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南通高等师范学校外语系

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Period 1 Welcome to the unit 教学设计一 整体设计

三维目标 1. To introduce and develop the theme of school life, especially to get the stu

dents to know of differences between lives ina school life and British. 2. To help the students enlarge their vocabulary, especially those related to the topic. 3. To develop listening and speaking by talking about life in the new school. 4. To enable the students to know how to compare. 5. To learn to be cooperative and helpful when working together. 重点难点 1. To find out the differences of their life between senior school and junior school. 2. To learn something about the high school life in the UK. 3. To encourage the students to talk about their former school life and about their dream school life. 4. To ensure every student to have a chance to express himself/herself. 教学方法 1. Discussion in pairs or in groups. 2. Task-based in-class activities. 教具准备 Books, ….. 教学过程 Ask the students to prepare for a free-talk for about two or three minutes. →Step 1 lead-in 1. Greeting 2. Talk about something about high school and help them know more about it. High School High school sounds like a scary time for everybody. But when you really get to high school, it doesn?t seem that bad. What high school is like High school is a lot like middle school. Of course you might get lost the first few days looking for your classes. But after a while, you learn that what seemed like a large school really isn?t. One thing that is really cool about high school is that there are more classes to choose from, Some are even unavailable in middle school like photography or psychology. If you happen to like art, there are many art classes. So there are many things that are new in high school, but often, it?s these new things that make high school so much better. High school isn?t just fun, though. At the same time, you are growing up and have to be responsible. Teachers aren?t going to chase you down to do your homework or beg you to complete all your tests.

南通高等师范学校外语系

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= In order to help them make a successful dialogue, teachers first introduce some school facilities, such as, library, car park, classroom, lecture hall, art room, science laboratory, stores, offices, garden, swimming pool, dormitories, medical center, gym, canteen, classroom. →Step 2 Presentation Activity 1 Brainstorming Try to encourage all of them to be active in this activity, and teachers had better write down some wonderful expressions on the blackboard. Or draw the picture as the following.

Activity 2 Discussion After the students show their understanding about high school, teachers can ask them to tell the differences between school lives between junior schools and high schools. For example, we have studied English for three or more years, what is the UK school life like? How different is it from that in China? Activity 3 Talking about the pictures After the discussion, ask them to talk about the pictures on page 1. In picture 1, we can see very low-rise houses and huge campus. They are very different from those lk China. In China, students usually have large buildings and campus to make sure students have enough space to study in and play in. In picture 2, we can see lockers for every student. In China, students don?t have lockers. In picture 3, we can see a larger classroom with fewer students in it. The students sit in two lines face to face. There is a narrow passage between the two lines. The students are putting up their hands eagerly. Maybe they are answering the teacher?s questions. This is quite different from that of China. Students always have a full classroom with students sitting in several lines facing a blackboard. And in most cases, students are not so eager to answer the teachers? questions. In picture 4, two students are discussing something with their teacher. They look quite at ease with their teacher as if they were staying with their friends. In China, it is quite different. Children or students often feel embarrassed when they are with their teachers. Activity 4 Comparison—Group work Students may have gained more knowledge about school life in the UK by talking about the pictures so they can make a comparison about school life in the UK and China. Ask student discuss with their group members about the following question: What?s the difference in schools between China and the UK? Then draw some conclusions to complete the following form. Aspects Schools in the UK Schools in China Campus and buildings facilities size of every class

南通高等师范学校外语系

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relationship between teachers and students Some other aspects you know →Step 3 Discussion First, organize the students into pairs or small groups. Get the students to discuss the following questions: 1. What is your dream school life like? 2. What kind of school activities do you enjoy? 3. What do you think of your life here in the new school? During the time of discussion, teachers had better take part in the students? discussion and offer them some language help if necessary. Then, get small groups to report their conclusions to the whole class. →Step 4 Activity (show) Ask the students to describe a good teacher in their mind, and make a vivid description about a good student in their view, together with the ideal relationship between teachers and students. Teachers can ask some questions, for example: 1. What kind of teachers do you like best in your mind? What characters does a good teacher should have in your opinion? 2. In your opinion, what kind of students can be regarded as good students? 3. What relationship between teachers and students should we have? In order to encourage the students to consider these questions deeply, teachers are advised to give students enough time to discuss with their group members fully. During practicing it, teachers are also advised to organize a competition to arouse students? interest. If possible, students can draw pictures to express their thoughts. Sample answers: To question 1: S: I hope my teachers can have a strong sense of humor. S: If teachers can treat every student equally, I think we will all love them. S: We hope we can learn a lot of knowledge from teachers, so I think teachers who are learned must be very popular among us. To question 2: S: But I think a good student must be clever, open-minded and are ready to help others. S: First of all, a good student must be competitive and civilized. S: He or she should have good manners. To question 3: S: I think it is necessary to understand each other between teachers and students. S: Cooperation can help to build a good relationship between teachers and students. S: Teachers should be respected, while students are also respected. Respect is an important element for good relationship between teachers and students.

南通高等师范学校外语系

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_____________

After discussing these questions, teachers are to continue to let the students consider the following question: Many people think high school life is such an important period in our life. Do you know why? Encourage the students to show their different opinions. Later, teachers can draw a conclusion, that is, high school life is a bridge to success. And then, students are grouped to discuss this question: What can help us to succeed in our high school life? Suggested answers: S: Determination can help us succeed. S: Confidence leads to success. S: We should work hard, which leads to success. S: I think team work can help us succeed. S:Perseverance is important for success. S: Competence plays an important part in success. S: Wisdom and intelligence lead to success. Teachers can also draw a picture to show the keys to success according to what students say.

→Step 6 Summary Today we have a good beginning: we have known about the differences between the life of Chinese and British high school students. We also give a brief description of our dream school life. I hope we will get on very well and all of you will enjoy yourselves during the high school. →Step 7 Homework 板书设计

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Unit 1 School life Brainstorming:

Comparison: life in junior school and in high school school life in the UK and in China Discussion: school life in your dream; relationship between teachers and students Exploration: ways to success

课时:

Period 2 Reading 教学设计一

三维目标 1. Train the students? reading ability, introducing the two ?reading strategies?, skimming and scanning. 2. Enable the students to learn to talk about school life and identify the differences in the school life between the UK and China. 3. Learn some useful words and expressions attend, earn, respect, achieve, challenging, prepare, drop, miss, experience, introduce, for free, at lunchtime, word by word, on average, sound like 4. Learn some important sentence structures 1)This means I could. . . 2)I found the homework was not as heavy as what I used to get. . . 重点难点 1. Help the students to learn about the school life in the UK and get the students to talk about the differences in the school life between the UK and China. 2. Help the students to learn to use some of the new words and expressions. 3. Help the students to learn to make an outline of a plan for their new school life. 教学方法 1. Discussion in pairs or in groups. 2. Task-based in-class activities. 3. Explanations of some language points. 教具准备 A tape recorder and a multimedia classroom. 课前准备 1. Ask the students to prepare for a free-talk for about two or three minutes. 教学过程 →Step 1 Greetings and self-introduction?

南通高等师范学校外语系

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→Step 2 Lead in Ask the students to describe some parts of high school life in the UK based on what they learned in Welcome to the unit. 1. Huge campus and low-rise buildings can often be seen in the UK 2. What impressed me a lot are the lockers in the classrooms for students to put their stationery, books, exercise books and other belongings. I think it is really convenient for the students. While in China, we usually have a heavy burden of school bags. I often wonder if the heavy bags will do harm to the development of our bodies. 3. From my point of view, most foreign teachers are humorous and kind-hearted. It seems that they have a close relationship with their students. And some of our teachers are too strict with us. Maybe not only the students, but also the teachers are under the pressure of the entrance examination. Some possible answers: 1. I?m surprised that they only have about 20 students in their class while we have 54 students here. And they have a lot of chances to express their opinions. Their presentations are beyond my imagination. I hope I can do that in my class. 2. They are so many in-class activities in the their class. I think we should have more opportunities to work in pairs or in groups. 3. It seems that their classes are loose, but in fact well organized. The teacher talks less, and the students do a lot. →Step 3 Reading Skimming Come to the article from a school magazine, written by an exchange student Wei Hua, who once studied in the UK. She gives us a brief but vivid description of what school life in the UK is like from her own experience. Ask the students to read the text quickly and answer the three questions in Part A. Check the answers. Or we can use another way to help the students to learn how to skim a passage. In order to help the students to know how to skim a passage, the teacher can also get the following passage, which is also related to the topic of this unit, for the students to read. The students are supposed to get the main idea of this passage as quickly as possible. Reading material: Education system in the UK The UK is made up of 4 different countries—England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Education in the UK is compulsory for everyone between the ages of five and sixteen, and is provided by two kinds of schools: independent and state-funded schools. Education system in Scotland The education system in Scotland differs at school and under-graduate level to the other countries that follow a similar system. The main differences are as follows: Students can enter university at the age of 17 rather than 18, as university courses in Scotland are normally one year longer than in England. Between the ages of 16-18 years, students in Scotland often study a broader curriculum than in other parts of the UK and often do not specialize in the sciences, arts, and humanities.

南通高等师范学校外语系

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Education system in England, Wales and Northern Ireland Children normally start school at the age of 5 and move to secondary school at the age of 11. Pre-school programs are also available to students at the age of 3 or 4. . . . After the students read this passage, raise these questions for them to answer: 1. What?s the main idea of this passage? 2. And how do you know that? 3. Is there any other way to help us to get the main idea quickly? Possible answers: 1. It mainly tells us the education system in the UK, especially that in Scotland. 2. From the title and the subtitle. 3. Usually the pictures will help us a lot. Sometimes, the first and the last paragraph are very important for us to read, as well as the first sentence of each paragraph. The teacher should tell the students that all these are very go d reading skills, which are often adopted by many people while they are reading. And then ask the students to skim the text, and find the answers to the three questions as quick as possible, using the methods talked about. Then check the answers. ?Reading strategy? is very important while we are reading a passage. Here, two reading strategies are introduced in this unit. Ask the students to read the ?reading strategy? on page 3 and finish the form on the screen. Brainstorming Before the students move on to the details of this reading passage, ask them to have a brainstorming. Question: When we come to the title ?School life in the UK?, what do you expect to read in this passage?

This design is used to help the students learn to predict what to read in this passage, to know how to select different materials, to arose their interest in reading this passage, to let other students share their creative ideas, to encourage more students to take part in in-class activities and to give every student a chance to express their ideas. List all the things suggested by the students on the blackboard. If necessary, the teacher can add more items according to the text. Suggested answers: Things expect to read about School hours School location School assemblies School teachers School facilities

南通高等师范学校外语系

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School classes School homework School subjects School holidays School fees School activities School food ...

