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必修三unit 4 测试题

必修 3 第 4 单元检测题 (总分 120 分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) (略) 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) ▲第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 21. You can only borrow two books from the library _______. A. in time A. Even if A. Dislike A. crash B. on time B. Now that B. Unlike B. dissolve C. at a time C. In case C. Along with C. pull D. protect D. in no time D. As though D. As to 22. ______ the kids have left home we’ve got a lot of extra space. 23. _____ his sister, Jack is quiet, and does not easily make friends. 24. Farmers use man-made chemicals to ______ their plants. 25. I’m taking these apples out of the bag to _____ the load I have to carry. A. lessen B. prevent C. solve D. limit 26. Don’t talk about such a thing in the _____ of young children. A. appearance A. violent A. biology A. What B. surface B. harmful B. gravity B. That C. existence C. extinct C. puzzle C. Which B. get the hang of D. get away with B. broke out C. broke down D. broke in D. presence 27. There are no dinosaurs any more. They have been _____ for a long time. D. gentle D. theory D. Why 28. No one has yet succeeded in solving the _____ of how life first began. 29. ____ makes this shop different is that it offers more personal service. 30. Press the button when the light goes on —you will soon ______ it. A. watch out for C. get rid of A. broke up two. A. pulled up B. cheered up C. blocked out D. prevented from 33. —Does he like tea or coffee? —Sorry. I don’t know ______ he prefers. A. which A. climate —_____ A. I’m afraid not. C. Please do. B. Have a good journey. D. Why not go now? B. that B. reaction C. how D. what D. vapor 34. The _____ over dinner was warm and friendly. C. atmosphere 35. —I’m afraid I have to leave for New York tomorrow.

31. She was late for the meeting because her car ______. 32. She was _____ by the news that she was likely to be out of hospital in a day or

▲第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 Last summer, my class and I were lucky to visit the German city of Nuernberg. It was a(n) 36 experience, because we had the chance to do special 37 , to live with the local people, and to see the sights in that beautiful city. The reasons we 38 there were to work and to improve our spoken 39 . We spent two weeks there, and each of us lived in different homes and had 40 work. I’ll tell you what I did! I 41 in a well-known travel agency that 42 people from all around the world and organized 43 in the south of Germany, different kinds of events, visits to festivals, and 44 for tourists and businessmen. I 45 the first week working in a(n) 46 including one Japanese, two Australians and four Americans. The most 47 thing that we experienced was traveling through 48 on the Danube(多瑙河) by 49 and visiting the beautiful cities and towns along the way. Besides being a guide, I had to 50 files in time, send faxes and 51 other services for clients(顾客). In the second week, I worked a lot on the computer and 52 out different little tasks. The people who worked with me were very 53 , and helped me explore different interests. My experience was great, 54 not everybody enjoyed it there. In any case, I 55 you arrange a similar experience for yourself. It’s the kind of experience that helps you get to know the world. 36. A. tiring 37. A. trips 38. A. left 39. A. German 41. A. taught 42. A. cared 43. A. trips 44. A. guides 45. A. missed 46. A. part 47. A. moving 48. A. Italy 49. A. ship 50. A. put up 51. A. prevent 52. A. brought 53. A. kind 54. A. but 55. A. think 第三部分 阅读理解 (共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A Stephen Hawking was born in Oxford, England, on January 8, 1942. At the age of 17, B. ordinary B. jobs B. flew B. Japanese B. studied B. accepted B. meetings B. charges B. wasted B. group B. amazing B. France B. bus B. multiply B. took B. strange B. and B. suggest C. painful C. holidays C. went C. English C. similar C. lived C. invited C. programs C. meals C. spent C. formation C. interesting C. Europe C. taxi C. provide C. carried C. familiar C. thus C. promise D. great D. courses D. sent D. French D. simple D. worked D. received D. dinners D. orders D. cost D. agency D. admiring D. England D. train C. apply for D. demand D. worked D. humorous D. when D. permit D. deal with

