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【个人手工制作】新牛津高中英语模块八第三单元知识点整理及单元练习


新牛津高中英语模块八第三单元知识点整理及单元练习

M8 UNIT3

一、词汇大集合

【单词】 1. In the Louver Museum is the famous Mona Lisa painting by the Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci. 卢浮宫里有意大利画家列奥纳

多·达·芬奇著名的油画《蒙娜丽莎》 。 ▲ 表示地点的介词或副词短语作状语放在句首时, 句子要用完全倒 装。把整个谓语部分提到主语前面。 East of the city is a tree of 300 years. 城市的东面有一棵三百年 的树。 2. range vi. (在一定范围或幅度内)变动;变化 ▲ range from…to…; range between…and … 从…到…/在…和…之间 变化 Their conversation ranged widely. 他们谈话所涉及的范围很 广。 She has had a number of different jobs, ranging from cook to baby-sitter.(注意分词形式) 她曾经干过许多不同的工作,从厨师到保姆。 3. distribute: ① 分发;分配;传播;散布;发行 ②分销 ▲ distribute sth. among/ to sb. 把…分发给某人 The Red Cross and some other organizations distributed food to the earthquake victims. 红十字会和其他一些机构将食品分发给地震灾民。 Many companies distribute our products in European countries. 许多公司在欧洲国家经销我们的产品。 ▲ distribution n. 分发;分配;分布;经销;分销 ▲ distributor n. 销售者;分销者

4. appetite n. ①食欲;胃口 ②欲望;爱好 She has completely lost her appetite since the operation. 手术以后, 她彻底地失去了胃口。 The walk has given me a good appetite. 散步使我 胃口大开。 ▲ have an appetite for… 喜爱;渴望 It ’s natural that everyone (should) have an appetite for the beauty. 人人都爱美,这是很自然的事。 ▲ to one’s appetite 合某人的胃口;投某人所好 A lot of businessmen and officials in Taiwan gave Wu Shuzhen valuable jewelry and money, which was exactly to her appetite. 台湾的许多商人和官员送给吴淑珍珍贵的首饰和钱, 这正是投其所 好。

5. explore vt. 探索;探究;探测 exploration n. explorer n. 考察者;探测者 The mainland of China will link up with Taiwan to explore the nearby sea for oil. = The mainland of China will link up with Taiwan in oil exploration. 中国大陆将与台湾合作探测附近的海域寻找石油。 6. abandon vt. 放弃;丢弃;遗弃 They had to abandon the match because of the rain. 因为下雨, 他们只好终止比赛。 Many young couples abandoned their little children to their grandparents and went to cities for jobs. 许多年轻夫妻把小孩丢 给爷爷奶奶,自己进城打工。 7. Tourists paid him small fees for these early works, and considering his later fame, they got a real bargain. 旅游者付给他很少的钱, 购 买他这些早期作品,鉴于他后来的名望, 旅游者的确买到了 便宜货。 ▲ pay sb. some money for sth 付钱给某人买下某物; ▲ considering his later… 就…而论;照…说来;鉴于…;考虑到…;

在句子中作状语。 Considering his age, the child reads very well. 就他的年龄来说,这 个小孩读得很好。 = Taking his age into consideration, the child reads very well. ▲ bargain n. 交易;合同;协议;廉价货; v. 讲价;谈条件 At that low price the coat is really a bargain. 按那样低的价钱出 售,这衣服是便宜的。 Finally I made a bargain with them. 最终我和他们达成 协议。 ▲ bargain with sb. about / over / for sth. 与某人就某事/ 某物讨价还价 She bargained with the shop owner till he sold her the fruit cheaply. 她和店老板讨价还价,直到他把水果便宜地卖给了她。 8. In 1983, he was admitted to the Beijing School of Art. 1983 年, 他被北京美院录取。 admit vt. 1) 承认 ▲ admit (to) (doing) sth ▲ admit that-clause ▲ admit sth./ sb. to be… He admitted having told a lie./ that he had told a lie./ the lie that he had told. 他承认撒了谎。 She admitted (to) being too strict with her children. 她承认对孩 子过于严厉。 2) 准许…进入…;准许加入(俱乐部,组织) ;接纳(入学) ▲ admit sb./ sth. into / to sth. ▲ sb. be admitted to/into… They have all been admitted to/into college. 他们全被大 学录取了。 ▲ admission n. 承认,供认,入场费

