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人教版高中英语必修3 重点词组整理


必修 3 重点词组复习
UNIT1:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 发生:take place 某人发生某事 :sth happen/occur to sb 饿死 : starve to death 纪念:in memory

of…;in honour of… 打扮成.. dress up as… 穿…衣服: dress up in+衣服; be dressed in… 戏弄某人 : play a trick on sb 从…中受益 :gain A from B 奖赏某人某物: award sb sth=award sth to sb 用…酬谢某人:reward sb with sth 因某事而欣赏某人:admire sb for sth 对…非常佩服:have an admiration for… 做某事很有趣: it’s fun to do sth=it’s fun doing sth 以…的形状: in the shape of… 从…获得独立:gain independence from… 允许某人做某事:permit sb to do sth=give sb permission to do sth 允许被做某事: permit doing sth 信守诺言:keep one’s word/promise 食言: break one’s promise/word 摒气:hold one’s breath 喘不过气来;lose one’s breath 上气不接下气:out of breath 因…向某人道歉: apologize to sb for (doing) sth. =make an apology to sb for (doing) sth 24. 原谅某人做某事:forgive sb for (doing) sth=forgive sb’s doing sth

UNIT2:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 节食;go on a diet; be on a diet 增加体重:put on weight=gain weight 减肥:lose weight 保持平衡;keep one’s balance 失去平衡;lose one’s balance 保持生态平衡: keep the balance of nature 对…感到厌烦: be tired of(doing) sth 因…而疲劳 be tired from… 使某人疲劳: tire sb out 出于好奇:out of curiosity 好奇地: in/with curiosity 对…感到好奇 : be curious about… 想知道:be curious to do sth 被放过: sb+get away with +doing sth 离开:get away 拿…走:get away from… 说谎:tell lies 以…打折扣;at a…discount=at a discount of…=discount the price of+sth at …% 重新赢回:win…back 查字典;consult a dictionary 与某人商量:consult with sb 就某事向某人咨询:consult sb on/about… 欠债;be in debt=run into debt 不负债:be out of debt 还清债务;pay off debts 怒目而视:glare at… …的限制: …limit to (doing)sth 对…有益处;be of benefit to+n=be beneficial to sb 从…中受益:benefit from/by… 为了…的利益: for the benefit of +N=for sb’s benefit A 对 B 有益: A benefits B 把 A 和 B 结合起来: combine A with B 削减,删减: cut down 剪去:cut out 插嘴:cut in 切断;cut off 挤进;cut through …久以前:long before+时间 不久以后: before long

UNIT3:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 抚养:bring up 提出:bring up=come up with 提前;bring forward 讲解清楚:bring out 使进入某种状态:bring into 引起: 物+bring on +结果 引起,造成: 人+bring about +结果 实现:bring about 以…为背景: be set in… 闲逛;wander through/around=hang out 行吧,往下说:go ahead 追求:go after+n 对…不利: go against 不小心地: by accident ;by chance 平安地:without accident 事实上: as a matter of fact 凝视;stare at=gaze at=fix one’s eyes on… 对…吹毛求疵: find fault with… 发现某人做某事: spot sb/sth doing sth 立刻: on the spot 在现场: on the scene 为…作出解释: account for… 考虑…take account of…=think about…=take sth into account. 寻求:seek for… 设法做成某事:seek to do sth=manage to do sth 对…有耐心: be patient with… 耐心地:with patient 对…失去信心:lose one’s patience with… =be out of patience with…=have no patience with… 相反地:on the contrary, 相反的:to the contrary 为某人保留某物:reserve sth for sb 贮存某物;keep a reserve of… 冒险: take a chance 用这种方法;in this way= in this manner=with this method=by this means 至于…as for+n,(句首) as to +N (句首,句中) 可能….: The chance is that+句子=Chances are that+句子

Unit4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 太阳系: solar system 理论上; in theory 及时做某事; in time for sth=in time to do sth 立刻;in no time 决不:at no time 每一次:at a time 曾经:at one time 对…有害; be harmful for…=do harm to +N 做某事没有害处;There is no harm in doing sth 下蛋:lay eggs 把某物放在一边:lay sth aside 停止使用:lay sth down=lay sth off 解雇某人:lay sb off 贮存某物: lay sth in 存在于…这中: exist in… 靠…为生: exist on +N 靠..生存: exist by+ving …出现,产生; .物+come into existence 有待于做某事:It remains to do sth. 分娩: 雌性+give birth to+N 天生:by birth 在出生时; at birth 使…生效: bring…to birth 轮到某人; in one’s turn 轮流做某事; take turns to do sth=take turns doing sth 阻止某人做某事;prevent sb(from) doing sth=stop sb (from) doing sth =keep sb from doing sth 某人对…迷惑; 物+a puzzle to+人 不知如何是好;be in a puzzle 对…感到迷惘:feel puzzling about… 拔出:pull out 开始;pull away 到站;pull in 披上:pull on 脱下;pull off 高兴起来;cheer up 为…加油:cheer ..on 既然;now that… 突然…: break out+ving; break into+doing 坏掉:物+break down 跨掉:人+break down 插话:break in

42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47.

