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2013届上海市高三英语一模——阅读


2013 届(2012 学年)上海市高三英语一模——阅读
(长宁) (A) When I was in college, a man named Henry worked as a custodian (看门人) in our student union building. White-haired, with a Pennsylvania Dutch accent,

Henry could usually be seen in a baseball cap, a T-shirt and a pair of jeans. He was the custodian, and he was the most respected and most well-known person in the building. Everyone loved Henry, and it was because of all the implicit ways he expressed his love for everyone around him. Henry didn‘t have to say, ―I love you.‖ He lived his love. Henry was always excited when he met someone new, and he wanted to know everything about them. He felt it was important to do things for people he valued. And Henry seemed to value everyone he met. He brought in articles or cartoons for certain people, went out of his way to introduce people to each other, kept dozens of names and birthdays in his wallet so he could send cards, and helped students keep in touch with graduates who had written to him. He even assisted students who didn‘t have enough money to buy their books. Henry taught me --- and many others he supported --- how to live life to the fullest. Not by skydiving or exploring some foreign countries, but by appreciating where you are in life and valuing those around you. The funny thing is that despite all he did and taught us, Henry truly believed that he was the lucky one --that he was the one who was gaining so much by getting to know us. But all of us who remember Henry know that we were the ones who were truly blessed. We will never forget the man who taught us that best way to say ―I love you‖ often has little to do with the words. 65. What does the word ―implicit‖ in Paragraph 2 most probably mean? A. Unstated. B. Appropriate. C. Indelicate.

D. Charming.

66. According to the passage, working as a custodian in a college, Henry ______. A. made international travels to live a full life B. was a role model of how to be a caring person C. was busy organizing former students‘ reunions D. gathered plenty information about the needy students 67. Henry was always excited to meet new people because ______. A. it would make people think highly of him B. he was the most popular person in the college C. it was part of his responsibility as a custodian D. he treasured everything around him in his life 68. Which of the following word cannot be used to describe Henry? A. Gracious. B. Adventurous. C. Supportive. (B) File Created DELAYED BAGGAGE REPORT _______________________________ Dear Valued Customer, ________________________________________________
PRINTED AT ALBANY N.Y. AIRPORT ON JULY 10 2012 11:15 A.M.

D. Sympathetic.

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We regret that your baggage was not available to claim after your recent flight. Everything possible will be done to locate your property and return it to you promptly. For information regarding your delayed baggage, contact the United Airlines Baggage Resolution Center at its 24 hour, seven day a week number: 1-800-335-BAGS (2247) (US – Toll Free) 281-821-3536 (Local Houston Number) Or visit site: http://www.united.com/for/bagtracing As soon as you file your Delayed Baggage Report, United Airlines will begin to trace for

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your baggage system wide. Our Baggage Resolution staff will make every effort to call you once a day to keep you updated on our progress. So that we can quickly access your records, please refer to the File Reference Number on this receipt when corresponding or calling. Keep this receipt with your claim check and E-Ticket receipt until your baggage is returned to you. In most circumstances, United Airlines will deliver your baggage when it is located. Delivery times vary depending on location. If your baggage has not been returned to you within the initial five-day tracing period, please download a claim form at http://www.united.com/web/en-US/content/travel/baggage/delayed.aspx and return it to us with the required documentation included. http://csmcbagapp.nam.coair.com/bmswtweb/Docs/FileCreatedPrintPC.aspx?ref_num=144… _______________________________________________________________________________ DELAYED BAGGAGE REPORT FILE REFERENCE: ALBUA25876 _______________________________________________________________________________ Name: JOHN JACKSON Contact Number: 802-247-9999 Delivery Address: 66 MOONBROOK DR BRANDON Email: minminvt@yahoo.com VERMONT USA 05745 _______________________________________________________________________________ Bag Tag Description 0037387643 Soft-Side Upright suitcase 0037387657 Non-Zippered, hard side horizontal suitcase

69. Where does the receipt most probably come from? A. Suitcase Tracing Website. B. Delivery Center of United Airlines. C. Baggage Resolution Center. D. Information Center of the Airport. 70. From the receipt we can learn that John Jackson ______. A. must have filed his Delayed Baggage Report already B. couldn‘t deal with his delayed baggage on line until July 17, 2012 C. should call 802-247-9999 for the information about his delayed baggage D. may not know anything about his delayed baggage during the first five days 71. Which of the following information is not provided in the receipt? A. The description of the customer‘s checked suitcases. B. The regular routine of the delayed baggage tracing. C. The contact phone number of Albany N.Y. Airport. D. The customer‘s delayed baggage file reference number. (C) The candidate longing for election to the highest office in the United States must be native-born American citizen who is at least 35 years old and who has lived in the United States for at least 14 years. The election course is complicated, and the road to the Oval Office is long. Potential candidates must present papers stating their intention to seek their party‘s recommendation; delegates then choose from among those running some months later at the national conferences. Before that, however, each state holds a primary election that determines how the state‘s voters want the party‘s delegates to vote. Methods of choosing the delegates vary from state to state. At the conferences, there are speeches and often heated discussions. It may take several rounds of voting before delegates can agree on a candidate. On the final day of the meeting, the presidential candidate announces his or her choice for vice president. Election Day, by law, is the Tuesday that follows the first Monday in November. On this day, registered voters may cast their votes for president, vice president, and candidates for other federal (联邦), state, and local offices. The popular vote, however, does not determine who will be president. The president is chosen by a vote of the Electoral College, a group of 538 citizens from the 50 states and the District of Columbia who are chosen to cast votes for the president and vice president. The rules for choosing electors, as with the delegates, vary. Each state also decides whether its electoral votes must reflect the popular vote. The number of electors in each state is determined by the number of representatives

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and senators (议员) that a state sends to Congress and, therefore, may change every 10 years, depending on the results of the United States census (人口普查). The winner must get at least 270 of the electoral votes when the Electoral College meets in December of the election year. The election results are not official, however, until the following January, when Congress meets in a joint conference to count the electoral votes. At the end of the road to the Oval Office is the swearing-in ceremony, at which the new or reelected president takes the oath (誓言) of office on January 20. 72. Which of the following is not a requirement for candidates for the presidency of the USA? A. Minimum age of thirty-five years old. B. Previous experience in an elective office. C. Native of the United States of America. D. Bottom residency of fourteen years in the States. 73. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. Election results are not authorized until the first month of the coming year. B. Ways to select the delegates of each state are very much the same in the USA. C. The successful presidential candidate wins a maximum number of electoral votes. D. A party‘s potential candidate is chosen months before its national conference is held. 74. We can conclude from the passage that ______. A. the candidate who wins the popular vote will be the winner of the election B. the electors don‘t have the right to vote against their registered voters‘ will C. the presidents of the United States are theoretically picked by the citizens directly D. the change of a state‘s population barely has effect on the presidential election 75. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. The Various Ways of Presidential Election in the USA B. The Qualifications for Being the President of the USA C. The Rules for Choosing Presidential Candidates in the USA D. The Process of the Election for the President of the USA 65~68 ABDB (闸北) (A) Mike frowned (皱眉)at his calendar and then picked up his guitar. His band had been together for five months. Everyone said they were fantastic but they still had not been blessed with a paying job. The three guys had become acquainted in band class, and organizing a group had been Mike's idea. Mike played the guitar and acted as leader. john was on drums and James was on the saxophone. The three got together just for fun and named their group Playday. But when some fans praised their talent, they decided to turn fun into profit. To make themselves known, Playday volunteered to entertain at parties. They played for free at school get-togethers. Mike loved the applause! He felt like a superstar. They practiced hard and discussed young musicians who had vaultea into prominence. “The Jackson Five were kids," John said. ―Michael shot to fame like a rocket!" He exclaimed. ―We can do it!" Mike encouraged the group. After months of keeping Spirits high, Mike was tired. They haven't seen even a cent. Let alone making a killing. Everyone was in low spirits. They decided to break up after one final volunteer job. The next day, they were to perform for patients at the Children's Hospital where Mike's mother worked as a nurse. The next day the three young guys set up in the hospital lobby, and the nurses brought in the audience. As Playday began its number, Mike could feel their lack of spirit. 69~71 CAC 72~75 BACD

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Then Mike spotted one patient sitting limply in her wheelchair. Her expression was vacant, but when music filled the room, this rag doll came to life. She sat up straight, and the light that shone in her eyes lighted up something in Mike. He felt the thrill he'd been missing. As Mike's playing caught fire, James and John gained energy. Soon Playday was rocking as never before. After the performance, the three guys spent time with the patients. Mike spoke to the girl who had encouraged him to play so well. ―Wouldn't it feel great to be rich and famous?" she asked, eyes still bright. ―Will you be a rock star?" ―Probably not," Mike answered. ―But I'll never give up my music. IT felt like the big time playing for you!"
65. The undeRLiNed phrase “had vaulted into prominence” most likely means .

A. had grown into adults C. had played The Jackson Five

B. had made a promise D. had bEcome successful

66. The members of Playboy were tired and depressed because they _____ .

A. had no offer of a paying performance C. called an end to the band A. his guitar caught fire C. a patient was much cheered up

B. competed cruelly with other bands D. performed at the Children's Hospital B. a girl took him as a rock star D. a toy doll suddenly became alive

67. While performing at the Children's Hospital, Mike became inspired because _____ .

68. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage? A. MiKe, John and James got to know each other as they were relatives. B. They planned to make money when they had a big fan base. C. Their wonderful performance at Children's Hospital cured the girl of her disease. D. Mike found out the enjoyment of volunteer performance after playing at the hospital.

(B) Read this tourist booklet for Clarke Qiuay:

Souvenirs from the Past Every weekend, there's a popular flea (跳蚤)market. Hunt for treasures of a different kind. Among a collection of goodies, you'll fiNd jewelries, antiQUES ANd carpets that are centuries old, which deFiNES Their significance. All THe specialty shops here deal in ancient items, including remains of the past. Dine by the River The high-tech centers which tower over the historic riverside buildings bring a modern taste to Clarke QuAY. When it comes to food, you are spoilt for a variety of choice. Sample local favorites in the cool comfort of the food court or enjoy them in the open at a snack stand. You may also experience special spirits at any of the watering holes. Nightlife Entertainment Clarke Quay boasts a bustling nightlife. Magic and music fill the air. Trolleys on wheels burst along streets selling sweets of unique shapes and colors. Fortune tellers cast their spell and told forbidden stories. The atmosphere is boiling. The riverside village plays host to a good number of watering holes, all of which feature nightly live entertainment. Sit back with a drink there and watch the local colour while your favourite music washes over you. Or you may hit the dance floor and flash your moves.

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A Ride into the Past and the Future You may choose to arrive by means of a vessel from the past. The unique river taxi was previously a boat that transported goods from ship to land. These days, it dominates the river, transporting tourists and locals to their various destinations.
* *

How to get here: From City Hall MRT Station: Take Bus Service 32/135 along North Bridge Rd. From Orchard MRT Station: Take Bus Service 54 along Scotts Rd. A. carpets produced in another country C. second-hand objects of historlcal value B. animals raised in the market D. candies of different shapes and colors

69. The gifts visitors can buy from the flea market are mainly ____ .

70. In the booklet the underlined watering holes” are closet in meaning to .

A. mental hospitals C. CD shops

B. night clubs D. entertainment shows

71. According to the booklet, which of the following statements is NOT TRUE? A. Different kinds of food are offered in Clarke Quay. B. Fortune telling is a forbidden business in Clarke Quay. C. River taxis ship people instead of goods today. D. The bus service 54 can bring visitors to Clarke Quay from Orchard MRT Station.

(C) Announcing recent he would send proposals on reducing gun violence in America, President Obama mentioned a number of sensible gun-control measures. But he also paid homage to the Washington conventional wisdom about the many and varied causes of shooting cases. He said earlier that gun violence was a complex problem that will require a complex solution and gun control, therefore, was far from the only answer. Then are the data shielding the politicians' vague language? America is a gun heaven. Around 11,000 deaths were caused by guns last year. In contrast, Britain has about 50 gun killings a year. Many people believe that America is simply a more violent, individualistic society. But the only field in which the U.S. rate is surprisingly higher seems to be the gun killings. For all the other crimes — theft, robbery, attack — the United States is within the range of other advanced countries. Is America's popular Culture the cause? This is highly unlikely, as largely the same culture exists in other rich countries. Youth in Britain, for example, are exposed to almost the same cultural influences as in the United States. The Japanese are at the cutting edge of the world of video games, most of which touch on violence. Yet the rates of gun shooting in these two countries are a tiny function of America's. At the same time, Britain and Japan both have perhaps the tightest regulations of gun. As for America, the country has far more permissive gun laws. With 5 percent of the world's population, the United States has 50 percent of the guns. There are always evil or weak-minded people, who might be influenced by popular culture. But how can government identify the darkest thoughts in people's minds before they have taken any action? Certainly those who urge all-round democracy would not allow government to monitor thoughts, forbid free expression, and ban the sale of information and entertainment in exchange for bodily safety. Then why not do something much simpler and that has been successful: limit access to guns? America is in desperate need of a real ban, not another toothless ban, full of exceptions, which the gun lovers would use to claim that such bans don't reduce violence. 72. In the first paragraph President Obama _____ . A. regarded loose gun control as the single reason for gun violence B. thought many reasons accounted for the gun violence in America C. believed America's gun laws had nothing to do with gun violence D. thought gun violence was far from the only problem America faced
73. Cultural influence is not the main reason for gun violence because _____ .

