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全国高考英语七选五专题练习及答案


专题四
一 (2014· 新课标Ⅰ) The jobs of the future have not yet been invented. __1__ By helping them develop classic skills that will serve them well no matter what the future holds. 1.Curiosity

Your children need to be deeply curious. __2__ Ask kids, “ What ingredients (配料) can we add to make these pancakes even better next time ?” and then try them out. Did those ingredients make the pancakes better? What could we try next time? 2.Creativity True creativity is the ability to take something existing and create something new from it. __3__ There are a dozen different things you can do with them. Experimenting with materials to create something new can go a long way in helping them develop their creativity. 3.Interpersonal Skills Understanding how others feel can be a challenge for kids. We know what's going on inside our own head, but what about others? Being able to read people helps kids from misreading a situation and jumping to false conclusions. __4__ “Why do you think she's crying?” “Can you tell how that man is feeling by looking at his face?” “If someone were to do that to you, how would you feel?” 4.Self Expression __5__ There are many ways to express thoughts and ideas—music, acting, drawing, building, photography. You may find that your child is attracted by one more than another. A.Encourage kids to cook with you. B.And we can't forget science education. C.We can give kids chances to think about materials in new ways. D.So how can we help our kids prepare for jobs that don't yet exist? E.Gardening is another great activity for helping kids develop this skill. F.We can do this in real life or ask questions about characters in stories. G.Being able to communicate ideas in a meaningful way is a valuable skill. 文章大意: 本文为一篇说明文。 就如何帮助孩子为还未存在的工作做好准备给出了很好 的建议。 答案: 1.D 前面提到...have not yet been invented。既然是没被发明,接下来的应该是 D 项: 我们应该如何帮助我们的孩子为还没存在的工作做好准备呢? 2.A 由空后面的 ingredients,pancakes 可知,此处与做饭有关,故 A 项(鼓励孩子跟

你一起做饭)正确。 3.C 既然本部分与创造力有关,那应该是以新的方式来思考问题,故 C 项正确。 4.F 由该空后面的一系列的问题可知 F 项(我们在现实生活中这么做,或者是就故事 中的角色问问题)正确。 5.G 由后一句 There are many ways to express thoughts and ideas 可知,此处与交流能 力有关,故 G 项正确。 二 (2014· 新课标Ⅱ) Tips for Cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience, ability, money, there are three main reasons why people don't cook more often: and time. __1__ Money is a topic I'll save for another day. So today I want to

give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1. Think ahead. The

moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I'm already hungry and there's nothing ready to eat. So think ahead of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials already? __2__ 2. it. When you do find time to cook a meal, Make your time worth make the most of it and save yourself time later on.

Are you making one loaf of bread? __3__ It takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3.__4__ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your work

time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can you have to take control of your food and your schedule.

well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability Hopefully that gives you a good start. __5__ And don't let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A.Try new things. B.Ability is easily improved. C.Make three or four instead. D.Understand your food better. E.Cooking is a burden for many people. F.Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G.A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on. 文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,介绍了如何在有限的时间里做一顿好饭。 答案:

1.B

根据上下文语境,上文提到不做饭的原因有三个,能力、金钱与时间,并分别

对金钱与时间作了讲述,故空处应简单叙述能力,故选 B 项。 2.G 本段主题句 think ahead,相关句子只有 G 项,“花一点时间提前计划可以节省

后面的很多工作”。 3.C 根据上下文语境。上文“你在制作一条面包吗”下文“多做一点花差不多同样

的时间”,可知空处应该填 C 项,“制作三、四条吧。” 4.A 空处是本段主题句。由本段内容可知介绍多尝试新的菜谱和新的想法,这样能

力会越来越高。故选 A 项。 5.F 根据上下文语境。由下文不要让忙碌打消你在饮食生活方面改变一下的乐趣。

所以空处应该是 F 项,让饮食生活成为一种乐趣而不是负担。 三 (2014· 辽宁) Eyesight plays a very important role in our daily life. Every waking moment, the eyes are working to see the world around us. Over forty percent of Americans worry about losing eyesight, but it's easy to include steps into our daily life to ensure healthy eyes. Here are five suggestions for a lifetime of healthy eyesight: · Schedule yearly exams. __1__ Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check. The good news is that millions of children now can have yearly eye exams and following treatment, including eyeglasses. · Protect against UV rays (紫外线). Longterm stay in the sun creates risk to your eyes. No matter what the season is, it's extremely important to wear sunglasses. __2__ · Give your eyes a break. Twothirds of Americans spend up to seven hours a day using computers or other digital products. __3__ Experts recommend that people practice the 20/20/20 rule: every 20 minutes, take a 20second break and look at something 20 feet away. · __4__ As part of a healthy diet, eat more fruits and vegetables each day. Vitamins (维生素) C and E help protect eyesight and promote eye health. · Practice safe wear and care of contact lenses (隐形眼镜). Many Americans use contact lenses to improve their eyesight. While some follow the medical guidance for wearing contact lenses, many are breaking the rules and putting their eyesight at risk. __5__ Otherwise, you may have problems such as red eyes, pain in the eyes, or a more serious condition. A.Eat your greens. B.Eye care should begin early in life. C.They can properly protect your eyes. D.Stay in good shape by taking more vitamins. E.Parents usually don't care about their own eyesight. F.Always follow the doctor's advice for appropriate wear.

