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【复习方略】2014版高考英语(人教版通用)课时作业(三十六) 选修8 Unit 5 Meeting your ancestors]


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课时提升作业(三十六)
选修 8 Unit 5 Ⅰ. 单项填空 1. Scientists say that there will be an has been used up one day. A. appro

priate C. approximate 2. (2013· 南阳模拟)We B. alternative D. another hard together to achieve our common goal resource if water in the world

these years—to build a cleaner, safer and healthier world. A. have been working C. work B. are working D. have worked

3. (2013· 阜阳模拟)—What’s your feeling now? —I am terribly sorry. If only I A. came C. have come here yesterday! B. would have come D. had come we must get there on time.

4. There is not much time left, but A. somehow C. however 5. (原创)

B. somewhat D. anyway the technique of cloning humans would be safe and

effective, would you be in favour of cloning humans in the future? A. Assumed C. To assume B. Assuming D. To be assumed

6. (2013· 沈阳模拟)If he is determined to do a good thing, Guo Mingyi, known for his generosity in assisting poor people, will do so others say. A. in spite of C. in consequence of B. in terms of D. regardless of letters all the morning and what

7. (2013· 邯郸模拟)Don’t disturb me. I have written ten so far. A. write C. have written

B. was writing D. have been writing from the ninth century,

8. (2013· 桂林模拟)This is an early church,

which was rebuilt under the direction of San. Carlo Borromeo. A. dated C. dating B. being dated D. dates

9. The driver of the bus, considered to be fully responsible for the accident, was ______ on Monday, Xinhua News Agency reported. A. arrested C. persuaded B. fought D. argued

10. (2013· 廊坊模拟)Having studied abroad for three years, the girl didn’t change much, a bit fatter.

A. only to get C. to have got

B. only getting D. having been got

11. —It has been raining for three days. —Yes, I’m really A. fed up to C. fed to this weather—why can’t it be sunny for a change? B. fed on D. fed up with

12. (2013· 武汉模拟)The pioneers who settled in the west in the 1860s had to handle ______ living conditions, and severe weather. A. primitive C. unique B. sensitive D. fundamental

13. (2013· 六安模拟)After the break, the lecturer went on to talk about the new academic concept. A. at length C. in turn 14. You should A. look ahead C. look back B. in all D. at most and keep up a positive attitude to life. B. look up D. look out the

15. They might have hung animal skins at the cave mouth to cold during the freezing winter. A. keep up C. keep out Ⅱ. 完形填空 B. keep off D. keep back

Anna was very picky about food. She never ate the wonderful pizzas or ice creams her mother made, which were her parents’ ate other things. Anna was were her dislikes. 1 . She just

2 , but her parents were both fat. Their likes

3 , everyone wondered who she had taken after. . .

Anna’s parents thought she was ill. One day, they went to see a 4 . He took them to a machine. Then

he put a plate of fish in front of the machine, and 5 on the machine. It started playing sounds: waves’ 6 7 sound and the songs of the fish with fruit and

seabirds. . . after some time the doctor vegetables. The sounds of the sea

8 , and there came the sounds of 9 the beautiful sounds of

gentle wind, birdsongs, and rain. All of them nature, but the doctor

10 the plate again, and this time it was a dish of 11

meat. The machine started making lively sounds: the sound of

animals. Still quite pleasant. Then the doctor brought a strong-smelling pizza. The machine seemed to 12 down. Instead of beautiful sounds,

out 13 noisy sounds. The noise was so disturbing that the family had to ask the doctor to change the 14 of food. The doctor brought them ice

creams, burgers and candy. . . but they thought the sounds were still 15 . Finally Anna’s parents 16 the doctor to bring fruit back.

