专项限时训练(二十七) [阅读理解之主旨大意和细节理解] (限时：25 分钟) 一、主旨大意 1． Joshua Bingham studied 4 years at the University of Paris and decided to leave his
graduation. He transferred to the University of
Berlin and graduated with honours. Harvard Law School and, later, Boston College provided him with an excellent legal background. He is presently a corporation lawyer in Miami, Florida. What is the main idea of the passage?
A．How Joshua Bingham became a lawyer. B．Bingham is a diligent student. C．Joshua Bingham received excellent education. D．A good lawyer needs good education. 2． Two friends have an argument that breaks up their friendship forever, even though
neither one can remember how the whole thing got started. Such sad events happen over and over in high schools across the country. In fact, according to an official report on youth violence, “In our country today, the greatest threat to the lives of children and adolescents is not disease or starvation or abandonment, but the terrible reality of violence.” Given that this is the case, why aren't students taught to manage conflicts the way they are taught to solve maths problems, drive cars, or stay physically fit? This article is mainly about________． A．the lives of school children B．the cause of arguments in schools C．how to analyse youth violence D．how to deal with school conflicts 3． Grownups are often surprised by how well they remember something they learned as
children but have never practised ever since. A man who has not had a chance to go swimming for years can still swim as well as ever when he gets back in the water. He can get on a bicycle after many years and still ride away. He can play with a ball as well as his son. A mother who has not thought about the words for years can teach her daughter the poem that begins “Twinkle, twinkle, little star” or remember the story of Cinderella or Goldilocks.
What is the main idea? A．People remember well what they learned in childhood. B．Children have a bette r memory than grownups. C．Poem reading is a good way to learn words. D．Stories for children are easy to remember. 4．
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One of the greatest contributions to the first Oxford English Dictionary was also one
of its most unusual. In 1879, Oxford University in England asked Pr ofessor James Murray to serve as an editor for what was to be the most ambitious dictionary in the history of the English language. It would include every English word possible and would give not only the definition but also the history of the word and quotations (引文)showing how it was used. This was a huge task. So Murray had to find volunteers from Britain, the United States, and the British colonies to search every newspaper, magazine, and book ever written in English. Hundreds of volunteers responded, including William Chester Minor. Dr Minor was an American surgeon who had served in the civil war and is now living in England. He gave his address as “Broadmoor, Crowthorne, Berks hire”， 50 miles from Oxford. Minor joined the army of volunteers sending words and quotations to Murray. Over the next years, he became one of the staff's most valued contributors. But he was also a mystery. In spite of many invitations, he would always decline to visit Oxford. So in 1897, Murray finally decided to travel to Crowthorne himself. When he arrived, he found Minor locked in a booklined cell at the Broadmoor Asylum for the criminally insane. Murray and Minor became friends, sharing their love of words. Minor continued contributing to the dictionary, sending in more than 10，000 submissions in 20 years. Murray continued to visit Minor regularly, sometimes taking walks with him around the asylum grounds. In 1910, Minor le ft Broadmoor for an asylum in his native America. Murray was at the port to wave goodbye to his remarkable friend. Minor died in 1920, seven years before the first edition of the Oxford English Dictionary was completed. The 12 volumes defined 414，825 words, and thousands of them were contributions from a very scholarly and devoted asylum patient. What does the text mainly talk about? A．The history of the English language.
B．The friendship between Murray and Minor. C．Minor and the first Oxford English Dictionary. D．Broadmoor Asylum and its patients. 二、细节理解 1．Below is a selection about Guinness(吉尼斯) World Records. Top 6 Unusual Guinness World Records · Fastest 100m running on all fours The 2008 Guinness World Records Day was, according to CWR, their biggest day of recordbreaking ever, with more than 290，000 people taking part in record attempts in 15 different countries. Kenichi Ito's record attempt was part of this special day. He is just another example of Ja panese with“super powers”. His “super power” is to run with great speed on all fours. Kenichi Ito ran 100 m on all fours in 18. 