G.This frequent eye activity increases the risk for eye tiredness. 文章大意:本文介绍了保持好的视力的五个建议。 答案: 1. B 从下一句话 Experts advise parents to bring babies 6 to 12 months of age to the doctor for a careful check 可知答案。 2.C 上一句话意为:无论是什么季节,戴太阳镜是非常重要的。可知,空格处应该

意为:太阳镜会保护你的视力。 3.G 根据文中的 Give your eyes a break 可知,本段说的是用眼要注意休息,故本题选 G 项。 4.A 本段说的是饮食对于保护眼睛的重要性,故此处填 A 项。 5.F 本段说的是戴隐形眼镜存在的问题。所以空格处的下一句应该为:否则你会眼

疼或者更严重的情况,可知此处意为:戴隐形眼镜要听医嘱。 四 (2014· 北京) Evaluating Sources (来源) of Health Information Making good choices about your own health requires reasonable evaluation. A key first step in bettering your evaluation ability is to look carefully at your sources of health information. Reasonable evaluation includes knowing where and how to find relevant information, how to separate fact from opinion, how to recognize poor reasoning, and how to analyze information and the reliability of sources. __1__ Go to the original source. Media reports often simplify the results of medical research. Find out for yourself what a study really reported, and determine whether it was based on good science. Think about the type of study. __2__ Watch for misleading language. Some studies will find that a behaviour “contributes to” or is “associated with” an outcome; this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result. __3__ Carefully read or listen to information in order to fully understand it. Use your common sense. If a report seems too good to be true, probably it is. Be especially careful of information contained in advertisements.__4__ Evaluate “scientific” statements carefully, and be aware of quackery(江湖骗术). __5__ Friends and family members can be a great source of ideas and inspiration, but each of us needs to find a healthy lifestyle that works for us. Developing the ability to evaluate reasonably and independently about health problems will serve you well throughout your life. A.Make choices that are right for you. B.The goal of an ad is to sell you something. C.Be sure to work through the critical questions.

D.And examine the findings of the original research. E.Distinguish between research reports and public health advice. F.Be aware that information may also be incorrectly explained by an author's point of view. G.The following suggestions can help you sort through the health information you receive from common sources. 文章大意:有关个人健康信息的来源由许多,应该如何对这些信息进行正确评价,得到 真正对自己合理有用的信息,本文给出了几个有用的途径。 答案: 1. G 前面连续有几个 how to...提出的问题,下面四段都是几个建议,所以此处应该用 一个句子过渡,说明下面将要给出几个建议。 2.D 文章第二段说的是要“查看原始材料”,所以 D 项当中的 original 是关键词, 应该“考虑一下研究成果的类型,并应检查原始研究的调查报告”。 3.F 文章第三段的建议是要当心语言的误导。结合本文,这里的语言误导是指因为

某种语言的描述导致对于结果的错误的理解。“某个过程并不意味着一定会导致某个结果 (this does not mean that a certain course must lead to a certain result)”,信息也有可能因为作者 观点的原因被错误的解读,故选 F 项。 4.B 由 空 格 前 面 的 句 子 “Be especially careful of information contained in

advertisements.”可知此处应选 B 项,说明为什么要当心包含广告的信息。 5.A “朋友和家庭成员可以是看法和激励的巨大(信息)来源,但我们每个人都应该找 到适合我们自己的健康的生活方式”,所以,本段的主题是“作出对自己正确的选择”。 五 (2014· 山西省第四次四校联考) The Transport Industry In the UK The transport industry employs around 2.3 million people in the UK across some 196,000 companies. Worth over £75 billion to the economy, it ensures that goods, services and people can move as efficiently as possible. __1__ Traffic and transport construction jobs are essential to ensure that there are no longterm disruptions(中断) in transport. Without traffic and transport construction jobs, the Transport for London Organization wouldn't be able to maintain its train or tube lines. __2__ Opportunities involve construction work and building services to maintain facilities(设 施) such as airports and train stations. It also involves anything from designing and creating a new bridge or road, to developing a new harbor to increase sea freight(海运). Some roles require shift work. __3__ Depending on the role, travel may also be required either locally, nationally, or in some cases, internationally. Traffic and transport construction jobs have not escaped the effects of a global economic

downturn. However, rising fuel costs have seen a huge increase in the number of people using public transport. __4__ Traffic and transport construction jobs were important during the 2012 Games. Billions of pounds were invested into improving the capital's transport facilities. __5__ It was a 12carriage train that linked King's Cross St. Pancras stations to the heart of London in just seven minutes. A.With the transport industry, many people would be unemployed in UK. B.This included the “Olympic Javelin”. C.This can mean working evenings, nights and possibly weekends. D.Because of the size of the industry, a number of career opportunities are available. E.Many stadiums were built at that time. F.This is because transport construction jobs carry out all the necessary maintenance required to keep public transport safe and running. G.The industry can be divided into three main sectors: surface, sea and air transport. 文章大意:本文介绍了英国的交通运输业。该行业可分为三个方面:陆地上,海上和空 中运输。运输行业雇佣了大约 230 万人在大约 196,000 家公司。经济价值£750 亿,它确保 商品、 服务和人可以尽可能有效地移动。 伦敦市政府为了保证公共设施的正常运转投入大量 的财力物力。 答案: 1.G 考查上下文的语境理解能力。根据下文说的机场和火车站和海口可知,这里在

