北雅国际英语9月第二周学生周测试卷 高 三 年 级
注意事项： 1、本试卷满分 75 分。 2、选择题答案填写在相应方框内，考试时间为 70 分钟。 一、单项选择(1*15=15) 请认真阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 1 2
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21. In recent years global warming is becoming concern for people all over the world. A. the; the B. 不填; a C. 不填；不填 D. the; 不填 22. Troubled by a terrible headache, Catherine wondered how she could ___ herself of the bad situation. A. throw B. rid C. move D. Remove 23. --- Oh, John, what shall I do? My boss dislikes me! --- Well, come on! Let's __________ your troubles and enjoy the party! A. put away B. put aside C. put off D. put out 24. –I really thought I‘d win the game. –Oh, well, _____, Bill. A. you are right B. best wishes C. better luck next time D. congratulations 25. _____ heart problems for more than four years, he couldn‘t _____ the expedition to photographing wild animals in Africa. A. Having suffered from, join B. Having been suffered from, join in C. Suffered from, join D. Suffering from, join in 26. —How many students, do you think, will be present at the speech? —I expect over 200 students then. A. there being B. there to be C. there be D. there been 27. Now I see you want to ___ the position as you said just now. Could you please give me a brief ____ your intention? A. apply for, account of B. react to, introduction about C. reply for, description of D. remind of, instruction about 28. , Mr. Smith managed to send his daughter to school. A. As he was a poor man B. A poor man as he was C. Poor man as was he D. Poor man as he was 29. Companies should choose a suitable brand name that both salesmen and consumers will ____ positive images. A. appeal to B. be appealed to C. associate with D. be associated with 30. more and more forests destroyed, many animals are facing the danger of dying out. A. Because B. As C. With D. Since
31. _________ by the moving scene, the young man determined to _________ his ways and be good. A. Being touched; repair B. Touched; mend C. Having been touched; find D. To be touched; fix 32. ---Doctor, what do you think about the operation on my mom? ---Couldn't be better. I'm sure she'll recover _________. A. one by one B. side by side C. by and by D. by the by 33. In the past few years, the fast food restaurant has improved the cooking skill and ________ different customers' popular demands. A. applied to B. catered to C. contributed to D. turned to 34. Adults who are skilled and active sometimes _____ provide target models of behavior in the course of everyday activities. A. gradually B. desperately C. ambiguously D. unintentionally 35. If you had been more careful, you___ the traffic accident. A. could avoid B. would avoid C. could have avoided D. must have avoided 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，共 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
That night, Joe came home very late, dragging his 36 feet, obviously tired. He then sat down by the window, 37 his head. Hearing her husband, Kay 38 out of the kitchen, but to her 39 , Joe sat, without 40 . Usually, when he came home, he would greet her with a 41 or a hug. Immediately Kay 42 something unusual. She went over to Joe and asked, "Tell me, my dear, what's the 43 news?" ―Well, I have to say that things are not in our 44 . It seems that I have no 45 of defeating my opponent. He's much more 46 , for he's been holding the position for nearly four years, and people think he's done a 47 job. Many signs show that he's in the 48 .‖ ―Oh, well, I still believe you have your own 49 . You're in your forties—the 50 age for a man. You're new, so people have reason to 51 you to do better. So let's go to the voters and tell them, ?Give Joe Hart a chance, and he'll show you who's the better 52 .‘ ‖ Their next three weeks were spent visiting different neighbourhoods, going to all kinds of parties, making speeches at universities and gatherings. 53 Jody and Juile, their small children, went from door to door, 54 their request "Please vote for our daddy, Joe Hart!" The night before the final vote, the whole Hart family were too anxious to sleep. As the final result was declared, their hearts in their mouths, they all 55 and burst into tears. Joe Hart had become head judge of the state of Texas, USA. 36.A.heavy B. long C. light D. slow 37.A. lifting B. raising C. hanging D. combing 38.A. walked B. watched C. drove D. stole 39.A. anger B. joy C. surprise D. disappointment 40.A. hope B. moving C. patience D. smile
41.A. sign 42.A. said 43.A. lucky 44.A. favour 45.A. time 46.A. interesting 47.A. good 48.A. success 49.A. people 50.A. youngest 51.A. force 52.A. choice 53.A. Although 54.A. answering 55.A. left
