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专题七《动词的时态和语态》


课时训练 47

动词的时态与语态

一、用所给动词的正确时态和语态填空 1. Tom could have finished all the work on his own, but he ________ (refer) to the teacher for help. 答案 referred

2. I notic

ed they ________ (put) up an advertisement in the papers for the position of the sales director. 答案 had put

3.If you finish the task before the deadline, you ________(have) a new one then. 答案 are going to have/will have

4.You can pick me up at my house at 7:30 pm. I ________ (wait) for you at that time. 答案 will be waiting

5.Sean said he ________ (tell) by the group that if he wanted to perform with them he had to get his hair dyed. 答案 had been told

6.She ________ (work)on a new novel ever since this summer, which will be finished next month. 答案 has been working

7.Tom will have the certificate before he as well as his friends ________ (graduate) this summer. 答案 graduates

8.When you made the call, I ________ (prepare) for the coming celebration of our school's 60th anniversary.
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答案

was preparing

9.A high school in England ________ (order) its schoolgirls to wear trousers instead of short skirts. 答案 orders

10.Will you please write the cards while I ________ (cook) the dinner? 答案 am cooking

二、根据汉语提示,用括号内的英语单词的正确时态和语态完成 句子。 1.作为一名著名演员,她的衣着方式总在被人模仿。 As a wellknown actress, the way of her dressing ________ (follow) all the time. 答案 is being followed

2.我们好几年没见面了;我根本就没认出你。 It's many years since I saw you last time; I ________ (recognize) you at all. 答案 didn't recognize

3.过去几年我一直深信,辛勤工作就一定会成功。 For the last couple of years I ________ (convince) that hard work will surely lead to success. 答案 have been convinced

4.我没想买任何东西。我这会儿只是看看。 I don't have the intention of doing any shopping.I ________(just, look) now. 答案 am just looking

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5.别担心,这不过是茶杯里掀风浪。到明天大家会忘记这事。 Don't worry.It's a storm in a teacup.Everyone ________ (forget) about it by tomorrow. 答案 will have forgotten

6.正在重修中的石桥将给地震灾区的人们的生活带来更大的改 变。 The stone bridge which ________ (rebuild) will make a much greater difference to the life of the people in the earthquakestricken area. 答案 is being rebuilt

7.当消防队员到达时,大火已经着了将近半个小时了。 By the time the firemen arrived,the big fire ________ (burn)for nearly half an hour. 答案 had been burning

8.起初我怀疑他是否能准时参加会议。 At first I doubted if he ________ (attend)the meeting on time. 答案 would attend

9.请告诉我答案吧;这个问题我已经冥思苦想好几周了。 Tell me the answer please;I ________ (puzzle)over this question for weeks. 答案 have been puzzled

10.去年秋天我们曾登广告招生,并且招了 60 多人。 We ________ (advertise) for pupils last autumn,and got more than 60. 答案 advertised

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三、请改正下列句子中的时态和语态的错误。 1. All students in rural Chinese primary and junior middle schools will provide with a free Xinhua Dictionary. 答案 will provide→will be provided

2.Yesterday I suspected of stealing something, which made me feel extremely terrible. 答案 suspected 前加 was

3.The detective fixed his sharp eyes upon the box, wondering whether he saw it somewhere before. 答案 saw→had seen

4.Have a try and you would see you can do it. 答案 would→will

5 . A large number of students in our school are from the countryside, and the number grows all the time. 答案 grows→is growing

6.When you come back an hour later, I will finish the work. 答案 will finish→will have finished

7.What a disappointment! I expect that you would fix my iPad yesterday. 答案 expect→had expected

8. The students who fail to reach the score will not admitted to the university. 答案 will not admitted→will not be admitted

9.I am attending my training class at 9 next Sunday morning. 答案 am attending→will be attending

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10.How foolish you should be if you are to take these words seriously. 答案 are to→were to

四、高考原题单项填空 1.We won't start the work until all the preparations ________. A. are being made C. have been made 答案 解析 C 考查动词的时态。句意为:直到做好所有准备工作,我们 B. will be made D. had been made

