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高二英语语法专题复习(虚拟语气)教学设计


高二英语语法专题复习---虚拟语气 班级: 姓名: 学号: 一、学习目标 1、理解虚拟语气的基本概念。 2、虚拟语气用于各种从句的情况 二、问题与例题 讨论:英语语言中谓语动词有几种语气? 1 陈述语气 用来陈述事实或可能发生的事,包括肯定、否定和疑问三类。 例题:1)I like playing football. 2) If it rains tomorrow,we will

not go hiking. 3) Do you like playing football? 2.祈使语气 用来提出请求、发出命令、警告、威胁、叮嘱、祝福、建议等。用动词原形或 Don’t 开头。 例题:1)Enjoy yourself with you trip. 2) Don’t be late for class. 3.虚拟语气 在表示虚假的、与事实相反的或难以实现的情况时,用虚拟语气;表示主观愿望或表示某种强烈情感时,也用 虚拟语气。 例题:1)If I were you, I would do it.如果我是你,我就会做。 (与事实相反, “我不可能是你” ) 2)It’s surprising that you should believe such a man.很奇怪你竟然相信这样一个人。 (表强烈的情感) 问题一:英语中的虚拟语气可以分为哪几种? (一).表示假设的虚拟 主要用于对现在、过去和将来事实的假定或与现在、过去或将来事实相反的情况。此时,be 动 词只用 were ,(非正式文体中,第三人称单数也可用 was);在主句中,should 只用于第一人称“我、我们” 。表示假设的虚 拟情况中,从句和主句的谓语动词根据假设的时间可归纳为下表 条件从句谓语形式 与 现 在 事实 相 反 与将来事实相 反 与 过 去 事实 相 反 动词过去式(be 用 were) would / should / might / could + 动词原形 1. should + 动词原形 2. 动词过去式(be 用 were) 3. were to + 动词原形 had +动词过去分词 同上 would / should / might / could +have + 动词过去分词 主句谓语形式

1. 与现在事实相反的虚拟语气 例题:1) If there were no music,the world would be very dull. 如果没有音乐,世界将非常单调。 (事实是:世界上有音乐,所 以并不单调) 2)If I were not listening to the radio,I would be sleeping.如果现在不是正在听收音机,我会正在睡觉。 (事实是:现在 正在听收音机,而不是在睡觉) 3)If I knew his phone number,I would ring him now.如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会给他打电话。 (事实是:我没他 的电话号码,我不会给他打电话) 2. 与将来事实相反的虚拟语气 例题:1)If we should come tomorrow,we could meet the general manager。如果明天真的能来,我们能见到总经理(事实是: 明天很可能不来,所以不能见到总经理) 2) If it snowed tomorrow,our plan would be postponed. 如果明天下雪,我们的计划就得推迟。 (事实是:明天很可能不 会下雪,计划很可能不会推迟) 3)If the sun were to rise in the west,I would not change my mind。即使太阳从西边出来,我也不会改变主意的。 (事实 是:太阳不会从西边出来,我也不会改变主意) 疑难辨析:would,could,might 在主句中的意义(在主句中,should 只用于第一人称“我、我们” ) 例题:1)If you had another go,you would succeed.如果你再试一次,你一定会成功。 (would 表必然的结果) 2)If you had another go,you could succeed.如果你再试一次,你就能成功。 (could 表能够) 3)If you had another go,you might succeed.如果你再试一次,你或许能成功。 (might 表示可能的结果) 3.与过去事实相反的虚拟语气 例题:1)If I had known that you were coming,I would have picked you up at the airport.如果当时我知道你要来,我会到机场 接你。 (事实是:我不知道你要来,我也没去机场接你) 2)If we had had enough rain last year,we could have gained a good harvest.如果去年雨水充足的话,我们可能会有一个好 收成。 (事实是:当时没有足够的雨水,我们也没获得好收成) 疑难辨析:真实条件句与虚拟条件句的意义区别 例题:1)If I have enough money, I will go to the zoo with you.如果我有足够的钱,我会和你一起去动物园。 (此句为真实条件 句,暗含:我得数一数钱是否够,如果够我就去) 2)If I had enough money,I would go to the zoo with you. 如果我有足够的钱,我会和你一起去动物园。 (此句为虚拟条 件句,暗含:事实上我没有足够的钱,没法和你去。 ) 1

