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Unit Three Attitude Towards Life


Unit Three

Attitude Towards Life

Objectives: 1. Talk about different attitudes towards life 2. Read to learn how to lead a positive life 3. Learn to make proper choice i

n one’s life 4. Learn to write a career plan

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Leading-in Task 1 Animals’ Philosophy of Life :Study the following pictures. Then work in pairs to figure out the attitude toward life each picture conveys.

1) _ 4) ___

2) _

3) _

5) ___ ___ 8) ___

6) ___

7)

a. be highly confident in yourself b. be brave and courageous enough c. learn to get along well with people from all walks of life d. learn to forgive others
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e. be young at your heart f. be happy to cooperate with others g. keep alive your sense of humor h. have lofty aspirations Task2 A Quiz: How Optimistic Are You?

Complete this quiz to assess your personal reaction to the following situations. Usually Sometimes Seldom ∨

1) I am in control of my life. 2) My destiny is in my own hands. 3) I set goals for myself. 4) I am at my ideal weight. 5) I have a positive mental attitude. 6) I greet each new day with anticipation. 7) I see the negatives but choose positives. 8) I don?t worry about yesterday. 9) I don?t get angry with those close to me. 10) I am not afraid of what others might say.
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11) Every day I welcome new challenges. 12) I see positive solutions in difficult situations . 13) I can see myself achieving the things I want. 14) I learn by my mistakes. 15) I laugh with people, not at them. 16) I know what I can change and what I cannot. 17) I recognize that I have special talents and abilities. 18) I appreciate my friends and tell them of their value. 19) I smile when I meet someone. 20) I am happy and make others happy.

Now add up your score: 2 points for each “usually”, 1 point for each “sometimes” and 0 point for “seldom”. If your score is above 30, you are definitely an optimist. You may repeat this quiz in one month for comparison. Task 3 Group Discussion

Are you optimistic enough? Actually removing barriers in your mind is part of developing positive attitudes
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toward life. Work in groups to list the things that a) you worry about; b) you are angry at. Discuss with your partners how you can get rid of these bad feelings. I?m worried about

______________________________________________ _______ I?m afraid that

______________________________________________ __________ I?m anxious

______________________________________________ ____________ I?m fearful that

______________________________________________ _________ I?m really angry at

______________________________________________ ______ Intensive Reading
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Your Mind Is a Garden Some time ago, Sofan and I were visiting some friends in the country. We were staying a beautiful little guest cabin, surrounded by fruit trees, flowers and even a few goats. Painted above the doorway in brightly colored, flowing letters were the words1: Your mind is a garden. Your thoughts are the seeds. You can grow flowers or You can grow weeds... Little did we know about it at the time, but this little poem was to have a profound effect both on our thought patterns as well as our artworks2. It started almost as a kind of game. We decided to make a real effort to watch our thoughts and see exactly what it was that we were planting in our own “Mind Gardens”3. It was difficult at first, but gradually, we began to pay more and more attention to what thoughts
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were repeatedly flashing across our minds. How disturbing it was to discover that many of these “seeds” were extremely negative thoughts destined to grow patches of thorny thistles and stinging nettles in our daily lives! We gradually came to see how so many of the problems and difficulties we were encountering in our lives had their beginnings in the seeds of doubt, fear and anxiety that we were continually4 planting in our minds. It does take effort, but like anything else it gets easier with practice, and the amazing thing is, as we became more and more aware of these negative thoughts we are able to say: “No! I will NOT plant this weed in the Garden of my Mind.” I will consciously choose to plant something better. The results are truly spectacular. When you start to consciously cultivate your own mind garden, you will truly be amazed at the changes which begin to happen in your life. Obstacles disappear, barriers fall away, and
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things that you once thought were either impossible or very far away will suddenly come into view. Any garden is an ongoing process. It?s not enough to just plant a single seed of happiness and then forget about it. Your frail little seedling would soon be choked by weeds. It is necessary to continuously4 pull out and to throw away those weeds of fear, doubt and anxiety as soon as they appear. Love, happiness and tranquility are all contagious. People who are continuously planting these seeds in their own minds are also planting them in other people?s. Remember, Your mind is a garden. Your are the seeds. You can grow flowers or You can grow weeds...
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thoughts

So ask yourself, what are you going to grow in the glorious garden of your mind? May your life be filled with love, happiness and inspiration.

