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GRE%20核心词汇(5)


4.2
赞美——贬低

1

→ lord applaud

laud 称赞

appreciate

depreciate
欣赏;感激
2

oration 演讲

ovation 鼓掌

/>complement

compliment 称赞,恭维
3

recommend

commend 表扬

altitude

exalt 赞美;晋升
4

collar 授予骑士象征 荣誉的项圈

accolade 推崇;赞扬

ex + tell →

extol 赞美
5

tell out →

tout 极力赞扬

6

贬低

detain

disdain 鄙视
7

disparate 全异的

disparage 蔑视

negro

denigrate 污蔑,诋毁
8

= underrate

underestimate 低估,轻视

abase 贬低,使卑微

debase 贬低,降低
9

underplay 轻描淡写

downplay 贬低,不予重视

“踹跑”

trample 践踏
10

4.2
同意——反对

11

= admit

permit 允许

“读音”

indulgent 放纵的肆意的
12

dorsal fin

endorsement 背书;认可

reprobate 拒绝,谴责

approbate 许可承认
13

abeyance

obey 遵守

insubordinate

subordinate 下属,服从的
14

quiescent 安静的静止的

acquiescent 默许的默认的

dissent 异议

consent 同意,允许
15

反对

anti + agony →

antagonize 对抗
16

f = fuck

defy 蔑视,违抗

intervene

contravene 违背
17

murmur dismay

demur 反对

buttress

rebuttal 反驳
18

repel rebel 反叛

progress regress

transgress 冒犯,违背
19

Actual Test 28 1-6-8
20

? 1. The scientist found it puzzling that his theory encountered ______ despite widespread agreement that it was _______. ? respect…unfathomable ? opposition…indisputable ? acceptance…simplistic

21

? 1. The scientist found it puzzling that his theory encountered ______ despite widespread agreement that it was _______. ? respect…unfathomable ? opposition…indisputable ? acceptance…simplistic

22

? 2. Although the diverse local idioms of English in England are not as strong as they once were, their variety has been ______: television and radio are not the homogenizing forces that they were once thought to be. ? (A) diminished ? (B) exaggerated ? (C) reinforced ? (D) misconstrued ? (E) underrated ? (F) underestimated

23

? 2. Although the diverse local idioms of English in England are not as strong as they once were, their variety has been ______: television and radio are not the homogenizing forces that they were once thought to be. ? (A) diminished ? (B) exaggerated ? (C) reinforced ? (D) misconstrued ? (E) underrated ? (F) underestimated

24

? 3. Since one of Professor Roche's oftrepeated adages was that familiarity leads to boredom, his students were quite surprised to find him so ___Return of the Native, a novel he had taught for over 30 years. ? (A) disdainful of ? (B) confused by ? (C) familiar with ? (D) disinterested with ? (E) excited by
25

? 3. Since one of Professor Roche's oftrepeated adages was that familiarity leads to boredom, his students were quite surprised to find him so ___Return of the Native, a novel he had taught for over 30 years. ? (A) disdainful of ? (B) confused by ? (C) familiar with ? (D) disinterested with ? (E) excited by
26

? 4. Reason was once believed to be ___ human, but lately this assumption of intellectual superiority has come under increasingly skeptical scrutiny: most researchers now at least ___ the notion that some animals can think. ? logically…ridicule ? peculiarly…entertain ? scarcely…scoff at

27

? 4. Reason was once believed to be ___ human, but lately this assumption of intellectual superiority has come under increasingly skeptical scrutiny: most researchers now at least ___ the notion that some animals can think. ? logically…ridicule ? peculiarly…entertain ? scarcely…scoff at

28

? 5, Though Luis eagerly sought her______, he subsequently chose not to heed that advice. ? (A) secretiveness ? (B) cooperation ? (C) understanding ? (D) counsel ? (E) concord

29

? 5, Though Luis eagerly sought her______, he subsequently chose not to heed that advice. ? (A) secretiveness ? (B) cooperation ? (C) understanding ? (D) counsel ? (E) concord

30

? 6. Castillo's poetry has generated only enthusiastic response: praise from the general public and _____from the major critics. ? (A) condemnation ? (B) satires ? (C) plaudits ? (D) irony ? (E) apathy

31

? 6. Castillo's poetry has generated only enthusiastic response: praise from the general public and _____from the major critics. ? (A) condemnation ? (B) satires ? (C) plaudits ? (D) irony ? (E) apathy

32

? 7. By idiosyncratically refusing to dismiss an insubordinate member of his staff, the manager not only _________ established policy, but he also _________ his heretofore good chances for promotion. ? (A) instituted...bettered ? (B) recognized...protected ? (C) contravened...jeopardized ? (D) reiterated...computed ? (E) delimited...restricted
33

? 7. By idiosyncratically refusing to dismiss an insubordinate member of his staff, the manager not only _________ established policy, but he also _________ his heretofore good chances for promotion. ? (A) instituted...bettered ? (B) recognized...protected ? (C) contravened...jeopardized ? (D) reiterated...computed ? (E) delimited...restricted
34

? 8. Although he attempted repeatedly to______her of her conviction of his insincerity, he was not successful; she remained______in her judgment. ? (A) remind...forceful ? (B) convince...unfeigned ? (C) exorcise...indulgent ? (D) disabuse...adamant ? (E) free...unsure

35

? 8. Although he attempted repeatedly to______her of her conviction of his insincerity, he was not successful; she remained______in her judgment. ? (A) remind...forceful ? (B) convince...unfeigned ? (C) exorcise...indulgent ? (D) disabuse...adamant ? (E) free...unsure

36

4.2
支持、促进

37

voice

advocate 鼓吹,支持

Move your butts.

buttress 支持
38

counter

countenance 支持,赞成

estrange

espouse 支持,拥护
39

<Shawshank Redemption> remedy

redeem 赎罪

May you be at one with god. Amen.

atonement 弥补,补偿
40

促进

faster

foster 培养,鼓励
41

precipitation 降雨

precipitate 促进;沉淀,降雨

foster boost

bolster 支持,鼓励
42

factory facile

facilitate 促进

cata + analyst →

catalyst 催化剂,促进
43

check

unchecked 未受阻碍的

bolster 鼓励支持

boost 推进,提高
44

4.2
阻碍、限制

45

hammer

hamper 妨碍

constrict 收缩,束缚

restrict 限制,限定
46

finite

confine 限制

suppress 镇压,抑制
47

restrain 抑制,限制

constrain 束缚,限制

terrible deteriorate

deter 威慑,阻止
48

infer

defer 拖延

hind behind

hinder 妨碍,阻碍
49

hinterland

circumspect circumstance

circumscribe 限制

foresee fore + install →

forestall 预先阻止
50

expediate 使加速,促进

impede 妨碍

repress 压制,镇压
51

“卡巴” encumber

cumber 妨碍

prohibit 禁止 inhabit

inhibit 抑制
52

inhibited adj.

