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ANSYS Workbench User's Guide


ANSYS Workbench User's Guide

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br />Release 13.0 November 2010
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Table of Contents
Overview ..................................................................................................................................................... 1 The ANSYS Workbench Interface ................................................................................................................... 3 Toolbox .................................................................................................................................................. 3 Project Schematic ................................................................................................................................... 5 Systems and Cells ............................................................................................................................. 5 Types of Cells .............................................................................................................................. 6 Engineering Data .................................................................................................................. 6 Geometry ............................................................................................................................. 6 Model/Mesh ......................................................................................................................... 7 Setup ................................................................................................................................... 7 Solution ............................................................................................................................... 8 Results ................................................................................................................................. 9 Understanding Cell States ........................................................................................................... 9 Typical Cell States ................................................................................................................. 9 Solution-Specific States ...................................................................................................... 10 Failure States ...................................................................................................................... 11 Project Schematic Links .................................................................................................................. 12 Working with Shared Data Links ................................................................................................ 12 Context Menu Options ................................................................................................................... 13 Common Context Menu Options .............................................................................................. 13 Transfer Context Menu Options ................................................................................................. 16 System Header Context Menu Options ...................................................................................... 17 Project Schematic White Space Context Menu Options .............................................................. 17 Link Context Menu Options ...................................................................................................... 19 The Toolbar .......................................................................................................................................... 19 The Menu Bar ....................................................................................................................................... 19 File Menu ....................................................................................................................................... 20 View Menu ..................................................................................................................................... 21 Tools Menu ..................................................................................................................................... 22 Units Menu ..................................................................................................................................... 23 Help Menu ..................................................................................................................................... 23 Working with Views and Workspaces ..................................................................................................... 23 Toolbox Customization View ........................................................................................................... 24 Files View ....................................................................................................................................... 25 Properties View .............................................................................................................................. 25 Outline View ................................................................................................................................... 26 Table View ...................................................................................................................................... 27 Chart View ...................................................................................................................................... 27 Messages View ............................................................................................................................... 27 Progress ......................................................................................................................................... 28 Using Docked and Floating Panes ................................................................................................... 28 Using Compact Mode ..................................................................................................................... 30 Using the Chart View ............................................................................................................................ 31 Chart Types .................................................................................................................................... 32 Setting Chart Properties .................................................................................................................. 32 Chart Zoom, Pan, and Rotate ........................................................................................................... 35 Using the Triad ............................................................................................................................... 35 Saving a Chart ................................................................................................................................ 36 Working with Units ............................................................................................................................... 36 Configuring ANSYS Workbench ................................................................................................................... 39
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ANSYS Workbench User's Guide Setting ANSYS Workbench Options ....................................................................................................... 39 Project Management ...................................................................................................................... 39 Appearance .................................................................................................................................... 40 Regional and Language Options ..................................................................................................... 41 Graphics Interaction ....................................................................................................................... 42 Geometry Import ........................................................................................................................... 42 Journals and Logs ........................................................................................................................... 43 Solution Process ............................................................................................................................. 43 Mechanical APDL ............................................................................................................................ 44 CFX ................................................................................................................................................ 45 Resolving Execution Control Conflicts ....................................................................................... 46 FLUENT .......................................................................................................................................... 46 Design Exploration ......................................................................................................................... 46 Mechanical ..................................................................................................................................... 46 Meshing ......................................................................................................................................... 47 Using Software Licensing in ANSYS Workbench ..................................................................................... 47 Working in ANSYS Workbench .................................................................................................................... 51 Adding Systems to the Project Schematic .............................................................................................. 51 Renaming Systems ............................................................................................................................... 54 Working Through an Analysis System .................................................................................................... 54 Defining Your Simulation Geometry ................................................................................................ 54 Basic Mechanical Analysis Workflow ................................................................................................ 56 Basic Fluid Flow Analysis Workflow .................................................................................................. 56 Creating and Linking a Second System .................................................................................................. 58 Duplicating, Moving, Deleting, and Replacing Systems ........................................................................... 60 Submitting Solutions for Local, Background, and Remote Solve Manager (RSM) Processes ...................... 61 Submitting Mechanical Jobs to RSM ................................................................................................ 63 Submitting Mechanical Application Jobs to RSM ....................................................................... 63 Workbench RSM Integration with the Mechanical Application ............................................. 63 Example 1: Default Update with "My Computer" Set as the Default Solve Process Setting .............................................................................................................................. 64 Example 2: Default Update with "My Computer, Background" Set as the Default Solve Process Setting ............................................................................................................. 64 Example 3: RSM Update Using "My Computer, Background", with "My Computer" Set as the Default Solve Process Setting .................................................................................. 65 Submitting Mechanical APDL Jobs to RSM ................................................................................ 66 Submitting Fluids Jobs to RSM ........................................................................................................ 67 Submitting CFX Jobs to RSM ..................................................................................................... 67 Submitting POLYFLOW Jobs to RSM .......................................................................................... 67 Submitting ANSYS FLUENT Jobs to RSM .................................................................................... 68 Using Journals and Scripts .................................................................................................................... 68 Journaling ...................................................................................................................................... 68 Recording and Playing a Journal ............................................................................................... 69 Using the Command Window ................................................................................................... 70 Scripting ........................................................................................................................................ 70 Project File Management ...................................................................................................................... 70 dp0 Subdirectory ............................................................................................................................ 70 user_files Subdirectory ................................................................................................................... 71 dpall Subdirectory and Working with Design Points ......................................................................... 72 Example Project .............................................................................................................................. 72 Working with Files and Projects ....................................................................................................... 73 Importing Files ......................................................................................................................... 73
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ANSYS Workbench User's Guide Archiving Projects ..................................................................................................................... 73 Project Recovery ....................................................................................................................... 74 Project Locking ......................................................................................................................... 74 Notes About Project File Management ............................................................................................ 74 ANSYS Workbench Files .................................................................................................................. 75 Importing Legacy Databases ........................................................................................................... 76 Using Help ........................................................................................................................................... 79 Troubleshooting ................................................................................................................................... 80 Problem Situations ......................................................................................................................... 81 Startup or Graphics Problems ................................................................................................... 81 Error Messages ............................................................................................................................... 82 Working with Parameters and Design Points ............................................................................................... 83 Parameters ........................................................................................................................................... 84 Custom Parameters ........................................................................................................................ 85 Design Points ....................................................................................................................................... 89 Updating Design Points .................................................................................................................. 90 Design Point Update Order ............................................................................................................. 91 Activating and Exporting Design Points .......................................................................................... 92 Updating Design Points via RSM ..................................................................................................... 92 Design Point States ......................................................................................................................... 94 Systems ...................................................................................................................................................... 95 Analysis Systems ................................................................................................................................... 95 Design Assessment ......................................................................................................................... 96 Electric ........................................................................................................................................... 97 Explicit Dynamics ........................................................................................................................... 98 Fluid Flow (CFX) .............................................................................................................................. 98 Fluid Flow (FLUENT) ........................................................................................................................ 99 Fluid Flow (POLYFLOW) ................................................................................................................... 99 Harmonic Response ...................................................................................................................... 100 Hydrodynamic Diffraction ............................................................................................................. 101 Hydrodynamic Time Response ...................................................................................................... 102 Linear Buckling ............................................................................................................................. 102 Magnetostatic .............................................................................................................................. 103 Modal and Modal (SAMCEF) .......................................................................................................... 103 Random Vibration ......................................................................................................................... 103 Response Spectrum ...................................................................................................................... 104 Shape Optimization ...................................................................................................................... 105 Static Structural and Static Structural (SAMCEF) ............................................................................. 105 Steady-State Thermal .................................................................................................................... 105 Thermal-Electric ........................................................................................................................... 106 Transient Structural ....................................................................................................................... 106 Rigid Dynamics ............................................................................................................................. 107 Transient Thermal ......................................................................................................................... 107 Component Systems ........................................................................................................................... 108 AUTODYN ..................................................................................................................................... 108 BladeGen ...................................................................................................................................... 110 CFX .............................................................................................................................................. 111 Engineering Data .......................................................................................................................... 111 Explicit Dynamics (LS-DYNA Export) .............................................................................................. 111 External Data ................................................................................................................................ 112 Creating And Configuring An External Data System ................................................................. 112 Finite Element Modeler ................................................................................................................. 115
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ANSYS Workbench User's Guide FLUENT ......................................................................................................................................... 115 Geometry ..................................................................................................................................... 116 Icepak .......................................................................................................................................... 116 DesignModeler to Icepak ........................................................................................................ 121 PostProcessing of Icepak Results ............................................................................................. 123 Thermal Results From Icepak to Mechanical ............................................................................. 124 Icepak in ANSYS Workbench Tutorial ....................................................................................... 125 Mechanical APDL .......................................................................................................................... 136 Mechanical Model ........................................................................................................................ 140 Mesh ............................................................................................................................................ 141 Microsoft Office Excel ................................................................................................................... 142 Preparing the Excel file ............................................................................................................ 142 Set Up the Excel Calculator ...................................................................................................... 143 Support of Units ..................................................................................................................... 144 File management and modification of the worksheet .............................................................. 145 Limitations ............................................................................................................................. 145 Troubleshooting ..................................................................................................................... 145 POLYFLOW ................................................................................................................................... 145 Results ......................................................................................................................................... 146 TurboGrid ..................................................................................................................................... 147 Vista TF ......................................................................................................................................... 147 Custom Systems ................................................................................................................................. 147 Design Exploration ............................................................................................................................. 149 ANSYS Workbench Tutorials ...................................................................................................................... 151 Glossary ................................................................................................................................................... 153 Index ........................................................................................................................................................ 155

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Overview
ANSYS Workbench combines the strength of our core product solvers with the project management tools necessary to manage the project workflow. In ANSYS Workbench, analyses are built as systems, which can be combined into a project. The project is driven by a schematic workflow that manages the connections between the systems. From the schematic, you can interact with applications that are native to ANSYS Workbench (called workspaces) and that display within the ANSYS Workbench interface, and you can launch applications that are data-integrated with ANSYS Workbench, meaning the interface remains separate, but the data from the application communicates with the native ANSYS Workbench data. Native workspaces include Project Schematic, Engineering Data, and Design Exploration (Parameters and Design Points). Data-integrated applications include the Mechanical APDL application (formerly ANSYS), ANSYS FLUENT, ANSYS CFX, the Mechanical application (formerly Simulation), etc.

Getting Started
Projects in ANSYS Workbench are built by adding and connecting systems. Each system is displayed in the Project Schematic as a block of cells. You complete your analyses by working through each cell in order. In general, data flows from the top to bottom within systems and from left to right between systems. Output data from upstream cells is provided as input data to downstream cells. The following example shows two systems in the Project Schematic. The geometry from the Geometry cell in the first system becomes the input for the Mesh cell in that system. The mesh generated in the Mesh cell becomes input to the Setup cell, and so on. Note also that these two systems share the same geometry (as indicated by the connector with the square terminator), and the solution data from the Solution cell of the Fluid Flow (FLUENT) system provides input data to the Setup cell of the Static Structural system (as shown by the connector with the round terminator). At a glance, you can see the relationship between the two types of analysis systems. Icons on the right side of each cell indicate the current state of the cell.

You can add systems to the schematic or move them around to create the project workflow that best represents your needs. For detailed information on how to build and work with systems, see Working in ANSYS Workbench.

Drag-and-Drop Object Handling
One of the easiest ways to work with systems in the project schematic is to drag-and-drop. Drag-and-drop operations can be used to introduce systems to the schematic, move systems around, and to form connections between existing systems. For example, to add a system to the Project Schematic, place your cursor over the name of the desired system in the Toolbox, and while holding the left mouse button down, drag the system onto the desired location in the Project Schematic. This method offers you the flexibility to preview
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Overview multiple locations where the system could be added and choose the best location for that system. The green boxes in the example below indicate possible drop targets when dragging a Static Structural system from the Toolbox when a Fluid Flow system is already in place.

If you move the mouse over one of the drop targets, the box will change to red and text will indicate the result of dropping at that location (as shown below).

For detailed information on adding, moving, and deleting systems, see Working in ANSYS Workbench.

Right Mouse Button Usage
ANSYS Workbench allows you to access a significant portion of the functionality via the right mouse button. From almost any location in the Project Schematic, you can click the right mouse button to see a list of context-sensitive options.

Some options are common across different types of systems, and some options are unique to the specific cell or system and its current state. For more information on using context menus, see Context Menu Options.

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface
The ANSYS Workbench interface consists primarily of a Toolbox region, the Project Schematic, the Toolbar, and the Menu bar. Depending on the analysis type and/or application or workspace, you may also see other windows, tables, charts, etc. One way to work in ANSYS Workbench is to drag an item such as a component or analysis system from the Toolbox to the Project Schematic or to double-click on an item to initiate the default action. You can also use the context menus, accessible from a right-mouse click, for additional options. You will view your analysis systems -- the components that make up your analysis -- in the Project Schematic, including all connections and links between the systems. The individual applications in which you work will display separately from the ANSYS Workbench GUI, but the results of the actions you take in the applications may be reflected in the Project Schematic.

The following GUI components are discussed in more detail: Toolbox Project Schematic The Toolbar The Menu Bar Working with Views and Workspaces Using the Chart View Working with Units

Toolbox
The ANSYS Workbench Toolbox presents the types of data that you can add to your project. The Toolbox is context-sensitive; as you select different items in the Project Schematic or other workspaces, the contents of the Toolbox may change to reflect the components and actions available to you. When working in other workspaces, such as Engineering Data or Parameters, you can return to the Project Workspace by clicking the Return to Project button on the Toolbar.

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

When you initially enter ANSYS Workbench, the Toolbox contains the system templates that you can add to your project (including standard and custom templates). To build a project, drag templates onto the Project Schematic or double-click to add a new template. Dragging a template onto the Project Schematic allows you to choose where to place the template, and based on your choice, automatically creates the appropriate data shares and transfers. Double-clicking will always add a new system (or systems) and will never create data shares or transfers with any existing systems. See Working Through an Analysis System (p. 54) for more detailed information on building and linking systems. By default, systems are arranged by system type into one of the following groups: ? Analysis Systems (p. 95) -- You will typically use this core set of templates to build your project. Place these templates in the project schematic to create a system or linked systems with all the necessary components (geometry through post-processing) defined and ready to be populated. Component Systems (p. 108) -- These system templates are generally used as component building blocks of a project and represent only a subset of a complete analysis. For example, use a Geometry system to define your geometry. That system can then be connected to several downstream systems, indicating that the downstream systems share the same geometry source. These system templates also include data-integrated software programs that exist outside ANSYS Workbench as independent applications, allowing you to use ANSYS Workbench to manage your analysis data and files. This feature is useful for products such as the Mechanical APDL application, which uses numerous files during an analysis. Custom Systems (p. 147) -- Initially, this group contains a selected set of pre-defined coupled system templates. These systems contain more than one system block with predefined data connections. You can also create your own project templates, which will then be stored here. Design Exploration (p. 149) -- Use these options to perform various Design Exploration studies. When added to the Project Schematic, each of these systems will be connected by a Parameter Set bus bar.

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The individual templates you see under the various Toolbox groups will depend on which products you have installed. If you do not have a product installed, you will not see that product's options in the Toolbox. This document discusses all possible choices. For more information on a product that you see discussed in the documentation but do not see in your Toolbox, please contact your ANSYS, Inc. sales representative.