New words and expressions cabin ['k?bin] n. 船舱, 木屋 surround [s?'raund] vt. 包围, 环绕 n. doorway ['d?:wei] n. 门口 profound [pr?'faund] adj. 深奥的, 深邃的, 意义深远的 artwork ['ɑ:tw?:k] n. 艺术品, 美术品, (总称)插图 flash [fl??] v. 闪烁, 闪光, 闪现, 掠过 n. 闪光, 闪现, 闪烁 disturbing [di'st?:bi?] adj. 烦扰的, 担心的, 令人不安 的 negative ['neg?tiv] adj. 否定的, 负的, 消极的 destined ['destind] adj. 命中注定的, 去往 ... 的 patch [p?t?] n. 补丁, 小片 thorny ['θ?:ni] adj. 多刺的, 棘手的, 痛苦的 thistle ['θisl] n. [植]蓟
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stinging ['sti?i?] adj. 刺人的, 刺一般的, 激烈的 nettle ['netl] n. 荨麻

encounter [in'kaunt?] n. 意外的相见, 遭遇 v. 遇到, 偶 然碰到, 遭遇 anxiety [??'zai?ti] n. 焦虑, 担心, 渴望 adv. 不断地, 频繁地

continually [k?n'tinju?li]

amazing[?'meizi?] adj. 令人惊异的 consciously ['k?n??sli] adv. 有意识地, 自觉地 spectacular [spek't?kjul?] adj. 壮 观 的 , 令 人 惊 叹 的 n. 惊人之举, cultivate ['k?ltiveit] vt. 耕作, 栽培, 培养, 结交(朋友) obstacle ['?bst?kl] n. 障碍, 绊脚石 barrier ['b?ri?] n. 界线, 屏障, 栅栏, 障碍物 ongoing ['?n.g?ui?] adj. 前进的, 进行的 frail [freil] adj. 脆弱的, 虚弱的 seedling ['si:dli?] n. 幼苗 choke [t??uk] vi. 窒息, 阻塞 n. 窒息, 阻风门开关,

阻塞 continuously [k?n'tinju?sli] adv. 不断地, 连续地
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tranquility [tr??'kwiliti] n. 宁静, 平静, 稳定 contagious [k?n'teid??s] adj. 传染性的, 会蔓延的, 会 传播的 glorious ['gl?:ri?s] adj. 光荣的, 辉煌的 inspiration [.insp?'rei??n] n. 灵感, 吸入, 鼓舞人心(的 东西) make efforts/an effort be destined to take effort 努力,竭尽所能

注定要 费力 发觉, 注意到/知道, 意识到

become/be aware of be amazed at fall away

对 ... 感到惊异

疏远, 背离, 消失, 逐渐减少 出现, 看到

come into view pull out Notes

拔,从车站开出,撤离

1 . Painted above the doorway in brightly colored, flowing letters were the words… 本句为全部倒装句, 表地点方位的介词短语位于句首, 与主语 the words 互换位置,目的为紧密承接下文。此
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句可译为:屋门上几行漆字,颜色鲜亮,字体流畅。 写的是…… 2.…but this little poem was to have a profound effect both on our thought patterns as well as our artworks. 句中谓语部分实则为过去将来时 was (going) to,这句 话意为:但后来它却给我们的思维模式与艺术作品带 来了深远的影响。 3. …what it was that we were planting in our own “Mind Gardens”. 此句为强调句型,被强调部分为 what,强调句型的基 本结构为 It is (was) +被强调部分+ that (who) + 句子 其他部分。 It is my mother who/that cooks every day. It was not until I had read your letter that I understood the true state of affairs. 4.比较 continually 和 continuously:前者常修饰在一 段时间内多次重复的动作,尤指令人不愉快的动作, 后者描述连续而不中断的事物或事件。

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I?m tired of the way he continually complains about everything.他老是对什么都抱怨,我都烦了。 The plane landed after flying continuously for 16 hours. 飞机在连续飞行 了十六小时后着陆。 5. 此句为情态动词 may 表祝愿语气的特殊用法, 基本 句式为“May+主语+动词原形”。 May you succeed.祝你成功。 May you both be always happy. 祝你们俩永远幸福。 May all your dreams come true. 祝你心想事成。

Task 1

Comprehension of the text

1. Decide whether the following statements are true or false. Write “T” for true and “F” for false in the space provided. ____1. At first sight of the little poem the author was greatly touched and affected. ____2. It was not so difficult to find out what we were planting in our mind gardens.