才会开始这项工作。根据题干中的“until”可知,until 引导的是一个时 间状语从句。在时间状语从句、让步状语从句、条件状语从句中常用 一般现在时来表达将来时。根据主句中的“won't”可知,从句需用一般 现在时,不过本句话句意强调动作的完成,因此用现在完成时。故选 C。 2.She ________ someone, so I nodded to her and went away. A. phoned C. was phoning 答案 解析 C 考查动词的时态。句意为:当时她正给别人打电话,所以 B. had phoned D. has phoned

我对她点了点头,离开了。过去进行时表示在过去某一时刻或某一段 时间内正在进行或发生的动作,其形式为 was/were+ving。根据语境 可知,她当时正在给人打电话,所以空格处用过去进行时表示在过去 某一时刻正在发生的动作。故选 C。 3.—Hi, let's go skating. —Sorry, I'm busy right now. I ________ in an application form
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for a new job. A. fill C. am filling 答案 解析 C 考查动词的时态。分析对话语境可知,fill 这一动作正在进 B. have filled D. will fill

行中,因此空格处应用现在进行时。故选 C。 4 . Writing out all the invitations by hand was more timeconsuming than we ________. A. will expect C. expect 答案 解析 D 考查动词的时态。句意为:手写这些请柬比我们预期的要 B. are expecting D. had expected

费时得多。由“was”可知,“写请柬”这个动作已经发生,是过去的动 作,“预期”发生在过去的过去,所以要用过去完成时。故选 D。 5.—How much do you know about the Youth Olympic Games to be held in Nanjing? —Well, the media ________ it in a variety of forms. A. cover C. have covered 答案 解析 C 考查动词的时态。句意为:你对即将在南京举行的青奥会 B. will cover D. covered

了解多少?哦,媒体已经以各种形式对其进行了报道。答句表示过去 的动作对现在的影响。故用现在完成时。故 C 项正确。 6.—What time is it? —I have no idea. But just a minute, I ________ it for you. A. check B. checked

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C. will check 答案 解析 C

D. would check

考查动词的时态。分析对话语境可知,空格处所在的句子

表示“等一会儿,我去为你看一下”,因此空格处表示的是将来的动 作,应用一般将来时。故选 C。 7. Sofia looked around at all the faces; she had the impression that she ________ most of the guests before. A. has seen C. saw 答案 解析 B 考查动词的时态。句意为:Sofia 环顾了一下所有的面孔, B. had seen D. would see

她的印象是大部分客人她以前都见过。根据句意可知,此处 see 的动 作发生在过去的过去,应该是在“had the impression”动作之前,同时 由时间状语“before”可知,空格处应该用过去完成时。故选 B 项。 8.—Haven't seen you for ages! Where have you been? —I went to Ningxia and ________ there for one year, teaching as a volunteer. A. stayed C. had stayed 答案 解析 A 考查动词的时态。句意为:多年不见,你去哪里了?我去 B. stay D. am staying

了宁夏,作为志愿者在那里支教了一年。根据句意可知,去宁夏支教 这件事发生在过去,应用一般过去时。故选 A。 9.I found the lecture hard to follow because it ________ when I arrived. A. started B. was starting

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C. would start 答案 解析 D

D. had started

考查动词的时态。根据语境可知,空格处的动作发生在

“arrived”之前,即过去的过去,因此空格处应用过去完成时。故选 D。 10.The twins, who ________ their homework, were allowed to play badminton on the playground. A. will finish C. have finished 答案 解析 D 考查动词的时态。句意为:那对双胞胎已完成了作业,可 B. finish D. had finished

以去操场打羽毛球了。根据语境可知,finish 是过去发生的动作,且发 生在谓语动词“were allowed”之前,即过去的过去,故用过去完成时。 故选 D。 题眼:句子谓语“were allowed”提示了本句整体用过去时态。 11.—Tony, why are your eyes red? —I ________ up peppers for the last five minutes. A. cut C. had cut 答案 解析 D 考查动词的时态。句意为:Tony,你眼睛怎么红了?我前 B. was cutting D. have been cutting

五分钟一直在切胡椒。根据时间状语“for the last five minutes”和语境 可知,此处指过去五分钟一直持续的动作,应用现在完成进行时。故 选 D 项。 题眼:本题解题的关键是时间状语“for the last five minutes”。 12.Since the time humankind started gardening, we ________ to

