当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 4 Unit 1 含答案


话题词汇 1.volunteer n.志愿者;vt.& vi.自愿(做某事);自愿提供 2.provide vt.提供 3.service n.服务 4.application n.申请 5.precious adj.宝贵的;珍贵的 6.opportunity n.机会 7.confidence n.信心 8.apply for 申请 9.communicate with

交流 10.live up to 不辜负;遵守;符合 经典语篇 (2015· 陕西) 假定你是李华,在校报英语专栏看到了学校“英语文化节”的一则招募启事。请阅读启事, 并根据写作要点和写作要求写一封应征邮件。 Volunteers Wanted Our annual English Festival, which will be held on June 15—17,2015, is now looking for 20 student volunteers to provide service for Talent Show,Speech Contest,and English Debate.If you are interested,please send an application email at your earliest convenience to Ms Chen at chenlaoshi@aef.com.

写作要点: 1.表达写作意图; 2.陈述应征目的; 3.说明应征条件(性格、能力等)。
1

写作要求: 1.邮件词数不少于 100; 2.开头和结尾部分已写好,不计入总词数; 3.可根据情况增加细节,使行文连贯; 4.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称。 Dear Ms Chen, I’m Li Hua,a student from Class 2,Grade 3. Looking forward to your reply. Yours truly, Li Hua 佳作欣赏 Dear Ms Chen, I’m Li Hua,a student from Class 2,Grade 3.I’m writing to apply for the position as a student volunteer. I really want to obtain this precious opportunity because,by offering my service,I will be able to improve my organisational ability,communication skills as well as my confidence in speaking English in public. As an outgoing girl, I get along well with my classmates.Besides, I have a good command of English,so I am elected as assistant to my English teacher. Successfully,I have lent a helping hand to her in several English activities of my class,and those have been appreciated by both the teacher and my classmates. me a kind consideration. Looking forward to your reply. Yours truly, Li Hua 思维发散 1.将第①句用 such...that...改成结果状语从句 Besides,I have such a good command of English that I am elected as assistant to my English teacher. 2.将第②句改成非限制性定语从句 Successfully,I have lent a helping hand to her in several English activities of my class,which have been appreciated by both the teacher and my classmates.
② ①

I am sure that I can perfectly live up to your expectations.I will be grateful if you could give

2

Ⅰ.重点单词 A.写作单词 1.latest (adj.)最新的 2.amazed (adj.)大为惊奇 3.breath (n.)气息;呼吸 4.eyecatching (adj.)引人注目的 5.update (vt.& n.)更新;提供最新信息;使现代化 6.cure (vt.)治愈;解决;(n.)药物,疗法;对策 7.purchase (vt.)购买,采购;(n.)采购;购买的东西 8.urge (vt.)敦促,力劝;竭力主张;(n.)强烈的欲望,冲动 9.consult (vt.)咨询;请教;查阅;商量 consultant (n.)顾问 10.recommend (vt.)推荐;建议,劝告;介绍 recommendation (n.)推荐;介绍 11.design (vt.& n.)设计 designer (n.)设计者,设计师 12.mental (adj.)心理的;思想的,精神的;智力的 mentally (adv.)精神上;智力上 13.benefit (vt.& vi.)使受益;得益于;(n.)益处;救济金;奖金 beneficial (adj.)有益处的,有帮助的 14.determine (vt.)确定,查明;决定;裁决 determined (adj.)坚决的;有决心的 determination (n.)决心;坚定 15.personally (adv.)个别地;就本人而言;本人,亲自 personal (adj.)私人的,个人的;亲自的 personality (n.)个性;性格 B.阅读单词 16.aspect (n.)方面;层面 17.comment (n.)评论,评价;(vi.)评论,议论 18.bargain (n.)便宜货;协议;(vt.)讨价还价 19.target (n.)目标;靶子;(vt.)瞄准;以??为目标
3

20.comprehension (n.)理解力,领悟能力;理解练习 21.multiply (vi.& vt.)成倍增加,迅速增加;乘,乘以 22.campaign (n.)运动(为了某种目的而进行的一系列有计划的活动) 23.senior (adj.)(高中或大学)毕业年级的;级别(或地位)高的;(n.)高年级学生,毕业班学生; 上司;年纪较长的人 24.innocent (adj.)清白的,无罪的;无恶意的;纯真的 innocence (n.)清白,无罪;纯真 25.fancy (adj.)精致的;绚丽的;奢华的;(n.)空想,幻想;爱好,迷恋;(vt.)想象;猜想 26.appeal (vi.)有吸引力;呼吁,恳请;(n.)吸引力;呼吁,恳求 appealing (adj.)有吸引力的 27.persuade (vt.)说服,劝说;使信服 persuasion (n.)说服,劝说 persuasive (adj.)有说服力的 28.analysis (n.)分析,分析结果 analyse (vt.)分析 29.promote (vt.)推广,宣传;促销;促进,推动;晋升 promotion (n.)推广;促进;提升 promoter (n.)策划者,推销者 30.intelligence (n.)智力,才智;情报 intelligent (adj.)有才智的,聪明的 Ⅱ.重点短语 1.die from 死于?? 2.be meant to 旨在,目的是 3.even if/though 虽然,即使 4.play tricks on 欺骗;捉弄 5.appeal to 吸引,引起兴趣;呼吁 6.figure out 弄清楚,弄懂;计算出 7.deal with 涉及,关于;处理,应付 8.fall for 上??的当,受??的骗 9.get something across 把??表达清楚 Ⅲ.经典句式 1.We are so used to them that we often do not even realize how many we see and hear in a day. 我们如此习惯它们的存在以至于我们都没有意识到一天究竟看了和听了多少广告。 2.Even if an ad does not lie,it does not mean it is altogether innocent.
4

