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2013版英语一轮精品复习学案:Unit3《Travel journal》


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2013 版英语一轮精品复习学案:Unit3《Travel journal》 (新人教版必 修 1) 【高考新动向】

【考纲全景透析】
【重点单词】 1、journey [C]/vi. 旅行 journal [C] 日报,杂志,日记;

journalist [C]新闻工作者
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journalism [U] 新闻业 【即境活用】 根据句意在横线上填上恰当的词

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Thanks to______ and photographers of the _______, I know often from the _____ that the _______ is so interesting . 答案:journalists , journalism, journal , journey

2. prefer vt. 更喜欢;选择某事物(而不选择其他事物)

① Ii prefer playing in defence . 我喜欢打防守。 ② I would prefer that you (should) not mention my name . 我希望你不要说出我的名字。 ③ He prefers to stay at home rather than go shopping . 他宁愿呆在家里也不愿意去逛商店。 ④ She was chosen in preference to her sister as a volunteer of the Beijing Olympic Games. 她被选中成为北京奥运会的志愿者,而不是她妹妹。

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3. persuade v. 说服;劝说 [重点用法] persuade sb. to do sth.= persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 persuade sb. not to do sth. = persuade sb. out of sth./doing sth. 劝阻某人做某事 persuade sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事 persuade that-clause 使某人相信... 1). We persuaded him to take the job / into taking the job. 我们说服了他接受这份工作。 2). My mother finally persuaded me not to go to the party / out of going to the party. 妈妈最终说服我不参加这次聚会。 3). How can I persuade you of my sincerity? 我如何能让你相信我是真诚的? 4). I am almost persuaded that he is honest. 我几乎相信了他是诚实的。

【即境活用】 The appearance of Xiao Shenyang has____the fans of a sure play in the coming day. A. accused B. expected C. convinced D. persuaded

【解析】 考查动词词义辨析。 C Accuse sb. of sth 控告某人某事, convince sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事; expect 不用此结构,但可用 expect sth. of sb.; 4. finally adv.最后,终于。 They finally agreed with me. 他们最终同意了我(的意见)

【拓展延伸】final 1) adj.最终的,决定性的 2) [C] 决赛,期末考试
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They said the judgment was final.

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他们说过这个判决是不可更改的

【点拨】辨析 finally、 at last、 in the end ①finally 有两个用法:一是在列举事物和论点时,用来引出最后一项内容;二是用在句子动词前之前,表 示“等候或耽误了很久才-----, ”但无感情色彩。 After putting it off three times, we finally managed to have our sports meeting on the playground in our school. 在经过推迟了三次之后,我们终于在我们学校的操场上举行了运动会 ②at last 表示“等候或耽误了很久才-----, ”强调经过一番拖延或曲折后,常常带有较浓厚的感情色彩 At last he knew the meaning of life. 他终于明白了生命的真谛。

③in the end 也是表示经过一定的耽误、等待之后“终于” 其位置和 at last 一样,置于句首或句末 , But in the end he gave up. 【即境活用】 He worked harder than before, and he passed the English examination ____. A. at last B. finally C. gradually D. last 但他最后还是放弃了

【答案】A 考查同义词辨析。从句意可以看出“等候或耽误了很久才-----, ”强调经过一番拖延或曲折后, 常常带有较浓厚的感情色彩

5. determine v. 决定;确定;下定决心 determine + n. determine on/upon (doing) sth determine to do sth. determine sb. to do sth. 使某人下定决心做某事 determine sb. against sth. 使某人不再做某事 determine + that-clause determined adj. 坚定的,坚决的(作定语) ;有决心的,意志坚定的(作表语) 。 be determined to do sth. 1). Attitude determines everything. 态度决定一切。

2). We determined to go to the railway station at once. 我们决定立刻去火车站。 3). I wonder what determined her to marry him in the end. 我想知道是什么使她最终下决心嫁给他的。 4). The court determined that the man was guilty of robbery. 法庭裁定那个人犯了抢劫罪。

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【即境活用】

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At the age of twenty he left his hometown, ____to return without making his mark. A. determining not C. determined not B. not determined D. not determining

【解析】C 考查形容词短语作状语表伴随。其中 determined 用做形容词,后跟不定式,其否定形式是在 to 前加 not. 6. view n. 风景;视野;观点;见解

① We take the view that it would be wrong to interfere. 我们所持的态度是:干涉是错误的。 ② How do you view your position in the company? 你如何看待自己在公司中的位置? ③ In view of the weather ,we will cancel the outing. 因天气关系,我们要取消此次郊游。

【重点短语】 1. care about 关心,在乎 [典例] 1). The only thing he cares about is money. 他唯一在乎的东西就是金钱。

2). Family members should always care about each other. 一家人应该互相关心。 [短语归纳] care for 喜欢(多用于否定、疑问句) ;照顾
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I don’t care for coffee. 我不喜欢喝咖啡。

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Could you help care for my child when I am out? 我外出时能帮忙照顾下我的孩子吗? 【即境活用】中译英 1). 她关心的只是她的社交活动。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2). 他深深地爱着她。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). All she cares about is her social life. 2). He cares for her deeply. 2. change one’s mind 改变主意

① Have you made up your minds where to go for your honeymoon? 你们决定好到哪里去度蜜月了吗?

