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【讲练测】2016年高考英语一轮复习 Unit 4 Earthquakes(讲)(含解析)新人教版必修1


Unit 4 Earthquakes
单元知识预览 项目 单词及其词性变化(语法填空必备) 1.burst vi.爆裂;爆发 n.突然破裂,爆发 2.event n.事件;大事 3.nation n.民族;国家;国民→national adj.国家的,民族的→nationality n.国籍 4.ruin n.废墟;毁灭 vt.毁灭;使破产 5.suffering n.

苦难;痛苦→suffer v.受苦,遭受 6.extreme adj.极度的→extremely adv. 7.injure vt.损害;伤害→injured adj.受伤的→injury n.伤害,损害 8.destroy vt.破坏;毁坏;消灭 9.useless adj.无用的;无效的;无益的→useful(反义词)→use v. & n.使用,利用 10.shock vt. & vi.(使)震惊;震动 n.休克;打击;震惊 11.rescue n. & vt.援救;营救 重点单词 12.trap vt.使陷入困境 n.陷阱;困境 13.electricity n.电;电流;电学→electric adj.用电的;带电的;发电的→electrical adj.与电有关的;电学的 14.disaster n.灾难;灾祸 15.bury vt.埋葬;掩埋;隐藏 16.shelter n.掩蔽;掩蔽处;避身处 17.damage n. & vt.损失;损害 18.frighten vt.使惊吓;吓唬→frightened adj.受惊的;受恐吓的→frightening adj.令 人恐惧的 19.judge n.裁判员;法官 vt.断定;判断;判决→judgement n.判断,判决 20.express vt.表示;表达 n.快车;速递→expression n.表达→expressive adj.有表现力 的 1.right away 立刻 重点短语 3.in ruins 成为废墟 5.a(great) number of 许多;大量的 2.at an end 结束 4.dig out 掘出;发现 6.give out 分发;发出(气味、热等)

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7.thousands of 成千上万 9.blow away 吹走;刮走 11.instead of 代替

8.think little of 不重视;不假思索 10.be proud of 以??而自豪 12.be trapped in 陷入??之中

13.be known for/as 因为/作为??出名 14.bring in 引进;引来 1.In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 在农 家院子里,鸡和猪都烦躁不安,以致不吃食。 经典句型 (高考书 面表达必 备) 2.It seemed as if the world was at an end! 世界似乎到了末日! 3.All hope was not lost. 不是所有的希望都破灭了。 4.Mice ran out of the fields looking for places to hide. 老鼠从田地里跑出来找地方 藏身。 5. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.工人们为那 些家园遭受破坏的幸存者建了住所。 必备语法 (高级句 型) 名词性从句(2)

晨读范文背诵 背诵这篇范文注意划线部分的用法 【2015·湖北卷】 请根据以下提示,并结合具体事例,用英语写一篇短文。 Questioning is a bridge to learning. When you begin to doubt something and search for an answer,you will learn. 注意:①无须写标题; ②除诗歌外,文体不限; ③内容必须结合你生活中的具体事例; ④文中不得透露个人姓名和学校名称; ⑤词数不少于 120,如引用提示语则不计入总词数。

One possible version:
Questioning can lead to searching for an answer. If we are in the habit of raising doubts as to whether what we are told is true, we can find the correct answer and learn more.

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Two years ago, our teacher offered us an answer to a difficult maths problem in class. Although the answer seemed a little strange, nobody but I doubted it. Thinking that his solution might be wrong, I carefully analysed the problem and tried to work it out in a different way. Half an hour later, I managed to find the correct answer. When I showed my answer to him, the teacher praised me for my independent thinking. From this experience I have learnt that questioning can serve as a bridge that helps us to seek the truth. 语言知识精析 重点单词精讲 考点 1.burst vi. (burst, burst) 爆裂;爆发 n. 突然破裂;爆发 【教材原句】In the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracked and burst. but the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, were asleep as usual that night.在市内,有些建筑物里的水管爆裂开来。但是,唐山市的一百万居民 几乎都没有把这些情况当一回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。 【例句研读】 (1)She burst out crying for a while, and burst into laughter for another moment, which made us at a loss.她一会儿突然哭起来,一会儿又___________,这使我们一头雾 水。 (1)突然笑起来