40. A. different B. same

B. watch out

he entered University College, Oxford. He wanted to study mathematics, but took up the study of physics when math was unavailable. He received a Ph.D. in physics despite being diagnosed (诊断) with Ameliotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (肌萎缩性脊髓侧索硬化症) while at Oxford in 1963. In 1985 he became ill with pneumonia ( 肺炎), and since then has required 24-hour nursing. Dr. Hawking’s determination, along with the help of his family and associates, has allowed him to continue to work. In 1970 he began studying black holes. His research led him to predict that black holes send out radiation in the X-ray to gamma-ray(伽马射线) range of the spectrum (光谱). In the 1980s he returned to an earlier interest, the origins of the universe. He has co-authored many publications, such as 300 Years of Gravity and The Large Scale Structure of Space time. Dr. Hawking has also written books such as A Brief History of Time, Black Holes and Baby Universes and other Essays, The Universe in a Nutshell and others. He continues to give lectures, despite having been unable to speak since 1985, with the aid of a speech synthesizer ( 合成器) and a portable computer. He currently holds Isaac Newton’s chair as the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University in England. 56. Hawking went to University College, Oxford, in order to _____. A. get a Ph.D. in physics C. study the universe and black holes D. seek help from the Lucasian Professor 57. Before Hawking started researching black holes, _____. A. he gave lectures with the help of a speech synthesizer B. he finished his book The Universe in a Nutshell C. he was made the Lucasian Professor of Mathematics D. he was diagnosed with Ameliotrophic Lateral Sclerosis 58. Which of the following books was NOT written by Dr. Hawking alone? A. 300YearsofGravity C. The Universe in a Nutshell D. Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays B My dream was coming true. My brother and I were in Orlando Florida to witness the space shuttle launch. It was scheduled for 10:14 am on a blue September day. I had seen this happen on television, but at that time I was seeing it with my own eyes and hearing it with my own ears. Seeing a live launch was unforgettable. It’s a great example of our control of nature. The shuttle is as high as a 15-story building, weighs 4.5 million pounds, and here NASA was trying to lift it 200 miles off the ground. We were part of a crowd watching the launch. The countdown(倒计时)began, and my heart seemed ready to come out of my chest. At the words "Lift off," I saw huge white clouds coming from the rocket, and through them I saw the fire-brilliant reds, oranges, and blinding yellows. The shuttle began to inch off the pad(垫子). It was so slow at first, but gradually it left the ground, picked up speed, and roared(吼叫)into the sky at over 17,000 mph. It was all over within two minutes. 59. The underlined word "witness" in the first paragraph probably means"_________". B. A Brief History of Time B. study mathematics

A. take a trip somewhere B. take part in an activity C. pay a visit to something D. be present and see something happening 60. From the passage we learn that the space shuttle _________. A. looks like a 15-story building B. weighs 4.5 million kilograms C. was lifted 200 miles off the ground D. inched its way into space 61. When the countdown began the author was ______. A. happy C I grew depressed (沮丧的), even as my husband Charlie’s career skyrocketed. He was a NASA astronaut. I was excited for him when he began training to go to the moon, and I involved (潜心于) myself with the flight as much as possible, but I was really looking forward to it being over. Inside I was hoping that once he got this goal behind him, he would put me first. But he didn’t. He still had that workaholic(工作狂) drive. He was still following a list of goals which I was still down near the bottom of. I considered breaking up but I wondered if any man could love me the way I wanted to be loved. Was there even such a thing as the perfect marriage? I didn’t wish it anymore. However, in his eyes, our marriage certainly hadn’t delivered any satisfaction, so within several years we were heading full-speed toward breaking up. I began to look for other things to satisfy me. I tried a career. I tried church work. I helped the needy. Nothing worked. I even tried drugs, but they didn’t work either. I thought, maybe there was no purpose in life. Didn’t that seem strange? I was married to a famous man, had a nice home and healthy children, plenty of money, yet I had no hope. I also discovered God, and I believed He wanted to change me. I found He wanted me to forgive Charlie, so I tried that, although I felt it was impossible. But over a two-month period, God freed me of my anger and helped me love Charlie unconditionally. 62. The underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 means ______. A. Charlie’s goals were differe nt from mine B. Charlie was after many goals in his life, but I was still the last one in his heart C. Charlie was always very busy with his work and paid no attention to me D. Charlie achieved many goals with my help 63. According to the passage, what can we infer from the marriage between Charlie and his wife? A. It was a mistake to marry Charlie. B. There is no such a thing as a perfect marriage. C. It was God that helped them love each other again. D. Their marriage was saved because of the wife’s forgiveness. B. excited C. curious D. anxious