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make our environment more beautiful. A. try C. are trying 答案 解析 B 考查动词的时态。句意为:自从人类有了园艺技术,我们 B. have been trying D. will try

就一直在让我们的环境越来越美丽。根据从句中的“Since the time”可 知, 主句应用完成时, 再结合语境可知, “让我们的环境越来越美丽” 这一动作一直在发生,故此处用现在完成进行时。故 B 项正确。 知识拓展:现在完成进行时由 “have/has+ been+现在分词 ”构 成,表示从过去开始到现在为止一直在进行的动作,这动作可能继续, 也可能已停止。 例如: He's been watching television all day.他看了一天电视了。 He has been doing this work for three years.这工作他已干了三年 了。 13.During his stay in Xi'an, Jerry tried almost all the local foods his friends ________. A. would recommend B. had recommended C. have recommended D. were recommending 答案 解析 B 考查动词的时态。句意为:Jerry 在西安逗留期间,几乎尝

遍了他朋友推荐的所有当地的食物。分析题干可知,recommend 的动 作发生在主句动作 tried 之前,是过去的过去,因此用过去完成时。故

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B 项正确。 14.James has just arrived, but I didn't know he ________ until yesterday. A. will come C. had come 答案 解析 B 考查动词的时态。句意为:James 刚刚到达,但是直到昨 B. was coming D. came

天我才知道他要来。根据语境可知,动词 come 在主句的谓语动词 “didn't know“”之后发生,表示过去的将来要发生的动作,所以用 过去进行时表示过去的将来。故选 B 项。 易错点拨:考生容易根据过去的时间状语“yesterday”而误用一般 过去时。 15. They made up their mind that they ________ a new house once Larry changed jobs. A. bought C. have bought 答案 解析 B 考查动词的时态。句意为:他们决定一旦 Larry 换了工作, B. would buy D. had bought

他们就买新房子。once 引导的是条件状语从句,根据“主将从现”的 原则可知,从句用一般过去时时,主句应用过去将来时。故选 B。 16.Whenever you ________ a present, you should think about it from the receiver's point of view. A. bought C. will buy 答案 解析 D 考查动词的时态。句意为:不论你什么时候买礼物,都要 B. have bought D. buy

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从接受者的角度想一想 (礼物是否合适)。时间状语从句遵循 “主将从 现”原则,即状语从句应该使用一般现在时。故 D 项正确。 17.Around two o'clock every night, Sue will start talking in her dream. It somewhat ________us. A. bothers C. would bother 答案 解析 A 考查动词时态。句意为:每天夜里 2 点左右,Sue 就会开 B. had bothered D. bothered

始说梦话,这多少有点打扰我们。根据时间状语“Around two o'clock every night”可知,此处叙述的是每天晚上都发生的事情,故用一般现 在时。故 A 项正确。 题眼:句中有明显的时间状语“every night”,这是解决此题的关 键。 18.I felt very tired when I got home, and I ________ straight to bed. A. go C. had gone 答案 解析 B 考查动词时态。句意为:当回到家时,我已经感到非常累 B. went D. have gone

了,于是直接上床睡觉。根据“felt”“got”和句中的“and”可知,睡觉这 个动作发生在过去,故应用一般过去时。故答案选 B。 19.Hurry up, kids! The school bus ________ for us! A. waits C. waited 答案 D B. was waiting D. is waiting

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解析

考查动词时态。句意为:孩子们,快点!校车正在等我们!

现在进行时表示此时此刻正在发生或进行的动作。根据语境可知,空 格处的动作正在进行,所以应用现在进行时。故选 D。 20.—So what is the procedure? —All the applicants ________ before a final decision is made by the authority. A. interview C. are interviewed 答案 解析 C 考查动词时态和语态。句意为:那是什么样的程序呢?所 B. are interviewing D. are being interviewed

有的求职者在单位做出最终的决定以前都要进行面试。 根据语意可知, 此处为“一种规定”表示“某种客观事实”应用一般现在时, applicants 与 interview 之间为被动关系,故应用一般现在时的被动语 态。故答案选 C。 21.I didn't think I'd like the movie, but actually it ________ pretty good. A. has been C. had been 答案 解析 B 考查动词时态。句意为:我原以为我不会喜欢这部电影, B. was D. would be

