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2012湖北省高考英语试题及答案


2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖北卷)





本试题卷共 16 页,81 题。全卷满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第二部分:词汇知识运用(共两节,满分 30 分)
第一节:多项选择(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满

分 10 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 例:To make members of a team perform better, the trainer first of all has to know their _____ and weaknesses. A. strengths B. benefits C. techniques D. values 答案:A 21. Two lawyers have donated $50,000 to ________ our school’s campaign “Help the Needy”, which was started by our former headmaster three years ago. A. sponsor B. launch C. organize D. plan 22. Finally, my thanks go to my tutor, who has offered a lot of suggestions and comments on my paper and ________ every page of my draft. A. approved A. hold up A. lead to B. quoted B. keep up B. see to C. polished C. set up C. turn to D. folded D. take up D. refer to 23. Walking alone in the dark, the boy whistled to ________ his courage. 24. I’m so glad you’ve come here to ________ this matter in person. 25. The furniture, with its modern style and bright colors, suits modern houses and their gardens, but looks _______ in the garden of a traditional home. A. out of question B. out of order C. out of sight D. out of place 26. “Perhaps we need to send for Dr. Smith to see what we can do about it,” Father suggested ________ to his neighbor who had come to discuss the problem. A. tentatively B. thoughtlessly C. definitely D. rudely 27. Can you tell the ________ difference between the words “require” and “request”?

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I sometimes get puzzled by their meanings. A. dramatic B. regional C. apparent D. subtle 28. Whether the buildings in this area should be pulled d own has remained ________; people are still looking for other possible solutions. A. unchallenged B. relevant C. controversial D. contradictory 29. It is important to have your eyes examined regularly to check for any sign of eye disease that may not have any ________. A. symptom for a visa. A. pattern B. procedure C. program D. perspective B. similarity C. sample D. shadow 30. The officer insisted that Michael did not follow the correct ________ in applying

第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以 填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

I tend to accept any idea put forwa rd by experts on TV. One day, a sociologist proposed that the 31 society has been consuming modern humans little by little. 32 hurried to a

For fear that I would become a victim of the consumer society, I bicycle shop in my neighborhood. 33

the shopkeeper Mr. Johnson was selling 34 have done. Life has 36 things:

me the bicycle, he said, “This is the best thing you become hopelessly 35

. A bicycle is simple, and it brings to you

fresh air, sunshine and exercise.” I agreed. Happy as a child, I got on the bicycle and headed out onto the streets. After some time, I was 38 37 at the other end of the town. I 39 long distances in a fairly

that this simple vehicle could let me 40 did I really go? 41

short time. But how

Since I hated to be

, I went back to Mr. Johnson and asked him to 43

42

an odometer (里程表) on my bicycle. He agreed, but a speedometer (速度计) is like a 44

, “An odometer without

without a knife. ” I admitted he was right
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and in a few minutes, the two devices (装置) were

45

to the handlebars of my

bicycle. “What about a horn? ” he then asked. “Look, this horn is no larger than a matchbox and has many 46 . ” Attracted by these functions, I bought the horn. 47 , ” noted Mr. Johnson. He fixed a metal

“You can’t leave the back part box with buttons when you feel strong enough to 49 50 48

the seat, and said, “Is there anything better than this oven on your way? I can give you a special discount. ” I was not the offer.

“I congratulate you once more; this is the best thing you could have done , ” said Mr. Johnson in the end. 31. A. adult 32. A. eventually 33. A. Although 34. A. would 35. A. boring 36. A. natural 37. A. gave up 38. A. amazed 39. A. march 40. A. far 41. A. unreliable 42. A. fix 43. A. swore 44. A. pencil 45. A. distributed 46. A. shapes 47. A. loose 48. A. beside B. human B. immediately B. Because B. should B. complicated B. mysterious B. broke down B. amused B. drive B. long B. impractical B. check B. added B. fork B. converted B. sizes B. blank B. before C. consumer C. reluctantly C. As C. must C. stressful C. complex C. calmed down C. confused C. cover C. fast C. unprepared C. repair C. replied C. box C. applied C. functions C. bare C. below D. bachelor D. gratefully D. Unless D. could D. tough D. unique D. ended up D. concerned D. measure D. deep D. inaccurate D. lay D. concluded D. cake D. attached D. models D. incomplete D. behind
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49. A. sick 50. A. consider

B. hungry B. withdraw

C. hot C. make

D. thirsty D. resist

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、 B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A

