来的旧套,商业与货币的发展受到遏制,中国也因 此被西洋超越。 E.长期闭关锁国,不与外间交通,致使近代中国接触不到西洋文化,接触不到轮船、火车等现 代工业的成果。 13.对“七十老翁”和“十七八岁小伙”比喻的理解,符合作者观点的一项是 (3分) A.说明今日之中国民族的发展历史要比西洋人的悠久。 B.说明近代中国民族发展缓慢,不及近代西洋人快速。 C.指出今日中国社会中国文化比不上近代西洋人进步。 D.指出将个体生命与社会生命相拟的做法非纠正不可。
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14.标题中的“谜”,指的是什么?(4分) 15.文章结尾认为中国文化长期处在停滞状态不是偶然的,理由何在?(4分) 四、本大题为选考内容的两组试题。每组试题 3 小题,共 15 分。 选考内容的两组试题分别为“文学类文本阅读”试题组和“实用类文本阅读”试题组,考生任选一组 作答。作答前,务必用 2B 铅笔在答题卡上填涂与所选试题组相对应的信息点;信息点漏涂、错涂、多涂 的,答案无效。 (一)文学类文本阅读 阅读下面的文字,完成 16~18 题。 寒夜生花 迟子建


今冬大兴安岭奇寒,春节前后,气温都在零下三十七八度之间徘徊。世界看似冻僵了,但白雪茫茫的 山林中,依然有飞鸟的踪迹;冰封的河流下,鱼儿也在静静地潜游。北风呼啸的街头,人们也依然忙着年。 有生命的不止这些,还有花儿。 是霜花! 每天早晨,我从床上爬起,拉开窗帘,便可望见玻璃窗上的霜花。户外寒风凛冽,室内温度只有 十七八度,所以今冬我见的霜花,不像往年只蔓延在窗子底部,而是满窗盛开! 霜花姿态万千,真是要看什么有什么。挺直的冷杉,摇曳的白桦,风情万种的柳树,初绽的水仙, 半开的芍药,怒放的菊花,你在霜花的世界中,都能寻到。当然,除了常见的树木和花朵,霜花也隐现动 物的形影,比如呼呼大睡的肥猪,飞翔的仙鹤,低头喝水的鹿,奔跑的狗,游走的蛇等。你要问霜花中有 没有人?答案是肯定的。亭亭玉立的少女,蹒跚学步的儿童,弯腰弓背的老人,霜花也不吝惜它的笔,勾 勒他们的形影,并为之配上人间的烟火气——房屋、水井、田地、牛车、犁铧、米缸、灶台、饭桌、碗筷 甚至肥皂。仅有这些还不够,没有光,世界是彻头彻尾僵死的,于是霜花中就有了日月星辰,有了来自天 庭的照耀! 不要以为霜花总是烟花般灿烂, 它也有孤独的脚印; 它也不总是祥云缭绕, 那里也有离人的眼泪! 在这里,一年中最寒冷的时刻,也是最黑暗的时刻。太阳三点多就落山了,好像它答应了要去照 耀另一个更黑暗的世界,而把人间过早地推入暮色之中。白昼中被阳光鞭挞的寒流,在太阳消失后,竟做 起了浪漫的事情。它们中的一部分,潜入千家万户的窗缝,在人们熟睡时,用月光星光做笔,蘸着清芬的 霜花,在明净的玻璃窗上,点染出一幅幅图画。 有千万扇窗户,就有千万个霜花的世界,因为霜花的世界没有相同的。今天你看到的芭蕉树形态 的霜花,明天演变为一片葳蕤的野花了;今天你看到的少女,明天就可能变成老妪;今天你看到的光秃秃 的树,明天挂上了几盏灯笼。还有那饭桌和房屋,可能一夜之间会缺了桌脚,或是两层的房屋变成了三层 四层,让你慨叹它们造房的神速。 太阳走得早,并没有想着第二天要早来。它晚来也好,霜花会存留长久些。七点多钟,晨曦初现, 霜花被映照成柠檬色,远看像张金箔纸;等八点多太阳完全冒出头来,霜花就是橘红的了,如果此时恰好 有酒杯形态的霜花闪烁其中,我就是喝到浓郁的葡萄酒了;而等太阳升得高了,阳光照耀着雪地,天地间 跃动着白炽的光芒,霜花就回到本色,一片银白,玻璃窗就成了银库了!不过,太阳每前进一步,霜雪图 就损毁一些:花瓣凋零了,树木枯萎了,河流干涸了,房屋坍塌了,动物少了四蹄或是尾巴,犁铧残破了, 玻璃窗像是心疼什么人似的,漫溢着霜花的泪滴。阳光把这样的泪滴照耀得晶莹剔透,如果说冬天也有露 珠的话,该是它们吧。 霜花在正午时消失了,玻璃窗干干净净的了!不要以为它们的故事就此结束了,夕阳尽了,霜花 又会在玻璃窗上重谱新篇。于是像我这种爱做梦的人,又有了新的憧憬。