【虚拟语气中的特定用法】 1 虚拟语气中的倒装 if 虚拟条件句中有 should,had,或 were 时,if 可省略,从句中主谓倒装。 例题:1)If I had worked hard,I would have surely succeed.→ Had I worked hard,I would have surely succeed.如果当时努力学习,我当然会成功的。 2)If time were to go back,I would work double hard.→ Were time to go back,I would work double hard.如果时光能倒流,我会加倍努力。 3)If it should be fine tomorrow,we should go for an outing.→ Should it be fine tomorrow,we should go for an outing.假如明天天气好,我们就去郊游。 注意: “Were it not for...要不是。。。”“Had it not been for....当时要不是。。。”是常用句式 。。。、 。。。 例题:1)Were it not for your advise, I would never be a good boss.要不是你的建议,我永远成不了好老板。 2)Had it not been for your advise,I would have lost my way.要不是有你的建议,我就迷路了。 2 混合虚拟语气 主句与从句所指的时间不一致时,主从句的时态根据实际的时间概念确定。 例题:1)If it had rained last night,it would be very cold today.如果昨天下雨了,今天会很冷的。 (从句是对过去的假设,主句 是对现在的假设) 2)If we hadn’t got everything ready by now,we should be having a terrible time tomorrow.如果现在一切还没准备好, 明天情况就糟糕了。 (从句是对现在情况的假设,主句是对将来的假设) 3)If I were you,I would have chosen to take a job.如果我是你,我当时就会先参加工作。 (从句是对现在事实的假设, 主句是对过去的假设) 3 含蓄虚拟语气 有时假设的条件不通过条件从句表达出来,而隐含在某些介词短语(如 without 没有,but for 要不是等) 或上下文里,这种句子属于含蓄虚拟语气。 例题:1)Without music(=If there were no music,),the world would be a dull place. 2) But for your advise(=If you hadn’t given me advice), I would have failed. 3)Having known this in time(=If I had known this in time),I could have succeeded. (二) 表示责备及批评的虚拟语气 “should/ought to/could /may/might + have done”表示“过去应该做而未做到” ,该结构的否定式则表示“过去不该做却做 了” ,是一种委婉的责备,语气最强的是 should,最弱的是 might. 例题:1)I have told you many times。You should have done it better.我已经告诉你很多遍了,你本应该做得更好些。 (暗含: “你怎么就是不听呢” ) 2) You needn’t have ordered so much food,only five guests came.你当时本没必要要那么多饭的,仅仅五个客人。 (三) 表示“建议、命令、要求、坚决做”等,从句的谓语动词常用“ (should)+动词原形” ,其中(should+)可省略。 这些动词主要有:decide 决定,insist,persist 坚持, demand, desire,require, request,propose, suggest,command,order 等表“要 求、建议、命令”的词 。 例题:1)I suggested you (should) have enough sleep. 我建议过你要睡足觉。 2)My parents advise I (should) not watch too much TV. 注意:这类动词如果表示“建议、命令、要求、坚决做”以外的意思时,不用虚拟。如 suggest 表“表明、暗示”insist 表 “坚持说、坚持认为”时。 例题:1)The smile on her face suggests that she agrees with me.她脸上的笑容表明她同意我的意见。 2)The boy insisted that he hadn’t broken the window.男孩坚持说他没有打碎窗户。 (四) 表示委婉、客气的虚拟语气 这类虚拟语气用“should/would/could/might+动词原形” 。 例题:1)I don’t think he could be so careless. 我想他不会这么粗心。 (陈述观点) 2)Would you mind turning off the TV?关上电视好吗?(提出请求或邀请) 3)Might I have your bike for a moment?借你的自行车用用好吗?(提出请求或邀请) 4)You might try it again.你不妨再试一下。 (表示建议或试探) 5)I was hoping we could have dinner together. 我希望咱们能一块儿吃饭。 (表示建议或试探) (五) 表示本打算做而未做成 1) hope,want,plan,mean,intend,expect 等动词的过去完成时和这些动词的 “过去式+to have done” 表示过去未曾实现的 “希 望、打算或意图” 例题:I had meant to phone you(=I meant to have phoned you),but I forgot your phone number. 2) should/would like to have done, was/were to have done, had better have done, would /had rather have done ,was/were supposed to have done,等结构表示本想、本该做而未做成。 例题:1) I would like to have gone with you ,but I got up late.我本来想和你一起走,但起晚了。 2)You were supposed to have grasped the chance.你本该抓住这次机会的。 (六) 表示祝愿 常用动词原形或“May+ 主语+ 动词原形” 例题:God bless you!愿上帝保佑你!May you succeed!祝你成功! Long live the people!人民万岁!So be it! 但愿如此! 问题二 虚拟语气用于各种从句的情况 (一)用于主语从句中 这种虚拟的主语从句用 that 引导,谓语动词用“ (should+)动词原形”,其中(should+)可省略。 1 . It is/was important(necessary,appropriate 适当的,proper,right,desirable,essential,etc. )+that 从句。 在这种从句中,should 常译为“应该、必须” 例题:1)It is necessary that you (should) seize every possible chance.抓住每一次机会是很有必要的。 2)It is proper that an independent inquiry (should) take place.进行独立调查很合适。 2

