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英语基础写作分类句型


基础写作分类句型
一、地点介绍
相关短语 1. neighbor Hong Kong 与香港为邻 2. be made up of/consist of 由……组成 3. be located /situated in/near 坐落在 4. serve as 当……用 5. with /has a history of 有……的历史 6. with/has

a population of 有……人口 7. with/cover an area of 面积有…… 8. the third largest city 第三大城市 9. be famous for 以…… 而著名 10. be well-known for/as 因为/作为……而出名 11. on its east lies 东边有…… 12. a fantastic place 一个极好的地方 13. be rich /abundant in 盛产 14. a three-storeyed building 一栋三层楼的房子 相关句式 1. 我向你介绍一下我的家乡。 I would like to introduce my hometown to you. 2. 我的家乡, 毗邻香港, 位于广东省。 My hometown, neighboring Hong Kong, is located in Guangdong Province. 3. 广州, 拥有大约一千三百万人口的一座城市, 有二千二百多年的历史了。 Guangzhou, a city with a population of about thirteen million, has a history of more than 2,200 years. 4. 这座城市占地面积达 7, 434 平方公里, 人口大约是 10, 000, 000。 Covering a total area of 7, 434 square kilometers this city has a population of about ten million. 5. 它自然资源得天独厚, 有丰富的煤和金矿, 而且气候温和。 It is rich in natural resources such as coal and gold, and has mild climate. 6. 我们学校再也不是过去的样子了。 Our school is no longer what it used to be. 典 型 例 题 你将带领一个外国旅游团参观长城,请根据以下的信息要点,写一篇短文介绍长城。 【写作内容】 历史 特点 有两千多年的历史。 世界上最长的城墙, 长 6000 多千米; 建筑材料主要为石头, 砖头, 修建工作都是人工进行; 主要用于防御外来入侵者, 沿墙每隔几百米就有烽火台(watchtower)。 世界著名旅游景点之一,每年吸引许多外国游客到长城观光旅游。
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现状

Ladies and Gentlemen, Welcome to the Great Wall. The Great Wall, which is more than 6, 000 kilometers long, is the longest wall in the world. It has a history of more than 2, 000 years. It is made of stones and bricks and almost all the construction was done by hand without any machine. As the wall was built to defend the country against foreign invaders, there were watchtowers every few hundred meters along the wall. Now, the Great wall is one of the most famous places of interest in China and it attracts many foreign visitors every year.

二、调查报告
相关短语 1. according to the survey 根据这次调查 2. carry out/conduct/ do/make a survey 进行调查 3. improve one?s grades 提高成绩 4. read extracurricular books 阅读课外书 5. as for how to 至于怎样 6. account for/take up 占(多少比例) 7. update the website 更新网站 8. 70% of the girls 百分之七十的女生 9. next in line 接下来;位居第二 10. compared with/to 同……比起来 11. be in favor of…支持/赞成…… 12. as far as I?m concerned 就我来说;据我所知 13. have a lot in common 有很多共同点 14. get along well with… 与……相处融洽 15. have a better understanding of 更好地了解 16. put… in the second place 把……放在第二 17. arouse their interest 激发了他们的兴趣 18.when it comes to service attitude 当谈到服务态度时 19. rank the first place/rank first/be in the first place 排在第一位 20. The differences may lie in the fact that…其差异可能在于…… 相关句式 1. 上周我们就“谁是你的偶像”在 2,600 人中进行了调查。 Last week, we did a survey among 2, 600 students on “Who Is Your Idol”. 2. 最近我们团委进行了一次调查,其结果如下。 Recently our League Committee has carried out a survey,whose results are as follows. 3. 根据调查结果,大约一半的学生有困难的时候会去找他们的同学或朋友。 According to the survey,about half of the students will go to their classmates or friends when in trouble. 4. 关于怎样用零花钱,不同的人有不同的选择。 Different persons may have different choices on how to spend pocket money.
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5. 最近的一项调查显示,学生在学习方式上是各有差异的。 A recent survey suggests that students are different from each other in learning styles. 6. 正如调查所显示的那样,酒后驾车会导致严重事故。 As is shown in the survey,drunk driving may result in serious accidents. 典 型 例 题 上周, 我们以“谁是你的偶像”为题, 在 2600 名考生中进行了一次调查(survey)。 以下是调查数据: 偶像(idol) 伟人 父母 影视明星 体育明星 没有偶像 女生 18% 25% 50% 6% 1% 男生 18% 11% 14% 48% 9%

