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语法填空之形容词和副词


语法填空之形容词和副词
学习目标:1. 分清形容(adj)和副词(adv), 包括它们的形式和各自的作用 2. 能在语境中正确选择用形容词还是副词,并写对形式 3. 注意形容词和副词的一些特殊情况 4. 要分清不同的“级” , 并能在语境中正确使用不同的“级” (原 级、比较级、最高级) 学习方法: 1. 自主学习(理解并熟记形容词和副词各自的作用和正确形式) 2. 通过练习加深对自主学习内容的理解和记忆,并不断思考总结 以验证自主学习内容的规律,以便达到更好的灵活使用形容词 和副词的目的 学习过程: Step1 自主学习(理解熟记,不懂的立即问) 1)形容词的作用:修饰名词作定语,如:a beautiful girl;系动词后作 表语,如:What you said just now is exciting.作动词的宾 补,如:Green vegetables keep you healthy. 2) 副词的作用:修饰形容词、动词、副词、介词短语及句子,作状语,如: extremely terrible(adj), work(v) hard, get up very late(adv), deep into the night(介词短语), Fortunately, he passed the exam. 3)动词、名词变形容词的常见后缀: 后缀 -able accept—acceptable -ible access—accessible comfort—comfortable 例词 suit--suitable reason--reasonable terror--terrible hopeless helpless horror—horrible

-ful forget—forgetful harm—harmful -less hope—hopeful peace—peaceful -ed -ing -al -ive -ous excite—excited excite—exciting music—musical person—personal act—active anxiety—anxious

frighten--frightened frighten--frightening origin—original center—central nature--natural impress--impressive humor--humorous curiosity—curious
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effect—effective

-t -y -ish -ern

confidence—confident taste—tasty

patience--patient sun--sunny

health—healthy

fool—foolish child—childish self--selfish south—southern east--eastern

4)形容词变副词的后缀: 在形容词后加 ly 可变成相应意义的副词 直接加 ly 改 y 为 i 后加 ly 去 e 加 ly slow--slowly happy--happily true—truly

注意: 一些以 ly 结尾的词是形容词而不是副词: friendly, lively, lovely, likely, deadly, silly, orderly, timely 等,需特殊记忆。 5) 特殊情况: 1. ill, content, afraid, asleep, awake, alive, alone, worth 等形容词只放在系动词后作表语。如:I’m alone now. 2. 有些 词有 固定 的副 词修 饰, 如: all alone, sound/fast asleep, wide awake, well worth, like/enjoy well/clearly remember 等,也需特殊记忆。 much,

3.有些副词有两种形式,如:close(adj and adv) /closely, free/freely, high/highly, deep/deeply 等,请看例句区别: They are deeply moved. (抽象) They dived deep in the sea. (具体) 特别注意这两个词:hard (adv):辛苦地,努力地; hardly (adv)几乎不 6)形容词及副词的“级” 1. 熟悉特殊形式的比较级和最高级,如:good/well, better, best 2. 熟悉常见的比较结构,如:as ?as; 比较级+ than; the +比较级, the + 比较级;the +比较级+ of the +名词等 3. 注意特殊的词,如:senior (to), junior (to), superior (to)等本 身含有比较意义,无比较级、最高级形式。 Step 2 Exercises (Practice makes perfect!) Ⅰ用所给词的适当形式填空 1. The river was so polluted that it _________(actual) caught fire and burned. 2. Bend your knees slightly and reach out your arms like tree
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branches, naturally and _______ (soft). 3. Just be ______________ (patience). 4. Although parents should take _________ (well) care of their young children, they don’t ______________ (necessary) do anything for them. 5. ---Do you like Mary’s new hairstyle? ---Perfect! How much ________ (good) she looks with the curly short hair! 6. --- Are you satisfied with the result of the exam? --- Not at all. I can’t have a ________ (bad) one. 7. --- Lily did succeed at last! --- Yeah, indeed, but she was _______________ (luck) than successful, I think. 8. That would be a very _________ (reason) thing to do in a big city, but it could destroy a small village like this. 9. Mary felt __________ (please), because there were many empty seats in the room. 10. The teachers are very enthusiastic and __________ (friend) and the classrooms are _____________ (amaze). Ⅱ单句改错 (只有一处错误) 1. The fruits are small in size, but juicy and taste. 2. We don’t need to do so many homework. Therefore, we have more time for after-school activities. 3. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends. 4. That is too much for us, considering how closely the houses are. 5. I’m always caution about what I say because some careless remarks are likely to hurt other’s feelings. 6. Doing physical exercise is an effect way to get rid of anger. 7. But such a small thing couldn’t possible destroy a village. 8. Interesting, it has a connection with the British porcelain (瓷 器) industry. 9. In some places you may borrow as more books as you need, but in
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others you are limited to a certain number of books. Ⅲ 语法填空两篇 Some time ago, a friend of mine, who worked in a part of the city I didn’t know very _______ (good), invited me to call on him. It took me hours to get there and I took _________ (greatly) trouble to find a proper spot to park my car. As I was already three-quarters of an hour late, I parked my car __________ (quick). At noon, just I was leaving my friend’s office, it _______ (sudden) struck me that I had no idea where I had parked my car. I could hardly go up to a policeman and tell him that I had lost a small green car somewhere! Walking down street _______ street, I examined each car _____ (close) and was very happy to see a small green car just behind an old car. But How ____________ (disappoint) I was to discover that though the car was ____________ (exact) like my own, it belonged to someone else! Feeling quite _________ (tire) now, I went off for lunch. Some time __________ (late), I left the restaurant and walked down the street. Turning the corner, I nearly jumped for joy: my car was right in front of me, and there was no problem this time. My deskmate admires my fluent English very much and I usually feel _________________ (encourage) by his compliments. One day, when we learned the new word “eccentric” in class, we ___________ (ask) to make a sentence with it. I volunteered to do it by ______ (say) “My deskmate is an eccentric boy ______ clothes never fit him.” Hearing this, the whole class burst into _________ (laugh) and my deskmate’s face turned red. _______ class, I learned from the teacher that my deskmate _____________ (drop) out of school if he hadn’t been helped by others. My mindless words must ___________(hurt) him deeply. Not until then did I realize words could be powerful _____ both positive and negative ways. We should avoid _________ (hurt) others if we can’t always be encouraging when we speak.

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练习部分答案 Ⅰ 1. actually 5. better 2. softly 6. worse 3. patient 7. more lucky 4. good, necessarily 8. reasonable

9. pleased 10. friendly, amazing Ⅱ 1. taste---tasty 2. many----much 3. helpfully ---helpful 5. caution---cautious 7. possible ---possibly 9. more---many exactly, tired, later 2. encouraged, were asked, saying, whose, laughter, After, would have dropped, have hurt, in, hurting 4. closely --- close 6. effect---effective 8. Interesting---Interestingly

Ⅲ 1. well, great, quickly, suddenly, after, closely, disappointed,

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