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霜花似乎很懂得主人的心思,有的时候,我能从霜花中看到已故亲人用过的东西,比如茶壶、眼 镜,比如砚台、笔管。让人怀疑他们夜间悄悄匍匐在窗棂上,听我梦中的呓语。在冷酷的现实世界中失去 的,那个世界又温柔地回馈了我,让我直想亲吻那片霜花,让我所爱的,再度与我的呼吸共融。 没有一个早晨,我不是与霜花共度的。我站在它面前看它,它也在静静地看我。能与心灵共通的 世界,谁敢说是虚幻的!霜花是彼岸世界送给此岸世界的哈达,你的目光与它交汇时,就是领受了福气。 2012 龙年到来的那一刻, 我凑近霜花, 仔细地闻。 有一个熟悉的声音在我身后说, 你还能闻出香味来? 是啊,霜花不是尘世的花朵,没有凡俗的香味。可它那股逼人的清新之气,涤荡肺腑,这难道不是上天赐 予人间最好的香味吗?我把这话说与身后发问的人,回首处,却看不见人影,只有门楣处的红灯笼,在寒 夜里一闪一闪的,像是在跟我搭话。 (选自 2012 年 2 月 23 日《羊城晚报》) [注]①迟子建:生于黑龙江漠河。当代中国具有广泛影响力的作家之一,曾荣获“鲁迅文学奖”、 “冰心散文奖”、“茅盾文学奖”等文学大奖。2002 年丈夫因车祸去世。 16.作者笔下的霜花有哪些特点?请分点概述。(4 分) 17. 简要赏析文中画线句子的语言艺术效果。(5 分) 18. 有评论家说,散文家善于将主观“内情”与客观“外物”相融合,在“物”“我”交融中抒 发情感,营造意境。请从文中举例,简要阐述这一观点。(6 分) (二)实用类文本阅读 阅读下面的文字,完成 19~21 题。 嵇 康
中国历史上,魏晋风度名气很大。竹林七贤是魏晋风度的一个缩影,其中走在最前面的是嵇康。 魏晋之交皇权更迭,嵇康不肯趋附,拒绝进入权力核心层,于是得罪了权臣钟会和司马昭。嵇康最终死于两样东西:名 气太大,性格太直。直接的死因是两封绝交书,其中一封是写给高官兼老友山涛。 性格决定命运,嵇康可能是最好的例子。 嵇康是谯郡人,他和诸葛孔明都长得高大英俊,举止潇洒,都是弹琴的高手。孔明“面如冠玉”,嵇康喝醉酒时“若玉 山之将崩”。两人都是自学成材,看书从不死记硬背,凭着极高的悟性,一个“观其大略”,一个“学不师授”。 嵇康是曹操集团的人,父亲嵇昭、哥哥嵇喜官职显赫,他本人“龙章凤质”,相貌才华都是超一流。本指望追随父兄一 展鸿志,不幸碰上司马昭乱政。曹氏司马氏两大权力集团明争暗斗,他不像阮籍夹在中间,他的态度很明确:食君之禄,忠 君之事,不搞吃里扒外。 嵇康担任的中散大夫是个闲职,俸禄有限,他打铁挣钱,既补贴家用,又为朋友们聚会买酒喝。他不打兵器,专打农具。 史称他“性绝巧而好锻”,是生活中的能工巧匠,类似制造木牛流马的诸葛孔明。 当时的世族弟子,一般都会谋求当大官,但嵇康拒绝这样做,家园难免有些破败。不过他有酒,有琴,高朋满座。朝廷 大员也仰慕他,不学他“固穷”,却希望有他的名气。 有一天钟会来了,钟会自幼博学多才,堪称神童,长大了,背弃父亲做了司马昭的大红人。他傲视天下,平生只忌惮两 个人:大权在握的司马昭,大名鼎鼎的嵇康。钟会来的时候,嵇康正在打铁,没理他。一个衣饰华贵,神色倨傲;一个赤膊 抡铁锤,面无表情。很长时间谁也不开口,而蝉在叫,铁花在飞。钟会撑不住,转身要走,嵇康徐徐说:“何所闻而来?何 所见而去?”钟会说:“闻所闻而来,见所见而去。”说完愤然而去。 钟会对司马昭进谗言:嵇康是条卧龙,日后要掀大浪,您须防着他。诸葛亮人称卧龙,出山辅佐刘备,威胁曹魏几十年。 钟会把嵇康比作诸葛亮,用意明显。 嵇康冷淡钟会,是轰动朝野的大事件。竹林成了一个符号,士人向往,朝廷侧目。钟会收集嵇康的言论,报告司马昭。 山涛做官受到重用,他在吏部郎的位置上升迁,推荐嵇康代替他。山涛多次推荐嵇康,不达目的不罢休。嵇康一忍再忍, 终于发作了。嵇康写下《与山巨源绝交书》。信件公开了,山涛被逐出竹林,在知识界一落千丈,从此铁了心奔官场。可是, 没有资料表明,他曾向司马昭提供有关竹林自由言论的情报。 司马昭下令查办, 钟会罗织罪名。 不治嵇康的言论罪, 却说他有过谋反的意图——几年前一个叫母丘俭的军人反叛朝廷, 嵇康欲响应,被山涛阻止了。这是诬陷,但罪名成立。嵇康是曹操的孙女婿,谋反是可能的。唯一能证明他无罪的山涛一声 不吭。 6 / 67

如果他在狱中写一封检讨书,保证以后不乱讲,就有出狱的可能。狱吏探他的口风,他一言不发。狱卒议论说:这人一 根筋,只会写绝交书,写不来检讨书?? 砍头的日子到了。 这一天,嵇康破例穿得很漂亮:一袭丝质的草绿色长袍。以前他经常打铁,穿戴很随意。今天不同,他要尽显“龙章凤 质”。刑场也是舞台,他将完成他的生命之舞。脚下是厚厚的木屐,走动响声清脆,富于节奏感。他本来就高大挺拔,穿长 袍与木屐,越发像个绿色巨人。围观的群众里三层外三层,史料说超过一万人。其中名士数百,官员数百,族人数百,太学 生三千??名士可不是浪得虚名,名士走向断头台,照样风度翩翩。 魏晋风度,被嵇康推向了极致。 《晋书》载:“康顾视日影,索琴弹之,曰:'《广陵散》于今绝矣!’”《广陵散》高亢激烈,抒情处婉转低回,是当 时的第一名曲。嵇康视《广陵散》为圣物。悲怆的音乐竟书写了他的命运。 一代名士的最后风流,注入《广陵散》。琴音丝毫不乱,像《空城计》中的诸葛亮。