bulk →

balk 妨碍

file 锉刀

foil 阻碍
53

“拖沓的” tardy 缓慢的

retard 妨碍

“手铐”

shackle 脚镣
54

“读音” frustrate

thwart 阻挠

bear 熊忍受生育

forbear 克制
55

constrain

restrain 抑制

fetter 脚镣,束缚
56

delay defer

57

Actual Test 29 2-6-7
58

? James had idolized the professor so much for so long that even after lunching with her several times he remained quite _____ in her presence and as a result, he could not really be himself. ? pleased ? disregarded ? heartened ? relaxed ? inhibited
59

? James had idolized the professor so much for so long that even after lunching with her several times he remained quite _____ in her presence and as a result, he could not really be himself. ? pleased ? disregarded ? heartened ? relaxed ? inhibited
60

? 1. Some believe that the tradition of holding elections on Tuesday was established to restrict voting to truly serious voters, but in fact ___ was the original idea behind Tuesday voting, since Tuesday in rural communities was when people were most likely to be in town. ? (A) elitism ? (B) convenience ? (C) apathy ? (E) partisanship ? (F) favoritism
61

? 1. Some believe that the tradition of holding elections on Tuesday was established to restrict voting to truly serious voters, but in fact ___ was the original idea behind Tuesday voting, since Tuesday in rural communities was when people were most likely to be in town. ? (A) elitism ? (B) convenience ? (C) apathy ? (E) partisanship ? (F) favoritism
62

? 2. Researchers say that methanol can boost the growth of plants by___ a natural process known as photorespiration, during which a plant can____ much of the energy it needs to grow. ? modifying… alter ? exhibiting… store ? inhibiting…. lose

63

? 2. Researchers say that methanol can boost the growth of plants by___ a natural process known as photorespiration, during which a plant can____ much of the energy it needs to grow. ? modifying… alter ? exhibiting… store ? inhibiting…. lose

64

? 3. Throughout the artist’s work there runs a thread of psychic darkness strong enough to unnerve the most jaded sensibility: even her drawings from the comparatively tranquil months of her visit to Rome ___ violence secrecy, and despair. ? (A) emanate ? (B) obviate ? (C) eschew ? (D) suppress ? (E) emit ? (F) shun

65

? 3. Throughout the artist’s work there runs a thread of psychic darkness strong enough to unnerve the most jaded sensibility: even her drawings from the comparatively tranquil months of her visit to Rome ___ violence secrecy, and despair. ? (A) emanate ? (B) obviate ? (C) eschew ? (D) suppress ? (E) emit ? (F) shun

66

? 4. Dangerously high winds______ attempts to begin the space shuttle mission on schedule, delaying the launch by nearly a week. ? (A) thwarted ? (B) forfeited ? (C) implemented ? (D) discharged ? (E) redoubled

67

? 4. Dangerously high winds______ attempts to begin the space shuttle mission on schedule, delaying the launch by nearly a week. ? (A) thwarted ? (B) forfeited ? (C) implemented ? (D) discharged ? (E) redoubled

68

? 5. Because of the_____effects of the hot springs, tourists-suffering from various ailments congregated to the village's thermal pools. ? (A) inadequate ? (B) indolent ? (C) vicious ? (D) mandatory ? (E) therapeutic

69

? 5. Because of the_____effects of the hot springs, tourists-suffering from various ailments congregated to the village's thermal pools. ? (A) inadequate ? (B) indolent ? (C) vicious ? (D) mandatory ? (E) therapeutic

70

? 6. Exposure to low-intensity gamma radiation slows the rate of growth of the spoilage microorganisms in food in much the same way that the low heat used in pasteurization _________ the spoilage action of the microorganisms in milk. ? (A) precludes ? (B) initiates ? (C) inhibits ? (D) isolates ? (E) purifies
71

? 6. Exposure to low-intensity gamma radiation slows the rate of growth of the spoilage microorganisms in food in much the same way that the low heat used in pasteurization _________ the spoilage action of the microorganisms in milk. ? (A) precludes ? (B) initiates ? (C) inhibits ? (D) isolates ? (E) purifies
72

? 7. Imposing steep fines on employers for on-the-job injuries to workers could be an effective _________ to creating a safer workplace, especially in the case of employers with poor safety records. ? (A) antidote ? (B) alternative ? (C) addition ? (D) deterrent ? (E) incentive
73

? 7. Imposing steep fines on employers for on-the-job injuries to workers could be an effective _________ to creating a safer workplace, especially in the case of employers with poor safety records. ? (A) antidote ? (B) alternative ? (C) addition ? (D) deterrent ? (E) incentive
74

? 8. This new government is faced not only with ______ its economy but also with implementing new rural development programs to ______ the flow of farm workers to the city. ? (A) managing...stem ? (B) offsetting...harness ? (C) bolstering...transmit ? (D) challenging...measure ? (E) modernizing...subsidize
75

? 8. This new government is faced not only with ______ its economy but also with implementing new rural development programs to ______ the flow of farm workers to the city. ? (A) managing...stem ? (B) offsetting...harness ? (C) bolstering...transmit ? (D) challenging...measure ? (E) modernizing...subsidize
76

4.2
崇拜谄媚尊敬重视—忽视

77

culture

cult 崇拜

lionize

idolize 崇拜
78

adulation “阿杜雷神” adulterate

adulate 谄媚,奉承

ob + sequence →

obsequious 谄媚的逢迎的
79

catch caterpillar → 柱子

cater 迎合

complacent 自满的,殷勤的

complaisant 顺从的讨好的
80

deference

deferential adj.

