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Book one UNIT 4 Earthquake


M1 UNIT 4 Earthquake
1. burst into tears / laughter 突然哭了/笑了 burst out crying / laughing 突然哭了/笑了 2. be at an end / put sth to an end 结束 3. be in ruins / fall into ruin 变成废墟 4. be shocked

at sth 对……震惊 5. dig out 挖掘,发掘, 6. a great number of …/ the number of 大量的… /…的数量 7. give off…(light, heat, a smell) 发出(光.热.气味) 8. give out vt.分发 , vi 精疲力竭 9. give in to sth / sb 对……屈服 10. give up doing / sth 放弃 11. give away 赠送 奉送 12. judging from / by sth 从……来判断 13. in honour / honor of …… 为了纪念 14. prepare sth. for sb. 为某人准备某物 be prepared/ ready for 为……作好准备 15. within one’s reach / out of one’s reach 在某人的可及的范围内/外 16. think little of / think nothing of 以为---不重要/ 没什么 17. think / speak highly / well/ much of 高度评价某人 18. as usual 像往常一样 19. be trapped in 被困在……,陷入…… 20. be covered with / by 被……覆盖 21. break out 爆发 22. one third / two thirds of… 三分之一 / 二 23. in the direction of / in every directions / in all directions 朝……的方向/朝四面八方 24. throw sth / sb away … 抛弃…,掷掉 25. raise / collect money for sth / sb 为……筹款 26. shake hands with sb./ shake sb’s hands / shake sb. by the hand 握手 27. natural disasters 自然灾害 28. right away/ at once / in no time / immediately 立刻,马上 29. fresh air / food / water 新鲜空气/新鲜食物/淡水 30. seventy-five percent of the factories 75%的工厂 31. tens of thousands of/ hundreds of thousands of 数以万计的 32. thousands of 成千上万的 33. millions of 几百万的 34. be known as/ be famous as… 作为---而闻名 35. too nervous to eat 焦急得吃不下, 太焦急以至于吃不下 36. be too anxious/ eager/ ready/ willing/ glad to do 非常急切/愿意/高兴做… 37. give off a smelly gas 发出臭的气体 38. instead of 代替,而不是 39. be honored as… 被荣为… 40. be proud of / take pride in 为……而自豪
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41. more than 超过,不仅仅 42. build shelters for survivors 为幸存者搭建避身处 43. coal mines 煤矿 44. organize an evening party/ a team 组织一个晚会/一个小分队 45. rescue sb. from danger 营救某人脱离危险 46. come to one’s rescue/ help 来营救某人 47. destroy a city 毁掉一座城 48. cut off/ cut up= cut sth into pieces 切断供应; 中断 / 切碎 cut across 径直穿过;抄近路穿过,走捷径 cut into sth./ in on sb: 打断,打扰 cut down 砍倒; 坎短; 坎价;减少数量销量开支.. 49. a great/ good number of 许多;大量的 50. the disaster-hit/ earthquake-stricken area 灾区/地震灾区 句型背诵 1. Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed. 人们无论朝哪里看,哪里的一切都几乎被毁坏了。 2. Bricks covered the ground like red autumn leaves. 残砖就像秋天的红叶覆盖着大地。 3. The army organized teams to dig out those (who were) trapped and to bury the dead. 解放军组成小分队,将受困的人们挖出来,将死者掩埋。 4. (To the) north of the city, most of the 10,000 miners were rescued from the coal mines. 在唐山的北边,有一个万名矿工煤矿,其中多数人得救了。 5. In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 农家大院里的鸡,甚至连猪都紧张得不吃食。 6. It seemed that/ as if the world was at an end. 世界似乎到了末日。 It seems / appears / happens +that 从句 “似乎 / 碰巧……” =Sb. / Sth. seems / appears / happens to …. e.g. It seems that we will have a hard time. =We seem to have a hard time. It seems that he has never thought about such a problem. = He seems not to have thought about such a problem. It happened that all of us were working outdoors. = All of us happened to be working outdoors. 7. All hope was not lost. /Not all the hope was lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 8. A huge crack that was eight kilometers long and thirty metres wide cut across houses, roads and canals. 一条 8 公里长 30 米宽的巨大裂缝横穿房舍、马路和渠道。 9. Hard hills of rock became rivers of dirt. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins. 石头山变成了泥沙河。在可怕的十五秒钟内,一座大城市就沉沦在一片废墟之中。 10. Never in its history has the city been so completely destroyed. 历史上这个城市从来没有像现在那样完全被毁。 11. What do you think may happen before an earthquake? (P25) 疑问词+do you think / suppose/ guess/ believe +陈述句语序的句子? e.g. Who do you believe has taken my umbrella? 你认为是谁拿走了我的雨伞? 12. It is better to be safe than sorry. 事后追悔不如事前稳妥。 13. There was no stopping the fires. There was no way to organize or communicate. 不可能阻止大火,没办法组织或交流。

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