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现在分词学案


语法学案 (现在分词)

一、Autonomous learning
Definition(定义):非谓语动词 verb-ing 形式包括____________和_____________。现在分词 在句子中可以做_____________/______________/_____________/______________。 指出下列划线部分的

语法成分: (1) That is an interesting speech.( ) )

(2) I know the boy playing basketball on the playground now. ( (3) This question is puzzling.( (4) we found him watching TV. ( (5) ) )

Asking around,I find many people willing to pay higher taxes. (

) )

(6) Other types of waste flows into water,killing river and sea life. (

二、Analyses of key points
探究 1:Function(现在分词功能) 1) The news is very exciting. 翻译_________________________________________________. 总结:: 现在分词作____________________, 说明主语的特征或性质。 练习: 这部电影令人恐怖。 (frighten) 翻译_________________________________________________. 2) I heard her singing in the classroom 翻译_________________________________________________ 总结:: 现在分词作____________________,还有下列动词适合用现在分词作宾补。 hear/feel/watch/see/have/ find/keep /sb doing sth 3) This is an interesting book.。 翻译___________________________________________________. 总结:: 现在分词作 ___________________. 一个分词作定语,放在名词________,相当于 定语从句。 4) The man riding a horse is my brother. =The man who rides a horse is my brother. 翻译_________________________________________________. 总 结 :: 现 在 分 词 短 语 作 _____________ , 放 在 名 词 ___________, 相 当 于 一 个 _____________句。 练习:坐在那里的男孩是我的学生。 翻译_________________________________________________. __________________________________________________. 5)They sat chatting.
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翻译下列句子,并总结其用法

语法学案 (现在分词)

翻译_________________________________________________. 总结:: 现在分词作___________________,表伴随,两个动词同时发生。 练习:他们坐着看电视。 翻译_________________________________________________。 6)Being ill, he could not go to school. =Because he was ill, he could not go to school. 翻译_________________________________________________。 总结:: 现在分词短语作_______________,相当与一个_______________句。 练习:因为他学习努力,通过考试。 翻译:_________________________________________________ __________________________________________________. 7)当我一走进房间时,我就打开灯。 _____________________________, I turned on the light. _____________________________, I turned on the light. 总结: 现在分词短语作_______________,相当与一个________________句。 8) 如果你努力学习,你就会考试及格。 _______________________,you will pass the exam. _______________________,you will pass the exam. 总结:: 现在分词短语作_________________,相当与一个________________句 9) 浓烟进入空中,使人生病。 Heavy smoke goes into the sky. As a result, _______________________________.

=Heavy smoke goes into the sky, ________________________________________. 总结: 现在分词短语作____________________________.. 10)虽然富有,但他并不快乐 _____________________________, he was unhappy. (让步状语从句) _____________________________, he was unhappy. (用现在分词改写) 总结:: 现在分词短语作___________________,相当与一个_________________句 探究 2:现在分词的否定式=not+现在分词 由于没按时完成作业,他被老师批评。 _______________________(not do) his homework in time, he was criticized. 探究 3:现在分词的时态与语态 现在分词 一般式 完成式
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主动形式

被动形式

语法学案 (现在分词)

动原 一般式主动式 一般式被动式 work see working _______ being worked ___________ ___________

完成式主动式 having worked ____________ ____________

完成式被动式 having been worked _______________ ________________

find ________

他走进房间,打开了电视机。 __________________________________, he turned on TV set (动作同时性) =When he came into the room, he turned on TV set __________________________________, he moved to another city.(动作先后顺序) =After he had lived there for 5 years, he moved to another city. __________________________________, he still could not understand it. =Though he has been told many times, he still can not understand it. 探究 4:非谓语动词作状语的句型结构注意的问题。 非谓语动词作状语时, 一是它相当于状语从句, 二是它逻辑上的主语必须和句子的主语一致。 (1 )Finding her car stolen, ______________. A. a policeman was asked to help C. it was looked for everywhere B. the area was searched thoroughly D. she hurried to a policeman for help

(2 )___________ to the train station, the train had left. A When getting 三、Group work 1. 用分词短语改写下列句子: (1) Because he was ill, he can’t go to work today. _________________________, she can’t go to work today. (2) As soon as I saw him, I told him about the good news. __________________________, I told him about the good news. (3) After had talked to him for 2 hours, he went to bed.. _________________________, he fell asleep. (4)They lay on the grass, and looked at the sky. They lay on the grass,___________________________. (5) If you work harder, you will pass the exam. __________________________, you will pass the exam. (6 )Heavy smoke goes into the sky. As a result, it makes us sick. Heavy smoke goes into the sky,_________________________________. (7) The man who is reading newspapers is my father. The man____________________________ is my father.
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B Getting

C When I got

D Having got

语法学案 (现在分词)

2.选择填空 (8)The people _______ here are hard working. A who works B working C which works D being worked

(9) The difference in thickness and weight from the earlier version makes the iPad 2 more comfortable A. held . C. be held D. to hold A exciting B excited C excite D to excite

B. holding

(10) This film is _____________.

(11)we found him _______ newspapers. A being read B reading C Having read D to read

(12) _____ fully,you will not pass the exam.. A If you not prepare B Not preparing C Preparing not D If not prepared

(13) The factory keeps giving off smoke, _____ the air polluted. A making B and make C and made D having been made

(14)_______ at the bus stop, he got on the bus. A when he arrives B Arrived C On arriving D When arrived

(15)_________the sentence again and again ,but he still couldn’t understand it. A Having read B Reading C Though he reads D He read

(16) He was lying on the ground, ________ at the stars in the sky. A stared B staring C having been stared D and stares

(17 )__________ many times, the boy still couldn’t understand the text. A Having told B Having been told C Being told D Telling

(18)__________Sunday, the students are at home. A.Being B. Because it is C.It is D.is

(19) .Finding her car stolen,_____. A.a policeman was asked to help B.the area was searching thoroughly (20).___his key, he couldn‘t enter the room. A.Having been lost B.He had lost C.Having lost D.Losing C.it was looked for everywhere D.she hurried to a policeman for help

Your problems:

_____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________
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语法学案 (现在分词)

答案:一、Autonomous learning 1. 指出下列划线部分的语法成分: (1) (定语) (2) (定语) (3) (表语) 二、Analyses of key points 探究 1: 1) 2) 3) 4) 这个消息令人激动。表语, The film is frightening. 我听到他在教室唱歌。宾补 这是一本有趣的书。定语,前面. 在骑马的人是我的兄弟。定语 , 后面,定语从句 , The boy who is sitting there is my student..The boy sitting there is my student. 5) 6) 他们坐着聊天, 状语, They sat watching TV. 因为生病,他不能来上学。原因状语, 原因状语从句, :Because he worked hard, he passed the exam. Working hard, he passed the exam. 7) 8) 9) When I came into the room, Coming into the room,时间状语, 时间状语从句 If you work hard,Working hard,条件状语_,条件状语从句。 it makes people sick. making people sick. 结果状语。 (4) (宾补) (5) (状语) (6) (状语)

10) Though he was rich, Being rich, 让步状语,让步状语从句 探究 2:Not having done 探究 4:D,C 三、Group work 1 用分词短语改写下列句子: (1) Being ill, (2) Seeing him, (3) Having talked to him for 2 hours, (4) looking at the sky (5) Working harder (6) making us sick (7) reading newspapers (8) 8-20 BBABBACDBBBDC

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语法学案 (现在分词)

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