尊重

venerate Venus 欲神

revere 尊敬
81

estim ate

esteem 尊敬

82

perish

cherish 珍爱

underline

underscore 强调
83

忽视

neg (ate e) lect →

neglect 忽视
84

oblivious obvious

oblivion 忽视

= oversee

overlook 俯瞰;忽视
85

omission n.

omit 省略,疏忽

86

4.2
喜爱、迷恋—厌恶、诅咒

87

savor

favor 喜爱

fasten v.

fascinate 迷惑迷住
88

chant 圣歌 enchant 迷住

penchant 爱好

prone 倾向于…的
89

donate

dote 溺爱

glamour 魅力

enamor 迷恋
90

fondness 喜爱

affectation

affection 爱
91

厌恶诅咒

anthem 圣歌,赞美诗

anathema 诅咒
92

resent 憎恶,愤恨

avert 避开

aversion 反感厌恶
93

apathy

antipathy 反感

re + tell → 以牙还牙

retaliate 报复,反击
94

feudal 封建制度的 federal

feud 世仇

“克死” accuse

curse 诅咒
95

Actual Test 30 4
96

? While she initially suffered the fate of many pioneers—the incomprehension of her colleagues—octogenarian Nobel laureate Barbara McClintock has lived to______the triumph of her once______scientific theories. ? (A) descry...innovative ? (B) regret...insignificant ? (C) perpetuate...tentative ? (D) enjoy...authoritative ? (E) savor...heterodox
97

? While she initially suffered the fate of many pioneers—the incomprehension of her colleagues—octogenarian Nobel laureate Barbara McClintock has lived to______the triumph of her once______scientific theories. ? (A) descry...innovative ? (B) regret...insignificant ? (C) perpetuate...tentative ? (D) enjoy...authoritative ? (E) savor...heterodox
98

? 1. Even though the folktales Partout collected and retold were not solely French in origin, his versions of then were so decidedly French in style that later anthologizes of French folktales have never ____ them. ? (A) excluded ? (B) admired ? (C) collected ? (D) promoted ? (E) comprehended ? (F) ignored
99

? 1. Even though the folktales Partout collected and retold were not solely French in origin, his versions of then were so decidedly French in style that later anthologizes of French folktales have never ____ them. ? (A) excluded ? (B) admired ? (C) collected ? (D) promoted ? (E) comprehended ? (F) ignored
100

? 2. In the nineteenth century, composers exhibiting limited skill found themselves ____ as writers by periodicals that afforded them an opportunity to earn money and to make their views about music known. ? (A) censured ? (B) lionized ? (C) unknown ? (D) in demand ? (E) idolized ? (F) out of favor
101

? 2. In the nineteenth century, composers exhibiting limited skill found themselves ____ as writers by periodicals that afforded them an opportunity to earn money and to make their views about music known. ? (A) censured ? (B) lionized ? (C) unknown ? (D) in demand ? (E) idolized ? (F) out of favor
102

? 3. Although the metropolitan area boasts more small businesses than any other region in the state, it ranks very low on the scale of pro-business attitudes: local entrepreneurs have a remarkable ability to ___ an enthusiastic atmosphere here. ? (A) confront ? (B) excuse ? (C) create ? (D) overlook ? (E) tolerate ? (F) neglect

103

? 3. Although the metropolitan area boasts more small businesses than any other region in the state, it ranks very low on the scale of pro-business attitudes: local entrepreneurs have a remarkable ability to ___ an enthusiastic atmosphere here. ? (A) confront ? (B) excuse ? (C) create ? (D) overlook ? (E) tolerate ? (F) neglect

104

? 4. Annoyed by the new employee's excessively _____ manner, the supervisor advised him that such adulation was inappropriate. ? (A) obsequious ? (B) mysterious ? (C) fickle ? (D) argumentative ? (E) aggressive

105

? 4. Annoyed by the new employee's excessively _____ manner, the supervisor advised him that such adulation was inappropriate. ? (A) obsequious ? (B) mysterious ? (C) fickle ? (D) argumentative ? (E) aggressive

106

? 5. Soon after the first visitors arrived, increasing numbers of the residents of the remote island thought it possible that the outside world, instead of being _____, could be_____and worth exploring. ? (A) insular.. unlimited ? (B) friendly .. wicked ? (C) amiable .. cooperative ? (D) threatening .. fascinating ? (E) forbidding .. harmful
107

? 5. Soon after the first visitors arrived, increasing numbers of the residents of the remote island thought it possible that the outside world, instead of being _____, could be_____and worth exploring. ? (A) insular.. unlimited ? (B) friendly .. wicked ? (C) amiable .. cooperative ? (D) threatening .. fascinating ? (E) forbidding .. harmful
108

4.2
信任——怀疑

109

victory

conviction convince

credit

credulity 轻信易信
110

certitude 确定无疑

credulous

credibility 可信度
111

怀疑

cynicism 嘲笑挖苦

cynical 讽世的
112

sub + spec → conspicuous

suspicious 怀疑的

enemy

inimical 敌意的抵触的
113

piety

impiety 虔诚

contend

v.

contentious 争议的争吵的
114

contention n.

“音” traitor

treacherous 背叛的

115

4.2
坚称——否定、拒绝

116

inhere 天生 coherent 连贯的

adhere 粘附,坚持

dict —— 说 addict

dedicate 奉献致力于
117

否定拒绝

dismiss 解雇,拒绝
118

pud —— put

repudiate 拒绝,抛弃

negative

negate 否定,取消
119

prove approve 赞成

disapprove 反对,否决

avow 断言,承认

disavowal 否定,拒绝
120

veto

overrule 否决

depreciate

deprecate 反对,轻视
121

detest 厌恶

protest 抗议,反对

prescribe 处方,规定

proscribe 禁止
122

gainsay 否认

ease 使安静

cease 停止,终止
123

Actual Test 31 1-4-5
124

? 1. He displayed a nearly extremely _____, insisting on knowing every detail of his friends' lives. ? (A) orderliness ? (B) credulity ? (C) curiosity ? (D) shyness ? (E) morbidity

125

? 1. He displayed a nearly extremely _____, insisting on knowing every detail of his friends' lives. ? (A) orderliness ? (B) credulity ? (C) curiosity ? (D) shyness ? (E) morbidity

126

? 2. The two sisters selflessly dedicated their lives to the nursing profession; their _____ made them _____, ones whose ways are worthy of imitation. ? (A) aptitude .. eccentrics ? (B) morality .. emancipators ? (C) erudition. enigmas ? (D) devotion. egotists ? (E) altruism .. exemplars

127

? 2. The two sisters selflessly dedicated their lives to the nursing profession; their _____ made them _____, ones whose ways are worthy of imitation. ? (A) aptitude .. eccentrics ? (B) morality .. emancipators ? (C) erudition. enigmas ? (D) devotion. egotists ? (E) altruism .. exemplars

128

? 3. Comparatively few rock musicians are willing to laugh at themselves, although a hint of______can boost sales of video clips very nicely. ? (A) self-deprecation ? (B) congeniality ? (C) cynicism ? (D) embarrassment ? (E) self-doubt

129

? 3. Comparatively few rock musicians are willing to laugh at themselves, although a hint of______can boost sales of video clips very nicely. ? (A) self-deprecation ? (B) congeniality ? (C) cynicism ? (D) embarrassment ? (E) self-doubt