(根据刘小川《品中国文人》改写) 19.在嵇康身上,你看出魏晋风度有哪些特点?请分点概括。(4 分) 20.文中多次将嵇康与诸葛亮相提并论,这样写有什么作用?(5 分) 21.史传的作者,往往借助所叙写的历史人物来表达自己的观点。请以本文为例,简要阐述作者借写 嵇康所要表达的两个主要观点。(6 分) 五、本大题 2 小题,共 12 分。 22.请根据下面的“演出日程表”拟写一句话短讯,不超过 70 字。(6 分) 春蕾大剧院“2011-2012 迎春音乐周”演出日程表 日期 12 月 29 日 12 月 30 日 12 月 31 日 1月1日 1月2日 1月3日 时间 20:00 20:00 20:00 20:00 20:00 20:00 节目 朝鲜血海歌剧团歌剧《梁山伯与祝英台》 加拿大蒙特利尔爱乐乐团“新年音乐会” 阿根廷探戈之火舞团舞剧《欲望之焰》 俄罗斯小白桦歌舞团“新春歌舞晚会” 法国波尔多国家芭蕾舞团舞剧《胡桃夹子》 日本小提琴天后宓多里“古典音乐演奏会”

23. 下面是一位网友的微博节选, 请根据节选内容续写一段话。 要求: ①至少运用两种修辞方法; ②50~70 字。(6 分) 小时候,我经常纠结:长大后,是上清华好,还是上北大好呢?长大后,我才发现 六、本大题 1 小题,60 分。 24.阅读下面的文字,根据要求作文。(60 分) 世界著名摇滚音乐家约翰·列侬说:“如果你不能改变自己,你就改变世界;如果你不能改变世 界,你就改变自己。” 以上这段话引发了你怎样的思考?请联系生活体验与认识,写一篇文章,自拟标题,自选文体, 不少于 800 字。

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2012 年广州市普通高中毕业班综合测试(二) 数 学(理科)
2012.4 本试卷共 4 页,21 小题,满分 150 分。考试用时 l20 分钟。 注意事项: 1.答卷前。考生务必用 2B 铅笔在“考生号”处填涂考生号。用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔 将自己所在的市、县/区、学校以及自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号填写在答 题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(B)填涂在答题卡相应位置上。 2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑, 如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡各题目指定区域 内的相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅 笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4.作答选做题时,请先用 2B 铅笔填涂选做题的题号对应的信息点,再作答。漏涂、错 涂、多涂的,答案无效。 5.考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。
1 参考公式:锥体的体积公式 V ? Sh ,其中 S 是锥体的底面积,h 是锥体的高. 3 一、选择题:本大题共 8 小题。每小题 5 分.满分 40 分.在每小题给出的四个选项中,只有 一项是符合题目要求的

1.已知 i 为虚数单位,复数 z1 ? a ? i , z2 ? 2 ? i ,且 | z1 |?| z2 | ,则实数 a 的值为 A.2 B.-2 C.2 或-2 D.±2 或 0

2.设集合 A={(x,y)|2x+y=6},B={(x,y)|3x+2y=4},满足 C ? (A ? B)的集合 C 的个数为 A.1 B.2 C.3 D.4

3.已知双曲线 x2 ? my 2 ? 1 的虚轴长是实轴长的 2 倍,则实数 m 的值是 A. 4 B.
1 4

C. ?

1 4

D.-4

4.已知等差数列{ an }的公差为 2,项数是偶数,所有奇数项之和为 l5,所有偶数项之和为 25, 则这个数列的项数为 A.10 B.20 C.30 D.40

5.已知两条不同直线 m 、 l ,两个不同平面 ? 、 ? ,在下列条件中,可得出 ? ? ? 的是 A. m ? l , l ∥ ? , l ∥ ? C. m ∥ l , m ? ? , l ? ? 6.下列说法正确的是
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B. m ? l , ? ? ? , m ? ? D. m ∥ l , l ? ? , m ? ?

1 在其定义域上是减函数 x B.两个三角形全等是这两个三角形面积相等的必要条件

A.函数 f ( x ) ?

C . 命 题 “ ?x ? R,x2 ? x ? 1 ? 0 ” 的 否 定 是 “ ?x ? R,x2 ? x ? 1 ? 0 ” D.给定命题 P、q,若 P ? q 是真命题,则 ? P 是假 7.阅读图 l 的程序框图,该程序运行后输出的 A 的值 A.5 B.6 C.7 D.8 8 . 已 知 实 数 a , b 满 足 a 2 ? b2 ? 4a ? 3 ? 0 , 函 数
f ( x ? a sin x ) ? b c o s的 最 大 值 记 为 ?( a , b , 则 ? x 1 )

命题 为

?( a , b )

的最小值为 A.1 B.2 C. 3 ? 1 D.3

二、填空题:本大题共 7 小题,考生作答 6 小题,每小题 5 分,满分 30 分. (一)必做题(9~13 题) 9.某社区有 600 个家庭,其中高收入家庭 150 户,中等收入家庭 360 户,低收人家庭 90 户, 为了调查购买力的某项指标,用分层抽样的方法从中抽取一个容量为 l00 的样本,则中等收 入家庭应抽取的户数是 。 10.( 2 x ?
1 6 ) 展开式中的常数项是 x