(2)We all thought his heart would burst with happiness. 我们都认为他心中的快乐快要____________了。 (3)The police burst in and arrested the gang. 警察______________逮捕了那帮人。 【归纳拓展】 burst out 迸发;突然发作;突然??起来 burst into 闯入;突然出现;突然??起来;突然发作 burst into tears/songs/laughter/angry speech 突然哭/唱/笑/吵起来 burst out crying/singing/laughing 突然哭起来/唱起来/笑起来 burst in 闯入 (3)突然闯进来 (2)爆发出来

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burst with anger/grief/joy 勃然大怒/心痛欲绝/乐不可支 be bursting to do 渴望,急着要做(某事) at a(one) burst 一阵;一口气;一举;一下 a burst of anger 怒火的迸发 【即时巩固】 单项填空 1. One minute she burst into ____, and the next she burst out ____. We just couldn’t catch her mood at any moment. A.crying; laughter C.tears; laughter B.tears; laughing D.crying; laughing

B 考查动词短语的用法。burst into 与 burst out 意思相近,但搭配不同;burst into 后 跟名词;而 burst out 后加 doing。句意:她一会哭,一会笑的,不管什么时候,我们都不 能理解她的情绪。故选 B 2.Rose’s humor was________ make every student burst into_______. A.so amused as to?laughter B.so amusing as to? laughter

C.such that?laughing D.so that? laughing 【答案】B

完成句子 3.After that, he ______________________(突然大哭起来). 4.There came _______________________(一阵笑声). 5.He blew the balloon ________________(直到它爆裂为止). 【答案】(1)burst out crying/burst into tears (2)a burst of laughter (3)until it burst 考点 2.ruin n. [U]毁坏;毁灭,崩溃[C](pl.) 废墟,遗迹 v. (使)破产,(使)堕落,毁 灭 【教材原句】In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins.在可怕的 15 秒 钟内,一座大城市就沉沦在一片废墟之中。

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【例句研读】 (1)Drink was his father's ruin and it will be the ruin of him too. 酗酒是他父亲________的原因,他也将遭同样的__________。 (1)失败; 厄运 (2)Years of fighting have left the area in ruins. 多年的战事已经使得这个地区__________。 (2)一片废墟

(3)A large number of churches fell to ruin after the revolution. 革命过后,许多 教堂________。 (3)都毁了 (4)The heavy rain ruined our holiday. 大雨把我们的假期彻底__________。 (5)If you go on like this, you'll ruin yourself. 如果你继续这样下去,你会自己___________。 【归纳拓展】 in ruins 成为废墟;破败不堪 be the ruin of 成为??毁灭(堕落)的原因 come/fall to ruin 毁灭,灭亡;崩溃;破坏掉 bring sb. to ruin 使某人失败;使倾家荡产 bring ruin upon oneself 自取灭亡 ruin oneself 自取灭亡 ruin one's health/fame 毁坏某人的健康/名誉 【即时巩固】 根据汉语提示完成句子 (1)An earthquake________________________(使全城到处是颓垣断壁).(leave) (2)Some pre-war constructions were abandoned and eventually ________________(成 了废墟). (3)That one mistake ________ (毁坏)his chances of getting the job. 【答案】(1)left the whole city in ruins (2)fell/came to ruin(3)ruined (4)His future lies __________ because he was caught stealing in the shop and put into prison. A.as usual B.in ruins (5)毁了自己 (4)搞糟了

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C.by mistake 【答案】B

D.on purpose

考点:考查介词短语辨析 考点 3.injure vt. 损害,伤害 【教材原句】 The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000. 死伤的人数达到 40 多万。 【例句研读】 (1)The boy injured his leg. 这个男孩把腿_____________。 (1)弄伤了

(2)Your remark may injure her pride. 你的话也许会___________。 (2)伤她的自尊

(3)I didn't mean to do her an injury. 我并未打算_________她。 【归纳拓展】 injury n. 伤,伤口;伤害 do an injury to sb.伤害某人 an injured look/expression 委屈的样子/表情 感 【即时巩固】 用 wound, hurt 或 injure 的适当形式填空 (1)His cold behaviour ________ her deeply. (2)The bullet________ him in the shoulder. (3)He was ________ in the accident. (4)When the girl learned that her boyfriend was ________ in the earthquake, she ________. A.injured; burst in tear injured adj. 受伤的,受委屈的 the injured 伤员 injured pride/feelings 受到伤害的自尊/情 (3)伤害