130

? 4. The proponents of recombinant DNA research have decided to______federal regulation of their work; they hope that by making this compromise they can forestall proposed state and local controls that might be even stiffer. ? (A) protest ? (B) institute ? (C) deny ? (D) encourage ? (E) disregard
131

? 4. The proponents of recombinant DNA research have decided to______federal regulation of their work; they hope that by making this compromise they can forestall proposed state and local controls that might be even stiffer. ? (A) protest ? (B) institute ? (C) deny ? (D) encourage ? (E) disregard
132

? 5. A major goal of law, to deter potential criminals by punishing wrongdoers, is not served when the penalty is so seldom invoked that it______to be a ______threat. ? (A) tends...serious ? (B) appears...real ? (C) ceases...credible ? (D) fails...deceptive ? (E) seems...coercive

133

? 5. A major goal of law, to deter potential criminals by punishing wrongdoers, is not served when the penalty is so seldom invoked that it______to be a ______threat. ? (A) tends...serious ? (B) appears...real ? (C) ceases...credible ? (D) fails...deceptive ? (E) seems...coercive

134

4.2
攻击打击使沮丧—尖刻的

135

assail assault

leaguer = colleague

beleaguer 围攻
136

thwart

frustrate 使沮丧

dam damp

dampen 潮湿,使沮丧
137

dampen

pugn → pugnacious 好斗的

impugn 指责

chase chaste 纯洁的

chastise 惩罚,谴责
138

chastise

comfort

discomfit 使懊恼难堪

scourge

discourage

139

trench 壕沟,切

trenchant 一针见血的

Acerb

vitriolic 刻薄的
140

caustic 腐蚀性的刻薄的

scathing 苛刻的严厉的
141

acid acrid

acerbic acrimony

142

4.2
嘲笑、推翻

143

fl aunt →炫耀 t out 赞美

flout 蔑视

deride → 嘲笑

ridiculous ludicrous
144

surd <数> 无理数

absurd 荒谬的

monk

mock 嘲笑
145

human

humiliate 使屈辱

leer 秋波,斜视

jeer 嘲笑
146

= scorn

scoff 嘲笑

daunt 大 →

taunt 嘲弄
147

ease 使安逸安静

tease 揶揄,戏弄

graceful

disgrace 羞辱
148

tire 轮胎,发髻 satire →仨 tire

satire 讽刺

149

推翻

sub 在…之下

subvert 颠覆推翻
150

overturn 推翻

top

topple 倾覆推倒
151

4.2
谴责、不情愿

152

censor census

censure 谴责

damn

condemn 谴责;判刑
153

rate

berate 抨击

announce

denounce 指责
154

rebut 反驳拒绝

rebuke 谴责

“读音”

revile 辱骂
155

accuse v. curse

accusation 谴责指控

= reprove

reproof 责备
156

不情愿

ungrudging 慷慨的情愿的

grudging 不愿的
157

“驴拉坦克”

reluctant 不情愿的

incline to

disincline 不愿,厌恶
158

decline 拒绝,减弱

sloth

loath 不情愿的
159

subordinate

insubordinate 不顺从的

vert/vers = turn avert 避开

averse 不愿的反对的
160

Actual Test 32 2-4-6
161

? 1. In arguing against assertions that environmental catastrophe is imminent, her book does not ridicule all predictions of doom but rather claims that the risks of harm have in many cases been ____. ? (A) exaggerated ? (B) ignored ? (C) scrutinized ? (D) overstated ? (E) increased ? (F) derided
162

? 1. In arguing against assertions that environmental catastrophe is imminent, her book does not ridicule all predictions of doom but rather claims that the risks of harm have in many cases been ____. ? (A) exaggerated ? (B) ignored ? (C) scrutinized ? (D) overstated ? (E) increased ? (F) derided
163

? 2. The Broadway musical business is apparently ____ innovation and experimentation: it recycles characters and story lines that have dominated the musical stage for years. ? (A) famous for ? (B) eager for ? (C) skilled in ? (D) suitable for ? (E) averse to
164

? 2. The Broadway musical business is apparently ____ innovation and experimentation: it recycles characters and story lines that have dominated the musical stage for years. ? (A) famous for ? (B) eager for ? (C) skilled in ? (D) suitable for ? (E) averse to
165

? 3. Powerful as they are, the ___ songs the artist is best known for might sting more and have even greater emotional complexity if one felt that his criticisms were aimed at himself as well as at his unnamed foes. ? (A) accusatory ? (B) altruistic ? (C) mournful ? (D) reprobative ? (E) humble ? (F) simplistic
166

? 3. Powerful as they are, the ___ songs the artist is best known for might sting more and have even greater emotional complexity if one felt that his criticisms were aimed at himself as well as at his unnamed foes. ? (A) accusatory ? (B) altruistic ? (C) mournful ? (D) reprobative ? (E) humble ? (F) simplistic
167

? 4. Because of the likelihood that her new colleague would not approve of her political opinions, the reporter briefly considered remaining quiet, then quickly resolved that she would not ____her personal views merely for the sake of concord. ? (A) flout ? (B) suppress ? (C) disdain ? (D) misrepresent ? (E) advertise
168

? 4. Because of the likelihood that her new colleague would not approve of her political opinions, the reporter briefly considered remaining quiet, then quickly resolved that she would not ____her personal views merely for the sake of concord. ? (A) flout ? (B) suppress ? (C) disdain ? (D) misrepresent ? (E) advertise
169

? 5. The writer has gained such popularity with his readers that even his inanities are now considered ___. ? (A) vacuous ? (B) tedious ? (C) speculative ? (D) acerbic ? (E) trenchant ? (F) figurative

170

? 5. The writer has gained such popularity with his readers that even his inanities are now considered ___. ? (A) vacuous ? (B) tedious ? (C) speculative ? (D) acerbic ? (E) trenchant ? (F) figurative

171

? 6.Initially a defender of democratic rules , the resident ironically soon began to employ the very dictatorial power that he had once ___. ? (A) supported ? (B) condemned ? (C) created ? (D) disparaged ? (E) recognized ? (F) advocated
172

? 6.Initially a defender of democratic rules , the resident ironically soon began to employ the very dictatorial power that he had once ___. ? (A) supported ? (B) condemned ? (C) created ? (D) disparaged ? (E) recognized ? (F) advocated
173

? 7. The rebels saw the huge statue of the dictator as ____ of the totalitarian regime and swiftly toppled the monument. ? (A) an indictment ? (B) an illusion ? (C) a copy ? (D) a symbol ? (E) a mockery