B. wave B. sensed B. exciting B. way B. thought B. experienced B. poor B. office B. reasons B. best B. expect B. friend B. Therefore B. repeating B. cried
C. word C. was told C. good C. place C. hope C. lovely C. unsatisfactory C. lead C. rights C. lucky C. order C. leader C. As C. saying C. laughed
D. kiss D. did D. bad D. sight D. wish D. fit D. funny D. government D. advantages D. older D. ask D. person D. Even D. offering D. jumped
第三部分：阅读理解 （满分 20 分） 1 2 3 4 11 12 13 14
When I was growing up, I had an old neighbor named Doctor Gibbs. He didn't look like any doctor I'd ever known. He never yelled at us for playing in his yard, but was always very kind. When Doctor Gibbs wasn't saving lives, he was planting trees. He had some interesting theories about planting trees. He believed in the principle: "No pain, no gain". He hardly watered his new trees, an attitude which flew in the face of conventional wisdom. Once I asked why and he told me that watering plants spoiled them because it made them grow weaker. He said you had to make things tough for the trees so that only the strongest could survive. He talked about how watering trees made them develop shallow roots and how, if they were not watered, trees would grow deep roots in search of water. So, instead of watering his trees every morning, he'd beat them with a rolled-up newspaper. I asked him why he did that, and he said it was to get the tree's attention. Doctor Gibbs died a couple of years after I left home. Every now and then, I walked by his house and looked at the trees that I'd watched him plant some 25 years ago. They were tall and strong. I planted a couple of trees myself a few years ago. Two years of attending these trees meant they grew up weak. Whenever a cold wind blew, their branches trembled. Adversity seemed to benefit Doctor Gibb's trees in ways comfort and ease never could. Every night before I go to bed, I check on my two sons. I often pray that their lives will be easy. But lately I've been thinking that it's time to change my prayer. I know my children are going to encounter hardship. There's always a cold wind blowing somewhere. What we need to do is to pray for deep roots, so when the rains fall and the winds blow, we won't be torn apart. 56. With the trees planted, Doctor Gibbs often______. A. kept watering them every morning B. talked to them to get their attention
C. paid little attention to the m D. beat them to make them grow deep roots 57. What does the underlined word "Adversity" mean in the sixth paragraph? A. Difficult living conditions. B. Lack of moisture. C. Enough care or attention. D. Bad weather. 58. Which prayer does the author wish for his sons? A. Have an easy life, without too much to worry about. B. Be able to stand the rain and wind in their lives. C. Have good luck, encountering less hardship in their life. D. Meet people like Dr Gibbs in the future. B The power of humor and laugher is numerous. They entertain us and make us feel good. But, above all, we have discovered that humor and laughter are the best medicine. They relieve pain, reduce stress and anxiety, and are anti-aging and longevity facilitators. They are extremely necessary for helping us to find and maintain a balance between life and work. However, they are slipping away from us. We have become far too serious. The only ones who still enjoy humor, laughter, fun and play to the fullest are young children. Children tend to laugh an average of 200 times a day. For adults, however, it is a totally different story. In the 1950s people laughed on average 18 times a day. Today, we are lucky if we average between 4-6 times a day. As a matter of fact, a recent study found that people laugh 6 more times in the presence of one person but 30 more times in a group of people. You can get a chuckle(咯咯笑) from jokes you get on the Internet, but it is not the same as belly jiggling laughter (a deep laugh) you get when you interact with others. Socializing with friends and relatives was much looked forward to. However, this is no longer the case. In fact, the majority of people can hardly find time, nor do they have the inclination towards socializing outside home. They turn to electronic media such as television, computers, the Internet, videos, CDs, and audio equipment, which can provide them with instant self-entertainment at the push of a button. The workplace does not fare(进展) much better. Due to the pressures to produce more in the same or fewer hours available and to compete, for example, in a manufacturing field with cheaper labor elsewhere in the world, humor and laughter in the workplace have gradually eroded（逐渐毁坏） away. I have