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Unit


Unit 5 Music Vocabulary

1. dream of sth./doing sth.梦想,梦见,设想
dream that …梦见, 想到 ①我梦想成为一位伟大的将军。 I dream of becoming a great general. ②我总是梦见我的父母。 I always dream of my parents. ③

我梦见自己像小鸟一样在天空中飞。 I dreamed that I was flying in the sky like a bird.

2. pretend vt. 假装,假扮 常用结构: pretend + n. to do / be 假装… pretend to be doing 假装正在做某事 to have done假装已经做过某事 pretend + that 从句
①他不想去上学,所以他装病。 He didn’t want to go to school, so he pretended illness. (pretended to be ill.)

②她假装对我很友好。 She pretended to be friendly with me.

③当我走进教室时,她假装正在读书。 When I came in, she pretended to be reading.
④当我让他读这篇课文时,他假装已经读过了。 When I asked him to read the book, he pretended to have read it.

3. to be honest(with you) 说实在地,实话说 ①跟你坦白地说,我不认为你能通过这次考试。 To be quite honest with you, I don’t think you’ll pass the exam. to be honest = honestly speaking =to tell the truth be honest with 对…说老实话/诚实 ②每个人都应该和朋友坦诚以对。 Everyone should be honest with their friends.

4. attach…to认为…有重要性;系上,附属于 ①他把马栓到了树上。 He attached his horse to a tree. ②他似乎不太重视这个问题。 He didn’t seem to attach any importance to the question. ③这所学校附属于北京师范大学。 The school is attached to Beijing Normal University. ④他在合同上签了字。 He attached his signature to the contract.

注: attach…to 中 to 是介词,to后面接名词或动名词。 attach…to 系上,连上,附上… attach importance/ significance/ value/ weight to 把…放在重要位置,看重 be attached to 附属于…,喜爱

5. form vt. /vi. 组成, 形成, 构成,养成 ①一个好的计划开始在他的脑海中形成。 A good plan began to form in his mind. ②趁年轻时,养成好习惯。 Form good habits while you are young. form n. 形式,形状,格式 in the form of 以…的形式,呈现…状态 ③这是同一个事物的两种不同的形式。 These are the two different forms of the same thing. ④老师以童话的形式讲述了这个故事。 The teacher told the story in the form of fairy tale.

6. passer-by 过路人,行人 此类名词叫合成名词,其复数形式通常只将里面 的中心名词变为复数。

复数形式: passers-by 相似结构: looker-on → lookers-on 旁观者 son-in-law → sons-in-law 女婿 另外需要注意的是由man和woman 构成的合成 名词,里面所含的所有名词,都要变成复数。 如: woman teacher 女老师→women teachers

7. earn vt. 赚;挣得;获得(表示经过努力所获得的 报酬、荣誉等)

常见搭配: earn one’s respect/praise/love for sth.
因某事赢得某人的尊敬/表扬/爱戴

earn one’s living =make one’s living
自行谋生,自立

earn money= make money 赚钱

①她放弃了她的工作,因为她赚钱太少了。 She gave up her job because she earned too little money. ②他的伟大的成就使他获得了人们的尊敬。 He earned people’s respect for his great achievement. ③我很早就开始自行谋生,取得了独立。

I began to earn my living very early and got independence from my parents.

8. extra adj. 额外的,外加的 ①你加班有加班费。 You will get extra pay if you work extra hours. = You will get extra money for extra work. extra n. 〔 C 〕 额外的东西,添加的东西 ②我不需要额外的东西了,这些足够了。

I don’t need extras because these are enough.

9. play jokes on 戏弄,开…的玩笑
①我们经常互相开玩笑。 We often play jokes on each other. 拓展:make fun of 捉弄,戏弄 (语气更强烈) play tricks on 戏弄/捉弄某人 joke with sb. 与某人开玩笑 make jokes about ab./sth. 以某人/某事为笑柄 tell jokes 讲笑话

10. rely on 依赖,依靠
常用结构: rely on sb. for sth. 依靠某人提供… rely on sb./sth to do 依靠/信任某人做… rely on sb./sth doing 依靠某人做… ①他失业了,所以他只好依靠父母提供衣食。 He lost his job, so he had to rely on his parents for food and clothes.

②我们可以信任他保守这个秘密。
We can rely on him to keep this secret.

11. familiar adj. 熟悉的,常见的,亲近的 be/get familiar with 熟悉,与…熟悉起来

①小孩子最好是和熟悉的人呆在一起。
Children had better stay with the familiar people.

②我对这本书的内容很熟悉。
I am very familiar with the contents of this book. ③我对这种鸟的栖息地很熟悉。 I am very familiar with the habitat of this species of bird.

区分: be familiar with 熟悉(后面多加所熟悉的内容) be familiar to 为…所熟悉,对…来说很熟悉

④这个歌手对所有的同学来说很熟悉。
This singer is familiar to all students.

= All the students are familiar with this singer.

12. or so 大约,左右(常放在数字或时间后面) ①从这里开车到警察局要花费我们大约4个小时。

It will take us 4 hours or so to get to the police station.
②我看到安妮买了大约5 本书。

I saw Anne buy 5 books or so.
表示“大约,左右” ,还可以用 about, some。但是 它们多放在数字前面。

13. break up 打碎;分裂;解体;(关系)破裂
①听到他们婚姻破裂的消息,我们很遗憾。

We were shocked at the news that their marriage broke up.
②那个警察试着要分开人群。 The policeman tried to break up the crowd. ③他们的友谊因为一件小事破裂了。

Their friendship broke up because of a small thing.

与break有关的词组:
break away 逃走,逃脱 break into 闯入 break in 破门而入,插嘴 break off 打断,折断 break out 爆发 break through 突围,冲破,取得进步

break down 出毛病,停止运转

13. in addition 另外,也
①除了地震外,还有海啸。 There was an earthquake, and in addition there were tidal waves. ②他们还吃了大量的水果。

They eat a great deal of fruit in addition.
注: in addition相当于besides,意思是“除了… 之外,还”。

in addition to 用作介词短语,意思是“加之,除了”, 后接名词或代词。
①他除了英语之外,还说法语。

He speaks French in addition to English.
②除了香蕉,他还喜欢吃苹果。

In addition to bananas, he likes eating apples.

14. sort out 分类;(从…中)区分出来; 解决(问题 )
①他们把那些书分了一下类。 They sorted out these books. ②这个问题很烦人,但是我已经解决了。 The problem is boring, but I have sorted it out.

15.above all 最重要,首先
①我们要努力学习,最重要的是,我们必须相信 自己。

We must work hard, and above all we must have self-confidence.
②他有很多缺点,尤其是他总是很自私。 He has many shortcomings, and above all he is always selfish.


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