[写作内容] 根据以上数据, 写一篇短文, 包括以下内容: 1. 调查时间、调查问题以及调查对象。 2. 男女生在以“明星”为偶像方面的差异。 3. “父母”在男女生偶像中的排序差异。 4. 男女生在以“伟人”为偶像方面的异同。 5. 你的偶像及理由。 Last week, we did a survey among 2,600 students on “who is your idol”. The survey shows that half of the girls choose film and TV stars as idols, while 48% of the boys figure sports stars. As the data shows, “parents” ranks the second for the girls,but the fourth for the boys. However, the percentage of the boys choosing “great figures” is the same as that of the girls. As for myself, Thomas Edison is my idol because his inventions have greatly changed our life.

三、活动安排
相关短语 1. hold a singing contest 举行唱歌比赛 2. make full notes 做详细的笔记 3. give a lecture 作演讲;做讲座 4. have a picnic/barbecue 野餐/烧烤 5. sign up (for) 报名(参加) 6. enter a race 报名参加赛跑 7. broaden one?s horizons 开阔眼界 8. save energy 节能 9. organize a speech contest 组织一次演讲比赛 10.enjoy art performances 享受文艺汇演 11. enrich our school life 丰富我们的校园生活 12. increase/enrich knowledge 增长知识
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13. protect the environment 保护环境 14. exercise our willpower 锻炼我们的意志力 15. raise environmental awareness 提高环保意识 16. cultivate our awareness of teamwork 培养团队意识 17. make good preparations for 为……做好充分准备 18. improve our spoken English 提高我们的英语口语 19. improve the writing ability in English 提高英语写作能力 20. develop our ability to use English 培养我们使用英语的能力 相关句式 1. 你很快就要回去,所以我们将于本周六晚上六点在阳光俱乐部 302 房举行欢送会。 It?s a pity that you have to go back soon,so a farewell party for you will be held in Room 302 in the Sun Club at 6: 00 p.m. this Saturday evening. 3. 如果你对……感兴趣,请参加……比赛。 If you are interested in…,please take part in … contest … 4. 上午,你可以先参观……然后,你可以去……下午,我建议你参观……在那里你不但可以欣 赏……而且你还可以…… In the morning you can first visit… After that,you can go to… In the afternoon,I suggest that you visit…where not only can you enjoy…but also you can… 5. 我们的户外活动将持续 3 个小时, 大约 11 点返回。 Our outdoor activity will last 3 hours,and we?ll be back at about 11: 00. 6. 如果你有兴趣,请在下周四下午五点前到办公室报名,以便我们作必要的安排。 If you are interested, please sign up at the office before 5: 00 p.m. next Thursday so that we will make necessary arrangements. 7. 文章结构以总分为主,第一句往往要清楚说明活动举办的目的或意义。表达活动目的常用 in order to do, aim to do, be aimed at doing, mean to do, be intended to do, the purpose/aim of…is to… 典 型 例 题 为迎接 6 月 5 日“世界环境日”,学校学生会准备举行一次以环保为主题的英语演讲比赛。 [写作内容] 请你根据以下内容写一个书面通知, 欢迎大家积极参与。 目的 内容 地点 报名时间 报名方式 比赛时间 评奖 增长环保知识;提高英语口语 “保护环境,节约能源” 教学楼五楼演讲大厅 5 月 25 日前 studentcenter@163. com 6 月 5 日星期五下午 4:00~5:30 一等奖 3 名,二等奖 6 名,三等奖 12 名