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____3. The author used to plant many negative “seeds” in his garden. ____4. The negative “seeds” we plant in our gardens stem from the problems and difficulties we met in our lives. ____5. We can remove negative thoughts by consciously choosing to plant something positive in our minds. ____6. Positive thoughts can help people conquer obstacles and achieve success. ____7. Once you pull out those weeds of fear, doubt and anxiety, they will never grow in your mind garden. ____8. You need to continuously cultivate your mind gardens in case new weeds appear. 2. Answer the following questions. 1. Where did the author pick up this little poem? ______________________________________________ _______________________ 2. What does “thorny thistles and stinging nettles” stand for?
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______________________________________________ _______________________ 3. Why did we encounter many problems and difficulties in our lives according to the author? ______________________________________________ _______________________ 4. What would happen if we plant the seeds of love, happiness and tranquility in our minds? ______________________________________________ _______________________ 5. What does the sentence “Any garden is an ongoing process” imply? ______________________________________________ _______________________ 6. How can we grow flowers in our mind gardens? ______________________________________________ _______________________ 3. Work in groups to complete the following tasks. 1. Group the following words into two types:
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enthusiasm fear dream anxious complain Positive: worried

courage confidence

nervous

love

smile enjoy abandon ambition

dejected disappoint

stress persistence anger

wise

______________________________________________ _______________ Negative: ______________________________________________ _____________ 2. What seeds do you often plant in your mind garden? Are they positive or negative? 3. After reading the passage, you must be determined to cultivate your own mind garden carefully. What are you going to grow in the garden of your mind? Tell your partner about your plan. Task 2 Vocabulary 1. From the list of terms, find the one equivalent to those given in Chinese in the table below.

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A------ positive attitude attitude B------official attitude attitude C------ optimistic attitude attitude D------ hands-off attitude attitude E------- cover-up attitude attitude F------- business-like attitude attitude G------ self-centered attitude self-approving attitude H------ uncertain attitude forward-looking attitude

I------ scientific

J------ negative

K------ passive

L------ political

M------ determined

N------ wait-and-see

O------

P-------

Example: (A ) 肯定的态度 ( F ) 讲究实际的态度
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1 (

) 官方的态度





政治态度 2 ( ) 暧昧的态度 ( )

以自我为中心的态度 3 ( ) 自以为是的态度 ( )

坚决的态度 4 ( ) 不干涉的态度 ( )

消极的态度 5 ( ) 向前看的态度 ( )

掩饰的态度

2. Complete each of the following sentences with the proper form of the words given in the table. profound disturbing encounter surround cultivate barrier amazing frail conscious anxiety 1) They succeeded in ______________ fine breeds of silkworms. 2) I _______________ many difficulties when I first started this job. 3) One of the easiest and quickest ways to get ahead is by _____________ building up your knowledge of words.
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4) Her health has been ____________ for months. 5) She was sitting on the floor ____________ by books. 6) He had some ____________ experience which always made him sleepless at night. 7) The Sahara Desert is a natural ____________ between north and central Africa. 8) We waited for news with a growing sense of _____________. 9) The teacher had both extensive knowledge and ____________ scholarship. 10) It was _____________ that he knew nothing about the event. Task 3 Structure

Use the structure shown in the models to rewrite the following sentences. Model 1: The words were painted above the doorway in brightly colored, flowing letters. → Painted above the doorway in brightly colored, flowing letters were the words. 1) His friend Jim was among these people. ______________________________________________ _______________________ 2) A network of pipes exists beneath the streets of a modern city.

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______________________________________________ _______________________ 3) A pretty girl was waiting for someone at the next table. ______________________________________________ _______________________ Model 2: We knew little about it at the time.

→ Little did we know about it at the time. 4) This topic has never failed to fascinate people. ______________________________________________ _______________________ 5 ) He said nothing before he left. ______________________________________________ _______________________ 6) Smoking is permitted in the meeting room at no time. ______________________________________________ _______________________ Task 4 Translation