说:该行业可分为三个方面:陆地上,海上和空中运输,故选 G。 2.D 考查上下文的语境理解能力。根据后面的 career opportunities,可知,这里的意 思应该是:因为行业规模的扩大,有大量的就业机会。应选 D。 3.C 考查上下文的语境理解能力。前一句是:有一些工作需要轮班工作。后一句是: 根据角色, 旅行也可能需要在本地, 在全国范围内, 或在某些情况下,在国际上。故 C 项(这 可能意味着晚上工作,晚上和周末。)符合要求。 4.F 考查上下文的语境理解能力。根据上文可知,不断上涨的燃料成本使越来越多

的人使用公共交通工具。 下文提到:数十亿英镑被投入到改善首都的交通设施。 所以选 F(这 是因为交通建设工作进行所有必要的维护以保证公共交通的安全运行。)前后一致。 5.B 考查上下文的语境理解能力。在 2012 年奥运会期间,数十亿英镑被投入到改善 首都的交通设施。其中包括“Olympic Javelin”,一个有着 12 节车厢的火车,使得从国王的十 字圣潘克拉斯车站到伦敦市中心仅仅需要 7 分钟的时间。故选 B 前后一致。 六 (2014· 贵州省六校联盟第二次联考) Doctors Say Most Heart Disease Preventable Heart disease is the number one killer, worldwide, of men and women over the age of 60. But

people of all ages die of heart attacks each year. And while death rates have declined in the U.S. and many western European countries, they are on the rise in the developing world. __1__. No one would have guessed that Barbara Teng would have a heart attack. She was not overweight. She did not smoke or exercise. “In 2004, the week after I turned 49, when I was on a business trip in Chicago, I had a major heart attack,” she said. __2__. She now exercises daily, and monitors her heart health. Dr. Patrice Nickens, who is with the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, thinks that heart disease is 82 percent preventable. “__3__,” she said.“Men are also facing the same problem, and the key to staying healthy is knowing your numbers.” “Your weight, your blood cholesterol, blood sugar and your blood pressure are important numbers that can help you take action and reduce your risk,” she said. __4__. “And the steps to take are simple: don't smoke, maintain a healthy weight, exercise, know your numbers and talk to your physician and control these risks,” she said. AfricanAmericans are at higherthanaverage risk for heart disease and stroke; people don't even know they have it, which increases the risk. Medstar Washington Hospital Center is trying to reach this population. __5__. For example, helping the people monitor their blood pressure. If people realize they are at risk for heart disease, they'll make lifestyle changes: lose weight, exercise, eat the right foods and keep in touch with a doctor. A.A healthy lifestyle can prevent heart disease B.So we must cure heart disease C.It is the leading cause of death for women D.With the right training, they can play an important role in community health E.And that changed her life F.Lack of exercise causes heart attacks G.Yet most heart disease is preventable 文章大意:医生说大多数心脏病是可以预防的。 答案: 1. G 根据前面所讲心脏病在全世界范围内越来越严重, 最后用 Yet most heart disease is preventable 表示转折。故 G 项符合上下文。 2.E 根据其后面—句 She now exercises daily, and monitors her heart health。故 E 项解 释符合上下文。 3.C 根据其后面一句 Men are also facing the same problem。故 C 项符合上下文。 4.A 根据下文可知健康的生活方式可以阻止心脏病。故 A 项正确。 5.D 根据下面的例子 For example, helping the people monitor their blood pressure.,说

明正确的锻炼对健康起重要的作用。 七 (2014· 许昌新乡平顶山三市二模) How to Survive High School High school can be a terrible phase if you get it all wrong. Find out how to survive high school with a few easy tips. 1.Be Yourself. High school is a fun time to make new friends, meet new people, date and socialize. Make friends with all kinds of people and not just a group which you are comfortable with. Most peer pressure cases are because of the weak image created by freshmen. __1__ Don't give in to anyone's wants. 2.__2__ Choose your friends carefully and make sure you won't get influenced by anyone. Socialize, but by judging who you can connect to. You will find friends, but stay away from the ones who don't want to be your friends as a bad company is tempting, but the good one is true. 3.Be Optimistic. There is nothing better than having a smile on your face whenever you can. __3__ Don't be afraid to make friends, don't get aggressive or personal with anyone and treat others the way you want to be treated. Respect your teachers and classmates and try to be helpful if you want the same in return. 4.Be Confident. When you believe in yourself, others believe in you. Talk, walk and address people confidently and this will create a strong image about you. __4__ Be creative and unique and learn to set trends. Confidence is one quality you grow with, and people respect you for that. 5.Love High School. __5__ Make the most out of it, and you will never get those moments back. Come up with prank ideas, get a detention, top your class, make the best friends, drink, go to prom, party, but just make as many memories as you can! With these tips to survive high school, you will surely be proud of graduating as an all round approaching adult carrying the best roots. So, when you throw those hats in the air, feel the freedom and remember every moment you spent in “High School”. A.And always wear your smile. B.Keep Good Company. C.Just be yourself and create a strong self image. D.Practice positive thinking. E.Do your thing, and don't imitate others.