58 seconds. The Japanese set this record at Setagaya Kuritsu Sogo Undojyo, Tokyo, in 2008 . · Most people inside a soap bubble The Discovery Science Centre in Santa Ana, California celebrated the 15th anniversary of the Bubble (泡泡) Festival this year. A bubble's maths principles and science were presented and demonstrated at the threeweeklong exhibition. The intriguing Bubble Show was also part of the programme. Fan Yang and Deni Yang impressed the audience with their awesome skills for bubble making. The Yang family cooperated with the Discovery Science Centre to set a new Guinness World Record for most people inside a soap bubble and they succeeded. The family that has been working with soap bubbles for 27 years created a huge soap bubble and got 118 people inside it. The record was set on April 4, 2011. ·Longest ears on a dog A bloodhound (大警犬) from Illinois has the longest ears ever measured. The right ear is 13.75 inches long and the left one 13.5 inches. The dog named Tigger earned this title in 2004 and is owned by Christina and Bryan Flessner. Mr Jeffries is the previous record holder of this title. Each of his ears measured approximately 11.5 inches long. His grandfather used to hold this amazing world record, but when he died Mr Jeffries took over. ·Most living generations
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Did you ever wonder what is the Guinness World Record for most living generations in one family? Seven is the answer. The ultimate authority on record?breaking mentions on the website that the youngest great? great?great?great grandparent of this family was Augusta Bung “aged 109 years 97 days, followed by her daughter aged 89, her granddaughter aged 70, her great granddaughter aged 52, her greatgreat granddaughter aged 33 and her greatgreatgreat granddaughter aged 15 on the birth of her greatgreatgreatgreat grandson on January 21, 1989”． ·Most T?shirts worn at once Believe it or not, there is a record also for this category. Krunoslav Budiseli set a new world record on May 22, 2010 for wearing 245 Tshirts at the same time. The man from Croatia was officially recognized as the new record holder by Guinness World Records after he managed to put on 245 different Tshirts in less th an two hours. The Tshirts weighed 68 kg and Budiseli said he began struggling around Tshirt No.120. He dethroned(罢黜)the Swedish Guinness record holder who wore 238 Tshirts. ·Heaviest pumpkin(南瓜) Guinness World Records confirmed on October 9，2010 that a gigantic pumpkin grown in Wisconcin was officially the world's heaviest. It weighed 1，810 pounds 8 ounces and was unveiled by Chris Stevens at the Stillwater Harvest Festival in Minnesota. Stevens' pumpkin was 85 pounds heavier than the previous record, another huge pumpkin grown in Ohio. The proud farmer said his secret is a precise mixture of rain, cow waste, good soil, sea grass and fish emulsion. Some of the world's heaviest pumpkins, including the record holder, were on public display at the Bronx Botanical Gardens in New York for a dozen days. 1. Why is Kenichi Ito described as a man with a “super power”？ A．He set a good example to all Japanese. B．He made record attempts in 15 different countries.
C．He set a new record for “Fastest 100 m running on all fours”． D．He participated in the 2008 Guinness World Records Day activities. 2．Jeffries is the name of________． A．the owner of the dog with the longest ears B．the grandfather of the dog with the longest ears
C．the present holder of the record for “Longest ears on a dog” D．the former holder of the record for “Longest ears on a dog”
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3．How many T?shirts had Krunoslav Budiseli put on before he felt it difficult to go on? A．68. B．120. C．238. D．245. 4． According to the given information， which Guinness World Record was most recently set? A．The record for “Most people inside a soap bubble”． B．The record for “Most living generations”．
C．The record for “Most T?shirts worn at once”． D．The record for “Heaviest pumpkin”． 专项限时训练(二十七) 一、主旨大意 1．C 主旨大意题。全篇共四句，只陈述了四个细节 (detail)性的事实。读者只能将所
有的细节综合起来，进行逻辑推理，才能构成一个没有言明的主题思想(unstated main idea)。 由于文中主要涉及 Joshua Bingham 接受教育的情况， 即作者想告诉我们的是 Joshua Bingham 接受过良好的教育，所以答案是 C 。 2．D 主旨大意题。根据文中“Given that this is the case, why aren't students taught to manage conflicts the way they are taught to solve maths problems, drive cars, or stay physically fit？”和对全文的整体理解，可知 D 符合文意。 3．A 主旨大意题。根据文章的“Grownups are often surprised by how well they
remember something they learned as children but have never practised eve r since.”可知， 文章讲 的是成年人常常惊叹他们非常清晰地记着儿时学过的东西。C、D 断章取义，讲得太具体， B 项错误，因为那是过度学习的结果，不是儿时记忆力好。所以 A 正确。 4．C 主旨大意题。文章的关键词有两个：Minor 和 Oxford Englis h Dictionary，主要讲 述 Minor 的特别之处和他对 Oxford English Dictionary 的贡献，因此文章的大意应该把这两 个词都包括进去。 二、细节理解 【要点综述】 能够上吉尼斯纪录是多么了不起的事情！那我们就来了解一下六项最不 寻常的吉尼斯世界纪录吧，看看究竟有什么奇迹发生呢？ 1．C 细节理解题。根据第一部分的倒数第二、三句“His ‘super power’ is to run with
great speed on all fours.Kenichi Ito ran 100 m on all fours in 18.58 seconds.”可知 C 符合文意。 2．D 细节理解题。根据第三部分的标题“Longest ears on a dog”和第三部分第二段的开 头“Mr Jeffries is the previous record holder of this title.”可知 D 符合文意。 3． B 细节理解题。 根据第五部分的倒数第二句“The Tshirts weighed 68 kg and Budiseli said he began struggling around T?shirt No.120.”可知 B 符合文意。 4． A 细节理解题。 根据文章中讲述的六大吉尼斯世界纪录的时间提示， 可以得知 “The record was set on April 4, 2011.”是最新的时间，故 A 符合文意。
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