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A. Americans are not influenced by violent video games as Japanese are B. cultural influences usually cause theft or robbery rather than gun firing C. nations of similar cultural background have lower rates of gun shooting than the U.S. D. Americans are rarely influenced by popular culture 74. In the passage, the author mainly discusses ____ . A. President Obama's lack of courage and poor leadership B. the crime rates of different countries of similar cultural background C. the main cause of gun violence in American and the solution D. the comparison between losing democracy and bodily safety 75. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. Washington conventional wisdom agrees on strict gun control. B. Identifying evil people in advance can be done with the help of democracy. C. Controlling access to guns is a good way to solve the gun shooting problem. D. Some exceptions should be allowed for the gun bans.

65?68 DACD (杨浦)

69?71 CBB

72?75 BCCC

(A) Brigham Young University students can now receive the unconditional love of dogs without breaking rules prohibiting pets in university housing. Jenna Miller started her company Puppies for Rent this summer in the Provo area as a way for students and others to rent puppies by the hour. The pups have been rented for first dates and surprise parties and by mothers rewarding their children. After signing a contract, customers can rent them for $15 an hour, $25 for two hours and $10 for each additional hour. Miller offers her seven puppies for playtime rentals, with each dog hand delivered straight to the customers‘ door. Her lawyer brother helps her with legal contracts and fees. She now has four employees helping look after and deliver the animal. nova Carl Arky, spokesman for the Humane Society of Utah said his group is against the business. Puppies need consistency and stability in their lives, he said, and renting them to various people might affect the animals‘ growth and development. Miller said the animals are treated well and she has a 100 percent success rate so far finding them a permanent home. Money paid by renters goes toward adoption fees if they decide to own a puppy.

65. Which of the following are not possible renters of the puppies? A. Young lovers. B. Party organizers. fuck myself C. Mothers. D. Scientific group members. 66. Miller‘s brother‘s main responsibility is to _____. A. draft contracts pig B. deliver animals C. find adoption families D. walk dogs 67. Why is Carl in disagreement with the service? A. Because playing with pets is harmful to children‘s health. B. Because some people will be cruel to the rented animals. aeroplane C. Because unstable living environment is not good for animal‘s growth. D. Because it will prohibit the puppies from finding a permanent home. (B)

TENANCY AGREEMENT
DEFINITIONS THE LANDLORD Mrs Gloria Black of 6 Sutton Road, Cambridge CB5 7AQ THE TENANT Marina Kahn is it? PROPERTY 24a Wood Road, Cambridge CB2 8BG

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TOGETHER WITH CONTENTS (fixtures, furniture and equipment) specified in the inventory (attached) TERM from 1 st January 20 ___ to 31 st December 20 ___ (12 months) RENT ? per calendar month, payable in advance on the first day of each month 500 DEPOSIT ?500, payable on commencement of this Agreement let‘s AGREEMENTS A The Landlord may re-enter the Property and terminate this Agreement if the Rent or any part of it is not paid within fourteen days after it becomes due. B The Landlord may bring the tenancy to an end at any time before the expiry of the Term (but not earlier than six months from the Commencement Date of this Contract) by giving the Tenant not less than two months‘ written notice starting that the Landlord requires possession of the Property. pilot C The Landlord shall put the deposit with the Deposit Protection Service, and shall inform the Tenant within 14 days of taking the deposit of the contact details of this service and details of how to apply for the release of the deposit from this service. fuck myself TENANT’S OBLIGATIONS 1 Pay the Rent into the Landlord‘s bank account at the times specified. 2 Pay for all water, gas and electricity consumed on the Property during the Term; and pay in full for all charges made for the use of telephone on the Property during the Term. 3 Keep the interior of the Property during the Term in a good and clean state of repair, condition and decoration. 4 Permit the Landlord to enter the Property at all reasonable times; to inspect the Property and its contents; and to carry out any works of maintenance or repair to the Property; to show prospective new Tenants around the Property at the end of the tenancy. 5 Not take in any paying guest without the prior written consent of the Landlord. 6 Not use the Property other than as a private dwelling; nor carry on any profession, trade or business in the Property. 7 Not use any musical instrument, wireless or television between midnight and 7 am, nor permit any singing or dancing between these hours. 8 Not keep in the Property any cat, dog or other pet without the prior written consent of the Landlord. … SIGNATURES Tenant: Name (print): MARINA KAHN Signed: Marina Kahn Witnessed by: Name (print): ALICE RACE Signed: A. RACE Occupation: SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHER Address: 16 School House Lane, Cambridge, CB2 8GH Tenant: Name (print): GLORIA BLACK Signed: Gloria Black Witnessed by: Name (print): OLIVE LYDIA LEE Signed: Olive L Lee Occupation: Librarian Address: 3 Fieldhead Road, Peterborough PB4 8DU 68. What‘s the monthly rent of the property? A. ? 500. B. ? 575. C. ? 1000. 69. What‘s the landlord‘s witness? A. A teacher. B. A librarian.

D. ? 1500.

C. A house agent.

D. A bank clerk.

70. Which of the following is allowed in the property? A. Watching TV at any time. B. Holding an all-night dancing party. C. Changing it into a business office. D. Entertaining friends with self-cooked meals. 71. Which of the following is the right of the landlord? A. He can show new tenants around the property at any time. B. He can enter the property to inspect its contents. C. He can take back his property whenever he wants. D. He can keep the deposit for himself. … (C) Does solving a math problem give you a headache? Do you feel nervous when you sit a math exam? For most students, math can be tough but scientists have proved that math problems can actually trigger physical pain. Scientists came to his conclusion with an in-depth experiment, which was published in the Public Library of

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Science One journal. They began by finding out how much participants fear math. Those involved were asked a series of questions such as how they feel when they receive a math textbook or when they walk into a math lesson. Based on their answers, participants were divided into groups. One group was made up of people who were particularly afraid of math and participants in the other group were more comfortable with the subject. Both groups were then given either math tasks or word tasks. When a math task was going to come next, a yellow circle would appear but when a word task was soon to come, a blue square would be shown. Using a brain-scan machine, scientists noticed that whenever people from Group One saw a yellow circle, their brain would respond in a way similar to when their body is feeling pain. It was like the pain they would fee, for example, if they burnt their hand on a hot stove. But they reacted less strongly when they knew that they would be faced with a word task. ― However, scientists saw no strong brain response from people in the second group. Math can be difficult, and for those with high levels of mathematics-anxiety (HMA), math is associated with tension, apprehension and fear. ―When you are really thinking about the math problems, your mind is racing and you are worrying about all the things that could go wrong,‖ explained Ian Lyons from University of Chicago, US, leader of the study. ―The higher a person‘s anxiety of a maths task, the more he activated brain regions associated with threat detection, and the experience of pain.‖ More interestingly, the brain activity disappeared when participants actually started dealing with the math tasks. ―This means that it‘s not that math itself hurts; rather, the anticipation of math is painful,‖ Lyons said. Based on the study, scientists suggested that things could be done to help students worry less and move past their fear of math, which might mean they perform better in tests. 72. In the first stage, scientists ask participants some questions to _____. A. see whether math hurts… B. find out how much they fear math C. observe how their brain response D. test their endurance of pain 73. The underlined word ―the anicipation of math‖ is closest in meaning to _____. A. the attempt of learning math B. the motivation to work out math problem C. the effort to understand math D. the act of thinking about math 74. Which is the best title for the passage? A. How to overcome math fear. B. Physical pain affects math performance. C. Math pain in your brain. D. Unknown truth about pain. 75. What can be concluded from the experiment? A. The anticipation of math has no relation to students‘ confidence in math. B. Moderate mathematic anxiety promotes students‘ academic performance. C. Effective solutions have been worked out to lower students‘ anxiety of math. D. Physical pain caused by HMA disappears in the process of doing math problem. 65~67 DAC 68~71 ABDC 72~75 BDCD (徐汇) (A) Marlon Brando is widely considered the greatest movie actor of all time. He was born in Omaha Nebraska in 1924. He was named after his father, a salesman. His mother, Dorothy, was an actress in the local theater. Marlon Brando moved to New York City when he was 19 years old in 1943. He took acting classes at the New School for Social Research. One of his teachers was Stella Adler, who taught the "Method" style of realistic acting. The Method teaches actors how to use their own memories and emotions to identify with the characters they are playing.

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Marlon Brando learned the Method style quickly and easily. Critics said he was probably the greatest Method actor ever. One famous actress commented on his natural ability for it. She said teaching Marlon Brando the Method was like sending a tiger to jungle school. Marlon Brando appeared in several plays. He got his first major part in a Broadway play in 1947, at the age of 23. He received great praise for his powerful performance at Stanley Kowalski in Tennessee Williams' play, A Streetcar Named Desire. His fame grew when he acted the same part in the movie version, released in 1951. Marlon Brando won the Best Actor Oscar for The God Father, but he rejected it. He sent a woman named Sasheen Littlefeather to speak for him at the Academy Awards ceremony. She said that Brando could not accept the award because of the way the American film industry treated Native Americans. The people at the Academy Awards ceremony did not like the speech. But some experts think the action helped change the way American Indians were shown in movies. Marlon Brando acted in about forty movies. He was nominated for a total of eight Academy Awards. But he earned a "bad boy" reputation for his public outbursts and unusual behaviours. According to Los Angeles magazine, "Brando was rock and roll before anybody knew what rock and roll was". His later life was marked with family tragedies. His son Christian went to prison for killing his daughter Cheyene‘s boyfriend. Cheyene later committed suicide. Brando became lonely. He worked occasionally for the money. But, in his prime, Marlon Brando was an actor other actors could only hope to become.

65. According to the passage, the "Method" ______. A. requires actors to use their imagination in acting B. made Marlon Brando a great and famous actor C. wasn't very difficult for Marlon Brando D. can be most effectively learned in a jungle 66. The speech at the Academy Awards ceremony ______ at the time. A. made Sasheen Littlefeather well-known B. was well-received by Native Americans C. changed people's attitude to American Indians D. received both positive and negative responses 67. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Marlon Brando‘s later life was troubled and unhappy. B. A Streetcar Named Desire was later adapted into a movie. C. Marlon Brando was the first rock star in USA. D. As an actor, Brando‘s talent was unparalleled. 68. The purpose of this passage is to ______. A. inform us of Marlon Brando's attitude to civil rights movement B. introduce Marlon Brando as one of the greatest actors C. help us understand Marlon Brando's secret to success D. instruct us how to become a great actor like Marlon Brando (B) Learning English Video Project 1. Encounters in the UK (17 minutes) Watch | Comments

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Encounters in the UK is the first film in this documentary mini-series. It tells the story of four girls from different countries who travel to Cambridge in England to study English and stay with local families in what is called a "homestay" arrangement. For the four girls the homestay arrangement is a positive experience. As one of the homestay hosts explains: "It's going to be a great experience, not only in terms of learning English, but in learning about life." Watch with: subtitles | transcript | no subtitles | Comments 2. Stories from Morocco (16 minutes) Watch | Comments Set in Casablanca, Morocco, this film features footage and interviews focusing on key questions such as "Why are people learning English?" and "What tips and advice can learners offer?" Staff and learners discuss the advantages and challenges of English language learning in Morocco. Interviewees touch on a variety of topics including British vs. American accents, multi-level classrooms, and the similarities of English to French and Spanish. Watch with Subtitles | Watch without Subtitles | Comments 3. Thoughts from Brazil (17 minutes) Watch | Comments Like Insights from China, Thoughts from Brazil also looks at modern trends in learning English, especially for children and teens. It will be of particular interest to all those who long for a learning experience that is more interactive and communicative. Teens and young adults will find new ideas for combining personal interests such as music, gaming and social media with self-study. As Daniel Emmerson talks to learners and teachers of English in Sao Paulo, Brazil, he discovers that many of them have found for themselves the principle of learning by doing and have readily adapted it to the Internet era. Watch with Subtitles | Watch without Subtitles | Comments 69. From the passage we can conclude that ―Learning English Video Project‖ is most probably ________. A. an online language learning course B. audio documents on language learning C. a series of short video programs D. a set of films on English-speaking countries 70. If someone is interested in the comparison between English and other languages, he might be interested to watch __________. A. Encounters in the UK C. Thoughts from Brazil B. Stories from Morocco D. Insights from China

71. What can we know about English learning in Sao Paulo, Brazil? A. Classroom teaching is more interactive and communicative. B. Homestay arrangement provides positive experience for learners. C. The Internet and games plays a major role in language learning. D. The principle of learning by doing is widely accepted by learners. (C) It is found that American students spend less than 15% of their time in school. While there‘s no doubt that school is important, a number of recent studies reminds us that parents are even more so. A study published earlier

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this month by researchers at North Carolina State University, for example, finds that parental involvement — checking homework, attending school meetings and events, discussing school activities at home — has a more powerful influence on students‘ academic performance than anything about the school the students attend. Another study, published in the Review of Economics and Statistics, reports that the effort put forth by parents (reading stories aloud, meeting with teachers) has a bigger impact on their children‘s educational achievement than the effort devoted by either teachers or the students themselves. And a third study concludes that schools would have to increase their spending by more than $1,000 per pupil in order to achieve the same results that are gained with parental involvement. So parents matter. But it is also revealed in researches that parents, of all backgrounds, don‘t need to buy expensive educational toys or digital devices for their kids in order to give them an advantage. They don‘t need to drive their offspring to enrichment classes or test-preparation courses. What they need to do with their children is much simpler: talk. But not just any talk. Recent research has indicated exactly what kinds of talk at home encourage children‘s success at school. For example, a study conducted by researchers at the UCLA School of Public Health and published in the journal Pediatrics found that two-way adult-child conversations were six times as potent in promoting language development as the ones in which the adult did all the talking. Engaging in this reciprocal (双 向的) back-and-forth gives children a chance to try out language for themselves, and also gives them the sense that their thoughts and opinions matter. The content of parents‘ conversations with kids matters, too. Children who hear talk about counting and numbers at home start school with much more extensive mathematical knowledge, report researchers from the University of Chicago. While the conversations parents have with their children change as kids grow older, the effect of these exchanges on academic achievement remains strong. Research finds that parents play an important role in what is called ―academic socialization‖ — setting expectations and making connections between current behavior and future goals. Engaging in these sorts of conversations has a greater impact on educational accomplishment.