2. It is/was a surprise (natural,unthinkable, strange ,surprising,etc.)+that 从句,在这种句型中 should 常译为“竟然” 。 例题:1) It is surprising that you (should) not understand me!你竟然不理解我! 2)It’s strange that tourists (should) never visit this place.奇怪的是游客竟然从不参观这个地方! 3. It is/was suggested(requested,required,ordered,proposed,decided,etc.)+that 从句 例题:1)It is advised that one (should) take plenty of boiled water.有人建议每个人都应多喝水。 2)It is proposed that the plan (should) be delayed.有人建议推迟这项计划。 (二)用于以下这些宾语从句中 1. 在 wish 后的宾语从句中,谓语动词可按时间情况,采用适当的虚拟结构。wish 后的 that 常省略,其后不能用 should, 表将来的虚拟可用 would/could+动词原形 例题:1)I wish you had come to the lecture.但愿你当时来听报告了。 (过去完成时表对过去的虚拟) 2)I wish I were ten years younger.但愿我能年轻十岁。 (一般过去时表对现在的虚拟) 3)I wish I could fly to the moon some day.我有一天如果能飞到月球上就好了。 (过去将来时对将来的虚拟) 2. 现在或将来要做的事。如谈到过去的动作,则用过去完成时。Would sooner 和 had rather 与 would rather 用法相同。 Would /should rather 后不能加 that. 例题:1)Don’t always make noise.I’d rather you kept silent.不要老是制造噪音。我想让你保持安静。 2)I should rather my daughter attended a public school.我希望我女儿能上公立学校。 3)I’d rather we hadn’t had supper just now.我希望我们刚才没吃过晚饭。 3. advise,decide,insist,persist,demand,desire,require,request,propose,suggest,command,order,recommend, ask,urge 等表示建议、坚持、要求、命令等后面的宾语从句,谓语用“ (should+)动词原形” ,其中 should 可省略。例题: The commander ordered that the bridge(should) be blowed up.司令命令把桥炸毁。 (三)用于表语从句中 1. 表语从句中常用“(should)+动词原形”结构,主句主语为 advice 建议,demand 强烈要求,order 命令,insistence 坚持、 主张,desire 心愿,requirement 要求,request 请求,proposal 提议,suggestion 建议,command 命令,decision 决定, recommendation 推荐等。 例题:My advice is that you (should) quit smoking.我的建议是你马上停止吸烟。 2. as if,as though 引导的表语从句中的虚拟语气 例题:1)It seems as if/as though the meeting would never end.看起来会议没完没了。 (对将来的虚拟) 2)She talks as if /as though she were an American.她说起话来像是美国人。 (对现在的虚拟) 3)We knew each other as if/as though we had been friends for years. 我们彼此了解,好像是多年的朋友。 (过去完成时 对过去的虚拟) 疑难辨析: 1. As if/as though 也可引导事实或很大可能性是事实的从句,常用在系动词 look,seem,taste,smell,sound 等词后。 例题:1)It looks as if it is going to rain.仿佛要下雨。 (事实是:马上就要下雨) 2)It seems as if the boy has lost his way.这个男孩好像迷路了。 (事实是:他可能真的迷路了) 2. It seems that....与 It seems as if.... 例题:1) It seems that he has no worries.他似乎没有烦恼。 (根据事实推出他可能真没烦恼) 2)It seems as if he has no worries.他似乎没有烦恼。(没有烦恼接近事实) 3)It seems as if he had no worries.他似乎没有烦恼。(好像没有烦恼,其实烦恼很多,虚拟) (四)用于同位语从句 与表示 “决定、 主张、 要求、 建议、 命令” 的动词相对应的名词构成的同位语从句中常用 (should) “ +动词原形” 例题:1)English teachers give advice that we (should) make good use of every chance to speak English. 2) The requirement that students (should) learn to protect themselves is successfully carried out in most schools. (五) 用于定语从句 这种从句常用在 It is time(that)......句型中。从句中谓语动词一般用过去式或“should+动词原形”等虚拟 结构。 例题:1)It’s high time we went to school.