developed a real appreciation, perhaps closer to a strong desire for the power of humor and laughter. This encouraged me to write my first book titled ―The Power of Humor‖ and subsequently my second book titled ―Kids Say the Goggonest Things‖ based on the natural humor, laughter, play and fun that kids experience and they freely share with parents, grandparents and teachers. From writing about humor and laughter, people start to ask me to speak up for them. To date, I have developed a number of humor-laughter topics that I use in my keynote presentations. You are invited to subscribe to my free monthly e-magazine ―The Humormeister‘s Forum‖ by clicking on the Free Humor E-zine navigation button on the website. 59. According to the author, laughter is leaving us partly because ________. A. we treat everything in a serious way B. it relieves pain, reduces stress and anxiety C. we fail to maintain balance between life and work D. the pace of change in our lives is becoming faster 60. The fourth paragraph mainly tells us that ________. A. getting a deep laugh nowadays is difficult B. we can entertain ourselves with the help of the Internet C. people laugh more heartily when spending time with others D. researchers have made a new discovery about the effect of laughter 61. The underlined word ―inclination‖ in Paragraph 5 most probably means ―________‖. A. destination B. tendency C. attitude D. approach
62. Which of the following articles can we most probably find in ―The Humormeister‘s Forum‖? A. The power of honesty. B. Don‘t be your own worst enemy. C. Live life purposefully: The relationship within. D. Funny Christmas stories to share with your loved ones. C Conventional wisdom says that hardship can make us old before our time. In fact, a new study suggests that violence not only leaves long-term scars on children‘s bodies, but also changes their DNA, causing changes that are equal to seven to ten years of premature aging. Scientists measured this by studying the ends of children‘s chromosomes(染色体), called telomeres, says Idan Shalev, lead author of a study published in Molecular Psychiatry. Telomeres are special DNA sequences which prevent the DNA in chromosomes from separating. They get shorter each time a cell divides, until a cell cannot divide any more and dies. Several factors have been found to shorten telomeres, including smoking, radiation and psychological stresses such as being treated badly when young and taking care of a chronically ill person. In this study, researchers examined whether exposure to violence could make children‘s telomeres shorten faster than normal. They interviewed the mothers of 236 children at ages 5, 7 and 10, asking whether the youngsters had been exposed to domestic violence between the mother and her partner; physical maltreatment by an adult; or bullying. Researchers measured the children‘s telomeres—in cells obtained by swabbing the insides of their cheeks—at ages 5 and 10. Telomeres shortened faster in kids exposed to two or more types of violence, says Shalev. Unless that pattern changes, the study suggests, these kids could be expected to develop diseases of aging, such as heart attacks or memory loss, seven to 10 years earlier than their peers. Shalev says there is hope for these kids. His study found that, in rare cases, telomeres can lengthen. Better nutrition, exercise and stress reduction are three things that may be able to lengthen telomeres, he says. The study confirms a small but growing number of studies suggesting that early childhood adversity imprints itself in our chromosomes, says Charles Nelson, a professor of pediatrics and neuroscience at Harvard Medical School. 63. The new study found that ________. A. hardship can change a child‘s aging B. violence leaves scars on a child‘s mind C. violence can speed up a child‘s aging D. hardship has a long term effect on a child‘s mind 64. According to the text, telomeres ________. A. are at the ends of people‘s chromosomes B. can help prevent DNA from separating C. can make a cell die quickly D. become shorter before they die 65. Which of the following is TRUE according to the text? A. Violence can cause quick cell division in children‘s body. B. Researchers measured the children‘s telomeres from their legs in the study. C. Being treated badly will make a child‘s telomeres shorten faster. D. Children who have shorter telomeres may have a heart attack earlier. 66. What is the best title for the text? A. Violence Aging Children‘s DNA B. Children‘s Changing DNA Patterns C. Violence and Telomeres D. The Function of Telomeres D This is an excerpt from Emma Watson’s speech at the United Nations headquarters.