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Systems and Cells You can also click the View All / Customize button at the bottom of the Toolbox to see a list of all functionality available in ANSYS Workbench. Any items that you select from this list will then appear in your Toolbox.

Project Schematic
The Project Schematic captures the structure and workflow of your project, providing a visual representation of the objects in the project and their relationship to each other. Analyses are shown as systems, which are comprised of individual cells. Projects can vary in complexity, from a single system representing all the necessary steps for a desired analysis, to a complex set of connected (linked) systems representing coupled analysis or variations in modeling approaches. For example, the project schematic shown below represents a coupled fluid/structural analysis, and the links between the systems represent data relationships. The link with the square terminator indicates that the two systems share a common geometry. The link with the round terminator indicates that solution data from the Fluid Flow system is transferred as a load to the setup of the Static Structural system.

To start a project, drag a template or object from the Toolbox into the Project Schematic or right-click in the Schematic white space and select an analysis type from the context menu. As you build your project, associations and connections will be automatically maintained and updated. See Working Through an Analysis System (p. 54) for more detailed information on building and linking systems. The following Project Schematic topics are discussed in more detail: Systems and Cells Project Schematic Links Context Menu Options

Systems and Cells
Each item that you add to your project from the Toolbox is represented as a system. A system is comprised of individual components called cells. To define the details of a simulation, you generally interact with systems at the cell level. Use a right mouse click to expose a context-sensitive menu of options, called a context menu, specific to that system or cell. Double-click a cell to initiate the default action (shown in the context menu in bold). Via a cell, you might: ? ? ? ? launch a data-integrated application or workspace add connecting systems, either upstream or downstream assign input or reference files assign properties to components of your analysis

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface Each cell has an application or workspace associated with it. Some cells are associated with data-integrated applications such as, ANSYS FLUENT or the Mechanical application; these applications launch in a separate window. Some cells, such as Engineering Data or Parameters, are associated with workspaces (an arrangement of views contained within the Workbench window, see Working with Views and Workspaces (p. 23)). In some cases, multiple cells in a system will be associated with the same application. Icons for each cell indicate that particular cell's state (i.e., needs attention, up-to-date, etc.). See Understanding Cell States (p. 9) for a detailed explanation of states. The example Modal system shown illustrates cells in different states.

To display a quick help panel for the cell, left- or right-mouse click on the blue triangle in the lower right corner of the cell (where available). The quick help will explain any immediate action that needs to be taken and includes links to more detailed help. The following Systems and Cells topics are discussed below: Types of Cells Understanding Cell States

Types of Cells
The following common types of cells occur in many of the analysis and component systems available in ANSYS Workbench; how you work with them is explained below. Other cell types may be available in certain systems; see the application-specific documentation under Systems for these cell descriptions. Engineering Data Geometry Model/Mesh Setup Solution Results

Engineering Data
Use the Engineering Data cell with Mechanical systems or the Engineering Data component system to define or access material models for use in an analysis. Double-click the Engineering Data cell, or right-mouse click and choose Edit from the context menu to display the Engineering Data workspace to define material data. For more information, see Engineering Data.

Geometry
Use the Geometry cell to import, create, edit or update the geometry model used for analysis. Right-mouse click to display the context menu to access these functions. The right mouse button options are context sensitive and will change as the state of your geometry changes. All geometry-specific options are described here; not all will be available at all times. These options are in addition to the common options described in Common Context Menu Options (p. 13) and Transfer Context Menu Options (p. 16). The SpaceClaim Direct

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Systems and Cells Modeler features are available only if you have SpaceClaim Direct Modeler installed and the ANSYS SpaceClaim Direct Modeler license available. New Geometry (or New DesignModeler Geometry/New SpaceClaim Direct Modeler Geometry) Launches DesignModeler or SpaceClaim Direct Modeler, where you can build a new geometry. Import Geometry Select Browse to open a dialog box that allows you to navigate to an existing geometry file, or select a file from the list of recently viewed files. Edit (or Edit Geometry in DesignModeler/Edit Geometry in SpaceClaim Direct Modeler) After you have attached a geometry to your system by choosing either New Geometry or Import Geometry, click Edit to open the model in DesignModeler or SpaceClaim Direct Modeler to modify it. Replace Geometry Select Browse to open a dialog box that allows you to navigate to an existing geometry file, or select a file from the list of recently viewed files to replace the currently specified file. Update from CAD Generates an existing CAD geometry using the parameter values as defined in the CAD system. Refresh Reads in all modified upstream data but does not regenerate the geometry. Enabled when the Geometry cell is in the Refresh Required state. Properties Displays a Properties pane where you can select basic and advanced geometry properties. For a detailed description of the options available from the Properties pane, see Geometry Preferences in the CAD Integration section of the ANSYS Workbench help.

Model/Mesh
The Model cell in the Mechanical application analysis systems or the Mechanical Model component system is associated with the Model branch in the Mechanical application and affects the definition of the geometry, coordinate systems, connections and mesh branches of the model definition. When linking two systems, you cannot create a share between the Model cells of two established systems. You can generate a second system that is linked at the Model cell of the first system, but you cannot add a share after the second system has been created. Likewise, you cannot delete a link between the Model cells of two systems. The Mesh cell in Fluid Flow analysis systems or the Mesh component system is used to create a mesh using the Meshing application. It can also be used to import an existing mesh file. Edit Launches the appropriate Model or Mesh application (the Mechanical application, Meshing, etc.)

Setup
Use the Setup cell to launch the appropriate application for that system. You will define your loads, boundary conditions, and otherwise configure your analysis in the application. The data from the application will then be incorporated in the project in ANSYS Workbench, including connections between systems. For the Mechanical application systems, you will see the following Setup options, in addition to the common options:

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface Edit Launches the Mechanical application with the geometry loaded and with cells mapped to their respective tree locations in the Mechanical application. For CFX systems, you will see the following Setup options, in addition to the common options: Edit Launches CFX-Pre. Import Case Imports an existing case file containing physics data, region and mesh information for your analysis. For FLUENT systems, you will see the following Setup options, in addition to the common options: Edit Launches ANSYS FLUENT. Import Case Imports an existing FLUENT case file.

Solution
From the Solution cell, you can access the Solution branch of your application, and you can share solution data with other downstream systems (for instance, you can specify the solution from one analysis as input conditions to another analysis). If you have an analysis running as a remote process, you will see the Solution cell in a pending state until the remote process completes. See the discussion on Understanding Cell States (p. 9), below. For the Mechanical application systems, you will see the following Setup options, in addition to the common options described earlier: Edit Launches the Mechanical application open to the Solution branch. Delete Deletes the Solution and Results cell. Deleting the solution cell makes the system a setup-only system, meaning the system will generate only an input file. It will not solve or post results. The Solution object and below are removed from the Mechanical application tree. For CFX systems, you will see the following Solution options, in addition to the common options: Edit Launches CFX-Solver Manager. Import Solution Displays the Open dialog, where you can specify the CFX Solver Results file to load. When the results file is loaded, the system will display only the Solution cell and the Results cell. Display Monitors Opens the ANSYS CFX-Solver Manager and shows the results of the previous run. For FLUENT systems, you will see the following Solution options, in addition to the common options: Edit Launches ANSYS FLUENT. Import Initial Data Allows you to select an existing FLUENT data file to use for initialization.

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Systems and Cells

Results
The Results cell indicates the availability and status of the analysis results (commonly referred to as postprocessing). From the Results cell, you cannot share data with any other system.

Understanding Cell States
ANSYS Workbench integrates multiple applications into a single, seamless project flow, where individual cells can obtain data from and provide data to other cells. As a result of this flow of data, a cell's state can change in response to changes made to the project. ANSYS Workbench provides visual indications of a cell's state at any given time via icons on the right side of each cell. Descriptions of the various cell states follow.

Typical Cell States
Unfulfilled Required upstream data does not exist. Some applications may not allow you to open them with the cell in this state. For example, if you have not yet assigned a geometry to a system, all downstream cells will appear as unfulfilled, because they cannot progress until you assign a geometry. Refresh Required Upstream data has changed since the last refresh or update. You may or may not need to regenerate output data. When a cell is in a refresh required state, you generally have several options: ? ? You can edit the cell and choose to review the unrefreshed data. You can refresh the data, which will read the upstream data, but will not perform any long running operation. For instance, if the geometry changed, thus placing the Mesh cell in a Refresh Required state, a refresh on the mesh cell would update the geometry without generating a new mesh (which could potentially be a lengthy operation). Update the cell, which would refresh the data and regenerate any output data.

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The advantage to simply refreshing a cell rather than performing a full update is that you can be alerted to potential effects on downstream cells before updating and can make any necessary adjustments. This option is especially useful if you have a complex system in which an update could take significant time and/or computer resources. Attention Required All of the cell’s inputs are current; however, you must take a corrective action to proceed. To complete the corrective action, you may need to interact with this cell or with an upstream cell that provides data to this cell. Cells in this state cannot be updated until the corrective action is taken. This state can also signify that no upstream data is available, but you can still interact with the cell. For instance, some applications support an “empty” mode of operation, in which it is possible to enter the application and perform operations regardless of the consumption of upstream data. Update Required Signifies that local data has changed and the output of the cell needs to be regenerated. When updating a Refresh Required cell, the Refresh operation will be performed and then the Update operation will be performed.

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

Up to Date An Update has been performed on the cell and no failures have occurred. It is possible to edit the cell and for the cell to provide up-to-date generated data to other cells. Input Changes Pending Indicates that the cell is locally up-to-date but may change when next updated as a result of changes made to upstream cells.

Solution-Specific States
In addition, the Solution or Analysis cell for certain solvers may support the following solution-specific states. Interrupted Indicates that you have interrupted the solution. This option performs a graceful stop of the solver, which will complete its current iteration and write a solution file. You can use that solution for postprocessing (to look at the intermediate result, for example). You could also elect to continue to solve from that point using the Resume or Update function. Pending Signifies that a batch or asynchronous solution is in progress. When a cell enters the Pending state, you can interact with the project to exit ANSYS Workbench or work with other parts of the project. If you make changes to the project that are upstream of the updating cell, then the cell will not be in an upto-date state when the solution completes.

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Systems and Cells

Note
When up-to-date cells are connected to cells in a different type of system, the state of the up-todate cells may change to update required. This behavior occurs because additional files have to be generated to satisfy the newly-added system. For example, if you build a Fluid Flow (CFX) system that is up-to-date, as shown below,

and then connect the mesh to a Fluid Flow (FLUENT), the mesh files for CFX Setup are the only files that will have been generated by the update process. After connecting another system to the up-to-date Mesh cell, the Mesh cell transitions to the Update Required state to signify that additional files must be generated in order to satisfy the FLUENT system.

The cells already connected to the Mesh cell will transition to the Refresh Required state after the Mesh cell is updated, and updating the project will unnecessarily re-update the previously up-to-date cells (CFX Setup, Solution, and Results). As such, if this is the desired project structure, we recommend that you establish the connection to the FLUENT system before updating components downstream of the Mesh in the Fluid Flow (CFX) system in this example.

Failure States
If a particular action fails, ANSYS Workbench provides a visual indication as well. Failure states are described below. Refresh Failed, Refresh Required The last attempt to refresh cell input data failed and the cell remains in a refresh required state. Update Failed, Update Required The last attempt to update the cell and calculate output data failed and the cell remains in an update required state.
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The ANSYS Workbench Interface Update Failed, Attention Required The last attempt to update the cell and calculate output data failed. The cell remains in an attention required state. If an action results in a failure state, you can view any related error messages in the Messages pane by clicking the Show Messages button on the lower right portion of the ANSYS Workbench window.

Project Schematic Links
Links connecting systems represent data sharing or data transfer between the systems. The primary kinds of links that may be shown in the project schematic include: ? ? ? ? ? Links indicating that data is shared between systems. These links are shown with square terminators; see the figure below. Links indicating data is transferred from an upstream system to a downstream system. These links are shown with round terminators; see the figure below. Links indicating a system is consuming input parameters. These links connect systems to the Parameter Set bar and are drawn with arrows going into the system, as shown in the figure below. Links indicating a system is providing output parameters. These links connect systems to the Parameter Set bar and are drawn with arrows coming out of the system, as shown in the figure below. Links that indicate a Design Exploration system is connected to project parameters. These links connect Design Exploration systems to the Parameter Set bar, as shown with systems D and E in the figure below.

Additional information on working with these kinds of links can be found in Creating and Linking a Second System (p. 58), Duplicating, Moving, Deleting, and Replacing Systems (p. 60) and Working with Parameters and Design Points (p. 83). Some additional details on Working with Shared Data Links (p. 12) can be found below.

Working with Shared Data Links
Links that are drawn with a square terminator indicate that data is shared between the two systems. Only one instance of the data exists and it is shared between the connected systems. In order to edit the details 12
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Context Menu Options of that data, you must edit the cell on the upstream system connected via these links. In the example shown in the figure above, the Geometry cell from system A is shared with the Geometry cell in system B, which is in turn shared with the Geometry cell of system C. In order to edit the geometry for ANY of these systems, you must initiate the edit operation from the Geometry cell in system A (by double-clicking on the cell or right-clicking on the cell and selecting Edit from the context menu). In many cases, it is possible to delete shared data links by right-clicking on the link and selecting Delete from the context menu. The data associated with the cell in the upstream system will be copied to the downstream system so the cells can be edited independently. In some cases, you will not be able to delete links. In these cases, the linked cells in the downstream system will be shown with a gray background (as shown in systems C and E, above).

Context Menu Options
Context menus are accessed by right-mouse clicking on a GUI component, such as a cell or a link. Context menu options provide capabilities work with your existing systems or to add to and modify projects.

Some context menu options are common across ANSYS Workbench. The standard context menu options that are discussed in this section include: Common Context Menu Options (p. 13) Transfer Context Menu Options (p. 16) System Header Context Menu Options (p. 17) Project Schematic White Space Context Menu Options (p. 17) Link Context Menu Options (p. 19)

Common Context Menu Options
In addition to the menu items that are unique to each system or cell, some of the options on the contextsensitive menu are available with most systems and cells. They include: Duplicate Creates a new system that is a duplicate of the selected system. All data associated with unshared cells in the system is copied to the duplicate system: all data above the cell from which the duplicate operation was initiated is shared; data at and below the cell from which the duplicate operation was initiated is copied. See Duplicating, Moving, Deleting, and Replacing Systems (p. 60) for more information on duplicating systems. Update Refreshes input data (see Refresh, below) and generates required output data. Any upstream cells upon which the cell is dependent will also be updated. Update is not possible on a cell if another update is
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The ANSYS Workbench Interface currently running on the cell or on any of the upstream cells. If a project contains multiple design points, this option updates only the current design point. If a system contains a coupled cell, the Update option on the coupled cell will be disabled. To update the system that contains a coupled cell, you must update the coupled system so that both the coupled cell and all cells dependent on the coupled cell can be updated. If a project is unsaved and any cells in your project are configured to use RSM or run in the background, you must save the project or change the solution process settings of those cells to run in the foreground before you can update. Rename Renames the system or cell. Refresh Reads in all modified upstream data but does not necessarily regenerate the outputs of the cell. Quick Help Displays a quick help panel for the cell, if available. Quick help provides a brief description of how to use the cell in its current state. You can also left or right-click on the blue triangle (where available) in the lower right corner of a cell to view quick help. Properties Displays applicable cell properties in the Properties pane. Recently Used Lists all recently used files. Two additional items that are available with most context menus are: Clear Generated Data Removes or erases any data that the cell has generated or is to generate and store if any such data is present. This data can include mesh, input files, solver files, etc. Clear may alter the state of the current cell and cells downstream from the selected cell. Reset Removes or erases both input and output data to the cell and sets the cell state back to default. Any reference files are removed. Reset may alter the state of cells downstream from the selected cell. If you have two systems that share cells, reset is not available from the cells that are shared, only from the source (the cell that is being shared from). Important Note For some systems, these two context menu options result in specific behavior depending on the selected cell and in some cases specific system data (such as existing links). Please refer to the following table for specific actions. Cell Geometry Model Deletes mesh, input files, and solver files. Cleans results. Data Clear Generated Data Reset Clears the geometry source and rests geometry properties to defaults. Closes the Mechanical session (if open) and deletes the .mechdb from disk. System is in a state as if the geometry was never attached. Deletes any objects under the Environment (like loads and supports).