“Anna isn’t ill, ” said the doctor. “She can understand each type of food’s own 17 . It comes from where the food was born, raised, and 19 . That’s why she

18 . Anna wants to eat the foods whose music is

is slim and healthy. These days, they all look slim, 20 from then on, in the house

pizzas, burgers, puddings, and ice creams were replaced by fruit, vegetables, and fish. What did your dinner sound like today? (317W) 1. A. ideal C. favorite 2. A. thick C. clean 3. A. Suddenly C. Sincerely 4. A. plate C. doctor 5. A. depended C. lived 6. A. sad C. strange 7. A. compared C. covered 8. A. stopped C. began 9. A. hated B. agreement D. challenge B. weak D. slim B. Specially D. Naturally B. machine D. girl B. passed D. turned B. relaxing D. surprising B. helped D. replaced B. travelled D. continued B. created

C. refused 10. A. dropped C. changed 11. A. farm C. forest 12. A. break C. burn 13. A. stood C. spoke 14. A. amount C. type 15. A. terrible C. serious 16. A. ordered C. allowed 17. A. character C. habit 18. A. grown C. prepared 19. A. wonderful C. original 20. A. though

D. enjoyed B. washed D. offered B. pet D. sea B. lie D. sit B. came D. picked B. color D. quality B. beautiful D. quiet B. asked D. taught B. music D. requirement B. sold D. played B. heavy D. traditional B. since

C. therefore Ⅲ. 短文改错

D. if

(2013· 邯郸模拟) 假如英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文 , 请你修改你同桌 写的以下作文, 文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。每处错 误仅涉及一个单词的增加, 删除或修改。 增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错的词下画一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处, 多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Grandpa, How are you those days? I have been missing you very much after I went to college a year ago. Whenever I think of the old days, I feel very happily. I still remember when I was child, you always held me in your arms and told me stories till I fall asleep. We often went to the fields to enjoy the pleasant views there. You told me the name of different plants and their characteristics. Gradually, I became interesting in biology and chose to learn biology when I entered into the college. Now my friend Ann, together with me, are going to do field study and the findings will be use as materials for our research. hometown, I hope to see you by then. Since we’ll do the study in our

Ⅳ. 书面表达 (2013· 临汾模拟) 据学校大部分教师反映, 近些年来, 随着网络的普及, 越来越多的 学生的书写能力明显退步了。为了改变这种局面 , 保护传统民族文化 ——汉字, 校学生会提出以下倡议: 1. 减少课外上网时间, 多读书; 2. 养成每天记日记的好习惯, 练习书写; 3. 少发电子邮件, 尽量动手给亲朋好友写信。 请你根据以上内容, 代表学生会写一封英文倡议书。 注意: 1. 开头和结尾已经给出, 不计入总词数; 2. 词数: 100 个左右。

Friends, In recent years, many of us spend a lot of time on the Internet with its popularity. ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ ________________________________ Let’s take action now! Students’ Union

【语篇随练】 根据完形填空写出下面单词或短语 1. ____________ 2. ____________ 3. ____________ 4. ____________ 5. ____________ v. adj. 吹毛求疵的, 挑剔的, 难伺候的 长得像, 性格类似于, 效仿 坏掉, 出故障 气味浓的; 臭的 养育; 培养

答案解析
Ⅰ. 1. 【解析】选 B。句意: 科学家们说如果有一天地球上的水用完了, 会有一种替代能源。alternative 可选择的, 替代的; appropriate 合适的; approximate 大约; another 另一个的, 不和 an 连用。 2. 【解析】选 A。句意: 这些年我们一直在一起努力工作, 以实现我们 共同的目标——创造一个更加洁净、 安全和健康的世界。 根据句意可知 用现在完成进行时, 表示到现在仍在继续的动作。 3. 【解析】选 D。根据时间状语 yesterday 可知是发生在过去的事情, if only 对过去的事情假设时, 用过去完成时来表示。答语句意: 我非常抱 歉。要是我昨天来这里就好了! 【变式备选】 —Did you come to the get-together last night? —I’d like to have I hadn’t had the unexpected visitor.

A. if only C. but for

B. if not D. for fear

【解析】选 A。if only 要是……就好了。答语句意: 要是没有那位不速 之客, 我打算去的。 因为用虚拟语气表示对过去的假设, 所以用 if only。 but for 也用虚拟语气, 但是不跟从句。if not 如果不; for fear 恐怕。 4. 【解析】选 D。句意: 剩下的时间不多了, 但是不管怎样, 我们必须 按时到达那里。anyway 不管怎样; somehow 不知怎么地; somewhat 有 点; however 然而。 【知识拓展】somehow, anyhow 和 somewhat 辨析 1. somehow (1)以某种方式; 通过某种途径 Somehow we must get to Glasgow. 我们得设法到格拉斯哥去。 (2)由于未知的或未确指的原因 Somehow, I don’t feel I can trust him. 不知什么缘故, 我觉得不能信任他。 I always knew I’d get the job, somehow. 也不知为什么, 我总是觉得我能得到那份工作。 2. anyhow 意为 “无论如何” , 以任何方式, 相当于 “anyway” 。 It may rain, but I shall go out anyhow. 天可能会下雨, 但不管怎样我都要出去。