(用数字作答)。

11 . 已 知 不 等 式 | x ? 2 | >1 的 解 集 与 不 等 式 x2 ? ax ? b ? 0 的 解 集 相 等 , 则 a ? b 的 值 为 。 12 . 在 平 行 四 边 形 ABCD 中 , 点 E 是 AD 的 中 点 , BE 与 AC 相 交 于 点 F , 若 ? ? ?? ? ? ?? ? ? ?? m 。 E F ? m A B n A D ( m , n ,则 ) 的值为 ? ? R n 13.已知点 P 是直角坐标平面 xOy 上的一个动点 |OP|? 2 (点 O 为坐标原点),点 M(-1,0), 则 cos ? OPM 的取值范围是 。 (二)选做题(14~15 题,考生只能从中选做一题) 14.(坐标系与参数方程选做题)在极坐标系中,若等边三角形 ABC(顶点 A,B,C 按顺时针方 7? ? 向排列)的顶点 A,B 的极坐标分别为(2, ),(2, ), 则顶 6 6 点 C 的极坐标为 。 15.(几何证明选讲选做题)如图 2,AB 是圆 O 的直 径,延长 AB 至 C,使 BC=2OB,CD 是圆 O 的切线,切点为 D, 连 接 AD , AD BD,则面 的值为 . BD 三、解答题:本大题共 6 小题,满分 80 分.解答 须写出文字 说明、证明过程和演算步骤。
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16.(本小题满分 12 分) 已知函数 f ( x ) ? A sin( ? x ? 坐标分别为(

?
3

)( A ? 0,? ? 0 ) 在某一个周期内的图象的最高点和最低点的

5? 11? ,2) ( ,-2) 。 12 12 (1)求 A 和 ? 的值; ? 4 (2)已知 ? ?(0, ),且 sin ? ? ,求 f ( ? ) 的值. 2 5 17.(本小题满分 l2 分) 如图 3,A,B 两点之间有 6 条网线连接,每条 通过的最大信息量分别为 1,1,2,2,3,4.从中 条网线且使每条网线通过最大信息量,设这三条网

网 线 能 任 取 三 线 通 过

的最大信息量之和为 ? . (1)当 ? ≥6 时,则保证线路信息畅通,求线路信 的概率; (2)求 ? 的分布列和数学期望. 18.(本小题满分 l4 分) 某建筑物的上半部分是多面体 MN—ABCD, 下半部分是长方体 ABCD—A1B1C1D1(如图 4). 该 建筑物的正(主)视图和侧(左)视图如图 5, 其中正(主)视图由正方形和等腰梯形组合而成, 侧(左) 视图由长方形和等腰三角形组合而成. (1)求直线 AM 与平面 A,B,C,D,所成角的正弦值; (2)求二面角 A—MN—C 的余弦值; (3)求该建筑物的体积. 息 畅 通

19.(本小题满分 14 分) 已知对称中心为坐标原点的椭圆 C1 与抛物线 C2: x2 ? 4 y 有一个相同的焦点 F1,直线 l :
y ? 2 x ? m 与抛物线 C2 只有一个公共点.

(1)求直线 l 的方程;
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(2)若椭圆 C1 经过直线 l 上的点 P,当椭圆 C1 的离心率取得最大值时,求椭圆 C1 的方程及 点 P 的坐标. 20.(本小题满分 l4 分)
1 已知函数 f ( x ) ? ln x ? ax 2 ? x,a ? R. 2

(1)求函数 f ( x ) 的单调区间; (2)是否存在实数 a,使得函数 f ( x ) 的极值大于 0?若存在,求 a 的取值范围;若不存在, 说明理由. 21.(本小题满分 l4 分)
1 ? 已 知 函 数 f ( x 的 定 义 域 为 (-1 , 1) , 且 f ( ) 1 , 对 任 意 x, y ? ( ?1,1 ) , 都 有 ) 2

f ( x )? f ( y ) ? f (

x? y 2an 1 ) ,数列{ an }满足 a1 ? ,an?1 ? ( n ? N * ). 2 1 ? xy 2 1 ? an

(1)证明函数 f ( x ) 是奇函数; (2)求数列{ f ( an ) }的通项公式; (3)令 An ?
n n a1 ? a2 ? ... ? an n ?1 ( n ? N * ) ,证明:当 n ? 2 时, | ? ai ? ? A1 |? 。 n 2 i ?1 i ?1