Today we are launching a campaign（called "He For She"）. I am reaching out to you because we need your help. We want to end gender inequality, and to do this, we need everyone involved. This is the first campaign of this kind in the UN. We want to try to involve as many men and boys as possible to be advocates for change. I started questioning gender-based assumption a long time ago. When I was 8, I was confused being called bossy because I wanted to direct a play that we put on for our parents, but the boys were not. When I was 14, I started to be sexualized by certain elements of the media. At 15, my girlfriends started dropping out of a lot of sports teams because they didn‘t want to appear masculine. At 18, my male friends were unable to express their feelings. I decided that I was a feminist. This seemed uncomplicated to me. But my recent research has shown me that feminism has become an unpopular word. Women are choosing not to identify as feminists. Why has the word become such an uncomfortable one? I‘m from Britain and I think it is right that I am paid the same a s my male counterparts. I think it is right that I should make decisions about my own body. I think it is right that women be involved on my behalf in the policies and decisions that will affect my life. I think it is right that socially, I am afforded the same respect as men. But sadly, I can say that there is no one country in the world where all women can expect to receive these rights. No country in the world can yet say that they have achieved gender equality. These rights, I considered to be human rights, but I am one of the lucky ones. My life is a sheer privilege because my parents didn‘t love me less because I was born a daughter. My school did not limit me because I was a girl. My mentors didn‘t assume that I would end up nowhere because I might give birth to a child one day. These influences were the gender equality ambassadors that made me who I am today. They may not know it but they are the inadvertent feminists who are changing the world today. We need more of those. Men, I would like to take this opportunity to extend you a formal invitation. Gender equality is your issue, too. Because to date, I‘ve seen young men suffering from mental illness, unable to ask for help for fear it will make them less of a man, or less of men. I‘ve seen men made fragile and insecure by distorted sense of what constitutes male success. Men don‘t have the benefits of equality, either. Both men and women should feel free to be sensitive, both men and women should be free to be strong. This is what "He For She" is about. It‘s about freedom. You might be thinking: who is this Harry Potter girl? What is she doing at the UN? I‘ve been asking myself at the same thing. All I know is that I care about this problem and I want to make it better. And having seen what I‘ve seen and given the chance, I feel my responsibility to say something. Statesman Edmund Burke said all that is needed for the forces of evil to triumph is for good men and women to do nothing. In my nervousness for this speech and in my moment of doubt, I told myself firmly: If not me, who? If not now, when? If you have similar doubts when opportunities are presented to you, I hope those words would be helpful. Because the reality is that if we do nothing, it will take 75 years, or for me it will be nearly 100 before women can be expected to be paid as same as men for the same work. 15.5 million girls will be married in the 16 years as children. At current rate, it will be until 2086 before all rural African girls can have secondary education. We are struggling for a uniting world, but the good news is we have a uniting movement. It is called ―He For She‖. I am inviting you to step forward, to be seen and to ask yourself: if not me, who? If not now, when? Thank you. 67. The campaign ―He For She‖ aims to ________. A. give women more freedom than men B. give men more freedom than women C. involve everyone to struggle for the end of gender inequality D. involve as many men and boys as possible to live a free life. 68. We can know from Emma Watson‘s personal experience that _________. A. feminism has become an unpopular word B. her parents didn‘t love her because she was born a daughter C. she was called bossy because she didn‘t want to appear masculine D. her mentors treated her the same way they treated boy students.