9. It was while at the New York School of Art that he experimented with different materials such as cloth and plastic in his paintings. 正是在纽约艺术学院里,他在绘画中尝试使用不同的材料,比如布 或塑料等。 ▲ 这是一个强调句型,被强调的是 while 引导的时间状语从句的 省略形式。 It ’s today that he’s going. 他是今天走。

It was here that he chiefly differed from me. 他和我的主要不同就 在这儿。 ▲ experiment with sth. 用…做实验 ▲ experiment on sth. 在…身上做实验 Many people don’t like the idea of experimenting on animals. 许多人不赞成在动物身上做试验。 He wanted to experiment with different materials in his paintings. 他想在画中尝试用不同的材料。 10. Cut up some strawberries for eyes, peaches for ears, and a mushroom for a nose. 把草莓切碎做眼睛,桃子做耳朵,蘑菇做鼻子。 ▲ cut up 把…切成小块;切碎;剁碎 You should cut up your meat before eating it. 你应该把 肉切开再吃。 ▲ cut down 砍倒 ▲ cut in 插嘴,打断 ▲ cut back on 减少;削减 ▲ cut off 中断,停止;割掉;剪掉 ▲ cut short 中断;停止 11. Next put the glue where you want to put the string. 然后,在你想要 放绳子的地方涂上胶水。 ▲ where 引导一个地点状语从句,修饰谓语动词 put。 You can put the books where you want to (put them). Where there is a will, there is a way. ▲ where 还可以引导名词性从句。 I don’t know where he works. (宾语从句) Where he lives is a secret. (主语从句) My difficulty is where I can get enough funds to start the project. (表语从句) Many college graduates are facing the same problem where they can find jobs. (同位语从句) ▲ where 还可以引导定语从句 He still lives in the town where he was born. (限制性定语从句) Drivers should be more careful near schools, where there are likely to be many students. (非限制性定语从句)

【短语】 1. talented artists 2. develop different styles of painting 画风格 3. be represented as 4. fly to Paris 5. a lady with a mysterious smile 人 6. make a lot of scientific discoveries 7. in the field of astronomy 8. range from…to… 变化 range between…and … 9. float on the surface of a pond 10. the clouds beneath the plane 11. towards the end of one’s life 有天赋的艺术家 创造了不同的绘 被描述成 飞往巴黎 带着神秘微笑的夫 作出许多科学发现 在天文学领域 从…到…;在…和…之间

漂浮在池塘的表面 飞机下的云层 到生命后期;晚年

12. devote one’s whole self to painting 全身心投入绘画 13. sell and distribute van Gogh’s paintings to buyers 向买主兜售 和推销梵高的画 14. negotiate a successful sale 谈成一笔生意 15. make…out of/from… 用…制成 16. It takes a long time to do sth. 花很长时间做某事 17. make unusual pictures 制作不同寻常的图 画 18. cut up (=cut …into pieces) 切碎 cut…out of… 用…裁剪出… 19. take a photo of… 拍一张…的照片 20. try out 试用,试验 21. draw the outline of… 画出…的轮廓 22. create pictures with feathers and shells 用羽毛和贝壳制 作艺术品 23. be stuck onto the card 被粘贴在纸板上 24. lay all the pieces out on the card 把所有的贝壳都铺 在卡片上 25. sound disgusting 听起来恶心 26. use sth. in another way 用另一种方法使 用…

27. use old cloths to dip into paint 28. have a go at (doing) sth.

用旧布蘸颜料 试一试 (做)某事

附:短语整理 1. still lifes 静物画 2. have an output of 出产量为 3. architecture 建筑;architect 建筑师 4. experiment with 用---尝试 5. reach a consensus/ agreement 达成一致意见 6. come on the market 上市销售 7. calculate 计算 calculation n.