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广东省广州市 2012 届高三毕业班 4 月综合测试(二) 英 语
本试卷共 12 页,三大题,满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1. 答卷前, 考生务必用 2B 铅笔在“考生号”处填涂考生号。 用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己所在的市、 县/区、学校以及自己的姓名和考生号、试室号、座位号填写在答题卡上。用 2B 铅笔将试卷类型(B)填涂 在答题卡相应位置上 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮 擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答卷纸各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如 需改动, 先划掉原来的答案, 然后再写上新的答案; 不准使用铅笔和涂改液不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后,将试卷和答题卡一并交回。 I 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从〗5 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 I woke up this morning with a fright ! There appeared to be a mouse in my bed tickling my nose and 1 ____ scratching me. It had to be a mouse, for those tiny sharp little nails were scratching me all across my 2 ____ . It couldn't have been a(n) 3 ____ as I didn't own any pets; it couldn't have been a rat, because if what I had read about rats was 4 ____ ,their sharp teeth could 5 ____ their way through solid stone. They do this because their front teeth never stop growing and this is the only way to keep them 6 ____. I didn't dare to open my eyes and face the 7 ____ of the disgusting mouse in the bed with me. I felt so dirty and 8 I didn't want to change my position cither, 9 ____ the mouse would slide onto other areas of my body, which would 10 ____ give me horrible dreams for years to come! Despite my fears, I finally decided to swiftly 1 ____ 1 the mouse away. But it 12 ____ ! I did it again and again and it kept coming back, every single time. There was no way out. I had to face my enemy. I took a breath, gathered my 13 ____ and slowly opened my eyes. To my relief, I saw something far 14 ____ than a mouse and it all came back to me. I had put my baby daughter Rebecca into bed beside me after her first bottle in the morning ! That also reminded me: I needed to trim (修剪)her 15 ____ 1. A. warmly B. lightly C. wildly D. thoroughly 2. A. foot B. hand C. stomach D. face 3. A. mouse B. insect C. cat D.fly 4. A. true B. suitable C. interesting D. clear 5. A. fight B. pull C. carve D. wind 6. A. strong B. sharp C. slim D. short 7. A. horror B. thought C. risk D. cost 8. A. tired B. stupid C. uncomfortable D. disappointed 9. A hoping B. fearing C. assuming D. doubting 10.A. gradually B. temporarily C. surely D. hardly 11.A. throw B. brush C. keep D. send 12.A. returned B. repeated C. dropped D. stayed
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13.A. memories B. thoughts C. energy D. courage 14 A. softer B. cuter C. uglier D. worse 15 A. hair B. feet C. nails D. fingers 第二节语法填空(共 10 小题;钻小题 1. 5 分,满分 15 分) : 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号屮词 语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16-25 的相应位置上。 Inequality between men and women results in poorer health for children and greater family poverty(贫穷),according to a new study. The UN agency Unicef found that, 16 _____ the situation has slightly improved, many women are still not included in family decisions, 17_____ as a result their children are more likely to suffer from poor health. The main finding of the 30-country survey is that equality between men and women is vital to 18 _____ (improve) living standards and health, especially for children in developing countries. The conclusions arc contained in the agency’ s 19 _____ (late) report. This report points to a lack of opportunities for girls and women in education and work,which contributes 20_____ their poverty and lack of power. Where men control the household, less money 21_____ ( spend) on healthcare and food, 22_____ results in poorer health for children. An increase in 23 _____ (employ) opportunities for women would increase 24_____ household power, the report said. For example, the agency found that whoever has more household income decides 25_____ or not it will be used for family needs. II 阅读(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节阅读理解(共 2O 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 4O 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A When the SS Gairsoppa was sunk by a German war boat 70 years ago,it took its huge silver cargo to a watery grave. Today, US divers are working to recover what may be the biggest shipwreck treasure ever. The Florida-based company Odyssey Marine Exploration announced that it had found the Gairsoppa, and cited official documents indicating the British ship was carrying some 219 tons of silver when it sank in 1941 in the North Atlantic f some 300 miles off the Irish coast. Valued then at?600,000, the silver today is worth about $ 210 million, which would make it history's largest recovery of precious metals lost at sea. “We've accomplished the first stage of this project — the location and identification of the target shipwreck — and now we're hard at work planning for the recovery stage,” Odyssey project manager Andrew Craig said. Under the terms of an agreement reached between Odyssey and the British government,the company will retain 80 percent of the silver it can recover from the wreck. The 412-foot Gairsoppa had been sailing from India back to Britain in February 1941 carrying a cargo of silver, iron and tea, when a storm hit. Running low on fuel, the ship was forced to change direction and headed for Galway,Ireland,the nearest port of safety. It never made it,sunk by a German torpedo in the contested waters of the North Atlantic. Of the 85 people on board,only one survived. The Gairsoppa came to rest nearly 15 ,400 feet below the surface, where for decades it was lost to the world. All previous efforts to locate the shipwreck failed.
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New photographs released by the Oddesy show clear details of the ship,including the hole blown open by the torpedo. The find highlights the influential role that modern technologies,such as global positioning systems and deepwater robots,have come to play in the business of finding shipwrecks. Odyssey president Mark Gordon said, "The majority of the world's ocean floor has not yet been explored. We know more about the surface of the moon than we know about the deepest parts of the oceans. It's exciting to be working at depths like these and to be among the pioneers of this unexplored frontier, ” 26. What caused the ship to sink? A. A dangerous storm. B. A German attack. C. A loss of direction. D. An accidental explosion. 27. Where was the ship headed when it sank? A. India. B. Ireland. C. The United States. D. Britain. 28. Which of the following about the Gairsoppa is true? A. All the passengers aboard were killed. B. Some of its treasures have already been recovered. C. It is under more than 15,000 meters of water. D. It is officially owned by the British government. 29. Why has it taken so many years to find the location of the ship? A. The required technology was not available before, B. People had completely forgotten the ship had been sunk. C. Search permission had previously been refused. D. Official ship records have only recently been discovered. 30. What does Mark Gordon think of deep-sea exploration? A. It is more difficult than space exploration. B. It is a very expensive activity. C. It is still in its early stage. D. It can make explorers very rich, B I live in Mumbai, India, a big city, but I came from a remote Kerala village. When I was a- boy, hardly anyone spoke English around me. So, at age nine, Dad sent me to Montfort, an exclusive boarding school. There, I had to speak English or be punished. My uniform was typical English public school : grey jacket, tie, black leather shoes 一 so different from the clothes and most people in my village wore. And our official school sport was cricket, something I'd never heard of, let alone played, before arriving. Montfort had been built for the children of the British officials who once ruled India ’ but by the time I arrived in 1961, nearly all the students were from powerful Indian families. Its English traditions, however, continued. When I returned home for the holidays still wearing my uniform, people stared at me like I was an alien. ”Speak some English,“ they teased. Looking back, I unwittingly brought a bit of English culture to my village. But English and too much Western influence are precisely what many traditionalists and politicians fear. They ask: Will such influences finish off our own culture? Various leaders have tried to erase the British traditions, pulling down old British statues and replacing many British-rule city names with older native names. Some even advocate changing our weekly day of rest from the "Western" Sunday to the “Hindu" Tuesday. Extreme responses I say. You can't change history, and it's only natural for foreign influences