F.Fall in love with it. G.Study as hard as you can in your spare time. 文章大意:高中阶段的学习是很重要的,如果弄不好,是很痛苦的阶段,文章介绍了几 个方法能更好的度过高中阶段。 答案: 1. C 考查句意理解和上下文。 根据上文: Most peer pressure cases are because of the weak image created by freshmen.可知:要做自己,建立更加牢固的自我形象,所以选 C。 2. B 考查段落大意。 根据这段的句子: You will find friends, but stay away from the ones who don't want to be your friends as a bad company is tempting, but the good one is true.可知这 段主要讲的是:要和好人交朋友,所以选 B。 3.D 考查句意理解和上下文。根据上文:There is nothing better than having a smile on your face whenever you can.可知:要练习积极的想法,所以选 D。 4.E 考查句意理解和上下文。根据下文:Be creative and unique and learn to set trends. 可知:做自己的事情,不要模仿别人,所以选 E。 5.F 考查句意理解和上下文。根据这段的小标题:Love High School.可知:要爱上高 中,所以选 F。 八 (2014· 嘉峪关市一中第六次模拟) Culture Shock Culture shock refers to the anxiety and feelings (of surprise, uncertainty, confusion, etc.) felt when people have to operate within a different and unknown cultural or social environment, such as a foreign country. Generally speaking, we could say that there are four stages of culture shock. The first stage is called “the honeymoon”. In this stage, you are excited about living in a different place. __1__ The next stage is “the hostility( 敌意 )stage”. In this stage, you begin to notice not everything is as good as you originally thought it was. __2__ Moreover, people don't treat you like a guest anymore. Then you come to the third stage called “recovery”. In this stage, you start to feel more positive. __3__ The whole situation starts to become more favorable and you begin to learn to adapt yourself to it. The last stage of culture shock is called “adjustment”. In this stage, you have reached a point where you actually feel good.__4__ The things that originally made you feel uncomfortable or strange are now things that you understand. Now you have adjusted to the new culture and you feel comfortable. Not all individuals visiting another country will experience all these four stages.__5__ It also occurs within cultures as individuals move from place to place or from one setting to another (e.g.,

from high school to college). A.You feel that friends should help each other to deal with culture shock. B.And you try to develop comprehension of everything you don't understand. C.In addition, culture shock is not limited to the overseas visitor. D.You become tired of many things about the new culture. E.You have learned enough to understand the new culture. F.You begin to understand you need to travel a lot. G.And everything seems to be marvelous and everybody seems to be so nice to you. 答案: 1.G 根据 The first stage is called “the honeymoon”. In this stage, you are excited about living in a different place.可知这里想说每一件事情看起来都很不可思议,每个人看起来都对 你很好,故选 G。 2.D 根据 The next stage is “the hostility(敌意)stage”. In this stage, you begin to notice not everything is as good as you originally thought it was. __2__ Moreover, people don't treat you like a guest anymore.可知这里想说你对新文化的很多事情都感到厌烦,故选 D。 3. B 根据 Then you come to the third stage called “recovery”. In this stage, you start to feel more positive. __3__ The whole situation starts to become more favorable and you begin to learn to adapt yourself to it.可知这里想说你努力理解你不懂的每一件事情,故选 B。 4. E 根据 The things that originally made you feel uncomfortable or strange are now things that you understand. Now you have adjusted to the new culture and you feel comfortable. 可知这 里想说对于新文化的理解,你已经了解的足够多了,故选 E。 5.C 根据 Not all individuals visiting another country will experience all these four

stages.__5__ It also occurs within cultures as individuals move from place to place or from one setting to another (e.g., from high school to college).可知这里想说另外,文化冲击不仅仅局限 于海外的访问者,故选 C。 九 (2014· 北京市海淀区下学期期中) There is distinction between reading for information and reading for understanding. __1__ The first sense is the one in which we read newspapers, magazines, or anything else.__2__ Such materials may increase our store of information, but they cannot improve our understanding. And clearly we don't have any difficulty in gaining the new information, for our understanding was equal to them before we started. Otherwise, we would have felt the shock of puzzlement. The second sense is the one in which we read something that at first we do not completely understand. Here the thing to be read is at the first sight better or higher than the reader. The writer is communicating something that can increase the reader's understanding. __3__ Otherwise one

person could never learn from another. Here “learning” means understanding more, not remembering more information. What are the conditions in this kind of reading? First, there is inequality in understanding. __4__ Besides, his book must convey something he possesses and his potential readers lack. Second, the reader must be able to overcome this inequality in some degree. And he should always try to reach the same level of understanding with the writer. If the equality is approached, success of communication is achieved. __5__ It is the least demanding and requires the least amount of effort. Everyone who knows how to read can read for entertainment if he wants to. In fact, any book that can be read for understanding or information can probably be read for entertainment as well. A.The writer should have a better communicating skill. B.Such communication between unequals must be possible. C.We can get access to the content of those materials easily. D.The writer must be “superior” to the reader in understanding. E.Thus, we can employ the word “reading” in two distinct senses. F.Reading for entertainment is capable of increasing our understanding for information. G . Besides gaining information and understanding, there's another goal of