1.请尽力按时到达那里。(make an effort)
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2. 有你们的帮助, 不要费多大力气问题就可以解决了。 (take effort) 3.约翰已意识到自己做错了事情。(be aware of) 4.她脸上露出吃惊的表情,这实在叫人感到诧异。 (amazed, amazing) 5.我们登上山顶,辽阔的平原尽收眼底。(come into view) 6.你所说或所做的每一件事都会对别人产生影响。 (have an effect on) Extensive Reading Life Is All About Choices Michael is the kind of guy you love to hate. He is always in a good mood and always has something positive to say. When someone would ask him how he was doing, he would reply, "If I were any better, I?d be twins!”1 He was a natural motivator2. If an employee was having a bad day, Michael was there telling the employee how to look on the positive side of the situation. Seeing this style really made me curious, so one day I went up to Michael and asked him, "I don' t get it. You can?t be positive all the time. How do you do it?"
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Michael replied, "Each morning I wake up and say to myself 'Mike, you have two choices today. You can choose to be in a good mood or you can choose to be in a bad mood.' I choose to be in a good mood. Each time something bad happens, I can choose to be a victim or choose to learn from it. I choose to learn from it. Every time someone comes to me complaining, I can choose to accept their complaining or I can point out the positive side of life. I choose the positive side of life." "Yeah, right. It isn't that easy." I protested. "Yes it is," Michael said. "Life is all about choices. When you cut away all the junk, every situation is a choice. You choose how you react to situations. You choose how people will affect your mood. You choose to be in a good mood or bad mood. The bottom line3 is: It's your choice how you live life." I reflected on what Michael said. Soon thereafter, I left the big enterprise that I had worked in for years to start my own business. We lost
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touch, but I often thought about him when I made a choice about life. Several years later, I heard Michael was involved in a serious accident, falling off 60 feet from a communications tower. After l8 hours of surgery, and weeks of intensive care, Michael was released from the hospital with rods placed in his back. I saw Michael about six months after the accident. When I asked him how he was, he replied, "If I were any better, I?d be twins. Wanna4 see my scars?" I declined to see his wounds, but did ask him what had gone through his mind as the accident took place. "The first thing that went through my mind was the well-being of my soon-to-born5 daughter," Michael replied. "Then, as I lay on the ground, remembered I had two choices: I could choose to live or I could choose to die. I chose to live." "Weren?t you scared? Did you lose consciousness?" I asked. Michael continued, "... the paramedics were great. They kept telling me I was going
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to be fine. But when they wheeled me into the operation room and I saw the expressions on the faces of the doctors and nurses, I got really scared. In their eyes, l read 'He's a dead man.' I knew I needed to take action." "What did you do?" I asked. "Well, there was a big burly nurse shouting questions at me,” said Michael. "She asked me if I was allergic to anything. ?Yes,? I said. The doctors and nurses stopped working as they waited for my reply. I took a deep breath and yelled", ?Gravity.?” Over their laughter, I told them, 'I'm choosing to live. Operate on me as if I am alive, not dead'." Michael lived, thanks to the skill of his doctors, but also because of his amazing attitude. I 1earned from him that every day we have a choice to live fully. Attitude is everything. New words and expressions positive ['p?zitiv] adj. 肯定的, 积极的 motivator ['m?utiveit?] victim ['viktim] n. 激发因素, 动因

n. 受害者, 牺牲
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protest [pr?'test] 申明 junk [d???k] reflect [ri'flekt]

n. 抗议, 反对, 声明 v. 抗议, 反对,

n. 垃圾, 废旧杂物 vt. 丢弃 v. 反映, 反射, 沉思, 思考, 反省 adv. 其后, 从那时以后 n. 企业, 事业, 谋划, 进取心

thereafter [? ??'?ft?] enterprise ['ent?praiz] surgery ['s?:d??ri] intensive [in'tensiv] 强调的 release [ri'li:s] 准予发表, 发射 rod [r?d] scar [sk ɑ :] 痊愈 decline [di'klain] 微,下降 well-being ['wel'bi:i?]

n. 外科, 外科手术 adj. 强烈的 , 密集的 , 精细的 ,

n. 释放, 让渡, 发行 vt. 释放, 让与,

n. 杆, 棒, 棍棒 n. 疤痕 , 伤痕 , v. 结疤 , 使 ... 有伤痕 ,

v. 谢绝;减少,下降,衰退 n. 衰

n. 康乐, 安宁, 福利

scared [sk??d] adj. 害怕的

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consciousness ['k?n??snis] 悟

n. 意识, 知觉, 自觉, 觉

paramedic [.p?r?'medik] n. 护理人员 wheel [wi:l] vi. 旋转, 转动 vt. 用车运, 推 n. 轮 子 burly ['b?:li] adj. 结实的, 粗壮的 allergic [?'l?:d?ik] yell [jel] adj. 过敏的, 反感的

v. 大叫 n. 大喊 n. 重力, 严重, 庄重, 严肃

gravity ['gr?viti] look on

看作, 认为是...(后接 as) 情绪高昂/情绪不好

be in a good/bad mood react to 对 ... 起反应

be involved in 涉及到, 与 ... 有关联 go through thanks to Notes 1. “If I were any better, I?d be twins!” is a humorous expression, meaning “I couldn?t be better”. 经历, 检查, 浏览 由于, 归功于

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2. This sentence means “Michael was born to be a person who often had some positive influence on others”. 3. Here “bottom line” means “the decisive point”, in Chinese“底线,首要之事”. 4. 这里 wanna 仅能用于口语,相当于“want to”或者 “want a” , e.g. He said he was sick, but I think he just do not wanna (want to) join us anymore. 5. 句中 soon-to-born 为用连字符构成的形容词性的合 成词, 意为 “即将出世的” , 类似的合成词有: a first-rate teacher “一位一流的教师”, up-to-standard products “符 合标准的产品”, a wait-and-see policy “一种观望政策”, a never-to-be-forgotten novel “一部令人难忘的小说”。 Task 5 After reading the passage, you are required to

complete the statements that follow. 1. What kind of person Michael is? He is the kind of person who is always