174

? 7. The rebels saw the huge statue of the dictator as ____ of the totalitarian regime and swiftly toppled the monument. ? (A) an indictment ? (B) an illusion ? (C) a copy ? (D) a symbol ? (E) a mockery

175

? 8. While not completely nonplussed by the unusually caustic responses from members of the audience, the speaker was nonetheless visibly______by their lively criticism. ? (A) humiliated ? (B) discomfited ? (C) deluded ? (D) disgraced ? (E) tantalized
176

? 8. While not completely nonplussed by the unusually caustic responses from members of the audience, the speaker was nonetheless visibly______by their lively criticism. ? (A) humiliated ? (B) discomfited ? (C) deluded ? (D) disgraced ? (E) tantalized
177

? 9. Although his attempts to appear psychotic were so______as to be almost ______, there is evidence that Ezra Pound was able to avoid standing trial for treason merely by faking symptoms of mental illness. ? (A) spontaneous...amusing ? (B) contrived...believable ? (C) clumsy...ludicrous ? (D) stylized...distressing ? (E) sporadic...premeditated
178

? 9. Although his attempts to appear psychotic were so______as to be almost ______, there is evidence that Ezra Pound was able to avoid standing trial for treason merely by faking symptoms of mental illness. ? (A) spontaneous...amusing ? (B) contrived...believable ? (C) clumsy...ludicrous ? (D) stylized...distressing ? (E) sporadic...premeditated
179

? 10. If those large publishers that respond solely to popular literary trends continue to dominate the publishing market, the initial publication of new writers will depend on the writers willingness to_________popular tastes. ? (A) struggle against ? (B) cater to ? (C) admire ? (D) flout ? (E) elude
180

? 10. If those large publishers that respond solely to popular literary trends continue to dominate the publishing market, the initial publication of new writers will depend on the writers willingness to_________popular tastes. ? (A) struggle against ? (B) cater to ? (C) admire ? (D) flout ? (E) elude
181

4.2
获得、给予——剥夺

182

stow —— store stowaway

bestow 给予

con + sign → 共同 签字

consign 委托,交付
183

dote

endow 资助

jockey 用计谋获取
184

solo + cite →

solicit 恳求,教唆

enter — entre entrance

entice 引诱
185

剥夺

be + leave →

bereave 丧失,夺去
186

private

deprive 剥夺

onus 义务负担 onerous adj.

exonerate 免除
187

preclude 避免,排除

solve

解决

absolve 赦免免除
188

solution n.

vest

divest 剥夺

forfeit 丧失
189

franch—特权

disfranchise disenfranchise

190

4.2
避开、放弃

191

shy→

eschew 避开,戒绝

averse

avert 避开避免
192

evade 避开逃走

exodus 大批离去
193

= shun

shunt 转移,避开

194

extinguish

relinquish 放弃

attain

abstain 禁绝放弃
195

for the sake of

forsake 放弃

chant → cant

recant 改变放弃
196

retract 缩回,收回

withdraw withhold
197

jury

abjure 发誓放弃

spur + n →

spurn 摈弃,拒绝
198

announce

renounce 放弃,废除

abandon 放弃,放纵
199

Actual Test 33 5
200

? 1. The hesitancy of many countries to embrace market reform is unfortunate, because many national success stories suggest that far from_____ such reform, countries should be eager to reap its benefits. ? (A) shunning ? (B) pursuing ? (C) eschewing ? (D) needing ? (E) understanding ? (F) implementing

201

? 1. The hesitancy of many countries to embrace market reform is unfortunate, because many national success stories suggest that far from_____ such reform, countries should be eager to reap its benefits. ? (A) shunning ? (B) pursuing ? (C) eschewing ? (D) needing ? (E) understanding ? (F) implementing

202

? 2. The ______ of her career was her achievement of her greatest intellectual authority at the very moment when she was ______ of a compelling subject. ? (A) irony...assured ? (B) dilemma...certain ? (C) enigma...cognizant ? (D) paradox...bereft ? (E) epitome...despairing

203

? 2. The ______ of her career was her achievement of her greatest intellectual authority at the very moment when she was ______ of a compelling subject. ? (A) irony...assured ? (B) dilemma...certain ? (C) enigma...cognizant ? (D) paradox...bereft ? (E) epitome...despairing

204

? 3. Though he refused any responsibility for the failure of the negotiations, Stevenson had no right to ------ himself: it was his -----that had caused the debacle. ? (A) blame… skill ? (B) congratulate…modesty ? (C) berate…largesse ? (D) accuse…obstinacy ? (E) absolve…acrimony

205

? 3. Though he refused any responsibility for the failure of the negotiations, Stevenson had no right to ------ himself: it was his -----that had caused the debacle. ? (A) blame… skill ? (B) congratulate…modesty ? (C) berate…largesse ? (D) accuse…obstinacy ? (E) absolve…acrimony

206

? 4. During periods of social and cultural stability, many art academies are so firmly controlled by______that all real creative work must be done by the______. ? (A) dogmatists...disenfranchised ? (B) managers...reactionaries ? (C) reformers...dissatisfied ? (D) imposters...academicians ? (E) specialists...elite

207

? 4. During periods of social and cultural stability, many art academies are so firmly controlled by______that all real creative work must be done by the______. ? (A) dogmatists...disenfranchised ? (B) managers...reactionaries ? (C) reformers...dissatisfied ? (D) imposters...academicians ? (E) specialists...elite

208

? 5. A number of writers who once greatly _________ the literary critic have recently recanted, substituting _________ for their former criticism. ? (A) lauded...censure ? (B) influenced...analysis ? (C) simulated...ambivalence ? (D) disparaged...approbation ? (E) honored...adulation

209

? 5. A number of writers who once greatly _________ the literary critic have recently recanted, substituting _________ for their former criticism. ? (A) lauded...censure ? (B) influenced...analysis ? (C) simulated...ambivalence ? (D) disparaged...approbation ? (E) honored...adulation

210

4.2
内向、暗示——外向、直率

211

extrovert

introvert 内向

explicit

implicit 含蓄的
212

self-effacing efface

confident

diffident 不自信的
213

inhibit

inhibited 拘谨的

214

外向、直率

blunt angle 钝的

blunt 直率的
215

explicit 清晰的直率的

article

articulate 清晰的说
216

face 嬉皮笑脸的

facetious 轻浮的幽默的

217

4.2
预测——不可预测

218

predict 预言

au = av 鸟 aviation

augur 占卜
219

foreclose

foresee foreshadow foreknowledge

portray

portentous 预示性的
220

phrase

prophetic 预示的预言的

foreshadow

adumbrate 预示,预告
221

forebode 预感,凶兆

project

conjecture 推测,臆测
222

presage 预感;预示

unanticipated 意料之外的
223

Actual Test 34 5-6
224

? 1. Although Heron is well known for the broad comedy in the movies she has directed previously, her new film is less inclined to______: the gags are fewer and subtler. ? (A) clownery ? (B) preciosity ? (C) symbolism ? (D) buffoonery ? (E) melodrama ? (F) understatement
225