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to affect a nation's culture. So Indian culture, as it is today, is really a mixture derived from centuries of foreign invasions. Add to that the massive changes of the 20th century resulting from the television, jet-age travel, the Internet, etc. Everything from clothes and language to food keeps changing, yet we remain Indian. I believe that Asian cultures are too ancient and deep-rooted to be weakened by foreign influences. Allow me to illustrate ray point. Some time ago, I took my visiting Singapore-born-and- raised cousin to a Chinese restaurant for dinner. Later, while driving home,I talked about the fine Chinese food we'd just had. "Was that Chinese food?" my cousin exclaimed. “Oh, I didn't know. “ It must have tasted too Indian for him to realise it. Meanwhile, like countless others, my village has transformed over the past decades. Many people wear modern clothes and TV brings cricket into local homes. There's even an English- language school,where you can hear kids giggling,yelling,flirting — all in English,but with an Indian accent. Just like the Chinese food you get in India. Are these foreign influences something to worry about? I don't think so. India's Chinese food tastes pretty good to me! 31. What can we infer about the author? A. He was a supporter of British rule in India. B. He came from a wealthy family. C. His family was unpopular in the village. D. He was partly educated in Britain. 32. Which of the following are mentioned by the author as British influences on Indian society? a. Place names b. Language c. Food d. Architecture e. Sport f. Education A. a, b, d, e B. b, d, e, f C. a, b, e, f D. b, c, e, f 33. Why does the author use the example of Chinese food in India? A. To show how foreign customs are adapted to suit local conditions. B. To argue that overseas influences have enriched the lives of local people. C. To explain why foreign influences on local culture should be limited. D. To indicate the loss of local cultural traditions resulting from foreign influences. 34. In the last part of the passage, the author again refers to his village to show . A. life there has improved a lot B. its culture has become less Indian C. culture continues to change over time D. his disapproval of modern youth 35. The main purpose of the passage is to . A. inform B. persuade C. describe D. criticize C Are you an optimist? Do you look at your glass and see it as half full? Do you believe that every cloud has a silver lining and that generally things turn out for the best? Do you believe that if something is meant to be, it will be? If you reply "yes" to all of these questions, then you are an optimist. You probably are enthusiastic,cheerful and outgoing. You may well be successful at work and in love.
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But you may be misguided because things don't turn out for the best. You may believe that when one door closes another one opens (for example,you may fail to land a new job,another chance will come around soon), Wrong. When one door closes, another door slams in your face. That's bitter reality. Now a book has been published which confirms what we pessimists (悲观者)have suspected all along. It's called The Positive Power of Defensive Pessimism. Its author argues that defensive pessimism can lead to positive results. Defensive pessimism is a strategy used to manage fear, anxiety and worry. Defensive pessimists prepare for things by setting low outcomes for themselves. They carefully consider everything that may go wrong and plan for ways to handle these problems. And this gives them a sense of control. Lawrence Sanno, a psychology professor, says, "What's interesting about defensive pessimists is that they tend to be very successful people, so their low opinion of the situation's outcomes is not realistic. They use it to motivate themselves to perform better. ” So far, so good. This is not rocket science. Defensive pessimists prepare carefully and consider what might go wrong, whether at work, on a date or even in a sports game. It makes sense to have a back-up plan. There are many sayings in English urging caution. For example, “Don't put all your eggs in one basket," and “ Don't count your chickens until they hatch. “ To have a confident and optimistic approach to life's problems is good. But listen to what Woody Alien ,the American comedian says, ”Confidence is what you have before you understand the problem.“ There are pros and cons to being an optimist and a pessimist. Don't feel bad if you see the glass half empty. You are a realist. But lighten up and hook up with someone who sees the same glass half full. 36. What is the passage mainly about? A. A book that has recently been published. B. The dangers of being too optimistic. C. The benefits of defensive pessimism. D. How to become successful in life. 37. The underlined word “ it" in paragraph 3 refers to_____. A. the final outcome B. their low opinion C. people's motivation D. their performance 38. The underlined sentence “This is not rocket science" in paragraph 4 means_____. A. the cost is not so high B. there is no real proof C. it's not a dangerous thing to do D. it is quite simple to understand 39. The writer would probably describe himself as_____. A. an optimist B. a realist C. a defeatist D. a scientist 40. Which of the following English expressions would a defensive pessimist believe? A. “Every cloud has a silver lining. B. "The glass is half full not half empty. , C. "Whatever will be, will be. D. “Don't put all your eggs in one basket. D During lectures, my students often ask which is the most difficult language to learn. It's not easy to answer because there are many factors to take into consideration. For a person's first language these factors are unimportant because people learn their mother tongue naturally. So the question of how hard a language is to learn is only relevant when learning a second language.
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Studies have shown that native speakers of Spanish find Portuguese much easier to learn than, say, native speakers of Chinese, because Portuguese is very similar to Spanish, while Chinese is very different. So a person's first language affects their learning of a second language. The greater the differences between a second language and the first, the harder it will be for most people to learn. Many Westerners think that Chinese is the hardest language to learn because of its writing system and pronunciation. But for Japanese speakers, who already use Chinese characters in their own language, learning writing is less difficult than for speakers of languages using the Roman alphabet. A recent study reported that British embassy staff found that the second hardest language to learn was Japanese. More surprising was the language that they found most problematic — Hungarian. In this case the issue was not the writing system (as both English and Hungarian use a similar alphabet) but grammatical complexity. Hungarian has 35 cases (forms of a noun according to whether it is subject, object, genitive, etc. ) and it was this that caused the British diplomatic personnel most difficulty. One suspects they would have even more problems with Tabassaran, a Caucasian language with 48 cases, if they ever had to learn it. Teachers and the circumstances in which a language is learned also play important roles,as does each learner's motivation for learning. If people learn a language because they need to use it professionally, they often learn it faster than people studying a language that has no direct use in their day-to-day life. Put simply,no language is easy Io learn well,though languages which are related to our first language are easier. Learning a completely different writing system is a huge challenge, but that does not necessarily make a language more difficult than another. In the end, it is impossible to say that there is one language that is the most difficult language in the world. 41. According to the passage, who is likely to have the most difficulty learning a new language? A. A Korean person learning French. B. A Spanish person learning Portuguese. C. A German person learning English. D. A Chinese person learning Japanese. 42. Which language do British embassy staff find most difficult to learn? . A. Japanese. B. Caucasian. C. Hungarian. D. Tabassaran. 43. Which of the following is NOT mentioned as a factor affecting language learning? A. The amount of time spent studying the new language. B. The environment in which language learning takes place. C. The reasons a person has for learning the new language. D. The similarity between a person's first language and the new language. 44. Why does the author believe there's no single hardest language? A. All languages are equally difficult to learn well. B. With enough effort, any language can be learned well. C. There is not enough evidence to make any final conclusion. D. People's background and learning situations determine which language is hardest. 45. The writer is probably_____. A. a language learner B. a language teacher C. a newspaper journalist D. an embassy official 第二节信息匹配(共 5 小题;毎小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项字母涂黑。 首先请阅读下列培训中心的信息:

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A . Monash University Study Centre Offers full-time courses in a range of subjects including photography, art and foreign languages. Each programme is 12 weeks long and study time is from 9. 30 am -4. 30 pm Monday -Friday. B. Benz Preparatory Centre Provides tuition for all middle school subjects with fully qualified teachers. The subjects are aimed at helping students prepare for all examinations. Each class meets for three hours, twice a week. Operating time Monday to Friday 8. 30 am to 10. 30 pm. C. Office Work Ready We have supplied high-quality instruction in a range of office related skills including port writing, accounting and office computing for over 15 years. 85% of graduates find jobs within one month of completing our course. Operating hours Monday to Sunday. D. Olympic Study Provides tutoring for all school subjects, Our top quality teachers and small classes ensure each student will receive the attention they need to shoot straight to the top of their class. Hours : 9am to 5pm,Saturday to Sunday. 5. 30 pm to 9. 30 pm E. Orion Training Certified trainers in all Microsoft Office software application. After assessing you current computing knowledge we will design a training programme that will be both fun and an efficient way to maximize your work productivity Hours : Monday — Friday 9. 30 am -3pm. F. Adult Education Service Courses in all basic subjects designed for mature students interested in returning to education or for those who just want to keep their mind active. Hours : Monday to Friday 8. 30am -3. 30pm.. 以下是五个人的信息 D 请匹配个人信息与拟选择的培训中心。 46. John is a high-school student worried about the upcoming exams and wants to improve his performance in the core study subjects. As he lives in his school he can only attend classes on the weekend when he returns home. 47. Wendy is bored working 9am to 5pm as a secretary and wants to change her job. She thinks that improving her computer skills is the only way that she can find a job which is more suitable for her. 48. Fred is planning to study painting and art history in France for a year so he has quit his job in order to prepare. Although he has studied French before,he is worried that his language skills are not strong enough to understand the classes he will attend, 49. Wilma wants to return to work now that her daughter has started school, but thinks her skills are out-of-date. She wants to become familiar with the latest computer software commonly used in office but can only attend classes when not caring for her daughter. 50 Reg is a full-time bank manager planning to enroll into university as a mature-age student studying foreign languages once he retires next year. He must first pass the entrance exam in the core middle study subjects ( Maths,English and Science). Can only attend weekday evenings III 写作(共两节,满分 40 分)
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第一节基础写作(共 1 小题,满分 15 分) 你校英语角的模拟市长论坛将就“As mayor, I will?”这一话题展开讨论。以下是你发 言的思路图: 【写作内容】 请根据以上思路图写一篇发言稿,包括以下内容: 1. 总体设想; 2. 城市规划的几个方面的内容。 【写作要求】 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。 【评分标准】 : 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。 参考词汇:经济:economy 可持续性的:sustainable 第二节读写任务(共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文 Q More and more parents are sending their children on "micro-foreign study tours“. Parents hope these tours, typically 10 to 14 days travelling through English-speaking countries such as America or the UK, will help improve their children's language proficiency as well as provide them with a greater understanding of the local customs and culture. But while these tours are “micro" in terms of time, they certainly aren't micro in price. The average tour costs RMB 30,000 ! And just how useful are they? First of all, participating children don't have much time to “study”. They typically attend a few morning lessons then travel to some world-famous universities or scenic spots in the afternoon and on the weekend. Their exposure to the local culture comes mainly during the time they stay with a local family, usually 2 or 3 days. For the rest of the tour they are with their Chinese classmates,almost always speaking Chinese. And on some tours ,organizers take students, who are often too young to make sensible decisions, on shopping trips where they're encouraged to buy all kinds of useless "souvenirs". No wonder when they return, most children talk of the "fun we had,’ and "places we saw’’ rather than the "things we learnt". So some parents are now having second thoughts about the value of these micro-foreign study tours. How much do they really help their children? Are they worth the money? And finally,are the tours meant for study or just for pleasure? 【写作内容】 1. 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容。 2. 以约 120 词对父母送孩子出国游学的现象进行讨论,内容包括: (1) 你是否赞成文中对出国游学的看法? (2) 以你或他人的经历说明你的观点; (3) 如果有机会,你愿意参加什么样的出国游学? 【写作要求】 (1) 在作文中可以使用_己亲身的经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容但不得直接引用原文中 的句子; (2) 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 【评分标准】 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,篇章连贯。