72. Parents are even more important than schools in that ______. A. parental involvement makes up for what schools are not able to do B. teachers and students themselves do not put in enough effort C. parental involvement saves money for schools and the local government D. students may well make greater achievements with parents' attention 73. It can be inferred from the 2nd paragraph that ______. A. educational toys are unaffordable nowadays B. digital devices can give children an advantage C. some parents believe in enrichment classes D. talking with children is a very simple task 74. The word "potent" is closest in meaning to ______. A. powerful B. difficult C. necessary D. resistant

75. Which of the following will more encourage children's success at school according to the passage? A. Parents order their children to stop playing video games. B. Parents discuss with their children the possible future career. C. Parents lecture their children on getting too low marks on tests. D. Parents introduce colleges around the US to their children.

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65-68 CDCB (松江)

69-71 CBD

72-75 DCAB

FROM THE CHINESE PRESS (Grandma's not-so-happy tale) An old villager traveled all the way from Hubei province to Nanjing, Jiangsu Province to see his grandchild. But his son, instead of letting him spend time with his grandchild, put him up in hotel. The old man felt humiliated because he thought his son had treated him indifferently because he was poor. The son should definitely be criticized for his action, but at the same time it is important to analyze the incident rationally, says an article in Qilu Evening News. Excerpts: The case of the old man from Hubei is another tragic Chinese family drama. Chinese tradition does not allow a son to shut out his father from His family. But condemning the son's action without knowing the details may not be a good idea. It indeed was inappropriate for the son not to take his father to his house. But it is equally inappropriate to accuse him of being heartless for picking up his father at the railway station and putting him up in a hotel. It is possible that the son had private reasons for not taking his father home. Perhaps he didn't want to burden his father with additional worries that he could have felt had he gone to his house. We should not jump to conclusions without knowing why the son didn't take the old man to his house. It is not rational to say that the son is ashamed of his father because he is a poor rural resident. When facts are not clear, making efforts to find them is more important than leveling accusations against a person. 65. Which of the following words can be used to replace the underlined word ―rational‖ in Paragraph 3? A. Sensible. B. Unreasonable. C. Reachable. D. Sensitive. 66. Which of the following is correct according to the passage? A. The old villager traveled all the way to borrow money from his son. B. The son should be accused of being heartless whatever the reason is. C. It is not proper for the son not to take his father to his house even if there is some reason. D. The son is ashamed of his father just because he is a poor rural resident. 67. According to the writer's analysis, we should ________. A. help the son to explain the reason to the public B. find out the reason why the son treated his father like that C. criticize the son for his action D. draw the conclusion that the son's behavior is against Chinese tradition 68. The writer's attitude toward the son's way of treating his father is ________. A. critical B. favorable C. objective D. negative (B) ______________________________ Events Calendar _______________________________ TUESDAY Landscape Pests(虫子) Learn to identify, control and prevent seasonal landscape-disease and landscape-pest problems at the workshop, 3:30 pm-5 pm. Tuesday at the US National Arboretum,3501 New York Ave NE, Washington, $15; registration required. 202-245-4521 or www.usna.usda.gov. THROUGH AUG.3 Horticultural(园艺的)Art Watercolors, pen-and–ink drawings and colored-pencil pieces by the Brookside Gardens Schoo1 of Botanical Art

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and Illustration will be on display at the exhibit Botanica 2007: the Art and Science of Plants at Brookside Gardens Visitors Center, 1800 Glena11an Ave, Wheaton, through Aug. 3. Free. 301-962-1400 or www.brooksidegardens.org. THROUGH SEPT.9 Botanical(植物学的)Art Visit Patterns in Nature, an exhibit by Amy Lamb featuring photographs of flowers, leaves and other botanical life, at the US Botanic Garden Conservatory, West Orangery, 100 Maryland Ave SW, Washington, through Sept. 9. The conservatory is open 10 am-5 pm daily. Free. 202-225-8333. THROUGH OCT.8 Botanic Garden Exhibit Celebrating America‘s Public Gardens is on view through Oct. 8 at the US botanic Garden, 100 Maryland Ave SW, Washington. The exhibit, on the Conservatory Terrace and in the National Garden, features displays of 20 public botanic gardens across the country. Hours are 10 am-5 pm daily. Free. 202-200-8956.

68. If you want to record your name for an event in advance, you may call . A. 202-225-8333 B. 202-245-4521 C. 301-962-1400 D. 202-200-8956 69. If you go to Botanic Garden Exhibit, you . A. can enjoy drawings and colored-pencil pieces B. can learn how to kill pests living on the plants C. can find displays of 20 botanic gardens across the country D. will enjoy the photographs of flowers and leaves 70. From the advertisement, we learn . A. the first event is about growing healthy plants B. all of the events are free of charge C. there is no time limit to all the events D. you can find all the information of the events either by phone or e-mail (C) The new year has come and it is time for those about to graduate to look for jobs. Competition is tough, so job seekers must carefully consider their personal choices. Whatever we are wearing, our family and friends may accept us, but the workplace may not. A high school newspaper editor said it is unfair for companies to discourage visible tattoos (纹身) nose rings, or certain dress styles. It is true you can‘t judge a book by its cover, yet people do ―cover‖ themselves in order to convey (传递)certain messages. What we wear, including tattoos and nose rings, is an expression of who we are. Just as people convey messages about themselves with their appearances?so do companies. Dress standards exist in the business world for a number of reasons, but the main concern is often about what customers accept. Others may say how to dress is a matter of personal freedom, but for businesses it is more about whether to make or lose money. Most employers do care about the personal appearances of their employees (雇员), because those people represent the companies to their customers. As a hiring manager I am paid to choose the people who would make the best impression on our customers. There are plenty of well-qualified candidates, so it is not wrong to reject someone who might disappoint my customers. Even though I am open-minded, I can‘t expect all our customers are. There is nobody to blame but yourself if your set of choices does not match that of your preferred employer.

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No company should have to change to satisfy a candidate simply cause he or she is unwilling to respect its standards, as long as its standards are legal. 70. The author‘s attitude towards strange dress styles in the workplace may best be described as ________ . A. enthusiastic B. negative C positive D. sympathetic 71. Which of the following is the newspaper editor‘ opinion according to Paragraph 2? A. Strange dress styles should not be encouraged in the workplace. B. Candidates are supposed to wear whatever they would love to. C. Candidates with tattoos or nose rings should be fairly treated. D. People's carrying tattoos, nose rings are regarded as guilty. 72. What can be inferred from the text? A. Hiring managers try to make the best impression of themselves on their candidates. B. What to wear is a matter of personal choice for companies. C. Companies sometimes have to change to respect their candidates. D. Candidates have to wear what companies prefer for an interview. 73. Which of the following would be the best title for the text? A. Reap What You Sow B. Think Before You Leap C. Repair The House Before It Rains D. Give The Monkey What He Wants 65?68 ACBC69?71 BCD (青浦) (A) On Thursday afternoon Mrs. Clarke, dressed for going out, took her handbag with her money and her key in it, pulled the door behind her to lock it and went to the over 60s Club. She always went there on Thursdays. It was a nice outing for an old woman who lived alone. At six o‘clock she came home, let herself in and at once smelt cigarette smoke. Cigarette smoke in her house? How? How? Had someone got in? She checked the back door and the windows. All were locked or fastened, as usual. There was no sign of forced entry. Over a cup of tea she wondered whether someone might have a key that fitted her front door — ―a master key‖ perhaps. So she stayed at home the following Thursday. Nothing happened. Was anyone watching her movements? On the Thursday after that she went out at her usual time, dressed as usual, but she didn‘t go to the club. Instead she took a short cut home again, letting herself in through her garden and the back door. She settled down to wait. It was just after four o‘clock when the front door bell rang. Mrs. Clarke was making a cup of tea at the time. The bell rang again, and then she heard her letter-box being pushed open. With the kettle of boiling water in her hand, she moved quietly towards the front door. A long piece of wire appeared through the letter-box, and then a hand. The wire turned and caught around the handle on the door-lock. Mrs. Clarke raised the kettle and poured the water over the hand. There was a shout outside, and the skin seemed to drop off the fingers like a glove. The wire fell to the floor, the hand was pulled back, and Mrs. Clarke heard the sound of running feet. 65. Mrs. Clarke looked forward to Thursday because A. she worked at a club on the day B. she had visitors on Thursday C. she visited a club on Thursday D. a special visitor came on Thursday 66. What does the expression ―a master key‖ in Paragraph 3 most probably mean? . 72?75 BADD

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A. A key to all the doors. B. A key only to the woman‘s door. C. A key only its master can use. D. A key not everyone can use. 67. On the third Thursday Mrs. Clarke went out . A. because she didn‘t want to miss the club again B. to see if the thief was wandering outside C. to the club but then changed her mind D. in an attempt to trick the thief 68. The lock on the front door was one which A. needed a piece of wire to open it B. could be opened from inside without a key C. couldn‘t be opened without a key D. used a handle instead of a key (B) RichardSolo 1800 Rechargeable Battery In just minutes a day, plug in and charge your iPhone quickly! Just plug RichardSolo 1800 into your iPhone once or twice a day, for fifteen minutes, and keep your iPhone charged up. At your desk, or at dinner, plug RichardSolo into iPhone to instantly transfer charge. No more battery worries. RichardSolo will charge iPhone to full 1.5 times, and it is good for 3-5 years of recharges. Use the iPhone while charging it. Even charge the RichardSolo 1800 and iPhone together at the same time. Take only one charger when traveling and wake up in the morning with the RichardSolo and the iPhone charged. RichardSolo 1800 is largest in its class and holds its charge for months. Works with almost all iPhone cases. Your satisfaction is guaranteed, with our 30-day return privilege. If you‘re not satisfied for any reason, we‘ll email you a pre-paid return label. Actual customer comments: To have your company exhibit such good service is unbelievably refreshing. —P.S. This is what I call great customer support. I wish more companies would figure this out these days. Thank you so much. — D.C. You have provided me one of the best services I have ever seen on any online/ telephone shopping. — T.K. You must have the fastest processing and shipping in the industry!! — M.C. This is the best customer service experience I have had in a long time. If only we always had such good enjoyment! — L.L. I‘ve read online about your amazing customer service, and I must say I‘m now a true believer. — B.L. Your service is so satisfactory that I even can‘t believe it, and I will introduce it to my friends.—J.K. 69. What is special about the battery? A. It is built in an iPhone. B. It is the smallest of its kind. C. It can also be used as a charger. D. It keeps power for about 30 days. 70. Who mentions the transporting of the battery? .

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A. P.S. B. B.L. C. M.C. 71. The customer comments on the battery are mainly about its A. quality B. service C. function

D. T.K. . D. shopping

(C) At the heart of the debate over illegal immigration lies one key question: are immigrants good or bad for the economy? The American public overwhelmingly thinks they‘re bad. Yet the agreement among most economists is that immigration, both legal and illegal, provides a small net boost to the economy. Immigrants provide cheap labor, lower the prices of everything from farm produce to new homes, and leave consumers with a little more money in their pockets. So why is there such a discrepancy between the perception of immigrants‘ impact on the economy and the reality? There are a number of familiar theories. Some argue that people are anxious and feel threatened by an inflow of new workers. Others highlight the stress that undocumented immigrants place on public services, like schools, hospitals, and jails. Still others emphasize the role of race, arguing that foreigners add to the nation's fears and insecurities. There‘s some truth to all these explanations, but they aren‘t quite sufficient. To get a better understanding of what‘s going on, consider the way immigration‘s impact is felt. Though its overall effect may be positive, its costs and benefits are distributed unevenly. David Card, an economist at UC Berkeley, notes that the ones who profit most directly from immigrants‘ low-cost labor are businesses and employers —meatpacking plants in Nebraska, for instance, these producers‘ savings probably translate into lower prices at the grocery store, but how many consumers make that mental connection at the checkout counter? As for the drawbacks of illegal immigration, these, too, are concentrated. Native low-skilled workers suffer most from the competition of foreign labor. According to a study by George Borjas, a Harvard economist, immigration has reduced the wages of American high-school dropouts by 9%. Among high-skilled, better-educated employees, however, opposition was strongest in states with both high numbers of immigrants and relatively generous social services. What worried them most, in other words, was the financial burden of immigration. That conclusion was reinforced by another finding: that their opposition appeared to soften when that financial burden decreased, as occurred with welfare reform in the 1990s, which curbed immigrants‘ access to certain benefits. The irony is that for all the overexcited debate, the net effect of immigration is minimal. Even for those most acutely affected — say, low-skilled workers, or California residents — the impact isn‘t all that dramatic. ―The unpleasant voices have tended to dominate our perceptions,‖ says Daniel Tichenor, a professor at the University of Oregon. ―But when all those factors are put together and the economists calculate the numbers, it ends up being a net positive, but a small one.‖ Too bad most people don‘t realize it. 72. What can we learn from the first paragraph? A. Whether immigrants are good or bad for the economy has been puzzling economists. B. The American economy used to thrive on immigration but now it‘s a different story. C. The agreement among economists is that immigration should not be encouraged. D. The general public thinks differently from most economists on the impact of immigration. 73. What is the chief concern of native high-skilled, better-educated employees about the inflow of immigrants? A. It may change the existing social structure. B. It may pose a threat to their economic status. C. It may decrease .their financial burden. D. It may place a great pressure on the state budget. 74. What is the irony about the debate over immigration? A. Even economists can‘t reach an agreement about its impact.

