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外研版高中英语必修 1 重点短语汇总 Module 1 1. be similar to sth. 与…相似 be similar in 在…方面相似 2. attitude to/towards sb. 对某人的态度 3. far from 远离;远远;完全不 4. introduce sb to sb. 把某人介绍给某人 5. have fun = have a good time 开心,玩得高兴 make fun of 嘲弄;取笑 6. be enthusiastic about sb./sth. 对某人/事热心 with enthusiasm = enthusiastically 热情地 7 . follow the instructions 按照说明 under sb’s instructions 在某人的指导下 8 .in other words 换句话说 in a/one word 简言之;总之 have a word with sb 和某人说几句话 have words with sb 和某人吵架 keep one’s word 遵守诺言 break one’s word 食言 9 .look forward to sth. 期望某物 look forward to doing sth. 盼望/期待做某事 10. A is impressed with B A 对 B 印象深刻 impress sth. on sb. = impress sb. with sth. 使某人铭记某事 sth. have/ leave/make a deep impression on sb. 某事给某人留下深刻印象 11. to one’s amazement 令某人大为吃惊的是 in amazement 吃惊地 12. be disappointed with sb. 对某人失望 13. mind doing 介意做某事 14. on the screen 在屏幕上 15. be divided into 被分成 divide sth. into 把某物分成(若干部分) separate A from B 把 A 与 B 分开 16. nothing like 一点儿不像,丝毫不像 17. make mistakes 犯错误 18. not a bit 一点也不 not a little 非常 a bit of water =a little water 一点水 19. more than 不仅仅;非常;超过 more A than B 与其说 B 倒不如说 A The problem is more than I can solve. 这个问题我解决不了。 17. in a fun way 用有趣的方式 18. be bored 感到厌倦 19. feel good about doing sth. 感到做某事快乐

20. be fluent in 在某方面流利 21. So it is with A / It is the same with A A 也是如此 Module 2 1. avoid doing 避免做某事 2. be strict with sb. 对某人严格 be strict in sth. 对某事严格 strictly speaking 严格说来,严格地讲 3. admit doing 承认做过某事 be admitted to/into 被接收(入学,入院) 4. as a result (of... ) (由于... 的)结果 5. prefer to do... rather than do… would rather do…than do would do… rather than do… 宁愿做... 而不愿做 6. encourage sb. to do sth. 鼓励某人做某事 7.a couple of 两三个 10. make sure 确保;确信 11. in fact 实际上,事实上 12. tell jokes 讲笑话 play a joke on sb. 取笑某人 13. be patient with sb. 对某人有耐心 be patient of sth. 能忍受某事 with patience 耐心地 14. the first time 第一次(连词) for the first time 第一次(时间状语) 15. wave one’s hands 挥舞双手 16. “with + 复合宾语结构”指的是: with + 名词 + doing sth. with + 名词 +done with + 名词 to do with + 名词+ adj./adv./介词短语 17 .sth. is true of …某种情况适用于… 18. either… or … 或者…或者… 要么…要么… 19. appreciate (one’s ) doing sth 感激某人做某事 I would appreciate it if … 如果…,我将不胜感激 20. respect sb for sth 因某事尊敬某人 Show respect for 对…表示尊敬 in respect of =with respect to 关于 with respect 尊敬地 out of respect 出于尊敬 20. explain sth to sb =explain to sb sth 向某人解释某事 21. sth happens to sb 某事发生在某人身上 sb happen to do sth 某人碰巧做某事 22. provide sb with sth=provide sth for sb supply sb with sth=supply sth to sb

offer sb sth=offer sth to sb 给某人提供某物 23. have a problem/trouble/difficulty (in) doing sth/with sth 做某事有问题,有麻烦 Module 3 1、get on a bus 上(车、船) get off a bus 下(车、船) 2、get into the car 上车 get out of the car 下(车) 3、 take off (飞机)起飞;脱下;事业腾飞;去掉 take in 接纳;吸收;包括;领会 take over 占据;接任(职位) 4、within walking distance 走路去就可以了 in the distance 在远处 at/from a distance 稍远处,离一段距离 keep sb at a distance 同… 保持一定距离 5、abandon oneself to sth. 沉迷于某事物 an abandoned child 一个被遗弃的孩子 6. A is short for B A 是 B 的简写 be short of 缺少,缺乏 in short 总之 7. not... any more = no more not…any longer 不再??(强调动作的不再延续) 8. out of date 过时 out of order 坏了,乱了 out of danger 脱险 out of work 失业 9. refer to sth.参考;查阅;指的是 10. pass a law 通过一项法律 break a law 违反法律 11. allow/ permit sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事 allow doing sth. 允许做某事 12. the first visit to sw. 到某地的第一次参观 pay a visit to 参观,拜访 13. try to do 设法、努力做某事 try doing sth. 尝试干某事 manage to do sth. =succeed in doing sth 设法做成了某事 14.at a speed of 以?的速度 at full speed 全速 with great speed 以很快的速度 speed up 加速 slow down 减速 15. give an interview to sb. 接见某人,接受某人采访 have an interview with sb. 采访某人 16. be exhausted from/with sth. 由于某事而筋疲力尽

