阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将 该项涂黑。
【山东省青岛市 2014 高考英语一模】 A
Miss Benson was the kindest and sweetest person that ever walked the ea
rth. She was my second-grade teacher, and I was going to marry her when I grew up. I would sit in my seat for the entire morning. I wouldn’t miss one moment for her presence by leaving the room. My hand was always the first to be raised when Miss Benson called for volunteers to clean the blackboards or gather papers. I would arrange and rearrange the papers. They had to be in perfect order before I went back to my seat unwillingly. Early in the term, I started asking my mother to put an extra apple or peach in my lunch, but I never quite worked up the courage to hand my gift to her directly. Each day the delicacy （美味） found its way unobserved to the corner of her desk. And each day the response was the same. ''Why, how nice! '' She would pick up the offering and asked: ''What thoughtful little boy or girl brought me this? '' No one claimed the honor, least of all me. I kept my head down, looking at my desk. ''Can it be that I have a secret admirer? '' she added. I wou ld feel the red rising in my face. I was certain that everyone was looking at me, and I would sigh with relief when Miss Benson put the fruit away and started the lesson. Friday was Miss Benson's birthday. Everyone wanted to get her a present. I would give her something, openly. That afternoon was spent combing the fields for wild flowers. Not many were in bloom at that time of year, but finally I managed a patch of beautiful flowers... In the morning I went to the desk and gave the beautiful flowers to Miss Benson. She accepted them happily and held them to her cheek for a moment. My reward was a smile and a pat on the head. The next Monday, Miss Benson was not in class. About the middle of the morning, I was asked to go to the headmaster's office. When I arrived, I was surprised to see my mother. On a table were my beautiful flowers... In the end I was told that the flowers were poisonous.
41. What can we learn from the first paragraph? A. Miss Benson would marry the boy.
B. Miss Benson was the kindest in everyone’s eyes. C. The boy liked his teacher very much. D. The boy never left his seat in the morning. 42. From the second paragraph we know that ______. A. the boy was the only one who liked to work for the teacher B. the boy was eager to stay with his teacher C. the papers were not easy to arrange D. when the papers were in perfect order, the boy was glad to return to his seat 43. Which of the following is true? A. Sometimes the boy handed his gift to his teacher directly. B. Some classmates of the boy's noticed him put his gift on the corner of her desk. C. The boy was too shy to give his gift to his teacher. D. The teacher knew the boy was her secret admirer. 44. How did the boy get the flowers to Miss Benson? A. He bought the flowers from a flower shop. B. He planted the flowers by h imself. C. His mother got the flowers for him. D. He gathered the flowers in the field. 45. What might have happened to Miss Benson? A. She asked for leave to get marri ed. B. She got ill because of the flowers. C. She gave the flowers to the boy's mother. D. She was punished by the headmaster for patting the boy. 【参考答案】41-45 CBCDB
【山东省青岛市 2014 高考英语一模】B
My friends, as you know, my television career began unexpectedly. I was 16 years old in Nashville, Tennessee and I was in the Miss Fire Prevention contest. They had the requirement of having to have red hair in the final part until the year I entered the final. And to my joy the swimsuit competition was also cancelled. That year they were doing the question and answer period. ''Why, young lady, what would you like to be when you grow up? '' And by the time they got to me all the good answers were gone. I had seen Barbara Walters on the Today Show that morning so I answered: '' I would like to be a journalist. I would like to tell other people's stories in a way that makes a difference in their lives and the world. '' And as these words were coming out of my mouth, I went whoa! This is pretty good! I would like to be a journalist. I want to make a difference. Well I was on television by the time I was 19 years old. And in 1986 I launched my own television show with the determination to succeed at first. I was nervous about the competition and then I had no competitor but I still pushed myself as hard as I before. Eventually we did make it to the top and we stayed there for 25years. The Oprah Winfrey Show was number one for 21 years and I have to tell you I became pretty comfortable with that level of success. But a few years ago I decided that it was time to break new ground. So I ended the show and launched OWN, the Oprah Winfrey Network. But only one year later after launching OWN nearly every media said that my new attempt was a failure. Not just a failure but a big failure they called it. I can still remember the day I opened up USA Today and read the headline ''Oprah, not quite standing on her OWN. '' I mean really, USA Today? Now that's the nice newspaper! This time last year was really the worst period in my professional life. 46. From the first paragraph we can know that ______. A. she was sure of her television career at the very beginning B. the requirement of having to have red hair changed that year C. she was eager to enter the swimsuit competition D. she belonged to the first ones to answer the questions 47. How did she manage to make her television show to the top and stay there for 25 years? A. By answering the questions perfectly. B. By competing with others.
C. By working hard. D. Through television show. 48. The reason why she decided to end the television show and break new ground was that ______. A. she was too old for the job B . her television show was not so successful C. she felt too tired and needed a rest D. she wanted to try something new 49. From the last paragraph we know that ______. A. OWN was another kind of television show B. USA Today thought poorly of my OWN C. last year all the media considered my new attempt as a failure D. she lost all the hope to succeed 50. What kind of article does the passage belong to? A. A novel 【参考答案】46-50 BCDBD B. A diary C. A thriller D. A speech
Howling is a behaviour commonly observed among a wolf pack. As pack animals, wolves work together to hunt and rely on howling as an important means of communication among each other. There are different explanations of a wolf’s howl and it appears that there may be more to discover.