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B. Those who are opposed to it turn out to benefit most from it. C. People are making too big a fuss about something of small impact. D. There is no essential difference between seemingly opposite opinions. 75. Which of the following might be the best title of the passage? A. A debate about whether to immigrate. B. A debate about the impact of illegal immigrants. C. The great impact of immigrants on the economy. D. Opposition to illegal immigration. 65~68 CADB (普陀) (A) The Internet has led to a huge increase in credit-card fraud. Your card information could even be for sale in an illegal Web site. Web sites offering cheap goods and services should be regarded with care. On-line shoppers who enter their credit-card information may never receive the goods they bought. The thieves then go shopping with your card number or sell the information over the Internet.? Computers hackers(黑客) have broken down security systems, raising questions about the safety of cardholder information. Several months ago,25 000 customers of CD Universe, an on-line music retailer(批发 商),were not lucky. Their names, addresses and credit-card numbers were posted on a Web site after the retailer refused to pay US $157 828 to get back the information.? Credit-card firms are now fighting against on-line fraud. Master Card is working on plans for Web-only credit card, with a lower credit limit. The card could be used only for shopping on-line. However, there are a few simple steps you can take to keep from being cheated.? Ask about your credit-card firm's on-line rules: Under British law, cardholders are responsible for the first US $78 of any fraudulent spending.? And shop only at secure sites: Send your credit-card information only if the Web site offers advanced secure system.? If the security is in place, a letter will appear in the bottom right-hand corner of your screen. The Web site address may also start with https://—the extra ―s‖ stands for secure. If in doubt, give your credit-card information over the telephone.? Keep your password safe: Most online sites require a user name and password before placing an order. Treat your passwords with care.? 65. What do most people worry about the Internet according to this passage?? A. A lot of stolen credit-cards were sold on the Internet.? B. Fraud on the Internet.? C. Many Web sites are destroyed.? D. Many illegal Web sites are on the Internet. 66. What is the meaning of the word ―fraud‖ ?? A. cheating B. sale C. payment D. safety 67. How can the thieves get the information of the credit-card?? A. The customers give them the information.? B. The thieves steal the information from Web sites.? C. The customers sell the information to them.? D. Both A and B. 68. You are shopping on the site: http://www.shopping.com,and you want to buy a TV set, what does this article suggest doing? A. Order the TV set at once.? B. Do not buy the TV set on this site.? C. E-mail the site your credit-card information.? D. Tell the site your password and buy the TV set for you. (B) 69~71 CCB 72~75 DDCB

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Before we send humans into deep space, we‘ll have to find out just how long the human body can survive in a weightless environment. One problem is that in space there‘s no physical sensation to let you know when you‘re upside down and astronauts have to rely on possible clues from their surroundings. A few hours after reaching orbit(轨道), one in three of all astronauts will experience space sickness—a feeling rather like carsickness. There is also the problem of protection from the extreme hazards(危险) of space such as constant meteorite bombardment(陨星轰击) and radiation. It is going to take some clever technology to keep rockets and astronauts from these dangers. Even with a well-protected spaceship, space travel isn‘t going to be easy. No matter what you travel in, it is going to be a long flight in space! Science fiction writers often imagine using suspended animation(动画), a kind of forced long-term sleep, as a way for astronauts to escape the boredom of long missions. An even stronger measure might be to freeze the astronauts. We already use cryogenic(低温) techniques to preserve dead bodies and store human embryos(胚胎). Freezing living adults may not be so far away, but perhaps we don‘t have to do that. Perhaps we should use our existing technology and send frozen embryos to the far corners of universe. Hundreds of years from now, billions and billions of miles away, the embryos will be thawed(解冻) and their hearts will start beating. These astronauts of the future will not grow inside a mother‘s body but will be produced in a machine. They will be brought up by robot. It may seem strange but one day it might just happen. 69. We can learn from the passage that _______. A. scientists already use existing technology to store embryos for space flight B. cryogenic techniques will practically be used for space flight in hundreds of years C. it may be easier to freeze embryos than to freeze adults on the spaceship D. most astronauts will suffer from space sickness 70. In the future astronauts for extreme long journeys will grow up_____. A. before they go into space B. during the space trip C. when they are inside mother‘s body D. after they return from space 71. The passage is mainly about ______. A. the bright future of space flight B. the possibility to train embryo astronauts C. the physical and mental conditions of astronauts D. the problems and the possible solutions to them in long space flights (C) NASDAQ, acronym for the National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotation system, is one of the largest markets in the world for the trading of stocks. The number of companies listed on NASDAQ is more than that on any of the other stock exchange in the United States, including the New York Stock Exchange(NYSE) and the American Stock Exchange (AMSE). The majority of companies listed on NASDAQ are smaller than most of those on the NYSE and AMSX. NASDAQ has become known as the home of new technology companies, particularly computer and computer-related businesses. Trading on NASDAQ is started by stock brokers(经纪人) acting on behalf of their clients. The brokers negotiate with market makers who concentrate on trading specific stocks to reach a price for the stock. Unlike other stock exchange, NASDAQ has no central location where trading takes place. Instead, its market makers are located all over the country and make trades by telephone and via the Internet. Because brokers and market makers trade stocks directly instead of on the floor of a stock exchange, NASDAQ is called an over-the-counter market. The term over-the –counter refers to the direct nature of the trading, as in a store where goods are handed over a counter. Since its inception(开市) in 1971, the NASDAQ Stock Market has been the innovator(创新者). As the world‘s first electronic stock market, NASDAQ long ago set a precedent(先例) for technological trading innovation that is unrivaled(无对手的). Now ready to become the world‘s first truly global market, the NASDAQ Stock Market is the market of choice for business industry leaders worldwide. By providing an efficient environment for raising capital NASDAQ has helped thousands of companies achieve their desired growth and successfully make the leap into public ownership. 72. What is TRUE of NASDAQ? A. It is the largest stock market in the world. B. IT lists only small companies. C. It lists all the new technology companies. D. It lists the biggest number of companies. 73. The word‖ negotiate‖(Line 8,Para.1) means ________. A. discuss B. argue C. interfere D. cope

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74. NASDAQ is also known as an over-the –counter market because it seems______. A. a stock market B. a stock exchange C. a counter D. a store 75. Since its founding in 1971, NASDAQ has contributed to ______. A. raising money for many companies B. creating an efficient environment for many companies C. the expected development of many companies D. the unexpected development of many companies 65-68 BABB 69-71 BBD 72-75 DA DC (浦东) (A) You are walking along a lane and never know what you will find. It might be a shop selling oil paintings, or a place where you can buy Dutch cheese. One thing is for sure, you will end up by a canal. Welcome to Amsterdam, the capital of the Netherlands. The year 2013 will be a good time to explore Amsterdam as the city has a lot to celebrate: the famous canal ring will turn 400 years old. Amsterdam will also celebrate the 160th birthday of Dutch painter of the Van Gogh museum, home to the biggest collection of the artist‘s colorful works. The famous canal ring is a trademark of the city. With more than 100 kilometers of canals, it is no wonder that Amsterdam is called the ?Venice of the north‘. But unlike the Italian town, where boats were originally used for transport, the canals in Amsterdam were mainly used for defense in the 17th century. Today ferries on canals offer a different way to explore the city. But to truly experience Amsterdam, you can‘t miss the city‘s historic museums and monuments, among which Van Gogh museum is the most famous one. It holds 200 paintings, 700 letters and 500 drawings by the artist. Another famous museum is Anne Frank‘s house. Anne Frank became famous around the world because of a diary she left explaining her and her family‘s experience as a Jewish girl during World War II, hiding out in a house hoping that she would not be captured by German Nazis. Amsterdam is small enough to walk or cycle almost anywhere, but it is rarely dull. Best of all it combines its glittering past with a rebellious edginess. 65. Which of the following is TRUE of the canals in Amsterdam? A. They had to be rebuilt after years of use. B. They protected the city in ancient times. C. They were built to provide transport for the city. D. They are the main theme of Van Gogh‘s paintings. 66. In the passage, Amsterdam is described as a city _____. A. that can be explored by foot B. that is completely built on water C. that has two historic museums in all D. that is famous for its modernization 67. What can we infer from the passage? A. People get lost easily in Amsterdam. B. Van Gogh spent his life time in Amsterdam. C. Many Jews in Amsterdam were caught by Nazis. D. Taking a ferry ride is the most popular activity in Amsterdam. 68. Where would this passage most probably appear? A. In a museum leaflet. C. In an academic magazine. B. In a history textbook. D. In a travel brochure. (B)
Which tablet computer should YOU be buying: They are this year's must have... and there's a style to suit everyone?

Best for young children LeapPad Explorer 2, ?68

Best for teenagers iPad 4th generation, ?399-?659

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Aimed at children between The iPad is still the three and nine (though a market leader, and for good nine-year-old might find it a reason. If the teenager in little simple), it comes in pink your house enjoys playing or blue and with five built-in computer games, the latest education games (you can buy offering from Apple is the more). Besides, the LeapPad one to choose. does not allow access to the Pros: No other tablet can compete with the near internet — so it is impossible for your child to stumble across anything one million ?apps‘ (the name Apple created for specially-designed downloadable programs) inappropriate. Pros: The education games are available for the iPad. Simple to use, even for well-designed, the built-in video camera is a those who usually struggle with technology. Cons: Considerably more expensive than fun way to play at being a film director. most competitors. Cons: Some of the games are shockingly expensive. And the power adaptor is not included. Best for working parents Best for bookworms Microsoft Surface, ?399-?559 Amazon Kindle Paperwhite, ?109 Tablets are brilliant Nearly all tablets let you download books. It's a great way for leisure — but what if to take a mountainous pile of you want to do a bit of hardbacks on holiday without work? No tablet can yet stuffing your suitcase. compete with a full-size laptop computer, but this But most tablets have a is the only tablet that allows you to use shiny screen — which can be Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint (they are all pre-installed and included in the price) and very distracting when you're trying to read. The you can buy a pretty lovely mini- keyboard for Paperwhite is different: its matt screen and typing letters and emails, which also doubles up crisp black lettering imitate the look of words as the cover. on paper brilliantly. And yet you can still read Pros: The Surface is good for watching the words in the dark. Pros: Easy on the eye, excellent battery movies — a bonus when stuck in the airport life, 180,000 free books (if you subscribe to the on a business trip — and surfing the internet. Con: The keyboard is an expensive add-on Amazon Prime customer loyalty service) plus — costing up to ? 109. It might be cheaper to hundreds of thousands more to buy. Cons: No TV, films, games, internet or buy a laptop (though a tablet is much smaller camera. and lighter). 69. The underlined phrase ‘stumble across’ most probably means ‘___________’. A. meet with B. quarrel with C. compare with D. compete with 70. Which of the following about Surface is NOT TRUE? A. The keyboard will add to the cost. B. The keyboard can serve as a cover. C. You have to pay extra to install Microsoft Word. D. You can watch movies or surf the Internet with it. 71. If you are a game lover, which tablet is least likely to be your choice? A. LeapPad Explorer 2. B. iPad 4th generation. C. Microsoft Surface. D. Amazon Kindle Paperwhite. (C) Seligman is leading the research on what might be called Happiness Revolution in psychology. Since World War II, psychologists have focused on fixing what is broken —repairing psychosis(精神病), and neurosis(精 神衰弱) Research has piled up steadily when it comes to looking at patients who are neurotic, while the happy or . joyful people among us have received little scientific examination.