_________________________. 2. How did Michael manage to be optimistic all the time?

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By

choosing

to

react

to

all

situations

_________________. 3. What came to Michael?s mind first when the accident happened? He first thought of his ________________________. 4. Judging from the expressions on the faces of the doctors and the nurses, how was Michael injured? He was _______________ injured. 5. Why could Michael survive the accident? Because of the skills of his doctors and

______________________________. Task 6 Choose the best answer for each item.

1. What is true about Michael according to the passage? A. He is the kind of person many people hate. B. He wishes to have a twin brother. C. Nothing bad ever happens in his life. D. He never fails to be positive. 2. What will Michael do when something bad happens? A. He will accept this situation in a good mood.
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B. He will come to others to complain about it. C. He will try to learn a lesson from this misfortune. D. He will point out the positive side. 3. When Michael fell off 60 feet from a tower, ___________________. A. he immediately thought of his newly-born daughter B. he reminded himself to make the right choice C. he was so scared that he lost consciousness D. he was lucky enough to be still fine 4. By answering “Gravity” Michael was trying to ___________________. A. make the doctors and nurses happy B. show the doctors and nurses he was still alive C. relax the tense atmosphere D. express his determination to survive the operation 5. According to the passage, what is the most important factor to make your life fulfilling and satisfactory? A. Your mood. attitude.
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B. Your

C. Your faith. achievement. Task 7

D. Your

Complete the following sentences with an

appropriate word derived from or related to the one in brackets. 1. His behavior (reflection) 2. After my examination I had a feeling of (release) 3. There is little to hard at school. (motivator) 4. He wasn?t (consciousness) 5. The old lady wants to spend her by the sea. (decline) 6. The number of people in (employ) 7. Children tend to against their parents has fallen. years of having offended her. these kids to work . his lazy attitude to work.

by going against their wishes. (reaction)
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8. If you make a noise you?ll animals. (scared) 9. She was deeply death. (effect)

off the

by the news of his

10. His amusing performance caused a roar of in the audience. (laugh) Additional Reading Facing the Enemies Within We are not born with courage, but neither are we born with fear1. Maybe some of our fears are brought on by your own experiences, by what someone has told you, by what you?ve read in the papers. Some fears are valid, like

walking alone in a bad part of town at two o?clock in the morning. But once you learn to avoid that situation, you won?t need to live in fear of it. Fears, even the most basic ones, can totally destroy our ambitions. Fear can destroy fortunes. Fear can
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destroy relationships. Fear, if left unchecked, can destroy our lives. Fear is one of the many enemies lurking inside us. Let me tell you about five of the other enemies we face from within. The first enemy that you?ve got to destroy before it destroys you is indifference. What a tragic disease this is! “Ho-hum, let it slide. I?ll just drift along.” Here?s one problem with drifting: you can?t drift your way to the top of the mountain2. The second enemy we face is indecision. Indecision is the thief of opportunity and enterprise. It will steal your chances for a better future. Take a sword to this enemy. The third enemy inside is doubt. Sure, there?s room3 for healthy skepticism. You can?t believe everything. But you also can?t let doubt take over. Many people doubt the past, doubt the future, doubt each other, doubt the government, doubt the possibilities and doubt the opportunities. Worst of all, they doubt themselves.
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I?m telling you, doubt will destroy your life and your chances of success. It will empty both your bank account and your heart. Doubt is an enemy. Go after it. Get rid of it. The fourth enemy within is worry. We?ve all got to worry some. Just don?t let it conquer you. Instead, let it alarm you. Worry can be useful. If you step off the curb in New York City and a taxi is coming, you?ve got to worry. But you can?t let worry loose like a mad dog that drives you into a small corner. Here?s what you?ve got to do with your worries: drive them into a small corner. Whatever is out to get you, you?ve got to get it. Whatever is pushing on you, you?ve got to push back. The fifth interior enemy is overcaution. It is the timid approach to life. Timidity is not a virtue; it?s an illness. If you let it go, it?ll conquer you. Timid people don?t get promoted. They don?t advance and grow and become powerful in the marketplace. You?ve got to avoid overcaution.
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Do battle with the enemy. Do battle with your fears. Build your courage to fight what?s holding you back, what?s keeping you from your goals and dreams. Be courageous in your life and in your pursuit of the things you want and the person you want to become4.

