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人教版新课标高中英语必修1重点词汇


Yepa 新思路教育 2011.2 人教版新课标高中英语必修 1 重点词汇,短语,句子复习 必修一. M1 Unit 1 重点单词 Upset 沮丧的 ignore 忽视 tip cheat 欺骗 习惯 文化 trust 事实 loose 顶 friendship 遭受 友谊 nature 系列 自然 dare survey 自私 background discover 严重的

感激的 thunder 雷声 power situation highway recover entirely 重点短语 calm down 冷静 疯狂 爱上 故意地 面对面 外出 远离 笑话 和平生活 be concerned about according to 依照 try out 考验,试验 参加活动 碰巧做某事 记下 度假 关心 make a list of 与…相处 add up 加起来 a series of at dusk 在黄昏 hide away 把……隐藏 walk the dog 遛狗 communicate with 沟通 情况 公路 痊愈 share 分享,分担 suffer 松的 spirit 精神 favorite

series

能力 力量

quiz 考察,恶作剧

habit culture

gossip 小道传闻 community 社会 喜爱 settle solve 定居 解决

grateful selfish

understand 明白

完全地 point 观点

experience

经历

be crazy about fall in love

get along with

share sth. with sb. on purpose face to face stay away laugh at 重点句子

go through 通过,经历。完成,检查 join in

happen to do set down go on holiday

live in peace

get tired of 对…感到厌烦

I. I wonder if it’s because I haven’t been able to be outdoors for so long that I’ve grown so crazy about everything to do with nature. 2. What do you think a good friend should be like? 3. Now read how she felt after being in the hiding place since 1942. While walking the dog, you were careless and it got loose and was hit by a car. 在遛狗时,你不小心让狗挣脱了绳子,结果狗被车撞了。 I’m only able to look at nature through dirty curtains hanging before very dusty windows. It’s no pleasure looking through any longer. It’s a good habit for you to keep a diary. She found it difficult to settle and… 4. Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to, like your deepest feelings and thoughts? 你想 有一位无话不谈、能推心置腹的朋友吗? 5. I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky, the song of birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 我记得非常清楚,曾有一段时间,湛蓝的天空、鸟儿的歌 唱、月光和鲜花,从未使我心醉神迷过。 … nature is one thing that really must be experienced. People are told that their actions should be as gentle as the wind that blows from the sea. 6. It was the first time in a year and a half that I’d seen the night face to face. 这是我一年半以来第一次目睹夜晚。 7. I would be grateful if you could give me some advice. 必修一. M1

Unit 2

1

Yepa 新思路教育 2011.2 重点单词 Include 包括 culture usage 使用 request 要求 accent 助理 international actually 事实 礼貌的 传统的 native 本国的 latter modern 现代的 较后的 命令 vocabulary 词汇 petrol/gas 汽油 apartment/flat 公寓 voyage 航海 rapidly 迅速地 尤其 rule 真实的 elevator/lift 电梯

identity 身份,本人 government 政府 command polite standard 标准 block 街区 enrich 变富 direction 方向,指导

recognize 辨认 official 官方的 especially

conquer 战胜,克服 gradually 逐渐的 Spelling 拼写 settle/settler 解决 重点短语 play a role (in) be based on 扮演角色 以…为基础

play a part(in) from one place to another make use of 充分利用 come up to 达到,等于

even if

虽然,即使

the same…as… 与…一致 at present 到目前为止 the number of ……的数量

such as 如同,像 no longer 重点句子 1. 不再

However, they may not be able to understand everything. (然而,他们可能不是什么都懂。)

2.

This is because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. (这是因为英国于 1765 年到 1947 年统治过印度。) What the British call “petrol” the Americans call “gas”. (美国人把被英国人称作“petrol”的东西称作“gas”。 此处 what 引导宾语从句) …those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English. Because those who ruled England spoke first Danish and later French. Actually, it was based more on German than the English we speak at present. The US is a large country in which many different dialects are spoken. …there is more than one kind of English in the world. (more than one+单数可数名词,作主语时,谓语用单数)

3.

4.

5.

6.

It is not easy for a Chinese person to speak English as well as a native English speaker. (对于一个中国人来说把英语说得跟以英语为母语的人一样好是不容易的。) 句型:It is + adj/n+ for sb to do sth 对于某人来说做某事是… 扩充:It is + adj+ of /for sb to do sth 当句式中形容词修饰 to do sth 时用 for; 若形容词修饰 sb,则用 of. eg: It’s kind of you to help me carry the box.

7. 8.

The number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly. At first the English spoken in England between about AD 450 and 1150 was very different from the English spoken today.