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B.killed; burst out tears C.still alive; burst into tears D.missing; burst into laughter 【答案】(1)hurt (2)wounded (3)injured(4)C 考查词语辨析及 burst 短语的用法。句意: 当女孩听说她男朋友在地震中还活着,她喜极而泣。burst into tears=burst out crying。 be injured 指“被伤害”;be killed 指“被杀死”;missing 指“丢失的,丧失的”。根 据语境应选 C。 考点 4.shock n. [U;C]打击;震惊;震动;休克 vt. 使震惊,使惊愕 【教材原句】People were shocked.人们惊呆了。 【例句研读】 (1)The news of his wife's death was a terrible shock to him. 他妻子去世的消息_________________。 (2)He was shocked at her smoking. 看到她在吸烟,他很______________。 (2)吃惊 (1)对他打击太大了

(3) It shocked me to see how my neighbours treated their children. 看到邻居们如何对待孩子,我感到________。 (3)震惊 【归纳拓展】 be shocked at/by (doing) sth. 被震惊 be shocked to do sth. 惧怕做某事 It shocked sb. to see/hear...看见/听到??使某人震惊。 (be) a shock to sb. 对某人来说是个打击 提示:shocked adj. 感到惊奇的,惊讶的(主语多为人) shocking adj. 令人气愤的,令人惊讶的(主语多为物) 【即时巩固】 (1)____________________ the sight. 这情景使我大为震惊。 (2)If you touch a live wire, __________________. 如果你摸带电的线,就会触电。 (3)The message __________________________.

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这条消息使他震惊。 (4)The ________ news made all the people present ________. A.shocking; shocking B.shocking; shocked C.shocked; shocking D.shocked; shocked (5)—Have you heard of ________ death of Steven Jobs? — Yes. It must be________ shock to Apple fans. A.the; the B.a; the C.the; a D.a; /

【答案】(1)I am/was shocked at/by(2)you will get a shock (3)makes/made him shocked (4)B(5)C 考查冠词题。第一格特指乔布斯的死;第二格 a shock 是指一件令人惊讶的 事情。 考点 5.bury vt. 埋葬;掩埋;隐藏 【教材原句】The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead.部队人员组成小分队,将受困的人们挖出来,将死者掩埋。 【例句研读】 (1)He was sitting with his head buried in a book.他坐着__________。 (1)埋头看书 (2)He walked slowly, his hands buried in his pockets. 他走得很慢,两手_________。 (2)插在衣袋里 (3)After the divorce, she buried herself in her work.离婚后,她____________。 (3) 埋头于工作 【归纳拓展】 bury oneself in study 埋头研究 bury oneself in (doing) sth. 专心致力于(做)某事 be buried in thoughts 沉思 bury one's face in one's hands 双手掩面 be buried alive 被活埋;隐居 提示:表示“专心于,致力于”意义的短语还有:be devoted to, be addicted to, be absorbed in 等。 【即时巩固】

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1. _______ in thought, I didn’t notice what was happening. A.Having buried 【答案】C B.Burying C.Buried D.To be buried

考点:考查形容词用法 2.【2014 届四川省绵阳市南山中学高三 12 月月考】 ________ deep down in the earth for thousands of years, the dead forest has rotted away and become coal. A.Having buried C.Buried 【答案】C 【解析】 试题分析:句意:被埋在了泥土中数万年,死亡的森林已经腐烂变成了煤。动作 bury 与其 逻辑主语 the dead forest 是被动关系,故用过去分词作原因状语,选 C。 考点:考查过去分词的用法 3. 【2015 届浙江余杭普通高中第二共同体高三上期中】 After starting work, Cao spent his evenings _____ in his books and was eventually admitted to a secondary technical school. A.burying B.buried C.being buried D.having buried 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析:考查非谓语动词 句意:在开始工作后,Cao 花费晚上的时间埋头读书,最后被 一所中等专科学校录取了。此题容易误选 A,spend time/money doing sth“花费时间或者 钱做某事”,而此处只表示埋头读书这一状态,不强调动作,be buried in “埋头于”, 做状语时省略 be 动词,答案选 B。 考点 : 考查非谓语动词 B.Being buried