8. be typical of 是---的典型(风格,做派等) 9. abandon the idea= give up the idea 放弃 10. impression n. 印象 impressive adj. 令人印象深刻的 be impressed by 对---印象深的

11. light and shadow 光与(阴)影 12. commit(ted) oneself to doing sth. 全身心投入做某事 = devote oneself to doing sth. commit a crime 犯罪 commit sb./oneself to (doing) sth. 使保证做---, 承诺--commit a man to hospital. 把---转交---保留/处理 13. receive a great reward for his effort 努力得到回报 reward sb. for sth.= give sb. a reward for sth.回报某人 14. be worth upwards of millions of dollars 价值超过百万美元 15. be off to 出发去---

16. an art gallery 画廊 17. passer(s)-by 过路人 18. souvenir 纪念品 19. gain admission to the university 被大学录取 = be admitted to 20. reflect the scenery of 反映了----的风光 21. win a scholarship 赢得奖学金 22. The painting measures three metres tall. 这幅画高三米。 23. be made out of slices of bread 用面包片做成 24. put on the apron 穿上围裙 25. a variety of 一系列的,各种各样的 26. cut up tomatoes 切碎西红柿 27. draw the outline 勾勒轮廓 28. lay out 布局,展开 29. sound disgusting 听起来恶心 30. dip(ped) into the ink 蘸墨水 31. have a go (at sth.)= have a try 试一试 32. try sth. out 实验,尝试

二、单元综合练习

第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节;满分 35 分) 第一节 单项选择(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)

请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选 出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21.(2013· 苏北四市联考)Everyone who reached the top of Mount Tai was ________ with a magnificent view. A.awarded C.rewarded B.admired D.appreciated

22.(2013· 长沙质检)Hardly ________ the railway station when the train arrived yesterday. A.we had reached C.did we reach B.we have reached D.had we reached

23.(2010· 湖北高考)After the earthquake, the first thing the local government did was to provide ________ for the homeless families. A.accommodation C.equipment B.occupation D.furniture

24.The contract commits him ________ for the team for the next three years. A.to play C.to playing B.playing D.play

25. (2013· 无锡一中模拟)The parents were happy to know that their son had won ________ to Beijing University. A.permission C.recognition B.allowance D.admission

26 . (2013· 姜堰高三模拟 )Someone has upset the photographs I ________ so carefully, which makes me quite angry. A.laid off C.laid down B.laid out D.laid aside

27. (2009· 湖北高考)The loss has not yet been ________ accurately, but it is believed to be well beyond a hundred million dollars. A.calculated C.completed B.considered D.controlled

28.(2013· 浙江六校联考)Addiction to tobacco is both physical and psychological. Every smoker knows how difficult it is to stop smoking or even ________. A.cut in C.cut out B.cut down D.cut up

29 . (2012· 湖 南 师 大 附 中 模 拟 )My father returned to his car, ________ one of the windows was broken by someone and his briefcase was gone. A.only to find C.having been found B.find D.found

30.(2013· 徐州高三模拟)—Would she mind playing against her former teammates? —________ She is willing to play against any tough players. A.I think so. C.Of course. B.I'm not surprised. D.Not likely!

31. (2013· 江苏兴化模拟)—How about calling you at 9 o'clock next Tuesday morning? —Oh, I'm afraid I ________ an important meeting. A.will be attending C.attend B.will have attended D.am attending

32. (2012· 宝鸡二模)Unsatisfied________with the payment, he took the job just to get some work experience. A.as was he B.as he was

C.he was as

D.was he as

33.(2012· 江苏泗阳中学模拟)Steven Hawking's conclusion about black holes is a little ________, but it has been accepted by most of the world. A.realistic C.contemporary B.abstract D.appropriate

34.There was a ________ expression on the child's face when he saw the ________ scene. A.disgusting; disgusting C.disgusting; disgusted B.disgusted; disgusting D.disgusted; disgusted

35(2013· 常德模拟)We enjoyed the atmosphere ________ we could talk in a friendly way. A.that C.when B.where D.which