Notice World Environment Day is approaching , so the Students? Union is going to organize an English-speaking contest,the theme of which/ whose theme is: “Protect our environment and save our energy ” to increase our knowledge about the environment and improve our spoken English. The
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contest will be held in the Lecture Hall on the 5th floor in the classroom building from 4:00 p.m. to 5:30 p.m., on Friday afternoon June 5th. Those who want to participate in the contest are supposed to sign up at studentcenter@ 163. com before May 25th. Lots of prizes will be delivered for the contest, including three first prizes,six second and twelve third ones. Dear fellow schoolmates,you are warmly welcome to be there and thanks for your participation. The students? Union

四、人物介绍
相关短语 1. be born in a poor family 出生于贫穷家庭 2. attend school 上学 3. at the age of 在……岁时 4. during his childhood 在他童年时 5. sense of humour 幽默感 6. be always ready to 总是乐于 7. modest and honest 谦虚诚实 8. be regarded as 被认为是 9. have a gift for 在……方面有天赋 10. work hard at 致力于 11. devote one?s life to 致力于 12. graduate from 从……毕业 13. take an active part in 积极参加 14. optimistic and open-minded 乐观开朗 15. be admitted to 被……录取;考入 16. go abroad for further studies 出国深造 17. be honored for 因……而受到尊敬 18. dream of being a writer 梦想成为作家 19. make contributions to 对……作出贡献 20. have a strong interest in 对……有浓厚兴趣 21. in one?s thirties 在某人三十多岁时 22. by network/online learning 通过网络学习 23. manage to do sth.设法做成某事 24. got one?s first degree 获得第一个学位 25. get/obtain a master?s degree 获得硕士学位 26. get/win praise from one?s teacher 受到老师表扬 27. set a world record 创造一项世界记录 28. arrange one?s study time 安排学习时间 相关句式 1. 他小时候就对数学非常感兴趣。 When he was a boy, he showed a great interest in maths. 2. 查尔斯· 狄更斯于 1812 年出生在一个小镇, 由于家里穷,只上了两年的学。
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Born in a small town in 1812, Charles Dickens was able to attend school for only two years owing to his poor family. 3. 作为一名教师, 她善良、助人而有耐心, 因此我们都喜欢她。 As a teacher, she is kind, helpful and patient, so all of us like her. 4. 王萍, 来自高三(3)班的一个十八岁女孩, 热爱读书。 Wang Ping, an 18-year-old girl from Class 3, Senior 3, loves reading books. 5. 她总是乐于帮助同学提高他们的阅读。 She is always ready to help her fellow classmates improve their reading. 6. 她为科研献出了一切, 对国家作出了巨大贡献。 She devoted herself to scientific research and made great contributions to her country. 7. 他被认为是中国最伟大的科学家之一。 He is considered to be one of the greatest scientists in China. 8. 她因在化学方面的科研成就被授予了诺贝尔奖。 She was awarded the Nobel prize in Chemistry for her scientific achievement. 9.描写人物性格特征时, 可使用以下句型, 丰富人物形象。 (1)“so + adj. /adv. + that”, 例: Mary is so diligent that she always comes first in her study.玛丽如此 非常勤奋,以致她的学习总是第一名。 (2) adj. +enough to do sth., 例:Bob was confident enough to solve all the problems by himself.鲍 勃有足够的信心独自解决所有的问题。 (3) “a person with + n.”, 例:John, a person with imagination, is able to make up many new stories. 约翰,一个想象力丰富的人,能够编很多故事。 10. 可使用副词或 “with + n.” 的状语结构进一步描写人物行为动作。例: (1) David carefully positioned the cup on the edge of the shelf.=David positioned the cup on the edge of the shelf with care.大卫小心翼翼地将杯子放在架子的边缘。 11. 可使用副词或 “with + n.” 的状语结构进一步描写人物行为动作。例: (1) David carefully positioned the cup on the edge of the shelf.=David positioned the cup on the edge of the shelf with care.大卫小心翼翼地将杯子放在架子的边缘。 (2) Chen Ming, who was once the champion of the English Speech Contest, is glad to share his learning methods with us.陈明,曾是一位英语演讲比赛的冠军,愿意同我们分享他的学习方法。 (3) Zhang Ming, furthering his study at Cambridge University, does a part-time job to earn extra money.张明,正在剑桥大学进修,做兼职赚外快。 典 型 例 题 (2012 广东高考)你接受了一项写作任务,要为英语校报写一篇人物介绍。 请根据以下信息,介绍一位传奇人物 姓 名:Allan Stewart 国 籍:澳大利亚 出生日期:1915 年 3 月 7 日 世界纪录:2006 年获硕士学位时年龄最大 学习态度:挑战自我,永远为时不晚。 第一个学位:1936 年获得 第二个学位:医学博士
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第三个学位:80 多岁时决定学习法律,2006 年获得硕士学位。 第四个学位:2012 年通过网络学习获得,善于合理安排学习时间,受到老师表扬。 *硕士学位:master?s degree; **博士:doctor Version 1:Allan Stewart, of Australian nationality, was born on March 7, 1915. He got his first degree in 1936 and then his second degree of Doctor of Medicine. He believed that one is never too old to challenge oneself. Therefore, in his eighties, he decided to study law, and in 2006 he set a world record for becoming the oldest person to get a master?s degree. Because he was so good at arranging his study time, he got praise from his teacher, and in 2012 he managed to get his fourth degree by network learning. Version 2:Born on March 7, 1915, Allan Stewart, (who is) an Australian, become the oldest man to obtain a master?s degree over the world in 2006. He believed that one is never too old to challenge oneself. He got his first degree in 1936 and then his doctor?s degree of medicine. In his eighties, he decided to study law, after which he obtained his third degree in 2006. In 2012, he managed to get his fourth degree by online learning and won praise from his teacher for his good time management in study.