即使一则广告没有撒谎,也并不意味着这则广告就是完全“清白”的。 3.Not all ads play tricks on us though. 但并非所有的广告都跟我们玩花招。 4.When it comes to advertisements,we must all use our intelligence and not be a slave to them! 谈及广告,我们都必须运用自己的智慧,不要做广告的奴隶! 5.The information I found has really helped me educate others in the ways in which companies promote their products. 我找到的信息以公司推销产品的形式对我教育其他人大有帮助。

1 persuade vt.说服,劝说;使信服;使相信 [多词一义] persuade,reason,convince,argue ?1?persuade sb.to do...=persuade sb.into doing...说服某人做?? persuade sb.not to do...=persuade sb.out of doing...说服某人不做?? persuade sb.of sth./that...使某人相信某事 ?2?persuasion n.说服,劝说

(1)Finally she persuaded him into going to the hospital. 她最终说服他去了医院。 (2)We finally persuaded Ben of the wisdom of the decision. 我们最终使本相信这个决定是明智的。 (3)He decided to leave only after much persuasion. 经过多方劝说,他才决定离开。 [特别提醒] persuade 表示“成功说服” 。 “试图说服某人做??”的表达形式:try to persuade sb.to do...; advise sb.to do...。 多维训练 (1)根据汉语提示填空 The other day,my husband ①tried to persuade me not to buy/out of buying(试图劝我不买) that coat as he thought it was too long.However,the assistant tried hard ②to persuade me of the good quality( 使 我 相 信 良 好 的 质 量 ) and fashionable style of it.Therefore , I couldn’t help ③ being
5

persuaded(persuade) into buying it.So you can see how easy it is ④to persuade a woman into buying things/to buy things(说服一个女人购买东西) that aren’t suitable for her. (2)Alice is stubborn,as you know.She trusts you and only you can foolish idea. A.hope C.suggest 答案 B 解析 考查动词词义辨析。句意为:你知道的,爱丽丝固执。她信任你,只有你能说服她放 弃这个愚蠢的念头。persuade sb.to do sth.说服某人做某事,符合句意。 2 cheat v.欺骗;作弊,舞弊,弄虚作假;n.欺诈?行为?;骗子 [应试指导] cheat 作及物动词时,其宾语总是人,不能用物作宾语 cheat sb.out of sth.骗取某人某物 cheat sb.into doing...欺骗某人做?? cheat in the exam 在考试中作弊 catch sb.cheating 撞见某人作弊 B.persuade D.make her to give up the

(1)The salesman cheated him into buying a fake. 销售人员欺骗他买了一件赝品。 (2)I would rather fail than cheat in the examination. 我宁愿考不及格,也不愿意考试作弊。 (3)Those who are caught cheating in the exam will surely be punished. 那些被发现考试作弊的人一定会受到惩罚。 多维训练 (1)完成句子 ①When Tom realized that he was spotted by the teacher,he stopped cheating in exams(在考试中 作弊). ②The two cheats tried to cheat people into believing that(哄骗人们相信) they are making the most beautiful clothes. (2)The old man A.cheated out of C.was cheated out of 答案 C 解析 句意为: 这个老人在街上被两个陌生人骗了很多钱。 cheat sb.out of sth.骗取某人某物。 the old man 和 cheat 是被动关系,所以选择 C。 a lot of money by two strangers in the street. B.cheated into D.was cheated into

6

3 fool vt.欺骗,愚弄;n.[C]傻瓜 [应试指导] fool 作动词的用法 ?1?fool sb.into doing sth.欺骗某人做某事 fool sb.out of sth.骗走某人某物 fool oneself 自欺欺人 ?2?make a fool of sb.愚弄某人

(1)This statement tries to fool you into assuming that the toothpaste cures bad breath,yet it does not say that! 这种说法试图欺骗你认为这种牙膏能够治愈口臭,但广告上其实并没有这样说! (2)You’re fooling yourself if you think none of this will affect you. 如果你认为此事一点也不会影响你,那就是欺骗自己。 (3)Can’t you see she’s making a fool of you? 难道你不明白她是在愚弄你? 多维训练 (1)他们打算把老人的所有钱都骗光。 They meant to fool the old man out of all his money. (2)不要让人骗得你把大笔的钱交出来。 Don’t let anyone fool you into handing over large sums of money. (3)他考试作弊愚弄自己。 He made a fool of himself by cheating in the exam. 4 cure v.治愈病人;治好疾病;矫正某人的不良行为;解决问题;n.药物;疗法;对策 [应试指导] “动词+sb.+of”类语境词义辨析的考查 ?1?cure sb.of...治愈某人的??;矫正某人的?? ?2?a cure for...??的疗法;??的对策

(1)An operation finally cured his shin injury. 手术最终治好了他胫骨的伤。 (2)We need to cure our environmental problems. 我们需要解决我们的环境问题。 (3)The teacher did whatever he can to cure the boy of his bad habit of playing computer games. 那位老师竭尽所能地帮助那个男孩改正玩网络游戏的坏习惯。 [词义辨析] cure,treat (1)cure 表示“治愈” ,宾语既可以是人,也可以是疾病,有时也表示“矫正;革除” 。
7

(2)treat 表示“治疗”时,多接人作宾语,强调治疗动作,并不说明是否治愈。 多维训练 (1)用 cure,treat 的适当形式填空 ①The doctor was treating the girl who suffered from cancer. ②Who was it that cured the old professor of his cancer? (2)It is proved that the medicine will be a cure A.of C.to 答案 B 解析 句意为:据证明这个药是治疗肺癌的药物。a cure for...??的治疗方法(药物)。 5 trick n.[C]骗局;玩笑;恶作剧;戏法,把戏;诀窍;vt.欺骗;欺诈 ?1?play a trick/tricks on/upon sb.欺骗某人;捉弄某人 ?2?trick sb.into ?doing? sth.诱使某人?做?某事 trick sb.out of sth.骗走某人某物;诈骗 B.for D.on lung cancer.

