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Passage 1: Step 1 Lead in:

M3 U2 Project

Look at the pictures, what do you think they are? Do Chinese characters remain the same for thousands of years? Step 2 Skimming:

1.What is the article about? ____________________________________________ 2.Who first invented Chinese writing? ____________________________________________ 3.How many kinds of Chinese characters are mentioned in the text? And what are they? ____________________________________________________ 1.象形字 The first Chinese characters from _________________ 2.会意字 Some characters made by ___________two or more characters together . 3.指事字 Characters for_________________. . 4.形声字 Characters consisting of two parts:one for_________ the other for__________ 4.What is the most common form of characters being used nowadays? ____________________________________________________ Step 3 Skimming and scanning: 1.What is the article about? ________________________________________ 2.Who first invented Chinese writing? ____________________________________________ 3.How many kinds of Chinese characters are mentioned in the text? And what are they? ____________________________________________________ 4. What is the most common form of characters being used nowadays? ____________________________________________________ Step 4 Skimming: The main idea of each paragraph: Para 1: __________________ to Chinese characters Para 2: _________________of Chinese characters. Para 3-4: _________________of Chinese characters. Para 5: __________________of Chinese characters. Step 5 Discussion: If you are asked to make more people know the development of Chinese characters, how would you like to do it? Step 6 Practice: What is a booklet? Design a booklet about The Development of Chinese characters. Passage 2: Step 1 Lead in: Do you know the story of Braille? How is the Braille system used now? Step 2 Scanning: At the age of three Braille ______________as a result of an injury. When he was ten he went to a school for the blind in Paris, and books for blind people used paper ___________________________________to form letters. When he was twelve (in 1821) a soldier showed them a system used paper with small, raised dots that could be felt with the fingers, which was too difficult to be_____________. But Braille took the idea and worked on it. At the age of fifteen Braille created a system with patterns of ___________________ representing each letter. Step 3 Skimming: Analyze the structure of passage: Para1: ______________________________________________________ Para2: ______________________________________________________ Para3-4: ______________________________________________________
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Para5: ______________________________________________________ Step 4 Practice: Design a booklet about Braille. Language points: I Passage 1 Useful words and phrases: 1. differ from … in… 2. stand for/represent /express different objects L2 3. in many cases L3 4. over time L12 5. as a whole L14 6. turn into L15 7. distinguish…by (doing) sth. L21 8. be opposites of each other L22 9. simplified Chinese characters L26 10. China?s mainland L28 Passage 2 Useful words and phrases: 1. lose one?s eyesight L5 2. as a result of L5 3. weigh as much as… L8 4. be not convenient for use L9 5. during times of battle L12 6. be of practical use L17 7. work on L18 8. one?s own version L24 II Word study : Passage 1: 1.development n.--- v. 2.differ L1 v.--- n. 3.invent L7 v.--- n. 4.observe L9 v.---n. 5.appearance L9 n.--- v. 6.represent L10 形似词 7.simplify L12 v.--- adj. 8.combine L18 v.---n 9.direction L20 n.--- adj. 10.opposite L22 n.--- adj. 11.shortcoming L23 同义词 12.indicate L25 同义词 13.pronunciation L26 n.— v. Passage 2: 1.pressure L7 n.---v. 2.convenience L9 n.---adj. 3.raise L13 v.---adj. 4.practice L17 n.---adj. III Translation Passage 1: 1.The Chinese language differs from Western languages in that, instead of an alphabet, it uses characters which stands for ideas, objects or deeds.(L1-2) ____________________________________________________________________________ differ vi. differ from… in… differ from … = be different from … 1)约翰和他哥哥在很多方面不同。_________________________________________ 2)中国和美国政治和文化有很大不同。_________________________________________ 3)他和你不同,区别在于他比你学习努力。_________________________________________ in that 1)The little girl grasped me in that she observed a stranger approaching. ____________________________________________________________________________ 2)约翰打篮球打得比山姆好是因为他做过一年的学校蓝球队队员。 ____________________________________________________________________________ stand for 1) UN stands for the United Nations. _____________________________________ 2) 鸽子象征着什么?和平。_____________________________________ 3) John always stands for what is right. _____________________________________ 4) May I ask what policy your party stands for? _____________________________________ 2.The history of the Chinese language can be examined by looking at how these characters developed. L4-5 ____________________________________________________________________________ represent 1)Do you know what the five stars on the Chinese national flag represent? __________________