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When Seligman did a search to find academic articles about such ?positive psychology‘ he found only 800 out of 70,000. ?Psychologists tend to be concerned with taking a negative 8 person, and helping him get to negative 2,‘ said Seligman, a psychology professor of the University of Pennsylvania. ?My aim is to take a plus 2 person and boost him to a plus 6.‘ In the last 50 years, statistics have shown that we are less happy as a people. ?While our quality of life has increased dramatically over that time, and we‘ve become richer, we‘re in an epidemic of depression,‘ Seligman said. ?Depression is 10 times more common now, and life satisfaction rates are down as well.‘ Seligman argues that the new science he writes about is shifting psychology‘s model away from its narrow-minded focus on mental illness towards positive emotion, virtue and strength that increase people‘s happiness. If you want to be happy, forget about winning the lottery(抽奖), getting a nose job, or securing a raise. In his new book, Authentic Happiness, psychologist Martin Seligman argues that overall lifetime happiness is not the result of good genes, money, or even luck. Instead, he says we can increase our own happiness by making use of the strengths and virtues that we already have, including kindness, originality, humor, optimism, and generosity. He has named the field ?Positive Psychology,‘ arguing that we would be better off building on our own strengths rather than mourning, and, hence, trying to repair, our weaknesses. By frequently calling upon their strengths, people can build up natural barriers against misfortune and negative emotions, he said. Science has shown that there are several distinct roads to being a happy person — though happiness might not mean what you think. Material goods — even simple ones like ice cream, and massages — are only stimulating things that rapidly give people a boost. To cultivate happiness, we must first find out our individual strengths and virtues. Next, apply the qualities in such a way as to enhance your happiness-generating system. 72. The distinctive feature of Seligman‘s work lies in ______. A. evaluating the psychological state of people B. making a study of people who suffer from mental illness C. focusing the scientific examination on the happy or joyful people D. figuring out the exact number of the academic articles about ?positive psychology‘ 73. What does Seligman mean by saying ?take a plus 2 person and boost him to a plus 6‘? A. We should focus on happy or joyful people. B. We need more and more happy and joyful people. C. It‘s difficult to make people happy from a plus 2 to plus 6. D. Happy people also need to improve their level of happiness. 74. According to the passage, which of the statements might Martin Seligman support? A. Promotion leads to true happiness. B. We can rely on our strengths for happiness. C. Intelligent people are usually more satisfied. D. Mental illness should be the focus of psychology. 75. The passage mainly talks about ______. A. strengths and happiness B. ways to cultivate happiness C. development of psychology D. effect of positive psychology 65~68. BACD 69~71. ACD 72~75. CDBB

(闵行) (A)

(You may read the questions first)
Below is a web page from http://www.tvguide.com/. Grammy Awards Beyoncé and Taylor Swift are ready to take home a lot of hardware

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tonight as they lead all artists with 10 and eight nominations (提名). The ladies also perform, along with fellow Album of the Year nominees the Black Eyed Peas, Lady Gaga and the Dave Matthews Band. In addition, Bon Jovi, Green Day, Lady Antebellum, Maxwell, Pink and Zac Brown Band will also take the stage. But perhaps the most expected moment is the Michael Jackson tribute (颂词), which features the 3-D mini-movie ―Earth Song‖ and will be highlighted by performers Celine Dion, Jennifer Hudson, Smokey Robinson, Carrie Underwood and Usher. Maurer A mysterious company named Sabre, headed by an attractive, stubborn CEO (Kathy Bates), appears out of nowhere and buys out Dunder Mifflin. As Michael is unwilling to follow Sabre‘s new policies, Andy and Erin write a welcome song to greet the company. Meanwhile, Pam and Jim hope to get accepted into a desired local day-care center. Surviving Survivor It‘s hard to believe it‘s been 10 years since the first season of Survivor. But tonight ten of the game‘s most iconic players, including previous winners Richard Hatch, Parvati Shallow and Tom Westman, discuss the series in detail and provide understanding into how the game is actually played and the impact it‘s had on their lives. In addition, updates on beloved former castaways, like Ethan Zohn, Rupert Boneham and Elisabeth Hasselbeck, are given. Private Practice So Maya‘s pregnant and wants to have the baby. What to do now? Dink (Stephen Lunsford), the boy who did his part to get her into this mess, has a solution: He wants to marry her. You can imagine how Sam and Naomi will feel about that. And if that won‘t raise the histrionic level enough for you, how about this: A couple has two dying daughters, and only one can be saved. Their choice? And Brian Benben is back, so expect more Pete-Violet- Sheldon worry. 65. Suppose Edna is crazy about pop stars, which programme is she most likely to watch? A. Grammy Awards B. Maurer C. Surviving Survivor D. Private Practice 66. According to the passage, Surviving Survivor is most probably ________. A. a musical play B. a game show C. a love story D. a cultural documentary 67. The word ―histrionic‖ in the passage probably means ―________‖. A. amusing B. serious C. unique D. dramatic (B) Ridgewood is a small, quiet town 20 miles from Manhattan. It is a typical suburban town, perfect for raising children away from the fast pace of the city. However, some Ridgewood kids feel as upset as if they were on the city‘s busy streets. In addition to hours of homework, Ridgewood‘s children are occupied with afterschool activities-- from swimming to piano to religious classes. Out of desperation one day, the town decided to schedule another activity. This one was called ―Ridgewood Family Night -- Ready, Set, Relax!‖ Instead of schedules filled with sports, music, or overtime at the office, some of the town‘s 25,000 residents decided to take the night off and stay home. For a few months before Family Night, a committee of volunteers worked hard to spread the word. Younger students took ―Save the Date for Me‖ leaflets home to their parents. The mayor issued a statement, and schools and clubs agreed to cancel homework and meetings so families could relax and be together.

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The tension between a hope for a more relaxed lifestyle and the knowledge that the benchmark for success has been raised in recent years weighs heavily on the minds of the townspeople. Some parents like to recall a different kind of childhood, one without so many scheduled afterschool activities. However, these same parents feel obliged to make sure their children are prepared to survive in today‘s high-pressure work environment. They are afraid that any gap in their children‘s physical or intellectual development might mean they won‘t be admitted to the ―right‖ universities and won‘t succeed in a more and more competitive world. Nevertheless, it seems that Family Night worked, at least to a point. Cars moved easily around Ridgewood‘s normally busy downtown streets, and stores and restaurants saw a drop in business. Some families ate supper together for the first time in months. Initially, there was great hope of taking back their lives. But sadly, few families believe that one night will change their lives. Many are sure that they will fall back into the habit of over-scheduling their children to be overachieving adults. 68. The writer describes Ridgewood as a town where ________. A. residents take little notice of education B. children are stressful and over expected C. parents are concerned about children‘s safety D. children lead a life of relaxed, ordinary rhythms 69. According to the passage, which of the following is NOT true about the Family Night? A. Schools assigned no homework. C. The streets were less crowded. B. Fewer people ate in the restaurants. D. People enjoyed meeting each other.

70. According to the passage, the parents in Ridgewood ________. A. have conflicting desires about what experiences to offer their children B. are happy with the lifestyle they have chosen for themselves and the children C. believe that it is their duty to make a change for the stressful life style D. are worried about their children‘s lacking of big ambition 71. We may get the conclusion from the passage that ________. A. the concept of Family Night will become a regular part of life in Ridgewood B. Ridgewood people believe the Family Night will change their way of living C. Family Night is not as popular as people have originally thought D. schools are worried about students being given too much free time (C) Although websites such as Facebook and MySpace experienced increasing growth during the middle of the first decade of the 21st century, some users fail to realize the fact that the information they post online can come back to trouble them. First, employers can monitor employees who maintain a blog, photo diary, or website. Employers can look for troublesome employees‘ opinions, sensitive information disclosures, or wildly inappropriate conduct. For example, a North Carolina newspaper fired one of its features writers after she created a blog on which she anonymously wrote about the characteristics of her job and coworkers. The second unintended use of information from social networking websites is employers who check on potential employees. A New York Times article reported that many companies recruiting (招募) on college campuses use search engines and social networking websites such as MySpace, Xanga, and Facebook to conduct background checks. Although the use of MySpace or Google to investigate a student‘s background is somewhat

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upsetting to many undergraduates, the Times noted that the use of Facebook is especially shocking to students who believe that Facebook is limited to current students and recent alumni. Company employers are not the only people interested in college students‘ lives. The third unintended use of social networking websites is college administrators who monitor the Internet—especially Facebook—for student misconduct. For example, a college in Boston‘s Back Bay expelled (除名) its Student Government Association President for joining a Facebook group highly critical of a campus police sergeant. In addition, fifteen students at a state university in North Carolina faced charges in court for underage drinking because of photos that appeared on Facebook. Although more users of websites such as Facebook are becoming aware of the potential pitfalls (陷阱) of online identities, many regular users still fail to take three basic security precautions. First, only make your information available to a specific list of individuals whom you approve. Second, regularly search for potentially harmful information about yourself that may have been posted by mistake or by a disgruntled (不满的) former colleague. Third, never post offensive material under your name or on your page as, despite the best precautions, this material will likely make its way to the wider world. By taking these simple steps, members of the digital world can realize the many benefits of e-community without experiencing some of the damaging unintended consequences. 72. The main purpose of the passage is to ________. A. explain the growth of the digital world through from the aspect of privacy B. discuss the risks of the digital world and suggest ways to protect yourself C. propose steps Facebook, MySpace, and Google can take to protect user privacy D. illustrate potential unintended uses of private information 73. The author implies that users should take all of the following actions to protect their online privacy EXCEPT________. A. know to whom you make your online information available B. avoid uploading information that would be damaging if it were discovered C. carefully select and limit who can view your electronic profile D. speak with employers to inform them of any misinformation published about you 74. Which of the following best describes the relationship between the last paragraph and the other paragraphs? A. It offers detailed examples to support previous points of view. B. It summarizes the points of view in the previous paragraphs. C. It provides suggestions to solve the previously mentioned problems. D. It offers evidence to make the previous points of view clearer. 75. According to the passage, which of following does the writer imply? A. Information obtained unwillingly from the Internet is permissible in court. B. It is impossible to protect yourself from unintended uses of information online. C. Even if you restrict who can view your data, the government may still access it. D. Done properly, posting offensive information about oneself causes no risk. 65~68 ABDB (静安) 69~71 DAC 72~75 BDCA

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(A) 14 DAYS FROM JUST ?2,090! FULLY INCLUSIVE FROM THE UK Price cover international airfares, departure taxes, fuel charge, local transportation all meals, entrance fees, guides, daily tours and visas for the UK citizens. Days 1-3: UK — Shanghai Fly to great city of Shanghai and in the evening sample traditional Shanghai food. Visit the beautiful YU Garden, Old Town. Shanghai Museum, cross the Great Nanpu Bridge and tour the Pudong area. Also explore Xintiandi with its 1920's style Shikumen buildings and end your stay in Shanghai with an amazing Huangpu River evening tour. Days 4-7: Shanghai — Yangtze River Tour Fly to Yichang and change (approx: on hour) to board your Yangtze River ship for the next four nights. Enjoy a tour of the three Gorges Dam (三峡大坝)before sailing on the grand Yangtze River, passing through the impressive Three Gorges. We take a side trip to the lesser Three Gorges or travel up the Shennong Stream in a peapod boat and enjoy various shore trips along the way. Day 8: Chongqing — Chengdu Get off in Chongqing and drive to Chengdu for an overnight stay. Days 9-10: Chengdu — Xi'an Visit the famous Panda Reserve to see the lovely animals. We then fly to the historic city of Xi'an for two nights stay and enjoy traditional Shuijiao. Next day, explore one of the most important discoveries of the 20th century ——the Terracotta Warriors (兵马俑),followed by the ancient City Wall and a performance of Tang Dynasty dancing.

Days 11-13: Xi'an — Beijing
Visit little wild Goose Pagoda and see the ancient objects at the well-known Shaanxi provincial museum before walking through the lively Muslim Quarter to see the Great Mosque. Later fly to Beijing for three nights' stay and try Peking Duck. During our stay in Beijing, we stroll through Tiananmen Square to the Forbidden City, the largest and best preserved collection of ancient buildings in China, and visit the Summer Palace. Next day we take a walk on the Great Wall, tour the unique Temple of Heaven and enjoy an attractive Chinese Acrobatic Show.

Day 14: Beijing — UK
Fly back to the UK, arriving home later the same day filled with happy memories. 65. The underlined word sample in the passage probably means ________. A. buy B. reserve C. taste D. make 66. The first and last scenic spots they visited in Xi'an are ________. A. the Terracotta Warriors and the Great Mosque B. the Terracotta Warriors and Shanghai Provincial Museum C. little wild Goose Pagoda and Great Mosque

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D. little wild Goose Pagoda and the Muslim Quarter 67. Which of the following is TRUE according to the ad. ? A. The tourists will have to pay extra for fuel and meals. B. The tourists will visit the 1920's Shikumen buildings in Beijing. C. The tourists will take a side trip to the Three Gorges Dam during the tour. D. The tourists will stay in Beijing for three nights before leaving for the UK. 68. The ad. is mainly intended to ________. A. encourage the British to travel in China B. attract the British to traditional Chinese food C. offer service of booking air tickets to tourists D. provide the British with a better understanding of Shanghai (B) There are two factors which determine an individual's intelligence. The first is the sort of brain he is born with. Human brains differ considerably, some being more capable than others. But no matter how good a brain he has to begin with, an individual will have a low order of intelligence unless he has opportunities to learn. So the second factor is what happens to the individual 一 the sort of environment in which he is reared. If an individual is handicapped environmentally, it is likely that his brain will fail to develop and he will never attain the level of intelligence of which he is capable. The importance of environment in determining an individual's intelligence can be demonstrated by the case history of the identical twins, Peter and Mark. Being identical, the twins had identical brains at birth, and their growth processes were the same. When the twins were three months old, their parents died, and they were placed in separate foster homes. Peter was reared by parents of low intelligence in an isolated community with poor educational opportunities. Mark was reared in the home of well-to-do parents who had been to college. He was read to as a child, sent to good schools, and given every opportunity to be stimulated intellectually. This environmental difference continued until the twins were in their teens, when they were given tests to measure their intelligence. Mark's I.Q. was 125, twenty-five points higher than the average and fully forty points higher than his identical brother. Given equal opportunities, the twins, having identical brains, would have tested at roughly the same level. 69. According to the passage, the average I.Q. is ________. A. 85 B. 100 C. 110 D. 125 70. This passage suggests that an individual‘s I.Q. ________. A. can be predicted at birth B. is inherited from his parents C. stays the same throughout his life D. can be increased by education 71. This selection can best be titled_________. A. Measuring Your Intelligence B. Intelligence and Environment C. The Case of Peter and Mark D. How the brain Influences Intelligence (C) At some time in your life you may have a strong desire to do something strange or terrible. However,