(1)On April Fools’ Day,people often play a trick on each other. 愚人节那天,人们常彼此捉弄。 (2)He tricked me into giving him the book. 他骗我把书给了他。 (3)The corporation was tricked out of 20 million. 那家公司被骗走了两千万美元。 多维训练 (1)用适当的介词填空 ①It is wrong to play tricks on the people with disability. ②The man tricked the little boy out of the money he held in his hand. (2)—Could you tell me the of making such tasty cakes?

—Well,I just follow the directions in the cookbook. A.feature C.cost 答案 D 解析 考查名词词义辨析。the trick of...做……的诀窍。所以选 D。 6 aim n.目的;目标;以??为目标;瞄准;v.瞄准;针对 B.plan D.trick

[应试指导] (1)非谓语动词作状语、定语的考查
8

(2)活动类写作高频词汇

?1?achieve one’s aim 达到目的;实现目标 with the aim of 以期望??,意在?? without aim 漫无目的地 ?2?be aimed at 针对;目的是;旨在 aim for 力争;瞄准;以??为目标 aim to do...目的要做??

(1)One can achieve his aim only by working hard. 一个人只有努力才能实现目标。 (2)The programme is aimed at teenage audience. 这个节目针对的是青少年观众。 (3)PSAs aim to teach us and help us lead better lives. 公益广告旨在教育和帮助我们更好地生活。 [图解助记]

多维训练 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①Aimed(aim) at a higher target,the task is more challenging. ②His brother aims to be(be) a policeman. (2)完成句子 ①She went to London with the aim of finding a job(以期望找到一份工作). ②To talk without thinking is to shoot without aim(漫无目的地射击). ③It’s important that you should have some sort of a goal to aim for(为之奋斗). 7 benefit v.有益于;有助于;受益;n.优势;益处;成效;救济金,奖金 [多词一义] do good to,be beneficial to,be of benefit to ?1?benefit sb./sth.对某人/物有益 benefit from/by 从??中受益 ?2?be of benefit to=be beneficial to 对??有益 for one’s benefit=for the benefit of sb.为帮助某人;为某人的利益

(1)They can then enjoy the same benefits onboard Eagle Airways’ newest Boeing797 to any destination in the world!
9

然后他们可以享受同样的待遇,登上鹰航最新的波音 797 去世界上的任何目的地。(2015· 福 建) (2)The activity benefited us a lot. 这项活动使我们受益匪浅。(2013· 江西) (3)I hope what I have written will be of benefit to someone else who may feel the same way. 我希望我所写的内容能对其他和我有同感的人有所裨益。

多维训练 (1)同义句改写 The new regulation will be of benefit to everyone concerned. ①The new regulation will be beneficial to everyone concerned.(用 beneficial 改写) ②Everyone concerned will benefit from the new regulation.(用 benefit from 改写) ③The new regulation will benefit everyone concerned.(用 benefit v.改写) (2)The organization was founded for the A.advantage C.benefit 答案 C 解析 考查固定短语:for the benefit of...为了帮助……。所以选择 C。 8 consult v.咨询;请教;商量;查阅;参看 [多词一义] consult,look up,refer to,turn to consult sb.请教某人 consult with sb.about/on sth.就??与某人商量 consult a dictionary 查字典 of the poor children in the west part of China. B.interest D.value

(1)She consulted her doctor about her disease. 她向医师咨询她的病情。 (2)I consulted with a friend of mine about this matter. 我就此事与我的一个朋友商量。 (3)Don’t always consult your dictionary every time you meet with a new word in the process of reading. 在阅读过程中,不要每次遇到生词就查字典。 [图解助记]

10

[特别提醒] consult 用作“请教;咨询;查阅”解时,是及物动词;作“商量”解时,多用作不及物动 词,后跟 with sb.,意为“和某人商量” 。 [词义辨析] consult,refer to,look up 都可以用来表示“查阅,参考”的意义,但是其宾语有所不同: consult/refer to+a book/dictionary/encyclopedia,etc. look up sth.in a book/dictionary/encyclopedia,etc. 多维训练 用 consult,refer to,look up 的适当形式填空 (1)When I come across something unknown,I will look it up in a reference book. (2)You can consult/refer to a dictionary if necessary. (3)Consult your doctor about how much exercise you should attempt. 9 recommend vt.推荐,举荐;劝告,建议;介绍 [应试指导] (1)虚拟语气的考查 (2)后跟非谓语动词的考查 recommend sb.sth.=recommend sth.to sb.向某人推荐某物 recommend doing sth.建议、劝告做某事 recommend sb.to do sth.劝告某人做?? recommend sb.as...推荐某人当?? recommend that...?should? do...建议某人?? (3)推荐信高频词汇

(1)I have just spent a holiday there and would recommend it to anyone. 我刚刚在那里度过假,很想把它推荐给每一个人。 (2)I recommend her to him as a secretary. 我推荐她作他的秘书。 (3)It is recommended that you should consult your doctor. 建议你去咨询医生。 多维训练 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①We’d recommend you to book(book) your flight early. ②We strongly recommend reporting(report) the incident to the police.
11

(2)同义句改写 I recommend that you (should) go by subway.(改为简单句) I recommend your going by subway. (3)Eye doctors recommend that a child’s first eye exam A.was C.were 答案 B 解析 recommend 作“建议”讲后跟宾语从句时,谓语动词用“should+动词原形” ,should 可省略。所以选 B。 10 design n.设计;布局;安排;打算;意图;构思;v.设计;构思;计划 [应试指导] (1)过去分词作定语的考查 ?1?by design=on purpose 故意 ?2?be designed for...为??设计 be designed to do.../as...为某目的或用途而制造或设计 (2)活动类写作高频词汇 B.be D.is at the age of six months old.