我们早该上学了。 2)It’s time that we should have a discussion.我们应该讨论讨论。 3)It’s time that we took measures to stop pollution.我们该采取措施停止污染了。 (六)用于状语从句 1. 由 as if ,as though 引导的状语从句有时也用虚拟语气,表明与现实相反的情况。 例题:1)The young man with long hair walks as if he were /was a girl. 2) Everything in my childhood crowed upon my mind as if they had just happened. 疑难辨析:as if 引导状语从句时真实语气与虚拟语气 的区别 例题:1)Gray walks as if he were /was drunk.加力走起路来好像喝醉了。 (事实是并没醉) 2)Gray walks as if he is drunk.加力走起路来好像喝醉了。 (事实是他很可能醉了) 2. In order that,so that, for fear that, in case, lest 等 引 导 目 的 状 语 从 句 , 从 句 中 谓 语 动 词 形 式 为 “should,may,might,can,could,would+动词原形” 。 例题:1)I hired a boat so that I could go fishing.我租了一条船去钓鱼。 2)Bring some money in case you (should) use it.带点钱备用。 高频考点:只保留从句的虚拟语气,在口语中虚拟语气经常省略主句,只保留从句。 1. 只保留 if 从句 例题:1)If my mother were with me.如果我妈妈跟我在一起就好了! 2)If I had known his address.如果当时我知道他的地址就好了! 3

3)If you could come! 如果你现在能来该多好啊! 2. What if.......要是。。。 。。。怎么办? 例题:1) What if I should fail? 万一失败,我怎么办呢? 2)What if weather should rain?如果下雨怎么办? 3. If only....要是。。。 。。。就好了 例题:1)If only she would listen to me carefully.但愿她能仔细听我讲话。 2)If only I had come to the party yesterday. 如果昨天我来参加晚会就好了。 4. If you would.....如果你愿意。。。 。。。相当于 please,表示礼貌的请求。 例题:1) If you would put your address on the back of the check.请在支票的背面写上您的地址。 2)If you would wait for a moment.请您等一下。 知识拓展: 1.Wish to do 表达法 Wish sb / sth to do 例题:1)I wish to see the manager. = I want to see the manager. 2)I wish the manager to be informed at once. (= I want the manager to be informed at once.) 目标检测(单项填空) ( )1.--Will you come to the party? ---__________ you also invite Blade. A. Why not B. Only if C. If not D. When ( )2.If I _______ you, I _______ go there. A. is; will B. is; would C. were; would D. was; will ( ) If it 3. rain tomorrow, We’ll go on a trip. A. isn’t B. doesn’t C. won’t D. Wouldn`t ( )4.I don’t know if he _______tomorrow. A. Will come B. comes C. came D. has come ( )5.The headmaster with his students Hangzhou Paradise Park if it tomorrow. A. is going to; isn’t rainy B. are going to; isn’t rainy C. is going to; won’t rain D. are going to; doesn’t rain ( )6.If I ________ a million dollars, I would give it to medical research. A. will have B. have C. had D. am having ( )7.If I _______ you, I would say another student could do it better. A. was B. were C. were D. are ( )8.—What would you do if you the lottery? —I give half of the money to charities. A. win, will B. win, would C. won, will D. won, would ( )9.I am too busy now. If I____ free, I ____to the cinema with you. A. am; will go B. am; would go C. were; would go D. was; was going ( )10.What_____you do if you had a million dollars ? A.would B.will C.did D.do (目标检测参考答案) 1.B 2.C【解析】本题考查虚拟语气,if 引导的与现在事实相反的虚拟语气。从句用一般过去式,主句用过去将来时。句意: 如果我是你的话,我会去那儿的。 3.B 这题考查时态的用法,if 条件句中用一般现在时代替将来时,而且这里要填助动词的否定式,选 B。 4.A【解析】考查时态。tomorrow 为将来的时间故用一般将来时态,所以选 A。 5.A【解析】考查主谓一致和 if 从句。with 连接几个主语时,与第一个保持一致。