Mechanical systems

Setup

Deletes input and solver files. Cleans results.

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Context Menu Options Cell Solution Data Clear Generated Data Deletes solver files. Cleans results. Input files (e.g., ds.dat, CARep.xml) are left intact. Cleans any solved results. Solver files are left intact. Imported Temperature: One- way FSI input Imported Temperature: Thermal stress Link to FE Modeler Link to CFX Link to Mechanical APDL Link to FE Modeler Link to Mechanical APDL Link to Mechanical APDL Cleans imported load and deletes transfer xml file. User specifications (like scoping) are intact. Cleans imported load and deletes transfer xml file. User specifications (like scoping) are intact. Deletes SYS.cmdb. Deletes SYS.cmdb. Deletes SYS.cdb. Deletes .mechdb. No additional action required (ds.dat is the natural output from the Setup cell). No additional action required (file.rst is the natural output from the Solution cell). Deletes ANSYS-generated files (created during Update or Edit). Files added via input links or Add xxx File are left intact. Reset Set values in "Analysis Settings" back to defaults. Deletes any results, probes, or post tools from Mechanical. Deletes the Import Load from Mechanical and also deletes CFD result file from disk. State on Setup cell goes to Refresh Required. No additional action required.

Results Setup

Setup

Model Model Model Setup Setup

No additional action required. No additional action required. No additional action required. No additional action required. No additional action required.

Solution

No additional action required.

Mechanical APDL Analysis Deletes all files in the APDL System directory and resets any properties (as set in the Property view) back to default. Any schematic input links remain intact and the needed files are copied back into the system upon Refresh. Any manually- added files (Add Input/Reference) will be deleted and removed from Outline view. Deletes .fedb and sets any properties (Properties view) back to default. No additional action required. No additional action required.

FE Modeler Model Model Model Link to Engineering Data Link to Mechanical Model cell Link to Geometry No additional action required. Deletes FiniteElementModelMaterials.xml. Deletes FEModelerFile.rsx, FEModelerFile.fedb,ACMOFile.dat. Deletes ParasolidFile.x_t.

Model

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface Cell Model FLUENT Setup Link to imported case and other input files, settings, and possibly other input files Closes FLUENT session without saving data. Deletes all internal files. Links to imported files are deleted (but file is not deleted.) If Mesh is coming from an upstream simulation Mesh cell, the file is unregistered and might get deleted if the upstream Mesh cell no longer refers to it. All associated input parameters are deleted. Launcher settings are set to default value. Closes session without saving data. Deletes all files currently associated with the cell (latest available solution data). Any schematic input links will remain intact. Closes session without saving data. Deletes all files currently associated with the cell (latest available solution data). Any schematic input links will remain intact. Any imported initial solution data file will be unregistered. (Only link is removed; file is not deleted.) All associated output parameters are deleted. Launcher settings are set to default value. Data Link to Mechanical APDL Clear Generated Data Deletes ANSYSInputFile.inp. Reset

Solution

Internal, link to initialization data

Transfer Context Menu Options
In addition, many cells will also include transfer options in their context menu:

Transfer Data from New... Creates an upstream system that can provide data to the selected cell. Only those systems that can provide valid data to the selected cell are shown. When you choose a system from the options shown here, that system will appear to the left of the currently-selected system, with all appropriate connections drawn. Transfer Data to New... Creates a downstream system that can accept data from the selected cell. Only those systems that can accept data from the selected cell are shown. When you choose a system from the options shown here, that system will appear to the right of the currently-selected system, with all appropriate connections drawn. Transfer Data options are available only from root cells. If a cell is derived from an upstream cell (for example, when two systems share a geometry), you can transfer data only to/from the originating cell.
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Context Menu Options

System Header Context Menu Options
The following options are available from the context menu for system headers.

Refresh Refreshes all cells in the selected system. Update Updates all cells in the selected system, along with any cells in upstream systems that provide data to them. Duplicate Duplicates all cells. No data will be shared between the two systems. Equivalent to issuing a duplicate on the first cell of the system. Replace with Allows you to switch analysis or solver type for an existing system. This functionality is available only from systems that use the Mechanical application. Valid systems that can replace the existing system are listed in the context menu. Delete Deletes the system from the schematic. You will be prompted to confirm the deletion before any action is taken. Recreate Deleted Cells If cells have been removed from the system by a cell-level delete operation or automatically when a self-contained file is loaded into the cell which renders upstream cells unnecessary (such as importing a case file into a CFX setup system), this operation creates new cells at the points where the previous cells were removed. Rename Renames the system. Properties Displays system properties in the Properties pane.

Project Schematic White Space Context Menu Options
Right-mouse click on the white space in the Project Schematic for the following options. Not all menu options may be visible at all times, depending on the specific configuration of your project.

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

Resume Resumes design point updates that were pending when the project was closed. This option is available only if the project has design points that are paused due to cells in a Pending state. Refresh Project Refreshes all cells in the project. Reconnect Reconnects to updates that were pending when the project was closed. This option is available only if the project has cells in the Pending state. Upon opening a project, ANSYS Workbench automatically retrieves the data for any completed background update without the need for you to press the Reconnect button. If you decline to save the project before exiting, this solver data will be discarded and will not be accessible in future ANSYS Workbench sessions. Update All Design Points Performs an update for the selected entry for all design points defined in the Design Point table (available only if Parameters are in use and multiple Design Points exist). Update Project Refreshes input data and generates required output data for all cells in the project. If a project contains multiple design points, this option updates only the current design point. Add to Custom You can set up one or more systems with all appropriate connections that represents a project or collection of systems you frequently work with. Use this option to add this collection to your custom templates for easy reuse. New system type... Select a new type of system to add to the project. Systems added in this manner will appear as independent systems with no connections to existing systems. The choices are the same as you would see in the Toolbox. Show Connections Bundled Select this option to show multiple links connecting two systems bundled together in a single link, with a label indicating what cells are connected. For example, if cells 2, 3, and 4 are connected between two systems, the schematic would show a single line connecting the systems, labeled as “2:4” to indicate cells 2-4. This option is off by default. Show System Coordinates Select this option to display the system row and column labels. This option is selected by default.

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The Menu Bar Fit Select this option to resize the systems in the Project Schematic to better fit in the window as it is currently sized.

Link Context Menu Options
You can right-mouse click on a link to see additional context menu options:

Delete Deletes the selected link. Properties Displays detailed information about the link, including the type of link, the origination cell of the link, and the destination cell. Details are shown in the Properties window.

The Toolbar
The Toolbar gives you access to some of the most commonly used functions.

Click one of the toolbar buttons to perform the following actions: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Open a new or existing project Save a project under the same name or a different name Reconnect to updates that were pending when the project was closed. This option is available only if the project has cells in the Pending state. Refresh a project Update the project Imports a legacy database Set your workspace to compact or full mode Return to the standard project workspace view (from a different workspace view)

In addition, if you are using parameters and design points in your project, you may see additional Toolbar functions: ? ? ? Resume design point updates that were pending when the project was closed. This option is available only if the project has design points that are paused due to cells in a Pending state. Update all design points in a project that are in an Update Required state. This option is available only when the project contains multiple design points. Project indicator to indicate that the project workspace is currently active.

The Menu Bar
The Menu Bar gives you access to: File Menu
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The ANSYS Workbench Interface View Menu Tools Menu Units Menu Help Menu

File Menu
From the File menu, you can manage your project files: New Open a new project. If you already have a project open, this action will close the current project. Open Open an existing project that had been saved previously. If you already have a project open, this action will close the current project. Save Saves the current project. If the current project has already been saved, this action will save any changes to the current location. If the current project has not already been saved, you will be prompted to specify a name and location for the file. Save As Saves the current project under a different name and/or location. You will be prompted to specify the name and location for the file. Save to Teamcenter Teamcenter Engineering is a software package designed for computer-aided product data management. Use this option to save the current project into the Teamcenter Engineering database. You can then open the project dataset in ANSYS Workbench. For more information on using the ANSYS Teamcenter Engineering connection, see the CAD Integration section of the ANSYS Workbench help. Import Imports a legacy database and converts it to the appropriate system(s) in the current project. You can also use this option to assemble multiple legacy databases into a single project. Archive Generates a single archive file that contains all project files. This archive will include the project file and all files in the project name_files directory with a few optional additions/exceptions that you can specify: ? ? result/solution items imported files external to the project

? items in the user_files folder The archive will be saved as a Workbench Project Archive (.wbpz) or a Zip (.zip/.tar.gz) file. Previously imported external files from a restored archive directory are treated as internal files if archived again. See Archiving Projects (p. 73) for details on archiving projects. Restore Archive Restores a previously-generated archive file. After you select the project archive to be restored, you will be prompted for the name and location where the restored file(s) are to be located. After the archive is extracted, the project will open in ANSYS Workbench.

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View Menu You can also extract the archive manually by using an unzip utility, and then opening the .wbpj file. Scripting Use this option to record a journal of your session, execute a journal or script, or open a Python command window. Choose one of the following options: ? ? ? ? Record Journal: Creates a journal of the ANSYS Workbench session. Stop Recording Journal: Stops recording of the current session. Run Script File: Runs a previously-created journal or script. Open Command Window: Opens a Python command window for issuing ANSYS Workbench commands.

You can also select from a list of previously-used journals. For more information on recording journals and creating scripts for reuse, see Using Journals and Scripts (p. 68). EKM EKM Desktop is a stand-alone EKM offering that is installed with ANSYS Workbench and allows you to manage your simulation files either on your local machine or on a remote EKM repository. EKM Desktop offers a subset of the functionality provided by the EKM server products, primarily meta-data extraction and reporting on and searching for simulation files. This submenu provides access to the EKM Desktop options as listed below. For more information on using these options, please see the EKM Desktop documentation. Upload This action allows you to upload the current project to a remote EKM repository. When you select Upload, a dialog opens in which you can choose to include result/solution files. You can also copy external files under the import_files folder and update the current project so that it can be opened independently by other users of the EKM repository to which the current project will be uploaded. Download This action allows you to download files from a remote repository. Send Changes to EKM This action allows you to send changes in the current project to EKM. When you initially upload a project to EKM or download a project from EKM, you can choose to remember the EKM location where the project is uploaded so that the next time you can upload changes to the current project. Get Changes from EKM You can get changes from the repository since the last upload or download if the EKM location was remembered during the last upload/download. Launch EKM Desktop Launches the EKM Desktop product in a separate window. Recently Viewed Files Shows the four most recently-opened projects. Exit Exits and closes ANSYS Workbench. You will be prompted to save any unsaved data.

View Menu
Use these options to control the window layout.

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface Refresh Updates the view. Compact Mode Hides the Toolbox, Menu bar, and Toolbar, leaving just the Project Schematic as a “floating” window . Compact mode is available only on Windows systems. For more information on using Compact Mode, see Working with Views and Workspaces (p. 23). Reset Workspace Restores the current workspace layout to default settings. Reset Window Layout Restores the original window layout. List of Views All ANSYS Workbench GUI views are listed. You can select which view(s) you want to display. Any changes you make to views are carried forward to subsequent ANSYS Workbench sessions. For a detailed description of the individual GUI views listed here, see Working with Views and Workspaces (p. 23). Show Connections Bundled Shows multiple links connecting systems as a single link where possible. A bundled connection includes a label indicating the shared cells (e.g., “2-4” indicates that cells 2, 3, and 4 are shared between systems) Show System Coordinates Shows the alphanumeric column and row headings for each system. This option is selected by default.

Tools Menu
Use these options to update your project and to set your user preferences. Reconnect Reconnects to updates that were pending when the project was closed. This option is available only if the project has cells in the Pending state. After reconnecting to pending solution data, it is important to save the project. If you decline to save the project before exiting, this solver data will be discarded and will not be accessible in future ANSYS Workbench sessions. Refresh Project Refreshes all cells in the project that are in a Refresh Required state. Resume Resumes design point updates that were pending when the project was closed. This option is available only if the project has design points that are paused due to cells in a Pending state. Update All Design Points Updates all design points in a project that are in an Update Required state. This option is available only when the project contains multiple design points. Update Project Updates all cells in the project that are in an Update Required state. Abandon Pending Updates Use this option if you have a remote or background solve process (some component or components in the project were saved in a Pending state) and attempts to reconnect have failed. This option will ignore any results calculated thus far and return the project its normal state. If you use this option, you may need to manually remove processes that were not stopped or files that were not removed.

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Working with Views and Workspaces License Preferences Opens the License Preferences for User dialog box. Use this dialog box to specify which licenses at your site you want to be able to use, and to specify which licensing method to use. For details on using the License Preferences for User dialog box, click Help in the dialog box or see Using Software Licensing in ANSYS Workbench (p. 47). Launch Remote Solve Manager Launches the Remote Solve Manager (RSM) interface. With the RSM user interface, you can filter jobs by status, manage queues and servers of local and remote solve managers, monitor the progress of jobs, and delete jobs. For detailed information on running RSM, please see the Remote Solve Manager (RSM) help. Options Defines your preferences for ANSYS Workbench. The preferences you set here are local settings and affect only you. For detailed descriptions of the Options settings, see Setting ANSYS Workbench Options.

Units Menu
Use this menu to select the Units system you want to use. In addition to selecting the Units systems, you can also specify the following: Display Values as Defined The value and unit as defined in ANSYS Workbench or the original source application will be displayed. No conversion information is displayed. Display Values in Project Units The value will be converted for display to correspond to the selected project unit system. Unit Systems Allows you to access the Unit Systems dialog, where you can choose to display any or all of the predefined unit systems. Quantity names and units for each of the predefined unit systems is also shown. You can also define custom unit systems as well. For custom unit systems, you can define the units for each quantity name. You can display up to 15 unit systems (any combination of predefined or custom) at a time. For detailed information on working with units in ANSYS Workbench, see Working with Units (p. 36).

Help Menu
Use this option to access help for ANSYS Workbench or to access help for most ANSYS, Inc. products, including Installation and Licensing help. You can also view context-sensitive help and view the version information.