② She couldn’t call to mind where she had seen him before . 他想不起曾在哪里见过他 ③ He will bear the beautiful girl in mind forever. 他将永远记住那位美丽的姑娘。

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3. give in 屈服,投降(后面可跟 to );交上,呈上。 The enemies were forced to give in. He has given in to my views. 【拓展延伸】 give off 发出,放出(光,热,烟,气味等) give away 泄露(秘密);赠送,颁发 give up 放弃;让[交]给;认输;泄气 give out 分发;用完,用尽;公布,宣布 give back 归还;恢复 give over 交付,托付 敌人被迫投降。 他顺从了我的意见

【点拨】give in 用作“上交”意思时,为及物动词,当代词作宾语时,要放在 give 与 in 之间;give them in; 作“让步,投降”意思时 vi,后面接介词 to, give in to sb./sth. 【即境活用】 The captain determined to be with the ship forever and never____ to disappointment even when the ship sank. A. gave off B. gave over C. gave way D. gave up

【答案】C 考查动词短语辨析。正确把握 give way to”被---征服,听凭---决定”,按照句意,排除 A,B,D。 【重点句型】 1. It was my sister who/that first had the idea to cycle along the entire Mekong River. 首先想到沿湄公河骑车旅 游的是我姐姐。 [解释] 强调句型 It is/was + 被强调部分 + that/who + 其余部分。被强调部分可以是原句的主语、宾语、 状语、从句。 强调主语: It is the ability to do the job that matters, not where you come from or what you are. 关键是你的工作能力而不是你从哪来或你是谁。 强调宾语: It was Michael that/who I gave this ticket to. 强调时间状语: It was about 600 years ago that the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made. 大约 600 年前,第一个有钟面和时针的钟诞生了。 强调地点状语: It was in Brooklyn that Beckham first met Victoria, so they named their first son Brooklyn. 布鲁克林是贝克汉姆和维多利亚第一次相遇的地方,所以他们给第一个儿子取名布鲁克林。 强调从句:
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我把这张票给了麦克。

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It was because he is in critical condition that the doctor decided to operate on him. 医生之所以决定为他动手术,是因为他病情危险。 【即境活用】中译英 1). 我把这张票给了麦克。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 2). 医生之所以决定为他动手术,是因为他病情危险。 _______________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). It was Michael that/who I gave this ticket to. 2). It was because he is in critical condition that the doctor decided to operate on him.

2.Where Itold her air would be hard to breathe and it would be very cold,she said it would be an interesting experience. 当我告诉她那里稀薄,呼吸困难而且天气很冷时,她却说这将是一次有趣的经历。

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3. Once she had made up her mind , nothing can change it . Once 意思为“一旦、一…就…” ,引导状语从句,含有条件的意味;从句不能用将来时 ,常用一般现在时 表示将来;once 引导的从句常发生省略;once 作副词时,意思为“一次,曾经”。例如: 一旦我哥哥决定做一件事,没什么能阻止他。 Once my brother decides to do something , nothing can stop him. 一旦被那个有经验的警察发现,没有一个小偷能逃脱。 Once found by the experience policeman , a thief can’t escape . 小的时候,他曾经去过北京。 He once went to Beijing when he was young . 【即境活用】 _____ you work hard, you will succeed in the future. A. Even if B. Once C. Since D. Because

【答案】B 考查连词词义辨析。把握连词意思辨析,按照句意,排除干扰项比较大的 because 此题就能突 破 4. She insisted that she (should) organize the trip properly. [解释]insist + that-clause insist 意为“坚持要求 (做某事) ”时, 宾语从句用虚拟语气, 谓语用 should do 的形式, should 可省略; insist 而 意为“坚持认为,坚持某种观点”时,宾语从句的动词时态根据具体的语境变化,不用虚拟语气。 He insisted that he hadn’t made a mistake. 他坚持认为自己没有犯错。 出于安全

The bodyguards insisted that the president (should) keep away from the crowd for the sake of safety. 考虑,护卫人员坚决要求总统远离人群。

suggest (建议), demand (要求), require (要求), request (请求), order (命令)等动词的宾语从句也常用 “(should) do” 表示虚拟语气。 【即境活用】中译英 1). 我坚决要求你立刻采取行动把事情处理好。
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__________________________________________________________________________________________ 2). 他反应冷淡表明他并不喜欢这个主意。 __________________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). I insist on your taking/insist that you take immediate action to put this right. 2). His cool response suggested that he didn't like the idea.