解散;break up 冲垮:break through 当心: watch out (for…) 小心:watch out! 观察…: watch for… 照看,看护:watch over

UNIT5:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 首相: Prime Minister 被…围绕:be surrounded with/by.. 朝东走:go eastward 测量某物: 人+measure +对象 物+measure +计量单位(用主动表被动) 采取措施做某事: take measures to do sth 上船:go aboard=go on board 在船上:on aboard 定居:settle down in+sp 平静下来: settle sb down=calm sb down 专心于;settle down to doing sth 设法做成某事: manage to do sth=seek to do sth 看见:catch sight of… 乍一看:at first sight, 一看见…就…: at the sight of… 在…视线内: in sight 在…视线外: out of sight 对…有天赋:have a gift for… 在某人的权限内:within one’s power 在远处:in the distance, 在…不远处:at the distance of+距离 与…保持距离:keep sb at a distance. 吓得某人做某事: terrify sb into doing sth 给某人留下…印象: 有特点之人+impress 人 with sth(特点) =有特点之人+impress sth(特点) on 人 给某人留下好(坏)的印象:make/leave a good (bad) impression on sb 受感动…:be impressed by/with…

必修 3 重点语法及句式
UNIT1:
1.某人突然想起某事: sth occur to sb=It occurs to sb that+句子(表事件和抽象) 2.渴望得到…: starve for…= be thirsty for…be hungry for…=be dying for.. =be eager for…=long for… 3.赞同,支持: in favour of…=in support of… 4.拥有: in possession of… 5.需要: in need of… 6.负责: in charge of… 7.代替: in place of… 8.取笑某人: make fun of …=laugh at… 9.愚弄某人: make a fool of … 10.与某人开玩笑: have a joke with sb 11.欺骗某人做某事: trick /cheat sb into doing sth 12.作为回报: in return=in reward 13.总而言之:in a word=in short=to be short 14.与某人谈话: have a word with sb 15.与某人发生口角: have words with sb 16.淹死:人+drown.. 淹没: 物+drown… 17.专心于… drown …in …. 18.借酒消愁;drown one’s sorrows/trouble in +饮料 19.为某人树立榜样:set an example to sb=set sb an example

UNIT2:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 限制自己/他人的饮食: diet oneself/sb 按重量:by weight 控制体重: watch one’s weight 满足某人的好奇心: satisfy one’s curiosity 对…感到沮丧: be frustrated with… 因..而沮丧: be frustrated at… …驱使某人做某事; … drive sb to do/adj. 与其说 B 不如说 A : more A than B. 传开:get about=get around 解释…清楚: get +n across 活下去,继续: get along 收割… : get in … …让某人养成…: …get sb into … 除掉…: get rid of… 完成,通过,让某人接通: get through 不能容忍某人做某事: can’t have sb doing sth. 白白浪费: go to waste 摆脱困境: help sb out =win out/through 说服某人: persuade sb=win …around/over/round 轻易取得: win sth done 无论胜负: win or lose 形容词或副词的比较级和 not,never,nothing.等表示否定意义的词连用;表示”再…也不过 分”;””再没有比…更…的了”. 让某人一直做某事:have sb doing sth 让某人去做某事: have sb to do 过了很久才…: It was /will be long (before….) 不久就…: it was not/won’t be long(before…)

UNIT3
1.偏离话题: wander off/from… 2….不是偶然的:it’s no accident that.+句子 3.看出…的缺点: find fault in… 4.有责任; be at fault 5.正要做某事时,刚好…: be on the point of doing sth when… =be about to do when… =be in the middle of doing sth 6.把某人看作…: account sb (as) n=account sb (to be) adj/n 7.开账户: open an account 8.将…记在某人的账上: put in on one’s account. 9.据报道: by /from all accounts, 10.根据某人自己所说: by one’s own account, 11.绝不: on no account, 12.无论如何: on all accounts 13.因为:on account of… 14.找出: seek out=spot out =find out 15.与…相比之下:… in contrast to… 16.与…相反: be contrary to… 17.否定转移的句子改写成反意疑问句式: 主句(否)—反疑(肯) A. 主句(第一人称)---反疑(看从句的主谓) B. 主句(其它人称)--- 反疑(看主句的主谓) 18.大量的… : an amount of +n 不=1; amounts of+ns>2 A great quantity of+ns/n 不=1; quantities of+ns/n 不>2 19.it’s a waste of time doing sth.

UNIT4 与 UNIT5:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 爆炸: 物+ explode; 人+blow up +物 根本区别: fundamental difference A 对 B 来说是必不可少的: A. be fundamental to B 在某有面前: in the presence of…=in one’s presence, 参加: be present at… 连锁反应: chain reaction 一连串…: a chain of… +: add, plus to; -: subtract ,minus; *: multiply, times by; /: divide, by 长成; grow into… …形成: come into being 对..温柔 : be gentle with +人 挡住(光线.声音); block out… 封锁…: block off… 塞住… : block up… 草拟…: block sth in/out 降低心脏发病率: lessen the risk of heart disease 掌握… : get the hang of… It’s +形容词(或过去分词)+that…结构中表示愿望,建议,请求,命令,可能,适当,较好,迫切,紧 急的,重要的等形容词主语从句的谓语要用虚拟语气(should)+V 原. A. 必须的;necessary; compulsory ; B. 合适的:appropriate,advisable C. 可能的: probable,possible D. 较好的:better, preferable, desirable E. 紧急的:imperative, crucial , urgent F. 重要的:important, essential , vital G. 其它: natural, incredible, strange 22. It’s +名词 +that 的主语从句,也用虚拟语气.表示建议,命令,请求,道歉,怀疑,惊奇等. A. 建议: suggestion ,advice, proposal(计划),recommendation B. 命令: order , command C. 请求:demand, desire , idea , motion, requirement D. 可惜: pity, shame E. 惊奇: surprise, wonder F. 决心: decision, wish , resolution G. 其它:necessity, preference(优先), plan, 23. 同位语从句的先行词有:fact , news, idea, thought, question, reply, report, remark(评论) 同位语从句的连词有:that, who which ,what ,where ,when ,why 24.如果先行词如 22 所示的名词,谓语动词要用虚拟语气.


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