New words and expressions valid ['v?lid] adj. 有效的, 有根据的, 正当的, 合法 的 ambition [?m'bi??n] n. 雄心, 野心, 抱负, 精力

unchecked ['?n't?ekt] adj. 未加抑制的, 未经检验的 lurk [l?:k] n. 潜伏, 潜行 v. 潜藏, 潜伏, 埋伏

indifference [in'dif?r?ns] n. 不重视, 无兴趣, 漠不关 心 tragic ['tr?d?ik] slide [slaid] adj. 悲剧的, 悲惨的

vi. 滑, 滑动, vt. 使滑 n. 幻灯片, 滑动, 滑 坡,

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雪 崩 drift [drift] vi. 漂流, 漂移, n. 漂流, 漂流物, 漂泊, 趋 势 indecision [.indi'si??n] n. 下不了决心, 拿不定主意 n. 怀疑论, 怀疑态度, 怀疑

skepticism ['skeptisiz?m] 主义 conquer ['k??k?] alarm [?'l ɑ :m] 恐 curb [k?:b] 束缚 interior [in'ti?ri?] 部, 内在 overcaution ['?uv?'k?:??n]

vt. 征服, 战胜, 克服 vi. 得胜 n. 警报, 警告, 惊恐 vt. 警告 , 使惊

n. 抑制 , 勒马绳, 边石 , 路缘 vt. 抑制,

adj. 内部的, 内地的, 国内的 n. 内

n. 过于小心

timid ['timid] adj. 胆怯的, 害羞的 timidity [ti'miditi] virtue ['v?:tju:] n. 胆小, 胆怯, 羞怯

n. 美德, 德行, 优点
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pursuit [p?'sju:t] bring on in fear of take over worst of all

n. 追求, 追赶

引起, 使发展, 使出现, 提出 为 ... 提心吊胆 接管, 接收, 取得主导地位 最糟糕的是 逼入困境

drive into a corner battle with hold back

与 ... 战斗 阻碍, 退缩, 隐藏, 克制

in pursuit of 追求, 寻求 Notes 1. neither 意思为“也不”,用于句首,用来引起一个 主谓倒装句,即主语放在助动词、情态动词之后 (neither /nor +连系动词/助动词/情态动+主语) , 表示 前句的否定内容也适用于后一句的人或物。 e.g. He hardly knows about the law. Neither do his parents. I wasn't in the long jump. Neither were they. I wasn?t invited to the party. Neither did I care about it.

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2. “drifting” means “随波逐流”. The whole sentence means “if you are indifferent to everything, you will have no chance of becoming successful.” 3. room 有两层含义,一为“房间”,是可数名词;二表 示人或物体所占的“空间或场所”、处事的“余地”等意 思,是不可数名词,可用 little,much,no,plenty 等 词修饰。 可构成 make room for 给......让出地方; take up room 占地方;leave room for 留出空间给......等短语。 E.g. There is room in improvement in your work.你在工 作上还有上升空间。 4.此句可译为:要勇敢地生活,勇敢地追求你想要的 事物并勇敢地成为你想成为的人。 Task 8 Complete the following outline by filling in

one word in each blank. Fear is one of the many enemies 1)

inside us. Some fears are valid, but we should learn to 2) these situations; otherwise, fears will destroy our

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ambitions, 3) 5) within along; 7)

, 4)

and even our

. Five of the other enemies we face from are: indifference , the attitude of 6)

, which will steal your 8)

for a better future; doubt, which will destroy your life and your chances of 9) you should not let conquer ; worry, which you but 10)

you; overcaution, the 11) approach to life. If you let it conquer you,

you will not have the chance of getting 12) and becoming powerful in the marketplace. To battle with these enemies, you need to build your 13) to fight what?s 14) you

back, and what?s 15) and dreams. Career Field

you from your goals

How to Make a Career Planning

38

Career planning is a lifelong process. Your plan starts with one or more goals. These are short statements that tell what you want to fulfill(实现).They will change from time to time. Your goal should be specific (具体) enough to clearly tell what you are going to achieve and how you are going to get there. First of all, you have to learn about yourself. Secondly, write your career goals down. Thirdly, review your plans and progress. After a period of time, summarize your harvest and what you have learned from your research. Sample As a new comer enters the society, I have to plan the rest of life, especially for the career life.

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In the near future, approximately (大约) 2 years, I will practice what I learned at college on the working. I will develop such skills as communication skill, management art, and cooperation with my team members. I need to work hard not only for my employer but also for myself to make a living. Gradually, I?ll try hard to learn to do business which was my dream when I was a child. So I will do my best to make the dream come true. On the other hand, I?ll work hard to be a manager of a division so that I can lead the team of mine, thus I can improve my management.

