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Safety Management System 安全管理系统 Accident-proneness Model 事故倾向 模型 Accident Causation Model 事故致因 模型 Organizational / Safety Culture 组织 /安全文化 Quality and environmental management system 质量和环境管理系统 System Safety Engineering 系统安全工程 System Safety Program 系统安全规划 Hazard Analysis 危险源分析 Hazard Control 危险源控制 Hazard Identification 危险源辨识 Hazard Evaluation 危险源评估 The Ergonomics Process 人机工程过程 Chain of command 行政管理系统 Personal protective equipment(PPE)个人防护设备 Safety Inspection 安全检查 Hazard reporting system 危险源呈报系统 Occupational health and safety management system 职业健康安全管理体系 Rational orgnisation theory 理性组织理论

Planning and review/ accountability 计划与评审/职责 Industrial Hygiene 工业卫生 Physical Hazard 物理危险源 Biological Hazard 生物危险源 Ergonomic Hazard 人体工程学危险源 Chemical Hazard 化学危险源 Self-motivation 自我激励 Pavement Breaker 混凝土路面破碎机 Terrestrial Radiation 地面辐射 Accident Investigation 事故调查 Aground fault circuit interrupter 接地故障断路器 Artificial ventilation 人工呼吸 Cardio-pulmonary Resuscitation 心肺复苏法 Safety device 安全防护装置 Declaration of Conformity 符合性声明 Confined Spaces 狭小空间 Manufacturing Industry 制造业 Rock Falls 岩石冒落 Phase transition 相变 Coal field 煤田 Mine Fire 矿井火灾 Spontaneous combustion 自然发火

Old working 老采空区,老窑 Smoke Explosion 轰然

翻译 Translation
1. One comprehensive definition for an organizational culture has been presented by Schein who has that organizational culture is "a pattern of basic assumptions-invented, discovered, or developed by a given group as it learns to cope with its problems of external adaptation and internal integration--that has worked well enough to be considered valid and, therefore, to be taught to new members as the correct way to perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems". 对组织文化的一种全面的定义是由 Schein 提出的,他认为组织文化是“一种基 本假设的模型——由特定群体在研究处理外部适应与内部聚合问题的过程中发 明或发展出来的——由于运作效果好而被认可,并传授给组织新成员以作为理 解、思考和感受相关问题的正确方式。” 2. The safety culture of an organization is the product of individual and group values, attitudes, perceptions, competencies, and patterns of behavior that determine the

commitment to and the style and proficiency of, an organization's health and safety management. 组织的安全文化是个人和群体的价值观、 态度、 认识、 能力以及行为方式的产物, 这些因素决定着组织健康与安全管理的投入、形式和水平。 3. Furthermore, organizations with a positive safety culture are characterized by communications founded on mutual trust, by shared perceptions of the importance of safety, and by confidence in the efficacy of preventive measures. 另外,具有积极的安全文化的组织有以下特征:建立在相互信任基础上的交流, 对安全重要性的共识,对预防措施效能的信任。 4. Effective system safety programs also eliminate the schedule delays and costly changes that often result in systems that do not have adequate safety planning. 有效的系统安全规程还可以避免工作日程的延误和开销巨大的改造工作, 而这些 在一些没有充分的安全规划的系统中经常会发生。 5. Ergonomics process is a plan in which a facility gathers all relevant information on work organization, employee capabilities and limitations, and work-related MSDs, to develop solutions to better accommodate these employees and reduce

MSD rates and their associated costs. 人机工程过程是一种为了发展出使员工更好地适应工作并减少肌骨失常发生率 以及相应损失的解决办法, 由某个机构收集所有关于工作组织、员工的能力与局 限性、与工作有关的肌骨失常等的信息的计划。 6. The expected benefits of hazard identification are a decrease in the incidents of injuries, a decrease in lost workdays and absenteeism, a

decrease in workers' compensation costs, increased productivity, and better cooperation and communication. 危险源辨识的预期目标包括:降低伤害事故的发生、减少工时损失和旷工、降低 工人赔偿开支、提高生产力、增进合作与交流。 7. Industrial hygiene has been defined as "that science or art devoted to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of those environmental factors or stresses, arising in or from the workplace, which may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or signification discomfort and inefficiency among workers or among the citizens of the community". 工业卫生的定义为“用于预测、辨识、评价和控制工作场所中存在或出现的可能 导致疾病、 健康和福利受损或者工人或社区居民出现显著的不适感和低效率的环 境因素或压力源的科学或技术”。 8. Radiation is divided into two major categories, based its effect on living tissue:

1)non-ionizing, 2)ionizing radiation, Ionizing radiation has the ability to change or destroy the atomic(chemical) structure of cells, non-ionizing radiation does not. 基于辐射对活组织的作用,可以分为两大类:1)非电离辐射,2)电离辐射。 电 离辐射能够改变或者破坏细胞的原子结构,而非电离辐射则不能。 9. It is generally thought that a well- developed and business specific culture into which managers and employees are thoroughly socialized will lead to stronger organizational commitment, more efficient performance and generally higher productivity. 一般人们认为,在一个管理人员和员工被彻底社会化的完善的、专业的企业文化 中,能够产生更强的组织约束,更有效的性能和更高的生产力。 10. Goals are an integral part of the motivational process and tend to structure the environment in which motivation takes place. The environment in which we find ourselves is many times the springboard to the overall motivational process. 目标是激励过程的一个重要部分,有助于构建激励环境。很多时候,我们所处的 环境是整个激励过程的一个跳板。

11. A ground fault circuit interrupter ( GFCI) is an electrical device which protects personnel by detecting potentially hazardous ground faults and quickly disconnecting power from the circuit. 接地故障断路器是一种利用检测可能存在的有危险的接地故障并迅速切断电路 电源来保护工人的电气设备 12. How to reduce the risks Use the right equipment for the job 使用合适的设备 Make sure machinery is safe 确保机器安全 Guard dangerous parts of machines 保护机器的危险部位 Make sure machinery and equipment are maintained in safe condition 确 保机器设备得到维护,处于安全状态 Carry out maintenance work safety 安全地实施维护工作 13. Underground coal mines range from modern mines using the latest remote-controlled equipment operated by a small, highly skilled workforce benefiting from continuous monitoring of all aspects of workplace condition, to mines that are dug by hand and where the coal is extracted and transported by hand, often in conditions that are unsafe and unhealthy.

地下煤炭矿井包括从使用最新的遥控设备的现代矿井, 到手工挖掘的矿井,其中 现代化矿井中的这些设备都是由得益于对工作场所各个方面的持续监控而形成 的少量的高技术劳动力来操作,而在手工挖掘的矿井中,煤炭是通过手工开采和 运输的,通常处于一种不安全和不健康的环境中。 14. Fortunately, significant, sustained improvement in coal mining occupational safety and health have been achieved as a result of new technologies , massive capital investment, intensive and continuous training and changes in attitude to safety and health among those in all stages of the coal chain. 幸运的是,由于新技术的使用、大量的资金投入、集中持续的培训以及人们对煤 炭链的所有环节中的安全和健康问题的态度的转变, 煤炭开采的职业安全健康已 经取得的重大的持久的改善。


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