五、现象分析
相关短语 1. stay up late 熬夜 2. play an important part 起重要 作用 3. choose to do 选择做…… 4. owing to lack of money 由于缺钱 5. feel sleepy 感到困乏 6. tend to do sth. 易于/倾向做某事 7. as a result 结果 8. improve the situation 改善这种情况 9. take measures 采取措施 10. stay slim 保持身材苗条 11. creative thinking 创造性思维 12. 80% of the students 百分之八十的学生 13. be keen on 对……感兴趣 14. migrant schools 农民工子弟学校 15. collect money 筹集资金 16. pour more money into 投入更多资金 17. the whole society 全社会 18. donate books to them 捐书给他们 19. show concern for 关心 20. take up too much time 占用太多的时间 21. grow tired of 厌倦了…… 22. do exercise 锻炼;做运动 23. The worst thing is that… 最糟糕的是……
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24. mean everything to sb.对某人来说意味着一切 25. reform the current educational system 改革现行教育制度 26. the college entrance examinations 大学入学考试(高考) 相关句式 1. 最近的调查表明, 中国青少年的健康大大下降了。 A latest survey shows that the health of Chinese youngsters has greatly declined. 2. 实际上, 早餐起着重要的作用, 因为它提供了整个身体能量的 30%。 In fact, the morning meal plays an important part because it can provide 30 percent of the whole day?s energy. 3. 结果,这些学生整天昏昏欲睡, 记忆力很差。 As a result, these students tend to feel sleepy all day and have bad memories. 4. 由于缺钱, 大多数民工学校没有现代设备, 没有操场, 没有图书馆, 甚者没有足够的师资。 Owing to lack of money, most migrant schools have no modern equipment, no playground, no libraries, and even not enough teachers. 5. 为了改善这种情况, 我们政府应当采取措施帮助他们。 In order to improve the situation, our government should take measures to help them. 典型例题 (2010 揭阳一模) 假设你是李华,你和你的同学共同对你所在城市的民工学校(migrant schools) 进行了调查。了解情况之后你写信给某英语报。 [写作内容] 民工学校现状 1.设施:无现代设备;无操场;没有图书馆 2.师资:缺乏 3.民工子弟:跟我们一样热爱学习 改善条件建议 1.政府:采取措施投入资金,改善条件 2.学生:筹集资金;捐献图书 3.呼吁:全社会的人关注民工孩子,让他们享有平等教育机会 Dear Editor, Recently,my classmates and I made a survey about the migrant schools in our city. Problems do exist. Owing to the lack of money, most migrant schools have no modern equipment, no playground, no libraries, and even not enough teachers. However, we find that the migrant kids are just as keen on study as us. In order to improve the situation, we think our government should take measures to pour more money into migrant schools. As for us, the local students, can help to collect money or donate books to them. We do hope that the whole society can care more about migrant kids, because if everyone contributes a bit, migrant kids can surely enjoy equal education opportunity. Yours sincerely Li Hua

