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Unit 2

English around the world 基础落实

1.He stopped in front of the mirror to put

his tie straight . ?
2.She went on a long sea v oyage . ? 3.After a few years,she was sent back to her

n ative country.
4.It turned out that one of the children I thought was a girl was a ctually a boy. ?

5.Of the phrases “go crazy” and “go nuts”,the latter is used less frequently.

6.Traditionally,miners requested(要求) higher
wages than other workers. 7.Reading is one of the best ways of enlarging your vocabulary (词汇量). ? 8.She was fluent (流利的) in English,French,

and German.
9.It is important to recognize(承认) how little we know about this disease. ? 10.“I’m not eating it,” Maria said,with an

expression (表情) of disgust on her face.

1. come up 走近,上来,被提出 2. be based on 以??为基础? 3. at present 现在,目前? 4. make use of 利用,使用? 5. play a part/role in 扮演??角色;参与, 在??中起作用?

6. more than 不仅,多于?
7. at the end of 在??末端,在??末期? 8. even if 即使,尽管,但是? 9. a large number of 许多,大量? 10. without a second thought 不假思索

1.Native English speakers can understand each other even if they don’t speak the same kind of English.以英语为母语的人,即使所讲

考点提炼 本句中的even if相当于 even though , 意为“ 即使,尽管”,引导让步状语从句。even if/though所引导的让步状语从句可用现在时代替 将来时。?

2.Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.如今学英语的中

国人在快速增多。? 考点提炼
本句的主语是the number of(??的数 量/数目),故谓语动词用 单数 。 3.Why do you think people all over the world want to learn English?你认为世界各地的人们为

什么都要学英语呢?? 考点提炼 本句中do you think是 插入语 ,这种疑
问句叫双重疑问句。根据疑问词是否作主语,这种 句式可分为以下两种情况:?

(1)作主语的疑问代词+do you think/believe/ suppose/imagine/guess/say/consider/suggest+

(2)不作主语的疑问词+do you think/believe/ suppose/imagine/guess/say/consider/suggest+ 主语+谓语+其他。 4.It is not easy for a Chinese person to

speak English as well as a native English
speaker.对中国人来说,想把英语说得像英国人 一样好,并不是件容易的事。?



to speak English as well as a native English
speaker 。该句是句式“It is/was+adj.(+for sb.) +to do...”的具体应用,for sb.表示不定式to do...的动作是由谁发出的。? 当作表语的形容词是表示不定式逻辑主语的特征,即 形容词用来描述不定式行为发出者的性格、品行等

时,要用“It is/was+adj.+of sb.+to ” do... 句型。此类形容词常见的有: kind,nice,clever,
wrong,right,foolish,wise,stupid,rude,careless, brave,polite等。在这种句型中,sb.可以作句子的主 语。

5.This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected

to speak excellent English.这是因为在早些
时候,人们期望电台节目中的新闻播音员英语说 得很棒。? 考点提炼 this/that is because...意为 “ 这/那是因为?? ”,because...在句子中

作表语,because引导一个表示 原因 的句子。?
that is why...后面跟的是表示 结果 的句子, 译为“那是??的原因”。

重点单词 1.base
It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.(回归课本P10) 观察思考? This book is based on a true story.? 这本书讲的是一个真实的故事。? They decided to base the new company in York. 他们决定将新成立的公司总部设在约克郡。? What are you basing this theory on?? 你这种理论的根据是什么?

归纳总结? base v.以??为根据;把(总部等)设在 。? be based on...以??为根据 (1) ? the base for ??的根据地 (2)base与basis的区别:? 二者都有“基础”的意思。base所指的“基础”是 具体的;basis所指的“基础”是抽象的。?

the base of a building 建筑物的根基(基础,底
部)? the economic basis经济基础? (3)on the basis of根据??;以??为基础?

即学即用? (1)他把希望寄托在我们昨天得到的好消息上。? He based his hopes on the good news we had yesterday. (2)这部小说是以事实为根据的。? The novel is based on fact. ?

Can you find the following command and request from Reading?(回归课本P12)

He commanded the soldiers to attack.? =He commanded that the soldiers (should)

他命令士兵们进攻。? I never promised to obey her commands.?

Mr.Smith has a good command of spoken English.? 史密斯先生对英语口语掌握得很好。

归纳总结 command v. & n.命令;指挥;掌握;博得 。?

