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过去分词学案


Period 3 Grammar 过去分词作定语和表语 过去分词作定语 [例句展示] 仔细观察下列句子中的过去分词的用法。 1. The recovered animals will be released soon. 2. We needed much more qualified workers. 3. Paper cuts used for religious purposes are often found in temples. 4. He is a teacher loved by his students. 5. The student dressed in white is my daughter. = The student who is dressed in white is my daughter. [自我归纳] 1. 过去分词作定语时, 表示的动作在__________之前发生, 已经完成并具有________意义 (见 句 1) 。此时,作定语的过去分词一般是由__________动词变来的,因为只有此类动词才有被 动意义。 2. 单个的过去分词作定语一般放在被修饰的名词__________(见句 1、句 2) 。_________作 定语要放在被修饰的名词后面,作后置定语,表示被动或完成,其作用相当于一个 ____________(见句 3、句 4、句 5) 。 [拓展] 1. 不及物动词的过去分词也可作定语,一般作前置定语,不表示被动意义,只强调动作完成。 如:fallen leaves 落叶;retired workers ______________;the risen sun ____________。 2. 如果被修饰的词是由 every / some / any / no + thing / body / one 所构成的复合代词或指示代 词 those 或 these 等时,即使是单一的过去分词作定语,也要放在被修饰词的后面。如: There is nothing changed here since I left this town. 3. 过去分词短语有时还可用作非限制性定语,相当于一个非限制性定语从句,前后用逗号分 开。如: Some of them, born and brought up in rural villages, had never seen a train. [辨析] 过去分词与动词-ing 形式作定语时的区别: 动词-ing 形式作定语时与所修饰的名词之间是_________关系,表示动作____________;而过 去分词作定语时,则表示________ 或 ________ 意义。如: 1. Look at that running dog. 2. Who is the girl writing a letter there? 3. The book written by Lun Xun is very popular. 过去分词作表语 [例句展示] 仔细观察下列句子中的过去分词的用法。 1. The street is lined with small shops. 2. Tom was astonished to see his father. [自我归纳] 过去分词作表语时,与谓语动词构成____________结构,表示主语的性质、特征和_______。 [辨析] 1. 过去分词作表语时与被动语态的区别:过去分词作表语,主要表示主语的状态和特征,而 被动语态则表示动作。如: The library is now closed. The cup was broken by my little sister yesterday. 2. 有些动词如 interest, worry, surprise, frighten 等通常用其过去分词形式来说明人的情况,用
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动词-ing 形式来说明物的情况。如: The book is interesting and I’m interested in it. 专题练习 一、用适当形式填空。 1. The animal and plants that they found there were (astonish) 2. I was (astonish) to learn that his long lost child had been found. 3. The news made us (disappoint) 4. The mother went to visit Einstein. (puzzle) 5. The fierce lion looks (frighten). Keep away from its cage or it will attack you. 二、分别用定语从句和 V-ed 形式完成下列句子。 1. The book ___________________ (一本农民写的书) is very popular. 2. The building _________________(去年建的楼房) now collapsed in the Wenchuan earthquake. 3. The problem _________________________(在昨天会议上讨论的) was very difficult to solve. 4. The window _________________________(被那个顽皮男孩打破的) is being repaired 5. The children ________________________(昨天在医院检查的) were seriously ill. 6. The people _________________(暴露在阳光下的) got sunburnt. 7. The boy _____________________________(受到老师惩罚的) is now a college student. 8. The water ___________________________(送到他家的水) carried disease. 9. Most of the artists___________________ (被邀请去参加聚会的) were from South Africa. 10. The students ____________________(受到老师鼓舞的)worked harder than ever before. 三、单选。 1. The Emperor’s New Clothes is an ______ text. All of us are ______ about it. A. exciting; exciting B. excited; excited C. excited; exciting D. exciting; excited 2. — I’m very ______ with the dish I cooked. It looks nice and smells delicious. — Mm. It does have a ______ smell. A. pleasant; pleased B. pleased; pleased C. pleasant; pleasant D. pleased; pleasant 3. I have read plenty of books ______ by Lu Xun. A. written B. wrote C. writes D. writing 4. Lily seems very much in the magazine, but I think it’s too expensive. A. interested B. interesting C. to interest D. to be interesting 5. All the passengers should remain when the plane is making a landing. A. seat B. seating C. to be seating D. seated 6. are now good care of in the hospital. A. The workers injured; taken
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B. The injured workers; being taken C. The injured workers; taken D. The workers injured; being taken 7. Most of the artists _____ to the party were from South Africa. A. invited B. to invite C. being invited D. had been invited 8. The computer center, _____last year, is very popular among the students in this school. A. open B. opening C. having opened D. opened 9. Cleaning women in big cities usually get _____ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay 10. —How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers? —The key _____ the problem is to meet the demand _____ by the customers. A. to solving; making B. to solving; made C. to solve; making D. to solve; made 11. _______ English is different from ______ English in many ways. A. Spoken; written B. Speaking; written C. Spoken; writing D. Speak; write 12. The woman ________ there under the tree, _______ in a blue shirt, is our headmaster. A. sitting; wearing B. sitting; dressed C. seating; dressed D. seated; dressing 13. Linda worked for the Minnesota Manufacturing Mining Company, _____ as 3M. A. knowing B. known C. being known. D. to be known 14. The _____ dishes lay on the floor. A. breaking B. broken. C. broke. D. break 15. Sandy, hurry up. I’m afraid you won’t have time to ____ before the party. A. get changed. B. get change. C. get changing. D. get to change. 16. He seems quite _____ at the idea. A. pleasing B. pleased C. please D. pleasant. 17. She felt rather _______that she shouldn’t drive the car at such a _______ speed. A. frightening, frightening B. frightened, frightened C. frightening, frightened D. frightened, frightening 18. What he has done is really ____. Now his parents are _____ him. A. disappointing; disappointed at B. disappointing; disappointed about C. disappointing; disappointed with D. disappointed; disappointing by 19. Mr Smith, ____ of the ___ speech, started to read a novel. A. tired; boring B. tiring; bored C. tired; bored D. tiring; boring 20 As soon as she entered the room, the girl caught sight of the flowers ____ by her mother. A. buying B. being bought C. were bought D. bought 21. As we joined the big crowd I got ______ from my friends. A. separated B. spared C. lost D. missed 22. The students, ____ at the way the question was put, didn’t know how to answer it. A being surprised B. surprising C. surprised D. having surprised 23. --- A woman was killed. --- Where is the body of the ______ woman? A. murder B. murdered C. murdering D. having murdered 24 .The ___ look on the girl’s face suggested that she ___ such bad news. A. surprising, would expect B. surprised, should expect C. surprising, shouldn’t have been expected D. surprised, hadn’t expected 25. You’ll find the word "psychology" _______ under "P" in your dictionary. A. have listed B. list C. listed D. listing
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