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2)The painting represents the scene of a harvest. _____________________________________ 3)He represented himself as an expert. _____________________________________ 3. Then he had the idea that he could use different shapes to represent different objects. L9-10 ____________________________________________________________________________ 当 not 与 表示“全体”的意义的词 all, both, everyone, everything, everywhere 等连用时 为部分否定, 意为"并不都......" 1)Both of them have not read this story. _____________________________________ 2)All that glitters is not gold. _____________________________________ 当 not 与 any, anyone, anywhere, anything 连用或出现 no, nothing, nobody, nowhere, none, neither 时是完全否定. I don't have any books. = I have no books. All of us do not agree to the plan. None of us agree(s) to the plan. Everything is not ready. Nothing is ready. 4.The first Chinese characters were drawings of physical objects. L10-11 ____________________________________________________________________________ combine vt./vi. combine to do sth. combine A and/with B 1) The two countries combined together against their enemy. 2)The two old schools are to combine to form one big new school. 3) We can combine Chinese traditional medicine with Western medicine. 4)Let's combine study with pleasure. 5.Not all characters were developed from drawings of the objects.(L17) ____________________________________________________________________________ indicate vt. indication n. indicate sth. (to sb) indicate + 宾语从句 1)With a nod of his head he indicated to me where I should sit. 2)研究表明电脑的广泛使用改变了许多年轻人的生活方式。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 6.It?s easy to distinguish their meanings by looking at them, for example, the characters for “up” and “down”, which are opposites of each other. L21-22 ____________________________________________________________________________ simplify vt. simplified adj. simple adj. simply adv. 1)你能不能把语言简化一点? _________________________________________ 2)对于初学者, 读些名著的简写本可以提高阅读能力。 For beginners, they can improve their reading skill by reading the ____________________ of some masterpieces. 7.Therefore, a method was developed to have one part of a character indicate the meaning and the other suggest the pronunciation. L24-25 ____________________________________________ IV Translation Passage 2: 1.The whole system was not convenient for use.L9___________________________________ convenient adj. convenience n. be convenient (for sb./sth.)to do .. 1) 你三点钟有空么? _____________________________________ 2)你明天开始工作方便吗? _____________________________________ 3)你方便的话,我们明天就来吧。_____________________________________ 2.His system used paper with small, raised dots that could be felt with the fingers. L12-13 ____________________________________________________________________________ 3. The soldiers would drag their fingers over the raised dots to read the message. L14-15 ____________________________________________________________________________
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drag -- dragged 我们习惯用手指在钞票上拖动来判断它不是假钞。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 4.While the students found the soldier?s idea interesting, the system was too difficult to be of practical use. L16-17_______________________________________________________ while 1 ) While I admit that there are problems, I don?t agree that they can?t be solved. 2) I drink black coffee while he prefers it with cream. 3) He fell asleep while (he was) doing his homework. 高考链接: 1. I accept that he is not perfect, I do actually like the person. A. While B. Since C. Before D. Unless 2. modeling business is by no means easy to get into, the good model will always be in demand. A. While B. Since C. As D. If 3. He was about to tell me the secret someone patted him on the shoulder. A. as B. until C. while D. when 4. --I?m going to the post office. -you?re there, can you get me some stamps? A. As B. While C. Because D. If 5. The WTO cannot live up to its name it does not include a country that is home to one fifth of mankind. A. Since B. while C. if D. even though 5. ..., the system was too difficult to be of practical use.L16-17 ___________________________ be of + 抽象名词=be +形容词 (常用作表语,意为“具有…性质”) be of use=be useful be of help=be helpful be of importance=be important be of value=be valuable 1)今天的会议将很重要。 ____________________________________________ 2)你的建议对我很有价值。 ____________________________________________ 6. ?Braille?, the system for reading used today by blind people around the world, was thus born. L19-20 _______________________________________________________ thus 1) Hold the wheel in both hands, thus. ____________________________________________ 2) Thus , we challenge the world to create the future with our customers. ____________________________________________________________________________

? Magical words (show your special ways to remember at least 10 words )
1._____________________________________________________________________________ 2._____________________________________________________________________________

Revision

Shinning expressions (use at least 5 phrases to make your own sentences)
1._____________________________________________________________________________ 2._____________________________________________________________________________

Classic sentences (pick out at least 3 sentences to analyze or imitate)
1.原句:_________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 仿句:_________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 2.原句:________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ 仿句:_________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________
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