(1)at sb.’s command听某人支配?
under one’s command由??指挥? under the command of sb.在??指挥之下? have (a) command of掌握;精通(尤指语言)? take command of控制?

(be) in command of掌握,控制?
(2)command sb.to do sth.命令某人做某事? command that...(should) do...命令???

(1)军队由国王直接统率。? The army is under the king’s command . (2)她精通法语。? She has a good command of the French


In English you use a command or a request when you want someone to do something. (回归课本P12) ? 观察思考? She refused all the requests for an interview.? 她拒绝了所有要求采访的请求。? They have made an urgent request for international help.? 他们迫切要求国际社会的援助。? I requested that he (should) leave at once. 我要求他马上离开。

归纳总结? request v. & n.请求;要求 。?

(1)make (a) request for...请求;要求???
at sb.’s request=at the request of sb.应某 人之要求? by request (of)照需要;依照请求;应邀? on request一经要求?

(2)request sb.to do sth.请求某人做某事?
request that sb.(should) do sth.请求??? request sth.from/of sb.向某人请求某物? It is requested that...据要求???

即学即用? (1) B A.On her request,Tom went out immediately B.At C.Till D.In C

to help her out.?
(2)We all agreed to his request that he to Dalian for sightseeing.? A.went B.were going ?


D.shall go

Although many Americans move a lot,they

still recognize and understand each other’s dialects.(回归课本P13)
观察思考? Line up these men and see if the witness can recognize the criminal.? 让这些人站成一排,看看证人能否从中把罪犯认 出来。? I recognized him though we were apart for


Everyone recognized him to be a lawful heir

of the money.?
大家都承认他是那笔钱的合法继承人。 归纳总结? recognize v.辨认出;承认。? (1)recognize sb./sth.by/from...根据??认出

be recognized to be/as...被认作??/被认为 是??? It is recognized that...人们公认??? (2)recognition n.认识;认出? out of/beyond recognition认不出来?

Well,go round the corner on your left-hand

side, straight on and cross two streets.
(回归课本P15) 观察思考? A straight line is the shortest distance between two points.? 两点之间直线最短。? It’s time for some straight talking.? 现在该开诚布公地谈谈了。? There was no wind.The smoke rose straight upward.? 因为没有风,所以烟笔直地往上升。

归纳总结? straight adj.& adv.直的;坦诚的;直接;一 。? 直v.弄直;使正确;整顿? straighten go straight改过自新? straight away马上,立即?

set sb.straight纠正某人? 即学即用? A A road goes from our college to the city center.? A.straight;straight B.straightly;straightly? C.straight;straightly D.straightly;straight

重点短语与句型 6.because of
Later in the next century,people from England made voyages to conquer other

parts of the world and because of that, English began to be spoken in many other


(1)The open-air B celebration has been put off the bad weather.?
A.in case of C.instead of B.in spite of? D.because of?


7.come up
I’d like to come up to your apartment.

观察思考? He came up to me and asked for a light.? 他走到我跟前来借火。? The subject came up in conversation.?


归纳总结? come up意为: 走近;出现;被提及。?

come about产生?
come on赶快,快点;发展? come down降落;跌落;流传?

come to苏醒;共计;达到?
come along跟随,跟着来;进步,进展;出现;到达 come across偶遇,碰到;产生效果? come by收到;得到;(为看望某人)作短暂拜访? come true成为现实;证实?

come up with找到或提出(答案、办法等)

即学即用——用come的相关短语填空? (1)As the project came up at the meeting, it drew everybody’s attention. ? (2)During your English study,you will come across many difficulties.

8.at present?
It was based more on German than the English we speak at present. (回归课本P10) 观察思考? We do not have any more information at present.? 目前我们没有进一步的消息。?

The situation for college students is very
serious at present.? 对于大学生来说形势是很严峻的。

归纳总结? at present意为: 目前,眼下 。?

at the present time (=for the present) 眼前,
暂时? be present at the meeting出席会议? be present to mind放在心里;记忆犹新? be present to出现在??上?

present sb.with sth.把某物赠给/颁发/授予某人
present sth.to sb.把某物颁发给某人? present sth.to sb.向某人提交(出)某物? present sth.展现某物?

即学即用? (1)出席这次会议的大部分人是科学家。?

Most of the people resent at the conference were scientists.
(2)她现在很忙,不能同你说话。? She’s busy at present and can’t speak to you.