reading—entertainment. 答案: 1.E 根据 The first sense is the one in which we read newspapers, magazines, or anything else.故选 E。 2.C 根据 Such materials may increase our store of information, but they cannot improve our understanding.可知这里想说我们可以很容易抓住材料的内容,故选 C。 3.B 根 据 The writer is communicating something that can increase the reader's

understanding.故选 B。 4.D 根据 Besides, his book must convey something he possesses and his potential readers lack.可知这里想说作者一定在理解方面高于读者,故选 D。 5.G 根据 It is the least demanding and requires the least amount of effort. Everyone who knows how to read can read for entertainment if he wants to. In fact, any book that can be read for understanding or information can probably be read for entertainment as well.可知这里想说, 除了 获得信息和理解,还有另外一个阅读目标,娱乐,故选 G。 十 (2014· 邯郸市二模) A large number of people have a preference for bottled water, because they feel that tap water may not be safe. __1__ Bottled water is mostly sold in plastic bottles. __2__ Processing the plastic can lead the

harmful chemicals into the water contained in the bottles. The chemicals can be taken in the body and cause physical discomfort. __3__ Bacteria(细菌) can increase in large numbers if the water is kept on the shelves for too long or if it is exposed(暴露) to heat or direct sunlight. The information on storage and shipment is not always readily available to consumers. __4__ Besides these safety problems, bottled water has other disadvantages. It contributes to global warming. About 2.5 million tons of carbon dioxide was produced in 2012 by the production of plastic for bottled water. __5__ According to one research, 90% of the bottles used are not recycled and lie for ages in landfills(填埋场). A.Do you like to drink bottled water? B.But is bottled water really any better? C.That's why it possibly causes health problems. D.The problem concerning bottled water remains to be settled. E.Health risks can also result from unfit store of bottled water. F.In addition, bottled water produces large amount of solid waste. G.Because of this, bottled water may not be a better choice, compared to tap water. 文章大意:很多人都偏爱瓶装水。其实瓶装水有卫生安全、造成全球变暖危害以及产生 固体废物垃圾等很多问题。 1.B 考查上下文逻辑关系。前面讲人们偏爱瓶装水,后面讲的是瓶装水的危害。所

以表示前后转折的 B 项符合语境。 2.C 前面讲的是瓶装水大多数是用塑料装的,后面讲的是塑料制品生产过程中产生

的危害。所以 C 项承上启下,符合语境。 3.E 空后讲的是瓶装水的储藏可能带来细菌的大量滋生。所以 E 项“健康问题源于 不合适的储藏”符合语境。 4.G 此句作为瓶装水有安全问题的总结发言,因为下一段就是安全问题之外的缺点

了。所以 G 项总结上文,与第一空照应。 5.F 空后讲的是瓶装水造成的固体垃圾污染问题。所以 F 项符合语境。 十一 (2014· 河西五市部分普通高中第二次联考) Successful students are highly motivated by an inner drive to study well.They have a specific career goal in mind.__1__ So they form their own good study habits,plan ahead and stick to their study timetable on their own initiative. If you want to motivate yourself, here are some great ways to improve your motivation. ◆ You should write down your educational goals, which makes them become clear. ◆ Imagine your success.Experience the feeling of reaching your particular goal.

◆ Give yourself rewards.__2__ ◆ Seek advice and study opportunities from the good students in your class. Successful students tend to study hard. They pay much attention to class as well as taking notes. __3__ __4__ Outside class they find a quiet study place to study, because they know that After setting goals it is important to write them down for many reasons. academic life comes before their social life. ◆ Goals that aren't written are only wishes. ◆ It helps you make a commitment(承诺)to yourself. ◆ It gives you a way to see your progress. ◆ No one wants to regret not doing something they could have done. Successful students manage their time well by setting up weekly timetable. They make the best use of their study time and find a quiet place and study there every day.__5__ If you want to be a successful student, please do as the above. A.They know that they are responsible for their success or failure. B.They make study time productive and not necessarily long. C.Successful students should set goals. D.You will be proud of yourself when you achieve success. E.Each time you complete a lesson, do something special for yourself. F.When you set your goals,make sure that your goals are specific and realistic. G.They arrive at the classroom early and sit in the front. 文章大意:怎样才能成为成功的学生?他们的共同点是什么呢?本文给出了答案。 1.A 成功的学生都被一种内在的动力强烈地激励着,渴望把事情做好。在他们心中

都有具体的职业目标。他们深知成败在于自己的努力。 2.E 与前面的主题句“Give yourself rewards(给自己奖赏)”对应的是 E 项。 3.G 该段讲的是成功学生的学习习惯,所以 G 项符合语境。 4.C 空后的“After setting goals...”可知,此处是设立目标。 5.B 该段讲的是学习时间的利用,所以 B 项符合语境。 十二 (2014· 豫南五市二模) Have you ever noticed that the more you have the more you want? Let's face it. Thinking our life is good enough doesn't come naturally to many people. When we have high expectations of everything in life, we will run into disappointment. Only when we are aware that needs are different from desires can we live with satisfaction. __1__ __2__ Most people want things to be better than they are, or when things are going well, we forget to appreciate what we have. Learn to reflect on how much better things are than they could be. Write down 5 things you are grateful for right now.