? 1. Although Heron is well known for the broad comedy in the movies she has directed previously, her new film is less inclined to______: the gags are fewer and subtler. ? (A) clownery ? (B) preciosity ? (C) symbolism ? (D) buffoonery ? (E) melodrama ? (F) understatement
226

? 2. Cultural change is seldom truly ___: successive periods overlap, progress is uneven, and within a prevailing climate of opinion there can be innumerable variations. ? (A) straight forward ? (B) benign ? (C) complex ? (D) dramatic ? (E) significant
227

? 2. Cultural change is seldom truly ___: successive periods overlap, progress is uneven, and within a prevailing climate of opinion there can be innumerable variations. ? (A) straight forward ? (B) benign ? (C) complex ? (D) dramatic ? (E) significant
228

? 3. What the two sociologists have in common is a claim that their respective predictions describe____ outcomes: each scholar believes the developments he anticipates are ____. ? predetermined …inevitable ? possible … preventable ? momentous …negligible

229

? 3. What the two sociologists have in common is a claim that their respective predictions describe____ outcomes: each scholar believes the developments he anticipates are ____. ? predetermined …inevitable ? possible … preventable ? momentous …negligible

230

? 4. The studies executive lamented the fact that experts who had tried to_____ the reasons why movies succeed or fail commercially had encountered great difficulty in producing mathematical models that could accurately predict the future of unreleased movies. ? (A) depict ? (B) falsify ? (C) delineate ? (D) circumvent ? (E) promote (F) downplay

231

? 4. The studies executive lamented the fact that experts who had tried to_____ the reasons why movies succeed or fail commercially had encountered great difficulty in producing mathematical models that could accurately predict the future of unreleased movies. ? (A) depict ? (B) falsify ? (C) delineate ? (D) circumvent ? (E) promote (F) downplay

232

? 5. Andrew's hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was ______ when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew's ______ to be correct. ? (A) compromised. prediction ? (B) rejected. instinct ? (C) substantiated. endorsement ? (D) confirmed. intuition ? (E) belied. retraction

233

? 5. Andrew's hunch that Ms. Smith would lose the election was ______ when her opponent won in a landslide, proving Andrew's ______ to be correct. ? (A) compromised. prediction ? (B) rejected. instinct ? (C) substantiated. endorsement ? (D) confirmed. intuition ? (E) belied. retraction

234

? 6. To avoid being _____, composer Stephen Sondheim strives for an element of surprise in his songs. ? (A) erratic ? (B) informal ? (C) elaborate ? (D) predictable ? (E) idiosyncratic

235

? 6. To avoid being _____, composer Stephen Sondheim strives for an element of surprise in his songs. ? (A) erratic ? (B) informal ? (C) elaborate ? (D) predictable ? (E) idiosyncratic

236

4.3
公平——偏见

237

公平客观的

disinterested

dispassionate detachment

impartial evenhanded
238

neutrality 中立,客观

impersonal 客观的
239

bias 偏见 2

unbiased 无偏见的

240

tend

tendentious 偏见的

justice

injustice 不公平
241

4.3
谦恭委婉——专横傲慢

242

civil

civility 文明,礼貌

court 招致

courteous 谦恭有礼的
243

ticket

etiquette 礼仪,礼节

ex + rude → 出离粗鲁

erudite 博学的
244

locution 措辞 eloquent

circumlocution 遁词

eu —优

euphemism 婉言
245

bronze brass

brazen brassy

246

arrogant 傲慢自大的

deign 屈尊
247

descend

condescension 屈尊

emperor

imperious 傲慢的专横的
248

presume

presumptuous 放肆的冒昧的

solo

insolent 傲慢的无礼的
249

Actual Test 35 2-7
250

? 1. When Adolph Ochs became the publisher of The New York Times, he endowed the paper with a uniquely______ tone, avoiding the shrill editorials that characterized other major papers of the time. ? (A) abstruse ? (B) dispassionate ? (C) argumentative ? (D) tendentious ? (E) scholarly
251

? 1. When Adolph Ochs became the publisher of The New York Times, he endowed the paper with a uniquely______ tone, avoiding the shrill editorials that characterized other major papers of the time. ? (A) abstruse ? (B) dispassionate ? (C) argumentative ? (D) tendentious ? (E) scholarly
252

? 2. The book’s account of the governors’ term in office is too uniformly____ to be persuasive: it overlooks her many accomplishments and exaggerates her failures. ? (A) obsequious ? (B) dire ? (C) biased ? (D) naive ? (E) rosy
253

? 2. The book’s account of the governors’ term in office is too uniformly____ to be persuasive: it overlooks her many accomplishments and exaggerates her failures. ? (A) obsequious ? (B) dire ? (C) biased ? (D) naive ? (E) rosy
254

? 3. The biographer’s intense emotional involvement with his subject did not preclude objectivity, since the passionate engagement fostered deep knowledge that was ultimately necessary for truly ___ judgment. ? (A) disinterested ? (B) pragmatic ? (C) partisan ? (D) adamant ? (E) reasonable
255

? 3. The biographer’s intense emotional involvement with his subject did not preclude objectivity, since the passionate engagement fostered deep knowledge that was ultimately necessary for truly ___ judgment. ? (A) disinterested ? (B) pragmatic ? (C) partisan ? (D) adamant ? (E) reasonable
256

? 4. The artist was quite___: he not only painted portraits and illustrated books but also designed furniture and monuments. ? (A) unsophisticated ? (B) erudite ? (C) temperamental ? (D) exacting ? (E) versatile ? (F) conventional

257

? 4. The artist was quite___: he not only painted portraits and illustrated books but also designed furniture and monuments. ? (A) unsophisticated ? (B) erudite ? (C) temperamental ? (D) exacting ? (E) versatile ? (F) conventional

258

? 5. Anne mentioned John's habitual boasting about his wardrobe as an example of his _____ways. ? (A) erratic ? (B) egotistical ? (C) flexible ? (D) tactful ? (E) inconspicuous

259

? 5. Anne mentioned John's habitual boasting about his wardrobe as an example of his _____ways. ? (A) erratic ? (B) egotistical ? (C) flexible ? (D) tactful ? (E) inconspicuous

