-----How to write an argumentation（议论文）
要 如何算是一篇好文章？ 点 1.覆盖了所有的要点 全 2. 应用了较多的语法结构 和词汇 词汇,句型 ,
连 接 词
Because of /with 1.(因为)_____ his help, I finished the work at last. As a result of Thanks to
2.More roads will have to be built with more cars, __________（所以）we’ll have less field to grow rice.
as a result/consequence
3.The rent is reasonable, __________, the location is perfect. 房租很合理，另外，位置也很好。 moreover/furthermore
besides in addition
4. The young man didn’t enjoy his old job. _________(相反 ) he finds the new job very interesting.
However, On the contrary,
5. __________(总之), we should make good use of
In short/brief In a word/all in all
In general Generally speaking
6.______________(我认为) , students had better not buy a cellphone.we should spend time and money on other more important things.
In my opinion/it’s my opinion that
As far as I’m concerned
the structure of the article
for the opinion
against the opinion
1.我们举行了一场讨论/调查，讨论内容是…… Recently we had a heated discussion on/about… We had a discussion/survey on… Accroding to a recent survey, … There is much discussion today about… 2. 当说到… 时 When it comes to …， 3. …问题引起了越来越多的关注 The topic of …is becoming more and more popular recently. There is a widespread concern over the issue that…
Opinions are divided on this issue. ? Opinions are mainly divided into two groups. ? Different people, however, hold/have different opinions on this matter. ? Different people, however, think quite differently on this matter. ? People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. ? People, have taken/adopted different attitudes towards this matter.
Some people agree with/approve/support the opinion/decision/idea/view that… ? Some of them hold the opinion/view that… ? Most of then are in favor of the idea that… ? People who are for the idea think that… ? Those who support it think that… ? Sixty percent of the students are for the idea. ? Supporters think/believe that…
? ? ? ? ? ?
However/But/On the contrary/In contrast/ On contrast/On the other hand/…, others are opposed to /are against/disagree with the opinion. People who are against it don’t think so. However, …of them hold a different view. Different from those…, people think… … of the students think that… However, others have different opinions. Others argue that idea, in their opinion, they think/believe that...
What’s more… ? Furthermore/moreover,... ? Meanwhile,… ? What’s worse… ? In addition, … ? Besides, … ? Plus, … ? First,… Second, …Third, …
In short, no agreement has been reached yet. So far, no agreement has been reached.
In short, the students have not arrived at any agreement yet.
As far as I am concerned, In my opinion, From my point of view, Personally, For me, I think...
I firmly support the view that … I’m for the first/ second view.
It’s my opinion that…, because/the reason is that/for one thing,... for another thing,...
论据一 论据二 论据三
可以看出，这类文章的写作，首先要提出问题， 即双方讨论的问题。接下来提出观点一(支持)， 并用一系列论据进行阐明。说明完观点一之后， 再提出观点二（反对），继续用论据进行说明。 最后总结自己的观点。
你班同学组织了一场讨论。主题是：城市是否 可以养宠物。请根据以下信息，介绍讨论情况 ，并说明自己的观点和建议。
1. 安慰孤寡老人 1. 造成环境污染 2. 人与动物和谐相处，增添生 2. 吵闹声，甚至伤人 活情趣 3. 花钱 3. 促进体育锻炼，提供人与人 交流的机会
Recently we had a heated discussion on whether people should keep pets at home in cities. __________________________________________
1. have different on discussion sth Recently we had a views heated on whether
2. react to sth in different people should keep pets atways. home in cities.
3. differ in their attitudes towards sth. get comfort from pets/get along get on well with animals/make life interesting/keep fit/
和谐相处，增添生活乐趣 促进锻炼，提供交流机会 反对： 环境污染 噪音，伤人 花费大
communicate with others
be bad for environment make too much noise attack people cost a lot of money my opinion
Recently we had a heated discussion on whether people should keep pets at home in cities.
Opinions are divided on this issue. Some of the students think it is a good idea to keep pets 论据一 because many old people who live alone at home can get more comfort from pets. What’s more, getting along well with animals will make our life interesting. People who own pets will have more chances 论据二 to walk, thus giving them a time to 观点二 communicate with others. 论据三 On the other hand, the other students are 论据一 against the idea. In their opinions, if too many people 论据二keep pets at home, it is bad for the environment. What’s worse, pets may make too much noise and even attack people. In addition, it costs lots of money to keep pets. 论据三 In short, they have not arrived at any agreement yet.