When we hold onto regrets from decisions we have made, it can really poison our wellbeing. Many people regret something they can no longer change, which ends up holding them back from moving forward in a more positive manner. __3__ current moment to find more joy and fulfillment. When we use other people as the measuring stick for our personal success and quality of life, we are likely to be less satisfied. Social comparisons can provide useful information when we try to learn from others, but they also hold our perspective in a discontented position. __4__ When you focus on your big ambitions and future goals, you might neglect the daily pleasures that surround you. __5__ Stay present and focus on the task you're undertaking at the moment. Don't let the life pass you by because you're always on the go and distracted by ambitions. Practice looking at life through the lens(镜头) of contentment and it will become more natural. A.Learn to create chances to achieve your goal. B.What you should do is to put yourself in a good mood. C.Here are a few ideas to help you be happier with what you have and who you are. D.Focus on what you are thankful for. E.What happened in the past is done and gone. F.Compare yourself less with others so you can be satisfied more. G.Learn to slow down and absorb the wonder and beauty around you. 文章大意:本文就如何帮助自己保持快乐的心态提出了具体的建议。 答案: 1.C 本文接下来的 4 段都是关于如何帮助自己保持快乐的心态的具体的建议。故 C 项符合上下文串联。 2.D 后面的“appreciate”以及“grateful”可知,D 项 thankful 符合语境。 3.E 该段讲的是把握现在,不要对过去的事情遗憾和后悔。所以 E 项符合语境。 4.F 该段讲的是不要与人攀比,句中的“other people”与 F 项照应。 5. G 该段讲的是不要忽略当下的快乐, 与 G 项照应。 而且原文的“pleasures that surround you.”与 G 项的 “wonder and beauty around you.”照应。 十三 (2014· 贵州省 4 月适应性考试) How to find your own suitable interests? __1__And it is also a great way to improve your health.Most hobby clubs have members who are very experienced in their hobbies.While a hobby has many benefits,it is not always easy to find the right one.Here is how to find one that fits you. Try hobbies that fit in where you like to be.Try one as soon as possible.You may find yourself So work to stay present and be mindful of the

with a new hobby by doing what you want to do.__2__Try to write a short story, and writing might become your new hobby. Get out of your comfort zone and try to learn something new every month.__3__Many people find that they enjoy things they never thought they would.For example,even if you are not patient,try making a needlepoint(针绣花边)pillow.You might find that you enjoy needlepoint. One of the best ways to find a hobby that fits you is to try new things.People who like outdoor activities could try hiking or birdwatching.If you enjoy visiting new places,maybe traveling is a hobby that is right for you. __4__ Join a local club.Experienced members will help you learn the skills for the hobby.__5__ A.Other members will also be able to give you advice. B.Do you have your own hobbies? C.Choose a hobby that fits your schedule. D.For example,some people dream of writing. E.For example,you wish to become a free traveler. F.Having a hobby is an excellent way to pass the time. G. Try photography or painting scenery when you enjoy observing nature. 文章大意:怎样才能找到适合自己的兴趣爱好呢?本文给出了具体的建议。 答案: 1.F 空后的 And 以及 also 提示我们该空选择有兴趣爱好的优点。F 项符合语境。 2.D 空后的 writing 提示我们选 D 项而非 E 项。 3. C 和空前的“Get out of your comfort zone and try to learn something new every month.” 照应的是 C 项。 4.G 和前面的 travelling 照应,选择 G 项。 5.A 建议。 十四 (2014· 河北省“五个一名校联盟”质监一) Procrastination (拖延) is a phenomenon we are familiar with. When we procrastinate, we waste our free time and put off important tasks we should do till it's too late. __1__ Here, I will share some personal steps taken to overcome procrastination with great success. Break your work down into little parts. Part of the reason why we procrastinate is that we find the work too overwhelming (巨大的)for us. Break it down into little parts, and then focus on one part at a time. If you still procrastinate after doing so, break it down even further. __2__ Change your environment. Look at your work desk and your room. Do they make you want to work or do they make you sleepy? __3__ Create a detailed timeline with specific deadlines. Having just one deadline for your work is 与前面的“Experienced members”照应,此处为其他的会员(没有经验的)也会给你