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项 中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Can you imagine becoming the richest person in the world and then giving your money away? That’s exactly what Andrew Carnegie 36 . Carnegie had a number of different careers; he was an industrialist and a businessman and he made a lot of money. He believed that 37 people were morally obligated (有责任的) to give their 38 back to others in society. So after retirement in 1901, the world’s 39 man decided to become a philanthropist (慈善家), a person who gives money to good 40 . 41 Carnegie had made some charitable donations before 1901, he really

made giving away money his new 42 after retirement. In 1902 he founded the Carnegie Institution to fund scientific research and 43 a pension fund (退休基金) for teachers with a $10 million donation. Throughout his life, Andrew Carnegie loved to read. As a result, it made 44 that he wanted to give money to 45 education and reading. When Carnegie was a young man he lived near Anderson, a rich man who 46 any working boy to use his 47 library for free. In those days, America 48 had a system of free public libraries and poor people usually had nowhere to find books to read. Carnegie never forgot Anderson’s 49 ; so he gave money to towns and cities to establish more than 2,000 public 50 . He also gave $125 million to a foundation called the Carnegie Corporation ( 卡耐基社团法 人) to 51 colleges and other schools. World peace was another cause Carnegie 52 . He established the Carnegie Endowment ( 基 金 ) for international peace and funded the building of the Hague Palace of Peace, which 53 the World Court with houses, in the Netherlands. By 1911, Carnegie had 54 a huge amount of money —90 percent of his 55 . Today, Carnegie has a world-wide reputation, both for his success in his business and in his contributions to charity. 36. A. admired did 37. A. wealthy considerate 38. A. business money 39. A. richest smartest B. purest C. poorest D. B. experience C. wisdom D. B. sincere C. educated D. B. promised C. said D.

40. A. expectations decisions 41. A. Until Because 42. A. hobby 43. A. discovered awarded 44. A. fun effect 45. A. support Extend 46. A. allowed praised 47. A. public main 48. A. rarely 49. A. enthusiasm Energy 50. A. libraries Academies 51. A. buy Choose

B. causes

C. reputations

D.

B. Though

C. Since

D.

B. hope B. established

C. life C. applied

D. career D.

B. success

C. sense

D.

B. continue

C. raise

D.

B. supposed

C. followed

D.

B. personal

C. secret

D.

B. nearly B. generosity

C. usually C. courage

D. really D.

B. schools

C. hospitals

D.

B. aid

C. assess

D.

52. A. burst in in 53. A. handled dealt 54. A. collected wasted 55. A. strength

B. took on

C. relied on

D. called

B. provided

C. pleased

D.

B. donated

C. invested

D.

B. opportunities

C. efforts

D. fortune

第三部分 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A It is reported that the Ebola virus has returned to Africa. The virus causes a disease called Ebola hemorrhagic (出血的) fever. The Ebola virus affects animals and people. It killed more than 200 people in the former Zaire in 1995. This year, the Ebola virus has killed more than 150 people in Uganda. The Ebola virus kills so quickly that the body’s defense system has no time to act against it. The disease kills fifty to ninety percent of the people it infects (感染). The disease begins with high body temperature, severe headache and muscle hurting. Then it causes severe bleeding and organ failure. Then the victim dies. Doctors say a person with the Ebola

virus usually dies within three weeks after becoming infected. The disease spreads by people touching the body fluids of an infected person. No medicine or treatment now exists for the disease. Recently, however, American researchers announced progress in developing a medicine to prevent Ebola hemorrhagic fever in monkeys. The scientists gave eight monkeys a small but deadly amount of the Ebola virus. They gave an experimental vaccine (疫苗) to only four of them. The monkeys that did not receive the vaccine died within a week. The vaccine prevented the disease from developing in the four monkeys that received it. All the four monkeys were healthy six months later. The researchers said this was the first time a vaccine had protected animals similar to humans from the deadly Ebola virus. They will continue to test the vaccine on animals by giving them increasingly strong amounts of the virus. 56. The first symptom of Ebola hemorrhagic fever is ______. A. high body temperature B. serious bleeding C. severe body hurting D. organ failure

