分词作宾语补足语在历届高考中出现频率很高,是各省市高考命题的一大热点,因此正确掌握分词在句中的用法十 分重要。要想顺利解决分词作宾语补足语的问题,就要掌握以下思路:分词具有名词、形容词和副词的特征,同时也 有动词的特征。 过去分词在时态上强调动作已经完成,在语态上侧重于被动;而现在分词在时态上强调动作正在进行, 在语态上侧重于主动。 一、概念 宾语补足语：在英语中，某些及物动词不
仅需要宾语，而且还要求某个词或词组来补充说明宾语，即表示 宾语代表的人或物所发出的动作或所处的状态，这个词或短语称为宾语补足语。有些语法书把宾语和补足语称为 复合宾语。 句型：及物动词+宾语（n./pron.）+ 宾语补足语（n./ adj./ adv./ to do/ -ing/ -ed/ 介词短语 共 7 种表示法） 可以用分词作主语或宾语补足语的动词 要会使用分词作补足语，必须记住哪些动词可以接分词充当补足语。 1. 感官动词 feel，hear，listen to，see，watch，notice，observe，look at（一感二听五看）及 find 等既可以接 现在分词又可以接过去分词充当补足语。如： I saw him ___________(change )the wheel of his car.我看见他在换汽车轮子。(意味着我看到了整个动作过程) I saw him ___________(change)the wheel of his car.我看见他换汽车轮子。(可能意味着我只看到动作过程的一部分) I saw the wheel of his car_________( change) by a boy just now.
I saw him__________ ( run) down the street. 我看见他沿着街跑。 I felt an ant_________ ( climb) over my leg. 我感到一只蚂蚁正在我的腿上爬。 Suddenly I noticed her__________( stand) outside. 突然我注意到她正站在外边。
When we went home, we found the door ______ (lock). We can hear the windows ___________(beat) by the heavy rain drops. They felt themselves _________(cheat). The American Chinese is amazed to find his hometown greatly _________(change). I could hear the girls _________(sing) in the classroom.我能听到女孩们在教室里唱歌。 I have never heard the song __________(sing) in my school. 我从未听过这首歌在我们学校唱过。 In the dream Peter saw himself __________ by a fierce wolf, and he woke suddenly with a start. (2006 上海卷) A. chased B. to be chased C. be chased D. having been chased After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother’s voice him. (2007 上海春) A. calling B. called C. being called D. to call He was seen _________( cross) the road.(整个过程)有人看见他穿过马路。 He was seen__________( cross) the road.(正在进行的动作)有人看见他在穿过马路。 The missing boys were last seen_________( play) near the river. 注意：_______________________________________________________ 2 ． 表 示 “ 致 使 ” 动 词 get ， have ， make 等 既 可 以 接 现 在 分 词 又 可 以 接 过 去 分 词 充 当 补 足 语 。 （keep / leave sb/sth doing） He managed to get the task________(finish) on time. 他设法按时完成了任务。 The director got her assistant __________some hot dogs for the meeting. (2008 全国 II 卷) A. picked up B. picks up C.to pick up D. picking up Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English ________in a short period. (2007 福建 卷) A. improved B. improving C. to improve . improve --Good morning. Can I help you? --I'd like to have the package__________(weigh), madam.（MET89） The director had her assistant __________some hot dogs for the meeting. (2008 全国 II 卷) A. picked up B. picks up C. pick up D. picking up My parents have always made me ________about myself, even when I was twelve.(2007 江苏卷)
A. feeling well B. feeling good C. feel well D. feel good They use computers to keep the traffic _________smoothly. (2009 全国 II 卷) A. being run B. run C. to run D. running
Sorry I kept you_____( wait) a long time. 对不起，让您久等了。 They shut the door and left leaving the fire________(burn). 他们关上门走开了，留下火在燃烧 have＋宾语＋宾语补足语。〔精练〕用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。 1．A computer does only what thinking people have it ＿＿＿＿(do)．
2．Who did you have＿＿＿＿(paint) the wall yesterday？ 3．The villagers are going to have a new bridge ＿＿＿＿＿(build) over the river． 4.We had the machine ＿＿＿＿＿(mend) just now. 5.He has had his hair ＿＿＿＿＿(cut). 6.The patient is going to have his temperature ＿＿＿＿＿(take). 7. .The boss often has them ＿＿＿＿＿(work) for 14 hours a day. 8..I’ll have someone ＿＿＿＿＿(repair) the bike for you. 9.Don’t forget to have Mr .Brown ＿＿＿＿＿(come) to our party 11.He feels it dangerous for a girl to be out late at night so he won't have his daughter＿＿home late A arrive B arrived C to arrive D arriving 12. He often has us ＿＿＿＿＿(do) many exercises after class. 13. Who had him＿＿＿＿＿( take) the book away? 14. I had my watch ＿＿＿＿＿(repair) last week. 15. They had their house ＿＿＿＿＿(burn) down. 16.She had her money ＿＿＿＿＿(steal) when she got on the bus. 17..I won't have you ＿＿＿＿＿(say) so. 18.Don’t have the dog＿＿＿＿＿( bark) much，Lilin. 李林，别让狗狂吠不停。 I’m leaving .Do you have anything ＿＿＿＿＿( say)? She is going to attend an important meeting ,but she has no clothes＿＿＿＿＿ (wear). The poor woman had a small room ＿＿＿＿＿(live in). We have a lot of money .Do you have anything＿＿＿＿＿( worry about)？ " Do you have any clothes ＿＿＿＿＿(wash)?,Sir" asked the maid(女仆). I can’t go swimming today, for I have so many clothes ＿＿＿＿＿(wash). 3 用在 order, want, wish, expect 等表示“希望、要求”的动词后面作宾补。如： 【考例点击】 She wants her mother _____(buy) a new shirt for her. She wants her paintings________ in the gallery, but we don’t think they would be very popular. (2007 上海春) A. display B. to display C. displaying D. displayed 【拓展】此类动词后跟 to do 和 done 作宾补。to do 表主动，done 表被动。 4 with 结构过去分词用在“with+宾语+宾补”这一结构
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. The farmers walked to the field with hoes on their shoulders. My father was sitting in a chair with his hands folded. The day was bright, with a fresh breeze blowing. Tom is working there with only a shirt on. We slept last night with the lights on. John left the room with the windows open. My brother rushed into the classroom, with sweat dripping. The artist is working with his hair tied back. The stranger is standing there with his eyes looking at me.