Scanning Now it?s time for the students to scan the passage to get certain information quickly. Let the students have a group competition. Since team work plays a very important part in the school life for the teenagers, if possible, more chances should be given to the students to let them be aware of team spirit. Tell the students that they will be divided into four groups—Group 1, 2, 3, and 4. They should try their best to find the details about the things talked about in the passage. If one student can get one of them, he or she will be given 10 marks. Ask them to remember to use the reading strategy—scanning. If time permits, we can guide the students to focus on the structure of the passage. In this way, we can also help the students to learn how to scan a passage. While reading a passage, we should pay special attention to the structure of the passage. By doing that, we?ll find it easier for us to understand the text. Ask the students to come to the structure of the text, scan the text and find out how many parts the text can be divided into and get the main idea for each part. Main ideas Parts Part 1(Para. 1) Wei Hua?s feeling about staying in a British high school for one year Part 2 (Paras. 2-7) Different aspects Para. 2 the advice the headmaster gave of school life in during assembly the UK Para. 3 school teachers and classmates Para. 4 school homework and subjects Para. 5 school activities Para. 6 choices about subjects Para. 7 school food and entertainment Part 3(Para. 8) Wei Hua?s hope Now it?s time for the students to do more consolidation exercises. Ask the students to turn to page 4, and come to C1 first. Let the students to work in pairs, that is, one student read the question and the other answers it. Then ask the students to come to C2. Ask one student to read one sentence, and he or she will ask one of the other students to decide whether the sentence is true or false. If it is false, let him or her correct it. Comparison in details Since the students have already got some details about the school life in the UK. They should

南通高等师范学校外语系

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be encouraged to learn to compare the school life between the UK and China. Ask them to work in groups to find out the information and use their common sense to fill in the blanks. Differences and similarities about school life between the UK and China Different aspects the UK China Differences School hours 9 a. m. -3: 30 p. m. 7: 30 a. m. -4: 30 p. m. Class size about 30 students about 50 students Classes different classrooms in the same classroom Classmates can?t remember all remember them easily too much Homework not heavy Subjects English, History, English Chinese, Maths, literature, Computer Science, English, Physics, Maths, Science, PE, Cooking, Chemistry, History, Woodwork French, Art Politics, Geography, PE, Biology School food lots of desserts after their main regular three meals meal Similarities School assembly rules, ways to earn respect and achieve high grades School teachers helpful, friendly Further understanding of this text To help the students to improve their reading skills, the teacher can also prepare some reading comprehension exercises for the students to do. 1. Which of the following statements is NOT true? A. Not all the students are familiar with each other. B. Students can choose any of the subjects or drop any one. C. Students in that school have to move to different classrooms for different classes. D. Students should work hard to get high grades. 2. Which of the following sentences about Wei Hua is TRUE according to the text? A. Wei Hua couldn?t get used to the school hours there. B. Wei Hua couldn?t get on well with her classmates, for they didn?t know each other. C. Wei Hua soon adjusted herself to the homework in English there though it was a bit challenging. D. Wei Hua didn?t like British food and couldn?t get used to eating desserts. (Before the students get down to these exercises, ask them to pay attention to the details of the passage. The teacher should point out that the students should learn to find the supporting sentences in the passage. ) Suggested answers: 1. B 2. C Guessing the meanings of the new words The main idea of this passage and some of the details have been further discussed. Now, it?s time to come to some new words in this passage. Ask the students to turn to page 4, and come to Part D. Ask them to find these new words in the article, guess their meanings from the context and then match them with the correct definitions. (Give the students several minutes to finish this part. Then check the answers. )

南通高等师范学校外语系

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To see if the students have fully understood these new words, the teacher can design some exercises for the students to do. For example, the teacher can ask the students to fill in the blanks with the seven words. (Ask the students to fill in the blanks and then check the answers. ) 1. Cathy is making herself up, for she will_____________ a wedding party. 2. With the exam drawing near, all the students are busy_____________ for it. 3. To be a journalist is more_____________ than to be a worker, but I like it. 4. The couple_____________ a lot of money by running that restaurant. 5. Do you eat_____________ after your main meal? 6. Once Zhang Hua wanted to_____________ English, but now he is good at it. 7. We have some_____________ homework before our examination. (This kind of exercises can help the students to master the usage of some of the important words in this unit. If the students find it difficult to do, then the teacher can ask them to work in pairs first. ) Suggested answers: 1. attend 2. preparing 3. challenging 4. earn 5. desserts 6. drop 7. extra After the students finish this exercise, they will be asked to come to Part E. A British student has read Wei Hua?s article and wants to become her pen friend. Complete his letter to Wei Hua, using the words given. (Ask the students to read out their answers, and check them. Give some explanations if necessary. ) In-class activities Different in-class activities are very important in learning English. The text has been talked about a lot. Most of the students must have mastered the text well. It?s time for them to practice. The following steps are designed for the students to practice their spoken English, to consolidate what they have learnt, to enlarge their knowledge and to improve other abilities in learning English. Practice A (review the basic knowledge of the passage) This is designed to help the students to consolidate what they have learned in this passage. They can use the information in the passage directly or organize their report using their own words. 1. Say something about Wei Hua?s studying experience in Manchester in the UK. 2. Describe part of school life in the UK according to the text. (Show the above on the screen. ) Sample answers: 1. Wei Hua was an exchange student who once studied in a British high school in Manchester in the UK. She thought that was an unforgettable experience for her. In her opinion, the teachers there are very helpful and friendly. She also made some friends there. And she missed them very much. Wei Hua was happy with the school hours there, because she could get up an hour later than usual as schools in China begin earlier. What impressed her most was that they had to move to different classrooms for different classes. And they had different students in some classes, which made it difficult to remember all the faces and names. Wei Hua chose to study Woodwork, And she made a small table. She liked it very much though it didn?t look like a table. Wei Hua experienced a different way of life, I think. That?s all. Thank you! 2. School life in the UK is quite different from that in China. Usually in Britain school starts

南通高等师范学校外语系

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around 9 a. m. and ends about 3: 30. p. m. , while in China schools begin before 8 a. m. The average size for British schools is about 30, while in China there are about 50 students in one class. Since the students in Britain have to move to different classrooms for different classes, and they have different students in some classes, they would find it difficult to remember all the faces and names. However, in China, usually all the 50 students will study in the same classroom, so we get familiar with each other soon. There are also great differences in the choice of subjects. The British students can choose or drop their subjects if they don?t like them. We can seldom do that. Anyway, there are some similarities in school life between the UK and China. For example, strict rules are required in both of the countries and the best way to earn respect from the school is to work hard and achieve high grades. In addition, all the teachers are willing to help the students. In conclusion, to have a chance to study in a British high school means to experience a different way of life. That?s all. Thank you! Practice B (share your opinions) Compared to the school life in China, which aspect of the school life in the UK do you prefer? Why? Or, which aspect of the school life in the UK attracts you more? Why? (Show the above on the screen. Students are encouraged to discuss with their partners first before they give their opinions. ) Practice C (make an interview) So far we haven?t had the opportunity to go abroad to experience a foreign way of life, but we are happy here to read a passage about school life in the UK written by Wei Hua. Suppose you have a chance to interview Wei Hua. Apart from the things you have learned in the passage, what other information would you like to know about her life and study in the UK? Do an interview with your partner, different aspects can be mentioned in your interview dialogue, such as timetable, teachers, classmates, subjects, homework, grades, size of the classroom, campus, school facilities, host family, food, teaching methods, atmosphere, students? hobbies, traditions, school rules and principles and so on. Practice D (make a plan for the new school life) The students are new comers to high schools, and they should be encouraged to make a plan for their new school life. Raise the following questions and let the students discuss them in groups. Then ask the representatives of each group to give a short presentation. This design will help the students to adapt themselves to high school life quickly and help them to form a good habit of studying by making a good plan first. As the saying goes, well begun is half-done. What kind of school life do you expect in the new term? How will you enjoy your school life? →Step 4 Teaching and learning design of some new words and expressions Part A To learn the new words and expressions, we have different ways. This time we can adopt the Teaching and Learning Design way, that is to say, we can design the new words and expressions in the form of exercises, ask the students to learn the words and phrases by themselves, then they can do the paper exercises in groups. After that, the teacher will explain some of them to the students or ask the students to work in pairs and then give their explanations by themselves. First ask the students to finish the following sentences with the words in the text. 1. Our class teacher will_____________ an important meeting this afternoon. 2. The old teacher told us that the best way to_____________ respect from the students was

南通高等师范学校外语系

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to work hard and be patient with them. 3. All the Chinese_____________ Premier Zhou as a great leader. 4. How can we_____________ high grades in our examinations? 5. To be a monitor is a bit_____________ for me, for I am a shy girl. 6. It is great fun to learn how to buy,_____________ and cook food. 7. Isn?t it strange that students in a British high school should_____________ some subjects if they don?t like them? 8. We_____________ our parents very much during the first month in the boarding school. 9. If you have a chance to study abroad, you will_____________ a different way of life. 10. Let me_____________ myself to you. I?m Ling Tao from No. 1 high school. (This step will help the students to move back on to the text to try their best to understand how to use these words. If the students don?t know how to use them, encourage them to use a dictionary for help. Only in this way can the students learn by themselves. ) Suggested answers: 1. attend 2. earn 3. respect 4. achieve 5. challenging 6. prepare 7. drop 8. missed 9. experience 10. introduce Explanations: 1. attend The word ?attend? is a verb. It means ?go to? or ?be present at? in the text. Translate the following phrases or sentences, please. 1)上学____________________________ 2)上教堂__________________________ 3)出席会议_________________________ 4)听演讲__________________________ 5)Please attend to what the teacher is saying.__________________________ 6)Are you being attended to? (=Is anyone serving you? )________________ 7)Which doctor is serving you?____________________ 8)Over two hundred people attended the charity show.________ ____________ Suggested answers: 1)attend school 2)attend church 3)attend a meeting 4)attend a lecture 5) 请注意听老师讲话。 6)有店员招呼你吗? 7)哪个医生为你看病? 8)两百多人参加了慈善演 出。 2. earn The word ?earn? is a verb meaning ?get something that one deserves because of one?s qualities or actions? or ?get money by working?. Finish the following sentences, please. 1)He____________ _______________ ____________ (谋生)by delivering newspapers. 2)The success in the Olympic Games_____________ Liu Xiang_____________ (赢得尊 敬) and admiration. 3)___________ ___________ ____________ ___________ ___________ _________a year? (你赚多少钱? ) 4)He___________ ____________ _____________ _____________ ____________ (获得赞 美)from the newspapers for his new book. Suggested answers: 1)earns his living 2)earned, respect 3)How much do you earn 4)earned a lot of praise 3. respect

南通高等师范学校外语系

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This word can be used as both a noun and a verb. Please rewrite the following sentence and translate the others. 1)Students should respect their parents and teachers. →Students should____________ ____________ _____________their parents and teachers. 2)如果你不尊重自己, 怎能期望别人尊重你?_______________________________ 3)He has no respect for his promise.____________________________________ Suggested answers: 1)show respect for 2)If you don?t respect yourself, how can you expect others to respect you? 3)他不重视他的诺言。 4. achieve Translate the following phrases or sentences, please. 1)获得成功__________________________?2 )达到目的_________________ 3)完成任务__________________________?4) 得高分_____________ 获 5)他永远不会有所成就。_______________________________________ 6)The inventor was rewarded by the government for his scientific achievements. _________________________________________________________________ Suggested answers: 1)achieve success 2)achieve one?s purpose 3)achieve one?s goal4)achieve high grades 5)He will never achieve anything. 6)该发明家由于在科学上的成就, 受到了政府 的奖励。 5. challenging challenging is an adjective challenge is a noun or verb. Translate the following sentences. 1)He challenged Tom to fight. 2)Who challenged his right to vote? 3)Which is a more challenging job, to be an astronaut or to be a pilot? Suggested answers: 1)他向汤姆挑战。 2)谁对他投票的权利提出了异议? 3)当宇航员还是飞行员, 哪个更具有挑战性? 6. prepare Finish the following sentences. 1)Mother__________ _____________ ____________ ______________ (在准备饭)in the kitchen. 2)Mr Wang___________ ______________ ____________ _____________ (在备课)in the office. 3)Miss Li is good at___________ _____________ ___________ ___________ __________ _________ (指导学生准备考试). 4)They________ ____________ ____________ ___________ _____________ _____________(准备好对付任何可能发生的事情). 5)We____________ ______________ _____________ (能够且愿意)supply the goods you ask for. 6)We___________ ____________ _______________ ______________( 正 在 作 准 备 )the coming examination. →We____________ ______________ _____________ the coming examination. Suggested answers: 1)is preparing a meal 2)is preparing his lessons 3)preparing students for