六、正反观点
相关短语 1. as far as I can see 依我看 2. promote economic development 促进经济发展
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3. as for sb./ sth. 至于某人/某事物 4. hold /have /take the view that…认为 5. hold the opposite view 持相反的观点 6. hold the opinion that /think /believe…认为…… 7. allow sb to do sth 允许某人做某事 8. disagree with/be against/be opposed to 反对 9. get out of the habit of 改掉……的习惯 10. the majority of /the minority of 大多数/少数… 11. agree with/approve of/be in favor of/be for 赞成 12. in my opinion/in my view/to my point of view 依我看 13. arouse sb?s interest (in)激发某人(对…)的兴趣 14. develop/get into/form the habit of 养成…的习惯 15. have/hold a discussion (on /about…) (就…)进行讨论 16. it is convenient for sb to do sth 某人方便做某事 17. improve people?s living standards 提高人民的生活水平 18. Some are in favor of…because they think…besides…However, some hold the opposite opinion for the reason that… what?s worse…As far as I?m concerned…有的人赞同……因为他们认为…… 而且…… 然而,另一些人持相反的观点,因为……更糟的是…… 我认为…… 相关句式 1. 最近我们讨论了父母是否该在学校陪读。 Recently we have had a discussion about whether parents should accompany their children at school. 2. 我们中有将近 70%的人不赞同,因为他们认为这会使他们养成依赖性。 Nearly 70% of us disagree because they think it makes them fall into the habit of dependence. 3. 而我的同学中大约 30%的人认为父母有必要陪读。 While about 30% of my classmates think it necessary for our parents to accompany us. 4. 有些人同意, 他们认为互联网有助于网上交友。 Some people say yes, who think that the Internet helps make friends on line. 5. 我的意见是学生应该把学习、健康、和安全放在其他事情之前。 My opinion is that students should place their study, health and safety before other things. 6. 注意使用表示转折和对比的词,如 but,however, while,in contrast, compared with 等。 典 型 例 题 假设你是李华,你班同学开展了一场“司机醉驾是否应该处罚乘客”的讨论。 [写作内容]请你根据下表提供的信息,给报社写一封信,介绍讨论的情况,并发表你的看法。 少数同学赞成处罚乘客 大多数同学反对处罚乘客 1.减少交通事故,促进交通安全 1.乘客难以判断司机是否醉酒 2.不乘坐醉酒司机的车 ,不仅是对自己负 2. 即使乘客知道司机饮酒, 如果司机不听从 责, 也是对司机和路人负责 乘客的劝诫, 处罚乘客是不公平的 你的看法:…… Dear Editor, I’m writing to tell you about the discussion we?ve had about whether passengers who ride in a
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car driven by a drunken driver should be punished. The minority of the students hold the opinion that punishing the passengers helps to reduce traffic accidents and increase traffic safety. Not to ride in a car driven by a drunken driver is not only a responsible behavior for passengers themselves but also for the drivers and other people on the road. The majority of the students, however, disapprove of the idea, stating that it is difficult for common passengers to know whether the driver has drunk or not. What’s more, even if the passenger knows the driver has drunk alcohol and has attempted to persuade the driver not to drive, it is unfair to punish the passenger when the driver does not follow the advice. As far as I am concerned, punishing passengers as well as the drivers is not only unfair but is also hard to carry out. Yours sincerely, Li Hua

