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外研版高中英语选修6重点短语


BOOK 6 1. for lack of have no lack of lack for nothing be lacking in 2 in advance pay in advance stop the enemy's advance advanced English advanced worker 3. find the opportunity get an o

pportunity miss an/the opportunity catch/seize/take an opportunity 4. for certain be certain make certain ( of/that) sb. is certain that... It is certain that..... 5. be / feel nervous about be nervous of sth. cf. be anxious about / for 6. think of think highly/well of think little/badly of think about(doing) think of sb. as... think over 7. look away from look forward to sb. / sth. look into look out look through look up 8. in addition

Module 1 因缺乏...... 不缺乏...... 一无所缺 缺乏 预先,事先 预先付款 阻止敌军前进 高级英语 先进工人 找到机会 得到机会 失去机会 抓住机会 肯定地,确凿地 确信,深信 把......弄清楚/确实 某人一定...... ......是确定无疑的 对……感到忐忑不安 害怕某事 对……而焦虑/担心 想起,记起, 考虑,评价 高度评价 认为......不好 考虑 把某人当作...... 考虑;仔细思考 把目光从…移开 期望,盼望 审查;调查 当心,注意 浏览,看穿,仔细查看 仰视,查阅 除此之外;另外 除….之外(还) 适用于 向(某人)申请某物 将......应用到...... 帮某人一个忙 赞成/支持某人 对某人有利 (......的)答复 1. 20.

make no reply in reply to.... 12. absence from school/lecture in/during one's absence be absent form... 13. make an apology to sb.for sth. accept an apology owe sb.an apology apologize to sb.for (doing) sth. 14. be cautious about with caution 15. in consequence in consequence as a consequence of as a consequence = as a result 16. cheer sb. up cheer sb. on 17. leave out leave behind leave sb./sth. behind leave sb./sth.alone 18. be (well / fully) aware of be aware that... 19. show off on show show up show sb. in / out show sb. around 20. Theere is no need for sb. to do sth. There is no doubt that... There is no possibility that.. avoid doing of

没有回答 作为......的答复 缺课 在某人不在时 缺席...... 为某事向某人道歉 接受道歉 应向某人道歉 因某事向某人道歉 对......小心翼翼 小心翼翼,谨慎地 由于 结果,因此 由于,因为 结果 鼓舞或鼓励某人坚持下去 省去,略去,漏掉 遗忘,遗留,使落在后面 把......抛在脑后, 超过 让......独自待着,不去动它 (清楚地)知道;意识到 意识到...... 炫耀,卖弄 展出,展览 暴露,显露;来到,露面 带某人进来,出去 带领某人参观某地 某人没必要做某事 毫无疑问...... 不可能 避免干某事 准备好做某事 某种的 经受,经历 (苦难,困境等) 有共同之处 没有共同之处 举止得体/差劲 注意举止,守规矩 犹豫不决做… 毫不犹豫/情愿做某事 毫不迟疑 使某人高兴起来 / 振作起来

21. have/ get / make sth. ready 22 23. a certain go through

= as well = besides

in addition to sth. = as well as = besides 9. apply (oneself) to apply (to sb.) for sth. apply... to ... 10. do sb. a favour = do a favour for sb. in favour of sb. in sb.'s favour 11. a reply (to)

23. have sth. in common have nothing in common

Module 2
behave well/badly behave oneself 2. hesitate to do sth

hesitate about/at/in/over(doing)sth 对于做某事犹豫不决 have no hesitaion in something

without (a moment's / any) hesitation

3.

in the wrong/right direction in all directions in the direction of under one's direction

走错了/对了方向 向四面八方 朝…方向 在某人的指导下 渴望得到某物 渴望(某人)做某事 在…中起重要作用 在…中起…作用 扮演…角色 放下,写下 建造;张贴;提高 保留;暂不考虑 放好,收好 推迟,推延;阻止,劝阻 伸出, 维持,坚持 阻挡,抑制 1. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

⑤ On + 名词 / 动名词 eg. On his arrival/ On arriving at the airport, he was arrested by the police (be) stupefied with (be) invisible to sb. cast about (for) without (any) doubt make one’s head swim (be) laden with 因(疲劳等)昏昏沉沉 对某人来说是看不见的 寻找,搜索,想办法 毫不怀疑 (使)人头晕目眩 充满, 装满 用手, 用手工 Module 3 a small/large amount of 少量/大量的 大量的 (后跟不可数 (后跟可数名 许多的 突然发生, 突然…起来 突然哭起来 突然笑起来 突然唱起来 突然开始(做某事) 突然哭起来、笑起 来、唱起来 burst into a place burst with anger 3. knock sb.over = knock sb.down knock at knock into knock...against 4. lose interest in have an interest in with interest develop an interest in interest sb.in sth be interested in sth 5. turn round = turn around turn to sb. turn in turn on turn off turn down turn up turn out 6. count...as... 突然闯入某地 勃然大怒 打倒 / 撞倒某人 敲(门) 撞在某人身上;与……不期而遇 把(头等)磕在……上 对……失去兴趣 对……有兴趣 有兴趣地, 津津有味地 对……产生了兴趣 使某人对某事感兴趣 对…..感兴趣 转身 转向某人, 求助于某人 上交 打开(收音机等) 关掉(收音机等) 关小(音量), 拒绝 调高(音量) ,出现,露面 结果是,证明是;外出 把……当作 名词,修饰用量来计算的东西) a large number of 词,修饰用数来计算的东西) amounts of 2. burst out doing eg. burst out crying burst out laughing burst out singing burst into + n. eg. burst into tears/laughter/song

4.

long for sth long (for sb) to do sth play an important part in … play...part /role in... play the part / role of...

5.

6.

put down put up put aside put away put off

23. by hand

7.

hold out hold back hold on hold up

(打电话用语) 等一会,别挂断;握住不放 举起,支持住,阻挡 注视,盯着看 照看,留意 注视,凝视;选定 使(女儿)嫁给某人 娶/嫁某人 和某人结婚(表动作) 和某人已婚(表状态) 对某人有吸引力 呼吁/请求某人做某事 诉诸/求助与某物 实现理想/目标 拥有… 某物为某人所有 与…有联系 使…和..有联系 和…交往 限制某人/某物 无丝毫限制 对…无限制 对... 加以限制

8.

keep/ have one’s eye on keep an eye on

9. 10.

fix on marry sb.to sb. marry sb. get married to sb. be married to sb.

11.

appeal to sb. appeal to sb.to do sth./for sth. appeal to sth.

12. 13.

attain one's ideal/aim be in possession of sth. be in the possession of sb.

14.

be associated with associate...with... associate (oneself) with...

15.

restrict sb./sth.

restrict oneself to sth./doing sth. 限制某人某事或做某事 without restriction There is no restriction on... put a restriction on 16. “一??就 ?? ” 的表达 ①the moment/minute/second/instant... ②no sooner... than ... ③hardly/scarcely ... when... ④immediately/instantly/directly. . .

count on 7. regret doing sth regret to do...

指望,依靠 后悔做了某事 很遗憾地要做某事 2. 因某事责骂某人 原谅某人某事 过去的事就算了,既往不咎 (别人道谢时回答)不客气 更不用说,且不说,此外 提到……;说道……. 和好,和解,编造,虚构,组成 保持联系 与…….有联系 与…….失去/无联系 与……取得联系 与……失去联系 与某人关系很好 从长期/短期来看 对……感到惭愧 以做某事为耻 对……感到惭愧 多可惜 做某事是可耻的 / 遗憾的 ……是可耻的事,遗憾的事 使人想起…… 记住某事 下决心 改变主意 作为报答,作为交换 作为对…..的报答(或回报) 依次,轮流;相应地;转而 享有……的福气 检查,搜查 变质,变坏 变瞎 饿了 疯了 属于……; 是……的成员 9. 7. 6. 3. 4. 5.

= an ambition of doing sth. achieve one’s ambition be ambitious to do sth. with / in regard to regard...as... regardless of feel / be depressed about / at (be) true of / for give life to sth. give one’s life to bring...to life come to life lose one’s life live a...life make contact with 实现某人的夙愿 有雄心/志向做某事 关于{用于点题} 将......看作...... 不管,不顾 因......而感到沮丧 与......情况相同 赋予某物生命(生命力,活力) 为......而献出生命 使复活,给......以动力 苏醒过来, 变得生动 (有趣) 丧生,死 过着......的生活 与......接触,和......通信 与......取得联系 be / stay in contact with get in contact with make / lose contact with put sb . in contact with 与......保持联系 与......取得联系 与......取得/失去联系 使某人得以与......取得联系 与......情况相同

(不定式动词常用 tell, say, inform 等少数几个) 8. 9. scold sb. for sth./doing sth. forgive sb. for sth. forgive and forget 10. Don't mention it. not to mention make mention of 11. 12. make up keep/stay in touch be in touch with be out of touch with get in touch with lose touch with 13. be on good terms with sb. in terms of in the long/short term 14. be ashamed of be ashamed to do sth. be / feel ashamed that... what a shame! It's a shame to do sth. It's a shame that... 15. bring … to mind bear/keep sth.in mind make up one's mind change one's mind 16. in return in return for in turn 17. 18. be blessed with go through

按照…..,依据……,从……方面来说

It’s the same with... = So it is with...

(表示前面的情况也适合后者,尤其是前面说了两种以上的 情况) 8. neither/nor+be(have,助动词,情态动词)+另一主语 ?? 也不 in relief to one’s relief 10. present sb. with sth. present sth. to sb. present sb. to sb at present 11. all of a sudden = suddenly 12. draw upon / on draw back draw in draw up draw near 13. in addition to in addition = besides 14. push one’s way through 15. take … seriously 轻松地 使某人欣慰的是 向某人颁发某物;给某人造成 向某人陈述(观点、计划等) 引见某人给某人 现在,目前 突然地 利用,凭借,依赖 闪避,后退 (白昼)变短;使(某人)卷入某事 起草,草拟;到达某处停下 (时间、空间的)临近 除此之外(还) 此外 挤进 重视,当真 一方面…, 另一方面…… Module 5

19. go bad
go blind go hungry go mad 20. 21. belong to …

from the bottom of one’s heart 真心诚意的, 发自内心的 Module 4 联合起来反对 使......与......结合 做某事的雄心壮志

1.

combine against combine...with... an ambition to do sth.

16. on the one hand…, on the other hand…

1.be terrified of be terrified by/at 2. in disgust to one’s disgust=to the disgust of sb much to one’s disgust 3. refuse to do sth. 4. contrast. . .with. . . contrast with in contrast to/with by contrast 5. for fear of/that fear to do/doing 6. burn out burn away burn down burn. . .to the ground burn up 7.throw away throw up throw oneself on. . . 8. be identical in be identical to/with 9. be beneficial to sb. benefit from be of benefit 10.cure sb of. . . a cure for 11. resist doing sth 12. accompany sb.to sp accompany sb.on/at the+乐器 keep sb.company 13. be absorbed in 14. knock sth.out knock sb.out 15. break down break away from break in break into break out 16. up and down

害怕. . . 因…而吓了一跳 愤愤地 使某人厌恶的是 拒绝做某事 使. . .与. . . 形成对比 形成对照 与. . .对比起来 相比之下 以免,唯恐 害怕做. . . (火)燃尽;使筋疲力尽 烧毁,烧掉,烧光 烧毁(建筑物等) 把. . . 烧成平地 烧得更旺,烧光,烧掉 扔掉,把(机会等)丢掉 举起,抛起;吐出;呕吐 扑倒在. . .上 在. . .方面是相同的 与. . .一模一样 对某人有益 受益于 有益,有好处 治愈某人的(病等) ..的疗法 . 忍住做某事 (常用于否定句) .陪某人去某地 用乐器为某人伴奏 陪伴某人 全神贯注于,专心致志于 将..淘汰掉;击倒 . 使某人筋疲力尽 分解;出故障, (健康等)垮掉 逃脱.. .,逃离; 插话,非法闯入 破门而入; 突然开始 (笑、 欢呼等) (战争,火灾)突然爆发 上上下下,来来回回 依靠,依赖 确保,务必 使某人非常厌恶的是

2.occupy oneself with sth./in doing sth =be occupied with sth./in doing sth 3.abandon oneself to sth. 忙于(做)某事 陷于某事;沉溺于某事 借酒浇愁 因某事而谴责某人 判处某人死刑 判处某人做某事 向…宣战 宣称赞成/反对 宣布某人为… 宣布…开幕 救起,用车接某人,学会 为…做出牺牲 牺牲生命/时间做某事 为某事牺牲 处于混乱/凌乱的状态 把…搞得一团糟 搞乱,陷入混乱 做某事是值得的 某事值得做 某事值得做 作为交换,作为回报,反过来 反过来; 结果; 转而 引起某人的注意 某事引起某人的注意 pay/give attention to sth. focus/fix one’s attention on direct/turn one’s attention to sth. devote one’s attention to sth. 13. in shape in the shape of out of shape 注意,留心 留心,专心于 将注意力转向某事 专心于某事 呈…的形状,以..的形式 身体状况不好的;变形的 应该做某事 欠(某人)债(因某物) 位于, 坐落在 被卷入, 陷入 为……干杯 浏览, 通读一遍 期待/ 盼望(做)某事 愿意/欣然做某事

4.drown one’s sorrows/troubles in drink 5.condemn sb.for sth condemn sb.to death condemned sb. to do sth. 6. declare war on… declare for/against declare sb.(to be)… declare…open 7. pick up 8. make a sacrifice for sacrifice one’s life/time to do sth sacrifice oneself for/to sth. 9. in a mess make a mess of mess up 10. It is worthwhile doing sth./to do sth. Sth. is worth doing. Sth. is worthy of being done. = Sth. is worthy to be done. 11. in return Cf. in turn 12. draw one’s attention draw/attract/catch/get one’s attention to sth.

在形状上,在外形上, 处于良好状态

14. be supposed to do sth. = should do sth. 15. owe sth.(to sb.)(for sth.) owe sth.to sb. 16. be situated on / at 17. be involved in 18. drink to sb./ sth. Module 7 1、 look through 2、 look forward to sth. / doing sth. 3、be willing to do

把…归功于某人; 对某人有义务;感激

17. rely on / upon = depend on / upon 18. make sure Module 6

1.occupy one’s mind/thought/occupation 占据头脑/思维/注意力


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