南通高等师范学校外语系

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an examination 4)are prepared for anything to happen 5)are prepared to 6)are making preparations for/are preparing for 7. drop Translate the following sentences into Chinese, paying attention to the different meanings of ?drop?. 1)You?d better drop your bad habit. _________________________________ 2)Let?s drop the subject. _________________________________ 3)She dropped the teapot. _________________________________ 4)The temperature has dropped to 0℃ . _________________________________ 5)She dropped into a chair, worn out. _________________________________ 6)Please drop me a line if possible. _________________________________ 7)Please drop me at the post office. _________________________________ 8)I wish he wouldn?t drop in on me so often. _________________________________ 9)Tom has dropped out of the team. _________________________________ Suggested answers: 1)你最好改掉你的恶习。 2)我们不要再谈论这个话题了。 3)她把茶壶掉落下去了。 4)温度已经降到零度了。 5)她一下子坐在椅子上, 显得精疲力竭。 6)如果可能给我写封短信吧。 7)请让我在邮局下车。 8)我希望他不要时常来访。 9)汤姆不参加那个队了。 8. miss Finish the following sentences, please. 1)We?ll____________ _____________ _______________ ____________(很想念)if you move. 2)He had to see the doctor and so____________ ____________ ___________. (没能参加会 议) Translate the following sentences, paying attention to its different meanings. 3)I threw the ball to him but he missed it. 4)The hospital is on the right side at the end of the road, so you can?t miss it. 5)I?m afraid I?ve missed the point. 6)Do you think he missed a good chance?

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

7)The child just missed being hit by a car. 8)I missed her in the crowd. Suggested answers: (1)miss you very much (2)missed the meeting (3)我把球丢给他, 但他 没接着。 (4)医院就在路尽头的右边, 所以你不会看不见的。 (5)我恐怕没抓住要点。 (6) 你认为他错失良机了吗? (7)那个小孩差一点儿就让车子撞到了。(8)在人群中, 我把她看丢 了。 9. experience Ask the students to translate the following sentences. 1)v. ?Experience can be used as a verb. It means ?feel or have experience of? . (1)Have you ever experienced real hunger? (2)He experienced great hardships for the first time in his life. (3)The small village has experienced great changes in the last thirty years. 2)n. ? [C] Experience can be used as a countable noun, which means ?an event that affects people in some way?. (1)Would you please tell us of your experiences in Australia? (2)It was an exciting experience sailing to the uninhabited island. 3)n. ? [U] Experience can also be used as an uncountable noun, meaning ?the process of gaining knowledge or skill by doing and seeing things?. (1)He has much experience in teaching English. (2)Experience is the best teacher. (3)He hasn?t had enough experience for the job. 4)experienced ?adj. 有经验的, 老练的, 熟练的? (1)He?s very experienced in money matters. (2)She is an experienced teacher. Suggested answers: 1)(1)你经历过真正的饥饿吗? (2)他年轻时期经历过困苦。 (3)在过去的三十年间, 这个小村庄发生了巨大的变化。 2)(1)你能告诉我们你在澳大利亚的经历吗? (2)远航到那个没人去过的岛屿是次令人兴奋的经历。 3)(1)他教英语很有经验。 (2)经验是最好的老师。 (3)他做这项工作没有足够的经验。 4)(1)他在处理钱的问题方面很有经验。 (2)她是个有经验的老师。 10. introduce Translate the following sentences into Chinese. 1)He introduced me to his parents. 2)Tobacco was introduced into Europe from America. 3)Would you be so kind as to write a letter of introduction for me? Suggested answers: 1)他把我介绍给他父母。 2)烟草是由美洲传入欧洲的。 3)你能否 帮我写封介绍信? Ask the students to either make sentences or make a short passage with the above ten words. In this way, the students will learn to use the words and learn to organize the sentences by

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

themselves. Meanwhile, this design will help the students to fire their imagination and make some different sentences with creative ideas. For example: The Spring Festival is just around the corner. I really miss my aunt Lucy very much. She is a journalist working for China Daily. While we are busy with the coming New Year, she is preparing for an important meeting held in Swiss. And she will attend it soon. Aunt Lucy is always telling me that we can only achieve great success and earn respect from others by working hard. She once told me that being an English journalist is a little bit challenging but it is worth doing. She will never drop it. One of her unforgettable experiences is that she was once introduced to the American president and interviewed him. I hope one day I will be a journalist like my aunt Lucy. Part B After learning the new words, the teacher can ask the students to find the following phrases in the passage, and use them to make sentences according to their meanings in the text. 1. for free 2. at lunchtime 3. word by word 4. on average 5. sound like (Collect sentences from the students. Here are some of them. ) 1. Every one of the students can get one ticket for free. 2. My grandmother often reminded me of table manners at lunchtime when I was a little girl. 3. Our Chinese teacher advises us not to read a passage word by word. 4. These students are 16 yeas old on average. 5. It sounds like a train going under my house. More explanations 1. for free 免费 Please read these sentences and pay attention to the different meanings of ?free? in these sentences. 1)The bird should be set free. 2)You are free to go or stay as you please. 3)Those children are free from anxiety. 4)He is usually free in the afternoon. 5)At last, she freed herself from debt. Suggested answers: 1)这只鸟应该被放掉。 2)去或留随你的便。 3)这些孩子们无忧无虑 的。 4)他通常下午有空。 5)最后, 她还清了债务。 2. at lunchtime 吃饭时 ?at?通常可以用来表示时间, 如: at sunset, at sunrise, at dawn, at night, at midnight, at noon, at any time, at that moment, at this point 3. word by word 逐字逐句地 类似的词组还有: sentence by sentence, one by one, day by day, year by year 4. on average 平均 The word ?average? is an adjective, meaning ?usual, typical or normal?; it can also be used as a noun, meaning ?a usual level?; it can also be used as a verb, meaning ?to be of a certain amount as an average?. The average age of the boys in this football team is fifteen.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

这个足球队的平均年龄是 15 岁。 On average, there are 30 girls present every time. 平均起来,每次有 30 个女生到场。 The average of 4, 5, and 9 is 6. 4, 5,9 的平均数是 6。 The average working hours for most people are 40 hours a week. 大多数人平均工作时间为每周 40 小时。 5. sound like 听起来像 In the text ?sound? is a linking verb, meaning ?seem. . . when heard?. It sounds like a good idea. 听起来是个好主意。 It sounds like there is something wrong with the computer. 听起来这台电脑有问题。 Pay attention to the different usages of the word ?sound? in the following sentences, in which ?sound? is used as a noun or an adjective. I could hear the sound of laughter of those children. 我能听到那些孩子们的笑声。 The foundations of the house are not very sound. 房子的地基不是很牢固。 After the explanation, the teacher can ask the students to make a short passage or make a short dialogue using these phrases. At lunchtime, my little son Tom told me word by word that his greatest dream was to set up a magic school of his own. He said that there would be only ten students on average in each class. The students can choose their favorite subjects for free. They can even drop some subjects if they don?t like them. I told him that sounded like a good idea and he should work hard for it. Part 3 After learning these phrases, the teacher should guide the students to come to some difficult and important sentence patterns in the text. 1. This means I could. . . As we know, ?mean? has different meanings, such as ?be a sign of; be likely to result in; intend; refer to; have as a purpose; be of importance or value to?, etc. 1)What do you mean by saying that? 你说那些是什么意思? 2)This new frontier incident probably means that there will be a war. 边境新发生的事件意味着将会有战争。 3)He means to succeed. 他想成功。 4)Your friendship means a great deal to me. 你的友谊对我很重要。 The students should be reminded to pay special attention to the differences between ?mean to do?(打算做某事)and ?mean doing?(意味着做某事). 5)I?m sorry if I hurt your feelings—I didn?t mean to. 如果我伤害了你,对不起! 我不是有意的。 6)Missing a bus in parts of England sometimes means waiting for another hour.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

在英国某些地方错过一班车,有时就意味着再等一小时。 The noun form of ?mean? is ?meaning?(意义, 含义, 企图) and ?means?(方法, 手段), its adjective form is ?meaningful?(富有意义的, 意味深长的), and its adverb from is ?meaningfully?(意味深长地). Here are some examples. 7)This is a passage without much meaning. 这篇文章意义不大。 8)He looked at me meaningfully. 他意味深长地看着我。 9)These goods are by no means satisfactory. 这些货绝不令人满意。 2. I found the homework was not as heavy as what I used to get in my old school, but it was a bit challenging for me at first because all the homework was in English. 我发现家庭作业并不如我以前学校的重, 但因为所有作业都是英语的, 一开始还有点挑 战性。 1)First, ask the students to pay attention to the sentence structure ?not. . . but. . . ?. (1)It is not what he said but how he talked about it that made me angry. (2)They had a discussion not in the living room but in the garden. (3)Not his parents but Tom is going to attend the meeting. 2)Second, ask the students to come to the phrase ?as. . . as. . . ?, which is used to compare two things or two persons. I can play football as well as, if not better than, Tom. 我踢足球即使不比汤姆好,也和他一样。 The word ?as? can be used as either a preposition or a conjunction. Working as a teacher, I love my career very much. 作为老师,我很喜欢我的职业。 As Susan was sitting on the sofa reading English, Mary entered. 当 Susan 坐在沙发上读英语时,Mary 进来了。 Then guide the students to pay attention to the phrase ?a bit?, which means ?to some degree? or ?rather?. Could you turn the radio down a bit, please? The baby is sleeping. 你能把收音机关小一点吗?孩子在睡觉。 The teacher should note that ?a bit? means ?a little?. But the students should pay attention to the negative form of ?a bit?. The phrase ?not a bit? means ?not at all?, while ?not a little? means ?very much?. I had a big meal this noon, so now I?m not a bit hungry. 中午我饱饱地吃了一顿,因此现在我一点也不饿。 After a whole day?s hard work, she was not a little tired, and she couldn?t move her legs. 工作一天,她很累,腿都迈不动了。 3. I was very happy with the school hours in Britain because school starts around 9 a. m. and ends about 3: 30 p. m. 我很满意英国学校的时间安排,因为早晨 9 点左右才上课,下午 3 点半左右就放学。 Here ?with? is a preposition, which refers to the attitude towards a person or a thing. The nurse is always patient with the patients. 这个护士对病人们很有耐心。