Notes
职业规划即对未来的工作 方向和岗位进行描述和设定。 职业规划制定者需要对自身所 学的知识,兴趣爱好,接受的 教育程度,已有的工作经历, 以及对你实现目标的其它要素 做出分析;然后明确合理的职 业目标,设定完成目标的具体 日期;并且把今后要接受的技能培训和进修项目也考 虑在内,拓展交际和领导才能,以便更好的实现所制 定的目标。 具体可以包含:
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1. What are your career development goals? 职业发 展目标是什么? 2. What steps will you have to take to reach your career goals? 实现职业发展目标采取哪些方法? 3. Start and end dates for each step. 每一个目标的完 成期限。 4. What will you need to learn - knowledge and skills you will need to have in order to perform each step of your development plan? What learning method will you use to increase knowledge or skills? 为了取得成功,需 要努力学习和提高的知识与技能是哪些?将采用什么 样的方法? 5. How will you financially support your plan? 资金 保障如何? 6. Who will be your partners in your career development plan? 寻求怎样的合作伙伴对自身发展 有利? Task Make your own career plan for the future. 职业规划要求包括你的现状,你的梦想,你的优 势,你所具备的条件,以及你努力的方向和完成的时 间点。 Grammar in use 代 词 代词是用来指代人或事物的词。代词可分为下列 九类:人称代词、物主代词、反身代词、相互代词、 指示代词、疑问代词、关系代词、连接代词、不定代 词。 1. 人称代词 有性、数、格、和人称的变化。 格指主格和宾格。单独使用的人称代词通常用宾格, 即使它代表主语时也是如此。 如: I like English. -Me too.

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2.物主代词 分为名词性物主代词和形容词性 物主代词。形容词性物主代词只能作定语,如:My brother often does his homework in his room. 名词性物主代词则可以在句中充当主语、宾语、 表语。它的意义= 形容词性物主代词+名词;或者说 它相当于名词。 如:His dictionary is English-Chinese, but mine is English-English. 3.反身代词 在句子中可作宾语:当它作动词 宾语时,动作的执行者与承受者往往是同一个人或同 一件事物; 当它作介词 by 的宾语时, 则表示强调。 如: The prisoner killed himself by taking poison. 犯人 服毒自杀了。 He finished the work by himself. 他独自完成了那 件工作。 反身代词在句子中也可作同位语,用来加强名词或代 词的语气,强调某人亲自、本人;这时它可能在名词、 代词之后,也可能在句子末尾。 如:The students will clean the classroom themselves. 学生们将自己打扫教室。 I myself heard him say it . 我亲耳听他说的。 4. 相互代词 只有 each other ,one another,在 句中通常只作宾语。如:Students should help one another. 5.指示代词 主要有四个,this , that , these , those , .使用时注意以下几点: 1)为避免重复,可用 that 和 those 代替前面提到 的名词。 如:Our grain output is now five times that of 2008. 2)用来指上文提到的事情时, 可用 this 或 that,但 若要指下文叙述的事情时,通常要用 this。如:I want to know this: Is she beautiful?

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3)打电话时,通常用 this 指自己,用 that 指对方。 如:Hello. This is Jim. Is that Tom? 6.疑问代词 主要有 what, when, who, where, whose, which,etc. 在句中作主语、宾语、表语、定语 等。注意 what 和 which 的用法区别:当选择的范围较 明确时,用 which;当选择的范围不明确时,用 what。 如:Which color do you like, red, black or white? What color is Your car? 7.不定代词 凡不是用来指明代替任何特定 名词的代词叫不定代词。 1) both , either 和 neither 这三个词都可以用来指两个人或两件事物,但各 自的意义都不相同:both 表示"两个都"、either 表示" 两个中的任何一个"、 neither 表示"两者都不……" 。 它们在句中都分别可以作主语、宾语和定语,both 还 可以作同位语。当 either,neither 作主语时,谓语动词 用单数。如:Neither answer is right. 2) all 在谈到两个以上的人或事物时,或是不可数的事 物时,我们都可以用 all ;它在句中可以充当主语、 宾语、定语和同位语。另外,all 指不可数的事物时还 可以作表语;有时还可作副词用。 如: This is all he knew about it. (作表语) They were all covered with dust. (作副词) Her clothes were all wet.(作副词) all 还可以用在一些词组中,如:all day (整天) all night (整夜) all this(所有这些) all the year round (整年) all day long (一天到晚) all the time (一直) 。 3) each 和 every each 和 every 这两个词在中文里都有"每一个"的 意思,但它们在句子里各自强调的侧重点却不同: every 指三者或三者以上的“每一个”;而 each 指两