In my opinion, I like animals, so I don’t think it is bad to keep pets at home. But we must take some measures to prevent them from polluting our environment.
__________ had a discussion about whether__________. Opinions are divided on this issue. ________of the students think _________ _____________. What’s more, _______.
On the other hand, ______ of the students think _____________. What’s worse, ______. In short, _______ have not arrived at any 本人观点：yet. As far as I am concerned ……. agreement /(In my opinion, …….; It’s my opinion that……), For one reason,………. For another reason……… In a word,…….
模板2 We had a heated discussion about/on___________. Students’views/ideas/opinions on it vary/differ from person to person. Some students say / think / believe that… ,
However, others hold the view that……
As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of the first/second view/ I would like to …./The reasons are as follows. Firstly, …… Secondly,…… In conclusion / In a word ,……
? 模板3 ? There
is a widespread concern over the issue that （作文题目）But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. ? A majority of people think that _ 观 点一_. In their views there are two factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place,原因 一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原 因二. So it goes without saying that观 点一.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that观点二. In their point of view, for one thing，原因一. For another thing,原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that观点二_. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that观点一或二. It is not only because ____, but also because ____. ……
对比观点题型 ? （1） 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1． 有一些人认为... 2． 另一些人认为.. 3． 我的看法..
The topic of __________（主题）is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say __________ （观点一）. They hold their view for the reason that __________ （支持的理由一）What is more, __________理由二). Moreover, __________(理由三). While others think that __________(观点二） in the following three reasons. Firstly, __________(支持的理由一). Secondly (besides), __________ （理由二）. Thirdly (finally), __________(理由三). From my point of view, I think __________ （我的观点）. The reason is that __________(原因).
The topic of using cell phones in school is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say cell phones can do good to us students. They hold their view for the reason that cell phones can be used to help us keep in touch with others.What is more, they can help us when we are in danger. While others think that cell phones can do harm to us students in the following reasons. Firstly, we would spend too much time on them and affect our study. Secondly, they can destroy our body health. From my point of view, I think we should not use cell phones in school. The reason is that as students, we should pay more attention to study.
2002年高考题范文 最近，你校同学正在参加某英文报组织的一场讨论。 讨论的主题是：公园要不要收门票？请你根据下表提供 的信息，给报社写一封信，客观地介绍讨论情况。
60%的同学认为 1、不应收门票 2、公园是公众休闲的地方 3、如收票，需建大门、围墙， 会影响城市形象 40%的同学认为 1、应收门票，但票价不宜高 2、支付园林工人工资 3、购新花木
注意： 1、信的开头已为你写好。 2、词数：100左右。 3、参考词汇：门票：entrance fee Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we’ve had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks.
Dear Editor, I'm writing to tell you about the discussion we've had about whether an entrance fee should be charged for parks(提出问题). 过渡句 观点一 Opinions are divided on the question. 60％of the students are against the idea of entrance fee. They believe a public park should be free of charge. People need a place where they can rest and enjoy themselves. 论据一 Changing entrance fees will no doubt keep some people away. What is more, it will become necessary to build gates and walls, which will do harm to the appearance of a city. 论据二
On the other hand, 40％ think that fees should be charged because you need money to pay gardeners and other workers, and to buy plants and young trees. They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. 论据二 Yours truly Li Hua 可以看出，这类文章的写作，首先要提出问题， 即双方讨论的问题。接下来提出观点一，并用一系 列论据进行阐明。说明完观点一之后，再提出观点 二，继续用论据进行说明。如果需要说明自己的观 点，可接下来说明自己的观点。
用英语写一篇关于学生网上交友的短文， 介绍人们的不同观点，并表达自己的看法。 参考词汇： 网络朋友on-line friend(s)， 上当受骗to be cheated 赞成的理由 反对的理由 你的看法
1．广交朋友 2．可自由表达 思想 3．利于外语学 习 1．浪费时间 2．影响学习 3．可能上当受 骗