9.more than?
Do you know that there is more than one kind of English?(回归课本P9)

观察思考? More than 100 scientists attended the meeting.? 有100多位科学家参加了这次会议。? He is more than a writer;he is also a professor.? 他不仅仅是位作家,还是一位教授。? They were more than glad to help. ? 他们非常乐意帮忙。? The fox is more sly than clever. ? 与其说狐狸聪明,不如说它狡诈。

归纳总结? (1)more than+数词,意为“ 超过,不止”,相当

(2)more than+名词,意为“ 不仅,不只”,相当 于not only。? (3)more than+形容词,意为“非常,极其 ”,相 当于very。?

(4)more...than...意为“与其说??不如说?? ”,
在此结构中,肯定的是more后面的内容,而否定的是 than后面的内容。?

(5)no more than只不过,仅仅? not more than不超过,至多?

other than不同于;除了?
rather than而不是? no less than和??一样,不少于? no other than恰恰是,正是? less than不到,少于(后接数词,与more than


即学即用? (1)To tell you the truth,I think it is you, B



A.less than;which are to be blamed ? B.rather than;that are to blame? C.other than;that is to blame? D.more than;who is to blame

(2)—I’m C happy to take you there in my car.?
—You are so nice.Thank you.? A.rather than C.more than B.other than? D.less than

10.So people from the mountains in the southeastern USA speak with almost the same dialect as people in the northwestern USA.因此,美国东南部山区的人同美国西北部地

典例体验? You must show my parents the same respect as you show me.? 你必须像尊重我一样尊重我的父母。? Women received the same pay as men.? 女人得到的薪水和男人的一样。

归纳总结? (1)本句中的the same修饰 dialect ,此时dialect 后面的as...应看作 关系代词引导的定语从句。as在 引导限制性定语从句时,常与 such , the same连用, as在从句中充当主语、宾语或表语。? (2)it’s the same with...意为“ ??也一样, 表示某人或某物的情况也适用于另一个人或物,此时也

可用 so it is with...。? John studies well and is always ready to help
others.And it is the same with Mike.? 约翰学习好,又乐于助人。迈克也一样。?

易混辨异 the same...as,the same...that?

(1)the same...as和the same...that有时可以互换。
He told me the same story as/that he had told you.? 他给我讲的故事和给你讲的一样。? (2)the same...as强调的是类型的相同。?

This is the same pen as I used yesterday. ?
这支钢笔和我昨天用的那支一样。(as表示同类型的 钢笔)

(3)the same...that强调的是物体本身的相同。?

This is the same pen that I used yesterday. ?
这就是我昨天用的那支钢笔。(that表示同一支钢 笔)?

略,但使用that时定语从句中的动词不可省略。? Women received the same pay that men received. 女人得到的薪水和男人的一样。


Sound is conducted through glass in the same
manner B . ? B.as through air? D.like air A.as in air C.as air does ?

1.利用合成法,品句填词? (1)He was hungry and wanted to dine ,so he went to the dining room .(dine) ? (2)After morning exercises,I went to the bathroom to have a bath .(bath) (3)This factory has many workrooms for workers to work in.(work)

串联扩展 名 词
bath 洗澡 wash 洗 sale 销售 bed 床 room

名 词

合 成 词
bathroom 浴室

washroom 厕所
salesroom 拍卖场 bedroom 卧室 reception room 接待室,会客室

reception 接 待
rest 休息

restroom 洗手间 公共厕所

动 词 dress 穿 衣 live 生活 wait 等待

名 词

合 成 词 dressing room

更衣室 起居室,客厅

room living room 候车室 waiting room 阅览室 reading room 起居室 room sitting room 餐厅 dining room

read 读
sit 坐 dine 吃饭

(1)The solution he used to solve the problem of waste disposal seemed

unreasonable. (solve) ?
(2)WHO is an international organization which was organized by the UN.(organize) (3)His suggestion of making friends with people around suggests he is very kind

and easy to get along with.(suggest)

串联扩展 动 后缀 communicate交流;联 ? 系 determine 决心 prepare 准备 pollute 污染 situate 使位于,使坐 落在 locate 坐落在 -tion 词 名词 communication 交流; 通信 determination 决心;确定 preparation 准备,预备 pollution 污染,弄脏

situation形势,情况 location 位置

【例1】We are invited to a party club next Friday. A.to be held A in our (山东高考) B.held?