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2012 年广州二模英语答案
Ⅰ. 语言知识及应用(共两节。满分 35 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 1---5. BDCAC 16. though/ 20. to 6--10. DACBC although 11--15. BADBC 17. and/so 18. improving 22. Which 19.latest 23. employment 24.their 25. whether 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 21. is spent/ will be spent

Ⅱ. 阅读 (共两节, 满分 50 分) 第一节 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 26-30 BBDAC 31-35 BCACB 36-40CBDBD 41-45 ACADB 46-50 DCAEB 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) Ⅲ. 写作(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节:基础写作

As mayor, I’ll focus on the sustainable/continuous/steady development of the city with better transport and economy, smart citizens and a cleaner environment. I’ll expand the city’s public transportation system, which will make getting around more convenient and comfortable. As a means of developing the economy of the city, I promise to provide more jobs for my citizens. Education plays an important role in the future of the city, so I’ll apply myself to putting in/investing more money to improve our schools’ conditions and set up more quality schools. I will advocate building more parks and planting more trees as I believe a greener life is essential to the future of our city. As mayor, I’ll focus on the sustainable development of the city with better transport and economy, smarter citizens and a cleaner environment. I will expand the city’s public transportation system, which will make getting around more convenient and comfortable. As a means of developing the city’s economy, I promise to create more jobs for my citizens. Education is our future so I will put in / invest more money to improve our schools’ conditions and build more quality schools. Finally, I will create more parks and plant more trees as I believe a greener life is essential to the future of our city. 第二节:读写任务 范文一 反对一: 概述一:This passage mainly talks about micro-foreign study tours and the expected benefits for children. However, seeing students' actual experience on such tours, many parents are now suspecting/questioning their true value. 概述二:This passage talks about micro-foreign study tours and their expected benefits for children.However, as for students’ actual experience on such tours, many parents are now questioning their true value. I think such worries are unnecessary. Travelling abroad, whether for study or pleasure, is a good way for students to broaden their horizon and become more sophisticated. My friend David went on such a tour, and said it was the most rewarding experience of his life. He attended a two-week course at Oxford University and then travelled to different parts of the UK, all of which helped him to learn more about the history, culture and society of Britain. He was so impressed by the academic atmosphere at Oxford University that he now dreams of studying there in the future. My own dream is to travel to America, attend some lectures in my dream school, Harvard
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University and travel to different parts of the USA with local students. This way I could have more opportunity to talk in English and learn about its life and culture. 反对二: This passage talks about micro-foreign study tours and their expected benefits for children. However, as for students’ actual experience on such tours, many parents are now questioning their true value. Though expensive, I still think study tours are worthwhile. “A million miles is better than a million books,” the saying goes, and my experience on my own 2-week study tour of the UK confirmed this. Besides the excitement of seeing places I had only read about or seen in movies, my efforts at communicating with local people really helped to build my confidence. Visiting Cambridge has also made me determined to return there one day, but as a student. If I go abroad again, I would like to plan my own tour. By planning the route according to my own interests, and making decisions on things such as transport and accommodations, I would be able to apply what I’ve learned to real life and learn how to survive in a foreign country. ﹡ 范文: 赞成
More and more parents spend more money for their children in expensive “Micro-foreign study tours”.However, they’ve failed to see the expected results and begin to question the value of these study tours. I couldn’t agree more with the author. Students on such tours seldom improve in their spoken English, gain a very shallow understanding of foreign customs, and return loaded with shopping rather than cultural enrichment. I went on such a tour myself four years ago. I still remember how other students behaved in class: they were all obsessed /busy with their own business without paying any attention to the teachers. They were quite “enjoying” foreign classrooms: whispering and laughing, reading Chinese romantic novels, playing game-boys, or just chatting online. Obviously, experiences like these don't make any educational sense. Perhaps, if tours involve students not only from China, but also from other countries, it will force students to communicate in English, which, at least in my opinion, would greatly improve their communicative English skills.

﹡读写任务评分说明
读写任务要求学生应用阅读和写作技能完成语言的交际任务。本题主要考查学生综合应 用语言的能力包括用英语获取信息、处理信息、传达信息的能力、分析问题、解决问题的能 力以及用英语进行思维和表达的能力。 本题主要考查学生的篇章概括和语言表达能力。命题思路要求学生: 概要:要求能抓住文章所含的关键词,即:家长的愿望、客观现实、家长的质疑或困惑。 概括应包括以下要点:

(1) Parents’ hope or expectation. (Paragraph 1) (2) Not as useful / beneficial as they expected. (Paragraphs 2 & 3) (3) Parents’ questioning.
正文:三点写作内容应该注意: (1)明确表示是赞成还是反对文章中对出国游学的看法,同时注意与概要段落的衔接; (2)在用经历说明时,所列的经历必须能支持(1)的内容; (3)如果赞成文中的观点,所设想的出国游学最好能回避或解决文中提到的不好的某 些现象。设想出国游学时,可以不用虚拟语气。

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