like an invitation to procrastinate. That's because we would get the impression that we have time and keep pushing everything back until it's too late. __4__ finish each task by a certain date. __5__ I'm pretty sure if you spend just 10 minutes talking to people like Steve Jobs or Bill Gates, you'll be more inspired to act than if you spend the 10 minutes doing nothing. The people we are with influence our behavior. A.Seek out someone who has already achieved the similar outcome to your goals. B.Hang out with people who inspire you to take action. C.Having a companion makes the whole process much more fun. D.If it's the latter, you should begin to change your workspace. E.It's a bad habit eating us away and stopping us achieving greater success in life. F.Break down your project, and then create an overall timeline with specific deadlines for each small task. G.Soon, your task will be so simple that you will be thinking you can do it now. 文章大意:怎样改掉拖延的毛病,本文给出了很好的建议。 答案: 1.E 拖延是我们非常熟悉的现象。它的危害很多。E 项是其中之一。 2.G 把任务分解就会使大任务变得简单。所以 G 项符合语境。 3.D 前面有两个问题,所以 D 项的“latter”与之照应。 4.F 该段讲的是时间,且该段开始的“Create a detailed timeline with specific deadlines.” 与 F 项照应。所以 F 项符合语境。 5.B 空后的“people like Steve Jobs or Bill Gates”与 B 项“who inspire you to take action.” 照应;空后的“you'll be more inspired to act”与 B 项“inspire you to take action.”照应。 十五 (2014· 河南省长葛市三模) Although different universities in the US have different admissions policies, most determine admission based on several standards, including a student's high school course of study, high school Grade Point Average (GPA), participation in activities, SAT or ACT exam scores, a written essay, and possibly a personal interview. The university admissions office considers whether a student has taken courses in high school that have prepared him or her for more difficult coursework. A student's high school GPA is also considered. __1__ Each letter grade is assigned a number of points: A=4 points, B=3, C=2, D=1 and F=0 point. A GPA is calculated by adding all of the points earned for each course grade and dividing the total points by the total number of courses taken. __2__ Universities prefer to see applications from high school students who have engaged in activities in their spare time, such as clubs, athletic teams and student government. __3__ Most In this way, you know you have to

students in the US take the SAT Reasoning Test or the ACT during their final year of high school. Each university sets a minimum SAT or ACT score that a student must achieve in order to be admitted. These are standardized quantitative examinations. The SAT tests critical reading, math and writing skills. __4__ Students are often required to write an essay as part of the application process. __5__ The applicants may also be required to have a personal interview with a representative from the admissions office. A.A student who fails a required course must repeat the course. B.A GPA is a figure representing a student's accumulated grades. C.Each admissions office determines the length and content of the essay. D.For example, a GPA of 3.0 is a “B” average for all of the courses taken. E.A student graduates after he or she has successfully passed all the required courses. F.The ACT tests English, math, reading, science reasoning and optional writing. G.Voluntary participation in these activities shows students have learned valuable life lessons. 文章大意:虽然美国大学的招生政策不同,但是大多数都要求高中学业、GPA、社会活 动、SAT 或 ACT 考试分数、书面论文或者个人面试。 1.B 前面提到了 GPA,所以应该选择 B 项或者 D 项;D 项与数字相连应该是第二空 的内容。所以选 B 项。 2.D 见上题解析。 3.G 前面讲到高中生在业余时间从事的活动。所以 G 项“these activities”与之照应。 4.F 前面讲的是 SAT 以及 ACT,所以 F 项符合语境。 5.C 前面的“essay”与 C 项照应。 十六 (2014· 大庆市二模) Ways to save time We all wish we had just a bit more time. Just think what you could do with an extra hour or two each day: you could finally stick to an exercise routine, or springclean the house, or write your novel, or learn the guitar, or get a new qualification. __1__ But I can help you find more hours in your day for the things that really matter. · __2__ If you normally get up at 7: 30 am try getting up at 7: 00 am. That halfhour might not sound like much, but it could be time that you use to exercise, to read that book you've been meaning to finish, or simply to get your day off to a calm and organized start. · Do the important tasks first. Once you get to work, get the important ones done first (not the easy ones, or even the urgent

ones). You can afford to spend at least an hour working on big, important tasks rather than on all those little urgent ones. __3__ The urgent tasks will still get done, and you won't miss the important ones. · Reduce interruptions. If colleagues have a habit of hanging around your desk to chat, or if the phone is constantly ringing, you might find that it takes you half the day to finish a simple task like writing a letter. Constant interruptions don't just eat up time, they also break your concentration. When you've got a big task to focus on, let your calls go to voicemail. __4__ Wearing headphones makes it less likely that people will try to start a conversation. · Stay focused on your work. A few minutes chatting, browsing the web, and so on, can easily turn into hours of wasted time over the course of a day.__5__ If your concentration is slipping, take a proper break. And if you're facing a difficult task, try breaking it into small steps or stages so that it's easier to deal with. A.When you're working, work. B.Take breaks when necessary. C.If you have an office door, close it. D.Get out of bed earlier. E.If you work like this, you'll usually save time. F.Would you want me to make your day longer? G.I can't magically make all your days 25 hours long. 文章大意:本文介绍了节省时间的方法。 答案: 1.G 由后文“但是我能帮你找到更多的时间”可知,此空应该是 G 项“虽然我不能 魔幻地让你一天有 25 小时”符合语境。 2.D 该题是本段的主题句,所以早起床符合语境。 3.E 先做重要的事会节省你的时间。 4.C 该空所在段讲的是避免被打扰的方式,所以 C 项“关上办公室的门”符合语境。 5.A 与该段主题句“Stay focused on your work”照应的是 A 项。 十七 (2014· 长春市第三次调测) Trust has been considered as the basis of any relationship, including friendship. No relationship can last long with a lack of trust. Not many of your friends will have real faith in you as you would like to believe.__1__ Sometimes, it takes years, even a complete lifetime, to trust someone. However, how do we know if our friends have faith in us? __2__ With whom will you share things that you don't want everyone to know? It would be

