重庆市南开中学高 2018 级高一（上）期末考试 英语试题
本试卷分第一卷（选择题）和第二卷（非选择题）两部分。共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
一、听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的
时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the man probably concerned about ? A. Getting stuck in the traffic . B. How to get to the stadium . C. Getting to their seats on time . 2. What happened when the man parked on the street ? A. His car was stolen . B. He got a ticket . C. Someone crashed into his car . 3. Why did the woman sleep so late ? A. She fell sick last night . B. She had to finish her homework . C. She was watching TV very late . 4. What will the man do tomorrow afternoon ? A. Play a basketball game . B. Watch a basketball game . C. Go to the dentist . 5. What will the man do on Saturday ? A. Stay at home . B. Go somewhere with Mary .
C. Take the woman’s place at work . 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各 个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟； 听完后， 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。 每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. What does the man think of the girl’s question ? A. It isn’t important . B. It needn’t to be answered . C. It’s difficult to answer . 7. What does the man say about the ocean and the sky ? A. They have a sort of connection . B. They look exactly the same . C. They have nothing to do with each other . 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. In how many different ways did the man contact the woman ? A. Two . B. Three . C. Four .
9. What happened five minutes ago ? A. The woman turned on her phone . B. The man left a message for the woman . C. The woman got back from lunch . 10. What does the woman imply about her interview ? A. It was the first one . B. It went pretty well . C. She didn’t get the job . 听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. How many grapes were in the bunch ? A. 20. B. 30. C. 50.
12. According to the woman , why do Japanese people like perfect fruit ? A. They like to eat it for breakfast .
B. They turn it into drinks . C. They like to give it as a gift . 13. What does the woman think of the grapes ? A. It is not wise to buy them . B. They are worth buying . C. She’d go on a trip to Japan for them . 听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 17 题。 14. Where will the film be made ? A. In the speakers’ neighborhood . B. In another part of the city . C. In a nearby city . 15. What does the man want to do ? A. Call the movie director . B. Write a letter to the mayor . C. Watch the movie being made . 16. What happened last time a movie was made ? A. The man had to move out for a while . B. The man’s guests couldn’t find hotel rooms . C. The man had to replan his meeting . 17. How does the woman feel about the film shooting ? A. It will cost the city a lot of money . B. It will take a long time to make . C. It will be good for the local economy . 听第 10 段材料，回答第 18 至 20 题。 18. What is this talk mainly about ? A. The way the pyramids were built . B. The history of the pyramids . C. Ways to protect the pyramids . 19. How were the workers paid ? A. With gold and clothing .
B. With jewels and food . C. With food , clothes , and housing . 20. Why did guards need to live near the pyramids ? A. To prevent tourists from damaging them . B. To make sure the builders were busy . C. To stop people from stealing things inside . 二、英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答案题卡上将 该选项的标号涂黑。 21. When you finish reading the book , you will have __________ better understanding of __________ life . A. a , the B. the , a C. / , the D. a , /
22. We would rather our daughter __________ at home with us , but it is her choice , and she is not a child any longer . A. would stay B. has stayed C. stayed D. stay
23. Helping others is a habit , __________ you can learn even at an early age . A. it B. that C. what D. one
24. By 5:30p.m. , __________ it was almost closing time , nearly all the tickets concert had been sold . A. which B. that C. what D. when
25. – Don’t worry , Mum . The doctor said it was only the flu . -- __________ ! I’ll tell Dad there’s nothing serious . A. What a relief C. How surprising B. Congratulations D. I’m so sorry
26. Shortly after suffering from a massive earthquake and __________ to ruins , the city took on a new look . A. reducing B. reduced C. being reduced D. having reduced