D.To be buried

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考点 6.judge v. 断定;判断;判决 n. 裁判员;法官;评判员 【教材原句】Your speech was heard by a group of five judges, all of whom agreed that it was the best one this year.评委会的五位评委听了你的演讲,他们都认为你的演讲是 今年最好的。 【例句研读】 (1)Don't judge a book by its cover. 勿________取人。 (1)以貌 (2) Judging from/by his accent, he must be a southerner. 根据他的口音_________,他一定是个南方人。 (2)判断 (3)He was judged to be the best actor of this year. 他____________今年的最佳男演员。 (3)被评为 【归纳拓展】 judgment n. 判断,审判,意见,判断力 judge sb./sth. from/by... 从??来判断 as far as I can judge 据我判断,我认为 【即时巩固】 1.【2014 届湖南省雅礼中学高三月考英语】 ________ from what she said at the meeting, she must have lied to all of us. A.Judged 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析:考查评述性状语:句意:根据她在开会的时候说的话,她一定对我们所有的人撒 谎了。 Judging by/from 是评述性状语“根据?来判断”, 不需要考虑和后面的主语的关系, 选 B。 2. It was so dark in the cinema that I could hardly ______ my friend. A.ignore 【答案】C 【解析】动词辨析。A 忽视,不理睬;B 判断;C 认出;D 意识到。句意:电影院里如此黑, 以至于我几乎不能认出我的朋友来。根据句意说明 C 正确。 B.judge C.recognize D.realize B.Judging C.To judge D.Judge judging by/from 从??上看,根据??判断 judge between right and wrong 判断是非 in one's judgement 依某人看来,按某人的看法

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3.

to be the best one in the group, she had an opportunity to enter for the

final competition. A.Judging 【答案】D B.To Judge C.Having judged D.Judged

考点:考查分词做状语 重点短语精讲 考点 1.right away 立刻,马上 【教材原句】 Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away 设想你们家开始摇晃,你必须马上离开。 【例句研读】 (1)I want it to be sent right away. 马上把它发出去。 (2)He cleaned the room right away. 他立即开始打扫房间。 (3)He’s not in the office right now. 他现在不在办公室。 【归纳拓展】 (1)表示“立刻,马上”的短语 without delay/right now/immediately/at once/in no time/right off (2)比较 right away/right now right away“立刻,马上”,相当于 at once, in no time。 right now“立即, 马上; 此时此刻”, 后一意义比 now 的语气强, 相当于 at this very moment。 【即时巩固】 考点 2.at an end 终止;结束 【教材原句】It seemed as if the world was at an end!世界似乎到了末日! 【例句研读】

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(1)The year is at an end. 这一年已到___________了。 (1)年终 (2)The meeting came to an end.

会议_____________了。 (2)结束 (3)Go straight and you’ll find the hospital at the end of the road. 一直往前走,你会在_______________找到这家医院。 (3)这条路的尽头 (4)They argued for two hours on end. 他们____________辩论了两个小时。 (4)一连 【归纳拓展】 bring...to an end (使)结束,终止 at the end of 在??尽头(末) 用) in the end 最后,终于 (后不加 of 短语) on end 一连,连续 to the end 到底 make ends meet 收支相抵 【即时巩固】 英汉互译 (1)He didn't answer it right away. ________________________________________________________________________ (2)立刻给他打电话。(right away) ________________________________________________________________________ (3)We will take care of this right away. ________________________________________________________________________ (4)此刻我们不能谈论这个问题。(right now) ________________________________________________________________________ 【答案】(1)他没有马上回答。(2)Call/Ring him (up) right away.(3)我们将立刻处理此 事。(4)We can't discuss this question right now. 考点 3.a (great) number of 许多;大量的 【教材原句】Such a great number of people died because the quake happened while they without end 没完没了 come to an end 结束,终止 by the end of 到??末为止(常与完成时态连

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were sleeping. 【例句研读】 (1)There ______ (be) a great number of books in the shelves. (2)The number of guests invited ______ (be) 50, but a number of them ______ (be) absent for the heavy rain. (3)Quantities of water ______ (be) polluted now. (4)A great deal of oil ______ (be) poured into the sea and did great harm to creatures in the water. (5)Many a famous writer ______(be) an alumnus(撰搞人) of a local newspaper. 【答案】 (1)are(2)was;were(3)are(4)was(5)is 【归纳拓展】 a large/great/good number of; a great/good many; a good few; quite a few+可数名词 复数 many a/more than one+单数可数名词+单数谓语动词 a great/good deal of; a great/large amount of; quite a little+不可数名词 a lot/lots of; a great/large quantity of; large quantities of; plenty of+可数名词 复数或不可数名词 提示:(1)a number of 是“许多,大量”的意思,后接可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数。 the number of 是“??的数目”的意思,谓语动词用单数。 (2)large quantities of +(pl.)/[U]做主语,谓语动词用复数。 large amounts of+[U] n.做主语,谓语动词用复数。 【即时巩固】 (1)____________________( 许多学生 ) find it hard to find an acceptable job after graduation.(number) (2)A great number of new factories ____________________________(被建立)in my hometown since 1987. (3)____________ (大量的金钱已被花) on the new hospital since 1980. (4)A large number of students in our school ________ from the countryside; the number ________ growing these years.