C.being held D.holding? 解析 party和hold之间是被动关系,由句中的时间 状语next Friday可知应用表示将来的不定式短语to be held作后置定语。 课文原文? Later in the next century,people from England made voyages to conquer other parts of the world...

【例2】For breakfast he only drinks juice from fresh fruit A.grown? C.to be grown? A on his own farm. (北京高考) B.being grown D.to grow?


fruit grown on his own farm 他自己的农

场种植的水果。grow与fruit之间为逻辑上的动宾 关系,故用过去分词作定语。B项表示正在进行, C项表示还未发生,均不符合题意。 课文原文? At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today.

【例3】One of the few things you

D say about English people with certainty is that

they talk a lot about the weather.
(北京高考) A.need 解析 B.must C.should D.can? 句意为:你能够确切地说出的有关英国人


课文原文 Native English speakers can understand each other ?even? if they don’t speak the same kind of English.

【例5】She had just finished her homework

A her mother asked her to practise playing the piano yesterday.(福建高考)
A.when 解析 “这时”。 课文原文 B.while C.after D.since? 由句意可知此处when用作并列连词,意为

Actually all languages change and develop
when cultures meet and communicate with each other.

1.Many students attended the lecture, including our monitor.

2.Though he is a n ative English speaker,he can not speak English very fluently.
3.Nowadays,many tall buildings have e levators for people to go up and down. ? 4.He thought I had known the fact.But a ctually ,I knew nothing about it. 5.After the war,a new g overnment was set up for that country.

6.Though I haven’t met him for many years, I could recognize him immediately when I

saw him in the crowd.
7.The people present at the meeting were all for the suggestion. ? 8.If you spend more time reading your English, you can improve it r apidly .

9.Luckily,after the earthquake,the people have
got a lot of international help. 10.The ball went in the d irection of the man sitting in a boat on the river.

come up,base...on,in all directions,more... than,have fun,because of,such as,lead to, make full use of,recognize one’s accent 1.Hard work led to his success.? 2.The film is based on a novel by D. H.Lawrence.?

3.You’re sure to have fun at the party tonight.You can meet your friends there.
4.Oil must be made full use of to serve the people well.?

5.I have a lot of close friends, such as Li Ming and Wang Fang.

6.A lot of advice came up at yesterday’s
meeting.? 7.We’ll have to stay at home because of the bad weather.? 8.When the police arrived,the crowd ran away in all directions . 9.Where are you from?I can’t recognize your accent .? 10.He is more thoughtful than stupid.

1.More than one person has a good command of (精通) English in the research unit. 2.Science is playing a more and more important role/part (起着越来越重要的作用) in developing agriculture. ? 3.All the members are requested to attend the party (被要求参加聚会). 4.Most countries in the world recognize Taiwan as part of China (把台湾当作中国的一部分).

1.No one likes the way B others.? A.which ?解析 B./ C.how he speaks to D.if



2.Not only China but also other countries B trying to develop their own economy. ? A.is B.are C.has D.be ?解析 not only...but also连接两个并列名词或 代词作主语时,句子的谓语动词要由but also后 面的名词或代词决定,此处由other countries决 定,故选B项。

3. D

get such a book?

A.Where do you think can I

B.Do you think where I can?
C.Do you think where can I D.Where do you think I can ?解析 do you think应放在where之后,且其后的 部分要用陈述语序,所以选D项。句意为:你认为


4.The number of people who foreign language


English as a

more than 750 million.

C.learns;are 解析



动词要用复数;the number of修饰名词作主语时, 表示“??的数量”,谓语动词用单数。故选D项。


7.Most of us don’t know the differences
D the lives of Chinese and British high school students.? A.among 解析 B.in C.from D.between 此处是指两者的区别,故应用between。句


8.The money collected should be made good use D the people in South Asia who suffered

a lot in the earthquake and the tsunami
(海啸).? A.of helping C.to helping 解析 B.to help? D.of to help

句中make use of用的是被动形式,to

被充分地利用来帮助在地震和海啸中遭受了重大 损失的南亚人。

13.I was about to give up when I idea.?

D a good

A.came about
C.put up with 解析

B.came out
D.came up with


好主意。come about发生,产生;come out出 版,出现;put up with忍受;come up with提


14.The recent stories in this magazine, one of yours,have been


in the list

of the best ones.?
A.including;including B.included;including? C.including;included D.included;included




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