七、新闻报道
相关短语 1.waste sorting 垃圾分类 2.make good/full use of 充分利用 3. learn about the local culture 了解当地文化 4. be to set off for 将前往 5. places of interest 名胜古迹 6. an exchange visit 回访 7. gather together 集中;集合;聚集 8. get close to 靠近 9. release pressure 释放压力 10. grow up happily 快乐地成长 11. according to 根据 12. appreciate poetry 欣赏诗歌 13. exchange thoughts 交流想法 14. recite one?s works 背诵作品 15. at the invitation of 在……的邀请下 16. experience the campus life 感受校园生活 17. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 18. the best-known tourist spot 最著名的旅游景点 19.energy-saving and environment-friendly 节能环保的 20.arouse people?s awareness of 唤起人们的……意识 相关句式 1.在佛山为期一周的逗留中,这些学生们体验了中国学生的校园生活。 During their one-week stay in Foshan, the students experienced the campus life of Chinese students. 2.英国的学生们对中国学生的友好印象深刻。 The British students were impressed by the kindness of Chinese students. 3. 在一个英国学校的邀请下,华文中学的 38 名学生明年三月将启程去英国进行交流访问。 At the invitation of a British school,38 students in Huawen Middle School are to set off for Britain
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for an exchange visit next March. 4. 据说诗歌还有助于缓解压力。 It was also said that poetry could help them release pressure. 5. 很可能那位著名的体育明星也要参加火炬接力。 It?s likely that that famous sports star will also run with the torch. 6. 新闻通讯的第一句往往为全文的中心句 (topic sentence),因此这个句子中常包含四大元素 what (事件),when (时间), where(地点)和 who (人物),而在下文则要补充事件的过程和细节,往 往包括 why (目的或原因)和 how(具体过程)等。 7. 注意有关新闻类题材的一些常用语,如 It is reported that…, As is reported…, According to the report…等。 8. 语言平实客观,考生不必追求过分花哨的词汇和过于复杂的句型。 典 型 例 题 上周,一批英国学生到达佛山华文中学进行访问交流。 写作内容: 假设你是该校通讯员,请根据以下内容给当地一家报社写一篇英文报道。 时间 地点 事件 行程 佛山印象 回访计划 上周 华文中学 一批英国学生到访 了解中国学生的校园生活、参观佛山的著名景点,体验当地文化 洁净的市容、友善的学生、美味的食品 华文中学 38 名学生应邀明年三月访问英国

Huawen Middle School in Foshan City received a group of students from Britain last week. During their one-week stay in Foshan,the students experienced the campus life of Chinese students. They also visited some places of interest in Foshan and learned about the local culture. The British students were impressed by the kindness of Chinese students,cleanness of the city and niceness of food. At the invitation of a British school,38 students in Huawen Middle School are to set off for Britain for an exchange visit next March.