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

But pay attention to the different usages of the word “with” in the following sentences. Have you noticed the woman with an angry look in her eyes? (carrying; characterized by) 你看到那位妇女满眼怒色了吗? The boy picked up a stick and started to write on the ground with it. (to indicate the means or instrument) 小男孩捡起小木棍开始用它在地上写起字来。 I want to congratulate you with all my heart. (to indicate manner) 我真心祝贺你。 The teacher should ask the students if they still have some difficulty in understanding and using these phrases or sentence patterns. If so, give more explanations at the request of the students. If not, ask the students to choose at least ten of these words, phrases or sentences to make up a short dialogue or make up a short passage. →Step 5 Homework 1. Read the passage again, and write a summary of this passage ?School life in the UK? in about 100 words. 2. Choose at least ten new words or phrases from the text to make sentences or write a short passage with all of them in it. 3. Preview Word power. 4. Do some exercises about guessing the meanings of the words from the context. Skills in Reading (guess the meanings of the words) A According to the context 1. A calendar is a list of the days, weeks, months of a particular year. Here ?calendar? means_____________. 2. After Sandy put the letter in the envelope, she sealed it and put a stamp on it. Here ?sealed? means_____________. A. 封口 B. 签字 C. 拆封 D. 投送 3. Since I have finished my paper now, I am going to give myself a treat tonight. I am going to watch a movie on campus, an action movie called ?Face Off?. The underlined words ?a treat? here means_____________. A. an action movie B. something pleasant to enjoy C. a rest D. something nice to eat 4. Some ships carried cargo such as rice, wood, machines, but others carried only passengers. Here ?cargo? means_____________. A. 军队 B. 工业品 C. 农产品 D. 货物 5. The old woman was strange, for she kept over 100 cats in her house. The villagers all

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

called her an eccentric lady. Here ?eccentric? means_____________. A. hardworking B. kind C. lonely D. unusual 6. Her voice was usually soft and sweet, but now it is hoarse. Here ?hoarse? means_____________. A. 动听的 B. 嘶哑的 C. 细的 D. 高声的 7. A serious threat (威胁) to farmers in many parts of the world is erosion. Erosion takes place if too many trees are cut down on a land. The rain and the wind may wash away and blow away the topsoil. The plants become weaker and weaker until nothing grows well. If erosion goes on, a good land will turn into a desert. Here ?erosion? means_____________. A. 过量伐木 B. 庄稼丰收 C. 过量使用土地 D. 水土流失 8. He was one of 80 middle school students from China in a month-long ?Youth Summit?. The summit was to mark the 25th anniversary (周年) of President Nixon?s journey to China, which was the turning point in China-U. S. relation. The Youth Summit was aimed at increasing understanding and friendship between young students of the two countries through visits and discussions. Here ?Youth Summit? means_____________. A. a visit to the Nixon Library B. the Chinese students visit the U. S. C. a meeting discussing relations between the China and the U. S. D. activities to strengthen the ties between the Chinese and American students 9. Then of course there are times for the children to make a name and make a little money in some big show. Some stage schools give their children too much professional work at such a young age. But the law is very tight on the amount they can do. Those under 13 are limited to 40 days in the year; those over 13 do 80 days. ?Professional work? as used in the text means_____________. A. school work B. money-making performances C. stage training at school D. acting, singing or dancing after classes 10. What makes it rain? Rain falls from clouds for the same reason as anything falls to earth. The earth?s gravity pulls it. But every cloud is made of tiny water drops or ice crystals (晶体). Why doesn?t rain or snow fall constantly from all clouds? The tiny drops or ice crystals in clouds are very small. The effect of gravity on them is minute (微小). Air currents move and lift tiny

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

drops so that the net downward displacement (位移)is zero, even though the tiny drops are in constant motion. The word motion is closest in meaning to_____________. A. wind B. movement C. falling down D. action B According to the word formation: derivation/composition/conversion 11. I?d like to book a ticket for a non-stop train from London to Paris. 12. We tried to discourage him from climbing the mountain without a guide. 13. Australia exports a lot of woolen goods every year. 14. Have you ever attended one of the lectures from the ex-president? 15. Would you please help me to sharpen the pencil? 16. Li Yang has tried to popularize a new method of learning English. 17. The education system rather than the teachers is to be responsible for the overburden on the students. 18. The Internet is becoming increasingly popular and a new high-speed broadband network was recently started. 19. In order to catch the train in time, he shouldered his way through a crowd. 20. You should screen your camera from direct sunlight. Suggested answers: 1. 日历 2. A 3. B 4. D 5. D 6. B 7. D 8. D 9. B 10. B 11. 直达的 12. 阻止 13. 出口 14. 前任总统 15. 削尖 16. 普及 17. 过重的负担 18. 宽带 19. 挤出一条路 20. 遮住 板书设计 Reading strategy Brainstorming Listening Structure

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

课时:

Period 3 Word power

三维目标 1. Enable the students to learn the words and expressions about school facilities. 2. Help the students learn how to master the words and expressions about school facilities and equipment in the gym. 重点难点 This period is dealing with the words and expressions about school facilities with the help of some activities. The students should be able to use these words and sentence patterns freely to talk about school facilities and have a good sense of direction, so that the students will be able to tell how to go to a certain place without difficulty if they have got the chance to go to an English-speaking country. Also, they will be able to tell a foreigner how to find his or her way if they want to. 教学方法 Discussion in pairs or in groups. Students-involved class activities. 教具准备 A tape recorder and a multimedia classroom. 课前准备 Before the class, ask the students to work in groups to draw a map of their school in Chinese

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

or in English if they can. They can use the map on page six as a guide. Of course, the Chinese maps should be put into English during this period. 教学过程 →Step 1 Greetings and deal with homework Check the homework exercises. →Step 2 Lead in Vocabulary of this period is about facilities at school, therefore, teachers can begin this class with something they are familiar with in their daily lives. 1. Teachers can ask the students the following questions: Did you get to our school by yourselves or with your parents? Did you have any difficulty finding our school? How did you get to our school? Describe your trip to our school at the beginning of this term/on the first day of this term. After you arrived at our school, can you get to each building without difficulty? Why or why not? Who helped you find your dormitory? If you lost your way, what would you do? If you were asked how to get to a certain place, how would you show him or her the way? 2. Present the expressions or sentence patterns to ask the way if possible. 3. Sample answers: Go straight ahead and you will find the teaching building. Turn left at the first crossing and you will get to the teaching building. Go down this road and turn left at the second corner, and then you will find the teaching building. Go three blocks west and you can?t miss the high school. Turn right at the traffic light and go 50 meters ahead. If you don?t know the way, you can say: Sorry, I?m a stranger here myself. ... Expressions to show the way: 1)Walk towards/past. . . /and then walk between. . and. . . You will find. . . at the end of the road. 2)Turn left/right, and walk straight/right/directly on. 3)Take the second turning on the right. /Turn left at the second turning. 4)At the end of the first/second crossing, you will find it on your right/left. You can?t miss it. 5)Take No. 5 bus and get off at the second bus stop. It?s about half an hour?s walk/drive. →Step 3 Read a map After the warming up exercises, we will come to the topic of this period. It is to read a map and think about the route to a certain place on the map. The students are supposed to tell the right direction and describe how to get there. Meanwhile, they should be able to name the school buildings in English. If they are devoted to the exercise, they will learn some names of the school buildings by heart as these building are the ones they can find in their high school too. To start the exercise, firstly, we can ask the students to read the thoughts of Wei Hua on page

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

6 and try to act it out on the map below. Secondly, we can read the thoughts to the students and ask them to “walk” on the map meanwhile. Thirdly, we can ask one of the students to read the thoughts and ask another one of them to come to the blackboard and act out Wei Hua?s thoughts. After several practice, the students are able to name some of the buildings in English. Then we can ask them to finish part B on page 6. First, we can ask the students to draw a route for Wei Hua and ask one of them to present it on the blackboard. Show the route on the map. Then, teachers can give the students several minutes to prepare for the description. They can be divided into several groups and talk about the route in groups. The students will be in the front before the map to present their work. One sample answer: Now I?m at the door of the canteen. First I should turn right, walk to the first crossing and turn left. After that, I have to walk straight on to the end of the road, get the book I want in the dormitory. Then I can return from the same way to the canteen, walk on until the end of the road and classroom four is on my left. →Step 4 Consolidation To strengthen the memory of the words and sense of direction, we can give the students more practice. Ask the students to take out the maps they prepared before class. Let them discuss the map and put their maps into English first. One sample map

Practice one On the first day you come to school, you want to get some hot water in the water room. You are at the gate of the dormitory. You ask a schoolmate for help. Make up a dialogue with your partner. One acts as your schoolmate, who knows the way. One sample answer: You: Excuse me, pal. I?m a new student here, and I?m not so familiar with the school buildings. Schoolmate (S for short): What do you think I can do for you? You: I want to go to the water room to get some hot water. But I don?t know how I can get there. S: It?s easy. Now we are at the gate of the dormitory. And the room is just in the south of the dormitory beside the store.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

You: But where is the store? S: Go down the road in front of our dormitory and turn left at the first crossing and you will find the store on your left. The water room is next to it. You: Thank you so much. S: My pleasure. Practice two Suppose you were Li Hua, and your classmate Yu Fang in your middle school wants to visit you this Saturday. You live in Room 302 of building 15. Write a letter and tell him/her how to get to your room. One sample answer: Dear Yu Fang, Nice to hear from you again. I?m looking forward to your visit this Saturday. I?m writing this time to tell you how to get to my dormitory, so that you will have no difficulty finding my room here. After you come to the gate of our school, you will find the Science and Technology building on your left, and on your right are the classroom buildings. Between these two buildings there is a road, and please go along the road until the first crossing, where there is the clock tower. Turn left at the first crossing. Go down the road near the river. After you get to the bridge, you will find the canteen in front of you. Turn right there. Go down the road again and you can?t miss the two dormitories on each side of the road, of which the one on your left is the boy?s dormitory, while the one on your right is the girl?s . Don?t go into the wrong building. I?m living in Room 302 of building 15. I think you can?t miss it. Looking forward to seeing you again. Yours, Li Hua →Step 5 Practice After all these exercises, the students are familiar with the words and expressions about school facilities. Here are some exercises for the students to practice these words. 1. Ask the students to finish part C on page seven. 2. Suppose you were the member of the Students? Office in the school. You are to write a poster for the union to introduce the new comers to the school. Please write a similar introduction of your school to the one you read on page 7. →Step 6 Equipment in the gym This step will get the students to know some English words of equipment in a gym. These pieces of equipment also has something to do with the coming Olympic Games. So it is interesting to the students, and they will be willing to learn these words in English. To master these words the best way is learning during doing or experiencing. If possible, the teacher can lead the students to the gym in the school and learn the names of the equipment when exercising on them. Practice one Ask the students to finish part D on page 7. One sample answer: 1. climbing bars 攀登架 2. rings? 吊环 3. dumb-bell? 哑铃 4. beam? 平衡木

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

5. skipping rope? 6. basketball court? 7. barbell? 8. mat?

跳绳 篮球场 杠铃 垫子

板书设计 expressions or sentence patterns to ask the way expressions or sentence patterns to show the ... way ...