必修一

M1

Unit3

重点单词: Journal/journalist/journey/trip/tour(tourist, tourism)/travel/vayage/flight fare 费用 topic 话题 flow 流动 transport 运输 finally 最后 attitude 态度 prefer 更喜欢 province 省 familiar 熟悉 cousin persuade 舒服 camp 露营 cycle/recycle 自行车 proper/properly 适当的 stubborn 固执 insist 坚持

disadvantage 缺点 record/recorder 记录 graduate 毕业 brave /bravery 有勇气的

schedule 安排,计划表 detail 细节,详情

wool 木制的

determine/determination/determined

2

Yepa 新思路教育 2011.2 freeze 冻结 inn café 重点短语: get sb interested in 对什么感兴趣 persuade sb to do care about 关心 give in(to sb) 屈服,让步 说服某人做某事 坚持做某事 make camp 露营 dream of doing 梦想做某事 不做某事 set /break(beat)/hold a record give out 分发, reliable 可靠的 afford population 人口 encourage 鼓励 gradually lucky 幸运的 source/resource 来源 special 特殊的 field 领域 temple 寺庙

给予,买得起

directions 说明书 separate 使分离

persuade sb into/out of (doing) sth put up one’s tents 担心某人

insist on sth /doing sth

care for sth/sb

give away 放弃,泄漏,出卖,分发 give off 发出,长出 be similar to 和…相似

用尽 发出 make up one’s mind 下决心 read one’s mind
be familiar with sth 和…熟悉 be familiar to sb 重点句子 1. 2.

keep/bear sth in mind 遵守/违背诺言

It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle along the Mekong River. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that we (should) find the source of the river.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Have you ever seen snowmen ride bicycles? (metaphor) To climb the mountain road was hard work but to go down the hills was great fun. After graduating from college, we finally got the chance to take a bike trip. Ever since middle school, … I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip. they are Dai, … near the Langcang River, the Chinese part of the river that is called the Mekong River in other countries. It makes wide bends or meanders through low valleys to the plains where rice grows.

必修一

M1

Unit4

重点单词: Shake 动摇 injure shock fresh well extreme dam competition 重点短语: prepare to do sth/get prepared 准备做某事 thousands of Judging by/from Dig out Be proud of 重点句子 1. 2. 3. Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep…. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000. instead of a/the number of Burst into Give honour to sb right away rise judge rescue 营救 countryside pipe 笛 bury 埋葬 track 轨道 organize burst honour 荣誉 disaster 灾难 smelly 发臭的 event canal steel 钢铁 congratulations ruin/destroy useless shelter 避难所 nervous suffering brick 砖 mine/miner earthquake imagine survivor strange/stranger steam 蒸 express trap 使…陷入困境

Shake hands with sb. Be/feel honoured by as usual at an end

4. It seemed as if the world was at an end. 5. Water, food and electricity were hard to get.

3

Yepa 新思路教育 2011.2 句型:主语+ be + adj + to do 6. All hope was not lost. 7. It’s never too late to learn. 其中 to do 用主动形式表示被动含义 活到老,学到老。

all 与 not 连用 表示部分否定

8. Then, later that afternoon, another big quake which was almost as strong as the first one shook Tangshan. 9. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. 10. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. 必修一 M1 Unit5 principle 原则 advise accept 接受 承认 重点单词: quality peaceful vote equal reward devoted offer violence 重点短语: as a matter of fact set up 建立 come to power in trouble out of work realize one’s dream of devote … to … lose heart believe in blow up 爆发,使充气 willing prisoner position 位置 criminal 罪犯 cruel 残酷的 lawyer relative fight mean continue 继续 active violence terror 恐怖 save generous 慷慨的

degree 程度,学位

educated

president 总统 easy-going legal found 建立

sincerely 真诚地 selfish mankind equal generous guidance sentence

worry about put…in prison 重点句子 1. 2. 3.

Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence. I felt bad the first time I talked to the group. the first time 相当于连词,用来引导从句 He taught us during the lunch breaks and the evenings when we should have been asleep. should have done 本应做而未做 needn’t have done 本不应做而做了 can’t have done 过去不可能做过

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

The time when I first met Nelson Mandela was a very difficult period of my life Mandela was the black lawyer to whom I went for advice. He was generous with his time, for which I was grateful. The school where I studied for only two years was three kilometers away. The day when Nelson Mandela helped me was one of my happiest. However, this was a time when one had to have……

10. The parts of town in which they had to live were the poorest parts of South Africa. 11. …. We had reached a stage where we have almost no rights at all. 12. They could not get the jobs they wanted. 13. we were put into a position in which we had either to accept we were less important or fight the government. 14. I was worried about whether I would become out of work.

4


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