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Dictation Book3 Unit4 Astronomy


Book3 Unit4 Astronomy—How life began on the earth & A visit to the moon Part1 Phrases form Blue 1. 很可能(句式) 2. 某人很可能做某事 3. 1)对…有害 2)无意伤害某人;没有恶意 3)弊大于利/利大于弊 4) (某人)做某事无害处 4. 1)靠…生活 2)某地有…;存在… 3)产生;成立 4)现存的;存在的 5. 1)困惑的表情 2)令人费解的问题 3)苦苦思索,仔细琢磨 4)琢磨出…的答案;设法想出 6. time 相关词组 7. birth 相关词组 8.turn 相关词组 9. “阻止…做某事”的 3 种表达方式以及它们 使用时的注意点(from 是否可省略?) 10. depend 1)依靠某人做某事 2)相信;指望 3)那得看情况。 11. pull 相关词组 12. cheer 1) 使高兴,使兴奋

2)为…加油 13. watch 相关词组 14. break 相关词组 Part2 Phrases from SB & exercises 1. 把…和…相配 match…with… 2. 根据广泛接受的理论 according to a widely accepted theory 3. (朝)四面八方 in all directions/ in every direction 4. 冷却下来 cool down 5. 是…的基础 be fundamental to 6. 分解有害气体 dissolve harmful gases 7. 连锁反应 a chain reaction 8. 使…充满… fill…with.. 9. 各类鱼 all sorts of fish 10. 下蛋 lay eggs 11. 依旧是个谜 remain a mystery 12. 由于…;因为… as a result of/ as a consequence of/ in consequence of/ owing to/ because of/ on account of 13. 曾经有…(句式) There used to be 14. 灭绝;灭亡 die out

15. 几十万 dozens of millions of 16.block 1) (用路障)封锁,堵住 block off 2)挡住,遮住(光等) ;忘记,抹掉(不 愉快的记忆) block out 3)塞住,封住(洞,孔) block up 17.参观月球 visit the moon/ a visit to the moon 18. 靠近… be/ get close to… 19. 向前走---向后走 step forward--- step back/ backward 20. 难怪 no wonder 21. 当听到这个好消息的时候 on hearing the good news 22. 徒劳;无济于事 in vain 23. 自报名字 call out one’s name 24. 灰心 lose heart 25. 提出、产生问题 raise questions 26. 处理事情 handle the situation 27. (口语)绝不(表示绝对不同意) Not likely! Part3 Sentences 1. 盗贼很可能不知道此物的价值。(likely) It’s (more than) likely that the thieves don’t know

how much it is worth. 2. 入场券可能很贵。(likely) The tickets are likely to be expensive. 3. 太多的忧虑对人得身心不利。(harm; harmful) Too much worry does harm to your soul and body. Too much worry is harmful to your soul and body. 4. 他们靠他挣得那点钱无法维持生活。(exist) They can’t exist on the money he is earning. 5. 这座桥是现存最古老的。(existence) The bridge is the oldest in existence. 6. 从他脸上困惑的表情判断,他被这个令人费解 的谜团给难住了。(puzzle) Judging from his puzzled look on his face, he was puzzled by the puzzling mystery. 7. 去年生下双胞胎的女人原来是位电影明星。 (birth) The woman who gave birth to twins last year turned out to be a film star. 8. 这个超重的男孩出生时就重达 4.85 千克。 (birth) The overweight boy weighed 4.85 kilograms at birth. 9. 我们能做什么来阻止我们的地球被污染呢? What can we do to prevent our earth (from) being polluted?

What can we do to stop our earth (from) being polluted? What can we do to keep our earth form being polluted? 10. 这个国家主要依靠旅游业。(depend) This country depends heavily on its tourism. 11. 你 可 以 相 信 他 会 准 时 来 , 他 总 是 很 守 时 。 (depend) You can depend on it that he will come on time; he is always punctual. 12. 他们将于 5 月 25 号结婚。 (将来时表达) They are to get married on May 25th. 13. 我正要离开,就在这时他进来了。 (将来时表达) I was about to leave when he came in. 14. 勤奋工作是成功的基础。(fundamental) Hard work is fundamental to success. 15. 他除了给我建议还给我钱。 (连词) He gave me advice as well as money. 16. 他们会在哪里讨论事情没有多大关系。事实上, 是态度重要而不是地点重要。 (主语从句;强调句) Where they will talk about the matter doesn’t make too much difference. In fact, it is the attitude not the place that matters.

17. 他是否会很快康复仍有待于观察。 (形式主语) It remains to be seen whether he will recover soon. 18. 他突然想到他把钥匙忘在办公室了。 (形式主语) It occurred to him that he had left the key in the office. 19. 人们普遍认为,教学是一门科学,同时也是一 门艺术。 (as…as) It’s generally believed that teaching is as much an art as a science. 20. 这条河是那条河的三倍长。 (3 种倍数表达) The river is three times as long as that one. The river is three times the length of that one. The river is twice longer than that one.


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