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

课时:

Periods 4-5 Grammar and usage 整体设计

三维目标 1. To give a brief introduction to attributive clauses. 2. To make the students get familiar with attributive clauses and get them to know some more usages of relative pronouns. 重点难点 The basic usage of the relative pronouns and learn to use them in different situations. 教学方法 1. Discussion in pairs or in groups. 2. Task-based in-class activities. 3. Explanations of some rules of the attributive clause. 教具准备 A multimedia room. 课前准备 1. Ask the students to think about how to describe thing or a person. That is to say, if we want to modify them, what will we use? The teacher can ask the students to list some examples. 2. Ask the students to go over the sentence structures and to tell the different functions of each word in the sentence. 教学过程 →Step 1 Lead-in The students will learn that an attributive clause is used to modify a noun and is usually put after the noun. They will also learn the different functions of relative pronouns or relative adverbs used in attributive clauses. Ask the students to recall what can be used to modify a noun in English. Write the following phrases on the blackboard: a happy moment blue sky a girl student? bus station a monkey in the tree? the article about your experience in the UK Point out a noun, an adjective or the prepositional phrases can be used to modify a noun. Summarize the rule of the order in these examples. We put adjectives or nouns before nouns to modify them while we put prepositional phrases after nouns to modify them. An example on the blackboard Adjective: the green team Prepositional phrase: the team in green Attributive clause: the team who are wearing green. Point out that the last sentence is an attributive clause. That means a sentence is used to modify a noun. The nouns they modify are called antecedents. Write the following words on the blackboard. Attributive clause? antecedent →Step 2 Introduction to attributive clauses Give some examples of attributive clauses on the blackboard. 1. The girl who/that is standing next to our teacher is her daughter.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

2. The girl whom/who/that my mother is talking to is my classmate. 3. The girl whose name is Rose sits next to me. 4. I can?t find the book which/that is borrowed from you. 5. I can?t find the book which/that you lent to me. 6. I can?t find the book whose cover/the cover of which is red. Ask the students to find out antecedents, relative pronouns and functions of the relative pronoun and fill in the form below. Example Antecedent Attributive clause Function of the relative pronoun 1 the girl who/that is standing next to our subject teacher 2 the girl (whom/who/that)my mother is talking object to 3 the girl whose name is Rose possessive 4 the book which/that is borrowed from you subject 5 the book (which/that) you lent to me object possessive 6 the book whose cover/the cover of which Tell the students that the noun or the antecedent usually refers to a person/people or a thing/things, for example a story, a cake, books and so on. We use which/that as a relative pronoun to refer to things, while we use who/whom/that as a relative pronoun to refer to people. Which/that is used as the subject or object in the attributive clause. Who/that is used as the subject in the attributive clause and whom/who/that is used as the object in the attribute clause. And they will know when which, that, whom, who can be left out if it refers to an object in the attributive clause. →Step 3 Practice Show the following sentences on the blackboard. 1. I don?t know the man. The man wrote the article. 2. The paintings are being displayed in the assembly hall. David donated the paintings to the school. 3. She has a brother. I can?t remember his name. 4. You made a cake yesterday. It was delicious. 5. The river flows to the sea. The banks of the river are covered with trees. 6. Do you know the girl? The headmaster is talking to her. Ask the student to combine the two sentences together using attributive clauses. Sample answers. 1. I don?t know the man who/that wrote the article. 2. The paintings (which/that) David donated to the school is being displayed in the assembly hall. 3. She has a brother whose name I can?t remember. 4. The cake (which/that) you made yesterday was delicious. 5. The river whose banks/the banks of which are covered with trees flows to the sea. 6. Do you know the girl (who/whom/that) the headmaster is talking to? Note 1: Sometimes the antecedent can be a pronoun, such as ?someone somebody, everybody, no one, nobody, something, anything, everything, nothing, all, those?, etc.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Here are some examples: 1. Everyone who/that knows him thinks highly of him. 2. Nobody that/who has been there will forget the beauty of the place. 3. All that must be done has been done. 4. I want to find someone who/that can speak Japanese. Note 2: If the antecedent is an infinitive pronoun, ?all, few, little, much, something, nothing, anything?, etc. , the best relative pronoun is that. Examples: 1. All that we have to do is to practice speaking English. 2. Some parents are willing to do anything that their children ask them to. Note 3: If the antecedent is modified by ?all, any, every, each, few, little, no, some? etc. , the best relative pronoun is that. Examples: I?ve eaten all the food that was given to me. Note 4: If the antecedent is modified by ?the only, the very, just?, it is better to use that as the relative pronoun. He is the very man that helped the girl out of the water. Note 5: If the antecedent is modified by ?the first, the second, the last or the best? etc. , you?d better use ?that? as the relative pronoun. The first English book that I read was “The Prince and the Pauper” by Mark Twin. Note 6: If the antecedents refer to people and things, it is better to use ?that? as the relative pronoun. He talked about the teachers and schools that he had visited. Exercises: 1. All_____________ is needed is a supply of oil. (that) 2. Finally, the thief handed everything_____________ he had stolen to the police. (that) 3. This is the most interesting film_____________ I have ever seen. (that) →Step 4 Consolidation 1. Read the article from a UK school newspaper on page 9. Underline the attributive clauses the students can find in the article. 2. Point out the relative pronoun in each sentence and the functions of them in the attributive clauses. →Step 5 Homework 1. Do Part C1 on page 88. 2. Preview the relative pronouns. 3. Do some exercises about the attributive clause. 板书设计

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

课时:

Periods 6-7 Task 整体设计

教材分析 The purpose of this teaching period is to train the students? listening ability, speaking ability and writing ability, as well as reading ability. What?s more, students can also learn the practical ability to know how to report activities. This section consists of a series of activities, which provide students with opportunities to practice their language skills of listening, reading, speaking and writing. It is made up of three kinds of skill building, including understanding a program, comparing information and writing a notice. Besides, there is also a skill building activity in each step. Through the three steps, students will learn to solve a practical problem in their daily life, that is, how to talk about school activities and how to write a notice about a school activity. Teachers can also divide the task into three parts for three teaching periods according to the students? ability. In the first period, teachers can focus on listening skill to let students learn how to complete a timetable for a school program. In the second period, the teaching important point is to

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

train the students? speaking ability to enable the students to make decisions by comparing information. In the third teaching period, teachers are advised to put an emphasis on training writing ability. The teaching important and difficult point is to help the students learn how to write a notice. If the students have a high level, teachers are advised to spend one teaching period finishing the task. If necessary, teachers can prepare more listening materials to reach the goal to improve students? listening ability. As to speaking ability, teachers had better encourage all students to take part in class-activities. While preparing topics or situations, try to choose the ones that students are interested in and ensure every student to have a chance to speak and discuss. 三维目标 1. To help the students to learn about something on how to start a new school club. 2. To help the students learn the skills of reading a program and of getting information by comparison. 3. To help the students learn how to write a notice. 4. To help the students learn how to start a new school club and design a poster for it. 重点难点 1. To know how to master the skills of reading a program and how to pick out the useful information by comparing it. 2. To know how to write a notice. 3. To learn how to start a new school club and design a poster for it. 4. To know how to get on well with high school life/study. 5. To ensure every student to have a chance to express himself/herself. 教学方法 Listening to the tape and answering some questions. Discussion in pairs or in groups. Task-based in-class activities. Explanation of some language points. 教具准备 A tape recorder and the multimedia. 课前准备 1. Encourage the students to go to the library or surf the Internet to get some information about school activities in China and some foreign countries. If possible, the students can also be divided into several groups to get some information about high school activities in different countries as they like. 2. Before class, ask the students to go over how to use a relative pronoun properly. 教学过程 →Step 1 Greeting While greeting, teachers can intend to use some expressions with attributive clauses. Teachers can also encourage the students to answer some everyday English with attributive clauses. →Step 2 Revision Check the homework and review the usage of relative pronouns. The important teaching aim of last teaching period is to know how to use a relative pronoun properly. Let the students recall the definition of a relative clause. A relative pronoun is a word used to replace a noun or a noun phrase and introduces a relative clause referring to the antecedent. The relative pronouns of

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

English are: who, whom, whose, which, and that. After that, ask the students to finish the following exercises. Translate the following sentences into English: 1. 站在那里的那个高个子是我的兄弟。 2. 遇到一位我上个星期见过的女士。 3. 就是与他一起工作的女孩。 4. 布鲁斯向火堆赶去, 火正在冒烟。 5. 我不喜欢她跟她母亲说话的方式。 6. 这就是几周来他们反复讨论的那个问题。 7. 同他一起工作的人都觉得他有点怪。 8. 我们必须做的是练习英语。 9. 他是我唯一想讲话的人。 10. 他们谈论他们遇见的人和事。 Suggested answers to the translation: 1. The tall man who is standing over there is my brother. 2. I have just met a lady (whom) I saw last week. 3. This is the girl with whom he worked. (whom 不可省) 4. Bruce went towards the fire, which was still smoking. 5. I don?t like the way (in which/that) she talks to her mother. 6. This is the question about which they have so much discussion in the past few weeks. 7. The people with whom he worked thought he was a bit strange. 8. All that we have to do is practice English. 9. He is the only person that I want to talk with. 10. They talked about persons and things that they met. →Step 3 Lead-in Activity 1 Brainstorming Let the students say anything about what they have known about school activities.

Activity 2 Answering questions Teachers may ask the students some questions about school activities, for example: 1. What kind of school activities do they like best? 2. What can they learn from school activities? 3. What school activity program would they like to work out? 4. What may be the purpose of making a school activity program? →Step 4 Understanding a program Activity 1 Reading Ask the students to read skills building 1 on page 12 to know about the following questions: 1. What is a programme? 2. What is a programme made up of? Teachers can ask the students to scan the page and find the answers to the two questions above.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Then check the answers. Suggested answers: 1. A programme is a plan of activities to be done or things to be achieved. 2. A programme includes date, day, time, venue, event/activity. Activity 2 Learning some short forms Teachers can ask some students to write down the names of months and the seven days of a week on the blackboard. Then ask the students how to write them in short forms in order to save time. If students have some difficulty, teachers should help them to know their abbreviations. Sample answers: Months: January, February, March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December Short forms: Jan. , Feb. , Mar. , Apr. , May, Jun. , Jul. , Aug. , Sep. , Oct. , Nov. , Dec. Seven days of a week: Mon. , Tue. , Wed. , Thu. , Fri. , Sat. , Sun. Students should also be told about how to write down time in short forms. Time can be presented in several ways: For example, 8 a. m. /08: 00 6: 35p. m. /18: 35 In order to know about whether students have understood them, teachers take some measures to test them. For example, teachers read the following time fast and ask them to write them down. Date: 1st January—1st/1 Jan Day: Sunday—Sun. Time: 9 in the morning—9 a. m. /09. 00 4 in the afternoon—4 p. m. /16. 00 Activity 3 Venue Let the students know what the word “venue” means. Sample answer: “Venue” refers to the place where events or activities take place. For example: assembly hall, meeting room, 3rd Floor, Park Hotel and so on. Activity 4 Event Ask the students to learn what event means. Sample answer: Events or activities are the most important part of a programme. For example, Event/activity: a speech on Chinese history/art festival. . . Activity 5 Listening Ask the students to listen to the tape and finish the timetable. A famous scientist will come to our city and visit some high schools. Listen to his talk and complete his program below: (page 12) Date Day Time Venue Activity or event Give a talk Mon Datong High School

Play the tape for the students to follow, and after the first listening, ask some students to tell the class what information they have got. Check the answers by listening once more. Complete the timetable. Sample answers: Date Day Time Venue Activity or event

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

21st Oct. 22nd Oct. 23rd Oct.

Mon Tue Wed

9: 30 a. m. 12: 45 p. m. 6: 00 p. m.