You’ve just come home, after living abroad for a few years. Since you’ve been away, has this country changed for the better—or for the worse? If you’ve just arrived back in the UK after a fortnight’s holiday, small changes have probably surprised you—anything from a local greengrocer suddenly being replaced by a mobile-phone shop to someone in your street moving house. So how have things changed to people coming back to Britain after seven, ten or even 15 years living abroad? What changes in society can they see that the rest of us have hardly noticed—or now take for granted? To find out, we asked some people who recently returned. Debi: When we left, Cheltenham, my home town, was a town of white, middle-class families—all very conservative (保守的). The town is now home to many eastern Europeans and lots of Australians, who come here mainly to work in hotels and tourism. There are even several shops only for foreigners. Having been an immigrant (移民) myself, I admire people who go overseas to find a job. Maybe if I lived in an inner city where unemployment was high, I’d think differently, but I believe foreign settlers have improved this country because they’re more open- minded and often work harder than the natives. Christine: As we flew home over Britain, both of us remarked how green everything looked. But the differences between the place we’d left behind and the one we returned to were brought sharply into focus as soon as we landed. To see policemen with guns in the airport for the first time was frightening — in Cyprus, they’re very relaxed—and I got pulled over by customs officers just for taking a woolen sweater with some metal- made buttons out of my case in the arrivals hall. Everyone seemed to be on guard. Even the airport car-hire firm wanted a credit card rather than cash because they said their vehicles had been used by bank robbers. But anyway, this is still a green, beautiful country. I just wish more people would appreciate what they’ve got.

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51. After a short overseas holiday, people tend to _______. A. notice small changes B. expect small changes C. welcome small changes D. exaggerate small changes 52. How does Debi look at the foreign settlers? A. Cautiously. B. Positively. C. Sceptically. D. Critically. 53. When arriving at the airport in Britain, Christine was shocked by _______. A. the relaxed policemen B. the messy arrivals hall C. the tight security D. the bank robbers 54. Which might be the best title for the passage? A. Life in Britain. B. Back in Britain. C. Britain in Future. D. Britain in Memory. B When my brother and I were young, my mom would take us on Transportation Days. It goes like this: You can’t take any means of transportation more than once. We would start from home, walking two blocks to the rail station. We’d take the train into the city center, then a bus, switching to the tram, then maybe a taxi. We always considered taking a horse carriage in the historic district, but we didn’t like the way the horses were treated, so we never did. At the end of the day, we took the subway to our closest station, where M om’s friend was waiting to give us a ride home—our first car ride of the day. The good thing about Transportation Days is not only that Mom taught us how to get around. She was born to be multimodal (多方式的). She understood that depending on cars only was a failure of imagination and, above all, a failure of confidence— the product of a childhood not spent exploring subway tunnels. Once you learn the route map and step with certainty over the gap between the train and the platform, nothing is frightening anymore. New cities are just light-rail lines to be explored. And your personal car, if you have one, becomes just one more
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tool in the toolbox—and often an inadequate one, limiting both your mobility and your wallet. On Transportation Days, we might stop for lunch on Chestnut Street or buy a new book or toy, but the transportation was the point. First, it was exciting enough to watch the world speed by from the train window. As I got older, my mom helped me unlock the mysteries that would otherwise have paralyzed my first attempts to do it myself: How do I know where to get off? How do I know how much it costs? How do I know when I need tickets, and where to get them? What track, what line, which direction, where’s the stop, and will I get wet when we go under the river? I’m wr iting this right now on an airplane, a means we didn’ t try on our Transportation Days and, we now know, the dirtiest and most polluting of them all. My flight routed me through Philadelphia. My multimodal mom met me for dinner in the airport. She took a train t o meet me. 55. Which was forbidden by Mom on Transportation Days? A. Having a car ride. B. Taking the train twice. C. Buying more than one toy. D. Touring the historic district. 56. According to the writer, what was the greatest benefit of her Transportation Days? A. Building confidence in herself. B. Reducing her use of private cars. C. Developing her sense of direction. D. Giving her knowledge about vehicles. 57. The underlined word “paralyzed ” (in Para. 5) is closest in meaning to “_______ ”. A. displayed B. justified C. ignored D. ruined 58. Which means of transportation does the writer probably disapprove of? A. Airplane. B. Subway. C. Tram. D. Car. C