(1)The method is specifically designed for use in small groups. 这种方法是专为小组活动设计的。 (2)The experiment is designed to test the new drug. 这个实验的目的是想测试这种新药品。 (3)The room was designed as a children’s playroom. 这个房间被设计为儿童游戏室。 多维训练 (1)用适当的介词填空 ①Do you think the traffic accident was caused by accident or by design? ②This building is designed for weddings and other celebrations and it’s beautiful. ③The new device is designed as an alternative for the old one. (2)同义句改写 ①This building designed for weddings and other celebrations is beautiful.(用分词短语作定语改 写上题句②) ②Most of these rabbits change their fur color from white in winter to brown in summer and each is designed to give them better cover from predators.(将划线部分改为独立主格结构) Most of these rabbits change their fur color from white in winter to brown in summer,each designed to give them better cover from predators. 11 aspect n.外观;方面;方位
12

[应试指导] 写作高级词汇 in all aspects in this aspect 从这方面来说 in all aspects 从各个方面来说 from the aspect of 从??方面来看

(1)Technological change is everywhere and affects every aspect of life,mostly for the better. 科技变化无处不在,影响生活的各个方面,大部分情况变得更好。(2015· 北京) (2)He was interested in all aspects of the work here. 他对这里工作的所有方面都感兴趣。 多维训练 用适当的介词填空 (1)We have discussed the subject from every aspect. (2)In this aspect,this idea is quite practical. (3)This is only one aspect of the problem. 12 fancy adj.精致的;绚丽的;奢华的;n.空想,幻想;爱好,迷恋;vt.认为,想象;猜想 ?1?fancy...to be/as...认为??是?? fancy ?sb.? doing...想象?某人?做某事 ?2?have a fancy for...喜欢?? take a fancy to...喜欢上?爱上???

(1)All the girls fancied him madly. 所有的女孩疯狂地喜欢他。 (2)He is always fancying himself as/to be something in his class. 他总是觉得自己在班里很重要。 (3)Do you fancy going out for a picnic with me this weekend? 这个周末你想不想和我一起外出野餐? 多维训练 (1)用适当的介词填空 ①He took a fancy to wearing fashionable clothes. ②It takes only a minute to have a fancy for someone,an hour to like someone,and a day to love someone,but it takes a lifetime to forget someone. (2)They are too A.fancy C.imaginary for me;I prefer the plain ones. B.ordinary D.common
13

答案 A 解析 句意为:它们对我来说太奢华了,我更喜欢简单点的。fancy 奢华的,符合句意,故 选 A。 13 determine v.决定;裁决;确定,查明;测定

[应试指导] 形容词(短语)作状语的考查 [多词一义] determine to do,make up one’s mind to do,decide to do ?1?determine to do...决定做???表示动作? determine on/upon 决定 determine sb.to do...使某人决定做?? be determined to do...决心做某事?表示状态?? ?2?with determination 坚决地;果断地

(1)They determined to figure out what was wrong with the machines. 他们决定弄明白这些机器到底出什么毛病了。 (2)He left his hometown,determined never to be back before achieving his target. 他离开家乡,下决心不实现目标绝不回来。 (3)She is determined to do it regardless of all consequences. 她不顾一切后果,决心这样做。 多维训练 (1)一句多译 他们决定早些出发。 ①They determined to start early.(determine to do) ②They determined on/upon starting early. (determine on/upon) (2)同义句改写 Johnny broke away and ran outside and he was determined never to go to another dance.(用形容 词短语作状语改写) Johnny broke away and ran outside,determined never to go to another dance. (3)—Linda,can you give me some tips on doing this project? —Sorry,but I’m not the person to A.determine C.recommend 答案 A 解析 考查动词词义辨析。答句句意为:抱歉,我不是能决定工作怎么做的人。determine
14

how the job should be done. B.persuade D.influence

决定,符合句意,所以选择 A。 14 urge v.敦促;力劝;竭力主张;驱赶;鞭策;n.强烈的欲望,冲动 [应试指导] 虚拟语气的考查 ?1?urge sb.to do...催促某人做?? It is/was urged that...?should? do...有人主张?? ?2?have an urge to do...渴望做?? ?3?urgent adj.紧急的 ?4?urgency n.紧急的事

