高一英语必修 2 第 4 单元短语和知识点归纳和总结 一、重点短语归纳和总结 1. as a _________ 结果是；作为结果 2. die _______ 灭亡；逐渐消失 3. ______ peace 和平地；和睦地；安详地 4. ______ danger (of) 在危险中；垂危 5. ______ to do sth. 渴望做某事 6. be ________ to
do sth. 被用来做某事 7. in _______ 如释重负；松了口气 8. _______ into laughter 突然大笑起来 9. _______ … from 保护…不受…（危害） 10. pay ________ to 注意 11. long _______ 很久以前 12. _____ into being 形成；产生 13. ______ to do sth. 过去常做某事 14. for _______ 肯定地；确切地 15. ___________ to 按照，根据所说 16. so ________ 以致于； 结果 二、课本知识点归纳和总结 1. look after 照顾照料=take care of = care for 2. need = want =require 需要 need doing= need to be done 3. a good environment and safety 一个好的环境和安全 4. as a result 结果 5. endangered animals 濒危的动物 6. die out 灭绝 die off 相继死去 die of 死于内因 die from 死于外因 die out 灭绝 die off 相继死去 die of 表示死的原因，die 后既可接介词 of，也可接 from, 两者的区别是： 一、若死因存在于人体之上或之内（主要指疾病、衰老等自身的原因)，一般用介词 of。如：die of illness (heart trouble, cancer, a fever, etc) 死于疾病 (心脏病，癌症，发烧等) 二、若死因不是存在人体之内或之上，而是由环境造成的(主要指事故等方面的外部原因)，一般用介词 from 。 如： die from an earthquake (a traffic accident, a lightning, a stroke, etc) 死于地震(交通事故，雷击 等) 三、若死因是环境影响到体内，即两方面共有的原因，则可用 of, from 均可。如：die of [from] a drink ( a wound, overwork, starvation, hunger and cold, etc) 死于饮酒(受伤，劳累过度，饥饿，饥寒等) 但是在实际运用中，两者混用的情况较多。 7. a report on sth 一个关于……的报告 8. too much 后加名词，much too 后加 adj 或 adv. too much dust 太多灰尘 9. remain to be seen 有待于拭目以待 10. in peace 处于和平状态 没有 in the peace, 没有 in peace of 这样的表达 11. know of = know about 知道了解
12. in danger of 面临危险 13. had always longed to do sth. always 总是，这是完成时的标志。by +时间， since 都是完成时的标 志。 14. wake up 睡醒 15. a flying carpet 一个飞毯 16. take sb. to sp. 带某人去某地 17. at once 立刻，马上 18. fly away 飞走了 19. see an antelope looking sad see sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事 20. make sweaters 制作毛衣 21. so ……that 如此……以至于 22. next minute 用作连词，表示转眼间 23. turn around 转身 24. take my photo 照相 25. in relief 如释重负，松了口气 26. burst into laughter 突然大笑起来 27. used to do sth. 通常干某事 28. without mercy 毫无仁慈 have mercy on sb. 对某人又仁慈之心 29. only a certain number of sth. 只有少数的某物 only+单个主语不倒装， only + 状语或状语从句放于句 首时， 倒装主语，不倒装从句。 30. suggest 一是表“建议”，二是表“表明”。suggest doing 建议干某事 表建议：可接 that 宾语从句,that 从句用 should+动词原形,should 可以省略. She suggested that the class meeting (should) not be held on Saturday. 她建议班会不要在星期六举行. 表"暗示、表明"的意思.其主语往往是事物,而不是人. 1)接名词或动名词作宾语. The simple house suggested a modest income. 这座简朴的房子表明(房主的)收入并不高. Her pale face suggested bad health. 她脸色苍白,看来身体不好. The thought of summer suggests swimming. 一想到夏天就使人们联想到游泳. 31. news 不可数名词， 一条新闻 a piece of news 32. protect sb. from sth. 保护某人免受某事 protect sb. from doing sth. prevent sb. from doing sth= stop sb. from doing sth. 阻止某人干某事=keep sb. from doing sth. 33. mosquitoes 复数形式+es 34. over my body 遍及全身 35. affect=have an effect on 影响 36. pay more attention to 更多注意 37. appreciate doing sth. 欣赏，感激某事 I appreciate it if 其中 it 做形式宾语 38. no rainforest, no animals, no drugs. 没有雨林， 就没有动物，也就没有药物了。 39. disappear 系动词，无被动语态，不用于进行时
40. do harm to sth. 对某物有害 be harmful to sth. 对某物有害，注意介词一定用 to. 41. sell well 很畅销，完成时态：has sold very well 42. go down to 下降到 43. tens of thousands of 成千上万的 44. come into being 开始形成，产生 45. a number of 许多的 后加可数名词的复数形式 46. not only but also 不但……而且 47. in such a short time 在如此短的时间 48. according to 根据，按照 49. some reason 某个原因= a certain reason 某个原因 50. survive sth. 经历……得以幸存 survive the earthquake, accident, rainstorm 等 三、配套练习 Unit 4 Wildlife Protection 1. This book _____ ten units, ______ three mainly revision. A. contains; including B. includes; containing C. contains; containing D .includes; including 2. Cattle’s two ____ help them to digest food and their fur to keep them warm. A. stomaches B. heart C. stomachs D. hearts 3. She decided to apply _____ the boss _____ the new position . A to； to B for； for C to； for D for； to 4. I’ll finish the job ____ I come across great difficulty. A. however B. even though C. no matter D. as though 5. John, get up! I’m afraid you won’t have time to ______ before going out. A. get to change B. get changing C. get change D. get changed 6. The accident ______ her careless . A resulted from B resulted in C as a result of D as a result 7. -----Are you coming to Jeff’s party? ----- I’m not ___. I might go to concert instead. A. for sure B. sure C. possible D. definite 8. ----I ____ to a party, but I’ve got nothing to wear. ---- Why don’t you have a dress made for the party? A. was asked B. will ask C. have asked D. have been asked 9. I want to buy that kind of cloth because I _____ the cloth _____ well. A have told; washed B have been told; washes C was told; washed D have been told; is washed 10. This is one of the happiest days ____ spent in my life. A that have ever been B that has never been C which was ever D we have 11. He is wearing sunglasses to ____ his eyes from the strong sunlight .
A. protect B. hold C. stop D. prevent 12. With ____ news coming, the trapped villagers grew more and more worried. A. no longer B. no more C. not any longer D. not any more 13. The movie once ____ a whole generation of people. They proved to be of much _____ in the education of people. A. affected；effect B. effected；affect C. effected；effect D. affected；affect 14. Great attention must be paid ____ welfare, especially in the poor area. A. develop B. to develop C. to developing D. developing 15.My brother wants to work in the factory which ____ still ______. A. is building B. has been built C. is being built D. is to be built 16.______ he will return to his native land. A. It is long before that B. It is before long that C. It won’t be long before D. It will be long before that 17.You are silly not _____ your door. A. to lock B. to have locked C. locking D. having locked 18. Many kinds of animals and plants die ____ every year. A down B away C out D from 19．_______ be sent to work there? A. Who do you suggest B. Who do you suggest that should C. Do you suggest who should D. Do you suggest whom should 20. Texts require _____________ again and again. A. reading B. to read C. being read D. to be reading Unit4: 1-5 ACCBD 6-10 ABDBD 11-15 ABACC 16-19 BBCAA