27. How long do you think it will be __________ another e-commerce giant comes out to exceed （超越）Alibaba ?
28. __________ I admit that all these problems are difficult , I don’t agree that they can’t be solved . A. Unless B. While C. Until D. Since
29. ― I’d like to give my thanks to those __________ help my son was able to survive this terrible disease , ‖ said the woman on TV . A. with whose B. whose C. who D. with whom
30. It’s our hope that we will play a greater role in the market place and , __________ , supply more jobs . A. however B. anywhere C. there fore D. otherwise
31. Every year a flood of farmers arrive in Shenzhen for the money—making jobs they __________ before leaving their hometowns . A. promised B. were promised C. have promised D. have been promised
32. Back from his two-year medical service in Africa , Dr. Lee was very happy to see his mother __________ good care of at home . A. taking B. taken C. take D. be taken
33. It was not what Tom said but what he wrote in the letter __________ touched his mother . A. what B. which C. that D. who
34. She runs about 15 miles every day , __________ the weather is like . A. whichever B. however C. whenever D. whatever
35. – May I ask for a day off tomorrow ? -- __________ . You know , the Spring Festival is just around the corner and every salesgirl is as busy as a bee . A. It’s out of the question C. None of my business B. No problem D. I don’t care
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36~55 各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选 出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 War started in our house in late July with a month to go before my first day of college . It was
a famous nursing school , and I wanted to go to a small writing college . Every night for two weeks , we argued , shouted and gave regrets . It was mostly my 38 . Since my junior year of high school , I had 40 39 at being a 37 treatments until both sides went to bed with
nurse . I took all the science courses , and even worked as a My 41 Yet ,
in my town’s local hospital .
was to help the sick and be superwoman to the world . 42 graduation and college neared , it all changed . Treating the sick was 44 43 ,
but not what I was meant to do for the making rounds , and taking I wanted . 45
of my life . I could picture myself in hospitals , 46
, but I couldn’t picture myself happy . It wasn’t the
Then , I realized I had been creating and writing stories for as long as I could loved it , and writing was what I had been doing as a it had to be . 48
. It was going to be my career . And
On August 1st , Mom and I sat down at the dinner table and I told her that she had every 49 to choose where to spend her money , just like I had every right to decide where I wanted to 50 any of my college education , then I would take
go to school . If it was her choice not to
a year off to work and earn money so I could go to the college I wanted . Standing by my decision to be a writer had were at 52 51 my firm belief to my mom . Finally we 53 the world to me .
, and she decided to support me , which 54
Before that time , I had never stood up
my parents on any major decision . 55 and complete adult . I am now
Choosing which college to attend allowed me to become a
finished with my first semester as a Professional Writing major and I cannot wait to see what comes next . 36. A. forces 37. A. medical 38. A. impression 39. A. wondered 40. A. student 41. A. goal B. energies B. warm B. duty B. aimed B. volunteer B. job C. wills C. mental C. fault C. pointed C. graduate C. task D. powers D. silent D. distraction D. looked D. doctor D. post
42. A. before 43. A. rough 44. A. rest 45. A. notices 46. A. future 47. A. see 48. A. process 49. A. chance 50. A. finance 51. A. doubted 52. A. peace 53. A. adapted 54. A. for 55. A. realistic
B. after B. noble B. part B. examinations B. effect B. wait B. hobby B. time B. expect B. followed B. war B. composed B. against B. traditional
C. until C. mild C. whole C. temperatures C. drill C. find C. rule C. right C. raise C. shaken C. ease C. devoted C. over C. separate
D. as D. tough D. half D. drugs D. idea D. remember D. business D. ability D. offer D. proven D. play D. meant D. by D. dependent
第三节 阅读理解（共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A My newlywed husband gave me butterfly kisses and said the same thing every morning , ― You’re beautiful today .‖ One glance in the mirror revealed that it was far from the truth . A skinny girl with mashed hair on one side of her head and no makeup smiled back at me . ― Liar . ‖ I shouted back with a smile . It was my usual response . My mother’s first husband was not a kind man and the harsh words we heard growing up took root . I had trouble seeing myself as someone of value . I had been married two years when I surprised myself . My husband wrapped his arms around me and told me I was beautiful . ― Thank you . ‖ I said . The same thin girl with the mousy brown hair still stared back at me in the mirror , but somehow the words had finally blossomed in my heart .
A lot of years have passed . My husband has grey in his hair . I’m no long skinny . Last week I woke up and my husband’s face was inches from mine . ― What are you doing ? ‖ I asked . I covered my mouth , trying to hide my morning breath . He reached down and kissed my face . ― What I do every morning . ‖ He said . What a man ! My husband understands my past . He’s been beside me as I’ve grown from an unsure young girl to a confident woman , mother , speaker and author . But I’m not sure that he understands the part he played in that transition . The words I heard growing up pierced my soul , yet his words and kisses pierced even deeper . This anniversary day I plan to wake early . I want to tell Richard how much I love him . He may look in the mirror and see an extra pound or two , or wish for the day when his hair was dark and curly , but all I’ll see is the man who saw something in me which couldn’t see it myself , and who leaves butterfly kisses , even after twenty-three years marriage . 56. Why did the author give ― liar ‖ as a usual response ? A. She developed such a habit . B. She was not beautiful actually . C. Her husband always cheated her . D. Her childhood made her unconfident . 57. How did the author feel when her husband told her she was beautiful after two-year marriage ? A. Pleased . B. Cheated . C. Proud . D. Doubted .
58. What does the underlined word ― pierce ‖ mean in the passage ? A. To make a hole C. To break through . 59. Which can be the best title for this passage ? A. Pretty Woman C. A Perfect Marriage B. Butterfly Kisses D. Fresh Love B LIPITOR Atorvastatin Calcium Tablets B. To influence deeply . D. To see suddenly .
WHO IS LIPITOR FOR ? Who can take LIPITOR : ·People who cannot lower their cholesterol （胆固醇）enough with diet and exercise . · Adults and children over 10 Who should NOT take LIPITOR : · Women who are pregnant , may be pregnant , or may become pregnant . LIPITOR may harm your unborn baby . If you become pregnant , stop LIPITOR and call your doctor right away ·Women who are breast-feeding . LIPITOR can pass into your breast milk and may harm your baby ·People with liver problems or allergic （过敏 的）to anything in LIPITOR HOW TO TAKE LIPITOR Do : ·Take LIPITOR at any time of day , with or without food ·If you miss a dose , take it as soon as you remember . But if it has been more than 12 hours since your missed dose , wait . Take the next dose at your regular time Don’t : · Do not change or stop your dose before talking to your doctor ·do not give your LIPITOR to other people . It may harm them even if your problems are
POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS OF LIPITOR Serious side effects in a small number of people : Muscle problems that can lead to kidney problems , including kidney failure . Your chance for muscle problem is higher if you take certain other medicines with LIPITOR Liver problems . Your doctor may do blood tests to check your liver before you start LIPITOR and while you are taking it Call your doctor right away if you have : · Unexplained muscle weakness or pain , especially if you have a fever or feel very tired · Allergic reactions including swelling （肿胀） of the face , lips , tongue , and/or throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or
swallowing which may require treatment right away ·Nausea , vomiting（呕吐）or stomach pain ·Feeling more tired than usual · Your skin and whites of your eyes turn yellow · Allergic skin reactions Common side effects of LIPITOR are : ·Diarrhea（腹泻） ·Muscle and joint pain ·Upset stomach ·Changes in some blood tests
the same NEED MORE INFORMATION ? · Ask your doctor or health care provider ·Go to www.lipitor.com 60. LIPITOR is a medicine __________ . A. specially designed for young kids B. to cure serious liver problems C. that can lower the risk for heart attack D. for mothers-to-be to lower cholesterol 61. Which of the following is most likely to be a bad sign for LIPITOR takers ? A. Drinking alcohol twice a day . B. Changes in medical tests . C. Discomfort and ache in muscles . D. Feeling tired after a day’s work . 62. If it has been over 12 hours since you missed a dose , you should __________ . A. change the amount of your next dose B. take the next dose at your regular time C. have a dose as soon as you remember D. eat more when taking your next dose 63. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text ? A. LIPITOR should never be taken with other food at the same time . B. Skipping is the best choice for those who have missed one dose . C. Recommendation is encouraged if one feels LIPITOR to be good . D. People can consult the professionals for details of the medicine . C In Japan many workers for large corporations have a guarantee of lifetime employment . They will not be laid off during recessions（经济萧条）or when the tasks they perform are taken over by robots . To some observers , this is capitalism at its best , because workers are treated as people not things . Others see it as necessarily inefficient and believe it cannot continue if Japan is to remain competitive with foreign corporations more concerned about profits and less concerned It was a horrible feeling : I was having a heart attack . Now I’m exercising , watching my diet , and trust my heart to Lipitor .
about people . Defenders of the system argue that those who call it inefficient do not understand how it really works . In the first place not every Japanese worker has the guarantee of a lifetime job . The lifetime employment system includes only ― regular employees . ‖ Many employees do not fall into this category , including all women . All businesses have many part time and temporary employees . These workers are hired and laid off during the course of the business cycle just as employees in the United States are . These ― irregular workers ‖ make up about 10 percent of the nonagricultural work force . Additionally , Japanese firms maintain some flexibility through the extensive use of subcontractors （分包单位） . This practice is much more common in Japan than in the United States . The use of both subcontractors and temporary workers has increased markedly in Japan since the 1974-1975 recessions . All this leads some people to argue that the Japanese system really is not all that different from the American system . During recessions Japanese corporations lay off temporary workers and give less business to subcontractors . In the United States , corporations lay off those workers with the least working experience . The difference then is probably less than the term ― lifetime employment ‖ suggests , but there still is a difference . And this difference cannot be understood without looking at the values of Japanese society . The relationship between employer and employee cannot be explained in purely contractual terms . Firms hold on to the employees and that employees stay with one firm . There are also practical reasons for not jumping from job to job . Most retirement benefits come from the employer . Changing jobs means losing these benefits . Also , teamwork is an essential part of Japanese production . Moving to a new firm means adapting to a different team and at least temporarily , lower productivity and lower pay . 64. According to the passage , a woman in Japan __________ . A. cannot get a lifetime job C. will be employed for life B. is impossible to get a part time job D. is among the regular workers
65. Which of the following is NOT the reason why Japanese workers stay with one firm ? A. they don’t want to lose their retirement benefits . B. they are not adaptable people . C. any change of jobs will make them less paid .
D. they get used to the teamwork . 66. It can be inferred from the passage that __________ . A. those who want to change jobs frequently in Japan should think twice B. those who are first laid off by American corporations are temporary workers C. the use of subcontractors makes Japanese firms less flexible D. the Japanese system is totally different from the American system 67. What does the passage mainly discuss ? A. The extremely hard situation during recessions . B. The extensive use of subcontractors in Japan . C. The features of lifetime employment in Japan . D Liverpool , my hometown , is a unique city . It is so unique that in 2004 it became a World Heritage（遗产）Site . I recently returned to my home city and my first stop was at a museum on the River Mersey . Blanketed in mist （薄雾） , Victorian architecture rose from the banks of the river , responded to the sounds of sea-birds , and appeared unbelievably charming . When I headed toward the centre , I found myself surrounded by buildings that mirror the best palaces of Europe . It is not hard to imagine why , on first seeing the city , most visitors would be overpowered by the beauty of the noble buildings , which are solid signs of Liverpool’s history . As if to stress its cultural role , Liverpool has more museums and galleries than most cities in Britain . At Walker Art Gallery , I was told that it has the best collections of Victorian paintings in the world , and is the home of modern art in the north of England . However , culture is more than galleries . Liverpool offers many music events . As Britain’s No . I music city , it has the biggest city music festival in Europe , and its musicians are famous all over the world . Liverpool is also well-known for its football and other sports events . Every year , the Mersey River Festival attracts thousands of visitors , making the city a place of wonder . As you would expect from such a city , there are restaurants serving food from around the world . When my trip was about to complete , I chose to rest my legs in Liverpool’s famous Philharmonic pub（酒馆）. It is a monument to perfection , and a heritage attraction itself . Being a World Heritage Site , my home city is certainly a place of ― outstanding universal
value . ‖ It is a treasure house with plenty of secrets for the world to explore . 68. Visitors who see the city for the first time would be deeply impressed by __________ . A. its charming banks C. its wonderful palaces B. its famous museums D. its attractive buildings
69. The third paragraph is developed mainly by __________ . A. providing different examples C. making comparisons B. following the order of space D. analyzing causes
70. The author uses the Philharmonic pub to prove that __________ . A. Liverpool is a well-known city for its restaurants B. Liverpool is an impressive place full of attraction C. a pub is a wonderful place for visitors to relax themselves D. a pub is a perfect choice for visitors to complete their journey 71. What is the passage mainly about ? A. The universal value of the world heritage in Liverpool B. The exciting experience of the author in Liverpool C. The special cultural atmosphere of Liverpool D. The beautiful historic sites of Liverpool E Contrary to what many people believe , highly intelligent children are not necessarily certain to achieve academic success . In fact , so-called gifted students may fail to do well because they are unusually smart . Ensuring that a gifted child reaches his or her potential requires a
knowledge of what can go wrong and how to satisfy the unusual learning requirements of extremely bright young people . One common problem gifted kids face is that they , and those around them , place too much importance on being smart . Such an emphasis can encourage a belief that bright people do not have to work hard to do well . Although smart kids may not need to work hard in the lower grades , when the work is easy , they may struggle and perform poorly when the work gets harder because they do not make the effort to learn . If the academic achievement of highly intelligent children remains below average for an extended period , many teachers will fail to recognize their potential . As a result , such students may not get the encouragement they need , further depressing
their desire to learn . They may fall far behind in their schoolwork and even develop behavior problems . IQ is just one element among many in the recipe for success—Children develop well or struggle in school for a host of reason apart from IQ . These include motivation and persistence , social competence , and the support of family , educators and friends . Because highly gifted children solve the most varied thought problems faster and more thoroughly than those with more average talents do , they need additional intellectual stimulation while they wait for the rest of the kids to learn the basics . Two central approaches are used to satisfy the educational needs of such children : acceleration and enrichment . Acceleration means studying material that is part of the standard subjects for older students . Enrichment involves learning information that falls outside the usual subjects . A child might skip one or more grades as a way of accelerating in school . But being with older children for the entire school day—and perhaps for grade-based extracurricular activities such as sports—can make a child feel inferior in every realm outside of academics . One very bright fourth-grader who had skipped two grades remained far ahead of his classmates intellectually , but as his classmates reached puberty（青春期）, his social and other shortcomings became painfully apparent . While acceleration is not an option , or not a good one , enrichment can be . After all , school is not a race but an adventure in learning . As such , the goal is not finishing first but absorbing as much knowledge as possible in the time assigned . Thus , providing opportunities for a child to study topics outside the regular subjects can be at least as valuable as pushing him or her through the required material faster . 72. What is the basic reason for the low academic achievement of highly intelligent children ? A. Teachers’ failure to recognize their potential . B. Too much emphasis on being intelligent . C. Studying topics outside the regular subjects . D. Lack of encouragement from teachers . 73. According to the passage , which of the following belongs to enrichment activities for talented children ? A. Skipping one of more grades and studying together with older children . B. Learning the same material in the standard subjects for older students .
C. Learning information that is not included in the regular subjects . D. Learning how to read with fluency even in their pre-school days . 74. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage ? A. Many people believe highly intelligent children may fail to do well . B. The writer is in favor of enrichment rather than acceleration . C. Smart students may not get the encouragement as a result of depressing the desire . D. IQ is a determining factor in achieving success . 75. In this article , the writer intends to __________ . A. point out the weaknesses of acceleration for gifted children B. compare acceleration with enrichment for gifted children C. stress the importance of enrichment for gifted children D. discuss how to bring out gifted children’s potential
第 II 卷（共三节，满分 35 分） I. 单词填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 1. She is still f__________ dependent on her parents . 2. There are strong a __________ for and against the bill . 3. John was very d__________ to do his classmates a favor . 4. Vehicle i__________ is primarily used to provide money protection against physical damage and/or bodily injury resulting from traffic injuries . 5. Many children are a __________ to video game , which worries their parents a lot . 6. The Wall Street Journal is one of the most successful and __________（有影响力的）papers in the world . 7. You are __________ （善于观察的） and you know more about some people than they think , just because you’ve watched them . 8. __________（收养）by a kind-hearted couple , the boy finally started a new life . 9. I __________（款待）my friends at my own table to a simple meal . 10. She is similar to her sister in appearance but not in __________（性格）.
II. 根据课文内容填空。 （共 5 小题；每空 1 分，满分 10 分）
11. Cubist artists painted objects and people , with different __________ of the object or person showing at the same time . 12. This is because the __________ has not put enough money into the health __________ . 13. Users who __________ the drug are also in more __________ if they share needles with other users . 14. While he was still a teenager , Mozart was already a big star and __________ Europe giving __________ . 15. Unusually , it is the __________ characters that __________ us most . __________ , good and strong , Xiulian is the character we care about most .
III. 根据要求完成句子。 （共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 1. 昨天在我父母到家之前，我就已经做好饭了。 （by the time） _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 2. 直到最近发生了一系列空难事故后， 人们才开始关注飞行员的心理 （psychological） 健康。 （not until 强调句） _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 3. 由于物价的上涨，他发现养家越来越难。 （用 with 的复合结构） _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 4. 在奥地利（Austria）工作了三十年之后，海顿（Haydn）搬到了伦敦，在那里他取了巨大 的成功。 （用非谓语动词） _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________ 5. 毕业以后，我最终决定定居重庆，一个被称作“山城”的城市，在这里我度过了大学四
年快乐的时间。 （使用同位语和非限定性定语从句） _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________