(1)They urged parliament to approve plans for their reform programme. 他们敦促议会批准他们的改革方案。 (2)He urged that his parents should permit him to watch the 2014 World Cup. 他力劝父母允许他看 2014 世界杯。 (3)He had an urge to open a shop of his own. 他很想开一家自己的店。 多维训练 (1)用 urge 的适当形式填空 ①There is an urgent need for food and water. ②The urgency of finding a cure attracted some of the best minds in medical science. (2)同义句改写 Our teacher urges us to study hard with the exam drawing near.(用 It is urged that...改写) It is urged that we should study hard,with the exam drawing near. (3)The United Nations return to peace talks. A.encouraged C.invited 答案 B 解析 考查动词辨析。句意为:联合国敦促冲突双方马上放下武器回到和平谈判。urge sb.to do 敦促某人做某事。所以选择 B。 15 die from死于?外部原因? die of 死于?冻饿、疾病、衰老等自身原因? die out 灭亡;逐渐消失 die down?声音、火焰等?逐渐减弱、降低 be dying for/to do...渴望获得/做??
15

the two sides in the conflict to lay down arms immediately and B.urged D.allowed

(1)He died from a traffic accident. 他死于一场交通事故。 (2)The old traditions are dying out. 旧传统正在逐渐消失。 (3)The rain remained steady though the wind had died down. 尽管风势已经减弱,但雨还是下个不停。 多维训练 用 die 短语的适当形式填空 (1)According to statistics,a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer as a woman. (2)She is dying to know where you’ve been. (3)The excitement died down as time went by. 16 be meant to旨在,目的是;注定要;应该是 mean doing...意味着??;意思是?? mean to do 打算做?? meant to have done=had meant to do 本打算做?? mean sb.for/to be...想要某人成为;想要某人去做 be meant for 是为??准备的 be meant to be...注定成为??

(1)The English speech contest is meant to improve students’ spoken English. 英语演讲比赛旨在提高学生的英语口语。 (2)I meant to have visited you but I had an unexpected guest. 我本打算去拜访你,但是来了一位不速之客。 (3)This kind of toy is meant for preschool children. 这种玩具是专为学龄前儿童制造的。 多维训练 用所给词的适当形式填空 (1)Did you mean to leave (leave) your dog here? (2)To increase government spending means creating(create) more job opportunities. (3)She believed her son was meant to be (be) a poet. (4)He meant to have helped (help) you,but he was too busy then. 17 appeal to呼吁;对??有吸引力,引起兴趣 [应试指导] (1)作为高级词汇替换 attract
16

(2)环境保护类写作高频词汇 ?1?appeal to sb.for/to do...向某人呼吁??;恳求某人做?? appeal to sb.吸引某人;投合某人所好 ?2?make an appeal to sb.向某人提出呼吁 have no appeal for sb.引不起某人的兴趣

(1)The Prime Minister appealed to young people to use their vote. 首相呼吁年轻人行使他们的投票权。 (2)The 2014 World Cup in Brazil appealed to many fans who watched the matches late into the night. 2014 年巴西世界杯吸引了许多球迷看比赛到深夜。 (3)Music has little appeal for me. 音乐引不起我的兴趣。 多维训练 (1)同义句改写 On the other hand,the idea attracted him.(用 appeal 改写) On the other hand,the idea appealed to him. (2)一句多译 他呼吁其他领导人为这项事业捐款。 ①He appealed to other leaders to donate to the cause. (appeal v.) ②He made an appeal to other leaders to donate to the cause. (appeal n.) (3)The most successful brands are universal and can A.stick to C.appeal to 答案 C 解析 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:最成功的品牌是全球性的,并且可以吸引不同年龄段的 人。appeal to 吸引,符合句意,所以选择 C。 18 get sth.across讲清楚,把??表达清楚;被领会 get along with 和??相处;进展 get about/round/around 传播;流传;四处走动 get down to 开始认真做 get over 克服;控制;恢复过来 get through 完成;顺利通过?考试等?;打通?电话? B.lead to D.turn to different age groups.

(1)Peter is a good coach because he can get the play across.
17

彼得是一位好教练,因为他能够把比赛的方法和技巧讲得一清二楚。 (2)Stop talking and get down to your work. 停止谈话开始工作。 (3)We are certain that he will get over his illness. 我们相信他一定会战胜病魔的。 多维训练 用 get 短语的适当形式填空 (1)News soon got around/round that he had resigned. (2)No matter how I explain,I just can’t get it across to her. (3)They got over many difficulties in their English study. (4)How are you getting along with your new roommates? (5)I just can’t get through to Mr.Wang.His line is always engaged.

19 advertise vi.& vt.做广告,宣传 多维训练 (1)完成句子 ①如果你想吸引更多顾客,就试试在当地的报纸上登广告。 If you want to attract more customers,try advertising in the local paper. ②他们正在登广告招聘新的销售主管。 They are advertising for a new sales director. ③在当地报纸上登一则广告来出售你的汽车。 Put an advertisement in the local paper to sell your car. (2)I’m calling to enquire about the position A.advertised C.advertising 答案 A 解析 句意为:我打电话来咨询下昨天中国日报上刊登职位的信息。the position 与 advertise 之间是逻辑上的动宾关系,此处的分词可以理解为一个定语从句 which was advertised。故选 A 项。 20 comment n.议论,评论;解释;批评,指责;v.表达意见;发表评论 多维训练 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空
18

in yesterday’s China Daily. B.to be advertised D.having advertised

Commenting(comment) on others too much does no good. (2)同义句改写 I don’t feel I can comment on their decision.(用 comment 作名词改写) I don’t feel I can make comments on their decision. (3)I can’t project. A.speak C.comment 答案 C 解析 考查动词词义辨析。comment on 对……做出评论,符合句意,所以选择 C。 21 promote vt.推广,宣传;促销;促进,推动 多维训练 (1)用 promote 的适当形式填空 ①Her promotion to Sales Manager took everyone by surprise. ②He worked very hard and was soon promoted. ③The organization works to promote the trade between nations. (2)The government is trying to do something to countries. A.raise C.heighten 答案 B 解析 考查动词词义辨析。句意为:政府正在努力采取行动来促进两国之间的更好理解。 B.promote D.increase better understanding between the two B.explain D.study on your decision but you’d better consider it again before you start your

promote 促进,符合句意,所以选择 B。 22 deal with处理,对付;安排;涉及,关于;和某人做生意;解决 多维训练 (1)用 deal with 的适当形式填空 ①This book deals with an important subject. ②It’s a book dealing with life in the United States. (2)同义词语替换 ①How would you deal with an armed burglar?fight with ②This book deals with many issues about the world.talks about ③When I worked in Florida I dealt with British people all the time.traded with ④In this lesson,the children learn to deal with difficulties.handle