5. A determinded person always tries to finish the job ,no matter how hard it is. 有决心的人总是努力完成工作,而不管它有多难。 No matter how 引导让步状语从句, “无论多么。。” how 后紧跟形容词或副词, 意为 。。, 此处相当于 however+ 形容词/副词

① Whoever says that is liar.(主语从句) 说那话的人是个骗子。 ② Wherever she goes ,there are crowds of people waiting to see her.(让步状语从句) 她所到之处都有成群的人等着见她。 ③ She has the window open,however cold it is outside.(让步状语从句)
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【热点难点全析】
现在进行时表将来 现在进行时态由助动词 be(am, is, are) + doing 构成 1、表示现阶段正在进行的动作。 They are reading book.他们正在读书。 The boy is lying on the playground. 那个男孩正在操场上躺着。 表示根据计划、安排即将发生的动作或行为,此时句子中一般有一个表示将来的时间状语。 What are doing at this weekend? 这个周末你要做什么? 【拓展延伸】不是所有的动词都可以用进行时态表将来时态,只有表示具有位置移动意义的移位动词及少 部分其它意义的动词才可以用进行时态表将来时间常见动词如下: arrive, begin, come, die, go, leave, end, return, start, travel, fly, stop, close, drive, fall, remain, stay, move, land,leave for, take off, see… off Hurry up. The plane is taking off soon. He’s coming here next week. 他下周要来
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快点, 飞机马上就要起飞了

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“He is dying, doctor. You must save him,” cried the young woman. “他快要不行了,医生,你必须救救他!”那位年轻妇女哭叫着 【典型例题】 1. --- Is this raincoat yours? --- No, mine _______there behind the door. A. is hanging B. has hung C. hangs D. hung

【解析】选 A 用现在进行时态,表示说话时“我的正挂在门后面” 。现在进行时表示存在的状态,防止用 被动。 2. I first met Lisa three years ago. She ______ at a radio shop at the time. A. has worked C. had been working B. was working D. had worked

【解析】选 B 用过去进行时态表示当时见到她时, “她正在一个无线电厂工作” 。由时间状语 at the time., 可以看出当时的动作情况 3. I don't think Jim saw me; he A. just stared C. has just stared _ into space.

B. was just staring D. had just stared

【解析】选 B 他“当时正在朝天上看着天空” 按照前后语境来判断时态。 4.At this time tomorrow ____over the Atlantic. A. we’re going to fly C. we’ll fly B. we’ll be flying D. we’re to fly.

【解析】选 C 考查时态。由 tomorrow 看出将来时,at this time 应该为进行时 5.Because the shop_____, all the T-shirts are sold at half price. A. has closed down B. closed down C. is closing down D. had closed down

【解析】选 C 考查动词时态。由后半句可以看出“半价销售” ,暗示前面用进行时表将来,即“即将 关闭” 。 【语法专练】 1.Because the shop ______ , all the T-shirts are sold at half price. A. has closed down C. is closing down B. closed down D. had had closed down

2.At this time tomorrow______ over the Atlantic.
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A. we’re going to fly C. we’ll fly

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B. we’ll be flying D. we’re to fly

3. Rainforests ______ and burned at such a speed that they will disappear from the earth in the near future. A. cut B. are cut C. are being cut D. had been cut

4. Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology ______ so rapidly. A. is changing C. will have changed B. will change D. has changed

5. I’ve won a holiday for two weeks to Florida, I____ my mum. A. am taking B. have taken C. take D. will have taken

6. A new cinema _______ here. They hope to finish it next month. A. will be built C. has been built B. is built D. is being built

7. The reporter said that the UFO ______ east to west when he saw it. A. was travelling C. had been travelling B. travelled D. was to travel

8. —I just heard that the tickets for tonight's show have been sold out. —Oh, no! ______. A. I was looking forward to that C. I knew it already 9.-Why does the Lake smell terrible? -Because large quantities of water A. have polluted . C. has been polluted D. have been polluted listen. B. It doesn't matter D. It's not at all interesting

B. is being polluted

10.Would you please keep silent? The weather report and _________I want to A. is broadcast C. has been broadcast B. is being broadcast D. had been broadcast

11.Dr. Smith, together with his wife and daughters, A. is going to B. are going to C. was going to

visit Beijing this summer. D. were going to

12—Why don’t we choose that road to save time? —The bridge to it __________. A. has repaired
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B. is repaired
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C. is being repaired 【参考答案】 1—5 CBCAA 6—10 DAADB 11-12 AC D. will be repaired

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【高考零距离】
1、 (2012· 重庆卷· 27) Food supplies in the flood-stricken area ______.We must act immediately before there’s . left. A. have run out 27.【答案】选 B 【解析】动词的时态。分析题干语境可知,食品供应即将耗尽。run out 为不及物动词短语,不能使用被动 形式,由此可排除 C 和 D 两个选项。B 选项为现在进行时态,可以表示将来,符合题意。因此,正确答案 为 B 选项。 2、 (2012·四川卷·11)They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house ____. A. is being rebuilt 11.【答案】选 A 【解析】本题考查动词的时态和语态。句意为:他们现在暂时和父母一起居住,因为他们自己的房子正在 重建。根据句意可知,应使用被动语态,且 house 与动词 rebuilt 之间为被动关系,故使用现在进行时态的 被动语态。 3、 (2012·湖南·27)The moment soon ,he thought to himself,waiting nervously. B. has been rebuilt C. is rebuilt D. has rebuilt B. are running out C. have been run out D. are being run out

A came B has come C was coming D is coming 【答案】选 D 【解析】本题考查时态,根据 soon 可知为将来的事情,且是直接引语,应为现在,所以选 D,进行时态表 将来。动词的时态现在进行时态表将来。 4、 (2011?天津卷?T5) bedtime. A. If B. As C. Although D. Unless regular exercise is very important. It’s never a good idea to exercise too close to

【答案】选 C。 【解析】考查连词和状语从句,句意为:尽管定期锻炼是很重要的,但是快要睡觉的时候锻炼不是一个好 主意。A 项是如果;B 项是因为,当……时候,表示“虽然尽管”时须用倒装句;C 项是虽然尽管;D 项是 除非。根据句意选C。
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5、 (2011?重庆卷? T30)To show our respect, we usually have to take our gloves off we are to shake hands with. A. whichever 【答案】选 C。 【解析】考查连词和状语从句。句意为:不论我们和谁握手,为了表示尊敬,我们通常要摘掉手套。空格 引导让步状语从句,分析句子结果可知,空格在从句中作 with 的宾语,whichever 意为“无论哪一个,无论 哪些”,与句意不符;whoever 相当于 no matter who,意为“无论是谁”,故选 C。 6.(2010·浙江卷·T11)Do you think shopping online will A.especially 【答案】选 D 【解析】本题考查副词辨析。分析四个选项的意思:especially 特别,尤其;frequently 经常,merely 仅仅, finally 最终。根据语境:你认为网上购物最终会替代商场购物吗? 7.(2010·北京卷·T30) procedures. A. As 【答案】选 D 【解析】本题考查连词。此题重在句意的判断。"一旦学生们决定了去哪所大学读书,他们就得研究下办 理入学的手续。 As 当; "A. 因为...B. while 做连词强调一件事发生时另外一个动作正在进行; Until 直到...D. C. Once 一旦。因此选 D 8. (2009· 湖北卷· T13.) During the war there was a serious lack of food. It was not unusual that even the wealthy families had to ______ bread for days. A. eat up 【答案】选 C 【解析】考查动词短语辨析根据上句 During the war there was a serious lack of food 可推测出“即或是富裕家 庭也得几天吃不上面包”,应选择 do without 表示“不用/吃……勉强度过”。eat up“吃完”,give away“收拾”, deal with“应付,处理” 10.(2009·安徽卷·T10)We tried to find a table for seven,hut they were all A. given away C. taken up 【答案】选 C
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B. whenever

C. whoever

D. wherever

take the place of shopping in stores?

B.frequently C.merely

D.finally

they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission

B. While

C. Until

D. Once

B. give away

C. do without

D. deal with

.

B. kept away D. used up

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【解析】考查动词短语辨析。Take up 占(时间、空间) 11.(2009·陕西卷·T20) A. notice was A. sent up 【答案】D 【解析】考查动词短语辨析。send up:发射;give up:放弃,传上去;set up:提出,提议;竖起,升起; put up:张贴。题干意思是:一个通知被张贴出来,以便告知学生们演讲的新时间。选 D。 12.(2008·江苏卷·T31.)—I’m still working on my project. —Oh, you’ll miss the deadline. Time is ______. A. running out B. going out 【答案】选 A 【解析】考查动词短语词义辨析。A 项,花完,用光符合句意。 C. giving out D. losing out B. given up in order to remind the students of the changed lecture time. C. set up D. put up

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【考点提升训练】
一、听力(略) 二、单项选择 21.【2012 届四川省成都石室中学高三二诊模拟】5.A new___on commercial ads during TV dramas took into effect on January 1,2012.From then on showing advertisements in the middle of TV dramas isn't allowed. A.law B.case C.ban D.limit

22.【2012 届甘肃省高三第一次高考诊断】16.The Palace Museum has a ____ of 96 million pieces of ancient Chinese art works. A.collection B.mixture C.combination D.series

23.【2012 届浙江杭州重点高中原创模拟】_______ New York Times, an elite(精华) newspaper of America, should have reported the whisper as_______ breaking news. A. The; a B. The; the C. 不填; a D. The; 不填 an award because she

24. 【2012 届河北省邯郸市高三第一次模拟考试】 A young woman is presented 27. saved the baby falling off a high building. A. to B. of C. for D. with

25.【2012 届河北省普通高考模拟】31 .The air of hills is cooler than___________of plains. A. that B.one C.those D. ones

26. They made up their_____to put their hearts_____ study. A. minds; into B minds; in C. mind; into D.mind; for

27.He left the place,_____never to come back. A determined B. to determine C.being determined D. having determined

28.In my opinion, she is too young to take care of the pet dog____. A. correctly B. properly C. exactly D. actively

29.This magazine is very_____ with young people, who like its content and style. A familiar B. popular C. similar D. particular

30. When I give up work I shall take a long sea ________. A. trip B. travel C. journey D. voyage

31. Do you believe ______ little boys could eat ______ much food.? A. so; so B. such; such C. such; so D. so; such

32.The employers often give the job to ____ they believe has work experience with a strong sense of duty.
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A. whoever B. whomever C. who

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D. those who 世纪

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33. Friends have trouble remembering _____ that Kevin Durant did for fun, other than basketball. A.where it was C.how it was B.what it was D.why it was 世纪金榜

34. It is in Detroit, _____ the company is located, ____ many people have lost their jobs almost overnight in the crisis. A. that; that 35. B. where; that C. where; where D. that; that 世纪

---I’m traveling to Taiwan tomorrow. Would you tell me about your experiences there?

---______. Let’s discuss it over lunch. A. In no case C. That depends 三、完形填空 Some plays are so successful that they run for years on end. In many ways, this is who are required to go on repeating the same parts by heart and 39 37 36 for the poor actors them to know their B. That’s all right D. By all means

night after night. One would 38

have cause to falter(结巴).Yet 40 is not always the case. 41 successful play was once cast in the role of an aristocrat 42 had been

A famous actor in a

imprisoned in Bastille for twenty years. In the last act, gaoler a (监狱长, 看守) would always come on to the stage with a letter which he would hand to the prisoner. 44 43 the noble was expected to read the letter at each

,he always insisted that it should be written out in full. 45 his colleague to find out if, after so many performances, he

One night, the gaoler decided to play a joke had managed to learn the 46

of the letter by heart. The curtain went up on the final act of the play and 47 with the

revealed(使显露)the aristocrat sitting alone behind bars in his dark cell. Just then,the gaoler precious letter in his hands. He entered the him had not been written out in 49 as usual. It was simply a blank sheet of paper. The gaoler looked on eagerly, 50

48 and presented the letter to the aristocrat. But the copy he gave

to see if his fellow

actor had at last learnt his lines. The noble stared at the blank sheet of paper for a few seconds. Then, squinting 眯 ( 着眼看) eves, said, “The light is his he the gaoler. 52 51.Read the letter to me.” And he promptly handed the sheet of paper to

that he could not remember a word of the letter either, the gaoler replied,“The light is indeed 53 ”With this, he hurried off the stage. Much to the aristocrat’s 55 54 ,the gaoler

dim,sir. I must get my

returned a few moments later with a pair of glasses and the
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copy of the letter which he proceeded(继续
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进行)to read to the prisoner. 36.A. fortunate

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B. unfortunate C. happy D. unhappy

37.A. lines B. words C. plays D. roles 38.A. want B. ask C. expect D. wish

39.A. alwaysB. never C. sometimes D. often 40.A. such B. the thing 41.A. highly B. high C. one D. this

C. poorly D. poor

42.A. where B. what C. which D. who 43.A. Because 44.A. play B. Even though C. When D. Though D. case

B. performance

C. role

45.A. with B. in C. on 46.A. pages B. joke 47.A. appeared

D. to

C. lines D. contents D. came in

B. disappeared C. came out C. stage D. office

48.A. room B. cell 49.A. English 50.A. worded

B. French C. order D. full B. surprised C. dark C. anxious D. out D. afraid

51.A. bright B. dim

52.A. To see B. To find 53.A. glasses 54.A. surprise

C. Seeing D. Finding

B. lines C. light D. letters B. satisfaction C. anger D. amusement C. unusual D. new

55.A. usual B. old 四、阅读理解 A

You know Australia is a big country, but you may not know how easy it is to get around. The untouched beaches that go for miles and deserts that touch the horizon are just there, waiting to be reached and explored. Following are the different ways you can explore our vast country. Getting around Australia Air Flying is the best way to cover large distances in a short time. You can spend more time on the Australia’s can’t miss landscapes and relaxing lifestyle. Moreover, competition among airlines makes great flying fees available for
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you.

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Drive Australia has a vast network of well - maintained roads and some of the most beautiful touring routes in the world. You have no difficulty finding car rental companies at major airports, central city locations, suburbs and attractions. Bus Bus travel in Australia is comfortable, easy and economical. Buses generally have air conditioning, reading lights, adjustable seats and videos. Services are frequent, affordable and efficient. Rail Train travel is the cheapest and gives you an insight into Australia’s size and variety, all from the comfort of your carriage. Scheduled services are a great way to get quickly between our cities and regional centers. Ferry(轮渡) The Spirit of Tasmania runs a passenger and vehicle ferry service between Melbourne and Tasmania nightly. Extra services are running during summer rush hours. Sea - link ferries connect South Australia and Kangaroo Island several times a day. Ferries connect suburbs in our capital cities Walk With easy - on - the - feel pedestrian streets, walking is a great way to get around our cities. Besides all of above, you can also experience some of the longest tracks and trails in the world in central Australia - impressive journeys of a thousand kilometers or more that can take several weeks to complete. 56. The underlined word "untouched" (in the 1st paragraph) means______. A. secure B. special C. natural D. artificial

57. Which of the following is TRUE about traveling in Australia? ______. A. More travelers make the flying fees among airlines higher than before B. You can easily rent a car to explore its most beautiful touring routes C. Taking a bus tour is the most comfortable, economical and efficient way D. Train services can offer you more comfort than any other means of transport 58. Ferry service between Melbourne and Tasmania usually runs ______. A. only at night hours C. several times a day
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B. only during rush hours D. between different cities
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59. From the passage, we know that ______.

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A. pedestrian walking is a great way to travel between cities B. traveling in Central Australia is time - consuming C. Central Australia has the world’s longest railway line D. you have to walk over a thousand kilometers in Australia

B 金榜金榜 Visitors worry that London is an expensive city but there really are so many things to do for free in London from museums and galleries to free music and walking tours.

Art Galleries Tate Modern and Tate Britain are exceptional national art galleries housing some of the finest artworks in the world. Tate Modern focuses on contemporary art while Tate Britain displays British Art from the sixteenth century to the present day. Museums All of London's major museums are free, but most offer some special exhibitions for a fee. My favorite is the Museum of London where you can learn the history of London from Roman times to today. Other great major museums are the British Museum, the V&A, the Science Museum, and the Natural History Museum. Oh, and I love the Geffrye Museum. And the Horniman Museum. Now I can't decide which is the best! Many of London's major art galleries and museums are open in the evening and often have special evening events. This can be a great way to relax at the end of a busy day seeing the sights. The main London galleries and museums are air-conditioned so it can be wonderful way to cool down in the height of summer in the city. Galleries and museums are not open late every night so here is a handy list to help you plan your days and evenings.

Royal Parks Many people say the Queen Mary's Rose Gardens in Regent's Park is their favorite spot in London, and who am I to argue? I would also recommend St. James's Park as it offers one of the best views of Buckingham Palace. Hyde Park is enormous and includes the ever popular Diana
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Memorial Fountain and the Peter Pan Statue.

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There are often free talks and guided walks in the royal parks so do check the What's On section of the Royal Parks website. Changing of the Guard No visit to London is complete without seeing this military tradition. The Queen's Guard in London changes in the Forecourt inside the gates of Buckingham Palace at 11.30am every day in the summer and every other day in the winter. Get there early and view the spectacle from outside the front gates. 60. The passage is intended to _________. A. recommend some free scenic spots to tourists B. help visitors save money while visiting Ireland C. advise travelers how to choose art articles D. tell readers London’s wonderful history 61. If you visit some museums in London in late evenings, you ________. A. can see all the artworks free of charge B. have to endure the heat of the summer C. need to pay admission for general exhibition D. may have a chance to enjoy some special events 62. In order to watch Changing of the Guard in summer, visitors have to _________. A. gain access to the front gates after 11:30 a.m. B. pay a sum of money to enter the Royal Parks C. arrive at Buckingham Palace before 11:30 a.m. D. come through the gates of Buchingham Palace

C Dieters are often advised to stop drinking alcohol to avoid the extra calories lurking in a glass of wine or a favorite cocktail. But new research suggests that women who regularly consume moderate(适度的) amounts of alcohol are less likely to gain weight than nondrinkers and are at lower risk for obesity (fatness). The findings, reported this week in the Archives of Internal Medicine, are based on a study of 19,220 United States women aged 30 to 40 who fall into the “normal weight” based on their body mass index. Researchers at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston tracked the women’s drinking habits over 13 years. About 60 percent of
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the women were light or regular drinkers, while about 40 percent reported drinking no alcohol. Over the course of the study, 41 percent of the women became overweight. Although alcohol is packed with calories, the nondrinkers in the study actually gained more weight over time: nine pounds, on average, compared with an average gain of about three pounds among regular moderate drinkers. The risk of becoming overweight was almost 30 percent lower for women who consumed one or two alcohol drinks a day, compared with nondrinkers. The findings are certain to be confusing for women who continue to receive conflicting messages about the health benefits and risks of alcohol. Although moderate drinking is associated with better heart health, regular drinking also increases breast cancer risk. The trend toward less weight gain among drinkers doesn’t appear to hold true for men. A 2003 study of British men showed that regular drinkers gained more weight than nondrinkers. Studies suggest that drinking alcohol has different effects on eating habits among men and women. Men typically add alcohol to their daily caloric intake, whereas women are more likely to substitute (替代) alcohol for food. In addition, there may be differences in how men and women metabolize(代谢)alcohol. Metabolic studies show that after men drink alcohol, they experience little if any metabolic change. But alcohol appears to slightly speed up a woman’s metabolism. The findings don’t mean women should rush to drink alcohol to lose weight. Other research shows that once a person is already overweight, her alcohol metabolism is more efficient, and so an overweight woman may gain more weight from alcohol than a lean(瘦的) woman. The data do, however, suggest that for many women facing weight problems, the extra calories are probably not coming from alcoholic drinks. 63. According to the study, which of the following regular drinker is less likely to gain weight than nondrinkers?

A

B

C

D

64. That men regular drinkers gained more weight than women regular drinkers is due to the following except ______. A. women are more likely to substitute alcohol for food. B. men drink alcohol much faster than women. C. men and women metabolize alcohol differently.
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D. men have different effects on eating habits with women. 65. The underlined word “whereas” may probably mean _______. A. so B. in order that C. but D. and then

66. What can a dieter probably do before reading this passage? A. Rush to drink alcohol to lose weight B. Add alcohol to his or her daily caloric intake. C. Face the weight problems alone. D. Try to stop drinking any alcohol or wine.

D Section One The city is an accumulation of human civilization. Just as the American social philosopher (哲学家) Lewis Mumford put it, it is a special system which, fine and compact, has been designed to preserve the fruits of human civilization. Many Western languages have developed their versions of the term “civilization” from the same Latin (拉丁语的) word “civitas”(meaning “city”), and it is by no means a coincidence. The city has played a significant role in the perfection of order in human society. Section Two The emblem, showing the image of three people ― you, me, him/her holding hands together, symbolizes the big family of mankind. Inspired by the shape of the Chinese character “世” (meaning the world), the design conveys the organizers' wish to host an Expo which is of global scale and which displays the various urban cultures of the world. Section Three Created from the inspiration of Chinese character “人”, the design roots deeply in Chinese culture. It tells the world the eternal core (永恒的核心) and theme of Shanghai World Expo will be always human. The mascot “Haibao” will become the messenger for the theme of World Expo 2010 Shanghai China “Better City, Better Life”. The basic structure of the Chinese character “人” in which each stroke(一笔,一划) supports each other also shows the concept that the beautiful life should depends on mutual-help. If the human are willing to support one another, the harmony among human, nature, and society will be available. Such an urban life will be nice. Haibao’s confident smile is expressing his sincere greeting from China ― “World Expo 2010 Shanghai China
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welcomes you!” 67. Section One mainly tells us about ______. A. the part cities play in human civilization C. why the Expo is held in Shanghai

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B. the development of the word “city” D. where human civilization originated

68. The underlined word “it” in Section One refers to ______. A. the civilization B. the philosopher C. the word D. the city

69. Which correctly matches the sections with the pictures described in the passage?

Pictures ] A. B. C. D. Section One Section Two Section Three Section Three Section Two Section Three Section Two Section One Section Three Section One Section One Section Two

70. The second paragraph in Section Three explains how the creation is connected with the _____ of the Chinese word “人”. A. story E I used to watch her from my kitchen window. She seemed so small as she muscled her way through the crowd of boys on the playground. The school was across the street from our home and I would often watch the kids as they played during break. I remember the first day I saw her playing basketball. I watched in wonder as she ran circles around the other kids. She managed to shoot jump shots just over their heads and into the net. The boys always tried to stop her but no one could. I began to notice her at other times, basketball in hand, playing alone. One day I asked her why she practiced so much. Without a moment of hesitation she said, “I want to go to college. The only way I can go is to get a scholarship. I am going to play college basketball. I want to be the best. My Daddy told me if the dream is big enough, the facts don’t count.” Well, I had to give it to her—she was determined. I watched her through those junior high years and into high school. Every week, she led her school team to victory. One day in her senior year, I saw her sitting in the grass, head in her arms. I walked across the street and sat down in the cool grass beside her. Quietly I asked what was wrong. “Oh, nothing,” came a soft reply, “I am just too
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B. meaning

C. shape

D. usage

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short.” The coach told her that at 5’5” she would probably never get to play for a top ranked team—much less offered a scholarship—so she should stop dreaming about college. She was heartbroken and I felt my own throat tighten as I sensed her disappointment. I asked her if she had talked to her dad about it yet. She told me that her father said those coaches were wrong. They just did not understand the power of a dream. He told her that if she truly wanted a scholarship and that nothing could stop her except one thing — her own attitude. The next year, as she and her team went to the Northern California Championship game, she was offered a scholarship and on the college team. She was going to get the college education that she had dreamed of. 71. The author was probably the girl’s A. brother or sister B. friend . C. mother D. teacher

72. Why was the girl heartbroken ? A. She was considered too short to be a top player. B. Her coach stopped her training because of her height. C. She couldn’t be on a college basketball team. D. She wouldn’t be admitted by an ideal college. 73. We can learn from the passage that .