八、建议倡议
相关短语 1. be conducted to do sth 旨在做某事 2. take responsibility to do sth. 有责任做某事 3. log onto the website of 登录……的网站 4. gain more knowledge 获得更多知识(不用 learn) 5. enrich your mind 丰富你的头脑 6. obey the rules of the school 遵守学校的规章制度 7. don?t say dirty words 不讲脏话 8. have the chance to do sth. 有机会做某事 9. cover topics like…涵盖的主题有……
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10. arouse one?s interest 激发某人的兴趣 11. get involved in 参与;涉及 12.leave a deep impression on 给……留下深刻的印象 13.make some suggestions 提一些建议 14.protect our environment 保护我们的环境 15.the environmental pollution 环境污染 16.be of great benefit to… 对……大有好处 17.care for others 关爱他人 18. get well-prepared (for)(为…)做好充分的准备 19. make a plan 制定计划 20.the coming speech contest 即将到来的演讲比赛 21. be well-received 广受欢迎 22. take my suggestion into consideration 考虑我的建议 相关句式 1. 其主要原因是父母的压力使他们几乎没有时间参加其他活动。 The main reason is that the pressure from their parents allows them almost no time for other activities. 2. 我迟到的原因是没赶上公共汽车。 The reason why I?m late is that I missed the bus. 3. 我喜欢它, 主要有两个原因。 I like it very much mainly for two reasons. 4. 在我看来, 有三个原因。 In my opinion, there are three reasons for this. 5. 我的观点是基于以下理由。 My views are based on the following reasons. 7. 因此, 我建议你接受你朋友的建议。 So I suggest that you take your friends? advice. 8. 这里我有几条建议。 Here I have some suggestions. 9. 如果你能分担更多的家务, 如扫地、洗衣、做饭, 那就更好了。 It would be better if you could share more of the housework, such as cleaning, washing and cooking. 典型例题 节目内容 播放时间 其他设想 开办理由 预期效果 介绍广州的历史、教育、著名景点、饮食、名人 每周六、日, 方便学生周末观看 邀请中学生参加节目, 提高学生的收看兴趣 1. 中学生可以更多地了解广州文化, 以便向外国游客介绍广州 2. 有助于提高中学生的英语水平 将会受到中学生的欢迎

Dear John, I know you?re going to set up an English program for middle school students. So I?m writing to suggest a program — “All-round Guangzhou”. This program will cover topics like the history,
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education, famous scenic spots, food and famous people of Guangzhou. It would be better to broadcast it on weekends so that we students can have the chance to watch it. Besides, you can also invite some middle school students to get involved in the program, which will surely arouse other students? interest in it. Not only will this program help students improve their English, but also get them to know more about the culture of Guangzhou so as to introduce Guangzhou to foreign visitors. I am sure it will be well-received by the middle school students. I hope you can take my suggestion into consideration. Sincerely yours, Li Hua

九、项目介绍
相关短语 1. be founded on May 1 成立于 5 月 1 日 2. meet the needs of 满足……的需要 3. be designed for 为……设计 4. develop into 发展成为 5. grow steadily 稳定增长;稳步发展 6. convey a message 传达一个信息 7. be suited to 适合 8. be fit for/be suitable for/be appropriate for 适合 9. be similar to 与……相似 10. be considered to be 被认为是…… 11. make an analysis of 分析 12. be popular with 为……所喜欢,受……欢迎 13. present new ideas 提出新想法 14. change people?s way of life 改变人们的生活方式 15. appeal to sb. 引起某人的好感 16. sth be available to sb.某物被提供给某人 17. be closely related to life 与生活密切相关 18. make it possible for sb. to do sth.使某人做某事成为可能 相关句式 1. 射击, 原先是一种生存手段, 只是到了十九世纪晚期才发展成一种运动项目。 Shooting, originated as a means of survival, developed into a sport only in the late 19th century. 2. 到了 1968 年才允许女子参加奥运射击项目。 Women were first allowed to compete in the Olympic shooting only in 1968. 3. 苹果 4, 即触屏智能手机, 是苹果的第五代产品。 The iPhone 4, a touch-screen smart phone, is the fifth generation of the iPhone. 4. 最令人称奇的是, 你可以利用声音命令它发出信息。 What is most amazing is that you can order it to do things like sending messages with your voice. 5. 鼓励学生阅读相关的读物, 提供他们一个发展的平台。 Students are encouraged to do a lot of related reading, which provides them with a platform for
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development. 6. 根据自己的兴趣, 每个学生可以从 20 门课程中选两门。 Every student can choose two subjects out of 20 according to their own interests. 典型例题 你很荣幸地成为 2008 北京奥运会的一名志愿者, 负责编写奥运比赛项目的英语介绍。 [写作内容] 请根据以下中文提纲,编写射击项目的英语介绍: 背景:射击最初只是生存工具, 19 世纪末发展成为一项体育运动 1896:第一次成为奥运项目 1904:中断 1928:中断 1932:重回奥运会 1968:第一次允许妇女参加奥运射击比赛 现状:稳步发展,1896 奥运会只有三项射击项目, 现今有 17 项 Shooting, originated as a means of survival, developed into a sport only in the late 19th century. The sport first appeared in 1896, but none were contested during the 1904 and 1928 Games. The sport returned to the Olympics in 1932. Women were first allowed to compete in the Olympic shooting in 1968. The sport has grown steadily from just three shooting events at the 1896 Olympic Games to 17 today.