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A.is; has been

B.are; has been

C.is; have been D.are; have been 【答案】(1)A great/large number of students(2)have been built/set up(3)Lots of/A lot of money has been spent (4) B 考查主谓一致。 “a number of+复数名词”作主语, 谓语动词用复数形式; the number of“??的数量”作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。句意:我们学校很多学生来自农村,并 且来自农村的学生数量这些年来一直在增长。 考点 4. as usual 【教材原句】Wang Wei rode in front of me as usual. She is very reliable and I knew I didn’t need to encourage her.像往常一样,王薇在我的前面,她很可靠,我知道我用 不着给她鼓劲儿。 【例句研读】 Lily got up at 6 o’clock________(像往常一样) ,but she realized it was Sunday as soon as she prepared her school bag. Lily 像往常一样六点钟起床,但当她准备书包时才意识到那是星期天。 【答案】as usual 【归纳拓展】 usual adj. 通常的;平常的

usually adv. 通常地;平常地 ?than usual 比平常?? 【即时巩固】 1. Lily got up at 6:00 o'clock _______ but she realized it was Sunday soon. D.at last

A.as usual B.as possible C.at present 【答案】A 【解析】

试题分析:词义辨析。A 和通常一样;B 尽可能;C 目前;现在;D 最后,终于;句意:Lily 和往常一样在六点就起床了。但是她很快就发现是周日。根据句意说明 A 正确。 考点:考查词义辨析

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2. —How often do you eat out? —___, but usually once a week. A.I have no idea B.It depends

C.As usual D.Generally speaking 【答案】B

考点:考查情景交际的用法。 经典句型剖析 考点 1. It seemed as if 【教材原句】It seemed as if the world was at an end! 世界似乎到了末日! 【句法分析】It seems (to sb.) that... (对某人来说)似乎??=Sb. seems to do/to be doing/to have done... It seems as if/though... “似乎(好像)??”,可接虚拟语气。 seem+(to be)+n./adj. 似乎是?? There seems to be... 好像有?? It seems so. (=So it seems.) 似乎是那样。 【例句研读】 ①It seemed that he had known the truth.=He seemed to have known the truth. 他 好像知道了真相。 ②His father seems (to be) strict.他父亲似乎很严厉。 ③There seemed to be a voice in the distance.似乎远处有人说话。 ④It always seemed as though everything in my childhood had just happened.我童年 的一切仿佛刚刚发生一样。 【拓展归纳】 seem/look/appear (1)seem 暗含有一定的根据, 往往是接近实际的判断, 后可接介词、 形容词、 不定式或从句。 (2)look 着重由视觉而得出的印象,可与 like 连用,但不能与不定式连用。可接 as if
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从句,不接 that 从句。 (3)appear 强调外表给人的印象,而且事实往往并非如此。可接 that 从句,不接 as if 从句。 【考点聚焦】考查 seem 的用法。 【即时巩固】 1. Today we have chat rooms, text messaging, emailing? but we seem ______ the art of communicating face-to-face. A.losing B.to be losing D.having lost

C.to be lost 【答案】B

【解析】 考查固定结构。seem to do sth 好像要做某事;再根据时间状语 Today,应指我 们似乎正在失去面对面的交流艺术。所以选 B。 2. _______, nobody was injured in the accident. A.As it may seem strange C.Strange as it may seem 【答案】C B.Because it may seem strange D.Strange as may it seem

3.—What a noise! I can hardly stand it. —It ______ as if they are having a party next door. A.looks C.appears 【答案】B 【解析】C、D 项不接 as if 从句。A 项不合题意。考查 It seems as if...句式。 考点 2 too . . . to . . .结构 B.seems D.happens

【教材原句】In the farmyards, the chickens and even the pigs were too nervous to eat. 在农家院子里,鸡和猪都烦躁不安,以致不吃食。 【句法分析】 too...to... 句型表示“太??以至于不能??(表否定)”,可转化为