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chances are that you don't act on your impulse, but let it pass instead. You know that to commit the action is wrong in some way and that other people will not accept your behavior. Perhaps the most interesting thing about the phenomenon of taboo (禁忌的) behavior is how it can change over the years within the same society, how certain behavior and attitudes once considered taboo can become perfectly acceptable and natural at another point in time. Topics such as death, for example, were once considered so upsetting and unpleasant that it was a taboo to even talk about them. Now with the publication of important books such as On Death and Dying and Learning to Say Goodbye, people have become more aware of the importance of expressing feelings about death and, as a result, are more willing to talk about this taboo subject. One of the newest taboos in American society is the topic of fat. Unlike many other taboos, fat is a topic that Americans talk about constantly. It's not taboo to talk about fat; it's taboo to be fat. The ―in‖ look is thin, not fat. In the work world, most companies prefer youthful-looking, trim executives to sell their image as well as their products to the public. The thin look is associated with youth, vigor, and success. The fat person, on the other hand, is thought of as lazy and lacking in energy, self-discipline, and self-respect. In an image-conscious society like the U.S., thin is ―in‖, fat is ―out‖. It's not surprising, then, that millions of Americans have become obsessed (着迷) with staying slim and ―in shape‖. The pursuit of a youthful physical appearance is not, however, the sole reason for America's obsession with diet and exercise. Recent research has shown the critical importance of diet and exercise for personal health. As in most technologically developed nations, the life-style of North Americans has changed dramatically during the course of the last century. Modern machines do all the physical labor that people were once forced to do by hand. Cars and buses transport us quickly from point to point. As a result of inactivity and disuse, people's bodies can easily become weak and vulnerable to disease. In an effort to avoid such a fate, millions of Americans are spending more of their time exercising every day. 72. From the passage we can infer taboo is . A. a strong desire to do something strange or terrible B. a crime committed on impulse committed C. behavior considered unacceptable in society's eyes D. an unfavorable impression left on other people 73. Based on the ideas presented in the passage we can conclude being fat A. will always remain a taboo B. is not considered a taboo by most people C. has long been a taboo D. may no longer be a taboo some day 74. In the U.S., thin is ―in‖, fat is ―out‖, this means . A. thin is ―inside‖, fat is ―outside‖ B. thin is ―devoted‖, fat is ―lazy‖ C. thin is ―youthful‖, fat is ―spiritless‖ D. thin is ―fashionable‖, fat is ―unfashionable‖ 75. The main reason the passage gives for why so many Americans are exercising regularly is ________. A. their changed life-style B. their eagerness to stay thin and youthful C. their appreciation of the importance of exercise D. the encouragement they have received from their companies 75. The main reason the passage gives for why so many Americans are exercising regularly is ________. A. their changed life-style B. their eagerness to stay thin and youthful C. their appreciation of the importance of exercise

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D. the encouragement they have received from their companies Section B 65~68 (金山) (A) A major new development in system of work in Britain is taking place. Flexible working hours, or "Flextime", are catching on fast, and trend is continuing. In 1973, over 500 organizations had adopted the idea, and by 1974, this number had risen to over 200,000. Flexible working hours were invented in Germany in the late 1960's, but reached Britain only in 1972. The system allows workers to start and finish work whenever they want, with only two requirements. These are, firstly, that all workers must present for certain "key" times in the day, and secondly, that all workers must work an agreed total number of hours per week. The system had proved a total success wherever it has been tried. A survey of 700 workers on flexible hours showed three main advantages: a better balance between working and private life, avoidance of the need to travel during rush hours and the ability to finish a certain task before leaving. From the employer's point of view, the system tends to increase productivity, reduce labor hour turnover and give workers a greater sense of duty. At first, "Flexible" was mainly confined to white collar workers, but it is now applied to manual workers too. 65. According to "Flextime" system, workers need not ________ . A. work at the same time B. work all the weekdays C. work hard D. ask for leave when being absen 66. ―Key‖ time is a period when __________. A. visitors come to the plants B. all workers must be at work C. employers go round in the workshops D. rush hours are over 67. No matter where it is used, this system has proved___________. A. entirely effective B. totally correct C. a complete failure D. quite difficult 68. One of the main advantages of ―Flextime‖ for workers is that they ___________. A. have a greater sense of duty B. can avoid busy traffic C. can get higher pay D. can avoid working hard (B) Fastest Time to Run 100 Miles on a Treadmill (跑步机) The fastest time to run 100 miles on a treadmill by a team (of 12) is claimed at 9hr 5 min 17 sec by a team consisting of staff and prisoners at the Young Offenders Institute in Wigan to raise money for Children in Need. Largest Game of Chinese Whispers

CADA

69?71 BDB

72?75 CDDB

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Sadly, the record attempt for the largest game of Chinese Whispers was unsuccessful on 13 November 2008. The existing record of 1330 children still remains. Fastest Mile with an Egg/Spoon in both hands The fastest mile egg and spoon race with both hands is 8 min 25 sec and was achieved by Ashrita Furman (USA) in an attempt broadcast by ESPN 260, at Disney‘s Wide World of Sports, in Orlando, Florida, USA, on 13 November 2008. Longest Mexican Wave The record for the Longest Mexican Wave was attempted by 250,000 people on the streets of Adelaide on 8 November 2008 – sadly, the wave was not completed by all participants and the attempt was unsuccessful. The current record of 157, 574 remains. Largest Kebab (烤肉串) The longest kebab measures 2047.47 m (1.27 miles) and was achieved by the ArcelorMittal Newcastle Works on occasion of the company‘s annual Community Day, in Newcastle, South Africa.

69. The above information is _________. A. a series of sports events B. a list of broken and unbroken records C. a report of funny sports items D. a description of challenging human limits 70. Which of the following can NOT be found in the information? A. The countries where the attempts were made. B. The persons who made the attempts. C. The reasons why some attempts failed. D. The present record for each item. 71. Which item was attempted individually? A. Fastest Time to Run 100 Miles on a Treadmill B. Largest Game of Chinese Whispers C. Fastest Mile with an Egg/Spoon in both hands D. Longest Mexican Wave (C) Do you know how it is when you see someone yawn and you start yawning too? Or how hard it is to be among people laughing and not laugh yourself? Well, apparently it's because we have mirror neurons (神经元)in our brains. Put simply, the existence of mirror neurons suggests that every time we see someone else do something, our brains imitate (模仿)it, whether or not we actually perform the same action. This explains a great deal about how we learn to smile, talk, walk, dance or play sports. But the idea goes further: mirror neurons not only appear to explain physical actions, they also tell us that there is a biological basis for the way we understand other people. Mirror neurons can undoubtedly be found all over our brains, but especially in the areas which relate to our

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ability to use languages and to understand how other people feel. Researchers have found that mirror neurons relate strongly to language. A group of researchers discovered that if they gave people sentences to listen to (for example: "The hand took hold of the ball"), the same mirror neurons were triggered as when the action was actually performed (in this example, actually taking hold of a ball). Any problems with mirror neurons may well result in problems with behavior. Much research suggests that people with social and behavioral problems have mirror neurons which are not fully functioning. However, it is not yet known exactly how these discoveries might help find treatments for social disorders. Research into mirror neurons seems to provide us with even more information concerning how humans behave and interact (互动). Indeed, it may turn out to be the equivalent (相等物)for neuroscience of what Einstein's theory of relativity was for physics. And the next time you feel the urge to cough in the cinema when someone else does—well, perhaps you'll understand why. 72. Mirror neurons can explain _________. A. why we cry when we are hurt B. why we cough when we suffer from a cold C. why we smile when we see someone else smile D. why we yawn when we see someone else stay up late 73. The underlined word "triggered" in the third paragraph probably means ―_________‖. A. set off B. cut off C. built up D. broken up 74. We can learn from the passage that mirror neurons _________. A. relate to human behavior and interaction B. control human physical actions and feelings C. result in bad behavior and social disorders D. determine our knowledge and language abilities 75. What is the passage mainly about? A. Ways to find mirror neurons. B. Problems of mirror neurons. C. Existence of mirror neurons. D. Functions of mirror neurons. 65 – 68 ABAB 69 – 71 BCC 72 – 75 CAAD (嘉定) A Work your brain! Between 2 and 3 pounds of wonder, it controls everything we say, do or think, who we are and what we care about, the way we walk or laugh or figure out things, what we like and the talents we possess, how we see and talk and run and jump and process our food. The brain uses 20 percent of our body's oxygen and 20 percent of its blood. Somewhere within its protein, fat, 100,000 miles of blood vessels and 100 billion nerve cells, it helps us remember where we put our gym shoes. Change our temperature so we don't die because of the heat or cold. Speed us up or slow us down. Help us choose between orange juice or orangeflavored drinks. Its complexity are stunning, far beyond anything most of us can imagine. To keep this work of art as polished as possible we need to eat right, exercise and keep mentally stimulated. Good nutrition helps brain cells communicate with each other. Exercise stimulates a hormone in our brain that improves memory. Mental stimulation keeps you sharp even as you age. ―It's very important that we tell people to be physically active and mentally active,‖ said neurologist Malcolm

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Stewart. ―People cannot stop aging, but you're able to reduce the damage; you're able to keep the function up.‖ Following are Dr.Stewart's advice for improving brain health: ? Nutrition Avoid fast food. Follow the old adage(格言): For breakfast, eat like a king; for lunch, like a queen; for supper, like a beggar. ? Exercise Do a combination of stretching aerobic and musclestrengthening every day. ? Mental games Try to have a sense of hope about the future. Do puzzles. Listen to music. Reach out to others to make their lives better. 65. The purpose of the author in writing this passage is to ______. A. inform us how the brain works B. give us advice on how to keep the brain healthy C. tell us that the brain plays an important role in our lives D. show how special the brain is to us 66. The word ―stunning‖ in Paragraph 5 means ______. A. interesting B. strange C. significant D. amazing 67. According to the text,more exercise ______. A. keeps our mind sharp B. helps improve our memory C. gives our brain a rest D. is good for brain cells communicating with each other 68. In order to keep brain healthy,we should avoid ______. A. eating a good lunch B. doing puzzles C. eating a large supper D. taking aerobic exercise

B
Blogs are here to stay. They have become a deep-rooted part of the literary, journalistic, and even social area. Perhaps you would like to start a blog; perhaps you would like to improve your blog; perhaps you would like to take your blog to professional standards—as a means of earning incomes or increasing your visibility. Whatever your goal is, this course will move you in the right direction. Millions of people have blogs. Only a part of them do it well enough to achieve real benefits, in terms of incomes, visibility, or sheer (纯粹的) entertainment. This course will show you how to join the band of better bloggers. You will learn how to find the right tone for your blog, set it up and maintain it, write posts that are effective and worth reading, and attract people from all over the world to your spot on the blogsphere. While it‘s simple to start a blog, it takes vigilance and skill to do it really well, as is true of any kind of writing. Among the topics covered: overviews of the blogsphere, the benefits of blogging, focusing on your blog concept, how to set up and maintain a blog, tips for effective blog writing and drawing visitors to your site. You will get hands-on practice creating your blog plus time for questions. Whether you wish to blog for fun or business, you will gain a realistic understanding of how to become part of the blogsphere. Course offered. HOW TO BLOG In this four-week course, a blogging expert will guide you through the process of conceiving, setting up, writing, and promoting a blog. Each student will consult with the instructor on a blog concept, then set up a ―live‖ blog and introduce it to the rest of the class for feedback. Students will also have ample opportunities to ask the instructor questions. ONLINE CLASSES Tuition: $125. Registration Fee: $25 Each class is strictly limited to 25 students, aged 18 and up. Starts New Lecture Location Time Enroll Jan 12 Feb 9 Mar16 Wednesdays Wednesdays Wednesdays Online Online Online 24hrs. a day 24hrs. a day 24 hrs. a day CLASS FULL CLASS FULL Enroll

69. The passage is mainly about_______.

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A. an online programme about blog history B. an online writing arrangement C. an online course for writing good blogs D. an online competition in writing blogs 70. After joining in the course, you will______. A. learn skills of writing effective blogs B. have to recite the blog concepts C. be required to write blogs as a career D. choose blogs for fun or business 71. What do we know about the course? A. There are no more than 25 students in each course. B. The course is intended for teenagers under 18. C. It will cost you $150 to learn the course. D. New lectures are given each day every week.