但实际上这部电影很好。由 didn't 可知,本句是对过去事情的陈述, 因此应用一般过去时,所以此处用 was,故答案选 B。 22.Shakespeare's play Hamlet ________ into at least ten different films over the past years. A. had been made C. has been made B. was made D. would be made

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答案 解析

C 考 查 动 词 时 态 。 根 据 句 中 的 时 间 状 语 “over the past

years(在过去的几年里)”可知,此处表示“到目前为止已经完成或发 生了的动作”,因此应用现在完成时态。故答案选 C。 23.—Oh no! We're too late ________. The train ________. —That's OK. We'll catch the next train to London. A. was leaving C. has left 答案 解析 C 考查动词时态。根据“We're too late.”可知,火车已经离开 B. had left D. has been leaving

了。因此应用现在完成时,表示过去发生的事情对现在产生的影响, 故答案选 C。 24.—Could I use your car tomorrow morning? —Sure. I ________ a report at home. A. will be writing C. have written 答案 解析 A 考查动词时态。句意为:明天早上我可以用你的车吗?当 B. will have written D. have been writing

然可以。明天早上我将正在家里写一份报告。根据时间状语 tomorrow morning 和句意可知,答语中“写报告”表示将来某时正在发生的动 作,故用将来进行时。故选 A 项。题眼:本题时态选择的关键在于时 间状语 tomorrow morning,由此可知动作应发生在将来,所以“我写 报告”这个动作应该是在明天早上那个时候发生,表示将来某时正在 进行的动作,应用将来进行时。 25 . During the last three decades, the number of people
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participating in physical fitness programs ________ sharply. A. was increasing C. had increased 答案 解析 B 考查动词时态。句意为:在过去的三十年中,参加健身锻 B. has increased D. will be increasing

炼的人数剧增。根据题干中的时间状语“During the last three decades” 可知,increase 的动作从过去一直持续到现在,应用现在完成时,故答 案选 B。 26.The girl has a great interest in sport and ________ badminton classes twice a week over the last three years. A. took C. takes 答案 解析 D 考查动词时态。句意为:这个女孩对体育很感兴趣,而且 B. is taking D. has been taking

在过去的三年里她每个星期要上两次羽毛球课。根据 “over the last three years”可知,此处表示“上羽毛球课”。这个动作从过去开始一 直持续到现在,并且现在还在进行,所以应用现在完成进行时态。故 答案选 D。 27.—Can I call you back at two o'clock this afternoon? —I'm sorry, but by then I ________ to Beijing. How about five? A. fly C. will be flying 答案 解析 C 考查动词时态。根据问句中的“two o'clock”和应答句中的 B. will fly D. am flying

“by then”可知, 所选词表示的动作当时正在进行, 因此用将来进行时,
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故选 C。 28.—Did you catch what I said? —Sorry. I ________ a text message just now. A. had answered C. would answer 答案 解析 D 考查动词时态。根据语境可知,“我”没有听明白你的话, B. have answered D. was answering

是因为你说话的时候我正在发短信息,因此选用过去进行时。故正确 答案为 D。 29.They are living with their parents for the moment because their own house ________. A. is being rebuilt C. is rebuilt 答案 解析 A 考查动词时态。在该句中 house 作主语,与 rebuild 之间是 B. has been rebuilt D. has rebuilt

动宾关系,由此排除 D;由语境可知,他们和父母住在一起,是因为 自己的房子目前正在重建中。故选 A。 30. Our friendship ________ quickly over the weeks that followed. A. had developed C. would develop 答案 解析 D 考查动词时态。句意为:接下来的几周,我们的友谊发展 B. was developing D. developed

飞速。 根据时间状语“over the weeks that followed”中的 followed 可知, 此处表示发生在过去的动作,所以应用一般过去时。故答案选 D。 知识拓展:A 项为过去完成时,表示在过去某一时刻或某一阶段

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之前就已经完成或发生的动作;B 项为过去进行时,表示过去某一时 刻或某一阶段正在进行或发生的动作;C 项为过去将来时,表示过去 某一时刻或某一阶段即将发生的动作。 31.The president hopes that the people will be better off when he quits than when he ________. A. has started C. started 答案 解析 C 考查动词时态。句意为:这位总统希望人民在他离任时比 B. starts D. will start