19

23 Not all ads play tricks on us though. 但并非所有的广告都跟我们玩花招。

句型公式:Not all... ?1?not all...表示部分否定。 与 not 连用, 表示部分否定的词还有 both, every, always, altogether? 全体?, wholly?全部地?, entirely?全部地, 完全地?及复合词 everything, everybody, everywhere 等。 ?2?all,both,every 等用于否定句中,不管 not 一词位于句首还是句中,都表示相同的含义, 即部分否定。 ?3?neither,not...any,not...either,none,no one,nobody,nothing,nowhere,never 等表示 全部否定。

(1)Everything is not right.并非什么都对。 (2)Not all the students will pass the coming exam. =All the students will not pass the coming exam.并非所有的学生都能通过即将到来的考试。 (3)Neither you nor he is out of money. 你和他都不缺钱。 多维训练 把下列部分否定的句子改为全部否定 (1)Not everything she did pleased him. Nothing she did pleased him. (2)Both of them are not my brothers. Neither of them is my brother. (3)I do not remember all the formulas. I remember none of the formulas. (4)She is not always excited. She is never excited. 24 When it comes to advertisements,we must all use our intelligence and not be a slave to them!谈及广告,我们都必须运用自己的智慧,不要做广告的奴隶!

20

句型公式:When it comes to... (1)When it comes to...当谈到(提到)??时,句中 it 无具体意义,只起形式主语的作用。 (2)下列结构中的 it 均无明确指代关系,也无明确意义: take it easy 别着急 make it 做到;办成;成功 fight it out 一决雌雄 go it 加油 get it 明白了

(1)I know little about music,but when it comes to Yu Quan,I am familiar with them. 我对音乐了解甚少,但是谈及羽泉,我却非常了解。 (2)It says in the Bible that...圣经上说?? (3)That is about it.大概就是这样。 多维训练 (1)短语填空 make it,get it,take it easy

①You come first.Get it? ②Even if it is tough,take it easy. ③After a tiring trip,we made it to the destination. (2)When A.it 答案 A 解析 when it comes to...为固定句式,意为“当谈到……” 。所以选 A。 comes to maths,Tom is ahead of others. B.this C.that D.itself

微写作 写作素材 (关于广告) 1.现在广告业发展得很快。 2.广告的目的是说服你购买什么东西或接受某种服务。 3.你应该小心不要买一些过时的便宜货。 4.一些不诚实的广告的目的是骗取顾客的钱财。 提示:黑体部分用本单元词汇表达。 连句成篇 (将以上句子连成一篇 50 词左右的英语短文)
21

Nowadays advertising is developing fast and it is meant to persuade you to purchase something or accept some service.You should be careful not to buy some outofdate bargains.The aim of some dishonest advertisements is to cheat the customers out of their money.

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.The doctor recommended that he A.stays C.stay 答案 C 解析 句意为:医生建议他在医院里再待上几天。recommend 后接 that 引导的宾语从句时, 从句的谓语动词应用虚拟语气,即 should+动词原形,should 可以省略。 2.Team leaders must ensure that all members embarrassment associated with making mistakes. A.get over C.take over 答案 A 解析 考查动词短语辨析。 句意为: 团队领导者必须确保所有成员克服他们内心的渴望—— 想要避免犯错所带来的尴尬。get over 克服,恢复;look over 检查,查看;take over 接管, 接收;come over 过来,顺便来访。 3.China has been pushing the reform of public hospitals A.in charge of C.in honour of 答案 D 解析 句意为:为了所有公民的利益,中国一直在推动公立医院的改革。in charge of 掌管, 负责; for the purpose of 为了……目的; in honour of 为了纪念……; for the benefit of 为了…… 的利益。根据句意可知 D 项意思最符合。 4.Mr.Green has never smoked any more since his wife A.wanted C.advised 答案 B 解析 根据前半句“Mr.Green has never smoked any more”可知,格林先生已被成功说服戒 了烟。故答案为 B 项。 5.Bill cheated me A.on the belief that he was the right person I was looking for. B.in
22

a few more days in hospital. B.to stay D.would stay

their natural desire to avoid the

B.look over D.come over

all its citizens.

B.for the purpose of D.for the benefit of

him to give it up.

B.persuaded D.suggested

C.into 答案 C

D.to

解析 考查固定短语 cheat sb.into+n./doing。所以选择 C。 6.—Why has the bus not arrived?I’m really sick of waiting for a bus. —Yeah.Especially when you have something A.private C.urgent 答案 C 解析 考查形容词词义辨析。句意为:——公共汽车为什么还没有来?我真的很讨厌等车。 ——是的。尤其是当你有急事要做的时候。根据语境尤其是答语中的“Especially”可知, 应选 urgent“紧急的,急迫的” 。所以选择 C。 7.—Anything to say about the latest talk between the two countries? — I know nothing about it. B.Nothing to say. D.Go ahead. A.No comment! C.I beg your pardon? 答案 A 解析 句意为:——对两国之间最近的会谈有要说的吗?——无可奉告;我什么也不知道。 No comment!无可奉告;Nothing to say.没有东西要说;I beg your pardon?请再说一遍;Go ahead.用吧,使吧。所以选择 A。 8.Advertisers and service providers take University Town. A.aim C.object 答案 A 解析 考查固定短语 take aim at “把目标对准……” 。所以选择 A。 9.We tend to have a better memory for things that excite our senses or than for straight facts.(2015· 浙江,11) A.block off C.subscribe to 答案 B 解析 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:相对于直白的事实,我们对于激发自己感觉或唤起自己 情感的事物,记忆往往更加深刻。appeal to 对……有吸引力,符合句意。block off 封闭,封 锁;subscribe to 同意,赞同,支持;come across 偶遇。 10.Old as she was,she still A.pictured C.fancied herself to be young and beautiful. B.regarded D.hoped
23