17. train sb/sth to do sth 训练… 做某事 18. all the time 一直,始终 at times 偶尔,有时 at a time 一次,每次 at one time 一度,曾经 at no time 决不 in no time 立刻,马上 in time 及时,迟早 on time 准时 for the time being 暂时 from time to time 偶尔有时 Module 4 1. put up put out put up with 2.so far Up to now till now 3.get away from 4.a great many 修建;张贴;举起住宿 熄灭;关(灯) ;出版;生产 忍受;忍耐;受苦 到目前为止 到目前为止 到目前为止 摆脱

5.a number of 许多;大量 6. go up 上升 go down 下沉;坠落 7.. in the city of 在?市 8. be made up of 由?组成 9..feel fortunate (in) doing sth. 做某事感到幸运 10.. make money 赚钱 11. attract sb’s attention 引起某人的注意 12. have bother in doing sth. 做某事有麻烦/费事 13. starve for sth. 渴望得到某物 starve to do sth. 渴望做某事 14 .It is + 一段时间 + since 从句(谓语用瞬间动词)自从?到现在已经过了? eg. It is 5 days since I bought the pen. 我买这支笔都 5 天了。 It is + 一 段 时 间 + since 从 句 ( 谓 语 用 延 续 性 动 词 ) 自 从 某 个 动 作 结 束 已 经 过 了 ? eg. It is 3 years since she lived here. 她都 3 年没住在这儿了。 15. This is the first time sb. have done sth. 这是某人第一次做某事 16. exchange sth. with sb. 和某人交换某物 exchange A for B 用 A 交换 B in exchange for ?与?交换 17. get in contact with = make contact with 与?取得联系 keep in contact / touch with sb. 与某人保持联系 be in / out of contact with sb. 与某人有/失去联系 18. There are times when ?有些时候?

Module 5 1. add... to... 往?加入? add to ?增加;增添 add up sth.= add sth. together 把某物加起来 add up to ?总计;总共有 2.. expand (sth. ) into ?(把某物)扩大成为? 3.in the area of 在?领域 4.be proud of 为?感到骄傲 = take pride in 5. be supposed to do 应该做某事 6. think of 想起,记起;打算;认为 think about 想;考虑 think over 仔细考虑 7.react with 与?反应 8. at the bottom of 在?的底部 at the top (of) 在(?的)上面 9. put sth. in order 把某物按顺序排列 10. arrive at / come to/ draw/reach a conclusion make a conclusion 下结论 in conclusion 最后 11.keep sth. out of... 躲开;使某物不进入? keep out sth. 使某物不得入内 12. go ahead 开始 13. mix ?with? 把?与?混合 14. take aim at sth. 把目标瞄准某物 without aim 无目的地 aim sth. at sb. 用某物瞄准某人 15. in the form of 以?的形式 fill in /out a form 填表格 16. find out 查明,弄清楚 17. the same as 和?一样 18. keep one’s balance 保持平衡 lose one’s balance 失去平衡 19. to one’s astonishment 使某人吃惊的是 Module 6 1. consist of 由?组成 2. as well 也 (常放在句) as well as 同?一样;和;同 may/might as well 最好,何不,还是?的好 3. become/be known as 作为?而出名 = be famous as be known for = be famous for 因?而著称 be known to all 众所周知


4. go down 5. come up with sth. come up 6.

下降;下沉;倒下;降低 提出,想出;赶上 某事被提出

from that moment on 从那时起 from then on 从那时起 from tommow on 从明天起 7. concentrate on/upon 聚精会神;集中思想 8. agree with sb. 同意某人的看法 agree to a plan 同意计划 agree on/upon sth. 就?取得一致意见 9. compare... with... 把?与?相比 compare... to... 比拟;比作;与?相比 10. communicate with 与??联系 11. wrap up 把……包起来;穿得暖和;完成 12. hesitate to do sth. 犹豫、顾虑做某事 13. a series of 一系列 14. have /get access to sth. 可以使用;可进入 access to sth. 接近某物的机会;进入?的权利 15. ask for permission 请求允许 16. consist of 由? 组成/构成= be made up of 17. log off 注销,退出 18. log on 联机,进入 19. via the Internet 通过网络 20. at the moment 目前

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