260

? 6. When theories formerly considered to be______ in their scientific objectivity are found instead to reflect a consistent observational and evaluative bias, then the presumed neutrality of science gives way to the recognition that categories of knowledge are human______. ? (A) disinterested...constructions ? (B) callous...errors ? (C) verifiable...prejudices ? (D) convincing...imperatives ? (E) unassailable...fantasies
261

? 6. When theories formerly considered to be______ in their scientific objectivity are found instead to reflect a consistent observational and evaluative bias, then the presumed neutrality of science gives way to the recognition that categories of knowledge are human______. ? (A) disinterested...constructions ? (B) callous...errors ? (C) verifiable...prejudices ? (D) convincing...imperatives ? (E) unassailable...fantasies
262

? 7. The struggle of the generations is one of the obvious constants of human affairs; therefore, it may be presumptuous to suggest that the rivalry between young and old in Western society during the current decade is ______critical. ? (A) perennially ? (B) disturbingly ? (C) uniquely ? (D) archetypally ? (E) captiously
263

? 7. The struggle of the generations is one of the obvious constants of human affairs; therefore, it may be presumptuous to suggest that the rivalry between young and old in Western society during the current decade is ______critical. ? (A) perennially ? (B) disturbingly ? (C) uniquely ? (D) archetypally ? (E) captiously
264

4.3
幼稚、无知——远见、洞察

265

renaissance

naive 天真的

ignore

ignorance 无知,愚昧
266

dumb

dull 迟钝的

decorous

indecorous 失礼的不雅的
267

no SB!

snob 势利小人

268

foresight farsighted

censorship

censor scrutinize
269

retrospection 回顾

introspection 内省

deliberately do 故意地~ <贬>

deliberate 深思熟虑的
270

4.3
明智——疯狂

271

judge

judicious 明智的

adapt

aptitude 才能,适宜
272

art = skill

artfulness 巧妙狡猾

acute

astute 机敏的精明的
273

hard-nosed 顽固的精明的

hardheaded 现实的精明的

(shrew 尖鼠) “鼠的”

shrewd 精明的
274

sophy 智慧

sophisticated 老于世故的

“酷”

coup 成功的行动
275

cunning canny

premature

mature 成熟的
276

mate 配偶

疯狂

politic

impolitic 不智的失策的
277

advise

inadvisable 不明智的

unreasonable 不理智的
278

irrational 不理智的

radi---根

radical impulse
279

Actual Test 36 6
280

? 1. The profits that the corporation earns from the exclusive-supplier agreements with the universities are______, because the terms of agreements that they are inclined to protect the universities’ interests are generally______. ? complicated…….. scrutinized ? predictable………. flouted ? declining…….ignored

281

? 1. The profits that the corporation earns from the exclusive-supplier agreements with the universities are______, because the terms of agreements that they are inclined to protect the universities’ interests are generally______. ? complicated…….. scrutinized ? predictable………. flouted ? declining…….ignored

282

? 2. In Jamaica Kincaid's novel Lucy, the West Indian heroine _____her employers' world, critically examining its assumptions and values. ? (A) idealizes ? (B) avoids ? (C) beautifies, ? (D) scrutinizes ? (E) excludes

283

? 2. In Jamaica Kincaid's novel Lucy, the West Indian heroine _____her employers' world, critically examining its assumptions and values. ? (A) idealizes ? (B) avoids ? (C) beautifies ? (D) scrutinizes ? (E) excludes

284

? 3. His peers respected him because he was both _____and _____ : steadfast in his beliefs and tactful in his negotiations. ? (A) resourceful .. courteous ? (B) obdurate. manipulative ? (C) determined .. demonstrative ? (D) resolute .. diplomatic ? (E) outspoken., indiscriminate

285

? 3. His peers respected him because he was both _____and _____ : steadfast in his beliefs and tactful in his negotiations. ? (A) resourceful .. courteous ? (B) obdurate. manipulative ? (C) determined .. demonstrative ? (D) resolute .. diplomatic ? (E) outspoken., indiscriminate

286

? 4. The transition from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic era is viewed by most art historians as a ____, because, instead of an increasingly ______ pictorial art, we find degeneration. ? (A) milestone...debased ? (B) consolidation...diverse ? (C) calamity...aberrant ? (D) regression...sophisticated ? (E) continuation...improved
287

? 4. The transition from the Paleolithic to the Neolithic era is viewed by most art historians as a ____, because, instead of an increasingly ______ pictorial art, we find degeneration. ? (A) milestone...debased ? (B) consolidation...diverse ? (C) calamity...aberrant ? (D) regression...sophisticated ? (E) continuation...improved
288

? 5. Although Tom was aware that it would be ________ to display annoyance publicly at the sales conference, he could not ____________ his irritation with the client’s unreasonable demands. ? (A) inadvisable...evince ? (B) efficacious...suppress ? (C) pragmatic...counter ? (D) captious...express ? (E) impolitic...hide
289

? 5. Although Tom was aware that it would be ________ to display annoyance publicly at the sales conference, he could not ____________ his irritation with the client’s unreasonable demands. ? (A) inadvisable...evince ? (B) efficacious...suppress ? (C) pragmatic...counter ? (D) captious...express ? (E) impolitic...hide
290

? 6. In rock climbing, survival depends as much on______, the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning, as on physical strength. ? (A) autonomy ? (B) incoherence ? (C) intuition ? (D) sophistry ? (E) receptivity

291

? 6. In rock climbing, survival depends as much on______, the ability to perceive without conscious reasoning, as on physical strength. ? (A) autonomy ? (B) incoherence ? (C) intuition ? (D) sophistry ? (E) receptivity

292

4.3
鲁莽——谨慎

293

advert 广告,留意

inadvertent 疏忽的

effect

feckless 无效的粗心的
294

reckless 鲁莽的

per——bad

perfunctory 草率的敷衍的
295

foolhardy 鲁莽的

prudent 谨慎的 pride

imprudent 鲁莽的
296

谨慎

caution, wet floor!

cautious 谨慎的
297

caustic

discrete

discreet 谨慎的

circumscribe

circumspect 谨慎的
298

aware

wary 谨慎的

prudence 谨慎
299

stere m?

austere 朴素的节制的

rigorous 严格的严厉的
300

4.3
勤奋——懒惰

301

conscience

conscientious 勤勉的

assiduous 勤勉的专心的
302

= studious

industrious 勤劳的勤勉的

painstaking 煞费苦心的
303

boredom

indolence 懒惰

304

4.3
节制——任性

305

Hammurabi

arbitrary 任意的武断的

pet 宠物,发脾气

petulant 性急的暴躁的
306

Actual Test 37 1-5
307

? 1. Some suggest that students who are granted privileges receive them because their teachers wish to make the students______; more probably, causality flows in the opposite direction, in that teachers are likely to grant privileges to diligent students. ? (A) excitable ? (B) assiduous ? (C) malleable ? (D) grateful ? (E) conscientious (F) independent