C
As we have seen, the focus of medical care in our society has been shifting from curing disease to preventing disease—especially in terms of changing our many unhealthy behavior, such as poor eating habits, smoking, and failure to exercise. The line of thought involved in this shift can be pursued further. Imagine a person who is about the right weight, but does not eat very nutritious foods, who feels OK but exercises only occasionally, who goes to work every day, but is not an outstanding worker, who drinks a few beers at home most nights but does not drive while drunk, and who has no chest pains or abnormal blood counts(血细胞计数), but sleeps a lot and often feels tired. This person is not ill. He may not even be at risk for any particular disease. But we can imagine that this person could be a lot healthier. The field of medicine has not traditionally distinguished between someone who is merely ―not ill‖ and someone who is in excellent health and pays attention to the body‘s special needs. Both types have simply been called ―well.‖ In recent years, however, some health specialists have begun to apply the terms ―well‖ and ―wellness‖ only to those who are actively striving to maintain and improve their health. People who are well are concerned with nutrition and exercise, and they make a point of monitoring their body‘s condition. Most important, perhaps, people who are well take active responsibility for all matters related to their health. Even people who have a physical disease or handicap (缺陷) may be ―well,‖ in this new sense, if they make an effort to maintain the best possible health they can in the face of their physical limitations. ―Wellness‖ may perhaps best be viewed not as a state that people can achieve, but as an ideal that people can strive for. People who are well are likely to be better able to resist disease and to fight disease when it strikes. And by focusing attention on healthy ways of living, the concept of wellness can have a beneficial impact on the ways in which people face the challenges of daily life. 72. Today medical care is placing more stress on ______. A. keeping people in a healthy physical condition B. monitoring patients‘ body functions C. removing people‘s bad living habits D. ensuring people‘s psychological well-being 73. In the first paragraph, people are reminded that ______. A. good health is more than not being ill B. drinking, even if not to excess, could be harmful C. regular health checks are essential to keeping fit D. prevention is more difficult than cure 74. Traditionally, a person is considered ―well‖ if he ______. A. does not have any unhealthy living habits B. does not have any physical handicaps C. is able to handle his daily routines D. is free from any kind of disease 75. According to the author, the true meaning of ―wellness‖ is for people ______. A. to best satisfy their body‘s special needs

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B. to strive to maintain the best possible health C. to meet the strictest standards of bodily health D. to keep a proper balance between work and leisure 65----68 BDBC (黄浦) (A) Most people who live in Seattle, Washington, love their city. There is a never-ending flow of fun things to do. But, people who live there do not always enjoy the day-after-day absence of sunshine during the winter months. It is a documented fact that sunshine (or lack of it) plays a major role in how each of us meets the day. It also affects how we perform at school or work. When people are deprived of sunlight, they can develop seasonal affective disorder, which makes it difficult for them to feel happy or get things accomplished. No major city in the United States is more affected by the ―sunshine factor‖ than Seattle. To fight drizzle and fog during the winter months, Steve Murphy created a business that is very popular among the locals. The Indoor Sun Shoppe is more than a little ray of sunshine during the gray days of Seattle‘s winter. His shop offers a huge source of plants and artificial lighting for people who are trying to overcome seasonal affective disorder. Located in Fremont, Washington, The Indoor Sun Shoppe has an amazing collection of exotic (奇异的) plants and ―good bugs‖ in a humid and well-lit environment. At The Indoor Sun Shoppe, you can spend up to $400 for artificial lighting that will chase away the winter blues. It will also keep your plants healthy. You can buy a dawn simulator(模拟器) that will gradually fill your room with a warming wake-up glow. What better way to meet a Seattle morning when real sunshine is nothing more than a happy thought! Murphy‘s in-home waterfalls are also popular with customers. But his plants and lights remain the ―main course.‖ On a cloudy winter day, The Indoor Sun Shoppe is a bright spot in Seattle! 65. Which of the following statements is NOT TRUE according to the passage? A. Seattle is located in the state of Washington. B. Citizens love Seattle for their colorful city lives. C. Sunshine in Seattle is rare during the winter months. D. People who live in Seattle are used to the sunshine absence. 66. Which of the following best defines the term seasonal affective disorder in Para.2? A. mild temperature and a general feeling of illness caused by gray winter B. exhaustion, depression and lack of energy caused by a lack of sunlight C. winter-related illness caused by the low temperature and little sunlight D. post-holiday depression that comes when relatives leave after Christmas 67. The Indoor Sun Shoppe ________. A. attracts people from different parts of the whole country B. aims to create a humid and well-lit environment during winter months C. brings only a little ray of sunshine during the gray days of Seattle‘s winter D. offers variety of goods helping people overcome seasonal affective disorder 68. Which of the following best explains the use of a dawn simulator? A. An alarm clock stimulated by the light rays of early morning. B. A bringer of indoor artificial sunshine when there is none outside. C. An automatic waterfall system helping make indoor plants healthy. D. A better way to meet a Seattle morning with real warming sunshine. 69---71 CAC 72----75 CADB

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(B)

Hotel Information
The following activities are offered for guests of the Hong Kong Disneyland Hotel. If you have questions about these programs, please call Guest Services by dialing ―0‖.

Highlights Around the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort…
Victorian Spa Exclusive Offer 30% off Elemis Modern Skin Facial (Original Price:$1,280)
Designed to do with skin care concerns Rebalances sebum level/Reduces redness/
For bookings, please call 3510 6388

Hotel Activities
Prince Eric Activities Room Opening Hours:9:00am-10:00pm
(Close 15 minutes for cleaning every 2 hours) Maximum Capacity:22
Disney-themed kids activities are available to offer our little guests unlimited fun and magical experience.

Activity time:10:30 am-9:30pm Mickey’s Painting Kids Kids Dress up our Disney characters with your imagination and give them a colourful life! Sun Visor Kids Kids Blocking the sun is wise to enjoy your holiday! Come and make your own sun visor(帽舌)!
Teens IQ Fun Zone Kids Turn on your mind engine and show your teamwork to complete the missions! Big Teens Big Little Big Little

Mickey Maze
With views of the South China Sea, our hedge maze in the shape of Mickey Mouse is a great place to while away an afternoon. You‘ll find the Mickey Maze directly outside of the Grand Salon.

Jogging Trails
Measured jogging trails of varying distances have been identified throughout the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort. You can pick up a jogging map at the Victorian Spa or at the Front Desk.

Inspiration Lake Recreation Centre
Inspiration lake is 34 hectares and is also one of the largest public parks in Hong Kong. It‘s a great place to rest and relax! You can choose from indoor fitness stations and relax under the shade of gazebos, enjoy bike rentals and pedal boat rentals outside.
In-house hotel guests could enjoy 50% discount for renting one hour pedal boat at ILRC.

Activity time:9:45 pm-10:00pm Bedtime Story

Little Kids

Join our Recreation Hosts who recount tales from the magical world of Disney!
Age3-7 Big Kid s Age8-12 Teens Age13-17

Little Kids

All activities and additional information are subject to change without notice. 69. Guests of Hong Kong Disney Hotel can __________. A.enjoy Elemis Modern Skin Facial at the price of $ 384 B. call Guest Services by dialing ―0‖ to book Victoria Spa‘s exclusive offer C. spend a whole day viewing the South China Sea in Mickey Maze D. choose from different jogging routes according to a reliable jogging map 70. Inspiration Lake Recreation Centre ___________. A. attracts guests as one of the largest public parks in Disneyland B. is a right place for in-house guests to reduce redness C. provides guests with both indoor and outdoor activities

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D. offers all guests 50% off for renting one hour pedal boat 71. According to the information about Prince Eric Activities Room, we can learn that________. A. there is about an hour and 15 minutes for cleaning everyday B. at least 22 quests can take part in different activities there at a time C. both kids and teens can feel free to create their own sun visors there D. IQ Fun Zone helps children below 7 to cultivate their team spirit (C) Throughout the centuries, various writers have contributed greatly to the literary treasure trove of books lining the shelves of today‘s libraries. In addition to writing interesting material, many famous writers, such as Edgar Allan Poe, were larger-than-life characters with personal histories that are as interesting to read as the stories they wrote. Poe‘s rocky life included being driven off from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1831 and an ongoing battle with alcohol. Yet, despite heavy gambling debts, poor health, and terrible unemployment, Poe managed to produce a body of popular works, including ―The Raven‖ and ―The Murders in the Rue Morgue.‖ Herman Melville, author of Moby Dick, once lived among the man-eaters in the Marquesas Islands and wrote unusual tales inspired by his years of service in the U.S. Navy. Dublin-born Oscar Wilde was noted for his charismatic personality, his outrageous lifestyle, and creating witty catchphrases such as, ―Nothing succeeds like excess.‖ D.H. Lawrence wrote shameful novels that were often cut, and Anne Rice led a double life writing bestselling horrible novels under her real name and using ―A.N. Roquelaure‖ for the lowbrow unhealthy novels she penned on the side. Nonconformist(不墨守成规的)author and naturalist Henry David Thoreau once fled to the woods and generated enough interesting material to fill his noted book Walden. Thoreau wrote on the issue of passive resistance protest in his essay ―Civil Disobedience‖ and served time in jail for refusing tax payments in protest of the United States government‘s policy towards slavery. American short story writer O. Henry‘s colorful life was ruined by tragic events, such as being accused and sentenced for stealing money from an Austin, Texas bank. Despite his success selling his short stories, O. Henry struggled financially and was nearly bankrupt when he died. As diverse as these famous authors‘ backgrounds were, they all led unconventional lives while writing great literary works that will endure throughout the ages. The next time you read an interesting book, consider learning more about the author by reading his or her biography so you can learn about the unique life experiences that shaped his or her writing. 72. Which of the following is NOT TRUE about Edgar Allan Poe? A. He had his own interesting personal history as other famous writers. B. He graduated from United States Military Academy at West Point in 1831. C. He once had heavy gambling debts and fell down with illness. D. He managed to produce popular works no matter how rocky his life was. 73. What can you infer from Para.2? A. D.H. Lawrence and Anne Rice once wrote similar type of novels. B. Anne Rice used a pen name because her novels were quite popular. C. Anne Rice used different names when she wrote bestselling novels. D. Henry David Thoreau enriched his books by living in the forests. 74. Which statement is TRUE according to the passage? A. Henry David Thoreau was passionately opposed to horrible events. B. Anne Rice always used a pen name to conceal her true identity. C. Herman Melville stayed with man-eaters during his naval service. D. O Henry‘s life was colorful though he had lots of difficulties.

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75. The passage mainly tells us that ______. A. many famous writers lived nontraditional lives B. most famous writers were usually troublemakers C. writers had to lead interesting lives to generate materials D. the biographies of famous writers are always inspirational 65—68 DBDB (虹口) (A) A new study of 8,000 young people in the Journal of Health and Social shows that although love can make adults live healthily and happily, it is a for young people. Puppy love (早恋) may bring stress for young people and depression (忧郁症). The study shows that girls become more depressed Behavior bad thing can lead to than boys, 69—71 DCC 72—75 BACA

and younger girls are the worst of all. The possible reason for the connection between love and higher risk of depression for girls is ―loss of self‖. According to the study, even though boys would say ―lose themselves in a romantic relationship‖, this ―loss of self‖ is much more likely to lead to depression when it happens to girls. Young girls who have romantic relationships usually like hiding their feelings and opinions. They won‘t tell that to their parents. Dr Marian Kaufman, an expert on young people problems, says 15% to 20% young people will have depression during their growing. Trying romance often causes the depression. She advises kids not to jump into romance too early. During growing up, it is important for young people to build strong friendships and a strong sense of self. She also suggests the parents should encourage their kids to keep close to their friends, attend more interesting school activities and spend enough time with family. Parents should watch for signs of depression -- eating or mood changes -- and if they see signs from their daughters or sons, they need to give help. The good news is that the connection between romance and depression seems to become weak with age. Love will always make us feel young, but only maturity (成熟) gives us a chance to avoid its bad side effects. 65. What‘s the main idea of the passage? A. Puppy love may bring young people depression. B. Parents should forbid their children‘s love. C. Romance is a two edged sword for adults. D. Romance is good for young people. 66. Which of the following is more likely to have depression? A. Young people who have a strong sense of selfishness. B. Young boys whose parents watch for their behavior. C. Young girls who always hide their feelings and opinions. D. Careless parents whose children are deep in love. 67. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Lacking love can lead young people to grow up more quickly. B. Early love makes young people keep close to their friends and parents. C. Parents should help their children to be aware of the signs of depression.

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D. The older a woman is,the less likely she seems to lose herself in romance. 68. What‘s the author‘s attitude towards puppy love? A. Confused. B. Disapproving. C. Disinterested. D. Scared.

(B) It helps to choose the colors you plan to live with in your home with awareness of how different colors affect your emotional and physical states. Every color has a unique meaning, and this can significantly affect how you feel in a room. Simple Solution: Using this simple chart, you can choose a room‘s color to be in balance and harmony with the role you want a room to have in your and your family‘s life. Red: A room that is painted red will energize, inspire activity and movement, help passion, and be powerful and stimulating. A red room can also be exhausting and overpowering, and stressful for those who are anxious. Yellow: Yellow rooms inspire intellectual clarity, organization, clear-headed thinking, and happy energy. Yellow is considered a color for the logical left side of the brain. Yellow is also very bright and somewhat energizing. Green: Green rooms are very restful but combine with an energizing quality. Green is the color of outdoors, calm and active at the same time. Green brings balance and harmony to a room, and can be used as a calming place for people who are troubled or in need of refreshment. Orange: Orange rooms encourage happy, joyful, social gatherings. While an orange dining room or family room can stimulate the appetite, it is a great choice for such gathering places. Orange enhances parties, communication, positive feelings, and general good cheer. Blue: Blue rooms are often chosen for bedrooms and meditation ( 冥 想 ) rooms because its cool energy is very calming, restful, peaceful, and spiritual. Blue helps inspire a quiet meditative quality, and color therapy with blue has been found to reduce blood pressure. Blue is also useful to make one to sleep.