One theory is that wolves howl to bond better together. It’s almost as if howling together helps the pack stay together. Perhaps something similar to people feeling a sense of involvement with each other when singing a song together. But this theory may be wrong, explains Fred H. Harrington, a professor who studies wolf behaviour.
Indeed, there have been times when wolves have been seen one moment howling in a chorus, and the next, quarreling among each other. It appears that usually the lowest-ranking members of the
pack may actually be“punished” for joining in the chorus at times. So is howling a way to strengthen a social bond or just a way to reconfirm status among its members? —Why do wolves howl for sure?
What is clear, however, is that howling is often used among packmates to locate each other. Hunting grounds are distant and it happens that wolves may separate from one another at times. When this happens, howling appears to be an excellent means of gathering.
Howling, interestingly, is a contagious behaviour . When one wolf starts to howl, very likely others will follow. This is often seen to occur in the morning, as if wolves were doing some sort of “roll call” where wolves all howl together to report their presence.
1. What is the possible similarity between wolves’ howling together and humans’ singing in chorus?
A. The act of calling each other.
B. The sense of accomplishment.
C. The act of hunting for something.
D. The sense of belonging to a group.
2. Why does Harrington think the “social bond” theory may be wrong?
A. Wolves separate from each other after howling.
B. Wolves tend to protect their hunting grounds.
C. Wolves sometimes have quarrels after howling together.
D. Wolves of low rank are encouraged to join in the c horus.
3. Researchers are sure that wolves often howl to
A. show their ranks
B. find their companions
D. express their loneliness
4. “Howling. . . is a contagio us behaviour” (in the last paragraph)means
A. howling is a signal for hunting
B. howling is a way of communication
C. howling often occurs in the morning
D. howling spreads from one to another
The summer I was ten, my mother decided to bring us to the world of art. My brother and I were not very excited when we realized what my mother meant. What she meant was not that we could take drawing classes or painting classes but that we would have to spend one afternoon a week with her at the Fine Arts Museum. Before each visit to the museum, she made us read about artists and painting styles(风格). It was almost as bad as being in school. Who wants to spend the summer thinking about artists when you could be with your friends at the swimming pool?
First we had to read about ancient Egyptians(古埃及人) and their strange way of painting faces and then go to look at them at the museum. My 12-year-old brother thought this was so funny, but I was not interested. Later we had to learn about artists in the Middle Ages who painted people wearing strange long clothing. We had to look at pictures of fat babies with wings and curly (鬈曲的) hair and with no clothes on flying around the edges of paintings. I
certainly couldn't see what was so great about art. On our last visit to the museum, something happened when I saw a painting by a woman called Mary. In it, a woman was reading to a child. The colors were soft and gentle, and you could tell by the mother' s expression how happy she was just to be with the child. I couldn't stop looking at this painting ! I wanted to see every painting Mary had ever made! It was really worth looking at so many paintings to find a painter who could interest me so much. 68. The ai m of the mother' s plan was to _________. A. take them to visit the museum C. ask them to read about artists B. introduce them to the world of art D. show them different painting styles
69. What was the writer' s experience in the museum before the last visit? A. She came to feel her mother' s love. B. She liked many paintings. C. She hardly enjoyed herself. D. She could understand the pictures of fat babies. 70. What made the writer go through a change that summer? A. One of Mary's paintings. C. Artists in the Middle Ages. 71. From the text, we can see _________. A. the importance of curiosity C. the value of learning B. the effect of art D. the power of family education B. A strange way of painting. D. Her mother' s instruction.
2. 答案 68.B 69.C 70.A 71.B
2.（201*·重庆卷） Getting rid of dirt, in the opinion of most people, is a good thing. However, there is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt. In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease, as medical opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and
let ills in. A particular danger was thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king of England in 1546. Thus began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. Henry IV, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken a bath, the king ordered that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out. Though the belief in the merit of dirt was long-lived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond science since World War Ⅱ . Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea: clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far? Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays. Many first-time parents nervously try to warn their children off touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease.On the contrary, Mary Ruebush, an American immunologist(免疫学家)，encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system. And the latter position is gaining some ground. 64. The kings of France and England in the 16th century closed bath houses because A. they lived healthily in a dirty environment. B. they thought bath houses were too dirty to stay in C. they believed disease could be spread in public baths D. they considered bathing as the cause of skin disease 65.Which of the following best describes Henry IV’s attitude to bathing? A. Afraid. C. Approving. B. Curious. D. Uninterested. .
66. How does the passage mainly develop? A. By pr oviding examples.
B. By making comparisons. C. By following the order of time. D. By following the order of importance. 67. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage? A. To stress the role of dirt.
B. To introduce the history of dirt. C. To call attention to the danger of dirt. D. To present the change of views on dirt.