他刚上任时更富裕。start 这一动作发生在过去,所以用一般过去时。 故选 C 项。 易错点:考生审题不清,容易根据“when he quits”而误选 B 项。 事实上,“quits”一词是用了一般现在时来代替一般将来时。 32.—When did the computer crash? —This morning, while I ________ the reading materials downloaded from some websites. A. have sorted C. am sorting 答案 解析 B 考查动词时态。句意为:电脑什么时候死机的?今天早晨, B. was sorting D. had sorted

那时我正在对从网上下载的阅读材料进行分类。根据语境可知, sort 这一动作当时还在进行,再根据时间状语“this morning”可知应使用过 去进行时,故选 B。 33.—What do you think of store shopping in the future? —Personally, I think it will exist along with home shopping but ________.
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A. will never replace B. would never replace C. will never be replaced D. would never be replaced 答案 解析 C 考查动词的时态和语态。根据对话语境可知,本题时态为

将来的某种时态,且 it(store shopping)和 replace 之间是被动关系,故 选 C 项。 34. In 1492, Columbus ________ on one of the Bahama Islands, but he mistook it for an island off India. A. lands C. has landed 答案 解析 B 考查时态。句意为:1492 年,哥伦布在巴哈马群岛登陆, B. landed D. had landed

但是他错把这当成是远离印度的一个岛屿。 此处陈述的是过去的事情, 故用一般过去时。即 B 项正确。 35.—I hear you ________ in a pub. What's it like? —Well, it's very hard work and I'm always tired, but I don't mind. A. are working C. were working 答案 解析 A 考查动词时态。此处询问现在的情况,所以应选择现在时。 B. will work D. will be working

如题干中的时态为过去时, 则应选择 C 项; 如题干中的时态为将来时, 则应选择 B、D 两项。句意为:我听说你在一家酒吧工作。怎么样?
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很辛苦,我总是很累,但我不在乎。 题眼:题干中 is/am/don't 为解题的关键。 36.Last month, the Japanese government expressed their thanks for the aid they ________ from China. A. receive C. have received 答案 解析 D 考查动词时态。根据语境可知, receive 这一动作发生在 B. are receiving D. had received

express 之前,且 express 用了过去时,由此可以判断出 receive 是表示 过去的过去,故用过去完成时。答案为 D。 37.In the last few years thousands of films ________ all over the world. A. have produced C. are producing 答案 解析 B 考查动词时态。句意为:近些年,全世界制作了成千上万 B. have been produced D. are being produced

部电影。根据时间状语“in the last few years”可知,应用现在完成时, 由于是 thousands of films 作主语,所以谓语动词使用被动语态。 38.Bob would have helped us yesterday, but he ________. A. was busy C. had been busy 答案 解析 A 考查时态。根据句意可知,Bob 昨天本来可以帮助我们, B. is busy D. will be busy

但是他当时太忙了。这里是指昨天太忙,所以应用一般过去时态。 易错点:本题考生容易认为后面的句子应该用虚拟语气而误选为

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C 项, 如果是另外一种说法就可以用过去完成时, 如 if he had not been busy。但是句中有 but,则下半句说的是事实。 39.Every year a flood of farmers arrive in Shenzhen for the moneymaking jobs they ________ before leaving their hometowns. A. promised C. have promised 答案 解析 D 考查时态。前面用 arrive 可知主体时态是现在时,后面的 B. were promised D. have been promised

许诺是在到达深圳之前就已发出的,所以要用现在完成时;又因为农 民工对老板们的许诺是被动接受的,所以用现在完成时的被动形式。 题眼:解答有关时态的题目时,要去寻找参照物,或者说是寻找 与其他动作的先后关系。 40.For many years, people ________ electric cars. making them has been more difficult than predicted. A. had dreamed of C. dreamed of 答案 解析 B 考查动词时态。根据 for many years 可知句子用现在完成 B. have dreamed of D. dream of However,

时。故答案选 B。 41.It is reported that many a new house ________ at present in the disaster area. A. are being built C. was being built 答案 解析 D 考查时态、语态辨析和主谓一致。主语 many a new house B. were being built D. is being built

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为单数,所以排除 A、B 项。短语 at present(now)与现在进行时连用。

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