to do. B.potential D.available

at the mobile phone users in Xiamen B.goal D.purpose

our emotions

B.appeal to D.come across

答案 C 解析 句意为:虽然她年龄大了,但她一直认为自己年轻漂亮。fancy 认为,符合句意。所 以选择 C。 11. to give up smoking,he threw away his cigarettes.

A.Determined;remained B.Determined;remaining C.Determining;remained D.Decided;remaining 答案 B 解析 根据句意,第一空用 determined,构成 be determined to do sth.意为“决心做某事” ; 第二空用 remaining,表示“剩余的” 。所以选择 B。 12.I can use a computer,but when it comes to A.repair C.repairing 答案 C 解析 在 when it comes to...句型中,to 是介词。所以选择 C。 13.—The exam wasn’t difficult at all,was it? —No,but I don’t believe A.somebody C.everybody 答案 C 解析 答句句意为:是的,但是我认为并不是每一个人都能通过考试。not...everybody 是部 分否定。所以选择 C。 14.Although this medicine can cure you A.for;in C.of;on 答案 C 解析 考查短语的介词搭配。cure sb.of sth.治愈某人的疾病;have effect on 对……有影响, 所以选择 C。 15.Did I see him make way A.for;of C.to;at 答案 D 解析 make way for 为……让路;play tricks on 捉弄。 Ⅱ.完形填空
24

them,I know nothing. B.repaired D.repairs

could pass it. B.anybody D.nobody

your illness,it has a side effect B.for;on D.of;at

you.

a squirrel or were my eyes playing tricks B.to;on D.for;on

me?

My watch stopped working a few days ago.The band it to fall to the floor while I was doing some clothes,I heard a terrible sound.I it was beyond 20 19 17

16

without my noticing,causing 18 some other

.As I stepped back to

the watch and saw its face had been cracked.I saw that

and sadly threw it into the garbage. 21 ,I find that I have no wish to buy a new one. 22 it is

Strangely,though it is

because in this digital age clocks are and even on my phone.I even needn’t I think that the real reason, itself has changed.While I feel as little baby boy I once rocked to me.Young and 29 28

23 .They are on my wall,in my car,on my computer, 24 my head if I want to see what time it is. 26

25 ,is that as I grow older,my relationship with 27

as ever,time in this world has gone by too fast.The to my chest is now a 23yearold man who is bigger than 30 .Now I can see 31 .The days go

adults have now grown old,sickened and even

that time cannot be kept.It flows on and on and carries us with it in a river of by,our hair turns 33

32 ,our skin becomes wrinkled,and our bodies wear out.Looking at our 34 each day we are given. 35 moment here with joy.Do your best to spend your

cannot slow it down.All we can do is embrace it and So do your best to spend each

days living, laughing, hugging, helping, praying and smiling.Do your best to spend your seconds here loving yourself,and others. 16.A.cut C.closed 答案 B 解析 根据空后的“causing it to fall to the floor”可知, 表带断了,故选 B 项。 17.A.exercising C.washing 答案 C 解析 根据后一句中的 some other clothes 可知,作者当时是在洗衣服。 18.A.fetch C.see 答案 A 解析 根据空前的 stepped back 可知,作者是回去取一些别的衣服,故选 fetch,表示“去取 来,去拿来” 。 19.A.set up C.looked for 答案 B 解析 作者将手表从地上捡了起来。 20.A.reach C.construction B.description D.repair
25

B.broke D.stopped

B.reading D.cooking

B.find D.choose

B.picked up D.cared about

答案 D 解析 根据空后内容可知,作者认为手表已无法修理。 21.A.worn C.gone 答案 C 解析 手表已经没有了。 22.A.Truly C.Indeed 答案 D 解析 根据下一段首句中的 the real reason 可知, 此处讲述不想再买手表的一个可能的原因。 23.A.somewhere C.anywhere 答案 D 解析 根据空后的 “They are on my wall, in my car, on my computer, and even on my phone.” 可知,作者认为钟表到处都是。 24.A.shake C.nod 答案 B 解析 根据前文的描述可知, 如今了解时间非常方便和快捷, 作者甚至不用扭头便可知道时 间,故用 turn。 25.A.although C.however 答案 C 解析 根据空前的“I think that the real reason”可知,此处介绍的是与前面不同的一个原因。 26.A.achievement C.competition 答案 B 解析 根据“While I feel as as ever,time in this world has gone by too fast.”可知,此 B.time D.satisfaction B.therefore D.instead B.turn D.bury B.nowhere D.everywhere B.Really D.Perhaps B.disabled D.lost

处是指作者与时间的关系改变了。 27.A.young C.happy 答案 A 解析 虽然作者感到像以前一样年轻,但时光却已飞逝。 28.A.beat C.sleep 答案 C
26