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It was a simple letter asking for a place to study at Scotland’s oldest university which helped start a revolution in higher education. A 140- year-old letter written by a lady calling for her to be allowed to study medicine at St Andrews University has been discovered by researchers. Written by Sophia Jex-Blake in 1873, the seven-page document, which urged the university to allow women to study medicine at the institution, was released yesterday on International Women’s Day. The document was discovered buried in the university archives ( 档案 ) by part-time history student Lis Smith, who is completing her PhD at St Andrews Institute of Scottish Historical Research. She said: “We knew that Sophia Jex-Blake and her supporters, in their effort to open up university medical education for women, had written to the Senatus Academicus (校评议委员会) at St Andrews in an attempt to gain permission to attend classes there, but we didn’t know documentary evidence existed. While searching the archives for information about the university’s higher certificate for women, I was astonished to come across what must be the very letter Jex- Blake wrote.” In the letter, Sophia and her supporters offered to hire teachers or build suitable buildings for a medical school and to arrange for lectures to be delivered in the subjects not already covered at St Andrews. Although her letter was not successful, it eventually led to the establishment of the Ladies Literate in Arts at St Andrews, a distance- learning degree for women. The qualification, which ran from 1877 until the 1930s, gave women access to university education in the days before they were admitted as students. It was so popular that it survived long after women were admitted as full students to St Andrews in 1892. Ms Jex-Blake went on to help establish the London School of Medicine for Women in 1874. She was accepted by the University of Berne, where she was awarded a medical degree in January 1877. Eventually, she moved back to Edinburgh and opened her own practice. 59. Sophia wrote a letter to St Andrews University because she wanted _______. A. to carry out a research project there B. to set up a medical institute there C. to study medicine there D. to deliver lectures there 60. Lis Smith found Sophia’s letter to St Andrews University _______. A. by pure chance
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B. in the scho ol office C. with her supporters ’ help D. while reading history books 61. Sophia ’s letter resulted in the establishment of _______. A. the London School of Medicine for Women B. a degree programme for women C. a system of medical education D. the University of Berne 62. When did St Andrews University begin to take full-time women students? A. In 1873. B. In 1874. C. In 1877. D. In 1892. D How is it that siblings (兄弟姐妹 ) can turn out so differently? One answer is that in fact each sibling grows up in a different family. The firstborn is, for a while, an only child, and therefore has a completely different experience of the parents than those born later. The next child is, for a while, the youngest, until the situation is changed by a new arrival. The mother and father themselves are changing and growing up too. One sibling might live in a stable and close family in the first few years; another might be raised in a family crisis, with a disappointed mother or an angry father. Sibling competition was identified as an important shaping force as early as in 1918. But more recently, researchers have found many ways in which brothers and sisters are a lasting force in each others’ lives. Dr. Annette Henderson says firstborn children pick up vocabulary more quickly than their siblings. The reason for this might be that the later children aren’t getting the same one -on-one time with parents. But that doesn’t mean that the younger children have problems with language development. Later- borns don’t enjoy that much talking time with parents, but instead they harvest lessons from bigger brothers and sisters, learning entire phrases and getting an understanding of social concepts such as the difference between “I” and “me”. A Cambridge University study of 140 children found that siblings created a rich world of play that helped them grow socially. Love-hate relationships were common among the children. Even those siblings who fought the most had just as much positive communication as the other sibling pairs.
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One way children seek more attention from parents is by making themselves different from their siblings, particularly if they are close in age. Researchers have found that the first two children in a family are typically more different from each other than the second and third. Girls with brothers show their differences to a maximum degree by being more feminine than girls with sisters. A 2003 research paper studied adolescents from 185 families over two years, finding that those who changed to make themselves different from their siblings were successful in increasing the amount of warmth they gained from their parents. 63. The underlined part “in a different family” (in Para. 1) means “_______ ”. A. in a different family environment B. in a different family tradition C. in different family crises D. in different families 64. In terms of language development, later-borns ________. A. get their parents’ individual guidance B. learn a lot from their elder siblings C. experience a lot of difficulties D. pick up words more quickly 65. What was found about fights among siblings? A. Siblings hated fighting and loved playing. B. Siblings in some families fought frequently. C. Sibling fights led to bad sibling relationships. D. Siblings learned to get on together from fights. 66. The word “feminine ” (in Para. 4) means “_______ ”. A. having qualities of parents B. having qualities of women C. having defensive qualities D. having extraordinary qualities

E Brrriiinnng. The alarm clock announces the start of another busy weekday in the morning. You jump out of bed, rush into the shower, into your clothes and out the door with hardly a moment to think. A stressful journey to work gets your blood pressure climbing. Once at the office, you glance through the newspaper with
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depressing stories or reports of disasters. In that sort of mood, who can get down to work, particularly some creative, original problem-solving work? The way most of us spend our mornings is exactly opposite to the conditions that promote flexible, open- minded thinking. Imaginative ideas are most likely to come to us when we’re unfocused. If you are one of those energetic morning people, your most inventive time comes in the early evening when you are relaxed. Sleepy people’s lack of focus leads to an increase in creative problem solving. By not giving yourself time to tune into your wandering mind, you’re missing out on the surprising solutions it may offer. The trip you take to work doesn’t help, either. The stress slows down t he speed with which signals travel between neurons (神经细胞), making inspirations less likely to occur. And while we all should read a lot about what’s going on in the world, it would not make you feel good for sure, so put that news website or newspaper aside until after the day’s work is done. So what would our mornings look like if we wanted to start them with a full capacity for creative problem solving? We’d set the alarm a few minutes ea rly and lie awake in bed, following our thoughts where they lead. W e’d stand a little longer under the warm water of the shower, stopping thinking about tasks in favor of a few more minutes of relaxation. We’d take some deep breaths on our way to work, instead of complaining about heavy traffic. And once in the office—after we get a cup of coffee— we’d click on links not to the news of the day but to the funniest videos the web has to offer. 67. According to the author, we are more creative when we are _______. A. focused B. relaxed C. awake D. busy 68. What does the author imply about newspapers? A. They are solution providers. B. They are a source of inspiration. C. They are normally full of bad news. D. They are more educational than websites. 69. By “tune into your wandering mind ” (in Para. 2), the author means “_______ ”. A. wander into the wild
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B. listen to a beautiful tune C. switch to the traffic channel D. stop concentrating on anything 70. The author writes the last paragraph in order to _______. A. offer practical suggestions B. summarize past experiences C. advocate diverse ways of life D. establish a routine for the future