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not...enough to...和 so...that...。 提示:(1)当 too 后接 easy, ready, happy, willing, eager 或 anxious 时,to 后的动 词表示肯定。例如: The book is too easy to understand.这本书太容易理解了。 He was too anxious to leave.他急于离开。 (2)too...not to... 句式表示肯定意思。例如: He is too careful not to have noticed it.他那么细心,不会不注意到这一点的。 (3)too...to...中 too 前面用了否定词(如 never)时,表示肯定。例如: It is never too late to mend.改过不嫌晚。 (4)only too...to...表示肯定,其中 too 后的形容词多数是表示某种心情的,如 glad, pleased, willing, thankful, delighted, determined 等, 也有描绘性的形容词, 如 good, kind, true 等。例如: The girl is only too kind to help us.这姑娘非常乐于帮助我们。 【例句研读】 The child is too young to dress himself. The child is not old enough to dress himself. The child is so young that he can't dress himself. 这孩子太小,不能够自己穿衣。 【考点聚焦】考查 too . . . to . . .结构 【即时巩固】 1.Jim is a kind boy. He is ______willing to help his classmates. A.so C.much 【答案】D 【解析】too+glad/pleased/willing...to...表示肯定意义。如用 A 项应改为 so...as to 才对。 2. Allen had to call a taxi because the box was ______ to carry all the way home. A much too heavy B too much heavy 【答案】A C heavy too much D too heavy much B.such D.too

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【解析】考察 too much 和 much too 用法。Much too 修饰形容词或者副词;too much 修饰 不可数名词。结合句意可知 A 正确。句意:Allen 不得不打的,因为盒子实在太重了不能一 路上带回家。 3. —What do you think of the book I lent to you yesterday ? —Oh, not too bad.It’s not too difficult_______. A reading B.to be read C.to read D.being read

【答案】C 【解析】 试题分析:考查不定式用法。当不定式前面有形容词是对主句的性格特征进行说明的时候, 使用不定式的主动语态对名词进行说明。如: The book is easy to understand。句意: —你认为我昨天借给你的那本书怎么样?—还不错,不是很难读。故 C 正确。 考点:考查不定式用法 考点 3 部分否定和全部否定

【教材原句】All hope was not lost.不是所有的希望都破灭了。 【句法分析】 此句为部分否定。 all, both, each, every, everybody, everything, complete, completely, always, all the time, whole, wholly, entirely, altogether 等代词、形 容词和副词与否定词 not 连用,构成部分否定,表示“不都、并非都”的意思。 【例句研读】 ①All that glitters is not gold.发光的并不一定都是金子。 ②Both of the brothers don't like the film.兄弟俩不都喜欢这部电影。 ③Not everything went well with him.他并非每件事情都顺利。 ④Not all of the rich are happy.不是所有有钱人都幸福。 ⑤The rich are not always happy.有钱人并非总是幸福。 ⑥You can't fool all the people all the time.你未必总是能愚弄所有的人。 【拓展归纳】 全部否定用:no one, none, neither, nobody, nothing,以及 not...any/either 来表示。 ①None of them are right. 他们都不对。 ②Neither of us will go. 我们俩都不去。 ③Nobody can win me. 没人能赢我。 【考点聚焦】考查部分否定和全部否定
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【即时巩固】 1.—The exam wasn't difficult at all, was it? —No, but I don't believe ______could pass it. A.somebody C.everybody 【答案】C 【解析】not 与 everybody 连用表示部分否定。 2.—Which of the two computer games did you prefer? —Actually I didn't like ______. A.both of them C.none of them 【答案】B 【解析】not... either=neither 表示全部否定。 3. “All the students don’t work hard.” means “_________” A.Not all the students work hard. B.Every student works hard. C.None of the students works hard. D.All of the above. 【答案】A 【解析】表示整体意义的词用于否定句构成部分否定。句意:不是所有的学生都努力。 4. It’s impossible for all the people to get jobs because ______of them is not fit for them. A.every one 【答案】A B.all C.not all D.none B.either of them D.neither of them B.anybody D.nobody

考点:考查代词 5. Not all the students follow the rules. Which of the following statement has the same meaning?
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A.None of the students follow the rules. B.All the students don’t follow the rules. C.No students follow the rules D.All of the above 【答案】B 【解析】 试题分析:考查部分否定:句意:不是所有的学生都遵守规则。Not all?=all?not?“都 是部分否定”,none 和 no 都是全部否定,选 B。 考点:考查部分否定

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