69. What impression can green rooms give to you? A. Passionate and powerful. B. Refreshing and harmonious. C. Cool and calming. D. Inspiring and bright. 70. If you are going to hold a family gathering, which color of the room can best enhance your atmosphere? A. Red. B. Orange. C. Blue. D. Green. 71. Which of the following statements about color is NOT true? A. Yellow rooms inspire logical and clear thinking. B. Blue creates a quiet meditative quality. C. Different colors affect you emotionally and physically. D. Red rooms are acceptable when you are in a bad mood. (C) Prolonging human life has increased the size of the human population. Many people alive today would have died of childhood diseases if they had been born 100 years ago. Because more people live longer, there are more people around at any given time. In fact, it is a decrease in death rates, not an increase in birthrates, that has led to the population explosion. Prolonging human life has also increased the dependency load. In all societies, people who are disabled or too young or too old to work are dependent on the rest of society to provide for them. In hunting and gathering

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cultures, old people who could not keep up might be left behind to die. In times of famine (饥荒), infants might be allowed to die because they could not survive if their parents starved, where as if the parents survived they could have another child. In most contemporary societies, people feel a moral obligation (责任) to keep people alive whether they can work or not. We have a great many people today who live past the age at which they want to work or are able to work; we also have rules which require people to retire at a certain age. Unless these people were able to save money for their retirement, somebody else must support them. In the United States many retired people live on social security checks which are so little that they must live in near poverty. Older people have more illnesses than young or middle-aged people; unless they have wealth or private or government insurance, they must often ―go on welfare‖ if they have a serious illness. When older people become senile (衰老的) or too weak and ill to care for themselves, they create grave problems for their families. In the past and in some traditional cultures, they would be cared for at home until they died. Today, with most members of a household working or in school, there is often no one at home who can care for a sick or weak person. To meet this need, a great many nursing homes and convalescent (疗养的) hospitals have been built. These are often profit making organizations, although some are sponsored by religious and other nonprofit groups. While a few of these institutions are good, most of them are simply ―dumping (倒垃圾的) grounds‖ for the dying in which ―care‖ is given by poorly paid, overworked, and under skilled personnel (员工). 72. The author believes that the increased size of the human population results from _______. A. an increase in birthrates B. the industrial development C. a decrease in death rates D. childhood diseases 73. It can be inferred from the passage that in hunting and gathering cultures _______. A. it was a moral responsibility for the families to keep alive the aged people who could not work B. the survival of infants was less important than that of their parents in times of starvation C. old people were given the task of imparting (传授) the cultural wisdom of the tribe to new generations D. death was celebrated as a time of rejoicing for an individual freed of (免除) the hardships of life 74. The phrase ―this need‖ in the last paragraph refers to ________. A. prolonging the dying old people‘s lives B. reducing the problems caused by the retired people C. making profits through caring for the sick or weak people D. taking care of the sick or weak people 75. According to the passage, which of the following statements about the old people in the United States is true? A. Many of them live on social security money which is hardly enough. B. Minority of them remain in a state of near poverty after their retirement. C. Many nursing homes are sponsored by religious and nonprofit groups. D. Older people have wealth or private insurance if they have a serious illness. 65-68: ACDB 69-71: BBD 72-75: CBDA (奉贤) (A) She turned up at the doorstep of my house in Cornwall. No way could I have sent her away. No way, not me anyway. Maybe someone had kicked her out of their car the night before. "We're moving house." ―No space for her any more with the baby coming." "We never really wanted her, but what could we have done? She was a present." People find all sorts of excuses for abandoning an animal. And she was one of the most beautiful dogs I

38

had ever seen. I called her Goldie. If I had known what was going to happen I would have given her a more creative name. She was so unsettled during those first few days. She hardly ate anything and had such an air of sadness about her. There was nothing I could do to make her happy, it seemed. Heaven knows what had happened to her at her previous owner's. But eventually at the end of the first week she calmed down. Always by my side, whether we were out on one of our long walks or sitting by the fire. That‘s why it was such a shock when she pulled away from me one day when we were out for a walk. We were a long way from home, when she started barking and getting very restless. Eventually I couldn't hold her any longer and she raced off down the road towards a farmhouse in the distance as fast as she could. By the time I reached the farm I was very tired and upset with Goldie. But when I saw her licking the four puppies I started to feel sympathy towards them. "We didn't know what had happened to her," said the woman at the door. "I took her for a walk one day, soon after the puppies were born, and she just disappeared." "She must have tried to come back to them and got lost," added a boy from behind her. I must admit I do miss Goldie, but I've got nugget now, and she looks just like her mother. And I've learnt a good lesson: not to judge people. 65. How did the author feel about Goldie when Goldie came to the house? A. Shocked. B. Sympathetic. C. Annoyed. D. Upset. 66. In her first few days at the author's house, Goldie________. A. felt worried B. was angry C. ate a little D. sat by the fire 67. Goldie rushed off to a farmhouse one day because she ________. A. saw her puppies B. heard familiar barkings C. wanted to leave the author D. found her way to her old house 68. The passage is organized in order of ________. A. time B. effectiveness C. importance D. complexity (B)

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69. Probably most injuries happen to skaters‘ wrists because ________. A. few skaters wear wrist guards B. the wrist is the most fragile (脆弱的) body part C. skaters often push out their hands when falling D. skaters don‘t know how to protect their wrists 70. ________ are the majority in the study. A. Those who wore helmets B. Those who wore wrist guards C. Those who wore knee pads D. Those who wore no protective gear 71. What was the main point of the study? A. To encourage people to learn skating. B. To advise skaters to wear safety pads. C. To advertise for skating protective gear. D. To introduce ways of protecting skaters.

(C) Almost a decade after the hit Finding Nemo made clownfish seem totally warm and lovable, environmentalists are now looking for a real-life sequel: Saving Nemo. In the United States, a request has been made to extend the protections of the Endangered Species Act to marine species including the clownfish. But before you start shedding tears for Nemo and his buddies, keep in mind that this request is not based on any evidence of a decline in the clownfish population. Instead, what has sparked concern is the worsening health of coral reefs, which more than one million aquatic species including the clownfish depend on to thrive, even survive. In ways it makes more sense to move to protect a species when its habitat declines rather than its actual population. The most important mission of the Endangered Species Act is the protection of species‘ habitats; without their habitats, there‘s almost no hope of saving endangered animals, except perhaps in a zoo. Earlier this year, alarming news came about the world‘s largest coral reef system, Australia‘s Great Barrier Reef (GBR, 大堡礁). A study has shown the Reef is in sharp decline, with half of its coral cover gone in the past 27 years. Katharina Fabricius, an Australian coral reef ecologist co-authoring the study, has been diving and working on the GBR since 1988—and has watched the decline. ―There are still a lot of

41

fish ... but not the same color and diversity as in the past,‖ she said. The study team used information from more than 2,000 surveys to determine the rate of decline between 1985 and 2012. That overall 50-percent decline, they estimate, is a yearly loss of about 3.4 percent of the Reef. If the trend continued, the coral cover could halve again by 2022. Several main factors are responsible for the decline, the study found. Intense tropical cyclones (热带气旋), believed to be fueled by global warming, have caused massive damage to reefs in the central and southern parts of the Reef. Meanwhile, population explosions of the coral-consuming crown-of-thorns starfish (长棘海星) have affected coral populations along the length of the Reef. Two severe coral bleaching (变白) events, caused by ocean warming, have also had major damaging impacts in northern and central parts of the GBR. 72. A request has been made in the United States to save the clownfish because A. it is a totally warm and lovable species C. its population has dropped sharply ________.

B. the health of its habitat is worsening D. few clownfish can be found in zoos

72. What does the underlined word ―thrive‖ in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. To feed oneself. C. To grow and develop well. B. To keep oneself safe. D. To attract attention.

74. According to the article, what is the AUTHOR'S attitude toward the request in the U.S.? A. He/she supports it. B. He/she finds it ridiculous. C. He/she thinks it is reasonable but needs revising. D. There's no WAY to tell. 75. According to the article, all of the following factors contribute to the decline of Great Barrier Reef's coral cover except ________. A. the growing popularity of scuba (水肺)diving around the Reef B. stronger tropical cyclones fueled by global warming C. the rapidly growing population of type of coral-eating starfish D. coral bleaching caused by rising temperature of the ocean water A 篇 65?68 BADA B 篇 69?71 CDB C 篇 72~75 BCAA

(宝山) (A) Lighter and cheaper than high-quality video cameras, today‘s best smartphones can shoot and

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edit high-definition (HD) videos. With lower-quality lenses( 透 镜 ) and image sensors, smartphones probably won‘t replace professional video cameras anytime soon. Still, some creative filmmakers are extending the borders of smartphone moviemaking by shooting

professional-quality films using only smartphones. Soon after Apple‘s iPhone 4 was released, two filmmakers decided to make a short film using only their iPhone 4s. Michael Koerbel and Anna Elizabeth James shot and edited the one-and-a-half-minute film Apple of My Eye in only 48 hours. Audiences were fascinated with the film, in which a man and his grandfather connect emotionally while admiring a model train set in a store window. The filmmakers followed up their success with Goldilocks, an extraordinary spy novel told over nine, three-minute films. Many filmmakers are convinced that smartphone films are here to stay. One sign is their inclusion in major film festivals. In February 2012, organizers of the Berkshire International Film Festival staged the 10 X 10 On North Festival. Entries included Oliver by Hooman Khalili, an award-winning film about a girl whose special powers enable her to brighten the lives of three lonely people. Another entry was Yearlapse‘11, a 365-second film by Zsolt Haraszti that describes an actual journey he made from New York to London. During the festival, which ran from February 16 to 26, these and many other smartphone films were shown at the Beacon Cinema in Pittsfield, Massachusetts. Similar festivals in Canada and South Korea have given smartphone filmmakers opportunities to show off their creative work. 65. What does the article imply about smartphone filmmakers? A. Their efforts have gotten little attention. B. Their biggest challenge is finding actors. C. They‘ve influenced famous movie studios D. They must overcome equipment limitations. 66. What does the article point out about Haraszti‘s film? A. It uses slow-motion effects. B. It took just minutes to make. C. Its cast was quite large. D. It‘s based on true events. 67. Which film is about secret agents? A. Apple of My Eye. B. Goldilocks.
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C. Olive. D. Yearlapse ‘11. 68. According to this article, what is true about the festivals in Canada and South Korea? A. They‘re held at the same time of year. B. They‘re part of an emerging trend. C. They both receive government support. D. They‘re still in the planning stages. (B) We Are Now Open Daily thru Columbus Day The museum and store are open from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. throughout the season. Trolley rides start with the first departure at 10:05 a.m. and continue until the end of the day with the last ride being at 4:15 p.m.. We are open Rain or Shine! April 30 to May 21 May 28 to October 10 October 15 to October 30 Open Saturdays and Sundays Only Open Every Day Open Saturdays and Sundays Only

Ice Cream & Sunset Trolley Ride Special ( $3.50 per person ) At 7:30 p.m., every Wednesday and Thursday evening in July and August, join us for a special sunset trolley ride with ice-cream included. Bring the whole family! Regular Fares Senior Citizens: Adults: Children (Ages 6—16): Children 5 and under: Discounts are available for tour groups. Admission includes unlimited trolley rides, access to the Museum Grounds and Exhibits, and use of our picnic areas to enjoy your own picnic lunch. 69. From now on to Columbus Day, the museum is open _____. A. only on Sundays and Saturdays B. on sunny days C. every day D. all of the above 70. If a family of 4 persons — one senior, a couple and a 12-year-old boy — are taking a sunset
44

$5.50 $7.50 $5.00 Free

trolley ride, how much is the total admission fee? A. $18. B. $25.5. C. $33. D. $39.5.

71. Which one of the following is NOT included in the admission? A. Unlimited sunset trolley ride. B. Access to the Museum Grounds. C. A visit to the Museum Exhibits. D. A use of the museum picnic areas. (C) Discoveries in science and technology are thought by ―untaught minds‖ to come in blinding flashes or as the result of dramatic accidents. Sir Alexander Fleming did not, as legend would have it, look at the mold ( 霉 ) on a piece of cheese and get the idea for penicillin there and then. He experimented with antibacterial substances for nine years before he made his discovery. Inventions and innovations almost always come out of tough trial and error. Innovation is like soccer; even the best players miss the goal and have their shots blocked much more frequently than they score. The point is that the players who score most are the ones who take most shots at the goal—and so it goes with innovation in any field of activity. The prime difference between innovation and others is one of approach. Everybody gets ideas, but innovators work consciously on theirs, and they follow them through until they prove practicable or otherwise. What ordinary people see as fanciful abstractions, professional innovators see as solid possibilities. ―Creative thinking may mean simply the realization that there‘s no particular goodness in doing things the way they have always been done.‖ Wrote Rudolph Flesch, a language authority. This accounts for our reaction to seemingly simple innovations like plastic garbage bags and suitcases on wheels that make life more convenient: ―How come nobody thought of that before?‖ The creative approach begins with the proposal that nothing be as it appears. Innovators will not accept that there is only one way to do anything. Faced with getting from A to B, the average person will automatically set out on the best-known and apparently simplest route. The innovator will search for alternate courses, which may prove easier in the long run and are sure to be more interesting and challenging even if they lead to dead ends. Highly creative individuals really do march to a different drummer. 72. What does the author probably mean by ―untaught mind‖ in the first paragraph? A. An individual who often comes up with new ideas by accident.

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B. A person who has had no education. C. A citizen of a society that restricts personal creativity. D. A person ignorant of the hard work involved in experimentation. 73. According to the author, what differs innovators from non-innovators? A. The way they present their findings. B. The way they deal with problems. C. The intelligence they possess. D. The variety of ideas they have. 74.The phrase ―march to a different drummer‖ (the last line of the passage) suggests that highly creative individuals are _____. A. unwilling to follow common ways of doing things B. diligent in pursuing their goals C. concerned about the advance of society D. devoted to the progress of science 75.The most suitable title for this passage might be _____. A. The Relation Between Creation and Diligence B. To Be a Creative Expert in the Study of Human Creativity C. What Are So Special about Creative Individuals D. Discoveries and Innovation

65—68 DDBB 69—71 CBA

72—75 DBAC

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