B.calm D.useful

B.knock D.stand

解析 根据常识可知,把孩子抱在怀里轻轻摇晃,容易使孩子入睡,故选 sleep。 29.A.brave C.rude 答案 B 解析 根据空后的 old,sickened 及空前的 Young 可知,此空应选 energetic。 30.A.passed away C.run away 答案 A 解析 根据空前的 grown old,sickened 及 even 可知,此空应选 passed away,是对前面情况 的进一步说明。 31.A.smile C.change 答案 C 解析 时间的流逝带来的是不断的改变。 32.A.brown C.yellow 答案 D 解析 此处是指头发变白了。 33.A.watches C.ages 答案 A 解析 看着手表不能阻止时光的流逝。 34.A.share C.divide 答案 B 解析 我们所能做的是拥抱并享受每一天的美好时光。 35.A.considerate C.precious 答案 C 解析 根据上文的内容可知,作者认为时光很宝贵,故选 precious。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 B.interesting D.difficult B.enjoy D.waste B.bodies D.relatives B.black D.grey B.silence D.love B.got away D.given away B.energetic D.proper

27

Interstellar Release date:November 7,2014 Starring:Matthew McConaughey,Anne Hathaway,Jessica Chastain, Bill Irwin,Ellen Burstyn,Michael Caine When a wormhole (which can theoretically connect widelyseparated regions of spacetime) is discovered,explorers and scientists unite to set out on a voyage through it,transcending the limits of human space travel.Among the travelers is a widowed engineer ,

Cooper(McConaughey) who has to decide to leave behind his two children to join the voyage with the goal of saving humanity. Big Hero Release date:November 7,2014 Starring:Ryan Potter,Scott Adsit,T.J.Miller,Jamie Chung,Damon Wayans Jr. Set in a fictional metropolis called San Fransokyo (a portmanteau of San Francisco and Tokyo),a young robotics genius named Hiro Hamada and his robot Baymax uncover a criminal plot and put together a team of inexperienced crimefighters,including Wasabi,Honey Lemon,GoGo Tomago,and Fred to solve the mystery surrounding the crime. The Hunger Games:Mockingjay Part 1 Release date:November 21,2014 Starring: Jeenifer Lawrence, Josh Hutcherson, Liam Hemsworth, Woody Harrelson , Elizabeth Banks , Julianne Moore , Jeffrey Wright , Jena Malone,Sam Claflin,Philip Seymour Hoffman Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence) finds herself in District 13 after she destroys the Games forever.Under the leadership of President Coin (Julianne Moore) and the advice of her trusted friends, Katniss spreads her wings as she fights to save Peeta (Josh Hutcherson) and a nation moved by her courage.

28

Penguins of Madagascar Release date:November 14,2014 Starring:Tom McGrath,Chris Miller,Benedict Cumberbatch,John Malkovich The Penguins of Madagascar is a spinoff of the Madagascar films.The series follows the adventures of four penguins: Skipper, Rico, Kowalski, and Private,who perform various paramilitarylike missions to protect their home in the Central Park Zoo.The penguins often have to deal with problems caused , or made worse , by King Julien ? (a ringtailed lemur),Maurice (an ayeaye),and Mort(a mouse lemur).

36.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage? A.The voyage through the wormhole is a considerable challenge. B.A team of crimefighters uncovers a criminal plot in Big Hero. C.President Coin pushes Katniss to protest Peeta. D.Penguins have to wrestle with problems in District 13. 答案 A 解析 推理判断题。 根据 Interstellar 的介绍中的 “transcending the limits of human space travel” 可知通过虫洞的旅行十分具有挑战性。故 A 正确。 37.The similarity that exists in the four films is that A.each of them is a branch of film series B.all of them are concerned with positive energy C.they all have the best actors and actresses in the world D.the four films all have something to do with exploration 答案 B 解析 推理判断题。通读全文可知,Interstellar《星际穿越》拯救人类,Big Hero《超级陆战 队》打击罪犯,The Hunger Game:Mockingjay Part 1《饥饿游戏:嘲笑鸟(上)》友谊和勇气, Penguins of Madagascar《马达加斯加的企鹅》保卫家园,这些都是正能量满格的电影。故选 B。 .

29


相关文章:
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 4 Unit 1 含答案
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 4 Unit 1 含答案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。话题词汇 1.volunteer n.志愿者;vt.& vi.自愿(...
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 6 Unit 1 含答案
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 6 Unit 1 含答案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。话题词汇 1.admire v.钦佩;赞美 2.positive adj....
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 5 Unit 1 含答案
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 5 Unit 1 含答案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。话题词汇 1.donation n.捐献 2.volunteer n.志愿...
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 1 Unit 3 含答案
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 1 Unit 3 含答案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。话题词汇 1.balance n.平衡 2.strength n.长处;...
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 3 Unit 3 含答案
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 3 Unit 3 含答案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。话题词汇 1.abundant adj.丰富的 2.condition n....
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 3 Unit 2 含答案
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 3 Unit 2 含答案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。话题词汇 1.absorb v.吸引;使全神贯注 2....
【步步高】(江苏专用)2017高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Public transport讲义 牛津译林版选修7
步步高】(江苏专用)2017高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Public transport讲义 牛津译林版选修7_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 4 Public transport 话题词汇 1.benefit ...
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 5 Unit 3 含答案
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 5 Unit 3 含答案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。话题词汇 1.earthquake n.地震 2.tsunami n.海啸 ...
【步步高】(江苏专用)2017高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Helping people around the world讲义 牛津译林版选修6
步步高】(江苏专用)2017高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Helping people around the world讲义 牛津译林版选修6_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit 4 Helping people around...
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 5 Unit 2 含答案
【新步步高】2017高考英语牛津译林版(江苏专用)一轮复习讲义:Book 5 Unit 2 含答案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。话题词汇 1.environmentally friendly 环保的 2....
更多相关标签: