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写地理位置英语作文


Step ⅠLead-in 1. (写作要点)Suppose you are a guide to describe a place to tourists, what subjects(主题)will you introduce ? 2.(词汇和句型)Which words, expressions and sentence patterns will be used by y

ou when describing a place?

StepⅡ Organization of the composition Introduction (Para1): set the scene (name and location of the place/building, reasons for choosing the place/building) Main Body (Para2-3): Overall look and particular details (Place: sights, facilities, free-time activities; Building: first look and specific details) Conclusion (Para 4): Feelings and final thoughts about the place / building plus recommendation

Step Ⅲ Description (一) 介绍地理位置(Location) 1. “位置”的表达 (1) be situated in, be located in/on/to (2) be/lie in/on/to+ 方向 e.g.: Guangdong lies on the south of Human. The island lies off the East coast. 这座岛在东海岸附近。 Shanghai lies in the east of China.上海位于中国的东部(在境内)。 Ireland lies to the west of Britain.爱尔兰位于不列颠之西。 (3) be/lie off +某一地点,常为海岸等(常指水中岛屿等,意“相隔、相离”) e.g.: Many islands lie off China's east coast. (4) lie/be on the river/ coast of (A 地在?河畔或海滨) e.g.: London lies on the River Thames.伦敦位于泰晤士河畔。 (5) There stands(使屹立)?. e.g.: There stands an old temple on the top of the mountain. (6) be surrounded by/with? e.g.: The city is surrounded by suburbs.城市被郊区包 围着。

2. “方向”的表达

(1) east, south, west, north , northeast , northwest, southeast, eastern, southern, western, northern ?? (2) in the middle/centre of (3) at the foot of, on the top of? (4) To the east/west/north/south of ??. is?.. e.g.: West of the city stands a tall building. 3 “地位”的表达 political/commercial/cultural centre, the capital of, the (second) largest?..in China/ in the world 4. “海拔”的表达: SP. lies + 数词 + metres above sea-level。某地海拔?米 e.g.: Tibet lies at an average of 4,000 metres above sea-level. 西藏平均海拔 4000 公尺 5. “地址”的表达 (1)表示“在某村”:in + the village of + 村名。e.g.: In the village of Huaxi (2)表示“在某县”:in + 县名 + county。 e.g.: In Hanshou County (3)表示“在某市”: ①in the city of + 市名 ② in + 市名 City。 e.g.: In the city of Changde/ in Changde City (4)表示“在某省”:① in + 省名+province。② in the province of +省名。 e.g.: in Hunan Province/in the Province of Hunan (5)表示“在门牌号,街道”:at +门牌号(基数词) + 街道名+ (Street/Road)。 e.g.: at 1203 Washington Street 在华盛顿大街 1203 号 at 86 Xiwang Road 在希望路 86 号 (6)综合表达是:at +门牌号+ 街道名+ Street, in the city/village of +村名/市名, in +县名 + county, in the province of +省名。e.g.: at 86 Xiwang Road, Jiangjiazui town, Hanshou county, Hunan Province, China 【注意】①英语表示地址是从小地名开始,逐步到大地名。②如地名过多,可多用几个表示 地点的介词,不要多用表示领属关系的介词 of。③ 除门牌号用介词 at, 其他均用介词 in。 【Practice】 中国位于亚洲东部,太平洋的西岸。China lies in the east of Asia and on the western coast of the Pacific Ocean.? 这个美丽的公园坐落于湖的沿岸。The beautiful town is located along the shore of the lake.? 这个村子坐落在群山之中。The village lies among the mountains.? 新教学楼坐落在学校的中央。 The new teaching building lies in the center of the school.? Guangzhou, Capital of Guangdong Province (广东省会), lies in the south of China? . The temple stands on the top of/at the foot of the mountain. (stand)? Located (locate) in the smallest continent---Oceania, Australia is the sixth largest (第六大) country in the world.? Standing (stand) on the top of the mountain, the temple has experienced many changes

in this area.? The beautiful town is located (locate) to/ on the west of the lake.? (二)介绍人口(Population) 1. 询问“人口”: What’s the population of + 某地? 这个国家有多少人口? 2. 表述“人口”的数量: (1) The city has a large/ small population (of ?) 某地人口众多/稀少(有?? 人口) e.g.: China has a large population of 1300 million. (2) The population of ?is? e.g.: The rural population of the county is 400,000. 这个县的农村人口为 40 万。 (3) The population increases/ decreases? e.g.: The population here is increasing year by year/ rapidly. (4) The population has grown to? (5)The city, with a population of?, is ?, It is a ?. with a population of?. e.g.: Beijing, the capital of China, is a large city with a population of over 12,000,000. (6) 数词+ percent of the population are ...百分之?的人口是? e.g.: Eighty percent of the population here are farmers. 百分之八十的人口是农民。 【Practice】 这个村子有 5000 人, 大多数人为渔民。The village has a population of 5000, most of whom are fishermen.? 中国人口众多,有十三多亿人口。China has a large population of 1,300,000,000.? Australia has a population of about 20 million.? China is a developing country, with a population of 1300 million.? The population in this city is increasing year by year.? It covers an area of 10,000 square kilometers with a population of (人口) over 2million.? (三)介绍面积(Area) 1. 表示“占地面积”的句型: (1) ?? has/ covers an area of/ takes up ...square kilometers/ metres。 某地占 地?面积。 e.g.: The small town covers an area of 5 square miles. 小镇占地 5 平方英里。 Xingjiang takes up about one-sixth of our territory.新疆占我国国土的六分之一。 (2) It’s a city/town/school?.. with an area of??square kilometers e.g.: It’s a town with an area of over 100 square kilometers. 城镇 面积 100 多 平方公里 (3) The size of??+ is?. ??. + is + 数词 + long and +数词 +单位词 wide。某地多长多宽。 e.g.: The garden is 30 metres long and 20 metres wide. 这花园长三十米, 宽二十米。 2. 常用度量单位:inch 英寸, foot 英尺, mile 英里, millimeter 毫米, centimetre 厘米, metre 米, kilometers 公里, square metres 平方米, square kilometers 平方公里。

【Practice】 我们学校很大,占地 120 亩。 Our school, which covers an area of/takes up 120 mu.? 汉寿县全境东西长 78 公里,南北宽 40 公里。? Hanshou County is 78 kilometres long from west to east and 40 kilometres wide from north to south.? Tiananmen Square, the largest square in the world, covers/ has an area of one million square kilometers.? =Tiananmen Square, covering an area of one million square kilometers, is the largest square in the world. This square is 2000 meters long and 1500 meters wide.? (四)介绍气候和历史(History) 气候:warm, dry, humid, cold, sunny, stormy, rainy, cloudy, snowy, windy? with four-distinct/ clear-cut seasons


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