Working with Views and Workspaces
The ANSYS Workbench window uses multiple views that can be used together or independently. When you first start ANSYS Workbench, the Toolbox and the Project Schematic views are shown by default. The display of these and other views can be controlled directly via the View menu for the following views: ? ? ? ? ? Toolbox Toolbox Customization Project Schematic Files Properties

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface ? ? ? ? ? ? Outline Table Chart Messages Progress Sidebar Help

Some analysis tasks are hosted within the ANSYS Workbench window and have an associated arrangement of views, called a workspace. Workspaces in ANSYS Workbench currently include the following: ? ? ? ? Engineering Data, accessed via the Engineering Data cell in associated systems in the Project Schematic Parameters, accessed via the Parameter Set bus bar or the Parameters cell in the Project Schematic Design Exploration, accessed from cells in Design Exploration systems The Project workspace itself

You can switch from the project workspace to another workspace by double-clicking on the associated entity in the Project Schematic or by selecting Edit from the context menu. Once in any of the workspaces, you can return to the Project workspace by clicking on Return To Project in the toolbar. The Project workspace can also be used in Compact Mode on Windows systems. The configuration and persistence of the views across workspaces varies to give you the maximum flexibility in customizing your views. Configuration of each view includes attributes such as visibility, floating/docked state, and size. Some views are persistent across the project workspace and the application workspaces: Messages, Progress, and Sidebar Help panes remain as you've specified as you navigate between workspaces in ANSYS Workbench. For example, if you choose to show the Progress pane while in the project workspace, it will remain visible in Engineering Data, Parameters, and Design Exploration. The Project Schematic will be remembered across the application workspaces, but independently of the project workspace. For example, if you show the Project Schematic while in the Design Exploration workspace, and then move to the Engineering Data workspace, you will still see the Project Schematic. If you then hide the Project Schematic while in the Engineering Data workspace and then return to the project workspace, the Project Schematic will still be visible in the project workspace. Some views are defined per workspace, allowing you to customize the layouts for each workspace as appropriate for the data you are viewing. Table, Chart, Outline, and Properties, as well as the Toolbox, are defined per workspace. For example, if you are working in the Parameters workspace and you resize the Table pane, the resizing is specific to the Parameters workspace. If you switch to the Engineering Data workspace, even though it also contains a Table pane, the Table represents different data and will not reflect any resizing you did in Parameters. When you return to the Parameters workspace, you will see the resized Table pane.

Toolbox Customization View
This feature allows you to customize your Toolbox to include only those systems that you use the most, or to add systems that aren't currently displayed. This view shows a list of all functionality available in ANSYS Workbench. Select items that you want to appear in your Toolbox, or deselect items you don't want to appear.

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Properties View

Files View
Select this view to see a list of all files associated with the project. You will be able to see the name and type of file, the ID of the cell(s) the file is associated with, the size of the file, the location of the file, and other information.

Files added to the project will appear here. Files missing or deleted from the project will be shown in red and will be marked with a “Deleted” icon. To remove deleted files from the Files view, right-mouse click on the line containing the deleted file and select Remove filename from List from the context menu. Use the Ctrl key to select multiple lines. See Project File Management (p. 70) for more information on working with missing or deleted files. Right-mouse click any of the cells and select Open Containing Folder to open your operating system's file manager to the folder containing that file. In most cases, you should not edit, add, or delete a file from the operating system file manager. ANSYS Workbench will not recognize or be aware of any changes that you make directly in the file system (such as adding or removing a file). However, if used with caution, this view can be a useful way to edit files such as application input files (e.g., the Mechanical APDL application input files). Right-mouse click any of the cells and select File Type Filter to choose which types of files you want to appear in the Files pane. From the drop-down menu on each column title, you can choose different sorting options.

Properties View
You can view properties on systems, cells, and links. To view properties, right-mouse click and select Properties from the context menu. For example, the Properties view for a Geometry cell will look like this:
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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

The specific items shown in the Properties pane will differ depending on what was selected. In some cases, the Properties pane displays basic information about the component, and this information cannot be modified from the Properties pane. For example, if you choose to view Properties on a link between systems, you will see a short list of connection properties, including type and the from/to cell identifiers. None of these items is editable. In other cases, the Properties pane displays detailed information, some or all of which is editable. For example, if you choose either Edit or Properties from the Vista TF Setup cell, you see a fullyeditable list of properties. For more information on the specific Properties pane you are working in, choose Quick Help for the cell from which you selected the Properties pane. If the Properties pane has detailed information available, you will see a link to that information from the Quick Help. Not all cell Properties panes have detailed information available, especially those with minimal Properties content.

Outline View
Select this option to display the Outline pane for the selected system. Outline data is available for parameters, Design Exploration, and Engineering Data systems. You can also view the Outline pane by double-clicking on the Parameter Set bar or a Design Exploration system, or by right-mouse clicking and selecting Edit from the context menu for those systems.

For detailed information about using the Outline View for parameters and design points, see Working with Parameters and Design Points (p. 83). For information about using the Outline View for Engineering Data, see Outline Pane in the Engineering Data help.

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Messages View

Table View
If you use the Close button on the view header to close the table pane when it is visible (for example, when editing Parameters, Engineering Data, or Design Exploration systems), use this menu option to restore it.

Some tables are editable and some are not. In general, if you can add a new row, you will see an asterisk (*) in the last row. If a cell is editable, you will be able to double-click in the cell to select the content and change it. In some tables, columns may include a drop-down menu of additional actions that are available for that column. Tables for different applications and different purposes will have different features and behavior. Please see your application documentation for details on using tables in your specific application.

Chart View
If you use the Close button on the view header to close the chart pane when it is visible (for example, when editing Parameters, Engineering Data, or Design Exploration systems), use this menu option to restore it. For more information about using charts, see Using the Chart View (p. 31).

Messages View
This option displays the Messages pane, where you can view any messages you have, such as error and warning messages, solver messages, status messages, etc. During any update (cell, system, project, design point, multiple design point), any messages that are generated will be displayed in the Messages pane. The Messages pane will open automatically if an error message occurs during an update, but in other situations you will need to open it manually. You can also display the Messages pane by clicking the Show Messages button on the lower right portion of the ANSYS Workbench window. When the Messages pane is active, click the Hide Messages button on the lower right portion of the ANSYS Workbench window to close the Messages pane.

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

Progress
Use this option to view the progress bar during an update. You can also view the progress of an update by clicking the Show Progress button on the lower right corner of the ANSYS Workbench window. To interrupt an update process, click the Interrupt button [ ] on the Progress window. Be aware that not all processes can be interrupted, and some processes that are interruptible may have periods where they cannot be interrupted. Because some processes can stop cleanly only at certain checkpoints, the delay between the interrupt request and the actual interruption can sometimes be lengthy.

Note
For Mechanical runs, only Static Structural (Static Structural analysis using ANSYS solver) and Transient Structural (Transient Structural analysis using ANSYS solver) support interrupt.

Using Docked and Floating Panes
Most of the views that you can choose to display appear in their own pane embedded in the ANSYS Workbench window. You can choose to “float” some panes to create a separate window containing that pane. Floating panes are retained when switching workspaces, making this feature especially useful when you wish to view a pane that is not available as part of an embedded workspace. For example, the Files pane is not visible while you're working in the Parameters workspace. However, you can float the Files pane so that it remains visible as a separate window while you are viewing the Parameters workspace. When you redock a pane, however, it will return to its normal workspace and may not be visible in your current view.

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Using Docked and Floating Panes

Figure: Docked Panes

Figure: Floating Toolbox

Use the buttons at the top of each pane to float or redock the pane, or to minimize, maximize, restore, or close the pane:

By default, panes appear docked, i.e., embedded in the ANSYS Workbench window. To float the pane, either click the pin button at the top of the pane, or select Float from the Windowing drop-down menu at the top of the pane. To dock a floating pane, click the pin button again, or select Dock from the Windowing dropdown menu. You can also double-click in the header of a pane to dock or float it. Remember that when you dock a pane, it will return to its normal workspace, which may not be visible in your current view. When you minimize a pane, regardless of whether it is docked or floating, it appears as a tab in the bottom left corner of the ANSYS Workbench window:

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

You can only maximize a floating pane; you cannot maximize a docked pane. After you have maximized a pane, use the Restore option on the Windowing drop-down menu to return the pane to its pre-maximized size and location.

Using Compact Mode
ANSYS Workbench offers a Compact Mode to aid in window management. When working with a complex project that involves multiple applications, managing the various application windows along with the ANSYS Workbench interface can be challenging. Compact Mode allows you to view only the Project Schematic and hide the other components of ANSYS Workbench, such as the Toolbox, the Menu Bar, and the Toolbar. Compact Mode is available only on Windows systems. To switch to Compact Mode, choose View> Compact Mode or select Compact Mode from the Toolbar. The ANSYS Workbench interface will reduce to just the Project Schematic, as shown here:

You can then position this reduced window on your screen along with other applications that are open, allowing you to continue to see your project workflow but using a minimum amount of screen space. If you move your mouse off the Project Schematic pane, it will reduce to just the Project Schematic window header:

Use the drop-down menus and buttons on the Compact Mode header to further control what you see:

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Using the Chart View

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Applications drop-down menu: Controls ANSYS Workbench application window positions. From here, you can choose from several options: – – – – – Minimize this window Maximize this window Restore window to its previous size Arrange application windows horizontally or vertically Close all application windows

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Workbench drop-down menu: Controls the ANSYS Workbench window. From here, you can choose from several options: – – – – – – – Minimize this window Always keep this window on top Always keep this window open, even if you move your mouse off the window Restore Full Mode Show the ANSYS Workbench Menu bar Show the ANSYS Workbench Toolbar Show the Status bar at the bottom of the window (on by default)

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Keep on Top, Keep Open, and Restore Full Mode options are also available as buttons, as are Minimize and Exit

Using the Chart View
The Chart view is available for Workbench applications. Applications can display data using a number of different basic chart types. All charts will have display properties that can be edited. The following chart topics are discussed: Chart Types Setting Chart Properties Chart Zoom, Pan, and Rotate Using the Triad Saving a Chart

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

Chart Types
Although the content of a chart will be tailored to the application that is displaying the chart, there are a standard set of charts that you might see in workbench. These include: XY Plot Lines, points, steps, bars, splines, scatter, or shaded regions can be plotted. XYZ Plot Lines, points, bars, lines, splines, scatter, or surfaces can be plotted. Pie Chart Displays multiple variables as corresponding segments in rings on the pie. Spider Chart Similar type of display as the pie chart, in multiple dimensions. Good for displaying between 3 and 10 variables. Can usually be displayed as a Parallel Coordinate plot also. Parallel Coordinate Plot Provides a graph to display variables (design points, etc.) using parallel Y axes to represent all of the inputs and outputs. Selecting an axis allows you to filter the variables shown by dragging the arrows at the ends of the axis (variables with points outside of the axis range will be eliminated from the chart). Can usually be displayed as a Spider chart also. Correlation Matrix Allows you visualize how closely the various input and output parameters are coupled. The strength of correlation is indicated by color in the matrix.

Note
If one of the variables to be displayed in a pie chart has no values associated with it, a ring like the outer one in the image below will appear for that variable.

Setting Chart Properties
Each chart has properties that can be set for the chart data, and properties that can be set for the chart display. The chart data properties should be discussed in the help for the individual applications that are displaying the chart. This section will talk about the chart display properties, which should be common to charts displayed by any Workbench application. The various chart properties will be shown in the Properties view in the workspace.

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Setting Chart Properties

Note
Only the properties that are applicable for the current chart type will be displayed when you edit any particular chart component (an axis, for example). Therefore, although a property may be listed in this document under Axis Properties, that property might only appear for one or two chart types, or the property may only appear for continuous or discrete axes. Axis Properties To set axis properties, right click on or outside of an axis and select Edit Properties. The axis properties that are available will depend on whether the chart axis is discrete or continuous. Some of the settings include: ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Title – name for that axis (often defaults to variable name) Title Background Color – background color used for axis name Show/Hide Grid – if checked, show a grid for this chart axis Automatic Range – if checked, use automatic scaling for the axis, otherwise use the Range Minimum and Range Maximum, if they fall within the data bounds Range Minimum – set minimum range of axis Range Maximum – set maximum range of axis Is Logarithmic – if checked, set axis scaling to be logarithmic if (linear if unchecked) Is Usability – if checked, display a line/bar plot of the cross section data in a perpendicular direction to the axis direction

Legend Properties Legend properties can be set by right clicking on the legend (border or background) and selecting Edit Properties, or can be set as part of the general chart properties. Be sure not to click on one of the legend variables, since the properties for that variable will be displayed, rather than the legend properties. The legend properties include: ? ? ? ? Visible – if checked, displays the legend for the chart Style – displays the legend entries either horizontally or vertically, and allows the legend to be expanded in the same direction, if it provides any benefit (defaults to vertical) Foreground Color – sets the color of the legend border Background Color – sets the color of the legend background

The legend will default to no background color or foreground color (border). When you hover the cursor over the legend, you should see its borders. You set the background and foreground colors using a color wheel. You can select a new color and apply it, and you can also click More>> and change the Alpha channel to 0 for transparent or 255 for opaque.

Note
If there are too many entries in the legend, the legend will not display, even if Visible is checked. Variable Properties Variable display properties can be set by either right clicking on the variable plot on the chart and selecting Edit Properties, or by right clicking on the variable name in the legend and selecting Edit

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface Properties. The Properties view will show the display properties available for that variable. The properties, when available, may include the following fields. ? ? ? ? ? ? Label – name for that variable plot Display As – selects the type of plot used for the variable Automatic Range – set automatic determination of variable range on or off Range Minimum – set minimum range of variable values displayed Range Maximum – set maximum range of variable values displayed Allow Filtering – allow filtering on parallel coordinate plot

Style Display Properties When plot rendering is controlled per variable, the Style display properties will appear when you edit the variable properties. When plot line rendering is controlled generally rather than per variable (as for spider charts, for example), the Style display properties will appear when you edit the chart properties. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Smoothed Edges – renders lines/surfaces with anti-aliasing set on, such that the line/surface appears to be smooth Line Style – choose type of line used for plot Symbol Style – choose type of symbol displayed in plot Fill Style – choose the fill style for the objects in the plot that use it Line Colors – sets the color sequence for multiple lines displayed on the chart Fill Colors – sets the color sequence for sequential symbols or gradient used for plot display Number of Color bands – when set to 0, the gradient will be a smooth graduation between values, rather than banded , where a single color is shown for a range of values Relative Bar Width – sets the width of a bar as a proportion of available space [0 - 1], determined by the maximum size bar that can be displayed without overlapping any adjacent bars of the same variable (if other variables appear between bars of this variable, making the bar wider may overlap those intervening variables) Relative Bar Offset – sets the start position of a bar, proportional to the minimum point where the bar could be placed to the maximum point where the bar could be placed [0 - 1], with the maximum size based on the same criteria as Relative Bar Width Show Linear Interpolation of Lines – causes the ends of a line plot to extend to the edge of the chart, when the plot is not against a discrete axis Symbol Outline Colors – sets the color used to outline displayed symbols Symbol Size – sets the size of displayed symbols in pixels [1 - 16] Line Width – sets the width of lines (including lines outlining bars), in pixels [1 - 10]

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Note
In most cases, properties are not shown if they are not applicable to the item selected. However, Show Linear Interpolation of Lines is displayed whether the axis is discrete or continuous, but it only applies in cases of continuous axes. The option will have no effect if you set it when the plot is displayed on a discrete axis. Chart Properties Most charts have a few general properties that appear under a Chart entry in the Properties view when you click on the background of a chart and select Edit Properties. When plot line rendering is controlled 34
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Using the Triad generally rather than per variable (as for spider charts, for example), the Style display properties will also appear when you edit the chart properties. Chart properties may include: ? ? ? Title – chart title that appears in the Chart view title bar Chart Type – allows some charts to be displayed as another chart type Display Percentages – turns on percentage values on pie charts

Chart Zoom, Pan, and Rotate
You can manipulate the display of a 3D chart using the zoom, pan, and rotate features. ? ? ? ? Zoom by using the mouse wheel or Shift + middle mouse button Box zoom by using the right mouse button Pan by using the Ctrl + middle mouse button Rotate by using the left or middle mouse buttons

Pan and rotate by holding down the appropriate key sequence and moving the mouse. There are several ways that you can enlarge or shrink portions of the chart in order to view more or less detail. To zoom the entire chart, click on the chart and use the scroll wheel or Shift + middle mouse button to magnify or shrink the chart. The chart expands or shrinks as you roll the wheel (or move the mouse) toward you or away from you, remaining centered in the view pane. The chart can be panned or rotated when it is magnified. To magnify a particular area of a chart, right click and drag a box top to bottom over the area you want to view. The contents of the box you draw will be magnified to fill the chart view, so the smaller the box you draw, the closer the magnification on a particular area. If you right click and draw a box bottom to top over the chart, the chart will shrink to roughly correspond to the size of the box that you've drawn, so a very small box will give you a tiny chart.