57. The Ebola virus can cause death quickly mainly because _________. A. it causes a great deal of suffering B. it causes people to lose much blood C. the body’s defense system hasn’t time to act against it

D. it can easily produce viruses in people’s bodies 58. From the passage we can learn that _________. A. the Ebola virus was originally found in Africa B. progress in finding a vaccine to prevent the Ebola virus has been made C. monkeys can be infected by the Ebola virus through air D. people infected with the Ebola virus always die immediately after being infected 59. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. Monkeys are similar to humans in how a vaccine affects them. B. The researchers directly tested the vaccine on people. C. Half of all moneys injected with the vaccine died six months later. D. The researchers gave the monkeys a large amount of the Ebola virus.

B It’s hard to find a star shining brighter in Nashville than Kenny Chesney. Since he took off 15 years ago, this country musician has sold more than 25 million albums, has had sixteen No. 1 hits, won countless awards and had a sea of loyal fans who have made him the biggest North American concert-ticket seller. Kenny is certainly at the height of his career as he releases his Greatest Hits II album this week. It’s a collection of songs in which he

says each takes him to a different place or event in his life. The most personal is the song I’m Alive, Kenny tells The Boot. "Most of the songs on this record are really fun, but I wrote I’m Alive after my breakup with Renee. I woke up one day and realized, even though I had gone through this and didn’t feel good about it, my life still belongs to me. I’m alive; I get to make music; I’ve got a lot of great friends. That’s the message of the song." Kenny insists that the song selection for Greatest Hits II is not formulaic(刻板的). In addition to the hits that climbed the country charts, the singer also wanted to include some songs unknown to his fans that reflected his life and career path. "I didn’t want it to be all hits; I wanted it to be a second chapter of my life in music," he explains. "So the song Beas You Are really does that for me." Kenny recently celebrated his 41st birthday, but the number of candles on the cake didn’t depress him a bit, thanks to what he loves so deeply. "I still feel like I’m 18,"he says. "Living life the way you do on the road, it definitely keeps you feeling that way. And I think people that have music in their life are a lot better off ( 富有) and healthier than people that don’t. I’ve been very content to have not just a little bit of music in my life, but a whole lot of music. It drives my life." 60. Kenny Chesney refers to one of his songs I’m Alive for the purpose of

_________. A. telling his fans about his breakup with his girlfriend B. inspiring his fans with confidence in life C. calling on people to make music like him D. advertising his new album to increase sales 61. We can learn from the passage that Kenny Chesney ______. A. is a star not only in Nashville, but also around the world B. won few awards for his work in country music C. was at his most successful when Greatest Hits II was released D. selected nothing but big hits for Greatest Hits II 62. What is the relationship between music and life, according to Kenny Chesney? A. Music is a way of earning a lot of money. B. Music always makes people feel they are 18. C. Music gives life power, besides wealth and health. D. Music is the most important part of everyone’s life.

C Experts have confirmed youngsters who use Face book( 美国一社交 网站) do worse in exams. For the study, the researchers quizzed 219 college students about their study habits and the time they spent on Face book. They found that 65

percent of Face book users used the net daily, often checking it several times to see if they had received new messages. The study said that 68 percent of students who used Face book didn’t perform as well as those who did not use the site. Surfing on Face book can swallow up(耗尽) hours of study time. University student Daisy Jones, 21, said: "I was in the library trying to write a 2,000-word essay when I noticed my Face book habit had gotten out of hand. I couldn’t resist going online. You do that, then someone’s photo catches your eyes. Before you know it, a couple of minutes have turned into a couple of hours and you haven’t written a thing." While they focused on Face book, the findings are also thought to hold true for other social networking sites. A research by the National Literacy Trust recently showed that one in five youngsters aged seven to 15 never read books outside school because websites and blogs are becoming their reading matter of choice. Pupils ranked social networking sites, blogs, general websites and magazines above books in a survey of their reading habits. Research has also shown that youngsters are spending up to six hours a day in front of a screen. However, students appeared to ignore the effect of going online on their study performance. The majority did not feel it had an impact on their work. A spokesman for Face book said: "There is also research that shows

the benefits of services like Face book. It’s in the hands of students, with the help of their parents, to decide how they spend their time." 63. What’s the main idea of this passage? A. study shows pupils who spend time on Face book do worse in exams. B. People who spend more time on Face book spend less time reading. C. Websites and blogs are becoming student’s reading matter of choice. D. The usage of Face book among younger children is high and growing. 64. The third paragraph is developed by ________ in structure. A. example B. argument C. description D. analysis