3. somewhat 意为 “从某种意义讲” “有几分” , 相当于 “in a way” 。 I am somewhat tired of this book. 我对这本书有点厌烦。 5. 【解析】选 B。句意: 假如克隆人的技术安全有效, 你会支持将来克 隆人类吗? assuming 引导条件状语从句, 表示假设。 6. 【解析】选 D。句意: 以慷慨帮助穷人闻名的郭明义, 如果下决心做 好事, 就会做, 不管别人说什么。regardless of 不管; in spite of 尽管; in terms of 就……而言; in consequence of 由于。 7. 【解析】选 D。句意: 不要打扰我, 我一早晨一直在写信, 到现在我 已经写了十封信了。根据句意可知, 写信这一动作一直持续到现在, 有 可能还要继续下去, 因此用现在完成进行时。 8. 【解析】选 C。考查 date from 的用法。句意: 这是一座早期的教堂, 可以追溯到 9 世纪, 是在圣卡洛· 博罗梅奥的指导下重建的。date from 无被动语态。故用现在分词形式作定语, 修饰 church。 9. 【解析】选 A。句意: 新华新闻社报道说, 要为那场车祸负全部责任 的公共汽车司机在星期一被捕了。arrest 逮捕, 符合句意; fight 打, 斗; persuade 说服; argue 争论, 均与句意不符。 10. 【解析】选 B。句意: 在国外学习了三年, 那个女孩没有太大的变 化, 只是胖了一点。 这里 only getting 作伴随状语, 不能选 only to get, 因 为这里不是表示出乎意料的结果。 【变式备选】 The little boy tried his best to amuse his mother, only that he was

annoying. A. told C. to be told B. telling D. to tell

【解析】选 C。句意: 那个小男孩尽力使母亲高兴, 结果被告知他很让 人烦。only to be told 结果被告知, 表示意外结果。 11. 【解析】选 D。be fed up with 厌烦。由于下了三天雨, 所以说话人 厌烦了这种天气。feed on 以……为食。 12. 【解析】选 A。句意: 在 19 世纪 60 年代定居在西部的先驱们不得 不应付简陋的生活条件和严峻的天气。 primitive 原始的 , 简陋的 ; sensitive 敏感的; unique 独特的; fundamental 基本的。 13. 【解析】选 A。考查介词短语。句意: 休息后, 演讲者接着详细地 讲了新的学术概念。at length 最后, 详尽地, 符合句意。in all 总共, 总 计; in turn 依次, 反过来; at most 至多。 14. 【解析】选 A。句意: 你应该向前看, 对生活保持积极的态度。look ahead 向前看, 为将来打算。look up 查找, 抬头看; look back 回顾; look out 当心。 15. 【解析】选 C。句意: 他们也许将动物的皮挂于洞口, 以使冷空气 在寒冷的冬天不能进入。keep out 使……不能进入; keep up 保持; keep off 避开; keep back 阻止。 Ⅱ. 安娜的父母喜欢的食物安娜都不喜欢 , 所以父母认为她病了 , 并 带她去看医生。医生告诉他们, 食物本身是蕴含着音乐的, 安娜没有生