69. What does the underlined sentence mean? A. Good men and women doing nothing leads to evil forces to develop. B. Good men and women need to do nothing to defeat evil forces. C. The victory of evil force leads to good men and women doing nothing. D. It is necessary for good men and women do nothing to combat evil forces. 70. In the speech, Emma calls on people to ________. A. participate in the campaign actively and take actions B. admit that men and women should be equally paid C. pay more attention to men suffering from mental illnesses D. believe in her although she acted in the Harry Potter series 第 II 卷 非选择题 （共 45 分） 第四部分：任务型阅读(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。 The job of raising children is a tough one. Children don't come with an instruction handbook. And each child is different. So parents sometimes pull their hair out in frustration, not knowing what to do. But in raising children---as in all of life---what we do is influenced by our culture. Naturally then, American parents teach their children basic American values. To Americans, the goal of parents is to help children stand on their own two feet. From infancy, each child may get his or her own room. As children grow, they gain more freedom to make their own choices. Teenagers choose their own forms of entertainment, as well as the friends to share them with. When they reach young adulthood, they choose their own careers and marriage partners. Of course, many young adults still seek their parents' advice and approval for the choices they make. But once they "leave the nest" at around 18 to 21 years old, they want to be on their own, not "tied to their mother's apron strings." The relationship between parents and children in America is very informal. American parents try to treat their children as individuals─not as extensions of themselves. They allow them to fulfill their own dreams. Americans praise and encourage their children to give them the confidence to succeed. When children become adults, their relationship with their parents becomes more like a friendship among equals. But contrary to popular belief, most adult Americans don't make their parents pay for room and board when they come to visit. Even as adults, they respect and honor their parents. Most young couples with children struggle with the issue of childcare. Mothers have traditionally stayed home with their children. In recent years, though, a growing trend is to put preschoolers in a day care center so Mom can work. Many Americans have strong feelings about which type of arrangement is best. Some argue that attending a day care center can be a positive experience for children. Others insist that mothers are the best caregivers for children. A number of women are now leaving the workforce to become full-time homemakers. Disciplining children is another area that American parents have different opinions about. Many parents feel that an old-fashioned spanking(一顿打) helps youngsters learn what "No!" means. Others prefer alternate forms of discipline. For example, "time outs" have become popular in recent years. Children in "time out" have to sit in a corner or by a wall. They can get up only when they are ready to act nicely. Older children and teenagers who break the rules
may be grounded, or not allowed to go out with friends. Some of their privileges at home like TV or telephone use may also be taken away for a while. Although discipline isn't fun for parents or children, it's a necessary part of training. Being a parent is a tall order. It takes patience, love, wisdom, courage and a good sense of humor to raise children. Some people are just deciding not to have children at all, since they're not sure it's worth it. But raising children means training the next generation and preserving our culture. What could be worth more than that? Paragraph outline Introduction The goal of parents Supporting details It is no easy task to 71 up children. Parents sometimes feel very frustrated, not knowing what to do. They help children stand on their own two feet 72 depending on parents. of
The relationship between parents and children
An informal relationship exists between American parents and children. ● Children are praised and 73 to realize their dreams. ● Children are treated equally more like 74 . Most young couple struggle with this issue. ● 75 , mothers stayed home with kids. ● Recently, a day care center is where preschoolers are put. ● There is a(n) 76 over whether attending a day care center is a positive experience for children. American parents have different opinions. ● "Time outs" have become 78 in recent years. ● 79 away some privileges is a way to punish older children and teenagers.
The issue of childcare
Ways to 77
Raising children takes patience, love, wisdom, courage etc., but it is 80 it.
完形 36—40 ACACB
26-30 BADCC 31-35 BCBDC
41—45 DBDAC 46—50 BACDB
阅读 56-58 CAB
71. bring 72. instead 73. encouraged 76. argument 77. discipline 78. popular
74. friends 79. Taking
75. Traditionally 80. worth