Datong High School Guanghu High School

Give a talk Attend an important school assembly Go to the school Xuangming High School concert

Activity 6 completing a timetable for a school programme Ask the students to read the instructions and timetable. In order to reduce the difficulty, ask the students to know about what they are going to listen to. Teachers may tell them the following: Next we will hear a talk given by the headmaster about a school program. First, read the guidelines and the timetable to get a general idea about the talk. Then ask the students to listen to the tape and complete the timetable on their own. Later, check their answers. Tape script: Headmaster: Next month we are going to have several talks. We have invited eight people with different jobs to give us talks on different subjects. Each class can choose up to five talks according to your class timetable. Monitors, you have to make sure you understand when and where each talk is to be given. You also have to be sure about the subjects and who the speakers are, and then report to your class teacher and classmates. First of all, we have a famous writer coming on Friday, the eighth of October. He is going to talk about how to read a novel. The talk will be held in Room Two-oh-one, Building Four, beginning at one twenty in the afternoon. At two fifteen on Monday afternoon, the eleventh of October, a fireman is going to talk about fire prevention, in Room Five-oh-three, Building Three. A student from the USA is going to talk about school life in the USA on Wednesday, the thirteenth of October. The talk will be held at three p. m. We have invited. . . Monitor 1: Excuse me, Mr Liu, where is the talk about school life in the USA going to be held? Headmaster: Oh, yes. It will be held in Room Four-oh-four, Building One. Monitor 1: Thank you. Headmaster: OK. On Tuesday, the nineteenth of October, we have invited a scientist to talk about outer space in Room One-oh-four, Building Two, at eight o?clock in the morning. Monitor 2: That will be interesting. Headmaster: I?m glad you like that idea. Now, let?s carry on. A doctor is going to talk about fighting AIDS at half past two in the afternoon on Thursday, the twenty-first of October, in Room Three-oh-six, Building Four. A newspaper reporter from Football Weekly is going to talk about famous football players, at one twenty p. m. on Friday, the twenty-second of October, in Room Two-oh-four, Building Three. Monitor 3: Is it about football players in China? Headmaster: Not only that. It is about football players around the world. Monitor 3: Great! Headmaster: Now let?s go on. A policeman is going to talk about traffic signs at ten past ten on the morning of Wednesday, the twenty-seventh of October, in Room Four-oh-one, Building Two. Now the last talk. The subject is Australian Pop songs. It will be given by a famous singer at ten a. m. on Friday, the twenty-ninth of October, in Room Three-oh-three, building Four. Is everything clear?

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Monitors: Yes! Sample answers: Date Day 8th Oct Fri 11th Oct 13th Oct 19th Oct 21st Oct 22nd Oct Mon Wed Tue Thu Fri

Time 1: 20 p. m. 2: 15 p. m. 3 p. m. 8 a. m. 2: 30 p. m. 1: 20 p. m.

Venue Room 201, Building 4 Room 503, Building 3 Room 404, Building 1 Room 105, Building 2 Room 306, Building 2 Room 204, Building 3 Room 401, Building 2 Room 303, Building 4

Subject How to read a novel Five prevention School life in the USA Outer space Fighting AIDS Famous Football Players Traffic signs Australian Pop Songs

Speaker Famous writer Fireman USA student Scientist Doctor Newspaper reporter Policeman Famous singer

27th Oct 29th Oct

Wed Fri

10: 10 a. m. 10 a. m.

Activity 7 Completing a note sheet Ask the students to read the instructions on page 92 and listen to the tape to complete the exercises. Before listening, teachers should let the students scan it to know about the main idea about the listening material. Teachers may introduce it as follows: In the recent years, many countries have opened their doors to Chinese students, and therefore a great many students have decided to go abroad to study. In the past, overseas Chinese students used to study for a bachelor or a higher degree, but nowadays many senior school students who haven?t finished their study yet are choosing to go abroad, which means young teenagers are now joining in those marching their way towards a new world outside China. Keling is one of them. Now read the guideline on page 92. Then listen to the tape and complete the note sheet. Then ask the students to listen to the telephone conversation between Keling and her dad and complete the notes. →Step 5 Compare information Activity 1 Lead-in Here students are taught how to compare information before they make decisions. Teachers may start this part like this: In our daily life, we often have to make many choices. Then let students consider the following question: How can we make a good decision when there are several choices ahead of you? Sample answer: We often make decisions by comparing information. Comparing information is necessary and important before making a right and appropriate decision. To make comparisons

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

is to find out the similarities and differences between the two things. There are two main points you should note when making comparisons: Two important points: 1. Read all the information carefully. 2. Make as many comparisons as possible. ? Activity 2 Practice In order to make sure that the students know how to make comparisons, teachers can give an example. To make comparisons, we should know what the purpose is, what to compare and how to compare. Ask the students to read the e-mail David Brown wrote to Yang Yan as fast as possible and find out what the main idea of the e-mail is. Sample answer: In his e-mail, David Brown asks Yang Yan to find out the ISBN of a history book, part of which he had read when he visited her, in her school library. He can?t remember the exact ISBN of the book but only some vague information of it. After that, ask the students to find out such vague information of the book and compare them. Then ask them to fill in the form after reading the email: Title Author Year Price Sample answer: Title with the word Dynasties Author a famous professor Year after 2000 having the figure 8 Price Answer: 7-8976-9374-8/K Activity 3 Writing The purpose of this step is to let students write a reply. Students have made a right decision by comparing the information. Now write back to David Brown for Yang Yan. When writing, please pay attention to the pattern of an e-mail. A sample e-mail: Dear David Brown, I am very glad to receive your e-mail. According to the information you provide about history book, I have found it out for you. I have found there are seven books in the library about Chinese history. But only four of them include “Dynasties” in the title. On the back covers of them, I saw their prices and there were three of them left. Then in accordance with author and year, I found it out finally. Its ISBN is 7-8976-9374-8/K. You can order a copy of it soon. Best wishes. Yang Yan Activity 4 Speaking Reporting to your class teacher First, ask the students to read the guidelines in Part A, and point out what classes they can skip to attend the talks. Second, ask the students to compare the timetable with the one on page 13,

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

so they can find the talks that they can attend. Later ask the students to make a dialogue with their partner. One plays the role of class teacher, and the other as monitor. Sample answers: Talks that we can attend: 1 five prevention; 2 Outer space; 3 School life in the USA; 4 Fighting AIDS; 5 Australian Pop songs. Third, ask the students to read the guidelines in Part B on page 15 and work in pairs talking about the talks according to the programme timetable on page 13 and the notes in Part A. →Step 6 Writing a notice Activity 1 Lead-in Since students have understood how to make a choice by comparison and how to make a school activity program, it is time to lead in how to write a notice. Teachers can start it with the following question: When our school has some activities to tell all the students, which means do you think can be used? Activity 2 Understanding a notice To inform others, one of the ways is to put on notices. Then do you know what a notice is? How to write a notice? Now read the guidelines on page 16 and find out. 1. What is a notice? 2. What should be mentioned in a notice? Sample answers: 1. A notice is a piece of paper, which gives written or printed information before something is going to happen. It is usually put in a public place. 2. When you are writing a notice, you should make the following clear and attractive: time, dates, events, person that issues it, etc. Or: When? Where? Who? What? etc. Activity 3 Reading Read “READER NOTICE”. Try to underline the important information. The important information: Event: Time: Reason: When to reopen: The new opening hours: Public holidays: Person that gives the notice Sample answers: The important information: Event: library closed Time: 16th to 18th Nov. next Wed, Thu, and Fri. Reason: The sports meeting will be held. When to reopen: Sat. (19th. Nov) The new opening hours: Mon-Fri: 8 a. m. -6 p. m. Sat &Sun: 10 a. m. -5 p. m.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Public holidays: closed Person that gives the notice: Zhong Shengxiao Activity 4 Writing After the students know about the important information of a notice, which must be contained, it is time for teachers to ask students to make a notice by asking the following question: “What should we do to make a notice attractive? ” Give the students enough time to discuss the question, and then ask them to share their opinions with others. In the end, teachers can draw a conclusion. For example, the notice should be written in big and color letters, or use one or two beautiful pictures or photos, we can also make our notice attractive by using some interesting expressions. In the end, teachers ask the students to write a notice to inform your classmates of the school activities. At that time, teachers had better emphasize the following points while writing a notice: 1. Include all the important information. 2. Make sure it is clear and attractive. Teachers may start like this: In order to inform your classmates of the five talks you can attend next month. (refer to page 15), please write a notice to attract students to attend these activities. Begin with: I am happy to inform you that _________________________________. Sample: Notice Talks in October I am happy to inform you that in October we are going to attend five interesting talks. I think we will learn a lot of information. Read the following to get the detailed information about the five talks. Date 8th Oct 11th Oct 13th Oct 19th Oct 21st Oct 22nd Oct Day Fri Mon Wed Tue Thu Fri Time 1: 20 p. m. 2: 15 p. m. 3 p. m. 8 a. m. 2: 30 p. m. 1: 20 p. m. Venue Room 201, Building 4 Room 503, Building 3 Room 404, Building 1 Room 105, Building 2 Room 306, Building 2 Room 204, Building 3 Room 401, Building 2 Room 303, Building 4 Subject How to read a novel Five prevention School life in the USA Outer space Fighting AIDS Famous Football Players Traffic signs Australian Pop Songs Speaker Famous writer Fireman USA student Scientist Doctor Newspaper reporter Policeman Famous singer

27th Oct 29th Oct

Wed Fri

10: 10 a. m. 10 a. m.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

→Step 7 Language points 1. inform sb. of/about sth. If you saw the accident, please inform the police. 如果你目击了事故,请报警。 I wasn?t informed of the decision until too late. 我很迟才得到了决定。 inform+that 从句 I informed him that I would not be able to attend. 我通知他我不能去了。 类似的用法还有: warn sb. of sth. rob sb. of sth. deprive sb. of sth. cheat sb. of sth. ?cure sb. of sth. ?remind sb. of sth. keep sb. well informed of/about. . . 使某人保持对……的消息灵通 a well-informed person 消息灵通人士 The headmistress informed us that the school would be closed for one day next week. 女校长告诉我们下星期学校将停一天课。 The sales manager asked his men to inform him of everything concerning the sales in time. 销售部经理让他手下的人把关于销售量的情况及时报告他。 . . . be informed of 听说; 接到……的通知 inform against/on/upon sb. 告发, 检举某人 2. regret 1)?v. ? 遗憾; 抱歉 I regret spending so much money on a car. 我后悔在一辆小汽车上花这么多钱。 I regret to say I cannot come. 很抱歉, 我不能来了。 2)?n. ? 悔恨; 痛惜 He told me with regret that he could not come to the party. 他很抱歉地对我说他不能来参加这个聚会了。 have no regrets 没有遗憾 3. word ?n. ? 1)词, 单词; 话, 言语 Not all women like the word Ms. 并非所有的女性都喜欢 Ms. 这个词。 Words failed me. 我激动得讲不出话来。 Tell me in your own words. 用你自己的话告诉我。 Can I have a word with you? 我能和你说几句话吗? 2)消息 No word has come from the battle front. 前线还没有消息传来。

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

3)承诺 I give you my word that I will return. 我向你保证我会回来的。 The boy kept his word. 那孩子信守诺言。 eat one?s words 承认说错了话 have words 吵嘴; 争论 in other words 换句话说 In other words, when the wind is blowing at 120 kilometers per hour, most waves will be about twelve meters. 换句话说, 当风速为每小时 120 千米时大部分波浪高约为 12 米。 4. cover 1)?vt. ?( 常与 with 连用)盖; 覆盖 She covered the table with a cloth. 她用一块布把桌子罩起来。 2)?vt. ? 占(时间或空间) The town covers 5 square miles. 小镇占地 5 平方英里。 3)?vt. ? 行过(路程); 通过 I want to cover 100 miles by dark. 我想在天黑之前走完 100 英里。 4)?vt?. 报导; 对……进行新闻采访 cover a fire for a newspaper 为报纸采访失火的新闻 5)? vt. ? 包括; 包含; 论及 The review covered everything we learned last term. 这次复习包括上学期我们所学的全部课程。 6)?n. ? 遮盖物;盖子; 罩子(图书、杂志的)封面 The book had a blue cover. 这本书有一个蓝色的封面。 5. turn 1)?vt. ? 旋转, 转动 She turned left at the end of the road. 她在路的尽头向左拐。 Nobody can turn back the wheel of history. 任何人都无法使历史车轮倒转。 2)?vt. ? 使……变成 She turned her house into a shop. 她把房子改成了商店。 3)?n. ? 转变; 时机; 机会 at the turn of the century 世纪之交 You have missed your turn. 你错过了机会。 turn down 减弱, 降低, 压低(力量、声音等); 拒绝, 不接受 Please turn the television down a bit.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