308

? 1. Some suggest that students who are granted privileges receive them because their teachers wish to make the students______; more probably, causality flows in the opposite direction, in that teachers are likely to grant privileges to diligent students. ? (A) excitable ? (B) assiduous ? (C) malleable ? (D) grateful ? (E) conscientious (F) independent

309

? 2. The actor was noted for his ______ behavior: he quickly became irritated if his every whim was not immediately satisfied. ? (A) fastidious ? (B) sedulous ? (C) vindictive ? (D) petulant ? (E) mercenary

310

? 2. The actor was noted for his ______ behavior: he quickly became irritated if his every whim was not immediately satisfied. ? (A) fastidious ? (B) sedulous ? (C) vindictive ? (D) petulant ? (E) mercenary

311

? 3. In the seventeenth century, direct flouting of a generally accepted system of values was regarded as______, even as a sign of madness. ? (A) adventurous ? (B) frivolous ? (C) willful ? (D) impermissible ? (E) irrational

312

? 3. In the seventeenth century, direct flouting of a generally accepted system of values was regarded as______, even as a sign of madness. ? (A) adventurous ? (B) frivolous ? (C) willful ? (D) impermissible ? (E) irrational

313

? 4. He was regarded by his followers, as something of _________, not only because of his insistence on strict discipline, but also because of his _________ adherence to formal details. ? (A) a martinet...rigid ? (B) an authority...sporadic ? (C) a tyrant...reluctant ? (D) a fraud...conscientious ? (E) an acolyte...maniacal
314

? 4. He was regarded by his followers, as something of _________, not only because of his insistence on strict discipline, but also because of his _________ adherence to formal details. ? (A) a martinet...rigid ? (B) an authority...sporadic ? (C) a tyrant...reluctant ? (D) a fraud...conscientious ? (E) an acolyte...maniacal
315

? 5. Though ______ in her personal life, Edna St. Vincent Millay was nonetheless ______ about her work, usually producing several pages of complicated rhyme in a day. ? (A) jaded...feckless ? (B) verbose...ascetic ? (C) vain...humble ? (D) impulsive...disciplined ? (E) self-assured...sanguine
316

? 5. Though ______ in her personal life, Edna St. Vincent Millay was nonetheless ______ about her work, usually producing several pages of complicated rhyme in a day. ? (A) jaded...feckless ? (B) verbose...ascetic ? (C) vain...humble ? (D) impulsive...disciplined ? (E) self-assured...sanguine
317

4.3
迷人-仁慈-亲密

318

compelling arresting

cha ris ma → 中国升起毛泽东

charismatic 魅力的
319

enchant v.

enchanting 迷人的

privilege

prestigious 有声望的
320

intrigue 密谋,激起

intriguing 迷人的

321

beneficent 仁慈的

benefactor beneficiary
322

charity

charitable 仁慈的

benevolent 善心的
323

affinity 亲密

genial 友好亲切的

congenial 相宜的
324

+ ID intimidate

intimate 亲密的

kin 亲戚

kinship 亲密关系
325

关键名词

female

feminist 男女平等论者
326

党徒—?

partisan 狂热支持者

follower remain ____ ()

follower 追随者支持者
327

Actual Test 38 1
328

? 1. One of the first ____ of reduced burning in Amazon rain forests was the chestnut industry: smoke tends to drive out the insects that, by pollinating chestnut tree, allow chestnuts to develop. ? (A) reformers ? (B) discoveries ? (C) casualties ? (D) critics ? (E) beneficiaries
329

? 1. One of the first ____ of reduced burning in Amazon rain forests was the chestnut industry: smoke tends to drive out the insects that, by pollinating chestnut tree, allow chestnuts to develop. ? (A) reformers ? (B) discoveries ? (C) casualties ? (D) critics ? (E) beneficiaries
330

? 2. Certainly Murray's preoccupation with the task of editing the Oxford English Dictionary begot a kind of monomania, but it must be regarded as a ______ or at least an innocuous one. ? (A) tame ? (B) tendentious ? (C) meretricious ? (D) beneficent ? (E) sincere
331

? 2. Certainly Murray's preoccupation with the task of editing the Oxford English Dictionary begot a kind of monomania, but it must be regarded as a ______ or at least an innocuous one. ? (A) tame ? (B) tendentious ? (C) meretricious ? (D) beneficent ? (E) sincere
332

? 3. In the nineteenth century, novelists and unsympathetic travelers portrayed the American West as a land of______ adversity, whereas promoters and idealists created ______ image of a land of infinite promise. ? (A) lurid...a mundane ? (B) incredible...an underplayed ? (C) dispiriting...an identical ? (D) intriguing...a luxuriant ? (E) unremitting...a compelling
333

? 3. In the nineteenth century, novelists and unsympathetic travelers portrayed the American West as a land of______ adversity, whereas promoters and idealists created ______ image of a land of infinite promise. ? (A) lurid...a mundane ? (B) incredible...an underplayed ? (C) dispiriting...an identical ? (D) intriguing...a luxuriant ? (E) unremitting...a compelling
334

? 4. Even those siblings whose childhood was _______familial feuding and intense rivalry for their parents’ affection can nevertheless develop congenial and even _______relationships with each other in their adult lives. ? (A) scarred by.. vitriolic ? (B) dominated by.. intimate ? (C) filled with.. truculent ? (D) replete with.. competitive ? (E) devoid of.. tolerant
335

? 4. Even those siblings whose childhood was _______familial feuding and intense rivalry for their parents’ affection can nevertheless develop congenial and even _______relationships with each other in their adult lives. ? (A) scarred by.. vitriolic ? (B) dominated by.. intimate ? (C) filled with.. truculent ? (D) replete with.. competitive ? (E) devoid of.. tolerant
336

? 5. Although it stayed in business for several months, the company was actually_____ and met its financial obligations only by engaging in______ activities. ? (A) blooming., fraudulent ? (B) prudent., speculative ? (C) autonomous., subordinate ? (D) bankrupt., charitable ? (E) stable ,. manipulative

337

? 5. Although it stayed in business for several months, the company was actually_____ and met its financial obligations only by engaging in______ activities. ? (A) blooming., fraudulent ? (B) prudent., speculative ? (C) autonomous., subordinate ? (D) bankrupt., charitable ? (E) stable ,. manipulative

338


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