64. Which of the following sayings is closest to the message this passage expresses? A. "Like father, like son." B. "One reaps what one sows." C. "True love never grows old." D. "A hedge between keeps love green." 65. What’s the author’s attitude towards her marriage in the end? A. Positive. B. Puzzling. C. Negative. D. Indifferent.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 25 分) ▲第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) Compared with radios, TVs are much useful. Because the programs and the news are more live on the TV. Will you think radios are disappearing? No, they are still with us. What’s more, a number of listeners is increasing. Do you know why? One reason for this is the invention about the transistor. A transistor radio can be very small. It is very easy to carry with. What’s most important that radio broadcasts are better for blind people. Many old people don’t have good eye sights, either. They can’t watch TV, and they can listen to music or news over the radio. Besides, a radio is cheaper than a TV set. ▲第二节 书面表达(满分 15 分) 假如你叫李华,非常喜欢航天知识,中国首次月球探测器"嫦娥一号"顺利升空的消息使你兴 奋不已,你决定发一封 email 告诉你的加拿大笔友 John 这一消息,并在信中谈谈自己的想法和打 算。 注意:1. 信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数; 2. 参考词汇:probe 探测器; 3. 词数 100 左右。Dear John, I’m very pleased to tell you that China’s first moon probe "Chang’e -1"was launched last October. ___________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________ I’m looking forward to receiving your email. Yours truly, Li Hua 阅读附加题 Many people think only old ladies enjoy knitting( 编 织 ). They imagine their white-haired grandmothers creating sweaters and scarves( 围巾)in their rocking chairs. It seems that young adults would rather go out and buy sweaters than make them. People also think that their grandmothers have more time to knit, and that there is simply less time to take up this old-fashioned pastime today. 66. ______ 67. ______ 68. ______ 69. ______ 70. ______ 71. ______ 72. ______ 73. ______ 74. ______ 75. ______

But these days, in fact, the lost art of knitting has turned into one of the hottest hobbies in the USA. Television and movie stars like Julia Roberts, along with millions of average Americans, are taking it up. In addition to making the traditional scarves and sweaters, they are making trendy gloves, hats, and pocketbooks. Everyone from famous fashion designers to my teenage sister Eva finds knitting to be a satisfying creative outlet (出路) , a way to make personalized gifts, and a fun thing to do while watching television. "You lose track of time, and then you realize, 'I’ve been knitting for two hours,’"says fifteen-year-old Eva, with a laugh. All My Children soap opera star Rebecca Budig has helped to popularize knitting. She came onto the talk show The View to give a knitting lesson. She says, "Knitting is a great hobby for all ages. It helps people make use of their creativity to make personalized gifts for themselves, their friends, and their family. Knitting gives you a sense of achievement, and even helps you save money. No matter how full your schedule is, you can still find time to knit! " 1. What would be the best title for the passage? A. Knitting: A New Trend B. How to Master Knitting C. Knitting and Famous Stars D. TV Programs About Knitting 2. What do we learn from Eva’s words? A. Knitting wastes time. B. Knitting is tiring. C. Knitting is fun. D. Knitting is more interesting than watching TV. 3. We can infer from the passage that ___________. A. grandmothers are trend-setters B. old-fashioned pastimes are what teenagers prefer C. knitting lessons will probably become popular on TV D. knitting is a good way to exhibit one’s creative power 4. What do we learn from the passage? A. Knitting is popular only with girls or women. B. The View’s hosts made knitting popular. C. All My Children is a TV show about knitting. D. Rebecca Budig taught TV audiences how to knit.

参考答案 21-25 CBBDA 36-40 DBCAA 51-55 CCAAB 短文改错 66. much→more 或在 much 后加 more 71. about→of Dear John, I’m very pleased to tell you that China’s first moon probe "Chang’e -1"was launched last October. Have you ever heard of "Chang’e"? She is the moon goddess of Chinese legend. The Chinese people have long cherished the dream of flying to the moon. Like every other Chinese, I am proud of my motherland and its growing power. You know, I am very fond of space science. I have made up my mind to go to university to study astronomy after I finish high school. I will devote what I’ve learned to advancing space science in my country. I think you will certainly be interested in this launch. If you want more information about it, I’ll give it to you next time. I’m looking forward to receiving your email. Yours truly, Li Hua 阅读附加题 1-4 ACDD 72. 去掉 with 书面表达(One possible version) 67. live→lively 68. Will→Do 69. a→the 70. √ 74. eyesights→eyesight 75. and→but 73. that 前加 is 26-30 DCCAB 41-45 DDAAC 56-60 BDADC 31-35 CBACB 46-50 BCCAD 61-65 BBDCA

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