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,满分 50 分)
第一节:完成句子(共 10 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 阅读下列各小题,根据汉语提示,用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子,并 将答案写在答题卡上的相应题号后。 例:______ was that the young player performed extremely well in the table tennis tournament. (delight) 令球迷欣喜的是那位年轻的球员在乒乓球锦标赛中表现得极为出色。 答案:What delighted the fans/made the fans delighted 71. With ________, some animals are facing the danger of dying out. (cut) 由于越来越多的森林被砍伐,一些动物正面临着灭绝的危险。 72. Popularly ________ American films ever made, The Godfather is a milestone of cinema. (regard) 《教父》被普遍认为是美国有史以来最好的影片之一,是电影界的一个里程碑。 73. I don’t know ________ in the novel that made him burst into tears. (what) 我不知道是小说中的什么东西使他突然泪如泉涌。 74. Little ________ what she looks like; all she cares about is her job performance. (care) 她不在乎外表,她在乎的是自己的工作表现。 75. Had we not used an out-of-date train schedule, we ________ the train. (miss) 要不是用了一张过期的列车时刻表,我们就不会误了火车。 76. However ________, I could not read his handwriting. (try) 不论我怎样努力,还是没法看清他写的字。
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77. In response to the audience’s great de mand, the play ________ in the theatre twice a week. (put) 应观众的强烈要求,这部戏将会在这个剧院每周上演两次。 78. The soldier was absent from his camp for three days without ________. (ask) 这个士兵没有请假就离开营地三天。 79. Our understanding of education, work and society is ________ of the earlier generation. (different) 我们对教育、工作和社会的认识和我们上一代人的不同。 80. Things aren’t always ________. (appear) 事情往往不是它们看上去的那样。

第二节:短文写作(共 1 题;满分 30 分) 请根据以下提示,并结合事例,用英语写一篇短文。 You cannot choose what you are given, but you can choose how you make use of it. 注意:①无须写标题,不得照抄英语提示语; ②除诗歌外,文体不限; ③文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称; ④词数为 120 左右。

2012 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(湖北卷)

英语试题答案
第一部分:听力(每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 1. B 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. A 6. A 11. A 12. C 13. C 14. A 15. C 16. A 第二部分:词汇知识运用 第一节:多项选择(每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 21. D 22. B 23. A 24. A 25. C 26. D 第二节:完形填空(每小题 1 分,满分 20 分) 31. D 32. A 33. B 34. C 35. D 36. B 41. C 42. B 43. C 44. D 45. B 46. A 7. B 17. B 8. B 18. C 9. C 19. B 10. A 20. B

27. C 37. C 47. D

28. B 38. D 48. A

29. C 39. B 49. C

30. D 40. D 50. A

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第三部分:阅读理解(每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) A 篇:51. D 52. B 53. B 54. C B 篇:55. C C 篇:59. B 60. D 61. C 62. A D 篇:63. D E 篇:67. A 68. B 69. A 70. D 第四部分:书面表达 第一节:完成句子(每小题 2 分,满分 20 分) 71. more and more forests/trees (being) cut down 72. regarded as one of the best 73. what it was 74. does she care (about) 75. would not have missed 76. hard/much I (had) tried 77. will/would be put on 78. asking for leave (first) 79. different from/than that 80. what they appear (to be)

56. D 64. C

57. A 65. A

58. D 66. A

第二节:短文写作(满分 30 分) One Possible Version Three years ago I failed an important exam in my life and became a student in an ordinary school. Disappointed as I felt at the shabby campus and the poorly-equipped classroom, I found the teachers patient and considerate. Besides, I enjoyed the friendly atmosphere in class. I decided to make the best of it. I worked hard and got along well with my teachers and classmates. Whenever I had difficulties, they were always available. Soon, I became one of the top students in my class, which greatly increased my confidence and got me motivated. My experience tells me that it is not what you are given but how you make use of it that determines who you are.

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