Using the Triad
On three dimensional charts, the triad appears in the lower left corner of the chart view, showing the orientation of the three axes for the current view of the chart. The x axis is red, the y axis is green, and the z axis is blue. There is a light blue ball in the triad that indicates the orientation ISO z axis up position of the chart. If you click on this ball it will set your chart view to be ISO z axis up, fit to window. If you move your cursor around the triad, you will see a yellow arrow appear that shows the direction that corresponds to the position of your cursor (+x, -x, +y, -y, +z, -z). If you click on the arrow, it changes your chart view so that the chart axis indicated by the arrow is facing out. There are several shortcut keys that can be used when you are viewing a 3D chart: ? ? ? ? ? f – fits the chart to the window x – displays the x+ view, fit to window y – displays the y+ view, fit to window z – displays the z+ view, fit to window i – displays the chart in the ISO z axis up position, fit to window

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

Saving a Chart
You can save the chart that you are viewing as a graphic. To do so, right click on the background of the chart and select Save Image As.... In the dialog that appears, you will see a small image of the chart, and can select the Size (resolution) that will be used when saving the chart. Click on the ellipsis button and navigate to the folder where you want to save the file. Enter a file name. You can select either .png or .bmp as the graphic file type. Click Save to select that file path as your save location. Click OK to save the file to the location that you selected, with the resolution that you've selected.

Working with Units
ANSYS Workbench provides the following unit system functionality: ? ? ? a set of predefined unit systems that define most commonly used quantity units the ability to define custom unit systems based on the predefined unit systems the ability to display the following project data in project unit system: – – – ? engineering data parameters charts

the ability to share the unit system between different users via Import and Export options

Note
Unit settings in ANSYS Workbench are not passed to Fluid Flow analysis systems; to CFX, FLUENT, Results, or TurboGrid component systems; or to FSI: Fluid Flow custom systems. To access the Unit Systems dialog box, choose Units>Unit Systems from the Menu bar. You will see the following:

The following options are available from the Unit Systems dialog box:

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Units Option Active Project Default Suppress/Unsuppress Duplicate Delete Description Sets unit system for active project. Sets default unit system.This will be default unit system for every project. Hides/displays unit system menu item. Only 15 unit systems can be unsuppressed and displayed as menu selections. Creates a custom unit system based on selected unit system. Deletes unit system.The following unit systems cannot be deleted: ? ? ? Import Export Predefined Unit System Active Project Unit System Default Unit System

Imports units xml file (*.xml). Exports unit system in units xml file (*.xml) format.

Units
A unit system is a collection of the preferred unit for the base, common, and other quantity types. ? Base Units: All other units are derived from these units. – – – – – – – – – ? Angle Chemical Amount Current Length Luminance Mass Solid Angle Time Temperature

Common Units: These are units which are derived from the base units and are typically used as base units for other units. – – – – – – Electric Charge Energy Force Power Pressure Voltage

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Other Units: Several other units are derived from base and common units.

For detail description on how units are used in expressions, see Expressions, Quantities, and Units (p. 86).

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The ANSYS Workbench Interface

Predefined Unit Systems
ANSYS Workbench offers the following predefined unit systems: ? ? ? ? ? Metric (kg, m, s, °C, A, N, V) (default unit system) Metric (tonne, mm, s, °C, mA, N, mV) U.S. Customary (lbm, in, s, °F, A, lbf, V) SI (kg, m, s, K, A, N, V) U.S. Engineering (lbm, in, s, R, A, lbf, V)

You cannot edit or delete predefined unit systems. ANSYS Workbench also provides the following additional unit systems. These are suppressed by default. ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Metric (g, cm, s, °C, A, dyne, V) Metric (kg, mm, s, °C, mA, N, mV) Metric (kg, ?m, s, °C, mA, ?N,V) Metric (decatonne, mm, s, °C, mA, N, mV) U.S. Customary (lbm, ft, s, F, A, lbf, V) Consistent CGS Consistent NMM Consistent ?MKS Consistent BIN Consistent BFT

For a detailed description of unit systems for the Mechanical application, see Solving Units. You can also display values as defined and display values in project units. See Units Menu (p. 23) for more information on using these options.

Custom Unit Systems
Use the Duplicate option to create a custom unit system based on a predefined unit system. ? ? ? ? The default name for the new Unit system is Custom Unit System. You can change the name. You can change the units for any quantity type from the available list. The list of units that are available are either consistent with SI or US Customary, depending on the original unit system. This to assure that a consistent unit system can be constructed for solution purposes. Changing base units can automatically change Common and Other derived units if appropriate. For example, if the mass unit is kg, the length unit is m, and the force unit is N, then changing mass to g and length to cm will automatically change force to dyne.

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Configuring ANSYS Workbench
Setting ANSYS Workbench Options
Select Tools> Options to set your preferences for ANSYS Workbench. The preferences you set here are local settings and affect only you. Some changes made to the Options settings will take place immediately, but some will not take place until you start a new session. Use the Restore Defaults button to reset to default values the settings visible on the current page; settings on pages that are not displayed will remain unchanged. You can set user preferences in the following categories: Project Management Appearance Regional and Language Options Graphics Interaction Geometry Import Journals and Logs Solution Process Mechanical APDL CFX FLUENT Design Exploration Mechanical Meshing

Project Management
File Locations settings: Specify default folders for permanent and temporary file locations. You can specify two

Default Folder for Permanent Files The default folder for permanent files controls the location where a project save/open will occur. When you choose a different location for a project via a dialog in the user interface, ANSYS Workbench remembers the folder location for subsequent operations for the rest of the session; however, upon starting a new session, the default will be the location specified here. Folder For Temporary Files Controls where most temporary files are written. The directory specified here holds project files that are generated before the project is saved. Once a project is saved, files are written to the project directory (see Project File Management for more information).

Note
The CFX > Set the location where temporary solution files are located setting controls where CFX-Solver writes files during the solving process. See CFX (p. 45) for details.

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Configuring ANSYS Workbench Startup ? You also specify startup options:

Load News Messages: Indicates if the News messages should be loaded when ANSYS Workbench is started. News messages will appear in the Messages view. The default is to load messages at startup. You must also specify the maximum age, in days, of news messages to load. You can display the messages at any time by using the Show Messages button in the status bar or by choosing View> Messages. Custom RSS Feed Address: URLs of feeds that are shown in addition to the default ANSYS news feed. Multiple URLs can be specified, separated by a semicolon (;).

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Note
The Load News Messages and Custom RSS Feed Address options will be disabled if RSS feeds were disabled during the product installation. ? Start Remote Solve Manager: Indicates that the Remote Solve Manager (RSM) should be started when ANSYS Workbench is started. The default is to not start the Remote Solve Manager at startup. If enabled, RSM will be started when ANSYS Workbench is started, but the RSM interface will not be visible. On Windows, an RSM icon ( ) will appear in the Windows System Tray. For detailed information on running RSM, please see the Remote Solve Manager (RSM) help. ? Show Getting Started Dialog: Displays the Getting Started dialog box on startup. The default is to display the Getting Started dialog at startup.

Appearance
Define the appearance of your workspace, including background graphics, colors, and display defaults. Graphics Style This option applies to the ANSYS Workbench, DesignModeler, Meshing, and Mechanical applications only. ? ? ? Background Style: sets a solid graphic background or a gradient background that varies from top to bottom, left to right, or diagonally. The default is the top to bottom gradient. Background Color: sets a graphic background color from the built-in color palette. The default color is blue. Background Color2: sets a second graphic background color from the built-in color palette. The second color is used for gradient background displays. For example, if you want a top-bottom gradient that starts out white and ends up black, Background Color should be set to white and Background Color2 should be set to black. The default color is white. Text Color: sets the color of all text from the built-in color palette. The default color is black. Edge Thickness: sets the relative thickness display of all edges to Thin (default), Medium Thick, or Thick provided the View menu is set to either Wireframe or Shaded Exterior and Edges, and Edge Color Option is not set to Body Color. Edge Colors: sets the colors for the Graphics Options feature from the built-in color palette. Default colors are presented in the table below: Edge Type Free Single Double 40 Blue Red Black
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? ?

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Default Edge Color

Regional and Language Options Edge Type Triple Multiple Pink Yellow Default Edge Color

Meshed: sets the color of all meshed edges from the built-in color palette. The default color is black. Display ? These settings control how ANSYS Workbench displays information.

Number of Significant Digits: Sets the number of digits that appear for numbers throughout Workbench. The default is 5 and the range is from 3 to 10. This setting affects only the numbers that are displayed. It does not imply any numerical round off of internal calculations. Number of Files in Recently Used Files List: Sets the number of files that will appear in both the File menu and the context menus' Recently Used Files lists. The default is 4 files and the maximum number of files that you can display is 20. If the number specified here exceeds the number of recently used files that are available, the list will show the available number. This setting is applied to the current ANSYS Workbench session. Beta Options: Allows testing of unreleased ANSYS Workbench features. If selected, beta features will be displayed with the word beta in parenthesis. The default is to not show beta features. Beta features remain untested in this release and therefore are neither documented nor supported and may result in unpredictable behavior. Text on Toolbars: Allows you to turn the text labels on the toolbars on or off. Labels are on by default. This option applies to the ANSYS Workbench interface, the Mechanical application, the Meshing application, FE Modeler, and DesignModeler only. Connections are Bundled at Startup: Shows connections between systems as a single link. The label will indicate all bundled connections. For example, linked systems that shared Engineering Data, Geometry, and Model cells would show a single link with the notation “2:4” indicating that cells 2 (Engin, eering Data) through 4 (Model) are connected. Default is off. This setting defines the initial default for all projects and can be overridden within each project using View> Show Connections Bundled, or by selecting this option from the context menu on the schematic. Use of this option affects only newly created projects. System Coordinates are Shown at Startup: Shows the system label letters and numbers. Default is on. This setting defines the initial default for all projects and can be overridden within each project using View> Show System Coordinates or by selecting this option from the context menu on the schematic. Quick Help Icons in System Cells: Shows the Quick Help icon in cells where Quick Help is available. The icon appears as a small blue triangle in the lower right corner of the cell. Default is on. Word-wrap Text in Tables: Allows text in tables to wrap within the cells. Default is on.

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Regional and Language Options
Language Specify the language to be used for ANSYS Workbench text and messages.

You can choose to use English, German, French, or Japanese, if localized files are available. ANSYS Workbench defines the language via the languagesettings.txt file upon being launched, based on your operating system default, the language selected at installation, or the language specified via this option. You can also manually edit this file to specify the language. If you manually edit the languagesettings.txt file, the ANSYS Workbench user interface will display in the language you specify upon startup. You must exit ANSYS Workbench and start a new session for changes to the language option to take effect.
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Configuring ANSYS Workbench ANSYS Workbench will look for the languagesettings.txt file in the following locations, in order: 1. $ApplicationData/Ansys/v130: ? ? 2. %appdata%\Ansys\v130 on Windows ~/.config/Ansys/v130 on Linux

<install_dir>Ansys Inc\v130\commonfiles\Language (Windows) or <install_dir>ansys_inc/v130/commonfiles/language (Linux)

On Windows systems, you will also need to set the AWP_LOCALE130 environment variable to the same language that is defined in the languagesettings.txt file to ensure that all applications will be able to use the localized version. Be aware that not all data-integrated applications may be translated; therefore, you may see some applications' text and messages in English even if you have specified a different language.

Graphics Interaction
Specify your mouse button behavior, your pan-zoom-rotate behavior, and your selection defaults. The Mouse Button Assignments category includes options for setting the various button controls on the mouse as well as button combinations with the Shift and Ctrl keys. The Pan, Rotate and Zoom category's To Zoom in Closer option allows you set the preference of whether to zoom on a model by moving the mouse in or out. With Dynamic Viewing, if you make a standard view change (such as front, back, left, right, bottom, top, isometric, and Look At Face/Plane/Sketch), a short animation shows the model moving/twisting toward its final pose. Turn off dynamic viewing if you are using an older graphics card. The Use Spaceball setting enables the use of the Spaceball 3D import device (not supported in UNIX). The Selection category's Extend Selection Angle Limit sets a limit in degrees for what kind of face and edge angles the system considers "smooth". This affects the Extend to Adjacent and Extend to Limits Extend Selection toolbar buttons in DesignModeler. Extend Selection buttons are also present in the Mechanical application. The default value is 20o and the range is from 0o to 90o. The Angle increment for configure tool sets the angular increment of the Configure tool when defining a joint.

Geometry Import
Specify your default geometry import options, including 2D/3D, types of bodies, material properties, etc. You can also define advanced options, such as CAD associativity and import behavior. Use this dialog to specify your preferred geometry editor. You can choose either DesignModeler (the default) or SpaceClaim Direct Modeler. You can also choose to retain the plug-in license or release it after the CAD import/refresh. In most cases, you will probably want to release the license back into a company pool for someone else's use after the import or refresh operation. For this behavior, confirm that the default option Release is specified in the CAD Licensing dropdown box. In some cases, such as for a design study, you may want to have ANSYS Workbench keep the license after the import or refresh operation. In this case, choose Hold from the CAD Licensing dropdown box. If you had previously set the Hold option and subsequently change it to Release, the license will be released immediately when you click OK on the Options dialog box. A plug-in license that is held will always be released when you exit the ANSYS Workbench session.

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Solution Process For detailed descriptions of the other geometry import options, see Geometry Preferences in the CAD Integration section of the ANSYS Workbench help.