43

者或两者以上的“每一个” 。every 只能作定语;each 则可以作主语、宾语、定语和同位语。 另外, every 可用于[ every other (或 every +数词 ) + 名词 ]的结构中,表示"每隔……"之意思:every other day 每隔一天; every three years 每隔三年; every third year 每隔三年; every other line 每隔一 行; every ten miles 每隔十哩 4) one 作不定代词时有复数形式 ones ,代替前面刚提 到的人或事物以避免重复,还可以有自己的定语或冠 词;另外还可以用来泛指人,如: This problem is a difficult one. 这个问题是个不好 解决的问题。 I don't like colored envelopes. I like white ones. 我 不喜欢花信封我喜欢白的。 This film is not as good as the one we saw last week .这片子没有我们上周看的好。 5)some 与 any some 与 any 都相当于"一些"之意,但意思并不 强,因此汉译时常可省去"一些"这样的字眼。它们作 定语时多,这时候 some 多用于肯定句,any 多用于否 定句、疑问句或条件句。在表示请求、建议、反问或 是希望得到肯定回答的疑问句中,常用 some 而不用 any 。另外,some 可与数词连用,表示"大约"的意思。 如:Could you mind buying me some envelopes on your way to school? Will you give me some paper? 请给我一点 纸。 The bridge was built some two hundred years ago. 这座桥大约建于两百年前。 6)many,much, (a) few ; ( a) little 的用法 many, (a) few 后接可数名词;much,( a) little 后 接不可数名词。 其中 few 和 little 表示数量很少或几乎

44

没有,含否定意义;而 a few 和 a little 表示数量虽少 但毕竟还有,含肯定意义。 7)no one 与 none , 这两个词都表示否定意义:no one 只能指人不用 于指物,其后不能接 of 短语,作主语时,谓语动词用 单数。 而 none 则相当于名词, 可独立在句中充当成分, 也可与介词短语 of?连用,表示在某一范围内"任何一 个也不"。既可指人也可指物,作主语时,若指不可数 名词,谓语动词用单数;若指复数名词,则谓语动词 可用单数(较正式)也可用复述(非正式文体)。如: None of the films is/are worth seeing. 8) 复合不定代词 常用的合成不定代词有以下几组: something, somebody, someone; anything, anybody, anyone;everything,everybody,everyone; nothing, no one,nobody 使用复合不定代词时应注意下面几点: A) 当它们用作主语时应看作单数。 B) 它们不能作定语。 C) 如果它们带有修饰语, 修饰语只能放在它们的 后面。 代词专项训练 1. —Your coffee smells great! —It's from Mexico. Would you like ? A. it B. some C. this D. little 2. —I'm sorry I'm calling you so late. —___okay. A. This is B. You're C. That's D. I'm 3. Equipped with modern facilities, today's libraries differ greatly from . A. those of the past B. the past C. which of the past D. these past 4. —Who broke the glass? —I supposemust be one of the children. A. the one B. he C. it D. who
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5. She hasn't brought pen with her. Will you lend her . A. hers; your B. her; your C. hers; yours D. her; yours 6. —I've forgotten my bread. —Never mind. You can have . A. some of us B. some of ours C. some ours D. some us 7. ___ I don't think these jackets are John's and Tom's. must be in the next room. A. Theirs B. They C. Their D. Ours 8. __________I don't think possible to master a foreign language without much memory work. A. this B. that C. its D. it 9. ______________ Everybody is doing best for the four modernizations. A. their B. our C. one's D. your 10. __________ The remark of is quite correct. A. myself B. him C. her D. yours 11. _________ In our class given an English name by the teacher. A. we each was B. each of us has C. each we have D. we each were 12. ___________________ You should do all your homework . A. by oneself B. by yourself C. at your own D. by you 13. If your children would like some fish, do help . A. yourself B. yourselves C. themselves D. itself 14. I'm afraid I'm not fit for the job, for it is calling for much patience. A. that B. what C. one D. which 15. —Is your camera like Bill's and Ann's? —No, but it's almost the same as .
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A. her D. their

B. yours

C. them

Culture Salon ********************** *********** Quotes on Positive Attitude ********************** *********** Read the following quotes on positive attitude and work in groups to tell each other what positive attitudes mean to you. Make a collection of quotes concerning positive attitude to make your life highly motivated. ? A positive thought is the seed of a positive result. ? If you don?t like something, change it. If you can?t change it, change your attitude. Don?t complain. ? If you really want to be happy, nobody can stop you. ? Whether a glass is half-full or half-empty depends on the attitude of the person looking at it. ? Sooner or later, those who win are those who think they can. ? Our life is a reflection of our attitudes. ? Attitude, not aptitude, determines your altitude. ? The positive thinker sees the invisible, feels the intangible, and achieves the impossible. ? Forgive others and you will be forgiven. ? The man with confidence in himself gains the confidence of others. ? The biggest mistake of all is to avoid situations in which you might make a mistake. …

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