请把电视机音量关小点。 turn in 归还 turn on 打开(煤气、自来水、电灯等) turn out 生产; 出产; (常与 to, that 连用)结果 We are to turn out 100 000 586 computers next year to meet the market requirements. 我们计划明年生产十万台 586 计算机以满足市场需要。 Things turned out to be exactly as the professor had foreseen. 事情正如教授所预见的那样。 The plan turned out a failure. 这项计划结果归于失败。 turn to 向……求助; 求得安慰 turn up 找到; 发现; 出现; 来临; 露面; 把声音开大; 把力量加大; 发生(意想不到的事) take turns 轮流地, 交替地 in turn 依次地, 轮流地 6. The more choice you have, the better your final decisions will be. The+more, the+more 越……越…… The more angry he became, the more she laughed at him. 他越生气, 她就越笑他。 the more. . . , the less. . . 越……越不…… The more difficult the questions are, the less likely I am to be able to answer them. 问题越困难, 我就越不可能回答。 no more 也不; 都不 He can?t afford a new car, and no more can I. 他买不起新车, 我也买不起。 →Step 8 Summary and homework Today the students have learned three skills: reading a program, comparing information and writing a notice. They are very practical. So today?s homework is to ask the students to learn to write a notice about an activity program and make up a dialogue with their partners about how to ask for way or how to ask for help. Students can choose one of the following topics to write a notice. Design one: Read the following and write a notice. Multi-cultural holiday party Happy Holidays! At this time of year, why not plan a multi-cultural holiday party? Have children research the holiday customs of their family?s heritage country. Depending upon their ages, students may watch a video, read a book or article, research on the internet, or interview family members. Then. . . The day of the party, let them wear clothes, bring in food (labeled with name of the food and the country it represents), bring in music, and play games representing as many of the countries as possible. However you celebrate, have a festive, safe holiday! Or

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Write a notice based on the following information: 由于学校要举行运动会, 原定于 12 月 6 号举行的演讲比赛将被推迟到 12 月 8 号。 请你 代学校办公室写一个通知, 告诉同学们。 板书设计 Brainstorming:

Short forms: Jan. , Feb. , Mar. , Apr. , May, Jun. , Jul. , Aug. , Sep. , Oct. , Nov. , Dec. Seven days of a week: Mon. , Tue. , Wed. , Thu. , Fri. , Sat. , Sun. making comparisons: 1. Read all the information carefully. 2. Make as many comparisons as possible. writing a notice: Include all the important information. Make sure it is clear and attractive.

课时:

Periods 8-9 Project Starting a new school club 教学设计一 整体设计

教材分析 The project in this unit is designed to help students use English through doing a project. The two reading materials about school clubs here are samples for students to learn how to develop after-school activities and form a school club. Students are encouraged to design a poster advertising a new school club. The purpose of this section is to let students use what they have learnt to finish a project by working together. In the course of doing the project, students will discuss what club they?d like to start and what each of them will do. They will search and find some information, do some writing

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

and drawing. In order to make an attractive poster, they are expected to know how to cooperate and how to complete each part of the task. 三维目标 1. Help the students to learn two articles about after-school activities in school. 2. Learn some expressions, especially “as” and “require”. 3. Help the students learn how to start a new school club and design a poster for it. 4. Find out how an activity attracts the students and help the students to learn what preparations to make when they plan to start a new school club. 重点难点 1. To know the importance of arrangement and teamwork in starting a club. 2. To learn how to start a new school club and design a poster for it. 3. To understand the outline of starting a new school club. 4. To ensure every student to have a chance to express himself/herself. 教学方法 Discussion in pairs or in groups. Task-based in-class activities. Explanations of some language points. 教具准备 A tape recorder and the multimedia. 课前准备 Teachers can ask the students to read two passages on pages 90 and 91. The first page is about Josh?s speech with the title “school students wear school uniforms or not? ”. Ask the students to read it fast and to find out the answers to the following questions: 1. Why does Josh feel that it will be good for students to wear a school uniform? 2. What does Josh prefer to wear a cotton shirt and cotton shorts when doing sport? 3. What does Josh think is more important for students to do at school? 4. What does Josh think of some school uniforms? 5. Does Josh think students should always wear school uniforms? 6. What is your opinion about wearing school uniforms? Then ask them to skim it to know the structure of it. As to passage two with the title “My Final Year” on page 91, teachers can also ask the students to read it and answer the following questions: 1. What do the students have to do to get into college in the United States? 2. Why does Sandra think Mrs. Walker is so helpful? 3. Why does Sandra have different classmates for different lessons? 4. Why might students go to school early and leave school late? 5. Besides her school work, what might help Sandra get into a good college? 6. Besides those, ask students to find out the main idea for each paragraph. 教学过程 →Step 1 Greeting and check the homework. Activity 1 Acting out a dialogue At the beginning of this period, teachers can ask some students to act out the dialogues about how to ask the way and how to ask for help. If students have some difficulty, teachers can help them go over the expressions about asking for way.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Activity 2 Reading the notice In the last period, students learned what a notice is and how to write it. And they were asked to write a notice based on the given information. Now, it is time for them to exchange their writings. Teachers can ask some to read or to write on the blackboard to find out how well they have mastered. If there are some mistakes, teachers should be careful enough to correct their mistakes without hurting the students? learning interest. One sample version: STUDENTS NOTICE Speech Contest Canceled Dear students, As the school sports meeting will be held soon, the planned Speech Contest on 8th Dec will be put off till 12th Dec. The School Office Activity 3 Discussion Students have read the two passages before class, so teachers had better check their answers to know whether they have understood them in class. If the students have some problems to deal with, teachers should help them to solve them first. Sample answers to the passage with the title “Should students wear school uniforms or not? ”: 1. Because Josh thinks a school uniform helps the students feel like part of a group. 2. Because she thinks cotton shirts or shorts are comfortable and do not need special care during sports. 3. Josh thinks what students learn at school is more important. 4. She thinks some uniforms look very boring. 5. She doesn?t think students should always wear school uniforms. 6. There are no fixed answers. Give the students freedom to express what they want to. The structure of the speech is as follows: Part 1(Para 1)Presenting the opinion. Part 2 (Para 2-4)Supporting the idea. The first idea: The main concern for students is what they learn at school, not clothes. The second idea: It is convenient to do sports and exercise in school uniforms. The third idea: The students should focus on studies. Part 3 (Para 5)Students do not need to wear uniforms outside school. To the passage with the title “My final year” 1. They have to make sure they have a good average score in the examinations and school work, they have to take special tests called SATs, and they have to fill in a lot of forms and write letters to apply to colleges. 2. Because Mrs. Walker tells them about the colleges and helps them write letters of application. And she often helps stressed students relax. 3. Because Sandra had to attend lessons in many different classrooms with different students. 4. Because they can drive to school and to finish their homework, sometimes they need to stay at school. 5. Playing basketball in the club, going to choir practice and joining other after-school activities might help her get into a good college.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Main ideas for each part: Part 1: Things have to be done before going to college. Part 2: Special counselor. Part 3: Driving to school. Part 4: Different classmates. Part 5: Homework. Part 6: School activities. →Step 2 Lead-in Teachers can ask the students to answer the question: After reading the two articles from two students, what can we learn from them? Sample answers: One of them is Sandra?s article about her school life. From her article, we know that Sandra does many after-school activities, which she thinks might help her go to a better college. This means after-school activities are very important to personal development. Then teachers can continue to ask the following: 1. What after-school activities do you have in your school? 2. Do you like them? Why/Why not? 3. If you could start a new after-school activity to enjoy with your schoolmates, what new activity would you choose? Teachers give the students enough time to discuss the questions above with their partners. Several minutes later, let the students exchanged their different ideas. Later, tell the students we?ll learn how to do after-school activities and how to start a new school club this period. →Step 3 Learning about school clubs Activity 1 Brainstorming In order to let the students know how to start a club for their after-class activities, students should know what a club is? Teachers should encourage them to say anything that they want to express about a club.

Sample answer: A school club is an organization for students who share a particular interest or enjoy similar activities, or a group of students who meet together to do something they are interested in. Activity 2 Listening Ask the students to listen to the recording of the articles on page 18, and then tell if the following statements are “true” of “false”. If it is false, ask the students to correct them; if it is true, let the students repeat it. Before listening, teachers should let the students know what they are going to listen and remind them to pay attention to some details. Teachers had better advise the students to take some notes while listening, if necessary. After listening, teachers should present the statements one by one orally. Or if the students are poor at listening, teachers had better show the statements on the screen

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

or blackboard before they listen. 1. The radio station is run by the principal. 2. The radio station started 2 years ago when CD players were allowed in school. 3. Members of Poets of the Next Generation meet up on the last Friday of every month. 4. Everyone was nice and friendly in the group. They liked the first poem Bob read to them. Activity 3 Reading After knowing what a club is, it is time for the students to read the two passages about clubs to help them to get as much information about what school clubs are like as possible. Teachers may start like this: “Now please read the articles written by two students, which are about school clubs run by students themselves. Read them quickly and find out the answers to fill in the following blanks. Answers Passage A Questions What is the name of the club? Who started it? When was it started? Why was it started? What activities they do? Passage B What is the name of the club? Who started it? When was it started? Why was it started? What activities they do? Sample answer Passage A Questions What is the name of the club? Who started it? When was it started? Why was it started? What activities do they do?

Passage B

What is the name of the club? Who started it? When was it started?

Answers A radio club Kate Jones, the writer Two years ago CD players were not allowed in school 1. 1. Every morning: tell students about the weather and recent news, plus some special messages the teachers want to broadcast 2. During school exams: special programs telling students the things they should or shouldn?t do for preparation 3. At the end of the school year: graduating students use the club to give messages to their close friends and teachers 4. When parents come to visit and talk to the teachers: play songs sung by students, give special messages to inform the parents of events Poets of the Next Generation Our English teacher—Mr. Owen On the last Friday of every month

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Why was it started? What activities do they do?