排除 B、D;if 条件句用一般现在时代 替将来时,排除 C。句意“如果不下雨,班主任和同学明天将要去杭州天堂公园。 ”故选 A。 6.C【解析】这题考查 if 的非真实条件句的用法,如果和事实不符合,if 条件句和主句要用虚拟语气,和现在的事实相反, if 条件句用过去时,主句用 would do,所以选 C。句意是:如果我有 1 百万美元,我会把它给医学研究。 7.B【解析】在 if 虚拟条件句中,be 用 were,故本题选 B。 8.D【解析】考查虚拟语气。If 引导的条件状从指将来的情况,用过去式, should+do 或用 were to+do 结构;I give half of the money to charities.也是虚拟语气,省略了 if 条件状从,指将来,谓语用 would+do。所以选 D。 9.C【解析】C if 从句用的是虚拟语气,与现实(很忙)相反时,虚拟语气用一般过去时,be 统一用 were,主句用 would do sth. 10.A【解析】考查点:虚拟语气。解题思路:根据句意:如果你有一百万你将会干什么? “如果你有一百万”是对现在的 一种假设,与现在的事实相反。表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气的结构是:主句用 should/would/could/might+动词原形, 从句用一般过去时态。故选 A。 八、配餐作业 A 组:单项填空 ( )1. —I’m going to Larry’s party. But I don’t know what to wear. —If I ___ you, I _______ wear a dress. A. am; will B. were; will C. were; would D. am; would ( )2.If I ___ you, I ___ be afraid . 4

A.was, wouldn’t B.were, won’t C.were, wouldn’t )3. If I ____Alice, I _____them the truth. A. was , would tell B. were ,would tell C. am, will tell D. is , will tell ( )4.--- If I_______ one million dollars, I would give it to medical research. ---If I _______ you, I would give it to charity. A. will have, am B. would have, was C. had, were D. have, is ( )5.If I _______ you, I would _______ my homework myself. A. was; did B. am; do C. were; do D. is; did ( )6.---What would you do if you a million dollars? ---If I you, I’d give it to medical research. A. got, were B. win, am C. won, am D. get, were ( )7.What _____ you _____ if you had a million dollars? A. would, did B. will, do C. would, do D. will, did ( )8.— Come and join us, Ben! — I’m afraid I can’t. I’m too busy now. If I ________ time, I would certainly go. A. had B. will have C. have had D. have ( )9.--What would you do if you ____ a million dollars? --I’d give it to the charity A. win B. won C. will win D. is to win ( )10.—Mum, can I go shopping with Gina? —Well, If I were you, I homework first. A. will do B. have to finish C. must finish D. would do (A 组参考答案) 1.C【解析】试题分析:根据题干,本句的意思应是“如果我是你,我将穿一件裙子。“我”是不可能成为“你” ” ,所以本 句是一个虚拟语气。对于虚拟语气,从句应该用过去式(be 动词,不论是第几人称,都用 were) ,主句用 would do。所以 本题选 C。考点:本题考查虚拟语气。点评:完成本题时注意区分虚拟语气和 if 引导的条件状语从句。虚拟语气是不可能 发生的,是一种假设情况;而 if 引导的条件状语从句,是有可能发生的。如果不明白这两者的区别,就比较容易发错。 2.C【解析】试题分析:根据语境可知此句的含义是如果我是你,我就不害怕。考查的是虚拟语气的基本用法。条件用过去 时,主句要用过去将来时,故选 C。考点:虚拟语气点评:虚拟语气其实就是 if 引导条件状语从句时,词义为“如果” ,不 过这个条件是无法实现的。从句中的谓语动词通常用一般过去时表示,则主句中的谓语动词用过去将来时。 3.B【解析】试题分析:本题的含义是如果我是你,我将告诉他们真相,本题 if 引导的是一个虚拟的条件句,在虚拟句中, be 用 were,主句通常用过去的一种,will 应该用 would,故本题选 B。考点:if 引导的虚拟条件句。 点评:在英文中条件句有两种,一种是真实的条件句,if 后遇到将来时用一般现在时,一种是虚拟的条件句,if 后用过去 时,be 用 were,在英文的实际使用中应该注意它们的区别。 4.【答案】C【解析】考察虚拟语气。第一空,虚拟语气,与现在相反,用过去时。第二空,虚拟语气,与现在相反,用过 去时,be 动词用 were。故选 C 5.C【解析】本题考查的虚拟语气,从句 be 动词用 were,故选答案为 C 6.A【解析】本题是考查的虚拟语气,对于将来的假设,主句用过去将来时,从句用一般过去时,且 be 动词为 were。 7.C【解析】本题是对于虚拟语气的特殊疑问句的考查,根据句子的结构,选 C 8.A【解析】句意:本,来加入我们吧!——恐怕我不能。我现在太忙。如果我有时间,我一定会去的。结合语境可知条件 状语从句中描述的是与现在相反的事实,故条件状语从句中用一般过去时态,选A。 考点:虚拟语气 9.B【解析】试题分析:句意:如果你赢了一百万美元,你要做什么?