65. What’s most students’ attitude towards the result of the study? A. Contrary. D. Uninterested. 66. According to Facebook’s spokesman, which of the following is TRUE? A. Face book doesn’t accept the result of the study. B. The result of the study is good for students. C. Students are to blame for their poor performance in study. D. It’s parents who decide whether students should be allowed to use B. Supportive. C. Understandable.

Face book.

D Guinness World Records, known until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records(and in previous U.S. editions as The Guinness Book of World Records), is a reference book published annually, and contains an internationally recognized collection of world records —both human achievements and the extremes of the natural world. The book itself holds a world record, as the best-selling copyrighted series of all time. However, several world records that were once included in the book have been removed for ethical (伦理的) reasons. By publishing world records in categories(种类), the book encourages people to try to beat that record, and pays no attention to health and safety. For example, following the publication of a "heaviest cat" record, many cat owners fed their pets beyond the bounds of what was healthy; this is an example of the entries that have been removed. In 1991, the book also dropped records within the "eating and drinking records" category of its Human Achievements section, over concerns that potential competitors would harm themselves, and expose the publisher to litigation(起诉). These changes included the removal of all liquor, wine and beer-drinking records, along with records for eating such unlikely things as bicycles and trees. Other records, such as sword swallowing and rally driving (on public roads), were closed to

further entries because the current record holders had performed beyond what were considered acceptable levels of human tolerance. There have been examples of closed records being reopened, however. For example, the sword-swallowing record was listed as closed in the 1990 Guinness Book of World Records, but the Guinness World Records Primetime TV show, which started in 1998, accepted three sword swallowing challenges (as did the 2007 edition of the Guinness World Records). Chain letters are also forbidden. According to the book’s publisher: "Guinness World Records does not accept any records relating to chain letters, sent by post or e-mail. If you receive a letter or an e-mail, which may promise to publish the names of all those who send it, please destroy or delete it; it is a trick." 67. This passage is mainly about _______. A. how many kinds of records Guinness World Records has B. ethical issues and safety concerns related to Guinness World Records C. the history of Guinness World Records D. Guinness World Records in overview 68. What is the main purpose of the first paragraph? A. To put forward the main idea of the passage. B. To tell the readers that the name of the book has changed.

C. To indicate that Guinness World Records is a famous book. D. To encourage people to read Guinness World Records. 69. Guinness World Records has decided to remove some records because the following BUT ____. A. the records are too difficult to break B. the records are considered to involve immoral actions C. some aspects of trying to break them are dangerous D. some items are considered beyond acceptable levels of human tolerance 70. From this passage we can infer that ______. A. sword swallowing will forever be closed to further entry B. the item about the fattest dog can be found in the present book C. the editors of Guinness World Records don’t want readers to write to them D. the record related to rally driving can still be found in the book

第四部分 任务型阅读(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里 填入一个最恰当的单词。注意:每个空格只填一个单词。请将答案写 在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。 Good communication is vital in modern society. We know that much of

the communication is unspoken. Consciously or unconsciously, we show our true feelings with our eyes, faces, bodies and attitudes. Your good qualities can make good communication. The personal qualities include: physical appearance, energy, rate of speech, pitch and tone of voice, gestures, expressiveness of eyes, and the ability to hold the interest of others. What should we do so that our communication will be effective? Here are my suggestions. Firstly, you should be yourself. The trick is to be consistently you, at your best. The most effective people never change character from one situation to another. They’re the same whether they’re having a conversation with their close friends, addressing their garden club or being interviewed for a job. They communicate with their whole being. Secondly, whether you’re talking to one person or one hundred, always remember to look at them. Don’t break eye contact while talking. As you enter a room, move your eyes comfortably, then look directly at those in the room and smile. This shows clearly that you are at ease. Smiling is important. The best type of smile and eye contact is gentle and comfortable, not forced. You should also absorb other people before showing yourself. You can’t learn anything when you talk. When you attend a meeting, a party or an interview, don’t immediately start throwing your opinions. Stop for a