A. her family wouldn’t like to pay her college fee B. her father forced her to play basketball in collage C. being a top basketball player can win you a scholarship for college D. she wouldn’t like to turn to his father for help when in difficulty 74. Which word can best describe her father ? A. Encouraging. B. Optimistic. C. Stubborn. D. Cruel.

75. Which proverb best matches the story ? A. Practice makes perfect. C. Where there is a will, there is a way. 五、书面表达 假定你是武汉二中高三学生,请根据以下内容,代王刚先生用英文发一份 e-mail 预约旅馆。内容如下: 感谢去年 12 月受到你们无微不至的照顾。我和同行友人都非常高兴能住宿于贵旅馆。预定今年 12 月再次 前往夏威夷。将于 12 月 7 日上午抵达,故希望能从当天中午开始为我保留房间。将于 12 月 12 日上午离 开。若能保留一楼面海(oceanfront)的房间,将更为感激。 真的非常感谢您们,让我前几次投宿留下了美好回忆。
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B. Rome was not built in a day. D. Pride comes before a fall.

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November 14,2003 Mr. Edwin C. Heimer Executive Assistant-Administration Kabala Hilton 5000 Kabala Avenue Honolulu ,Hawaii 96816 U. S. A Dear Mr. Heimer

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Sincerely yours, Wang Gang

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参考答案

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21.【答案】C 【解析】考查名词词义辨析。此处 ban 意为:禁止。law 法律;case 案例;limit 限制。 22.【答案】A 23.【答案】D【解析】考查冠词。the New York Times 是专有名词,news 是不可数名词,故填零冠词。句 意: “作为美国的精英报纸,纽约时报居然把谣言当作突发新闻报道。 ” 24.【答案】D 【解析】考查介词的用法。此处 present sb with an award 意为:给某人颁奖,此处是此短语的被动语态形 式。句意:一位年轻的妇女因救了从高楼坠下的婴儿而受奖。 25.【答案】A 【解析】考查代词的用法。此处 that 指代不可数名词 the air,其后有后置定语 of plainsman。句意:山上的 空气比平原的凉爽。 26~30 AABBD 36.B 31~35 CABBD

提示:剧目成功,以致连续上演好几年,这对可怜的演员来说可倒霉了。因为下文说他们必须夜

夜重复同样的台词,故 unfortunate(不幸的,倒霉的)为最佳答案。 37.A 提示:重复同一台词是令人厌烦的。 38.C 提示:expect 意为“期待,认为”。人们认为演员一定要把台词背得烂熟。 39.B 提示:人们认 为演员绝对不会结巴的。 40.B 提示:指代前面所说的情况。 41.A 提示:high 意为“高的”。highly 意为“高度地,极为”。 42.D 提示:此处先行词为人,故要用 who 引导定语从句。 43.B 提示:尽管那个贵族每场戏都得念一遍那些信,但他还是坚持要求将信的全文写在信纸上。even

though 引导让步状语从句,比 though 语气更强。 44.B 提示:在下文第三段有暗示。 45.C 提示:play a joke on sb 意为“戏弄某人”。 46.D 提示:熟记信的内容。 47.A 提示:appeared 意为“出现,露面”,此处指上场。 48.B 提示:cell 意为“牢房”,在上文有暗示。 49.D 提示:in full 意为“全文”,这在第二段已有暗示。
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50.C 提示:狱卒热切地观察着,急于想了解他的同事是否熟记了台词。 51.B 提示:“光线太暗”这是贵族委婉而又聪明的托辞,因为他记不住台词。 52.D 提示:分词短语作状语,表示时间。当狱卒发现自己连一个字也记不得时,也找了个借口。 53.A 提示:下文:“with a pair of glasses”作了暗示。 54.D 提示:“much to one’s+表示感情的名词”结构,有“给某人带来很大的……”的意思,此处狱卒的表 现使贵族感到可笑。 55.A 提示:the usual copy 平时使用的那封信。 56-59 CB A B 60-62 ADC 世纪金榜

63-70 ABCD ADCC 71-75 CACAC 五、One possible version Dear Mr Heimer, Thank you for the fine arrangements that were made for me last December. My friends and I thoroughly enjoyed our stay this December. I will arrive on the morning of December 7 and hope that a room can be used from noon. I will leave on the morning of December 12. I would very much appreciate it if you could arrange for a ground-level oceanfront room. Thank you again for everything you have done to make my previous stays memorable.

Sincerely yours, Wang Gang

第 29 页(共 29 页)

山东世纪金榜科教文化股份有限公司


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