十、经历感受
相关短语 1. organize an activity 组织活动 2. meet/gather at the school gate 在校门口集合 3. sing the national song 唱国歌 4. take part in the speech contest 参加演讲比赛 5. search the Internet 上网搜索 6. have a chat with sb.和某人聊天 7. have a discussion 进行讨论 8. put on wonderful performances 表演精彩节目 9. once-in-a-life-time 难得的 10. start a five-day tour 开始为期五天的旅行 11. can?t wait to do 迫不及待地做 12. an unforgettable trip 一次难忘的旅行 13. be impressed by 对……印象深刻 14. set a good example to us 为我们树立好榜样 15. win the first prize 获得一等奖 16. take great pains to do sth.不遗余力地做某事 17. be thought highly of 受到高度赞扬 18. have a sense of duty/responsibility 有责任感 19. be grateful to sb. 向某人致谢 20. express one?s gratitude to sb.表达对某人的感激
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相关句式 1.我们正在上语文课,老师突然滑倒了。 Last Monday, we were having our Chinese class when the teacher suddenly slipped and fell. 2. 我们正要出发, 这时天下起雨来了。 We were about to set off when it began to rain. 3. 我刚刚躺下,这时电话铃响了。 I had just lain down when the telephone rang. 4. 他一演讲完观众就欢呼起来。 Hardly had he finished his speech when the audience started cheering. ( 同 义 句 式 : no sooner…than… / as soon as…) 5. 一到达,我们就开始工作。 Upon arrival, we began to work immediately. 6. 一听到铃声,学生都尽快跑进教室。 On hearing the bell, students ran into the classroom as quickly as they could. 7. 我让他进来后不久, 他就伏在桌上哭了起来。 Shortly after I let him come in, he cried on his desk. 8. 在那之后, 我们举行了聚会。有的人唱歌, 有的人跳舞或轮流讲故事。 After that, we had a party. Some of us sang; others danced or told stories in turn. 9. 记叙文多涉及情感相关的单词 ,考生平时可以多积累这样的单词或短语, 如 an unforgettable experience, to my joy/ delight, be satisfied/content with 等等。 典型例题 假设你参加了你校在世界艾滋病日(the World Aids Day)组织的“关爱生命携手?艾滋?儿童”的活 动。 [写作内容] 请你写一篇英文日记,叙述活动情况,内容如下: 时间:2013 年 12 月 1 日 星期六 8:30 启程 集合地点:校门口 车程:一个半小时自行车车程 目 的 地:红十字会医院 活动内容:亲切交谈、牵手跳舞、赠送礼物、拍照留念、共进午餐后返回 感受:…… December 1st 2013 Sunday Fine Today is the World AIDS Day, so our school organized an activity called “Take care of our lives, hand in hand with Aids children”. At 8:30 a.m., we volunteers gathered at the school gate and started our bike trip,which took us about one hour and a half. Soon after we got to the Red Cross Hospital, where most Aids children are staying,we began to have close chats with them to see how their life is going,and then we danced happily together. Having got to know them so well, we presented our gifts,took lots of photos and ate lunch together before we came back. I feel very great to see the Aids children so happy when they are not ignored and taken good care of.

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