Journals and Logs
Specify whether to create journal and log files and options associated with each. Journal Files Use these settings to specify if a journal file should be recorded, the directory to which it should be written, and how long to keep the journal file. You can also choose to pause after each command when running a journal file. If you select this option, you can also specify the number of seconds to pause (default is 1 second between commands). ANSYS Workbench writes a journal file (.wbjn) for each ANSYS Workbench session. On Windows, the directory preference defaults to %TEMP%\WorkbenchJournals. On Linux, the directory preference defaults to the following, in order: 1. 2. 3. $TEMP/WorkbenchJournals $TMP/WorkbenchJournals $HOME/.ansys/WorkbenchJournals

If you record a session (File> Scripting> Record Journal) for future playback, the same information is written to both the location specified here and to the file specified when you begin recording. Workbench Log Files Use these settings to specify if log files should be written, the directory to which they should be written, and how long to keep them. The log file directory preference change takes effect immediately when the Options dialog is closed. On Windows, the directory preference defaults to %TEMP%\WorkbenchLogs. On Linux, the directory preference defaults to the following, in order: 1. 2. 3. $TEMP/WorkbenchLogs $TMP/WorkbenchLogs $HOME/.ansys/WorkbenchLogs

ANSYS Workbench writes two log files for each ANSYS Workbench session. The two files are: UIEventsprocID.log CoreEventsprocID.log where procID is the process ID of the ANSYS Workbench session. To identify the log file of the most recent session, it is most convenient to sort the directory by date. The log file will contain information that is useful to technical support whenever an error is encountered. Other applications may continue to write log files to their own directories, even if launched from ANSYS Workbench.

Solution Process
Use these settings to control the defaults for the Solution Process properties where available on Solution cells. For projects with parametric design points, these settings also control the defaults for the Design Point
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Configuring ANSYS Workbench Update Process setting for the Parameter Set bus bar. For more information on using the Solution Process properties to submit a job to RSM, see Submitting Solutions for Local, Background, and Remote Solve Manager (RSM) Processes (p. 61) Default Update Option ? ? ? You can choose:

Run in Foreground -- the default manner of running, where solutions are run within the current ANSYS Workbench session. Run in Background -- allows you to run the solution in the background on the local machine. This option is only available for Solution cells which support background execution. Submit to Remote Solve Manager -- allows you to run the solution in the background either on the local computer or on one or more different computers. If you submit to RSM, the solution will continue to run even if you close the current ANSYS Workbench session.

If you choose Submit to Remote Solve Manager, you also have the following options: ? Default Solve Manager -- The solve manager is the machine that is configured to manage the queues and compute servers to be used for the remote solution. Any Solve Managers that you have currently defined for RSM will appear in the drop-down list. You can choose one of those Solve Managers or you can specify the name of another machine. Default Queue -- You can select from the queues that you have already defined for RSM. Download Progress Information by Default -- Specifies that the solver monitor should periodically query RSM for output files in order to display progress (where applicable). Queries to RSM begin when you initiate an action to display the solution progress (such as choosing the Display Monitors option in CFX). This option, available for CFX systems only, is enabled by default. Default Progress Download Interval -- Specifies the periodic time interval with which the solver should query RSM for output files in order to display progress. Default is 30 seconds. Setting this value to zero (0) results in continuous queries; that is, as soon as files are downloaded from the compute server, ANSYS Workbench will immediately query again. This option is available for CFX systems only.

? ?

?

If you have not configured Solve Managers or Queues, please refer to the Remote Solve Manager documentation for more information. Default Design Point Update Order By default, design points are solved in the order in which they appear in the Table of Design Points. As each design point is updated, it begins from the parameter values associated with DP0. When updating design points, it may be more efficient to update design points starting from parameter values from the previous design point, rather than starting from DP0 (Current) each time. Use this option to specify the starting condition for each design point. ? ? Update from Current (DP0) will cause each design point to be updated starting from DP0 (the default). Update design points in order will cause each design point to be updated starting from the previous design point.

This setting will take effect the next time you create a new project. See Updating Design Points for more information.

Mechanical APDL
Specify the Mechanical APDL application options: ? ? 44 Startup command line options Default memory sizes
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CFX ? ? ? ? ? ? Number of processors Default jobname Default license level Graphics device Start.ans usage Custom executable path

These items are described in detail in the ANSYS Launcher > File Management Tab documentation in the Operations Guide for the Mechanical APDL application. In addition to the above Mechanical APDL application options, you can also specify the GPU Accelerator option. The GPU Accelerator option provides access to the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) acceleration capability offered in the Project Schematic and inside Mechanical APDL. Three options are available, None, AMD and NVIDIA. By default None is selected. Choosing this option from Options->Mechanical APDL will apply the setting to all newly added systems in the Project Schematic. You can override these settings by changing the GPU Accelerator selection on individual systems by doing a right mouse click on Analysis and editing the properties.

CFX
Specify the CFX application options: Set the default initialization option for the solution cell ? The option Update from Current Solution Data if possible (the default) causes CFX-Solver to use the previous solution (if this exists) as its initial conditions. If there is no previous solution run, CFX-Solver will use either an upstream solution cell, the Initial Values definitions on the Define Run dialog of CFX-Solver Manager, or the initial conditions from the current state of the Setup cell. ? The option Update from Initial Conditions causes CFX-Solver Manager to use either an upstream solution cell, the Initial Values definitions on the Define Run dialog of CFX-Solver Manager, or the initial conditions from the current state of the Setup cell.

Set the default update option for the solution cell Controls whether the update proceeds as a Background Task or a Foreground Task (the default). ? ? During a foreground update, the user interface strictly limits what you can do (you cannot edit other cells, save, quit, etc.) During a background update, the user interface allows other operations and updates on other cells to take place, and you can also save and quit the project. After saving and quitting, the solver run will still continue. You can re-open the project and use the Reconnect button to access data that was put into batch mode. Upon opening a project, ANSYS Workbench automatically retrieves the data for any completed background update without the need for you to press the Reconnect button. If you decline to save the project before exiting, this solver data will be discarded and will not be accessible in future ANSYS Workbench sessions. A foreground update that is in progress can be made into a background update by using the Switch Active Solution to Background context menu option. This action will not change the Update Option setting for the next run.
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Configuring ANSYS Workbench Set the default execution control conflict option for the Solution cell If you add or change Execution Control in ANSYS CFX-Pre in a way that conflicts with the execution control settings stored in the Solution cell, by default an error message appears when you attempt to update the Solution cell. You can modify this behavior as follows: ? Warn, the default, enables you to decide on a case-by-case basis. When there is a perceived conflict between the two sources of execution control settings, a warning message appears. This enables you to resolve the conflict by right-clicking the Solution cell and selecting Edit Run Definition. You can then choose to use the execution control settings from either the Setup cell or the Solution cell for either this run or for all subsequent runs (until you change this Options setting). Use Setup Cell Execution Control cause the execution control specified by the Setup cell to be used. This is the equivalent of right-clicking the Solution cell and selecting Using execution control from Setup cell always. Use Solution Cell Execution Control cause the execution control specified by the Solution cell to be used. This is the equivalent of right-clicking the Solution cell and selecting Using execution control from Solution cell always.

?

?

Set the location where temporary solution files are located This is the temporary location where CFX-Solver files will be placed during the solving process.

Resolving Execution Control Conflicts
If you add or change Execution Control in ANSYS CFX-Pre in a way that conflicts with the Execution Control settings stored in the Solution cell, an error message appears when you attempt to update the Solution cell. The Using execution control from Setup|Solution cell options enable you to decide how to resolve the conflict on a case-by-case basis. Alternatively, you can choose one of the Using execution control from Setup|Solution cell always options. The latter options change your Workbench Options for CFX. To reset that choice, go to Tools > Options > CFX and change the value of the Set the default execution control conflict option for the Solution cell field to one of:

FLUENT
Specify whether a warning message should appear when solution data exists and you attempt to open ANSYS FLUENT from the Setup cell. When you open FLUENT from the Setup cell, the mesh and settings file associated with the Setup cell are loaded into FLUENT which may or may not be what you want. When this option is selected, the warning dialog is show; the option is selected by default.

Design Exploration
Specify Design Exploration options. You can set both default options that will be used when new Design Exploration systems are created and general options for all Design Exploration systems that take effect immediately (such as Display Parameter Full Name). For detailed explanation of individual default options, see Design Exploration Options. You can also set local options for Design of Experiments, Response Surface, and Sampling and Optimization. Those options are also described in Design Exploration Options.

Mechanical
Specify the Mechanical application options for the following: Design Points Control periodic restarts of the Mechanical application when running in batch mode:

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Single License Sharing ? During a design point update, periodically restart the Mechanical application Indicates that the Mechanical application should automatically restart after the specified number of design points when running in batch mode. A restart resets the Mechanical application and can improve overall system performance (memory and CPU) at the cost of a slight lengthening of the processing time. If you continue to see system performance issues, reduce the number of updates before restarts. Control how many processors to use for load transfer:

Parallel Processing ?

Limit Number of Processors for Load Mapping Indicates that the number of processors to be used by the load transfer mapping and interpolation operations should be limited to the user specified value. The default is to use as many processors that are available. If selected, the default limit will be set to two processors.

Meshing
Specify the Meshing application options for the following: Design Points ? Control periodic restarts of the Meshing application when running in batch mode:

During a design point update, periodically restart the Meshing application Indicates that the Meshing application should automatically restart after the specified number of design points when running in batch mode. A restart resets the Meshing application and can improve overall system performance (memory and CPU) at the cost of a slight lengthening of the processing time. If you continue to see system performance issues, reduce the number of updates before restarts.

Using Software Licensing in ANSYS Workbench
ANSYS Workbench offers two licensing methods at Release 13.0: ? ? Share a single license between applications (default) (shared mode) Use a separate license for each application (separate mode)

Use the Licensing Preferences dialog box (Start > Programs > ANSYS 13.0 > ANSYS Client Licensing > User Licensing Preferences) to specify which method to use and which licenses to use. You must specify the licensing method before starting an ANSYS Workbench session. If you access the Licensing Preferences dialog box from the ANSYS Workbench Tools menu, you will not be able to choose a licensing preference from there.

Single License Sharing
ANSYS Workbench allows you to work across multiple applications and workspaces in ANSYS Workbench while consuming only one of a single type of license per user per session. Using shared licensing, the active application holds the license, preventing other applications that are sharing that license from using it during that time. The application or operation requiring use of the license is called a concurrency event. For example, meshing and solving would each be a concurrency event. Single license sharing allows you to progress through your analysis, from specifying engineering data through building or attaching a geometry, meshing, setup, solving, and finally, reviewing your results, all under the same license. The application holding the license must close or issue a PAUSE command, or receive an automatic release request to release the license and allow another application to use it. Licenses cannot be released while an application is actively performing a licensed operation (for example, an application cannot release a license in the middle of a solve operation; the license cannot be released until the solve operation is completed).

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Configuring ANSYS Workbench Single license sharing applies only to licenses of the same type (e.g., Mechanical). Choosing this option does not affect your ability to use licenses of different types simultaneously (e.g., Mechanical for one task and Fluid Dynamics for another). Because this method is the default, you do not have to take any action to run this way. Explanation of License Type and Examples License type is primarily by license feature. It is possible to use both a Mechanical and an Emag license within a single ANSYS Workbench session. It is also possible to use both a Multiphysics and a Mechanical license within a single ANSYS Workbench session. The first license checked out within a session will be based on your preferences and what capabilities are being requested. For all applications other than the first (subsequent) one opened (within ANSYS Workbench), ANSYS licensing will first look at what other licenses are opened within this session. These subsequent license requests will look at sharing first to satisfy their request: do any other licenses being used within this session fulfill the needed capabilities? If yes, share an existing license. If not, preferences are used and a new, different license is checked out. Example 1: You have one license for Multiphysics and one license for Mechanical, with Multiphysics listed first in your preferences. The first application starts and only needs capabilities in Mechanical. Since Multiphysics contains Mechanical capabilities and is first in your preferences, Multiphysics will be checked out. The second application starts and needs Multiphysics; since Multiphysics is already checked out, the second application will share it with the first. Only the Multiphysics license is consumed in this session. Example 2: You have one license for Multiphysics and one license for Mechanical, with Mechanical listed first in your preferences. The first application starts and only needs capabilities provided in Mechanical, so Mechanical is checked out. The second application starts and needs capabilities provided on Multiphysics; since (the already in use) Mechanical cannot satisfy its requirements, it checks out Multiphysics. Both a Multiphysics and a Mechanical license are consumed in this session. Restrictions of Single License Sharing You cannot run two concurrency events simultaneously (for example, you cannot mesh one model and solve another simultaneously) with one license. If you are using a license for one application, other applications may still not be able to share that license if those applications require capabilities not supported by the license. For example, you cannot share a Mechanical license with a FLUENT application. Single License Sharing in ANSYS Workbench Applications license sharing differently: ANSYS Workbench applications handle single

The Mechanical Application: You can launch the Mechanical application and move between its components (such as Meshing, Setup, and Solve). The active component will control the license while completing its operations and will release the license as soon as the operation is completed. For example, when you mesh, the Meshing component will control the license during the meshing operation and then immediately release the license when the operation is completed. The other components will remain in a read-only mode while Meshing uses the license, allowing you to view the data in other components but not operate on it.

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Explicit Product Licensing

Note
Applications in read-only mode because of shared licensing do not refresh their license status automatically. Once the shared license is released by the editor that had consumed it, you must trigger Mechanical to query the license status. The most straightforward way to do this is click outside the Mechanical application window and then click back in the window to cause the license availability to be rechecked. The Mechanical APDL Application: This application consumes a license as soon as you launch it, and retains that license until it is finished. If you launch the Mechanical APDL application interactively, the license is retained until you either close the application or issue a PAUSE command at the Mechanical APDL command line. PAUSE allows you to temporarily release the license for another application to use. No other operation other than SAVE or /EXIT is permitted while PAUSED. When the second application has finished and releases the license, issue an UNPAUSE command from the Mechanical APDL command line to resume its use of the license. CFX, FLUENT, AUTODYN, POLYFLOW: These applications consume a license when launched and retain the license until they receive a request from another application to release it. For example, if you open CFX-Pre, CFX-Pre will obtain and control the license. It will retain the license until you close the application or until another application (such as the CFX solver) requests it. AUTODYN and POLYFLOW also provide a manual PAUSE feature that allows you to interrupt AUTODYN or POLYFLOW and release the license, temporarily, for another application to use. To unpause the Mechanical APDL application and resume its use of the license, issue UNPAUSE in Mechanical APDL.

Separate Licenses
By using the separate licenses method, ANSYS Workbench requires a separate license for each application. By using this method, you can move freely between the many applications that you might require during an analysis in ANSYS Workbench, provided that you have sufficient licenses. You can leave each application running and easily move between them at any point during the analysis, even if one of the applications is actively using the license (such as during a solve process). The disadvantage to this method is that you could potentially consume many licenses. To activate the separate licenses method, choose Use a separate license for each application in the Licensing Preferences dialog box (Start > Programs > ANSYS 13.0 > ANSYS Client Licensing > User License Preferences). You must specify the licensing method before starting an ANSYS Workbench session. Examples of Using Separate Licenses You have two Mechanical licenses. When you open and mesh or solve a model in the Mechanical application, you consume one Mechanical license. If you link that Mechanical analysis to a Mechanical APDL system, you would consume a second Mechanical license when you launch the Mechanical APDL application, if you have not closed out of the Mechanical application. Neither of these licenses would then be available for other users until you closed out of one or both of the applications.

Explicit Product Licensing
Licenses that can be used to start the Mechanical application products are called primary configured tasks. Licenses that cannot start a product but add functionality are called add-on licenses. Most licenses are either one or the other. A primary configured task license will only be pulled during the launch of the application
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Configuring ANSYS Workbench and cannot be added on-demand if the application is already open. For example, the Multi-Body Dynamics analysis is only supported as an add-on license, so another, primary configured task license will be needed to start the Mechanical application for a Transient Structural (Rigid dynamics) analysis. An add-on license will be used whenever the need arises, even if the Mechanical application is opened. However, the Explicit products like AUTODYN-2D, AUTODYN-3D, and ANSYS Explicit STR are of a dual nature and are supported both as primary configured tasks and as add-ons. The dual nature of explicit products enables the analysis of the mixed implicit and explicit system using a single Mechanical editor.

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Working in ANSYS Workbench
In ANSYS Workbench, you will find system templates, material data, geometry files, and other objects in the Toolbox on the left side of the window. The Project Schematic area will contain the analysis system(s) and projects that you build. You can work with objects in different ways: ? ? ? Single-click: A single-click simply selects an object and will never modify data or initiate any action. Double-click: Double-clicking an object will initiate the default action. This feature provides an easy way for users who are familiar with ANSYS Workbench to quickly move through basic or common operations. Right-mouse click: Use the right mouse button to display a context menu that is applicable to the object selected, and the object's current state. From the context menu, you can select from multiple actions. The default action is shown in bold and is the action that will occur if you double-click the object. Drag-and-drop: Drag-and-drop is not required for basic interaction, but it offers several advantages over double-clicking or menu selection. The primary advantage is the ability to carefully preview where you want the desired object to be located. A drag operation can have a significant number of alternative targets, depending on context and schematic complexity. Hover over any target location, still without releasing the mouse, to see details of how the target location would be implemented (for example, what components would be share or duplicated). When you've decided which target location is appropriate, release the mouse over that target. Use the Esc key while holding down the mouse button to cancel a drag-and-drop operation. To add a system to the Project Schematic, drag it from the Toolbox onto the Project Schematic. For options on working with a system or cell, right-mouse click for a context menu specific to that object in its current state. Systems are added to the Project Schematic from left to right, and from top to bottom. All data transfer occurs from left (also called upstream) to right (also called downstream). You cannot transfer data from right to left. Therefore, when placing or moving systems, it is important that you place receiving systems to the right of sending systems. All processing of data (updates, etc.) also occurs left to right and top to bottom. Again, be aware of this order when placing or moving systems. Most systems are defined by three primary attributes: physics type, analysis type, and solver type. ANSYS Workbench uses these attributes to determine valid data transfer and system replacement possibilities.

?

Adding Systems to the Project Schematic
ANSYS Workbench offers several ways to introduce new systems to the Project Schematic, primarily: ? ? ? Double-clicking on the desired system in the Toolbox Dragging the system from the Toolbox and dropping it into the Project Schematic Using context menus

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Working in ANSYS Workbench

Adding a System by Double-Clicking
The simplest way to add a new system to the Project Schematic is to double-click on the desired system in the Toolbox. The selected system will appear in the Project Schematic in a new row, below any existing systems.

Adding a System Using Drag-and-Drop
You can also introduce a system onto the Project Schematic by dragging a system from the Toolbox (drag while holding down the left mouse button) and dropping it into the Project Schematic. This method offers you the flexibility to preview multiple locations where the system could be added (if available) and choose the best location for that system. The green boxes in the following animation indicate possible drop targets. If you move the mouse over one of the drop targets, the box will change to red and text will indicate the result of dropping at that location. In cases where you can link the new system to an existing system(s), drop targets are also shown on the appropriate cells in the existing system(s). In the following animation, several cells of the Structural Static system are also possible drop targets of the Modal system. For more information, see Creating and Linking a Second System (p. 58). The following animation demonstrates adding systems both by double-clicking and by using drag-and-drop. The following Show-Me Animation is presented as an animated GIF in the online help. If you are reading the PDF version of the help and want to see the animated GIF, please access this section in the online help. The interface shown may differ slightly from that in your installed product.

Note
Be aware that if you attempt to add an invalid system (for example, if the mesh type is not compatible with the system you are attempting to add), you will still see the drop preview; however, when you release the mouse button, the system will not be added, and a message will be written to the Messages pane.

Adding a System using the Context Menus
You can introduce systems to the Project Schematic by using the context menu. Right-click on white space in the Project Schematic (away from any existing systems) and select from the list of New ... Systems options. For example, to introduce a new Static Structural system, right click on white space in the schematic and select New Analysis Systems > Static Structural, as shown below.

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Naming Your Systems

To introduce new systems linked to existing systems, right-click on the appropriate cell in an existing system in the Project Schematic and select Transfer Data From New (to create a system upstream of the selected cell), or Transfer Data to New (to create a system downstream of the selected cell) from the context menu. The following animation demonstrates adding a system using the Transfer Data context menu option. The following Show-Me Animation is presented as an animated GIF in the online help. If you are reading the PDF version of the help and want to see the animated GIF, please access this section in the online help. The interface shown may differ slightly from that in your installed product.

For more information, see Creating and Linking a Second System (p. 58).

Naming Your Systems
After adding a new system to the Project Schematic using any of the above methods, the name of the system will have focus (it will be highlighted), as shown below.

This feature allows you to immediately enter a new name for the system. In general, it is good practice to give the system a name that is meaningful for you (see Renaming Systems (p. 54)). To accept the default name for the system (usually the default name is the same as the system type), press Enter or select any other action in the user interface. In the example shown below, we have entered the name “My Structural Analysis” and then pressed Enter.

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Working in ANSYS Workbench After you press Enter (either after entering a new name or accepting the default name), the cell in the system that first requires attention (see Understanding States) will have focus. In the example above, this cell is the Geometry cell. By applying focus in this manner, ANSYS Workbench draws your attention to the cell where you will most likely begin working with your system (see Working Through an Analysis System (p. 54)).

Renaming Systems
In general, it is good practice to give each system a name which is most meaningful for you. When new systems are added to the Project Schematic, the system name initially has focus to encourage you to enter a meaningful name. To rename a system that already exists on the Project Schematic, you can either doubleclick on the system name (shown below the System) or right-click and select Rename from the system context menu (right click on the system header, Row 1 in the system, to access the system context menu). The system name will be highlighted as shown below. Type the desired name and press Enter.

The example below shows the system renamed to “My Structural Analysis.”

Working Through an Analysis System
In its most basic use, the ANSYS Workbench process is straightforward: you select the type of analysis you wish to perform from the Analysis Systems group of the Toolbox and add that system to the Project Schematic (see Adding Systems to the Project Schematic (p. 51)). When that system is in place, you work through the cells in the system, generally from top-to-bottom, until you have completed all the required steps for your analysis. In most cases, data flows from top to bottom through the system as well. For example, in a Mechanical system, the geometry must be defined before you can define the model; the Model cell uses the geometry defined in the Geometry cell as its input. Because the workflows for different types of analyses differ to some degree, we have included two typical examples of working with analysis systems: one for a mechanical analysis and one for a fluid flow analysis.

Defining Your Simulation Geometry
All analysis systems and several component systems, including Geometry, Mesh, and Mechanical Model, begin with a geometry-definition step. You can define the geometry differently depending on the type of simulation you are running. In most cases, you will use the Geometry cell. Via the Geometry cell, you can: ? ? Create geometry from scratch in DesignModeler Import an existing geometry: – – – From neutral formats like IGES, STEP, Parasolid, ACIS From CAD files on disk From an active CAD session that is already running on the same machine

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Defining Your Simulation Geometry For Fluid Flow simulations, you can also start with an imported mesh or case file; see Basic Fluid Flow Analysis, Starting from an Imported Mesh (p. 57) for details.

Specifying Geometry via the Context Menu
1. 2. Right-click the Geometry cell. Choose New Geometry... to launch DesignModeler and create a new model, or choose Import Geometry and browse to an existing CAD model.

Alternatively, you can also launch ANSYS Workbench directly from some CAD systems. When doing so, ANSYS Workbench starts with a Geometry system in place and the CAD file already attached. After you have attached or imported your geometry, the state appears as Up to Date, and the icon indicates the type of file imported. Geometry types include: ACIS (.sat) ANSYS Neutral File (.anf) BladeGen (.bgd) CATIA v4 (.model, .dlv) CATIA V5 (.CATPart, .CATProduct) DesignModeler (.agdb) FE Modeler (.fedb) IGES (.iges, .igs) Autodesk Inventor (.ipt, .iam) Autodesk Mechanical Desktop (.dwg) Monte Carlo N-Particle (.mcnp) OneSpace Modeling (.pkg, .bdl, .ses, .sda, .sdp, .sdac, .sdpc) Parasolid (.x_t, .xmt_txt, .x_b, .xmt_bin) Pro/ENGINEER (.prt, .asm) Solid Edge (.par, .asm, .psm, .pwd) SolidWorks (.SLDPRT, .SLDASM)

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Working in ANSYS Workbench STEP (.stp, .step) JTOpen (.jt) NX (.prt) Empty Cell If you do not need to make any additional changes to your geometry, you can continue working through the analysis as described in the next sections. If your geometry needs to be modified before continuing with your analysis, you can edit the geometry in DesignModeler. After modifying the geometry in DesignModeler or importing a DesignModeler file, the icon in the Geometry cell will change to a DesignModeler icon. For a file imported and then modified in DesignModeler, you can open the file in DesignModeler, and the DesignModeler model tree will indicate the original source of geometry. After the geometry is defined, you can share it with other systems. See Data Sharing and Data Transfer for more information on sharing geometry systems.

Basic Mechanical Analysis Workflow
After introducing a new mechanical analysis system to the Project Schematic and assigning an appropriate name, the focus is typically directed to the Geometry cell, because this is usually the first cell in the system that requires user input. You could edit or define material models via the Engineering Data cell, but this example assumes that the default materials will suffice.

As noted earlier, you typically work through the system from top to bottom. Use the context menus for each cell to view and select operations that can be performed for that cell. 1. Attach geometry to your system or build a new geometry in DesignModeler. Right click the Geometry cell and select Import Geometry... to attach an existing model or select New Geometry... to launch DesignModeler. For details, see Defining Your Simulation Geometry (p. 54). 2. Define all loads and boundary conditions. Right click the Setup cell and select Edit. Mechanical will open. Set up your analysis using that application's tools and features. For more information on setting up and running specific Mechanical analyses, see Analysis Systems (p. 95).

Basic Fluid Flow Analysis Workflow
After introducing a new Fluid Flow analysis system to the project schematic and assigning an appropriate name, the focus is typically directed to the Geometry cell, because this is usually the first cell in the system that requires user input. An example of both a CFX and a FLUENT fluid flow system is shown below.

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Basic Fluid Flow Analysis Workflow

As noted earlier, you typically work through the system from top to bottom. Use the context menus for each cell to view and select operations that can be performed for that cell. For fluid flow systems, the process is somewhat flexible; you can start from geometry, from an existing mesh, or from an existing case file; each is described below.

Basic Fluid Flow Analysis, Starting from Geometry
1. Attach geometry to your system or build a new geometry in DesignModeler. Right click the Geometry cell and select Import Geometry... to attach an existing model or select New Geometry... to launch DesignModeler. For details, see Defining Your Simulation Geometry (p. 54). 2. After your geometry is defined and the Geometry cell shows the green check mark indicating that the cell is up to date, you can proceed to the Mesh cell. Double-click on the Mesh cell or right-click and select Edit to launch the Meshing application. Note that if you want to generate a default mesh, you could also right-click on the Mesh cell and selected Update to generate the mesh in the background without launching the meshing application. When this step has successfully completed, the Mesh cell shows a green check mark indicating an up-to-date state. Double-click on the Setup cell or right-click and select Edit to load the physics pre-processor. If you are working a Fluid Flow (FLUENT) system, the editor will be the FLUENT application. If you are working with a Fluid Flow (CFX) system, the editor will be CFX-Pre. When you have successfully defined your physics, the Setup cell shows a green check mark indicating an up-to-date state. Double-click on the Solution cell or right-click and select Edit to open the associated Solution cell editor. If you are working a Fluid Flow (FLUENT) system, the editor will be the FLUENT application. If you are working with a Fluid Flow (CFX) system, the associated editor will be the CFX-Solver Manger. You can also right-click and select Update to run the solution in the background. When the solution is complete, the Solution cell shows a green check mark indicating an up-to-date state. You can now post-process the resulting solution. Double-click on the Results cell or right-click and select Edit to open the resulting solution in CFD-Post. Once the process has been completed, all cells in the system should show a green check mark indicating an up-to-date state.

3.

4.

5. 6.

It is also possible to bypass the Geometry cell, and begin the simulation process by importing a mesh.

Basic Fluid Flow Analysis, Starting from an Imported Mesh
1. Right-click on the Mesh cell and select Import Mesh File. In the Open dialog, browse to find your desired mesh file and select Open. The process for CFX and FLUENT differs only in the types of files that are supported (as shown by the options shown in the Files of Type drop-down list). After selecting Open, the Mesh cell will change to Imported Mesh, and will show a green check mark to indicate an up-to-date state. The Geometry cell (which must be unused for the Import Mesh File option to be shown in the Mesh cell context menu) will be deleted from the system (examples shown below for both a CFX and a FLUENT-based Fluid Flow system).

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Working in ANSYS Workbench

2.

Double-click on the Setup cell or right-click and select Edit to load the physics pre-processor. From this point, follow the procedure described in Basic Fluid Flow Analysis, Starting from Geometry (p. 57).

It is also possible to bypass both the Geometry cell and the Mesh cell and begin the simulation process by importing a case file. Here the process differs slightly for CFX and FLUENT-based systems; each is described below.

Basic Fluid Flow Analysis, Starting from an Imported Case File: Fluid Flow (CFX) system
1. 2. Right-click on the Setup cell and select Import Case. In the Open dialog, browse to find your desired case file and select Open. If the Geometry and Mesh cells are unused (empty), then the unused cells are automatically deleted. Note that if either cell has an incoming or outgoing connection, then it is considered used, and will not be deleted. Since CFX supports multiple meshes imported into a single setup cell, if either of the Geometry or Mesh cells contains data, both cells will not be deleted. As a result, both the Mesh generated in the Mesh cell and the mesh imported from the Case file will be combined in CFX-Pre. Once the import is complete, you can double-click Setup cell or right-click and select Edit to start CFXPre. From this point, follow the procedure described in Basic Fluid Flow Analysis, Starting from Geometry (p. 57).

3.

4.

Basic Fluid Flow Analysis, Starting from an Imported Case File: Fluid Flow (FLUENT) system:
1. 2. 3. Right-click on the Setup cell and select Import FLUENT Case. Choose either from the list of recently used case files or choose Browse…. A warning dialog informs you that completing this action will result in the deletion of the Geometry and Mesh cells and any associated data. Click OK. After selecting the desired case file, the Geometry and Mesh cells will be deleted from the system. Any existing connections to the Geometry and Mesh cells will also be deleted. From this point, follow the procedure described in Basic Fluid Flow Analysis, Starting from Geometry (p. 57).

Creating and Linking a Second System
After you have created the first system in the Project Schematic, you can create additional systems. A subsequent system can be either an independent system or a dependent (connected) system that shares information with existing systems. Creating multiple independent systems in the same project is useful if you want to keep the analyses for related but separate components in the same ANSYS Workbench project (for example, two parts of the same vehicle). You may also want to create independent systems if you are analyzing the same model but using different solvers to compare the results, or when you are using different editors on independent yet related data; e.g., the Mechanical APDL application on an independent input file and the Mechanical application on a geometry file that has related origins to the input file of the Mechanical APDL system. Connected systems can be used for sequential physics coupling (e.g., thermal-stress) or for sequential simulation steps, such as a pre-stress modal (stress analysis followed by modal), mode superposition (modal followed by harmonic), etc. 58
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Creating and Linking a Second System When a second (or subsequent) system is linked to an existing system, ANSYS Workbench generates shares and data transfers between the systems to achieve a compound analysis. In this type of system, the two systems' solutions are interdependent. In other connected systems, specified components (e.g., geometry, Engineering Data) of the original system are shared with another system. However, the two systems are solved independently of each other. To create a second, independent Linear Buckling system, double-click a template in the Toolbox. A second system will be created on the row below any existing systems, and will contain no links to existing systems. You can also drag a template onto the Schematic to create another, independent system. However, when you drag, you will see all possible drop targets previewed, including linked possibilities. Be sure to drop the template over the preview that best reflects your engineering intent, in this case, create an independent system. To create a second, dependent (connected) system, drag the desired template onto the desired drop location preview and release the mouse button. Depending on the existing system(s), you will have multiple drop targets. Be aware that each drop target results in a different set of connections. The following animation demonstrates the various drop targets and their results. For example, selecting the Geometry cell as the drop target will result in a second system that will share the Engineering Data and Geometry data. Selecting the Model cell as the drop target will result in a second system that will share the Engineering Data, Geometry and Model data. The preview for each drop target will indicate how the new system will be connected to the existing one. If you select the Solution cell as the drop target, the preview will show the text “Share A2:A4 Transfer A6,” meaning that the data for cells A2, A3, and A4 (Engineering Data, Geometry, and Model in the following animation) would be shared, and data from cell A6 (in this case, Solution) would be transferred as input to the new system. It is important to review each potential drop target carefully to ensure that you select the target that best suits your needs. Note that in addition to the red, linked drop targets, you can also preview the green independent drop targets. The following Show-Me animations are presented as animated GIFs in the online help. If you are reading the PDF version of the help and want to see the animated GIF, please access this section in the online help. The interface shown may differ slightly from that in your installed product.

You can also create a connected system by selecting a cell in an existing system and choosing the Transfer Data to New... option on the context menu. You will be able to select from a list of all possible analysis types that can accept data from the selected cell. You can also create an upstream connection by choosing the Transfer Data from New... cell. You will be able to select from a list of all possible analysis types that can provide data to the cell you have selected. When using the Transfer Data options from the context menu, all possible cells will be shared, up to the position of the selected cell. The following animation

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Working in ANSYS Workbench demonstrates using the Transfer Data to New... option to add an upstream Linear Buckling system to an existing Static Structural system.

Note
If you have two systems that share cells, edit and reset are not available from the cells that are shared, only from the source (the cell that is being shared from). Either of the examples shown above will result in the following system:

Duplicating, Moving, Deleting, and Replacing Systems
Duplicating a System You can duplicate a system by selecting Duplicate from the context menu. The result of the operation will depend on the location from which the Duplicate operation is initiated. To create a duplicate system in which all cells can be edited completely independently from the original system, right click on the system header and select Duplicate. Note that when a Mechanical system containing Results is duplicated, the results will NOT be copied to the new system. The following Show-Me Animations are presented as animated GIFs in the online help. If you are reading the PDF version of the help and want to see the animated GIF, please access this section in the online help. The interface shown may differ slightly from that in your installed product.

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Submitting Solutions for Local, Background, and Remote Solve Manager (RSM) Processes If the Duplicate operation is initiated from one of the cells in the system, all cells above the one selected for duplication will be shared. The cell selected for duplication can be edited independently. For example, if you select Duplicate from the Geometry cell, the Engineering data cell is shared, allowing you to edit the Geometry cell in the duplicate system to investigate a geometric alternative. Data from the Model cell and below is copied from the original system and can be modified independently.

If you select Duplicate from the Model cell, the Engineering Data and Geometry cells are shared, allowing you to edit the Model cell in the duplicate system to investigate an alternative modeling approach. All data in the Setup cell and below is copied from the original system and can be modified independently. If you select Duplicate from the Setup cell, the Engineering Data, Geometry and Model cells are shared, allowing you to edit the Setup cell in the duplicate system to investigate alternate loads and constraints. All data in the cells below Setup is copied from the original system and can be modified independently. To duplicate multiple, connected systems (the equivalent of duplicating at the Model level with multiple environments in previous releases of the Mechanical application), you must use the Export capability in the Mechanical application to save a .mechdat. Then use ANSYS Workbench's File Import capability to import the .mechdat into your project to create the duplicated set of systems. Note that when a Mechanical system containing Results is duplicated, the results will NOT be copied to the new system. Moving Existing Systems You can move existing systems to another position on the schematic. To move a system, click on the header cell and drag the system to the new location. The preview will indicate possible move locations for the system. Deleting a System context menu. To delete a system from the Project Schematic, select Delete from the header cell

Replacing Existing Systems To replace a system, select the header cell and choose a replacement system from the context menu. All systems that can replace the existing system are listed under the Replace With... option.

Submitting Solutions for Local, Background, and Remote Solve Manager (RSM) Processes
You can use the Solution Process properties on the Solution cell of systems in your project to control where you run the solution (update) process. You can choose from the update options listed here. The defaults for these options are determined by the settings specified in the Solution Process preferences under Tools> Options.

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Working in ANSYS Workbench ? Run in Foreground -- the default manner of running, where solutions are run within the current ANSYS Workbench session. This option is appropriate for quick-running solutions that fit within the resources of your workstation. When a solution is executing in the foreground, you cannot change or save the project, but you can interrupt or stop the solution. This option is the most robust as it is not possible to make changes that impact the current solution. Run in Background -- allows you to run the solution in the background on the local machine. This option is appropriate for solutions that fit within the resources of your workstation but will take longer to execute. When a solution runs in the background, the cell enters the Pending state and you can interact with the project to exit ANSYS Workbench or work with other parts of the project. If you make changes to the project that are upstream of the updating cell, then the cell will not be in an up-to-date state when the solution completes.

?

Note
If you choose the Run in Background option for multiple solution components or for one solution component with multiple design points, your project and design point updates will run multiple instances of the solver at the same time. If you are using the "Share single license between applications when possible" option in the license preferences, only one of the solver runs will succeed. The others will fail because they cannot access the single license. There are two workarounds for this problem: – – Change the license preference to be Use a separate license for each application. This preference will allocate one license for each running solver. Instead of using the Run in Background option, use the Submit to Remote Solve Manager option and select the "localhost" as the solve manager and use the "Local" queue. RSM will queue the solve jobs so that only one is running at a time, and only one solver license will be in use at a time.

? ?

Use application default -- (Mechanical application only). Uses the solver settings specified in the Mechanical application. Submit to Remote Solve Manager -- allows you to run the solution in the background by submitting the solution to Remote Solve Manager (RSM). This option is used primarily for long running solutions that do not fit within your workstation's resources. Through submission to RSM, the solution can be executed on remote computing resources. RSM can also submit jobs to the local machine to allow the queuing of solutions on your workstation. When a solution is submitted to RSM, the Solution cell enters the Pending state, similar to the Run in Background option.

To use the Remote Solve Manager options, you must first configure RSM. For more information on configuring RSM, please refer to the Remote Solve Manager documentation or the tutorials posted on the Download Center of the customer portal (https://www1.ansys.com/customer/). If you choose Submit to Remote Solve Manager, you also have the following options, which are populated from or must use the settings from your existing RSM configuration. ? ? Solve Process Setting -- (Mechanical application only). This setting is the solving configuration that you have defined in Mechanical. Solve Manager -- This is the machine that is configured to manage the queues and compute servers to be used for the remote solution. Any Solve Managers that you have currently defined for RSM will appear in the drop-down list. You can choose one of those Solve Managers or you can specify the name of another machine. Queue -- You can select from the queues that you have already defined for RSM.
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? 62

Submitting Mechanical Jobs to RSM ? Download Progress Information -- Specifies that the solver monitor should periodically query RSM for output files in order to display progress (where applicable). Queries to RSM begin when you initiate an action to display the solution progress (such as choosing the Display Monitors option in CFX). This option, available for CFX systems only, is enabled by default. Progress Download Interval -- Specifies the periodic time interval with which the solver should query RSM for output files in order to display progress. Default is 30 seconds. Setting this value to zero (0) results in continuous queries; that is, as soon as files are downloaded from the compute server, ANSYS Workbench will immediately query again. This option is available for CFX systems only.

?

If a project is unsaved and any cells in your project are configured to use RSM or run in the background, you must save the project or change the solution process settings of those cells to run in the foreground before you can update. The following sections describe how to use the Solution Process settings to submit a job to RSM for each of the solvers (where applicable).

Submitting Mechanical Jobs to RSM
See the following sections for more information: Submitting Mechanical Application Jobs to RSM Submitting Mechanical APDL Jobs to RSM

Submitting Mechanical Application Jobs to RSM
1. 2. 3. Configure your remote solution settings via Remote Solve Manager. See RSM Installation and Configuration for more information. From the Project Schematic, double-click the Solution cell in your Mechanical system to launch the Mechanical application. In the Mechanical application, choose Tools> Solve Process Settings... from the Main Menu. Follow the instructions in Using Solve Process Settings to configure your solution settings. The settings established here will be visible in the Solution Process properties in ANSYS Workbench. In ANSYS Workbench, select the Solution Process settings that you want to use for this solution and update the Solution cell (via a cell, system, project, or design point update). Alternatively, you can choose the desired solution configuration from the Mechanical application by selecting Solve from the Main Menu and choosing from the configurations listed in the dropdown list.

4. 5.

Workbench RSM Integration with the Mechanical Application
The properties associated with a Mechanical system's Solution cell include a Solution Process section. This section enables you to specify the Solve Process Setting for the Mechanical application to use when an Update operation is initiated from Workbench. You can select only an existing Solve Process Setting, but new Solve Process Settings can be added (and existing Solve Process Settings can be modified) by selecting Tools > Solve Process Settings in the Mechanical application.

Note
Any solve initiated in the Mechanical application will ignore the Solution component properties selected in Workbench, and will continue to work as they have in previous versions.

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Working in ANSYS Workbench

Example 1: Default Update with "My Computer" Set as the Default Solve Process Setting
In this case, the default Solve Process Setting in the Mechanical application is "My Computer". In Workbench, the Solution Process property Update Option is set to Use application default, which causes Mechanical to use its default Solve Process Setting.

Results: Solve Initiated From Workbench Mechanical Solve Process Setting Used My Computer My Computer

Example 2: Default Update with "My Computer, Background" Set as the Default Solve Process Setting
In this case, the default Solve Process Setting in the Mechanical application is "My Computer, Background".

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Submitting Mechanical Jobs to RSM

In Workbench, the Solution Process property Update Option is set to Use application default, which causes Mechanical to use its default Solve Process Setting. Results: Solve Initiated From Workbench Mechanical Solve Process Setting Used My Computer, Background My Computer, Background

Example 3: RSM Update Using "My Computer, Background", with "My Computer" Set as the Default Solve Process Setting
In this case, the default Solve Process Setting in the Mechanical application is "My Computer".

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Working in ANSYS Workbench

In Workbench, the Solution Process property Update Option is set to Submit to Remote Solve Manager. The Solve Process Setting selected in Workbench is My Computer, Background. Results: Solve Initiated From Workbench Mechanical Solve Process Setting Used My Computer, Background My Computer

Submitting Mechanical APDL Jobs to RSM
1. 2. Configure your remote solution settings via Remote Solve Manager. See RSM Installation and Configuration for more information. In ANSYS Workbench, select the Solution Process settings that you want to use for this solution and update the project.

Note
Mechanical APDL has the following limitations when used with Remote Solver Manager: ? ? ? Reconnect will not work after moving a project to another machine. Only one copy of a saved project that is in the pending state can reconnect successfully. You must manually save a project after a reconnect.

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Submitting Fluids Jobs to RSM

Submitting Fluids Jobs to RSM
See the following sections for more information: Submitting CFX Jobs to RSM Submitting POLYFLOW Jobs to RSM Submitting ANSYS FLUENT Jobs to RSM

Submitting CFX Jobs to RSM
1. 2. Configure your remote solution settings via Remote Solve Manager. See RSM Installation and Configuration for more information. In ANSYS Workbench, select the Solution Process settings that you want to use for this solution and update the project.

Note
ANSYS CFX has the following limitations when used with Remote Solver Manager: ? ? ? ? ? ? Reconnect will not work after moving a project to another machine. Only one copy of a saved project that is in the pending state can reconnect successfully. You must manually save a project after a reconnect. You cannot edit a run that is in progress. You cannot perform a remote backup. For runs that are submitted to a remote machine: – – – ? Serial runs and runs using HP MPI Local Parallel are always supported. Other local parallel modes must be supported on the job host. Distributed parallel is not supported.

Remote submission of ANSYS CFX simulations that refer to additional files is not supported for all file types. For example, simulations using boundary profile files, manually-selected initial values files, and user-defined functions are not supported for remote submission. A detailed list of supported and unsupported features can be found in Using Remote Solve Manager with ANSYS CFX in the CFX Introduction. The default update interval for Display Monitors is 30 seconds. Use the Download Progress Information and Progress Download Interval options under Tools > Options > Solution Process to enable/disable polling or to change the polling interval. The settings established here will also be visible in the Solution Process properties pane in ANSYS Workbench.

?

Submitting POLYFLOW Jobs to RSM
1. 2. Configure your remote solution settings via Remote Solve Manager. See RSM Installation and Configuration for more information. In ANSYS Workbench, select the Solution Process settings that you want to use for this solution and update the project.

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Working in ANSYS Workbench

Note
POLYFLOW has the following limitations when used with Remote Solver Manager: ? ? ? Reconnect will not work after moving a project to another machine. Only one copy of a saved project that is in the pending state can reconnect successfully. You must manually save a project after a reconnect.

Submitting ANSYS FLUENT Jobs to RSM
1. 2. Configure your remote solution settings via Remote Solve Manager. See RSM Installation and Configuration for more information. In ANSYS Workbench, select the Solution Process settings that you want to use for this solution, then update the project. An update of the Solution cell submits the job to RSM, moves into Pending mode for the duration of the solution, and then automatically reconnects at the end of the run.

Note
ANSYS FLUENT has the following limitations when used with Remote Solver Manager: ? You cannot submit a job to another machine; only local solve manager and job hosts are supported. However, you can use this feature to queue multiple jobs to run on the local machine, such as overnight or during other low-usage times. Only one copy of a saved project that is in the pending state can reconnect successfully. Multiphysics Coupling is not supported.

? ?

Using Journals and Scripts
ANSYS Workbench offers the ability to record the actions you perform via the GUI, which we refer to as journaling. Journals are recorded as Python-based scripts. You can modify these scripts or create new ones, which we refer to as scripting. Together, these capabilities allow you to quickly and easily replay analyses

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