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高中英语必修五


Unit5 Great scientists

cholera

Black hole

radium

John Snow Isaac Newton gravity)

Stephen Hawking Hybrid rice Albert Einstein The Theory of Relativity

Madame Curie Jane Goodall

chimps

Thinking:
What personality and quality will be needed as a scientist?

intelligent, modest, patient, creative , hard-working, unselfish, determined, persistent, generous, confident , brave , co-operative, positive, pleasant, polite, energetic, etc.

About Copernicus
?

Do you know what is the center of the solar system? Can you name the eight planets in the solar system?

?

火星 Mars
金星 Venus 土星 Saturn 地球 水星 Mercury Earth 木星 天王星 Jupiter Uranus

Copernicus

He was one of the first scientists to use mathematical observations to collect information. He believed the sun is the center of the universe and the earth and other planets goes around it.

Mind map of the text
Paragraph 1: the background of Copernicus’ study Paragraph 2: the cause of Copernicus’ study Paragraph 3: the procedure of Copernicus’ study Paragraph 4: the result of Copernicus’ study

Paragraph 5: Copernicus’ theory replaced the Christian idea and proved correct.

Questions:

1.What’s Copernicus’ fear?

2.How did Copernicus prove his theory?
3.What is his theory?

1.What’s Copernicus’ fear?
He feared that the powerful Christian Church would have punished him for even suggesting such an idea.

2.How did Copernicus prove his theory?
He had thought long and hard about these problems and tried to find an answer. He had observations of the stars and used all his mathematical knowledge to explain them.

3.What is his theory?
The sun is the centre of the solar system with the planets going round it and only the moon still going round the earth.

Read through the passage, and tell whether the following statements are true or false.
1. At Copernicus’ time, Christian Church was in charge of many western countries. T

2. Copernicus noticed that observed from the earth, some planets appears in front of or behind the earth. F 3. Copernicus didn’t show his new theory to his friends until he completed it. T 4. His friends were not interested in his ideas. F

5. Since he was not afraid of being attacked by the Church, Copernicus published his book as soon as he finished working on it. F 6. Newton, Einstein, and Hawking are all scientists who made contribution

to the study of the universe. T

lead to + n\ doing
?

The discovery of new evidence led to _____. A. the thief having caught B. catch the thief C. the thief being caught D. the thief to be caught

Only + 状语在句首,主句要部分倒装

1. Only when ____ the truth, ______ to realize that she was wrong. A. did Mary hear; did she begin B. Mary hear; she began C. did Mary hear;she began D. Mary heard; did she begin

Translation: 1. Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense. 只有 Only if the teacher gives a permission can I enter the lab. Only when finishing his homework was he allowed to go out for football.

If only he comes early. 如果……就好了

Make sense
? 1.make sense 讲得通,言之有理
? 2.Sense doesn\'t make sense in radio. ? 在无线电广播方面,道理也不成其为道理了。 ? 3.Does that seem to make sense? 那讲得通吗? ? 4.It doesn\'t make sense. 这没有意义。 ? 5.Do you think it make sense? 你看这行得通吗

? Can you make sense of what this American is saying? 你听得懂这个美国人在说些什么吗 ? Arise: ? arise from bed or rise to one's feet. 起床起床或起立 ? Tell our comrades to keep calm when problems arise. 告诉同志们,遇事要沉着。

Work on
1 work on 继续工作 ? They'll work on till sunset. 他们将继续工作, 直到日落。 2 致力于… ? He has been working on a new novel for over a year now. 近一年多来, 他一直在写一部新小说。

Copernicus was______ confusedbecause he found the system earth was not the centre of the solar _____, movements only if you put the sun there did the_______ of the other planets in the sky_________ make sense . He kept improving his new theory until he felt it wascompleted _____ in 1514. He Suggested that the spinning earth was_____ as it went round the sun.His enthusiastic Friends were______ and encouraged him to publish his ideas, but Copernicus was_______h cautious attacked didn’t want to be______ by Christian Church. In fact,he was right.The Church______ rejected his theory,saying it was against God’s idea.

Fill in the blanks with some proper words

Discussion
As a scientist, one should be brave. But Copernicus was afraid of being attacked by the Christian Church.So he’d hidden his theory for nearly 30 years. What do you think of this?
I agree (with you). I support you. I don’t agree with you . I don’t think so.

Writing:

Write a short letter asking Copernicus to publish his ideas so everyone can read them.



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