second. Absorb what’s going on. What’s the mood of the others—are they down, up, happy, expectant? Are they eager to learn from you, or do they show resistance? If you can sense what’s happening with others, you will be better able to reach them. So, listen before you talk. The fourth suggestion is that you focus your energy. How do you get your energy up? Before the meeting, collect your thoughts about the goal of the meeting—yours and the other’s. Once you go through the doorway, no longer think about yourself. Focus on the person you are meeting to find out what he is interested in. Properly collected energy comes across when we sincerely believe something. When you speak with energy, you are involved with your audience and your message. You create an air of certainty. The audience may disagree with you, but they can’t question your belief. Lastly, I would like to remind you that you should lighten up. Take a good hard look at your self. Do you say “I” too often? Are you only concentrated on your own problems? Do you complain frequently? If you answered yes to even one of these questions, you need to be more relaxed.

How to communicate (71) ▲ Suggestions Dos Don’ts Change character in

Be yourself Always be the same and

communicate with your whole (72) ▲ situations. being. Use your eyes l Make direct eye contact. and smile l Present a gentle and comfortable (73) ▲ . Listen before Stop for a short time to know (75) ▲ the others’ mood and what is happening with them. Focus your (76) ▲ l Remain (77) ▲ and think Think about yourself. clearly and carefully before the meeting. l Focus on the person you’re meeting. Lighten up Try to be (78) ▲ . l Say “I” too often. l Concentrate on your own problems. l Make too (79) ▲ complaint. Conclusion Good communication (80) ▲ on good personal qualities. Begin your talk immediately. l Break eye contact. l (74) ▲ yourself to smile.

第五部分 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是江苏× × 中学的学生李平,下周是你校的 60 周年校庆,你和 你的同学将要表演相声等节目,你的外教 Peter 一直对中国的文化艺术 很感兴趣 , 因此你打算邀请他观看你们的演出。请根据下表内容给 Peter 写一封邀请信。

目的和主题:为庆祝建校 60 周年举办联欢会 时间:11 月 6 日上午 8:00 到 11:00 地点:校会议大厅 演出节目:相声、歌曲、舞蹈、武术等 参加人员:全校师生及往界毕业生

注意: 1. 生词: 联欢会 party / get-together 武术 Wushu 2. 词数: 150 左右,可适当拓展。 _______________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ 周年纪念日 anniversary

__________________________

参考答案 21-25 CDACD 26-30 BABAD 31-35 ABBBB 36-40 DADAB 41-45 BDBCA 56-60 BCACB 61-65 CCAAA 任务型阅读: 7 1. effectively/well 76. energy 77. calm 78. relaxed 80. rules 79. much 80. depends 72. different 73. smile 74. Force 75. talking 46-50 ABABA 66-70 ABCAD 51-55 BBBBD

79. regularly

书面表达(One possible version): Dear Peter, I’m writing to tell you something about our party. To celebrate the sixtieth anniversary of our school’s founding, we will hold a party in the meeting hall of our school on Nov. 6th. That is, next Friday. The party will start at 8:00 a.m. and last till 11:00. At it, a lot of interesting and wonderful performances will be given by us students, such as songs, dances, wushu and poem reciting. My classmates and I will also perform some crosstalk, which, you know, is a traditional Chinese form of comedy. All the teachers and students will come to the party, and so will former graduates from our school.

We have heard that you are interested in Chinese culture and art, so we would like to invite you to watch our performances. We believe you will enjoy our performances very much and have a good time. We will be expecting you at 7:40 that morning. We are looking forward to seeing you. Yours, Li Ping


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