名词 冠词 代词 介词 数词 连词 动词 形容词 副词 语法 句子成分分析 句子类型 句法 特殊句型 简单句 并列句 复合句 定语从句(B1: U4, U5; B2: U1, U5) 主语从句 状语从句 名词性从句 宾语从句 (B3: U3, U4, U5) 表语从句 引语(B1, U1) 同位语从句
主谓一致(B4, U1) 倒装句(B5, U4) 虚拟语气(B6, U1, U2) 强调句 感叹句 省略句(B5, U5) 非谓语动词
情态动词(B3: U1, U2) 谓语动词 动词的时态(B1: U3) 动词的语态 (B2: U2, U3, U4) 不定式 现在分词、动名词(B4: U2, U3, U4) 过去分词(B5: U1, U2, U3)
? Book 1: Unit 4, Unit 5; Book 2: Unit 1, Unit 5 一、几个概念 1．定语从句：修饰某一个______或_____的从句叫定语从句。 2．先行词：被定语从句修饰的词叫先行词。 3．关系词：引导定语从句的词叫关系词。 关系词分为：1) ______________ 包括：
2) _______________包括： 二、关系代词引导的定语从句 1．who / whom: ? I helped an old man __________________________(迷路了) yesterday. ? ___________________________(你想要见的那个教授) has come. 2．which: ? Football is a sport _________________________(大多数男孩都喜欢) 3．that ? 指人时，相当于______或______；指物时，相当于_______。在定语从句中作______或______，作 ______时常可省略。 4．whose ? Mr. King , _________________(他的腿受伤了) in the accident, was quickly taken to hospital. ? Can you see the mountain _____________________________(山顶上覆盖着雪)? ? 注意：指物时，可用 of 结构进行代替 （注意区别） ? The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired. ? The classroom _____________ is broken will soon be repaired. 5. 准关系代词 as 在定语从句中的用法 ? 引导限定性定语从句： ? such …as …. (so…as…) 这个问题这么难，我们做不出来。
?________________________________________________________________________________ ?________________________________________________________________________________ 注意与 such …that …. (so…that…)的区别 ? the same….as… 我想买一本和他前几天所买到的一样的字典。
?________________________________________________________________________________ ? 引导非限定性定语从句 （注意与 which 的区别） ? 我们都知道，他是我们班最用功的学生。 ?________________________________________________________________________________ 常见结构： as has been said before____________________ as is well known ___________________ as was expected___________________ as is often the case ___________________ ? 关系代词引导的定语从句需注意的问题：that 与 which/ who 的区别： 1）用 that 而不用 which / who 的情况： ① 我能为你做些什么吗？ __________________________________________ ② This is the best film _____________________(我所看过的). ? When we talk about the places of interest in Fujian, ________________________(第一个进入我们脑海) is Wuyi Mountain. ③Mr. Smith _____________________(是…的唯一外国人) he knows. ? ____________________________(他就是…那个人) I have been looking for. ④ _______________________________________(电视上播出的那个作家和他的作品) aroused the great interest of the students.
⑤China is no longer _____________________________(以前的那个国家了) ⑥Who is the girl ____________________________(在隔壁房间唱歌)? ① 不定代词：指物时用______而不用______ ② ________________________________ ③ ________________________________ ④ ________________________________ ⑤ ________________________________ ⑥ ________________________________ 2）用 which 而不用 that 的情况： ①________________________________ ? _______________________________(这是…的那个房子) his father lived last year. ②________________________________ ? These apple trees, ____________________(是我三年前种的), have not borne any fruit. ? He failed in the maths exam, _______________________________________(这使他的父亲很生气) 3）用 who/whom 而不用 that 的情况 ① 当先行词为 he 或者 those 且指人时，英语习惯上要用 who 来引导定语从句。如： ? 天助自助者。________________________________________________________ ? 笑到最后笑得最甜。________________________________________________________ ② 非限定性定语从句 ③ 介词提前，用 whom，不用 that 和 who 三、关系副词引导的定语从句：
关系副词：在定语从句中充当__________, 包括：____________________ 在定语从句中充当__________。其先行词是表示时间的名词： ? We will put off the picnic until next week, when the weather would be better. ? 注意：when 引导定语从句，和 which 或 that 引导定语从句的区别： （when = 介词+which） ? I still remember the day ___________ my brother joined the army.（作_________） ? I still remember the days ___________ we spent together. （作_________）
2、where ? 在定语从句中充当__________。其先行词是表示地点的名词： ①具体地点： ? This is the place where I was born. ? I went to the room yesterday _________________________________(他曾经住过的). ? 注意：where 引导定语从句，和 which 或 that 引导定语从句的区别： （where = 介词+which） ? This is the factory ___________ he worked last year. ? This is the park _________ they visited last year. ②抽象地点：常见先行词：___________________________________________________ ? He was driving so fast as to get himself into a dangerous situation ______he is likely to lose the control over his car.
3、why ? 在定语从句中充当__________。先行词为 reason，可用___________替代； ? 注意：why 引导定语从句，和 which 或 that 引导定语从句的区别：(why=_______________) ? The reason __________ he didn't attend the meeting was that he was ill. ? I don’t believe the reason __________ he gave me just now. ? Have you asked him the reason _________may explain his success? 四、限定性定语从句和非限定性定语从句： 1、 两者的形式区别 ? Toronto is a city (that) I’ve always wanted to visit. ? Rome, which is the capital of Italy, has a very long history. ? A five-year-old boy can speak two foreign languages, which surprises all the people present. 2、两者的意义区别 1) She has two brothers who are working in the city. 2) She has two brothers, who are working in the city. 1) He will wear no clothes which will make him different from others. 2) He will wear no clothes, which will make him different from others. 五、介词 + 关系代词 This is the teacher ______________________________________________(我从他那里学到了很多). ?This is the teacher ______________________________________________ Exercises: 1. Is this the factory _____ he worked ten years ago? Is this the factory _____ he visited ten years ago? Is this factory _____ he visited ten years ago? A. that B. where C. which D. the one 2. Do you know the reason ____ she has changed her mind? A. why B. which C. for that D. of which 3. I have bought two pens, ____ writes well. A. none of which B. neither of which C. both of which D. all of which 4. After living in Pairs for fifty years he returned to the small town _____ he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when 5. I shall never forget those years _____ I live in the farm _____ you visited last week. A. when; where B. which; which C. when; which D. which; where 6. Who can think of a situation _____ this idiom can be used? A. which B. that C. where D. in that 7. —I don’t like the way _____ he speaks to me. —I share the idea with you. A. on which B. in that C. that D. by which 8. —Where did you get to know her? —It was on the farm ______ we worked. A. that B. there C. which D. where 9. Occasions are quite rare ______ I have the time to spend a day with my kids. A. who B. which C. why D. when 10. There are two buildings, ______ stands nearly a hundred feet high. A. the larger B. the larger of them C. the larger one that D. the larger of which