with a close friend, whom you trust as much as you trust yourself. While a few of your friends may be fiercely protective of their privacy and may not tell their secrets to anyone, those who do, surely find you trustworthy and reliable. Whom do you look up to for advice when you need it the most? It has to be either your parents or your friends. __3__ This is a shining example of trust. You only seek advice from people you hold in high regard and find dependable. The friends who trust you will never forget to include you in the important decisions of their life. Arguments and heated discussions are a part of every relationship, and this is also true for friendship. __4__ While some people find it difficult to forgive and forget, your friends will never have problems moving on. It is because they trust you and believe that you will never cause any pain to them on purpose. There are times in life when you find yourself a lonely soldier. __5__ Your friends will never let you down and will strongly stand for you when you need encouragement. You can determine that they trust you and believe in your beliefs, if they side with you when you need them the most. A.People can be extraordinarily jealous sometimes. B.You know they will never pass on a wrong suggestion. C.In fact, winning trust is, by far, the most challenging aspect of relationships. D.Two people cannot have identical reactions to a situation and different opinions do exist. E.No matter how close you are to your friends, you cannot take that comfort level for granted. F.If your friends share their secrets, there's a good possibility that they have much faith in you. G.However, people who are fortunate to have been blessed with true friends are never alone in any battle. 文章大意:本文是一篇说明文,告诉读者信任是联系的纽带和基础,以及在生活中如何 才能知道我们的朋友是否信任我们。 1.C 考查考生对上下文顺承关系的理解能力。由第一段最后两句 “Not many of your friends will have real faith in you as you would like to believe. __1__ Sometimes, it takes years, even a complete lifetime, to trust someone.” 可知。答案中的信息与画线部分信息吻合。 2. F 考查考生对段落大意的概括能力。 本句是主题句, 概括下文。 “With whom will you share things that you don't want everyone to know? It would be with a close friend, whom you trust as much as you trust yourself.” 3.B 考查考生对上下文因果关系的理解能力。上文说你想征求他人意见时最想找的

是你的父母或朋友,下文答案接着给出找他们的原因是你知道他们不会害你,故选 B。 4. D 考查考生对上下文顺承关系的理解能力。 根据本段第一句 “Arguments and heated

discussions are a part of every relationship, and this is also true for friendship” 可知。 答案中的信 息与画线部分信息吻合。 5.G 考查考生对上下文转折关系的理解能力。本答案的上文说人生中有时候你会感

到孤独,下文则说真正的朋友绝不会让你失望或沮丧,故为转折关系,并且答案句的开头又 有提示词 However,因此选 G。 十八 (2014· 石家庄市二模) Surprising Benefits of Having a Dog Dogs offer more than just companionship. If you're considering getting a pooch, check out these surprising benefits of having a dog. 1.You'll exercise more. Owning a dog can motivate you to exercise every day. On those days when it might be easy to skip a workout, looking at your dog standing by the door waiting to go for a walk can give you the push you need to get out there. __1__ 2.Your social life may improve. Not only does walking your dog help you to get exercise, it might also help you get a date. __2__ Going to the dog park or taking your dogs to run errands can also lead to strangers striking up conversations with you about your dog. 3.Your heart will be healthier. Studies show that petting a dog lowers a person's heart rate. __3__ In fact, some researches show that dog owners are much more likely to survive a heart attack compared to nondog owners. Male pet owners in particular tend to experience a reduced rate of heart disease. 4.You're less likely to feel depressed. __4__ Dog owners are less likely to depressed. Dog owners who have been diagnosed with clinical depression aren't likely to be as depressed as other people. Caring for a dog helps relieve symptoms of depression and encourages people to be more positive. 5.__5__ Dogs can be effective home security system. Just knowing that you've got a dog who can use its keen sense of hearing to detect anyone walking around can help increase your sense of security, which is good for both your mental and physical health. A.You'll feel safer. B.Dogs can replace security system. C.You can never imagine your dog can be of so much benefit. D.Therefore, dog owners are more likely to have a healthy heart. E.The benefits of dog ownership extend to your mental health as well. F.People are more likely to stop and talk with you when you're walking a dog.

G.Taking your dog for a 30 minute walk every day can greatly improve your health. 文章大意:养条宠物狗好处多多。 1. G 根据上句“...your dog...waiting to go for a walk”可知, 带狗外出散步可以连接上文。 2.F 与上文“a date”以及该段主题句“Your social life may improve”照应的是 F 项,在你 遛狗时,人们很可能会停下来和你交谈。 3. D 与主题句“Your heart will be healthier”相照应, 以及空前的“...lowers a person's heart rate”可知,选 D 项,狗的主人的心脏会更加健康。 4.E 由该段主题句“You're less likely to feel depressed ”可知,E 项心理健康符合语境。 5.A 该空为该段的主题句。由该段的“security”可知,A 项“你会更加安全”符合语 境。


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