10. She stood there with his eyes fixed on me. 用所给词的正确形式填空 11.In parts of Asia you must not sit with your feet _____________(point) at another person. 12.He lay there with his eyes ___________(look) at the sky. 13.The students are listening to the teacher with their eyes ___________(fix) on the blackboard. 14.The thief was brought in with his hands___________（ tied） back. 15.With all these mouths__________（feed）, he didn’t know what to do. 16. With time ___________( go) by, we understand more and more. 17.The teacher came in _________________________________.（手里拿着一些教科书） 18.It is a beautiful village with a mountain____ it. A. surrounded B. surrounding C. having surrounded D. having been surrounded 19.with so much work________(do), he felt upset. 20. with a lot of problems_________( deal with), the new president has a hard time. 21.with all the problems_________( settle), the president felt at ease. 22. with so many friends________( care about) me , I feel very happy. 23.The thief was brought in, with his hands ________ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tired D. tied — Come on, please give me some ideas about the project. — Sorry. With so much work ________ my mind, I almost break down. (2007 福建卷) A. filled B. filling C. to fill D. being filled 高考练兵 1.I’ m going to have my car ____. A. to be fixed B. to fix C. fixed D. to fix 2. He had his leg ____ in the match yesterday. A. to break B. broken C. break D. breaking 3. The murderer was brought in, with his hands ____ behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 4. I found a car ____ in a pool by the side of the road. A. to be stuck B. stuck C. sticking D. stick 5. ——By the way, when did you get your bedroom ____? ——Last week. A. to paint B. painted C. painting D. to be painted 6. The children were found ____ in the cave. A. trapping B. trapped C. to be trapped D. be trapped 7. On a ____ morning the little girl was found ____ at the corner of the street. A. freezing; freezing B. freezing; frozen C. frozen; frozen D. frozen; freezing 8. Before he came to London, he had never heard a single English word ____. A. speaking B. spoken C. to be spoken D. speak 9. ____ from space, the earth, with water ____ seventy percent of its surface, looks like a blue ball. A. Seen; covered B. Seen; covering C. Seeing; covering D. Seeing; covered 10. I’m afraid that I can’t make myself ____ because of my poor English. A. understand B. understanding C. to understand D. understood 11. Mrs. Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had ____ went wrong again. A. it B. it repaired C. repaired D. to be repaired 12. It is wise to have some money ____ for old age. A. put away B. keep up C. give away D. laid up 13. I don’t want the children ____ out in such weather. A. take B. to take C. taken D. taking
14. Jane got her bad tooth ____ at the dentist’s. A. to put in B. pulled out C. pushed out D. drawing out 15. With a lot of difficulties ____, they went to the seashore and had a good rest. A. settled B. settling C. to settle D. being settled \ 1. I smell something ___________ in the kitchen. Can I call you back in a minute? （2007 全国 I） A. burning B. burnt C. being burnt D. to be burnt 2. After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother's voice ______ him. (2007 年上海卷) A. calling B. called C. being called D. to call 3. Jenny hopes that Mr. Smith will suggest a good way to have her written English _____ in a short period. （2007 年福建 卷）A. improved B. improving C. to improve D. improve 4. -- Did Peter fix the computer himself? -- He ______, because he doesn't know much about computers. (2007 安徽) A. has it fixed B. had fixed it C. had it fixed D. fixed it 5.The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ＿＿＿ the next year． A．carry out B．carrying out C．carried out D．to carry out 6. I fell down and broke three of my teeth. I wonder how many times I have to come here and get my false teeth _______. A. fix B. fixing C. fixed D. to fix 7. He looked around and caught a man ______ his hand into the pocket of a passenger. A. put B. to be putting C. to put D. putting 8. The visit _____ to Guilin is worth remembering for ever. A. paid B. paying C. to pay D. being paid 9. When I entered his office, I saw a gun ______ on the wall. A. fasten B. fastened C. fastening D. to fasten 10. When I got there, I found the farm tools _______. A. having repaired B. repaired C. repairing D. be repairing 11.You should understand the traffic rule by now. You've had it ___often enough. A. explaining B. to explain C. explain D. explained 12.----There is a hole in your bag? ----I know. I'm going to have it __________. A. mend B. mending C.mended D. to be mended