CD players were not allowed in school talk about poems and poets: first select or write poems, then read them out loud. And listen to each other talking about poems

Activity 4 Self-reading Give the students some time to read and understand the two passages by themselves. If they have some problems, ask them to discuss these problems with their partners or put forward them later to discuss with the whole class. Learning to ask questions while reading is very important for students to develop their reading ability. If necessary, teachers can offer them some help. Activity 5 Filling in blanks Later, fill in the blanks according to the two passages. The radio station in our school is_____________ by the student. Two years ago, I asked the_____________ if music could be played during______________ ____________ . He agreed. We tell students the_____________ and_____________ _____________ , plus some special messages. During___________ _______________ we tell the students what they_____________ or_____________ do for preparation. When parents come, we play songs_____________ by students and_____________ them of_____________, such as_____________ and_____________ _____________ . Our English teacher Mr Owen started the group “____________ ______________ ______________ ____________”. Group members_____________ to talk about_____________ and_____________ that we like. When I_____________ it, I was_____________ to write five poems and_____________ one_____________ to the group. I_____________ every one around a tree before I read. The group said they loved the poem I read. Or teachers can ask the students to retell them according to the two passages. Sample answers: run, headmaster, break time, weather, recent news, exam time, should, shouldn?t, sung, inform, events, outings, school plays, Poets of the Next Generation, meet, poems, poets, attended, required, read, out, circled Activity 6 Interview In order to let the students know more about how to start a club, teachers can ask them to design an interview between a reporter and a member of the two clubs. →Step 4 Discussion After reading the two articles about two different clubs, we?ve got some idea of what school clubs are like. Try to find the answers to the following questions: What a school club should be like? How do these activities clubs attract the students? What after-school activities do you have in your school? Do you like them? Why/Why not? If you could start a new after-school activity to enjoy with your schoolmates, what new activity would you choose? Teachers may start like this: T: After reading the two articles about two different clubs, we?ve got some idea of what school clubs are like. Then tell me what a school club should be like. →Step 5 Practice

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

Ask the students to do Parts B1 and B2 on page 87 in Workbook. Then check the answers. →Step 6 Designing a poster Activity 1 Planning Ask students to work in groups of four. First let them discuss and choose what school club they would like to start in their class or school. Then have the school club they choose approved by their teacher. Divide the tasks among group members. Fill in the blanks in this part. Discuss the tasks listed below and decide which group members will be responsible for what tasks. Research information: ___________________________________________ Make the poster: ___________________________________________ Present the poster: ___________________________________________ Activity 2 Preparing Members responsible for different tasks should make preparations and answer the questions in this part. Then the group can meet, discuss and select from the information which has been found. Members responsible for doing research need to find information from various sources about after-school activities and posters. Activity: What does it do? How does it attract new members? How does it help members achieve their goals? Poster: What does the poster consist of? How does it attract its viewers? Activity 3 Producing Students who are making the poster will draft the poster based on all the ideas from the group?s research and discussion. When the poster is finished, each group member should read it carefully and give suggestions on how to make it more attractive. First Making a draft A sample draft of the poster: WANT TO BE TOP STUDENTS? BETTER HEALTH, TOP STUDENT Want to improve your school life quality? Then welcome to The Healthcare Club. Want to be top students? Join The Healthcare Club! We provide members: Speeches: (Experts? speeches on food and health—every Friday evening) Expert: Better food habits can help you reduce your risk for heart attack. A healthful eating plan means choosing the fight foods to eat and preparing foods in a healthy way. Exercise & Sports Activities: (Various sports activities—every morning and afternoon) Swimming, cycling, jogging, skiing, dancing, walking and dozens of other activities can help you build your health. Helping Hand: (Help you manage your lifestyle—Anywhere and Anytime) We can help you manage your lifestyle to reduce your risk for health problems. Eat a healthy diet, take your medicine exactly as prescribed and follow the recommendations of your team of healthcare professionals. The Healthcare Club will lead you into a better college! Students from Class 288 The Healthcare Club Second Discussion

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

S1: How do you think of the draft? S2: I think the words in the first paragraph should be enlarged. S3: I think we should add some pictures to attract readers? attention. S4: I think the wording in the last sentence might be misunderstood. It?s better to rewrite it like this? The Healthcare Club promises to present a healthy you. S1: And I think the ending should be more clear and we should add the telephone number or email address to it. Third Improving According to the members? opinions, students should make some changes to make it better. In the end, make a final version. FEEL STRESSED AND TIRED? Don?t neglect your health when busy with study! Come to the Health Creation to tune up yourself. You will find yourself better at everything! We provide you: Speeches: (Experts? speeches on food. Diet & psychology—every Friday evening) Expert: Better food habits can help you reduce your risk for health problems. A healthful eating plan means choosing the right foods to eat and preparing foods in a healthy way. Exercise & Sports Activities: (Various sports activities—every morning and afternoon) Swimming, cycling, jogging, skiing, dancing, walking and dozens of other activities call help you build your health. Helping Hand: (Help you enlarge your lifestyle. —Anywhere and Anytime) We can help you manage your lifestyle to reduce your risk for health problems. Eat a healthy diet, take your medicine exactly as prescribed and follow the recommendations of your team of healthcare professionals. The Arena: (Contests and competition—Every month) The Health Creation promises to present a healthy YOU. Don?t hesitate to join in! Students from Class 288 The Health Creation Tel: (010)844288 E-mail: healthcreationclub777@chinaren. com Activity 4 Presenting Each group presents their poster to the whole class by talking about their club. Lastly ask students to display their posters in the classroom and let other students choose which school club they would like to attend. Activity 5 Displaying The poster makers finalize the poster based on the suggestions of the other group members. The entire group approve the poster before they are to present their poster to the class. When everything is OK. What we do next is to put the poster on the school display wall. And be ready to answer any possible questions the viewers may ask. Encourage as many students to sign up as possible. →Step 7 Language Points Activity 1 Learning 1. It is great because it is run by the students for the school.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

它很棒因为它是由学生们为学校而办的。 run ?vi. &vt?. (ran, run, running) 1)跑; 奔 He ran across the road. 他跑过马路。 2)(机器)转动, 运转 This machine is not running correctly. 这台机器运转得不正常。 3)(公共车辆)行驶 The buses run every ten minutes. 公共汽车每 10 分钟一班。 4)流动 The river has run dry. 这条河已经干涸了。 5)经营; 管理 run a school 办一所学校 run about 到处跑 run across 偶然遇到 run after 追逐, 追踪; 追求(女性) run away(常与 from 连用)逃走, 逃脱 run into 碰撞; 遇上, 偶然遇到; 陷于, 碰上(困境、麻烦等) run out of 消耗掉……的供给 ran out of fuel 耗光燃料 2. When I attended the first meeting, I was required to write a poem and I had to read it out to the group. 当我参加第一次聚会时,我被要求写首诗,我不得不把它读给俱乐部成员们听。 require=to demand by right require ?v. ? 1)需要; 作为必需品拥有; 需要 Most plants require sunlight. 大部分植物需要阳光。 2)要求 require sb. to do sth. sth. require doing/to be done require that sb. should do sth. Students are required to attend classes. 学生必须按规定上课。 The floor requires washing. 地板该洗了。 It is required that all the passengers should show the tickets. 所有乘客都必须出示车票。 meet/satisfy one?s requirement(s) 满足某人要求 3. I am lucky as I am one of the hosts. /It was started two years ago as CD player were not allowed in school.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

由于我是其中的一位主持人,我很幸运。由于学校中不允许使用 CD 播放器,两年前成 立的这个俱乐部。 1)as (1)?adv. He runs fast, but I run just as fast. 他跑得快, 但我跑得同样快。 (2)?conj. ① (用于比较)与……一样 He can run as fast as I can. 他能跑得和我一样快。 She works in the same building as my sister. 她和我的妹妹在同一大楼上班。 such animals as cats and dogs 诸如猫、狗之类的动物 ② 当; 正值 He dropped the glass as he stood up. 他站起来时, 把杯子摔了。 (3)?pron. 正如, 照 as you know 正如你知道的 ?prep. 像……(指处于某种状态、 性质、情况、工作等之中) He works as a driver. 他以开汽车为业。 as if(=as though)好像, 好似 She spoke to me as if she knew me. 她和我说话的神情, 好像她早就认识我似的。 as long as(=so long as)只要 You may borrow this book as long as you promise to give it back. 只要你答应归还, 你就可以把这书借走。 as to 关于; 至于 I don?t know anything as to the others. 至于其他, 我一无所知。 4. He approved the idea, . . . 他赞同这个想法,…… approve of 赞成; 满意 approve a plan/bill 批准一个计划/一项法案; approve (doing)sth. 批准(做)某事 approve of sth. /approve of sb. doing sth. 赞同、支持某事/赞同 The committee didn?t approve of the decision. 委员会不赞成这个决定。 My parents don?t approve of me smoking cigarettes. 我的父母不准许我吸烟。 反义词: disapprove 不赞成 名词: approval→disapproval 赞成→反对 5. Our club is much more than just music. 我们的俱乐部活动不仅仅是音乐。

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

more than 不仅仅 ?China Daily? is more than a newspaper, it also helps us with our English studies. 《中国日报》不仅仅是报纸它还帮助我们学习英语。 Hibernation is more than sleep. It is a deep sleep. 冬眠不仅仅是睡眠, 它是深沉的睡眠。 6. It was started two years ago as CD players were not allowed in school. 1)allow ?vt. , vi. ? (1)允许, 准许 Smoking is not allowed here. 此处不准吸烟。 Allow me to introduce Miss Mary. 请允许我介绍一下玛丽小姐。 The government servants aren?t allowed to accept rewards. 公务员不得接受酬谢。 (2)使得以发生 This money allows me to buy a car. 这笔钱可使我买一部小汽车。 (3)给予; 使得到 allowed him £1000 for expenses 给他每年 1000 英镑的开销 2)allow for 考虑; 顾及 We must allow for his inexperience. 我们必须考虑到他缺乏经验。 It takes about two hours to get to their office building, allowing for possible traffic delays. 考虑到路上可能遇到的交通耽搁, 到他们的办公大楼大约要花费两小时。 7. During exam time we have a special programme that tells students the things they should or shouldn?t do for preparation. 考试期间,我们有一个特别的节目,告诉学生们备考时的注意事项。 1)准备; 预备 Working on a part-time basis can prepare them for a future career. 打工为大学生将来的工作作好准备。 Will you help me prepare for the get-together of the old classmates? 你能否帮我为这次老同学聚会作好准备工作? 2)配制; 调制 to prepare a medicine 配药 3)制订; 布置 Who prepared these building plans? 谁制订的这些建筑计划? Prepare to meet your fate. 准备面对命运。 make good preparations 为……作好准备 8. consist of/be made up of be made up of 的主动形式为 make up, 主要用法有: The girls make up one third of the whole class. (占……比例) You should make up for the missing classes as soon as you can. (为……弥补)

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程

The people put on their special costumes and made up for the parade. (化妆) Activity 2 Practice A: Try to know the different meanings of the words in the different sentences. 1. run 1)The dog ran off as soon as we appeared. 2)He will run in the marathon. 3)I?ve spent the whole day running after the kids. 4)He has no idea of how to run a business at all. 5)The college runs summer course for foreign students. 6)The street runs until the bank of the river. 7)The colour of my new pants ran much when put in the water. 2. as 1)As you weren?t there, I left a message. 2)As she?s been ill, perhaps she will need help. 3)As he grew older, he lost interest in everything except gardening. Sample answers: 1. run 1)move fast 2)race 3)hurry 4)manage 5)provide 6)stretch 7)fade 2. as 1)since, because 2)during the time when, while 3)during the time when, while B: Use the correct verb forms to fill in the blanks. 1. All passengers are required_____________(show) their tickets. 2. The friendship requires us_____________(show) trust and loyalty. 3. The regulations require that all students_____________ (attend) at least 90 percent of the lectures. Sample answers: 1. to show 2. to show 3. attend →Step 8 Summary and Homework Students have learnt how to start a club and they have started to design their school activities. After class, encourage them to collect more information to improve them. Teachers may sum up like this: In order to attract as many members as possible to join your club, an attractive and convincing poster is necessary. After class, please improve your posters to make them as perfect as possible. Make a summary of the unit. 板书设计 A school club is an organization for students who share a particular interest or enjoy similar activities, or a group of students who meet together to do something they are interested in.

南通高等师范学校外语系

综合英语课程


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