病, 她只是喜欢吃蕴含美妙音乐的食物而已。 1. 【解析】选 C。根据下文的 “her parents were both fat” 可知, 安娜 的父母都很胖 , 故可推知 , 他们一定都很喜欢吃比萨和冰激凌一类的 食物, 所以此空选 favorite。 2. 【解析】选 D。根据上下文可知, 此空后的 but 一词连接的两个句子 在逻辑上是转折关系 , 且下文说安娜的父母都很胖 , 所以安娜一定是 相反的情况, 故选 slim。 3. 【解析】选 D。通常孩子都会像父母之中的一位, 但安娜与她的父 母都截然不同, 所以人们很自然地就会想, 安娜到底像谁。 4. 【解析】选 C。根据下文可知, 这个故事里的四个人物分别是安娜一 家人和一位医生, 故此处说的是那位医生。 5. 【解析】选 D。根据下文的 “It started playing sounds” 可知, 机器开 始运转, 故此处是说医生启动机器。 6. 【解析】选 B 。此处说的是海浪的声音 , 又根据下文 “Still quite pleasant. ” 可知, 这些声音都是令人愉悦的, 所以是令人放松的海浪 声。 7. 【解析】选 D。根据下文可知, 医生不断更换食物, 此处是把鱼换成 了水果和蔬菜。 8. 【解析】选 A。根据上文 “盘子里的食物是鱼时, 播放的声音是海浪 和海鸟的声音 , 而换成水果和蔬菜时 , 播放的声音是风声、鸟声和雨 声。 ” 可见声音是随着盘里的食物的变换而变换的, 所以当盘里的食物 从鱼变成了水果和蔬菜时 , 播放的声音也从海边的声音变成了大自然

里的声音, 即海边的声音停止了。 9. 【解析】选 D。根据上下文可知, 这些声音都令人愉悦, 所以安娜一 家很喜欢这些声音。 10. 【解析】选 C。根据下文 “and this time it was a dish of meat” 可知, 食物由水果和蔬菜又变成了肉, 医生再次更换了盘子。 11. 【解析】选 A。根据下文 “It comes from where the food was born, raised” 可知, 播放的声音跟食物之间有联系, 而通常吃的肉都是来自 农场养殖的动物, 如牛和羊, 因此用 farm。 12.【解析】 选 A。 根据下文的 “noisy sounds. The noise was so disturbing” 可知, 播放的是一种噪音, 这种声音仿佛让人觉得是机器坏了一样, 因 此用 break, break down 坏掉, 出故障。 13. 【解析】选 B。声音是从机器里传出来的, 因此用 came。 14.【解析】 选 C。 根据下文 “The doctor brought them ice creams, burgers and candy. . . ” 可知, 不断变换的是食物的种类。 15. 【解析】选 A。根据上文的 “The noise was so disturbing” 和 “but they thought the sounds were still. . . ” 可知, 他们认为这声音是噪音, 因此很糟糕。 16. 【解析】选 B。因为更换食物的是医生, 因此安娜一家人请医生把 水果拿回来。 17. 【解析】选 B。根据上文可知, 不同的食物在机器前发出不同的音 乐, 因此安娜能听懂每种食物自己的音乐。 18. 【解析】选 C。食物要经历出生、生长和被加工的过程, 才能最后

上餐桌, 因此这里用 prepared 表示准备。 19. 【解析】选 A。安娜喜欢的食物都是来自大自然, 这些食物所蕴含 的音乐是美妙的。 20. 【解析】选 B。由句意可知前后句之间是因果关系, 用 since。 Ⅲ. Dear Grandpa, How are you those days? I have been missing you very much after I went these since

to college a year ago. Whenever I think of the old days, I feel very happily. I still happy remember when I was∧child, you always held me in your arms and told me stories a till I fall asleep. We often went to the fields to enjoy the pleasant views there. You fell told me the name of different plants and their characteristics. Gradually, I became names interesting in biology and chose to learn biology when I entered into the

college. interested Now my friend Ann, together with me, are going to do field study and the findings is

will be use as materials for our research. Since we’ll do the study in our used hometown, I hope to see you by then. Ⅳ. 【参考范文】 Friends, In recent years, many of us spend a lot of time on the Internet with its popularity. As a result, we don’t write as well as we did in the past. In order to protect our Chinese characters and improve our handwriting, we’d like to offer some suggestions. We should spend less time online so that we can have more time to read books. We’d better form the habit of keeping diaries every day to practice handwriting. Besides, it is better to write letters to our relatives and friends by hand rather than send e-mails. As the saying goes, “The style is the man. ” Beautiful and neat handwriting is beneficial to us students. So please pay more attention to

our handwriting. Let’s take action now! Students’ Union 【语篇随练】 1. picky 2. take after 5. raise 3. break down

4. strong-smelling

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