——我会把它捐给慈善机构。结合语境可知条件从句 中描述的是与将来相反的事实,故用一般过去时态,选 B。考点:if 引导的条件状语从句 点评:虚拟语气是一种特殊的动词形式,用来表示说话人所说的话并不是事实,而是一种假设、愿望、怀疑或推测。判断是 真实条件句还是非真实条件句。只有在非真实条件句中才使用虚拟语气。通过句子意思,看假设的条件是否能够实现,能够 实现是真实条件句,不能使用虚拟语气;假设的条件不能实现则是非真实条件句,要用虚拟语气.判断这个假设是与哪个事 实相反。 1) 、与现在事实相反 若与现在事实相反,条件从句的谓语用过去式(be 通常用 were),主句谓语用“should (would, could, might)+动词原形” 2) 、与过去事实相反 若与过去事实相反,条件从句的谓语用过去完成时(had+过去分词),主句谓语用“should (would, could, might)+have+ 过去分词” 3) 、与将来事实相反 若与将来事实相反,条件从句的谓语用过去式(be 通常用 were),主句谓语用“should (would, could, might)+动词原形” : 20.D【解析】试题分析:句意:妈妈,我能和吉娜去购物吗?——哦,如果我是你,我会首先完成作业。结合语境可知主 句表示的是对现在的虚拟,故用过去将来时态,选 D。考点:虚拟语气。点评:虚拟语气是一种特殊的动词形式,用来表示 说话人所说的话并不是事实,而是一种假设、愿望、怀疑或推测。判断是真实条件句还是非真实条件句。只有在非真实条件 句中才使用虚拟语气。通过句子意思,看假设的条件是否能够实现,能够实现是真实条件句,不能使用虚拟语气;假设的条 件不能实现则是非真实条件句,要用虚拟语气.判断这个假设是与哪个事实相反。 B 组题: (短文改错) ( 5

As the development of the Internet, more and more people tend to send electronic cards instead of paper ones at New Year’s time. Comparing with the traditional cards, electronic cards are more interesting and live, for you can get not only pictures but also the background music and even animated cartoons. Otherwise, it’s faster to send an electronic card. There are many web sites on line which different varieties of cards are available. You can choose one you like best for your friend and relatives. If none of these cards are of any interest to you, you can design cards of unique style use FLASH or other software. More importantly, because the popularity of electronic cards, less paper is used for making paper cards, it contributes to environmental protection. (短文改错参考答案) : 1.As→With 2.Comparing→Compared 3.live---lively 4.去掉 the 5.Otherwise→Besides/Moreover 6. which→where 7 friend→friends 8. use→using 9. because 后加 of 10.it→which 命题思路 考点 解题关键 1 考查介词的搭配 with 后跟名词短语,as with the development of 随着??的发展 后跟句子 2 考查非谓语动词 主动与被动是考虑的重 根据句意,要使用被动形式 compared 短语结构 点 3 live 考查形容词 与前一个形容词对应,用 lively 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 考查冠词 考查连词 考查关系词 考查名词的数 考查分词 考查连词的使用 考查非限制性定 语从句 物质名词和抽象名词前 不用冠词 根据语境判断逻辑关系 where 作状语 并列名词的数要一致 现在分词作后置定语 区别 because 和 because of 判断非限制性定语从句 的依据 background music 背景音乐 besides ,moreover 再者,另外 which 限定名词 your friends and relatives 您的亲朋好友 using 作后置定语修饰 style 由于是名词短语,所以应该用 because of 由该句中逗号可以判断出是非限制性定语从句

C 组题: Dear Susan, I'm very gladly to hear you are coming to visit me the next Friday. Unfortunately, I won't be able glad to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. You won't find∧difficult to get because/as it to the city center. The airport bus leaves every 30 minute and will take you rightly to the minutes right Friendship Hotel. My classes will be over by then or I will pick you up there. I will take you and together to a hot pot restaurant for dinner and we'll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner. about Having a pleasant trip and see you Friday. Have Yours, Zhang Ming 九、教学反思

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